Published 2015 - The Polyculture Market Garden Study
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Tasks in Chronological Order
Tasks in Chronological Order
Tasks in Chronological Order
Tasks in Chronological Order
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Tasks Soil Sampling Ground ClearancePropagation Soil Prep
Soil Testing Establishing Paths
Comfrey beds
Propagation Planting Biomass Patch
Tractor - Land Preparation Establishing Paths
Polyculture Garden
Spring Fertilising Spring Fertilising Propagation Mulching Squash Nests Support Stakes - Beans Support Stakes - Tomatoes PropagationIrrigating SeedsPreparing Tom Transplants Planting Tomatoes Observation - Re Sowing Beans Mulching with Grass Cuttings Planting out support species Pricking out Aubergines /ChillisIrrigating Resown BeansWeeding 1 Tying and Pinching Tomatoes
1
2
3
4
5
Preparing Liquid Fert
1
2
Planting Basil/Weeding 2Mowing edges of Beds Comfert Application - Tomatoes Weeding the Comfrey Patch Comfert Application - Weak plants Mowing edges of Beds Wedding 2
Soil Testing Basil Nests RepairComfert application to all Toms and Basil Irrigation Harvest - Beans and Squash Weeding 3
Mowing edges of Beds
Squash harvest
Harvest - Beans and Squash Harvest - Beans and Squash Harvest - Beans and Squash Harvest -Tomatoes Basil Beans and Squash for Market Garden Harvest -Tomatoes Basil Beans and Squash for Market Garden Weeding Mowing edges of Beds
Squash harvest
Harvest - Tomatoes and CourgetteWeeding Biomass Patch Applying Comfert to Toms and Basil Harvest - Toms, Courgette and Beans Mowing edges of Beds Harvest - Toms, Courgette and Beans Harvest - Beans - Courgette and cracked toms Harvest - Beans - Courgette and cracked toms Harvest - Beans - Courgette and Good toms Harvesting
Preparation time for Hran Koop Mowing edges of Beds Autumn
Chop and Drop
Last Harvest
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Category FertilitySite Prep Propagation Site Prep FertilitySite Prep Propagation FertilitySite Prep Site Prep FertilityFertilityPropagation Bed Set upBed Set upBed Set upBed Set upPropagation Irrigation Planting Planting Observation FertilityPlanting Propagation Irrigation Weeding Tomato Care FertilityPlanting Mowing FertilityWeeding FertilityMowing Weeding Analysis Planting FertilityIrrigation Harvesting Weeding Mowing Harvesting Harvesting Harvesting Harvesting Harvesting Weeding Mowing Harvesting Weeding FertilityHarvesting Mowing Harvesting Harvesting Harvesting Harvesting Harvesting Mowing FertilityHarvesting
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Date 01.11.1402.02.1503.03.1524.03.1524.03.1525.03.1526.03.1531.03.1530.03.152.04.1509.04.1510.04.1511.04.1515.04.1517.04.1520.04.1522.04.1524.04.1517.04 - 5.5.155.5.15 - 10.5.1511.05.1514.05.1513.05.1522.05.1522.05.1522.05.1502.06.15 - 03.08.1502.06.15
29.07.15
27.05
05.06
15.0615.0616.0616.0629.0630.061.072.074.076.07
21.07
29.07
8.08
15.08
3.09
14.0714-16.0716.0720.0722.0727.0731.0718.0703-06.0816.0824.0824.0826.0831.083.097.0914.0921.0928.095.10 - 19.10June - October 26/10/201526/10/201526/10/2015
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Task Description Eight Soil samples taken throughout the cultivation area, mixed
,labeled clearly and sent to the lab for analysis.
