Haplogroup P Tree
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Y-DNA Haplogroup P and its Subclades - 2018
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The entire work is identified by the Version Number and date given on
Main Page.
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Directions for citing the document are listed on
Main Page.
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Version History
Last revision date for this specific page: 1 January 2018
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Because of continuing research, structure of the Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree changes, ISOGG does its best to update it.
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If the differences need clarification or if you find any broken links on this page, then:
Email Ray Banks
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LINKS:Main Page.Listing Criteria
Papers/Presentations Cited
Y-DNA Tree Trunk
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Glossary
SNP Index
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FONT COLORS:
Newly confirmed in 2018 within subclade
Confirmed within subclade
Investigational items
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SYMBOLS:
^ Indicates a next-generation sequencing entry which does not yet meet quality guidelines for minimum number of reads.
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^^ Indicates an entry which does not meet quality guidelines but may be helpful.
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~ Indicates only an approximate location on the tree.
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The criteria for a representative SNP printed in bold for a subclade is: traditional usage, testing done in multiple labs, and/or being found in the area of the chromosome used in recent research studies.
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SNPs listed below in italics (colored black or red) are quality variants from next-generation sequencing reports consistently showing as representing that subgroup.
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Contact Person, Haplogroup P:
Ray Banks
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P or K2b2P295/PF5866/S8, F91/PF5862/V231
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P~ or K2b2~
CTS196/PF5845, CTS216/M1184/PF5846, CTS655/M5586/PF5858, CTS1907/M1204/PF5894/YSC0001257, CTS3135/M1206/PF5898, CTS3358/M1210/PF5900, CTS3446/M1211/PF5902, CTS3697/M1212/PF5904, CTS3736/M1213/PF5905, CTS3775/M1214/PF5906, CTS3813/M1215/PF5491, CTS3861, CTS4944/M1218/PF5909, CTS5418/M1222/PF5912, CTS5673/M1225/PF5497/YSC0001285, CTS5808/M1226/PF5915, CTS5884/M1228/PF5917, CTS6948/M1231/PF5922, CTS7194/M1232/PF5923, CTS7244/M1233/PF5924, CTS7481/M1234/PF5926, CTS7604/M1235/PF5928, CTS7886/M1236/PF5929, CTS8356/M1237/PF5931, CTS8626/M1239/PF5934, CTS9162/L1185/M1241/PF5937, CTS9604/M1244/PF5942, CTS10081/M1249/PF5947, CTS10085/M1250/PF5948, CTS10168/M1149, CTS10348/M1252/PF5950, CTS10454/M1253, CTS10859/M1269, CTS12028/M1272/PF5977, CTS12524/PF5988, CTS12648/M1276/PF5512, F4/M1183/PF5991, F29/L821/M5579/PF5857, F83/M1185/PF5861, F115/M1189/PF5870, F180/M1196/PF5881, F212/M1198/PF5885, F313/M1219, F332/M1224/PF5914, F344/M1227/PF5916, F359/M1229/PF5920, F506/M1243/PF5940, F521/M1247/PF5944, F521/M1247/PF5944, F524/M1248/PF5945, F536/M1251/PF5949, F556/PF5951, F640/M1271/PF5975, F647/M1273/PF5978, F671/M1274/PF5981, F680/M1275/PF5984, F1660/PF5889, FGC285, L82/PF5972, M1109, M1160/PF5958, M1186/PF5864, M1187/PF5865, M1188/PF5869, M1190/PF5871, M1191/Y474, M1192/PF5872, M1193/PF5876, M1194/PF5878, M1195/PF5880, M1197/PF5883, M1199/PF5886, M1207/Y44, M1216/PF5908, M1240/PF5936, M1246/PF5943, M1254/PF6062, M1255/PF5952, M1256/PF5954, M1257/PF5955, M1258/PF6066, M1259/PF5956, M1260/PF5957, M1261/PF5959, M1262/PF5961, M1263/PF5964, M1264, M1265/PF5965, M1267/Y507, PF5481, PF5483, PF5511, PF5867, PF5882, PF5887, PF5888, PF5935, PF5982, PF5985
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P1 or K2b2a
M45/PF5962, F1857/P337/Page83/PF5901, M74/N12/PF5963, P226/PF5879, P228/PF5927, P230/PF5925, P235/PF5946, P237/PF5873, P239/PF5930, P243/PF5874, P244/PF5896, P281/PF5941, P282/PF5932, P283/PF5966, P284
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P1~ or K2b2a~
L138, L268, L405/PF5990, L471/PF5989, L536/PF5860, L721/PF6020, L741/PF5960/YSC0000297, L768/PF5976/YSC0000274, L779/PF5907/YSC0000251, L781/PF5875/YSC0000255
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P2~
B253, Z33760, Z33761, Z33762, Z33763
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Q or K2b2a1
M242, etc
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R or K2b2a2
M207/Page37/UTY2, etc.
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MUTATION INFORMATION AT VERY BOTTOM HERE
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NOTES:
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Identical SNPs that were discovered separately are listed in alphabetical order, not necessarily in the order of discovery, and separated by "/". Examples: M74/N12, P27.1/P207, M207/UTY2, M306/S1.
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Y-DNA haplogroup P, an offshoot of Haplogroup K2b, originated in Central or Eastern Asia some 35,000 years ago. Haplogroup P is best represented by its two immediate subclades, haplogroups Q and R, which expanded to become the dominant haplogroups in, respectively, the Americas and Europe.
