Library Linked Data - Environmental scan (LD4P-CM)
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The purpose of this page is to track Linked Data projects that may inform or complement the work of the Linked Data for Libraries Cartographic Materials project
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Useful for:
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Project / ResourceLocationResource TypeReviewed byOntologyVocabularyModelingCommunityLD InteractivityShort descriptionNotes
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Library Linked Data : Early Activity and Development - Erik T. Mitchell (Jan. 2016)https://journals.ala.org/ltr/issue/download/534/290articleMarcoverview of several library linked data projects
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Linked Data for Libraries (2014-2016 project)https://wiki.duraspace.org/pages/viewpage.action?pageId=41354028projectxxx
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Linked Data for Libraries Production : Columbia (Art Objects)https://wiki.cul.columbia.edu/display/CBT/Columbia+BIBFRAME+Test+Homeproject
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BIBFLOW (UC Davis and Zepheria)https://www.lib.ucdavis.edu/bibflow/projectL.RatliffyesA two-year project of the UC Davis University Library and Zepheira to research library technical services workflows and develop a "roadmap" to adapt them to future technologies, based on library and user needs.Workflow Analysis: https://www.lib.ucdavis.edu/bibflow/category/workflow-2/ . Workflow for Original cataloging a print map using OCLC Connexion: https://www.lib.ucdavis.edu/bibflow/original-cataloging-a-print-map-using-oclc-connexion-client/
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BIBFRAME at University of Illinoishttp://sif.library.illinois.edu/bibframe/project
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LibHub (Zepheira)http://www.libhub.org/project
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BU/Zepheira LDhttp://zepheira.com/news/boston-university-libraries-choose-zepheira-to-convert-catalog-to-linked-data-opening-it-to-the-web/projectLD descriptions: http://link.bu.edu/
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DPLAhttp://dp.la/info/developers/map/projectL. RatliffyesyesyesyesThe DPLA metadata application profile (DPLA MAP) is built in JSON-LD. It describes entities and the relationships between them. The description of entities is contained in classes. Each of these classes contains a list of possible properties based on existing metadata element sets such as Dublin Core and the Europeana Data Model, as well as some locally defined elements. Natively, DPLA MAPv4.0 metadata is stored as RDF triples. [From: http://dp.la/info/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/Intro_to_DPLA_metadata_model.pdf ]http://dp.la/info/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/Intro_to_DPLA_metadata_model.pdf
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Europeanahttp://labs.europeana.eu/api/linked-open-data-introductionprojectCraigyesyesyesEuropeana is the EU's cultural heritage digital library. Contributions from more than 3000 European cultural heritage organizations. Launched in 2008. It follows a decentralized administrative model (digital objects reside on servers at home institutions; home institutions responsible for digitizing and providing metadata according to EDM (European Data Model), which offers a common, interoperable data standard. Europeana governing body based in the Netherlands. EDM has largely replaced the former metadata standard, ESE (Europeana Semantic Elements). http://www.europeana.eu/portal/ (public portal) http://pro.europeana.eu/files/Europeana_Professional/Share_your_data/Technical_requirements/EDM_Documentation//EDM_Factsheet.pdf (brief factsheet) http://labs.europeana.eu/api/linked-open-data-data-structure (good walk through of the data model) http://labs.europeana.eu/api/linked-open-data-introduction
(datasets that have been transformed to linked data and available for query via Sparql) europeana.ontotext.com/sparql/queries (Sparql endpoint) http://pro.europeana.eu/files/Europeana_Professional/Share_your_data/Technical_requirements/EDM_Documentation//EDM_Primer_130714.pdf (basic primer on the conceptual model of EDM) http://pro.europeana.eu/files/Europeana_Professional/Share_your_data/Technical_requirements/EDM_Documentation//EDM_Definition_v5.2.7_042016.pdf (EDM ontology) http://pro.europeana.eu/files/Europeana_Professional/Share_your_data/Technical_requirements/EDM_Documentation/EDM_Mapping_Guidelines_v2.3_042016.pdf (data mapping guidelines) https://github.com/europeana/corelib/wiki/EDMObjectTemplatesProviders (see section on edm:Place)
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GeoConcernshttps://github.com/projecthydra-labs/geo_concernsprojectKimyesyesyesGeoConcerns is a plugin for Hydra fro GIS related data which implements models based on the PCDM.