Removed Prunus spp. saplings from the polypatch. Used larger saplings laid vertically to reinforce brush fencing and planted smaller saplings with good root systems into living hedge Tomato and Basil seeds sown inside and labelled
Medium prepared sand and worm casting 50/50. watered and added to database
Clearing grass cover from Biomass Patch. Digging out deep rooted perennials, Clearing pathsFive soil samples taken randomly across the site with an apple corer to a depth of 5cm. Mixed, bagged up and sent to Vitalia for analysis along with a sample of vermi compost. Pegging out beds and paths,
Shovelling out of 50 cm wide pathways heaping soil from paths onto bed. Forking over area to loosen soil and adding manure onto beds
Applying approx 1m3 of partially decomposed Sheep's manure to surface of beds
Setting up 2 x Mini Polytunnels
1.2m wide
3m long
50 cm high
40 L of compost raked into beds
Planting out Biomass Patch
Sowing Medicago sativa
Planting Comfrey 1 beds 1.2m x 10m =24m2 - 43 plants per bed
Planting Caragana arborescens
Tractor - Mouldboard ploughed , Cultivated , Rotary Tilled Polyculture Garden
three separate operations carried out over 3 days taking approx 20 mins per visit. Cost 50BGN
Following the Tractor Prep the area was pegged out and divided into 32 x 1.2m beds with pathways crossing , dividing and surrounding the beds. The top 10 cm of soil from pathways was shovelled onto the adjacent beds thereby creating a slight raised bed. Wood Ash applied to surface and lightly forked in.

70g per m length
x 70g = 1.610 kg per Acea
x 6 beds = 9.660 ash
1 Blue Bucket = 3 Beds
Filling bucket from van, emptying on bed and raking over the bed evenly. 1 Bucket of vermi compost for every 2m length of bed - See below for weight Planting out Tomatoes seedlings and Basil- 40 - 45 of each cv. T9 ,8,7,3,2 and tagetes.
planted around 10-15cm apart 7 rows with 5 plants per row and basil planted in between. Divided cvs. with wooden dividers and labelled well.
Covered polytunnel with thick rug for the night and shade cloth for first day in the sun.
Watered well
Laying straw mulch on beds at a rate of half a bale per m2 Pacing out area for sowing the squash, pulling back mulch and adding 500 ml of sowing medium to each nest
Sowing squash and watering
Making holes with iron rod , erecting tripod tying up , making nest for seeds , sowing and watering in.Sharpening stakes
Making holes
Sledgehammer
Sowing Chillis and Aubergine seeds Watering the seedlings
Path edges
Sunflowers
Alfalfa
Digging up transplants form polytunnels
Care should be taken to not damage roots and basil plants sown in between the rows.
Forking over ground to loosen surrounding soil for the transplant
Adding one hand trowel of vermicompost in hole and 1 as top dressing
Firm in and create slight dish for water retention
Water
Mulch area
Checking seed nests for germination success of squash and beans. Bean germination rate below 50% - Resown all beds without germination. Mulch pulled back to expose soil Emptying Lawn Bags onto Aceaes Planting out tagetes, calendula
2 People make nests
2 People add vermicompost
4 people planting
4 People watering
4 people covering nests


Pricking out Aubergine and Chilli seedlings Watering bean nests that were resown on the 11thweeding young weeds from the bed. Tying the tomatoes and picking out
add this task further back along the timeline
Cutting Comfrey Nettles and Yarrow to ground level
Further cutting plant material into 5cm pieces
packing into a 150L barrel
Filling with water
Open mulch
fork over soil
Plant Basil
Add top dressing 70g humanure
Water in
Mower set on lowest cut driven on the left side on the way up, sides cut on the turnaround and driven on the right side on the way down. The mower bag is full after each path. 1 bag is emptied on each bed. Mixing 1L of brew with 6L of water
Applying 500ml of Comfert to every other tomato plant starting on the N.E corner of each bed.
chop and dropping weeds in the comfrey patch Mixing 1L of brew with 6L of water
Applying 500ml of Comfert to every other tomato plant starting on the N.E corner of each bed.
