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U_idUse caseSubcategoryIndicatorInformation needsRationale and Additional ContextSuggested OCDS fieldsOCDS extensionObservationsCalculation method
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U001Market OpportunityMarket descriptionTotal number of procedures-Procedure IDThe total number of procedures indicates the size of the procurement marketocidCount of unique procedures
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U002Market OpportunityMarket descriptionTotal number of procuring entities-Procuring entity (buyer) IDThe total number of procuring entities or buyers indicates the size of the procurement marketocid, tender/procuringEntity/name OR buyer/name OR parties/identifier/id and parties/identifier/name with parties/roles=buyerCount of unique procuring entities (or buyers)
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U003Market OpportunityMarket descriptionTotal number of unique bidders- Bidder informationA higher number of unique bidders may indicate greater system openness and potential for competition. ocid, tender/tenderers/id OR bids/details/tenderers/idCount of unique bidders
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U004Market OpportunityMarket descriptionTotal number of awarded suppliers- Suppliers information
- Award status
A higher number of awarded suppliers may indicate greater system openness and potential for competition. awards/id, awards/suppliers/id, awards/suppliers/name, awards/statusCount of unique awarded suppliers
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U005Market OpportunityMarket descriptionTotal number of procedures by year or month-Procedure ID
-Date
The total number of procedures by period can help identify if there are seasonal patterns in public purchasesocid, date OR tender/tenderPeriod/startDateCount of total number of procedures by period
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U006Market OpportunityMarket descriptionTotal value awarded-Award value
-Award status
The value awarded indicates the size of the procurement marketawards/status, awards/value/amount, awards/value/currencySum of value awarded
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U007Market OpportunityMarket descriptionShare of tenders by status-Tender statusA higher proportion of canceled tenders can be a sign of inefficiency of the contracting processocid, tender/status# of tenders by status / # of total tenders
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U008Market OpportunityMarket descriptionNumber of procedures by item type-Item classificationsThe total number of procedures by item type helps identify the size of specific markets. ocid, tender/items/classification/id, tender/items/classification/scheme# of tenders by item type
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U009Market OpportunityMarket descriptionProportion of tenders by procurement category-Procurement categoryThe total number of procedures by category helps identify the size of specific markets. tender/mainProcurementCategory# of tenders by prourement category / # of total tenders
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U010Market OpportunityMarket descriptionNumber of tenders by procedure type-Procurement methodA higher percent of competitive procedures to all procedures may indicate greater openness of award procedures. Similarly, a higher proportion of direct awards might signal a risk.ocid, tender/procurementMethod# of tenders by procedure / # of total tenders
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U011Market OpportunityCompetitionPercent of tenders awarded by means of competitive procedures- Procurement method used
- Award status
A higher total percent of tenders awarded through competitive procedures may indicate greater openness of award procedures. Use of competitive procedures may allow easier access for market participants to public procurement and, therefore, may result in increased competition.ocid
tender/procurementMethod
awards/status
Number procedures awarded by competitive procedures/ all procedures
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U012Market OpportunityCompetitionPercent of contracts awarded under each procedure type- Contract ID and status
- Procurement method used
A higher percent of competitive procedures to all procedures may indicate greater openness of award procedures. Similarly, a higher proportion of direct awards might signal a risk.ocid
tender/procurementMethod
(contracts/id
contracts/status) OR (awards/id, awards/status)
# of contracts by procedure / # of total contracts
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U013Market OpportunityCompetitionTotal contracted value awarded under each procedure type- Contract ID, status and value
- Procurement method used
A higher total sum awarded through competitive procedures may indicate greater openness of award proceduresocid
tender/procurementMethod
(contracts/id
contracts/status
contract/value/amount
contract/value/currency) OR (awards/id
awards/status
awards/value/amount
awards/value/currency)
value awarded by procedure /Total value awarded
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U014Market OpportunityCompetitionTotal awarded value of tenders awarded by means of competitive procedures- Procurement method used
- Award status and value
A higher total sum awarded through competitive procedures may indicate greater openness of award procedures. Use of competitive procedures may allow easier access for market participants to public procurement and, therefore, may result in increased competition.ocid
tender/procurementMethod
awards/status
awards/value/amount
awards/value/currency
Procurement value awarded by competitive procedures/ all procurement value awarded
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U015Market OpportunityCompetitionProportion of single bid tenders-Tenderers information
-Procurement method
Having a high proportion of single bids in tenders that should be competitive is
considered a risk in procurement, since it might signal limited competition, a low capacity of procurement agencies, result in higher prices, lower quality, weaker political accountability
ocid
tender/procurementMethod
tender/numberOfTenderers OR tender/tenderers/id
Count of tenders with a single bid / Total number of competitive tenders
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U016Market OpportunityCompetitionProportion of value awarded in single bid tenders vs competitive tenders-Tenderers information
-Procurement method
-Award values
-Award status
Having a higher value awarded in non competitive tenders may signal less competition in high value tenders, or higher prices as a result of no competition.
