PHCF Plants September 2020 Database
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Area/Bed & Steward Common NameFamilyGenusSpeciesCultivarTypePlant #Bloom MonthColorCareUsesBed Photo (summer)Bed Photo (spring)AspectZoneMax size (h x w)Soil typeNotes (diseases, pests, control needed etc)Unsuitable locationPropagationUses
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Street Tree Beds #1 & 2"Upright" English Oak (Focal Trees)Fagaceae (Beech)QuercusQ. roburFastigiata'Columnar Oak2SpringFlowers are insignificant, brownhttps://www.thespruce.com/english-oak-growing-profile-3269330http://hort.ufl.edu/database/documents/pdf/tree_fact_sheets/querobb.pdf
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Street Tree Beds #1 & 2IrisIridaceae (Iris)https://flowerpowerdaily.com/how-to-grow-and-care-for-irises/https://www.researchgate.net/publication/322937447_New_perspectives_on_medicinal_properties_and_uses_of_Iris_sp
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Street Tree Beds #1 & 2Day LilyXanthorrhoeacea (Grass tree)Hemerocallishttps://www.gardeners.com/how-to/growing-daylilies/8104.htmlhttps://ouroneacrefarm.com/2015/07/30/8-reasons-to-grow-daylilies/
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Street Tree Beds #1 (East)Black-eyed SusanAsteraceae (Aster)RudbekiaR. hirtahttps://www.thespruce.com/choosing-and-growing-black-eyed-susan-1402860http://www.bio.brandeis.edu/fieldbio/medicinal_plants/pages/Black_Eyed_Susan.htm
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Street Tree Beds #1 (East)Ornamental KaleBrassicaceaeBrassicaBrassica oleracea var. acephala)Pidgeon pinkhttps://homeguides.sfgate.com/care-ornamental-kale-69663.htmlhttps://www.gardeningknowhow.com/edible/vegetables/kale/ornamental-kale-plants.htm
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Street Tree #2 (West)HeukerellaSaxifragaceae (Rockfoil) HeukerellaH.Alabama Sunrisehttp://www.costafarms.com/plants/heucherella
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Street Tree #2 (West)ColeusLamicaceae (Mint)PlectranthusP. scutellarioideshttps://www.epicgardening.com/coleus/http://tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Plectranthus+scutellarioides
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Street Tree #2 (West)Carpet SedumCrassulaceae (Stonecrop)SedumS. lineareSucculent3-4https://www.thegardenglove.com/garden-trends-how-to-grow-sedums/https://plants.stonegategardens.com/12130006/Plant/10072/Variegated_Carpet_Sedum/
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Sustainable LavenderLamiaceae (Mint)LavandulaShrubhttps://www.sunset.com/garden/flowers-plants/guide-planting-care-harvesting-lavender#:~:text=Lavender%20Care&text=Plant%20lavender%20in%20full%20sun,every%20year%20immediately%20after%20bloom.Leaves, petals and flowering tips - raw. Used as a condiment in salads, soups, stews. The fresh or dried flowers are used as a tea. Fresh flowers used as flavoring in jams, honey, ice-cream and vinegar. Various medicinal uses: an important relaxing herb, having a soothing and relaxing affect upon the nervous system; flowering spikes can be dried and used internally in a tincture; essential oils and can be safely applied direct to the skin as an antiseptic to help heal wounds, burns etc; when oil is rubbed into the temples it can cure a nervous headache; has powerful antiseptic properties that can kill many of the common bacteria such as typhoid, diphtheria, streptococcus and Pneumococcus; very useful in the treatment of burns, sunburn, scalds, bites. essential oil can be used in perfumes and soaps. It can be used as a cleaning product and insect repellent. PhotoPhotodrought tolerant plantLeaves, petals and flowering tips - raw. Used as a condiment in salads, soups, stews. The fresh or dried flowers are used as a tea. Fresh flowers used as flavoring in jams, honey, ice-cream and vinegar. Various medicinal uses: an important relaxing herb, having a soothing and relaxing affect upon the nervous system; flowering spikes can be dried and used internally in a tincture; essential oils and can be safely applied direct to the skin as an antiseptic to help heal wounds, burns etc; when oil is rubbed into the temples it can cure a nervous headache; has powerful antiseptic properties that can kill many of the common bacteria such as typhoid, diphtheria, streptococcus and Pneumococcus; very useful in the treatment of burns, sunburn, scalds, bites. essential oil can be used in perfumes and soaps. It can be used as a cleaning product and insect repellent.