Mower set on lowest cut driven on the left side on the way up, sides cut on the turnaround and driven on the right side on the way down. The mower bag is full after each path. 1 bag is emptied on each bed. Removing weeds from within polyculturesFive soil samples taken randomly across the site with an apple corer to a depth of 5cm. Mixed, bagged up and sent to Vitalia and Birgit for analysis along with a sample of vermi compost. repair basil nests next to the edge of the beds - 4 people/6 beds/ 37,5 min/ no restMixing 1L of brew with 6L of water
Applying 500ml of Comfert to every plant.
4 people with watering cans filling from the pond . Approx 4 plants per watering can

approx 1880L per irrigation session
Picking beans and squash throughout vegetable beds Removing weeds from within polyculturesMower set on lowest cut driven on the left side on the way up, sides cut on the turnaround and driven on the right side on the way down. The mower bag is full after each path. 1 bag is emptied on each bed.
Squash harvested whilst emptying bags
Picking beans and squash throughout vegetable beds picking beans and courgettes picking beans and courgettes cutting basil right back
cutting basil right back
Picking split toms
Picking beans
Removing weeds from within polyculturesMower set on lowest cut driven on the left side on the way up, sides cut on the turnaround and driven on the right side on the way down. The mower bag is full after each path. 1 bag is emptied on each bed.
Squash harvested whilst emptying bags
Harvesting toms, tying some of the tomatoes to stakes cutting back comfrey to fresh growth , cutting down surrounding leaves and applying material as mulch applying 1L comfert to 6L water and watering basil and tomato Harvesting toms, tying some of the tomatoes to stakes Mower set on lowest cut driven on the left side on the way up, sides cut on the turnaround and driven on the right side on the way down. The mower bag is full after each path. 1 bag is emptied on each bed. Harvesting tomatoes, beans and squashCracked toms squash and beans Cracked toms squash and beans Picked beans and courgette in the rain Picking beans and ting 2 hrs per week Mower set on lowest cut driven on the left side on the way up, sides cut on the turnaround and driven on the right side on the way down. The mower bag is full after each path. 1 bag is emptied on each bed. chop and dropped crops and packed away beanpole for the winterHarvested last of crops, green tomatoes and beans green and dried.
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Notes pH reading is the most important measure at this stage (see results in folder) Brought a number of plants back with me for rootstocks 80cm x 45cm x 20cm tub filled with seedling medium is a sufficient space to start tomatoes and basil for the garden
AFTER SEEDLINGS HAVE EMERGED MEASURE QUANTITY OF MEDIUM
1m x 1m area was marked. Two people cleared the area, one with a mattock to separate the grass turf from the soil the other with a shovel to remove the turf. The turfs were piled onto a tarp and deposited for composting at a later date. Soil analysis carried out in exchange for plants
Delivery costs for plants and samples have been included as costs
1m x1m area cleared by two people using a spade to loosen soil and a shovel to remove it Time taken to record setup of one polytunnel in My garden and multiplied by two Planting Comfrey patch, 2 people 67 minutes 10m bed
x 2 beds = 134 mins - 43 plants
Sowing Medicago sativa = 5mins
Planting Caragana arborescens = 10mins
Vegetation broken down and buried, rhizomatous grasses don't seem to be a major presence in the garden, some local mint species may be a problem on the Northern edge of the garden, suckering trees from the North. Two Records were taken for establishing the paths
1. Novice- 2 novices working together to clear the paths - 69 mins
2. Experienced - 1 experienced person clearing the soil with a shovel - 31 mins
Average time was taken 50 mins
Average time for establishing a path is 2 mins, 10 secs
Fiskar Shovel = 70g per shovel
1 Fiskar shovel per m2
empty bucket weighs 670g
full bucket = 13kg
12.33 kg for every 2m length of bed
6.165kg for every 1m length of bed
x 23m = 141.795kg per bed = 850.77kg of vermicompost for polyculture beds
3 people 17 mins
10L per m2
Timed how long it took to plant 40 basil and 45 toms and label and x by quantity planted.