ocid
tender/procurementMethod
tender/numberOfTenderers OR tender/tenderers/id
awards/status
awards/value/amount
awards/value/currency
Value awarded in tenders with a single bid / Total value awarded in competitive tenders
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U017Market OpportunityCompetitionMean number of bidders per tender- Tender ID
- Bidders information
A higher mean number of bidders per tender may indicate limited sole-sourcing and that tenders have fairer competition. It may indicate increased competition and trust in the contracting systemocid
tender/procurementMethod
tender/numberOfTenderers OR tender/tenderers/id
Average count of bidders/Total tenders or lots
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U018Market OpportunityCompetitionMedian number of bidders per tender- Tender ID
- Bidders information
A higher median number of bidders per tender may indicate limited sole-sourcing and that tenders fairer competition. It may indicate increased competition and trust in the contracting systemocid
tender/procurementMethod
tender/numberOfTenderers OR tender/tenderers/id
Median count of all bidders / Total number of tenders
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U019Market OpportunityCompetitionMean number of bidders by item type- Tenderers information
- Item information
The higher the mean number of unique bidders who provide a certain item, the more competitive the overall procurement system may be.ocid
tender/procurementMethod
tender/numberOfTenderers OR tender/tenderers/id
tender/items/classification/id
tender/items/classification/scheme
Average Number of bidders / Total tenders per item
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U020Market OpportunityCompetitionNumber of suppliers by item type-Suppliers information
-Items information
Comparing the total number of awards with the total number of suppliers for each item allows to identify items with more or less competition. A higher value in the award/supplier rate per item, suggests suppliers concentrate a high number of awards. In addition, having fewer suppliers by item can increase the risk of bid rigging, since this practice is more likely to occur when a small number of companies supply the good or service.
award/id
awards/suppliers/id
awards/suppliers/name
(awards/items/classification/id
awards/items/classification/scheme) OR
(tender/items/classification/id, tender/items/classification/scheme) OR (contract/items/classification/id, contract/items/classification/scheme)
Count unique suppliers by item
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U021Market OpportunityCompetitionNumber of new bidders in a system - Bidders Information
- Tender start date
A higher number of new (first-time) bidders may indicate greater system openness and potential for competition. New bidders may also indicate increased trust in the contracting system. Note: historical information of at least two periods is neededtender/id
tender/tenderers/id
tender/tenderPeriod/startDate
Count of new bidders in the system
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U022Market OpportunityCompetitionPercent of new bidders to all bidders - Bidders Information
- Tender start date
When used with other business engagement indicators, growth in the percent of new bidders to all bidders can signal changes in level of bidder confidence in and awareness of the contracting systemtender/id
tender/tenderers/id
tender/tenderPeriod/startDate
Number of new bidders / all bidders
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U023Market OpportunityCompetitionPercent of tenders with at least three participants deemed qualified- Tenderers information
- Details on the bid status (disqualification)
A higher percent of tenders with three or more bidders may signal a highly competitive tenders, which may be related to effective preparation of a buyer and could ensure a better market price
ocid
bids/details/tenderers/id
bids/details/id
bids/details/status
Bid statistics and details
Number of tenders with at least three participants deemed qualified / total number of tender with three of more participants.