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P1-M45 has been found in n. Philippines, India, China (Maks, Ai Cham, Biao, Then, Uygurs, Tibetans, Hans), Taiwan (Pyuma), Indonesia (Batak, Malay, Minangkabau, Kaili, Alor), Iran (Bakhtiari, Arabs) Pakistan (Burushos), Melanesia, Jordan, Croatia, Romania (Szeklers), Scandinavia,
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(It is not clear that all these men were verified negative for the haplogroup Q subgroup).
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P2-B253 was identified in the Philippines (Agtas)
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References:
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Behar et al, Contrasting Patterns of Y Chromosome Variation in Ashkenazi Jewish and Host Non-Jewish European Populations. (pdf) Hum Genet 114:354-365, 2004.
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Behar et al, Genome-Wide Structure of the Jewish People. Nature, 446:238-42, 2010.
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Bortolini et al, Y-Chromosome Evidence for Differing Ancient Demographic Histories in the Americas. American Journal of Human Genetics, 73:524-539, 2003.
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Capelli et al, Population Structure in the Mediterranean Basin: A Y Chromosome Perspective. (pdf) Annals of Human Genetics, 2005.
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Dein et al, The Y Chromosome Landscape of the Philippines: Extensive Heterogeneity and Varying Genetic Affinities of Negrito and Non-Negrito Groups. (abstract) European Journal of Human Genetics, 19:224-30, 2011.
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Deng et al, Evolution and Migration History of the Chinese Population Inferred from the Chinese Y-chromosome Evidence. (pdf) Journal of Human Genetics, 49:339-348, 2004.
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Derenko et al, Contrasting patterns of Y-Chromosome variation in South Siberian populations from Baikal and Altai-Sayan regions, Human Genetics 118: 591-604, 2006.
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Flores et al, Reduced Genetic Structure of the Iberian Peninsula Revealed by Y-chromosome Analysis: Implications for Population Demography. (pdf) European Journal of Human Genetics, 12:855-863, 2004.
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Karafet et al, Improved Phylogenetic Resolution and Rapid Diversification of Y-chromosome Haplogroup K-M526 in Southeast Asia. European Journal of Human Genetics, 1-5, 2014.
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Karafet et al, New Binary Polymorphisms Reshape and Increase Resolution of the Human Y-Chromosomal Haplogroup Tree. Abstract. Genome Research, published online April 2, 2008. Supplementary Material.
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Karmin et al, A Recent Bottleneck of Y chromosome Diversity Coincides with a Global Change in Culture. Genome Research, doi: 10.1101/gr.186684.114, published online March 13, 2015.
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Kayser et al. Reduced Y-Chromosome, but Not Mitochondrial DNA, Diversity in Human Populations from West New Guinea. American Journal of Human Genetics, 72:281-302, 2003.
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Kivisild et al, The Genetic Heritage of the Earliest Settlers Persists in Both Indian Tribal and Caste Populations. (pdf) American Journal of Human Genetics, 72:313-332, 2003.
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Nasidze et al, MtDNA and Y-chromosome Variation in Kurdish Groups. (abstract) Annals of Human Genetics, 69:401-412, 2005.
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Rootsi et al, Phylogenetic Applications of Whole Y-chromosome Sequences and the Near Eastern Origin of Ashkenazi Levites. Nature Communications 4, Article number: 2928, doi:10.1038/ncomms3928, 2013.
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Rozen et al, Remarkably Little Variation in Proteins Encoded by the Y Chromosome's Single-Copy Genes, Implying Effective Purifying Selection. American Journal of Human Genetics. 2009 December 11; 85(6): 923-928.
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Shen et al, Reconstruction of Patrilineages and Matrilineages of Samaritans and other Israeli Populations from Y-Chromosome and Mitochondrial DNA Sequence Variation. (pdf) Human Mutation, 24:248-260, 2004.
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Su et al, Y-chromosome Evidence for a Northward Migration of Modern Humans into Eastern Asia during the Last Ice Age. (pdf) American Journal of Human Genetics, 65:1718-1724, 1999.
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Thangaraj et al, Genetic Affinities of the Andaman Islanders, a Vanishing Human Population. (pdf) Current Biology, 13:86-93, 2003.
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Xue et al, A Spatial Analysis of Genetic Structure of Human Populations in China Reveals Distinct Difference between Maternal and Paternal Lineages. European Journal of Human Genetics, 16:705-17, 2008.
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Additional Resources:
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ISOGG Wiki
- What you need to know about Genetic Genealogy.
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Corrections/Additions made since 1 January 2018:
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None.
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Back to:
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Main Page
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Y-DNA Tree Trunk
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SNP Index
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Papers/Presentations Cited
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Glossary
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Listing Criteria
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Copyright 2018, International Society of Genetic Genealogy. All Rights Reserved.
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MUTATION INFORMATION
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If copying this section just below, choose Paste Special, then Values, otherwise the haplogroup contents will not copy
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NameHaplogroup
Other Names
rs #
Build 37 #
Build 38 #
Mutation info
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P295P or K2b2PF5866; S8rs89553079630318094990T->G
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PF5866P or K2b2P295; S8rs89553079630318094990T->G
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S8P or K2b2
P295; PF5866
rs89553079630318094990T->G
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F91P or K2b2
PF5862; V231
rs7892927
76289007760859G->A
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PF5862P or K2b2F91; V231
rs7892927
76289007760859G->A
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V231P or K2b2F91; PF5862
rs7892927
76289007760859G->A
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CTS196P~ or K2b2~PF584528037172935676C->T
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