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Sustainable Coral bells / Alum rootSaxifragaceae (Rockfoil) HeucheraPerennialJunehttps://gardenerspath.com/plants/perennial/heuchera/https://ag.tennessee.edu/news/Pages/POM-2019-10.aspx#:~:text=They%20were%20sent%20to%20be,alone%20by%20rabbits%20and%20deer.PhotoPhotoFull sun - partial shade4--9
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Sustainable SedumCrassulaceae (Stonecrop)Sedum"Autumn Joy"PerennialSeptemberDark pinkhttps://homeguides.sfgate.com/trim-back-autumn-joy-sedum-40305.htmllltheblueday.blogspot.com/2015/10/edible-ornamentals-sedum-autumn-joy.htmlPhotoPhotoNative plant
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Sustainable Silver leaf ThymeLamiaceae (Mint)ThymusT. × citriodorus 'Argenteus'Silver QueenPerenniallilac pinkhttps://www.perennials.com/plants/thymus-citriodorus-silver-queen.htmlhttps://www.gardenia.net/plant/thymus-silver-queen#:~:text=Award%2Dwinning%20Thymus%20'Silver%20Queen,ornamental%20value%20in%20the%20garden.&text=Leaves%20make%20a%20flavorful%20tea.PhotoPhoto
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Sustainable New England Aster (aka Michaelmas Daisy)Asteraceae (Aster, Daisy, Sunflower) Symphyotri- chumS. novae angliaePerennialLate summer, early fallrose, lilac, deep purplehttps://www.gardeningknowhow.com/ornamental/flowers/asters/growing-new-england-asters.htm#:~:text=New%20England%20aster%20care%20is%20moderate.,fall%20to%20promote%20vigorous%20specimens.https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/ornamental/flowers/columbine/columbine-flower.htmPhotoPhotoNative plant
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Sustainable Eastern ColumbineRanunculaceae (Buttercup)AquilegiaA. canadensisPerennialredhttps://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=aqca https://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers/plant-of-the-week/aquilegia_canadensis.shtml#:~:text=Native%20Americans%20prepare%20infusions%20from,was%20used%20to%20detect%20bewitchment.PhotoPhotoNative plant
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Sustainable Bee BalmLamiaceae (Mint)MonardaM. didyma"Marhsall's Delight"Perennialseveral / clumpmid-summer- fallBubblegum pinkhttps://www.americanmeadows.com/perennials/bee-balm/how-to-grow-bee-balmaromatic leaves used in Oswego Tea. Contains Thymol, the active ingredient in Listerine and other antiseptic mouthwashesPhotoPhotoNative plantaromatic leaves used in Oswego Tea. Contains Thymol, the active ingredient in Listerine and other antiseptic mouthwashes
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Sustainable Butterfly weedApocynaceae (Dogbane)AsclepiusA. tuberosaPerennialmid-summer- fallOrangehttps://www.thespruce.com/growing-butterfly-weed-in-your-garden-2539531https://altnature.com/gallery/butterflyweed.htmPhotoPhoto
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Sustainable Low bush BlueberryEricaceae (Heath)Vaccinium V. angustifoliumPerennialhttps://extension.unh.edu/resource/growing-fruits-wild-lowbush-blueberries-fact-sheet#:~:text=Care%20of%20Lowbush%20Blueberries,nutrient%20that%20blueberries%20may%20need.https://pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Vaccinium+angustifoliumPhotoPhoto
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PhotoPhoto
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Marcia BedCommon Columbine (Granny's Bonnet)Ranunculaceae (Buttercup) **AquilegiaA. vulgarisPerennialSeveralApril - JulyVarioushttps://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?LatinName=Aquilegia+vulgarisThe plant is potentially poisonous though the toxins are destroyed by heat or by drying. Flowers can be eaten raw and are rich in nectar, making them sweet and delightful. Use in salads or as a
thirst-quenching munch in the garden. The flowers are also used as a tea substitute. The dried and crushed seed is used to kill external body parasites, and kills lice in hair.
PhotoPhotoFull sun - partial shade3-81-3ft x 6-12inWell drained, dry to mediumPowdery mildew, rust, fungal leaf spots. Aphids, leaf miners, and caterpillars. None seem to be much of a problem at PHCF though.Plants will cross pollinate so remove or move crosses if you want to keep a true variety.The plant is potentially poisonous though the toxins are destroyed by heat or by drying. Flowers can be eaten raw and are rich in nectar, making them sweet and delightful. Use in salads or as a
thirst-quenching munch in the garden. The flowers are also used as a tea substitute. The dried and crushed seed is used to kill external body parasites, and kills lice in hair.