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U024Market OpportunityCompetitionMean percent of bids which are disqualified- Bid information
- Disqualification information
A higher mean percent of bidders disqualified from participation may indicate that a buyer may subject bidders to unjustified disqualification. This can reduce confidence in a buyer and, as a result, reduce the number of bidders wishing to bid for future tenders with this buyertender/id
bids/details/id
bids/details/status
Bid statistics and details
Number of disqualified bids / Total bids
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U025Market OpportunityCompetitionPercent of contracts awarded to top 10 suppliers with largest contracted totals- Supplier ID
- Award information on winning supplier
-Total award or contract values
A higher percent of contracts awarded to the top suppliers may indicate weaker market opportunity. Analyzing the concentration of overall contacted value gives insight into how inclusive and competitive the overall marketplace isawards/id
awards/suppliers/id
awards/suppliers/name
(contracts/id
contracts/awardID
contracts/value/amount
contracts/value/currency) OR
(awards/id,awards/value/amount, awards/value/currency)
Number of contracts awarded to a supplier / Total number of contracts

Total value of contracts awarded to a supplier/ Total value awarded
Filter top 10.
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U026Market OpportunityCompetitionMean number of unique suppliers per buyer- Procuring Entity
- Supplier ID
A higher mean number of unique suppliers can indicate greater market fairness. Rotating suppliers and a larger number of suppliers per entity may be measures of system openness and competition ocid
tender/procuringEntity/name OR buyer/name OR parties/identifier/id
parties/roles (=buyer)
awards/suppliers/id
awards/suppliers/name
Unique count of suppliers/ all procuring entities
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U027Market OpportunityCompetitionNumber of new awarded suppliers - Suppliers information
- Award date
A higher number of new (first-time) suppliers may indicate greater system openness and potential for competition. New suppliers may also indicate increased trust in the contracting system. Note: historical information of at least two periods is neededawards/id
awards/suppliers/id
awards/suppliers/name
awards/date
Count of unique awarded suppliers
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U028Market OpportunityCompetitionPercent of awards awarded to new suppliers- Suppliers information
- Award date
A higher percent of new (first-time) suppliers may indicate greater system openness and potential for competition. This indicator is more powerful when one also considers the age of bidding companies, as new young bidders could, in certain contexts, be a risk to integrityawards/id
awards/suppliers/id
awards/suppliers/name
awards/date
Number of new suppliers / all suppliers
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U029Market OpportunityCompetitionTotal awarded value awarded to new suppliers- Suppliers information
- Contracted amount information
- Award date
A higher awarded value to new (first-time) suppliers may indicate greater system openness and potential for competition. This indicator is more powerful when one also considers the age of bidding companies, as new young bidders could, in certain contexts, be a risk to integrityawards/id
awards/suppliers/id
awards/suppliers/name
awards/date
awards/value/amount
awards/value/currency
Alternatively these fields can be used:
contracts/awardID
contracts/value/amount
contracts/value/currency
Value awarded to new suppliers / Value awarded to all suppliers
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U030Market OpportunityCompetitionPercent of new suppliers to all suppliers- Suppliers information
- Date of the awards
A higher percent of new (first-time) suppliers may indicate greater system openness and potential for competition. This indicator is more powerful when one also considers the age of bidding companies, as new young bidders could, in certain contexts, be a risk to integrityawards/id
awards/suppliers/id
awards/suppliers/name
awards/date
Number of new suppliers / all suppliers
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U031Market OpportunityCompetitionPercent of growth of new awarded suppliers in a system- Suppliers information
- Date of the awards
A higher number of new (first-time) suppliers may indicate greater system openness and potential for competition. New suppliers may also indicate increased trust in the contracting system. Note: historical information of at least two periods is neededawards/id
awards/suppliers/id
awards/suppliers/name
awards/date
Count of new suppliers in a system that haven't been awarded in the previous period
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U032Market OpportunityCompetitionPercent of total awarded value awarded to recurring suppliers- Suppliers information
- Award date
- Award values
A higher percent of total sum awarded to repeat suppliers may indicate lesser system openness and potential for competition. awards/id
awards/suppliers/id
awards/suppliers/name
awards/date
awards/value/amount
awards/value/currency
Value awarded to recurring contractors / Total value awarded
