8. Terms used in Animal Science - FYI
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1Artificial InseminationIntroduction of semen into the uterus or oviduct by non-natural means; refered to as AI
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2BarrowA male castrated before sexual maturity
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3BeefThe meat from mature bovines that are generally more than 12 months of age
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4BoarA male pig which has not been castrated.
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5Bos IndicusBeef cattle with Brahman influence
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6Bos TaurusBeef cattle known as European or British
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7BovineCattle
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8Buck Male goat
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9BullAn uncastrated male bovine. A market term for a male bovine at sexual maturity
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10BullockA young (under approximately 24 months of age) male bovine castrated or not castrated, that has begun to develop the secondary physical characteristics of a bull that is detined for slaugther.
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11ByproductProduct remaining after the animal carcass has been processed
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12CabritoMeat from a young goat
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13CalfA young bovine animal of either sex. May be referred to as a heifer calf or bull calf
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14ChevonMeat from a mature goat
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15Colostrum Milk secreted for a few days after parturition and characterized by high protein and antibody content
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16ColtA young male horse under 4 years of age
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17ConceptionProcess of becoming pregnant involving fertilization
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18CowA mature female bovine. A market term for designating a female bovine which has produced a calf.
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19DoeFemale goat
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20EquineHorses
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21EweA female sheep of any age.
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22FillyA young immature female horse
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23FoalThe unweaned young of the horse
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24GeldingCastrated male horse
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25GestationPregnancy
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26GiltA name for a young female pig unitl it produces it first offspring, when it becomes a Sow
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27HeiferThe young female of the cattle species usually applies to the female that has not yet had a calf.
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28HothouseVery young lambs, usually less than three months of age at slaughter. They are generally born and marketed out of season to reach the market during the holiday periods from Christmas to Easter at weights from 30 to 60 pounds.
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29LambA young ovine animal of either sex.
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30LambThe meat from lambs or young sheep up to about one year of age that show a normal break joint.
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31LanolinWool grease especially when refined for use in ointment and sosmetics
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32MareA mature female horse
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33MuttonThe meat from any mature ovine carcass that fails to show a normal break joint on front foreleg. Mutton carcasses display a spool joint.
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34OvineSheep
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35Pig or PigletA small and/or young animal of either sex
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36PorcineSwine
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37PorkThe meat associated with all ages of hog carcasses. The pork carcass is unusual in the respect that certain parts of the carcass produce well-known names of meat such as ham, bacon and lard.
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38RamA male sheep which has not been castrated usually used for breeding.
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39ReproductionProcess of giving rise to offspring; required for species to survive
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40RuminantAnimals with a four-compartment stomach
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41ShoatAn animal of either sex between weaning and market age
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42SowA female swine, usually one that shows evidence of having produced pigs or one obviously pregnant.
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43SpringNew crop lambs, three to seven months of age, arriving on the market in the spring at 80 to 120 pounds and marketed prior to July 1st.
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44StagA male that has been castrated after puberty.
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45StagA male castrated after reaching sexual maturity which shows pronounced sexual development.
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46StallionA male horse used for breeding purposes
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47SteerA male bovine animal castrated before reaching puberty.
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48VealThe meat from very young calves. Veal is lighter in color that beef and is generally considered to come a bovine less than 3 months of age.
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49WetherA male sheep castrated before it reaches maturity or develops male characteristics.
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50YearlingAn animal between one and two years of age. This term is also used with cattle and sheep.
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