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Marcia BedPeonyPeoniaceae (Peony)PaeoniaPerennial1https://www.gardeners.com/how-to/peony-care/8106.htmlThe entire plant is poisonous if taken in large doses. The cooked flowers can be used as a vegetable or to scent tea. The root harvested in the autumn from plants that are at least two years old can be dried and employed in the treatment of convulsions and spasmodic nervous affections such as epilepsy. A tea made from the dried crushed petals of various peony species has been used as a cough remedy, and as a treatment for haemorrhoids and varicose veins. PhotoPhotoThe entire plant is poisonous if taken in large doses. The cooked flowers can be used as a vegetable or to scent tea. The root harvested in the autumn from plants that are at least two years old can be dried and employed in the treatment of convulsions and spasmodic nervous affections such as epilepsy. A tea made from the dried crushed petals of various peony species has been used as a cough remedy, and as a treatment for haemorrhoids and varicose veins.
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Marcia BedJapanese Anemone Ranunculaceae** (Buttercup)AnemoneA. hupensisAugust - frosthttps://www.gardenia.net/guide/how-to-grow-japanese-anemoneshttps://www.gardenista.com/posts/field-guide-japanese-anemones-japanese-anemone-a-hupehensis-windflowers/
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Marcia BedFern Salvia (aka Clary Sage)Lamiaceae (Mint)SalviaS. sclareabiennial2August lavendar with whitehttps://pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Salvia+sclareahttps://pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Salvia+sclarea https://backyardpatch.blogspot.com/2013/06/herb-of-week-clary-sage.html
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Marcia BedBleeding HeartPapaveraceae (Poppy)DicentraD. AlbaPerennialMid-to-late spring, early summerhttps://gardenerspath.com/plants/flowers/grow-bleeding-hearts/
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Marcia BedBlue False IndigoFabaceae (Pea)BaptisiaB. australisPerennialMaybluehttps://wimastergardener.org/article/blue-false-indigo-baptisia-australis/A blue dye is obtained from the plant's leaves & flowers. A poultice of the root is anti-inflammatory and is held in the mouth to treat toothaches.PhotoPhotoFull sun - partial shade3-93-6ft x 1-3ftWell drained, dry to mediumA blue dye is obtained from the plant's leaves & flowers. A poultice of the root is anti-inflammatory and is held in the mouth to treat toothaches.
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Marcia BedCreeping bellflowerCampanulaceae (Harebell)CampanulaC. rapunculoidesPerennialJune-Julyhttps://www.geraniumrozanne.com/learn-how-when-and-where-to-plant-your-campanula/Flowers can be eaten raw or cooked. Young shoot can bee eaten raw or cooked and are very high in vitamin C. PhotoPhotoFull sun - partial shade4-83-4ft x 1.5-2ftWell drained, medium moistureWith its serrated, nettle-like leaves, it looks quite weedy before it flowers so make sure you don't pull it out!Can be split in autumn every 3-4 years. Self seeds.Flowers can be eaten raw or cooked. Young shoot can bee eaten raw or cooked and are very high in vitamin C.
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Marcia BedNettle-leaved bellflowerCampanulaceae (Harebell)Campanulac. tracheliumBiennialSummerpurple/lavenderhttps://www.geraniumrozanne.com/learn-how-when-and-where-to-plant-your-campanula/https://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?taxonid=278830&isprofile=0&PhotoPhoto
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Marcia BedCornish bellflowerCampanulaceae (Harebell)CampanulaC. alliariifoliaPerennialJuly - Septemberwhitehttps://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Campanula+alliariifoliahttps://practicalplants.org/wiki/Campanula_alliariifoliaPhotoPhoto
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Marcia BedWild Ginger (European)Aristolochiaceae (Dutchman's Pipe)AsarumA. europaeumperennial ground coverearly springdeep red purplehttps://www.epicgardening.com/european-ginger/#:~:text=like%20root%20rot.-,Soil,loam%2C%20chalk%2C%20and%20clay.https://pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Asarum+europaeum
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Marcia BedTulipLilliaceae ** (Lily)TulipaBulbhttps://www.americanmeadows.com/flower-bulbs/tulip-flower-bulbs/how-to-grow-tulipshttps://herbsocietyblog.wordpress.com/2018/09/19/a-tiptoe-through-the-tulips/PhotoPhoto