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U033Market OpportunityCompetitionMean number of bids necessary to win- Bidder information
- Winner information
A lower mean number of bids may indicate a higher degree of market fairness. This indicator is more powerful when one also considers mean number of bids per tenderocid
tender/tenderers/id
awards/suppliers/id
awards/suppliers/name
Number of bids / Number of wins
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U034Market OpportunityCompetitionMarket concentration (market share of the largest company in the market)-Suppliers information
-Items information for market segmentation
- Award values
Firms that concentrate most of the value awarded may signal less competition in particular markets. Another measure of market concentration is the Herfindahl-Hirschman Index (HHI), that is the summary of the squared market shares in each market. The indicator ranges from 0 to 10000. Values under 1500 points indicate non-concentrated market. Values between 1500 and 2500 indicate slightly concentrated market and values over 2500 indicate highly concentrated market. awards/suppliers/id
awards/suppliers/name
awards/value/amount
awards/value/currency
awards/items/classification/id
awards/items/classification/scheme
Market share = total value awarded to a supplier / total value awarded for the whole market

HHI= Sum(market share^2)
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U035Market OpportunitySupplier performanceProportion of contracts awarded by supplier by non competitive procedures-Procurement method used
-Supplier ID
-Award status
A higher total percent of tenders awarded through competitive procedures may indicate greater openness of award procedures. Use of competitive procedures may allow easier access for market participants to public procurement and, therefore, may result in increased competition.ocid, tender/procurementMethod, awards/status, awards/suppliers/id, awards/suppliers/nameFor each supplier:
# of awards by procurement method/ # of total awards
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U036Market OpportunitySupplier performanceRegion of the supplier-Region of the supplierKnowing the region of the suppliers helps identify regional patterns in the the awarding of contracts. Having suppliers from different regions can indicate a higher regional diversity of the procurement market. parties/roles, parties/identifier/id, parties/address/region OR parties/address/addressDetails/region# of suppliers by region
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U037Market OpportunitySupplier performanceNumber of bids submitted by supplier- Bidder information
- Supplier information
The number of bids submitted by a supplier is an indicator of its market participation. This indicator is more powerful when one also considers the number of bids won (success rate). awards/suppliers/id, tender/tenderers/id OR bids/details/tenderers/idCount of number of bids by supplier
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U038Market OpportunitySupplier performanceSuccess rate of bidders- Bidder information
- Winner information
A high number of companies with a low success rate may indicate a lower degree of market fairness. Companies with a low success rate close to zero (always submit bids but never win) or a high success rate (always win the tender) can also suggest a suspicious bidding pattern and possible bid rigging. ocid
tender/tenderers/id
awards/suppliers/id
awards/suppliers/name
Count of number of awarded contracts of a supplier/ Count of total number of bids of a supplier
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U039Market OpportunitySupplier performanceNumber of unique items classifications awarded by supplier- Supplier information
- Item classifications
The number of unique item classifications by supplier indicates the diversity or specialization of items it can supply. A higher diversity of goods and services can sometimes be considered a risk indicator since the supplier might have delivery problems. awards/id, awards/suppliers/id, awards/suppliers/name, (awards/items/classification/id, awards/items/classification/scheme) OR
(tender/items/classification/id, tender/items/classification/scheme) OR
(contract/items/classification/id, contract/items/classification/scheme
Count of unique item classifications by supplier
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U040Market OpportunitySupplier performanceTotal value awarded by supplier- Supplier ID
- Award information on winning supplier
-Total award or contract values
A higher awarded value to a supplier may indicate weaker market opportunity. Analyzing the concentration of overall contacted value gives insight into how inclusive and competitive the overall marketplace isawards/id, awards/suppliers/id, awards/suppliers/name, awards/status, contracts/id, contracts/awardID, contracts/value/amount, contracts/value/currencySum of total value awarded by supplier
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U041Market OpportunitySupplier performanceShare of total value awarded by supplier- Supplier ID
- Award information on winning supplier
-Total award or contract values