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Hydra GIS Data Modeling Working Grouphttps://wiki.duraspace.org/display/hydra/Hydra+GIS+Data+Modeling+Working+GroupprojectKimyesyesThe Hydra GIS data modeling working group provides common GIS data models for shared tools to: (a) enhance interoperability among Hydra institutions, (b) drive shared approaches to metadata, workflows, and best-practices for managing GIS content in Hydra, (c) provide a starting point, a pathway, for newcomers who want to manage GIS data in Hydra, and (d) promote stewardship of GIS resources in a Hydra repository.
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LinkedGeoDatahttp://linkedgeodata.org/RDFMappingprojectKimyesyesyesDerived ontology from OpenStreetMap (OSM) Data converted to RDF
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Best Practices for Geospatial Metadata Creation for MWDL Cultural Heritage Digital Repository (July 2015)http://mwdl.org/docs/MWDL_Geospatial_Discovery_TF_Final_Report_SUBMITTED.pdfprojectCraig
yes?--one term
yes?yesyesBest practices recommended by the MWDL Geospatial Discovery Task Force (July 2015). Goal to develop a standard format for recording geospatial metadata when describing digital objects contained in the MWDL Cultural Heritage Digital Repository using the Dublin Core property dcterms:spatial. Revisions to the MWDL Dublin Core Application Profile suggested for dcterms:spatial.GIS/Geospatial datasets out of scope of Task Force. Recommendations include: Use dcterms:spatial for records harvested by MWDL to record spatial metadata (highly recommended). Use geonames.org as primary source of controlled vocabulary (not LCSH as recommended in 2011 application profile). Standard metadata array in the order: Place name - URI - coordinates (only place name required as a minimum; others optional but recommended). Place name hierarchy from smallest to largest separated by commas. Semicolons used to separate distinct names. Standardized URI of place name in the form, sws.geonames.org/ with unique control number for LD applications. Example: Boise, Ada County, Idaho, United States, http://sws.geonames.org/5586437/, 43.6135, -116.20345; Pretty Prairie, Reno County, Kansas, United States, http://sws.geonames.org/4277761, 37.78001, -98.01978. Other controlled vocabularies allowed (dc:terms spatial is repeatable). Appendix includes GeoNames instructions; how to navigate and use GeoNames; how to add/edit data. Note that the MWDL Dublin Core Application Profile (2010); suggests LCSH (preferred), Thesaurus of Geographic Names, or USGS as possible standardized vocabularies. In terms of our purposes, their suggestions for recording place names and URIs could be useful as a supplement to LCSH.
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Pleiades Projecthttp://pleiades.stoa.orgprojectL. Ratliffyes?yesyesyesPleiades is a community-built gazetteer and graph of ancient places. It publishes authoritative information about ancient places and spaces.Updated daily: tables summarizing the published locations, names, and places are written to compressed CSV files; information about all mappable places are written to a zipped KML (KMZ); and the latest data for all places, errata, authors, place types, and time periods is available for download in Turtle (Terse RDF Triple Language). Pleiades Plus (also known as Pleiades+) is an experimental machine alignment between Pleiades place resources and content in the GeoNames gazetteer. It pairs Pleiades Uniform Resource Identifiers (URIs) with GeoNames URIs when a given pair seems likely to identify the same place. [From http://pleiades.stoa.org/downloads ]
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Getty TGNhttp://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabularies/tgn/vocabularyL.RatliffyesyesyesStructured vocabulary with a thesaural structure (compliant with ISO and NISO standards for thesaurus construction) which contains names and other information about places. Names may also be in the vernacular language. Provides preferred names/terms and synonyms for places and features. Released also as Linked Open Data. Each place record (“subject”) has a unique numeric ID, with links to the place’s parent or position in the hierarchy, other relationships, geographic coordinates, notes, sources for the data, and place types. [From: “About the TGN” http://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabularies/tgn/about.html]
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GeoNameshttp://www.geonames.org/vocabulary
L.Ratliff
yes?yesyesyesAll GeoNames toponyms have a unique URL with a corresponding RDF web service. Available in OWL. The Features in the GeoNames Semantic Web are interlinked with each other. Depending on applicability the following documents are available for a Feature: children, neighbours, nearby.Many apis are available, including GeoNames full text search (xml and json), postal code search, and others. The Ontology for GeoNames is available in OWL : http://www.geonames.org/ontology/ontology_v3.1.rdf, mappings. [From: http://www.geonames.org/ontology/documentation.html. ]
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FASThttp://fast.oclc.org/searchfast/vocabularyL.RatliffyesyesyesFAST (Faceted Application of Subject Terminology) is an enumerative, faceted subject heading schema derived from the Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH). EXPERIMENTAL. The FAST Linked Data api searches for records and returns results as MARCXML or RDFXML.
