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Federal Election Results in Canada
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Click on year for details from Wikipedia
Data below are from a compilation produced by the Library of Parliament dating back to 1867. Details may not match exactly with what one finds on Wikipedia, but we preferred to use a single data set for the whole period.
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LiberalLib. Conservative / PC / CPCSocred / Reform / AllianceLabour / CCF/ NDP BQGreenProgressives / United FarmersPeople's Party of CanadaOther
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YearTotal SeatsMinority / Majority?If Majority, true or false?Gallagher indexResults and commentsTurnoutSeats% of votes% of seatsSeats% of votes% of seatsSeats% of votes% of seatsSeats% of votes% of seatsSeats% of votes% of seatsSeats% of votes% of seatsSeats% of votes% of seatsSeats% of votes% of seatsSeats% of votes% of seats
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1867181MajorityTRUE5.3734% of the popular vote by party is unknown73.18049.044.210150.055.801.00.0
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1872200MajorityFALSE1.4022% of the popular vote by party is unknown70.39749.148.510349.951.501.00.0
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1874206MajorityTRUE10.3921% of the popular vote by party is unknown69.613353.864.67345.435.400.80.0
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1878206MajorityTRUE12.5425% of the popular vote by party is unknown69.16945.133.513753.266.501.70.0
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1882210MajorityTRUE12.7970.37146.633.813953.466.200.00.0
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1887215MajorityTRUE6.3270.19248.942.812350.757.200.40.0
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1891215MajorityTRUE4.6264.49246.442.812352.057.201.60.0
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1896213MajorityFALSE8.92Wrong winner election62.911845.155.48846.341.378.63.3
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1900213MajorityTRUE9.6977.413252.062.08147.438.000.60.0
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1904214MajorityTRUE12.1771.613952.565.07546.935.000.70.0
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1908221MajorityTRUE9.2370.313350.660.28547.038.502.40.0
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1911221MajorityTRUE8.94Majority Conservative under Robert Borden. 70.28647.838.913351.260.210.90.510.10.5
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1917235MajorityTRUE7.11Majority for Robert Borden for the Unionist Party consisting of a coalition of Conservatives and pro-conscription Liberals. This was the last two-party election.758240.134.915357.065.100000000000002.90.0In 1919 the federal Liberals under Mackenzie King passed a policy resolution favouring STV. The Liberals were elected in 1921 and set up the first special all-party committee on electoral reform. However, they did not follow through.
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1921235Minorityn.a.9.48Mackenzie King teetered between a slim Liberal majority and minority situation, but had no difficulty passing key legislation. Progressives took 58 seats in the Prairies and Ontario. 67.711640.749.45030.321.300032.71.30000006121.926.054.32.1
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1925245Minorityn.a.1.31Short-lived Minority government with the support of the Progressives, who held 22 seats with 8.5% of the vote. 66.49940.440.411646.647.300021.80.8000000248.79.842.51.6
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1926245Minorityn.a.7.62Minority Liberal gov with support of 8 Liberal-Progressives included in column Z. 67.711643.647.39146.237.100021.70.8000000236.09.4132.55.3
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1930245MajorityFALSE7.06Majority for the Liberal-Conservatives under RB Bennett. Lots of small parties. United Farmers of Alta took 9 seats with 1.46% of the vote73.59143.937.113749.055.900020.70.8000000123.34.933.11.2In May 1933, King promised PR in Parliament. "If we are ever returned to power a proportional representation measure will be a feature of the Liberal platform and program of legislation." It was also in the Liberal platform in 1935.