A higher percent of contracts awarded to a supplier may indicate weaker market opportunity. Analyzing the concentration of overall contacted value gives insight into how inclusive and competitive the overall marketplace isawards/id, awards/suppliers/id, awards/suppliers/name, awards/status, contracts/id, contracts/awardID, contracts/value/amount, contracts/value/currencySum of total value awarded by supplier / Total value awarded
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U042Market OpportunitySupplier performanceTotal number of contracts awarded by supplier- Supplier ID
- Award information on winning supplier
-Contracts awarded
A higher number of contracts awarded to a supplier may indicate weaker market opportunity. Analyzing the concentration of overall contacted value gives insight into how inclusive and competitive the overall marketplace isawards/id, awards/suppliers/id, awards/suppliers/name, contracts/status, contracts/id, contracts/awardIDCount of number of contracts awarded by supplier
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U043Market OpportunitySupplier performanceNumber of procuring entities by supplier- Supplier ID
-Procuring Entity or Buyer
A higher number of procuring entities by a particular supplier may indicate better supplier performance as multiple entities choose to procure goods or services from the supplier. Suppliers working with a greater number of procuring entities can also signal better risk diversificationocid, awards/suppliers/id, awards/suppliers/name, tender/procuringEntity/name OR buyer/name OR parties/identifier/id with parties/roles=buyerCount of unique procuring entities (or buyers) by supplier
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U044Market OpportunitySupplier performanceShare of single bid awards by supplier-Procurement method used
-Supplier ID
-Award status
Having a high proportion of single bids in tenders that should be competitive is considered a risk in procurement, since it might signal limited competition, a low capacity of procurement agencies, result in higher prices, lower quality, weaker political accountabilityocid, awards/suppliers/id, awards/suppliers/name, awards/status, tender/procurementMethod, tender/numberOfTenderers OR tender/tenderers/id# of single bid awards/ Total # of competitive awards
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U045Public IntegrityPercent of tenders with linked procurement plans- Listing of procurement plansA higher percent of tenders with procurement plans may indicate greater integrity. Planning information such as procurement plans gives a more robust vision of the intended contracting process, and is therefore a critical part of having transparency across the entire contracting processtender/id
tender/documents/documentType (=procurementPlan)
Tenders with linked procurement plans / Total number of tenders
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U046Public IntegrityPercent of contracts which publish information on debarments- Debarment listA higher percent of tenders with debarment information may indicate greater integrity. Information about debarments gives insight into the quality of the contracting process, and access to this information can lead to more transparent contracting processcontracts/id
contracts/implementation/documents/documentType (=debarments)
Contracts with information on debarments / Total number of contracts
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U047Public IntegrityThe percent of tenders for which the tender documentation was added after publication of the announcement - Tender documentation information
- Tender documentation dates
A higher percent of tenders for which tender documentation was added after the announcement publication may indicate reduced integrity. The ease of availability of tender documentation can be a sign of the overall quality of the procedure. A tender for which the announcement was published without timely disclosure of the documentation, can indicate inadequate preparation by the buyer. Buyers who do not publish robust information can lose potential valid bidders who could not determine their eligibility for or interest in participation due to lack of a detailed description of the subject of procurement in the documentation. Publishing timely information gives more time for the potential bidders to familiarize themselves with the buyer's needstender/id
tender/documents/documentType (=tenderNotice)
tender/documents/documentType (=biddingDocuments)
tender/documents/datePublished
Number of tenders that added documentation after the announcement /Total tenders
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U048Public IntegrityMean number of contract amendments per buyer- Buyer information
- Contract amendment information
A higher mean number of amendments may indicate reduced integrity. Contract instability may be an indictator of corruption in certain cases. Integrity is usually maximized when the final terms of the contract, the original contract, and the tender correspond closely. The risk with amendments is that suppliers may be chosen on the basis of lowest price, but then increase their prices later on. This is a legally permitted and difficult-to-monitor way to decrease the integrity of the procurement processocid
tender/procuringEntity/name OR buyer/name OR parties/identifier/id
parties/roles (=buyer)
contracts/id
contracts/amendments
Number of contract amendments / Total contracts per buyer