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Marcia BedLarkspurRanunculaceae** (Buttercup)ConsilidaC. ajacishttps://www.gardeningknowhow.com/ornamental/flowers/larkspur/growing-annual-larkspur-plants.htm http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?taxonid=263223PhotoPhoto
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Marcia BedWild VioletsViolaceaeViolaV. sorariaWeed ground cover/under-ground rhizomesblue purplehttps://www.projectgreenva.com/what-s-the-deal-with-wild-violetshttps://extension.psu.edu/underused-native-plants-common-blue-violets Viola soraria is the larval host plant for the Great Spangled FritillaryPhotoPhoto
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Marcia BedGrape HyacinthAsparagaceae (Asparagus)MuscariBulbClusterSpringBluehttps://pss.uvm.edu/ppp/articles/grapehya.htmlhttps://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/h/hyagra42.html#:~:text=%2D%2D%2DMedicinal%20Action%20and%20Uses,and%20apparently%20acts%20like%20Saponin.PhotoPhotoFull sun - part shade4-86-12" x 3-6"Must be well drainedDivide when dormant
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Marcia BedCommon MilkweedApocynaceae (Dogbane)AsclepiasA. syriacaPerennialFewJune— August pink purplishhttps://www.nybg.org/content/uploads/2018/08/EcoQuest_2018_August_MoreInformation.pdfhttps://medium.com/usfws/spreading-milkweed-not-myths-5df8c480912d
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Marcia BedSunchoke/ Jerusalem ArtichokeAsteraceaeHelianthusH. tuberosisHardy perennial, spreading tuberSeveralFallFlower is yellow, tuber skin redhttps://harvesttotable.com/how_to_grow_sunchoke/https://www.motherearthnews.com/organic-gardening/vegetables/growing-jerusalem-artichokes-zmaz10onzraw
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Marcia BedRoseRosaShrub1PhotoPhoto
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Textile & Dye SofiaMirabilis (Focal Plant)Nictaginaceae (Four O'Clock)MirabilisM. jalapaperennial, shrub summer - falldistinguished by more than one color on same plant & colors that changehttps://plantcaretoday.com/mirabilis-jalapa.htmlhttps://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/b692/dd59be629a7645f41346fe3602bd2fd01dcb.pdf
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Textile & Dye SofiaRed Foliated CottonMalvaceae (Mallow)Gossypium G. hirsutumAnnual ornamentalFlowers July, cotton bolls fallRed leaves, stem flowers; bolls whitehttps://homeplaceearth.wordpress.com/tag/red-foliated-cotton/https://www.plantsmap.com/plants/22207
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Textile & Dye SofiaDyer's CoreopsisAsteraceae (Aster, Daisy, Sunflower) CoreopsisC. tinctoriaAnnualManyJuly-August-SeptemberYellow rays with reddish-brown center diskhttps://www.naturesrainbow.co.uk/2016/11/growing-dyers-coreopsis/http://www.wildcolours.co.uk/html/coreopsis.htmlPhotoPhotoFull sun - partial shaden/a2-3ft x 1ftNeutrual phPlant seeds 1/2" deepGather flower heads during growing season for an orange
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Textile & Dye SofiaWoadBrassicaceae (Mustard/Cabbage)IsatisI. tinctoriaBiennial1May for flowers; fall for leaf harvestingsmall yellow flowers, leaves bluish green, fruit blackhttps://www.gardeningknowhow.com/ornamental/flowers/woad-plant/woad-plant-care.htmhttps://localcolordyes.com/growing-woad/ blue indigo PhotoPhotoFull sun - partial shade3-8SeedLeaves can be used to make blue dye
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Textile & Dye SofiaMadderRubiaceae (Coffee, Madder, Bedstraw)RubiaR. tinctorumClimbing, evergreen perennial1end of June flowers; berries JulyPale yellow flowers; green berries July by September berries are blackhttp://www.wildcolours.co.uk/html/madder.htmlA vegetable red dye for leather, wool, cotton and silk; the roots are harvested after two years. http://www.wildcolours.co.uk/html/madder_dye.htmlFull sun - partial shadeshould have something to grow upMature root (~3 years) produces red
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Textile & Dye SofiaCommon milkweedApocynaceae (Dogbane)AsclepiasA. syriacaSelf-seeding https://seed-balls.com/life-cycle-of-milkweedFewJne - Augustpink purplishhttps://www.oardc.ohio-state.edu/weedguide/single_weed.php?id=70#:~:text=Biology%3A,mature%20into%20a%20seed%20pod. Slightly toxicSeed pod as insulation or buoyancy aid, bast fiber from stem http://northcountryfarmer.com/?p=702Vigourous, grows from suckers.DivisionSeed pod as insulation or buoyancy aid, bast fiber from stem