Workout time per plant and multiply for average.
Still need to record Daily cloche observations and management
Half a bale per m2 length was applied .11.5 bales per bed = 69 Bales in total 500ml per nest was calculated
Making nest 9 minutes
sowing and watering 6 minutes per bed
Making holes in bed 31mins
Setting up tripod 32 mins
Making nest and filling with 500ml of sowing medium at base of tripods including filling bucket 35mins
Sowing beans and watering 14mins
Total 112mins per bed
Sharpening stakes - 15mins for 10 stakes -
1hr 7.5minutes per bed
Making holes with iron rod (42.50 mins) per bed
Sledgehammer - 19 minutes
Time to get them on site not included Changed the planting arrangement based on the quantities of Toms and have made it every Northern row as a separate cultivar with the Southern Row on each bed mixed. This way we can measure the yields of the various cultivars using the N side of each row. The exception is T10 which will planted solely on the S side of L (Lamiaceae)

Rows are planted out as follows

A-T1 -Mixed saved seed from 2014 CTB beds
B-T8 -Black Krim
C-T9 -Marglobe
F-T7 -Alicante
L-T3 -F1 Paulina and T10 - Mortgage Lifter on south side
S-T2 -Crimson Cushion Beefsteak
Time not recorded exactly but i'd estimated to be 10 minutes per bed with 2 people one sowing one watering and 5 people undertaking the initial observation 2 lawn bags per beds from the spring lawn cutting. Dandelion seeds may be a problem but other than that no plants appear to have mature seeds.Timed how long it takes to plant one and multiplied by number of plants
30 Tagetes - Day 1
65 Tagetes and Calendula mixed Day 2
95 =
2 people each side starting from opposite sides of the bed.time this in the near future and multiply x 3 to account for the previous types estimated to take around 80 minutes Based on Tomato planting time6 Lawn mower bags of clippings are applied to the beds 6 Lawn mower bags of clippings are applied to the beds 4 people - removing rhizomatous weeds and composting
Chop and dropping other weeds
Soil analysis carried out in exchange for plants
Delivery costs for plants and samples have been included as costs
4 people 6 bedsComfert on Tomato and Basil
3 people 3 beds - 21 minutes
/ results by 3 x 6
18 mins per ped x 6
25 mins for 2 beds x 3
4 people picking from all the beds 4 people - removing rhizomatous weeds and composting
Chop and dropping other weeds
6 Lawn mower bags of clippings are applied to the beds 4 people picking from all the beds 6 people picking from all the beds 2 people picking 3 people picking 3 people picking 4 people - removing rhizomatous weeds and composting
Chop and dropping other weeds
6 Lawn mower bags of clippings are applied to the beds 3 people 6 Lawn mower bags of clippings are applied to the beds 6 Lawn mower bags of clippings are applied to the beds One person chopping tomatoes , beans and squash growth into small pieces and spreading on surface and harvestingPicking beans
Picking green toms
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Based on how many people 12 people3 people 2 people 4 people 2 people people doing tasks individually 211 person 4 people51 person 4 people 4 people 1 person 4 people 4 people4 people 4 people1 person 2 people 22 people 1 person 3 people4 people - 6 beds
4 people - 6 beds
41 person 462221 person 33321 person 32 people 2 people 2 people 1 person 1person 1 person 12
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Inputs for Unit Strong plastic bag Seddling medium
Seedling Tray
Seeds
Water
Thermostat heater

2 people
Zip Plastic Bag
Apple corer
4 people 7 x Plastic rods
2 x Plastic 3m x 4.5m
80L of Sieved compost
Stone weights and 3m plank to weigh down nylon
Shovels
Spades
9.66kg of ash 850.77kg Vermicompost
1650L
watering can
tomato seedlings
Basil seedlings
69 Straw Bales 24L of sowing medium
50% Sand 50% Vermicompost
Iron rod
Bucket
String
scissors
Loppers
Saw
Stakes
135l of sowing medium
Sledgehammer
Stakes
Iron Rod
Ladders
Axe
Splitting log
Seed trays
seeding mix
Seeds
Hand trowel
Bucket
Hand trowel
Watering can
Bucket
140g vermicompost per plant
more seedLawn mower with clippings bag 65 Plants
140g per plants of vermicompost
ties Secateurs
Loppers
Axe and Block
150L Tub
Water
Hand trowel
Vermicompost
Watering can
Bucket
140g vermicompost per plant
46cm wide cut petrol mower with bag
approx .5 tank of fuel.