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U049Public IntegrityPercent of tenders which have been closed for more than 30 days, but whose basic awards information is not published
- Tender close date
- Award date
- Award information (date, status, values and suppliers)
A higher rate of tenders without timely awards information may signal lack of integrity. No awards information can signal that the tender process was not fully completed. If it was completed, the interaction between the bidders and buyer is not transparent, and relevant interested parties cannot monitor the processtender/id
tender/tenderPeriod/endDate
awards/id
awards/date
awards/status
awards/value/amount
awards/suppliers/id
awards/suppliers/name
Number of tenders without basic information published after 30 days (if current date -tender end date >=30) / total tenders
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U050Public IntegrityPercent of awards which are older than 30 days, but whose contract is not published- Tender information
- Contract information
A higher rate of awards without contract information may signal lack of integrity. No contract can signal that the tender process was not fully completed. If it was completed, the interaction between the bidders and buyer is not transparent, and relevant interested parties cannot monitor the processawards/id
awards/date
contracts/awardID
contracts/status
contracts/dateSigned
contracts/documents/documentType (=contractNotice)
Number of awards without contract information published after 30 days (if current date -award date >=30) / total number of awards
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U051Public IntegrityPercent of tenders that do not specify place of delivery- Tender information
- Place of delivery information
A higher rate of tenders without delivery information may signal lack of integrity. If a buyer does not specify the place of delivery of the items needed, it is difficult for potential valid bidders to evaluate their capabilities to deliver, potentially leading to them choosing not to bidocid
tender/items/deliveryLocation
tender/items/deliveryAddress
Location Number of tenders without delivery location / Total number of tenders
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U052Public IntegrityPercent of tenders that do not specify date of delivery- Tender milestone information
- Tender milestone date information
A higher rate of tenders without date information may signal lack of integrity. If a buyer does not specify the specifics of the milestones needed and their needed dates of delivery, it is difficult for potential bidders to evaluate their capabilities to deliver, potentially leading to them choosing not to bidtender/milestones/id
tender/milestones/type (=delivery)
tender/milestones/description
tender/milestones/dueDate
Number of tenders without delivery date/ Total number of tenders
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U053Public IntegrityPercent of tenders with short titles (for example fewer than 10 characters in the title)- Tender title informationA higher rate of tenders without robust titles may signal lack of integrity. A short or undescriptive tender title reduces the opportunity for potential bidders to find and understand the announcement. This may lead to fewer potential tenderers choosing to bidtender/id
tender/title
Number of tender without less that 10 characters in title / Total number of tenders
*The number of characters could vary depending ont he context. You can calculate the average number of characters and identify outliers
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U054Public IntegrityPercent of tenders with short descriptions (for instance fewer than 30 characters in the description)- Tender description informationA higher rate of tenders without robust descriptions may signal lack of integrity. A short or undescriptive tender description reduces the opportunity for potential bidders to find and understand the announcement. This may lead to fewer potential tenderers choosing to bidtender/id
tender/description
Number of tender without less that 30 characters in description/ Total number of tenders
*The number of characters could vary depending ont he context. You can calculate the average number of characters and identify outliers
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U055Public IntegrityPercent of tenders that do not include detailed item codes or item descriptions- Tender item informationA higher rate of tenders without robust item information may signal lack of integrity. Undescriptive item descriptions reduce the opportunity for potential bidders to find and understand the announcement. This may lead to fewer potential tenderers choosing to bidtender/id
tender/items/classification/id
tender/items/classification/scheme
Number of tender without item information/ Total number of tenders
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U056Public IntegrityPercent of contracts that do not have amendments- Contract amendmentsA higher number of contracts without amendments may signal greater integrity. Contract instability may be an indicator of corruption in certain cases; integrity is usually maximized when the final terms of the tender, award, initial contract, and final contract correspond closely. The risk with amendments is that suppliers may be chosen on the basis of lowest price, but but then increase their prices later. This is a legally permitted and difficult to monitor way to decrease the integrity of the procurement processcontracts/id