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1935245MajorityFALSE22.91Liberal majority with Mackenzie King. New CCF takes 7 seats under J. S. Woodworth with 9.3% while Socreds get 17 seats with 4.1%. 74.217144.469.83929.815.9174.16.978.92.900000010.40.4816.53.3
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1940245MajorityTRUE16.71Oversized, but real majority by Mackenzie King. Various independents and small parties. Socreds and New Democracy ran jointly under the banner of New Democacy (shown here in the column for Social Credit.69.917854.972.73930.615.9102.74.188.53.3000000000103.34.1
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1945245MajorityFALSE8.10Liberal "minority" under Mackenzie King. Multiple independent and small parties also won seats, many of whom were actually Liberals, giving Mackenzie King an effective majority. The 8 "Independent Liberals" has 1.8% of the vote so the vote share of the effective majority was 43.2%.75.312643.251.46727.727.3134.15.32815.711.4000000000109.34.1
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1949262MajorityTRUE20.62Huge Liberal majority under Louis St. Laurent with just over 50% of the vote. Social Credit does relatively well due to geographic concentration.73.819050.172.54129.715.6102.43.81313.45.000000000084.43.1
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1953265MajorityFALSE14.05Oversized Liberal majority under Louis St. Laurent67.517150.064.55131.019.2155.45.72311.38.700000000052.31.9
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1957265Minorityn.a.2.91Short-lived Diefenbaker minority. Wrong winner election. 74.110542.339.611239.042.3196.67.22510.89.400000000041.31.5
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1958265MajorityTRUE21.15Huge Diefenbaker majority 0 biggest majority in Cdn history. CCF takes 8.79.44833.618.120853.778.502.60.089.53.000000000010.60.4
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1962265Minorityn.a.6.43Short-lived Diefenbaker minority. NDP under Tommy Douglas.79.09937.437.411637.343.83011.711.31913.47.200000000010.20.4
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1963265Minorityn.a.7.45First Pearson minority with support of the NDP79.212941.748.79532.935.82411.99.11713.16.400000000000.40.0
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1965265Minorityn.a.10.19Second Pearson minority 74.813140.249.49732.436.6148.45.32117.97.900000000021.10.8
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1968264MajorityFALSE11.58Trudeau majority, defeating Stanfield75.715545.558.77231.427.3145.25.32217.08.300000000010.90.4
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1972264Minorityn.a.6.26Trudeau minority over Stanfield. David Lewis does well for the NDP.76.710938.541.310735.040.5157.65.73117.711.700000000021.20.8
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1974264MajorityFALSE9.86Trudeau majority. 71.014143.253.49535.436.0115.14.21615.46.100000000010.90.4
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1979282Minorityn.a.10.41Short0lived Joe Clark minority. A wrong winner election. NDP does well under Broadbent75.711440.140.413635.948.264.62.12617.99.200000000001.50.0
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1980282MajorityFALSE8.72Trudeau majority. 69.314744.352.110332.536.501.70.03219.811.300000000001.70.0
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1984282MajorityTRUE20.91Last true majority under Mulroney. John Turner does not do well.75.34028.014.221150.074.80003018.810.600000.20.000012.90.4
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1988295MajorityFALSE11.33Conservative majority under Mulroney. NDP does well under Broadbent. Liberals do a bit better. Reform comes on the scene.75.38331.928.116943.057.302.10.04320.414.600000.40.000002.20.0
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1993295MajorityFALSE17.67Liberal Majority under Chrétien. PCs decimated under Kim Campbell. BQ forms Official Opposition after taking 49% of the vote in Quebec. Yet the PCs actually got more votes than the BQ by quite a margin.70.917741.360.0216.00.75218.717.696.93.15413.518.300.20.000003.30.0
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1997301MajorityFALSE13.26Liberal Majority under Chrétien. PCs manage to pull up under Jean Charest.67.015538.551.52018.86.66019.419.92111.07.04410.714.600.40.000011.20.3
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2000301MajorityFALSE13.56Liberal Majority under Chrétien. Big loss for the PCs while Alliance improves its position. 64.117240.857.11212.24.06625.521.9138.54.33810.712.600.80.000001.40.0
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2004308Minorityn.a.9.81Short-lived Liberal Paul Martin Minority; CPC replaces PCs and Alliance (2003) and forms Official opposition.60.913536.743.89929.632.10001915.76.25412.417.504.30.000011.30.3
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2006308Minorityn.a.8.61Short0lived CPC Harper Minority. NDP has half the seats of the BQ with much larger share of the vote64.710330.233.412436.340.30002917.49.45110.516.604.50.000011.10.3
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2008308Minorityn.a.10.09Minority CPC58.87726.325.014337.746.40003718.212.04910.015.916.80.300011.10.3
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2011308MajorityFALSE12.42False CPC majority CPC61.13418.911.016639.653.900010330.633.446.01.313.90.300000.90.0
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2015338MajorityFALSE12.01False Liberal majority68.318439.554.49931.929.30004419.713.0104.73.013.40.300000.80.0
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2019338Minorityn.a.12.1Minority Liberal government 65.815733.146.412134.435.80002415.97.1327.79.536.50.900001.6000.80.0
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Seats if PR, 2019 - from Wilf Day press release116 117572622
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2021338Minorityn.a.13.4Minority Liberal government 62.516032.647.311933.735.20002517.87.4327.69.522.30.600004.9000.90.0
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Average to date
11.65
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Totals after 1917 when the last 2-party election was held
Minorities
14
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Majorities
17
54
--true majorities
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(1940, 1949, 1958 and 1984)
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--false majorities
13
56
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Effective # of seats, 2019
2.79332013
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