Approx. 10L per bed Approx. 10L per bed 46cm wide cut petrol mower with bag
approx .5 tank of fuel.
Zip Plastic Bag
Apple corer
4 watering cans and buckets
5640 L of water
46cm wide cut petrol mower with bag
approx .5 tank of fuel.
46cm wide cut petrol mower with bag
approx .5 tank of fuel.
46cm wide cut petrol mower with bag
approx .5 tank of fuel.
46cm wide cut petrol mower with bag
approx .5 tank of fuel.
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Costs (BGN)26
tray
bottom heater
LED grow lamp
044020.54.5 - C. arborescens
1.80 - T. repens
1 - M. sativa
5000350BGN for 1000kg seed packs fuel to collect bales
10 BGN
Aubergine seed pack
Chilli saved seed
fuel costs fuel costs 25fuel costs fuel costs fuel costs fuel costs
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Time 20150mins 57 mins
5mins /m2 4mins 4hrs
2hr
30mins
149 mins 2mins 10 secs /m length20 minutes per bed 17 mins per bed 34 minutes 17 secs per 45 plants 15 minutes per bed 112 minutes per bed 129 minutes per bed 10 minutes 45 minutes31 minutes per bed 60 minutes 3 mins per bed
58 seconds per plant
104 plants
+ 10% failed plants
27mins per bed 7 mins per bed 60 mins
60 mins
31 minutes per bed 4 minutes per bed 21 mins for the all beds 21 mins for the all beds 4 minutes per bed 120 minutes 6 beds 4mins 37.5 mins7 mins per bed62 mins
108 mins
75 mins
102 mins
108 mins
103 mins
24mins 120 minutes 6 beds 32 mins 6 beds 25mins 26 mins 45 mins60mins 60mins 120 minutes 6 beds 32 mins 6 beds 60 mins 90mins 59 mins 32 mins 4 minutes per bed 51 mins60 mins 60 mins 60 mins 1801204 minutes per bed 37 mins per bed 15 mins per bed
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Extrapolation 2 mins/day daily observation and watering
03.03 - 13.04
5 mins/day daily observation
10 minutes biweekly watering
183 m of path length total number of plants
or time per m2
90mins45186 mins18mins 110 minutes 30 minutes 20 mins 162 mins 252186 mins24 mins 21602124 mins 120437.54224120322526456060120326090593224 mins 5160606018024 mins 3715
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Total time
Rounded up to the nearest mimute
2015012915042401501493039712010221018090672774106045186601811030201622521201862421602124120437.542587241203225264560601203260905932245160606018019202422290
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Total Time per Category Site Prep Total 937
15
FertilityTotal713
16
Planting Total 564.5
17
Set upTotal1716
18
Weeding Total552
19
Tomato Care Total 252
20
Mowing Total 144
21
Irrigation Total 667
22
Propagation Total529
23
Harvesting Total1112
24
Preparing for MarketTotal 1920
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Management
Yield Records
Crop List
Input- Outputs
Expenditure
Physical Soil Test Card
Order of Works Calender
Planting List
Tomato Cultivars
Cracking of Tomato Cultivars
Other Info
March - Soil Microbiology
July - Soil Microbiology