contracts/amendments
Contracts with amendments / all contracts
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U057Service DeliveryPercent of contracts which publish contract implementation details (financial)- Contract Implementation Details (financial)A higher rate of contracts with financial implementation details may indicate better quality service delivery. Implementation information is critical for analyzing what services and goods are procured with public money. Knowing what stage of financial implementation a contract is in gives critical information about the development process to stakeholders across all sectors and allows for increased monitoring of contractscontracts/implementation/transactions/id
contracts/implementation/transactions/value/amount
contracts/implementation/transactions/value/currency
Number of contracts with implementation transactions information / Total number of contacts
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U058Service DeliveryPercent of contracts which publish contract implementation details (physical)- Contract Implementation Details (physical)A higher rate of contracts with physical implementation details may indicate better quality service delivery. Implementation information is critical for analyzing what services and goods are procured with public money. Knowing what stage of physical implementation a contract is in gives critical information about the development process to stakeholders across all sectors and allows for increased monitoring of contractscontracts/implementation/milestones/type
contracts/implementation/milestones/id
contracts/implementation/milestones/dueDate
contracts/implementation/milestones/status
Number of contracts with implementation details published / Total number of contacts
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U059Internal EfficiencyAverage duration of tendering period (days)- Tender start date
- Tender end date
Longer tender periods and longer time delays between phases of the contracting process can signal inefficiency in the contracting processocid
tender/tenderPeriod/startDate
tender/tenderPeriod/endDate
Tender end date - tender start date in days
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U060Internal EfficiencyAverage duration of decision period (days)- Tender end date
- Award date
Longer time delays between phases of the contracting process can signal inefficiency in the contracting processocid
tender/tenderPeriod/endDate
awards/date
award date - tender end date in days
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U061Internal EfficiencyAverage days from award date to start of implementation- Award date
- Contract start date
Longer time delays between phases of the contracting process can signal inefficiency in the contracting processawards/id
awards/date
awards/contractPeriod/startDate OR
contracts/awardID
contracts/period/startDate
award date - contract date in days
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U062Internal EfficiencyDays between award date and tender start date- Tender start start date
- Award date
Longer time delays between phases of the contracting process can signal inefficiency in the contracting processocid
tender/tenderPeriod/startDate
awards/date
Count of duration between tender notice and award notice
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U063Internal EfficiencyPercent of canceled tenders to awarded tenders- Number of cancelled tenders
- Number of awarded tenders
A higher proportion of canceled tenders to awarded tenders can be a sign of inefficiency of the contracting processocid
tender/status
awards/status
Total number of cancelled tenders / Total number of awarded tenders
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U064Internal EfficiencyPercent of contracts which are canceled- Cancelled contractsA higher rate of cancellation can be a sign of inefficiency of the contracting processcontracts/id
contracts/status
Total number of cancelled contracts/ Total number of contracts
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U065Value for MoneyPrice variation of same item across all awards
- Award value
-Item classification id, schemes, quantity and units
Larger variation of price of the same item across different awards can indicate lower value for money. Price differences in the same item across multiple contracting processes can also give information about how competitive and efficient the buying of those items is in a marketplaceawards/id
awards/value/amount
awards/value/currency
awards/items/classification/id
awards/items/classification/scheme
awards/items/quantity
awards/items/unit
For the same item, unit and quantity calculate the unit price. Calculate the average and median price. Identify outliers
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U066Value for MoneyPercent of contracts that exceed budget
- Estimated price (in the planning stage or tender stage)
- Total transacted amount: ideally the actual payment information should be used, but if not available the contract value or award value can be used.