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BIBFRAME 2.0https://www.loc.gov/bibframe/
model/vocabulary
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GeoBlacklight to JSON-LDhttps://github.com/geoblacklight/geoblacklight-schema/issues/80
model/vocabulary
KimyesyesPreliminary markup of the GeoBlacklight schema in JSON-LD format.
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FGDChttps://www.fgdc.gov/metadata/geospatial-metadata-standards#csdgm
model/vocabulary
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ISO Geographic Information standards [NOAA training version with some freely available ISO standards documentation/ not the official standard]http://www.ncddc.noaa.gov/metadata-standards/
model/vocabulary
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A place for places (DH 2016 Pre-conference workshop)http://aplace4places.github.io/description.html
model/vocabulary
yesyesyesyes
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DCC / JISC [Digital Curation Centre, Edinburgh]http://www.dcc.ac.uk/resources/metadata-standards/disciplinary/cartographymodel/vocabulary source listL. RatliffIncludes lists of metadata standards, extensions, and use cases mainly in the UK.
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LCSH/LCNAFhttp://id.loc.gov/vocabulary
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VIAF Virtual International Authority Filehttps://viaf.org/vocabulary
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schema.org Map Type Schemahttp://schema.org/Map
model/vocabulary
CraigyesyesyesyesThe goal of Schema.org is to create a common set of schemas/vocabularies for creating structured data on web pages (RDFa) so that their content, data, etc. can be linked to the semantic web. Developed in 2011 by Bing, Google, Yahoo, and Yandex. Also supports Microdata and JSON-LDRelevant classes include Map, Place, GeoCoordinates, GeoCircle, and GeoShape and their relevant properties. Standards used include ISO 3166-1 alpha 2, WGS 84, standard 13-digit Global Location Number, Postal code
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Ontology Summit 2016: “How is SI Viewed in the GeoSciences"
https://s3.amazonaws.com/ontologforum/OntologySummit2016/2016-02-25_GeoSciences/Introduction--GaryBergCross_20160225.pdf
model/vocabulary
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EPSG - Geodetic Parameter Registryhttps://www.epsg-registry.org/vocabularyKimyesyesyesStructured data on Spatial Reference Systems (CRSs and Projections). Each SRS is registered with a numeric code.SRS codes are made available as URIs through the OGC (OpenGIS) service, e.g. http://www.opengis.net/def/crs/EPSG/0/4326
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Geovocab.orghttp://geovocab.org/
model/vocabulary
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Open Context http://opencontext.org
model/vocabulary
Kathy yesyesyesyesyesconnects archaeological datasets to other linked datahttp://opencontext.org/subjects-search/#2/45.0/0.0/6/any/Google-Satellite
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Pelagios Commonshttp://commons.pelagios.org/about
model/vocabulary
Kathy yesyesyesyesyeshttp://commons.pelagios.org/2015/01/what-do-you-do-with-a-million-links/
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PeriodOhttp://perio.do/
model/vocabulary
Kathy yesyesyyya gazetteer of period definitions for linking and visualizing datahttp://perio.do/motivation/
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Outreach to Princeton or MIT? Elliott Jordan (Princeton) and Mike Graves (MIT)
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Open Geospatial Consortium
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Land Maphttp://learningzone.rspsoc.org.uk/index.php/Learning-Materials/Introduction-to-OGC-Standards/4.2-Geospatial-metadata-standards
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Lex Berman - Linked GeoData and the Library presentationhttp://www.fas.harvard.edu/~chgis/work/docs/papers/MIT_DiscoveryToolsSpatial_LexBerman_20140710.pdfPresentation
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