A higher percentage of contracts with cost and/or time overruns can signal inefficient contracting processes and poorer value for money. Information about cost overruns is important for analyzing overall efficiencyocid
contracts/status
planning/budget/amount/amount OR tender/value/amount
planning/budget/amount/currency OR tender/value/currency
awards/value/amount
awards/value/currency
contracts/value/amount
contracts/value/currency
contracts/implementation/transactions/value/amount
contracts/implementation/transactions/value/currency
Contracts with contract value > budget value / Total number of contracts
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U067Value for MoneyMean percent overrun of contracts that exceed budget
- Estimated price
- Total transacted amount: ideally the actual payment information should be used, but if not available the contract value or award value can be used.
A higher percentage of cost and/or time overruns on contracts that exceed budget or milestones can signal inefficient contracting processes and poorer value for money. Information about cost overruns is important for analyzing overall efficiencyocid
contracts/status
planning/budget/amount/amount OR tender/value/amount
planning/budget/amount/currency OR tender/value/currency
awards/value/amount
awards/value/currency
contracts/value/amount
contracts/value/currency
contracts/implementation/transactions/value/amount
contracts/implementation/transactions/value/currency
Average total value overrun across all contracts with overruns
69
U068Value for MoneyTotal percent savings (difference between budget and contract value)- Budget value
- Contract value
A higher total percent savings may indicate better value for money. Value for money is strengthened when procuring entity can buy a required quality good/service for a lower price and thus generate savings. Generally, the higher competition, the lower price, and the higher value for moneyocid
planning/budget/amount/amount
planning/budget/amount/currency
contracts/value/amount
contracts/value/currency
Difference between budget value and contract value / Budget value
70
U069Value for MoneyTotal percent savings (difference between tender value estimate and contract value)- Tender value
- Contract value
A higher total percent savings may indicate better value for money. Value for money is strengthened when procuring entity can buy a required quality good/service for a lower price and thus generate savings. Generally, the higher competition, the lower price, and the higher value for moneyocid
tender/value/amount
tender/value/currency
contracts/value/amount
contracts/value/currency
Difference between tender value and contract value / tender value
71
U070Value for MoneyPercent of contracts completed on time - Contract end date
- Date of contract status change
A higher share of contracts completed on time can be an indicator of good value for money, as the goods and services specified are fully delivered by the original end date of the contract. In some contexts, one can calculate this indicator through analyzing the date of contract status change and the change history of releases. With OCDS, one way to calculate this indicator is a count of contracts whose contract status is "terminated" before the contracts/period/endDate over a count of all contracts that have been "terminated".contracts/id
contracts/period/endDate
contracts/status
Count of contracts completed on time / all contracts
72
U071Value for MoneyShare of contracts whose milestones are completed on time- Contract milestones
- Contract milestones deadlines
- Contract milestones met date
A higher share of contracts with milestones completed on time can be an indicator of good value for money, as the goods and services specified are fully delivered by the original end date of the contract. In some contexts, one can calculate this indicator through analyzing the date of contract status change and the change history of releases.contracts/id
contracts/implementation/milestones/dueDate
contracts/implementation/milestones/dateMet
Count of contracts with milestones completed on time / all contracts
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100