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Textile & Dye SofiaQueen Anne's Lace Wild CarrotApiaceae (Umbelifers - carrot, celery, parsley)DaucusD. carotaBiennialManydull white, pink in bud; dark purple flower at centerhttp://www.flowersociety.org/queen-annes-lace-plant-study.html https://commonsensehome.com/queen-annes-lace/#:~:text=Traditionally%2C%20tea%20made%20from%20the,of%20%E2%80%9Cmorning%20after%E2%80%9D%20pill.SeedUse tops fresh in a dye bath to get green-yellow shades on alum mordanted wool
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Textile & Dye SofiaSoapwort Bouncing BetBrassicaceae (Mustard/Cabbage)SaponariaS. officinalisBetty ArnoldPerennial2July to Septemberlavenderhttps://www.friendsofthewildflowergarden.org/pages/plants/soapwort.html#:~:text=Bouncing%20Bet%20is%20an%20introduced,bulges%20at%20the%20leaf%20nodes. Root is toxic to some animals https://draxe.com/nutrition/soapwort/#:~:text=Saponaria%20plants%2C%20commonly%20called%20soapworts,other%20rashes%20and%20respiratory%20ailments.Full sunleaves and stem for washing/soap
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Textile & Dye BedYuccaAsparagaceae (Asparagus)YuccafilamentosaAdam's NeedlePerennial, evergreen shrub2Blloms mid-summercreamy white flowers,Water regularly and thoroughly until established; then they will tolerate drought. Remove the flower stalks once the flowers have dropped.Leaves for fiberFull sun4-10 2' to 3' with a similar spread. flower stalks: 5' to 8', up to 12'most well-drained soil types. native: dry, sandy soils.DivisionLeaves for fiber
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Textile & Dye SofiaHibiscusMalvaceae (Mallow)Hibiscus
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Textile & Dye SofiaBlack-eyed SusanAsteraceae (Aster,Daisy, Sunflower)RudbeckiaR. hirtaSummerdeep yellow with black centerhttps://www.thespruce.com/choosing-and-growing-black-eyed-susan-1402860
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Textile & Dye SofiaCalifornia PoppyPapaveraceae (Poppy)EschscholziaE. californicaTender perennial ManySpring orange, pink, whiteRequire very little water, good in droughtroots yellow dyeFull sunSeedroots yellow dye
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Textile & Dye SofiaLily of the ValleyAsparagaceae (Asparagus)ConvallariamajalisManyMayDivide if flowers become sparseLeaves for pale green
PhotoPhotoParial shade - full shade3-86-12" x 1-3ftMedium moistureQuite prolific, will spreadDivisionLeaves for pale green
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Textile & Dye SofiaDahlia Crossfield EbonyAsteraceae (Aster, Daisy, Sunflower) Dahlia?"Crossfield Ebony"Tuber1July-August-SeptemberNot hardy in NYC. Tubers must be lifted and stored during winter. Deadhead for more bloomsGather flower heads during growing season for a violet dyePhotoPhotoFull sundid fine, but needs winter storageGather flower heads during growing season for a violet dye
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Textile & Dye SofiaMarigold AsteraceaeTagetesA. lucida and patulaAnnualFewGather leaves and flower heads during the growing season. Use them fresh or dry them to create shades of yellow, gold, beige and brown.PhotoPhotoFull sun - partial shadeworks best if grown indoors firstGather leaves and flower heads during the growing season. Use them fresh or dry them to create shades of yellow, gold, beige and brown.
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Textile & Dye SofiaBlood rootSanguinariaCanedensisPerennial1March to AprilRoot produces redPart shade - full shade too sunny? Root produces red
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Textile & Dye SofiaDahlia GlenplaceDahlia"Glenplace"Tuber1July-August-SeptemberNot hardy in NYC. Tubers must be lifted and stored during winter. Deadhead for more bloomsGather flower heads during growing season for a violet dyePhotoPhotoFull sundid fine, but needs winter storageGather flower heads during growing season for a violet dye
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Textile & Dye SofiaElecampaneInulaheleniumOfficialPerennial
3Roots can be used to make blues and purple dyeFull sun - partial shadeMoistRoots can be used to make blues and purple dye
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Textile & Dye SofiaFlaxLinumusitatissimumAnnual>10
FiberPhotoPhotoFull sun - partial shadeFiber
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Textile & Dye SofiaHollyhockAlcearosea var. nigra"The Watchman"BiennialJuly-August-Septemberdarker flowers give interesting pinkish hues, while lighter blooms give light pink to yellow orange hues. Pick flowers every few days and keep them in a plastic bag in refrigerator for a week or two until you have enough to use for dying.PhotoPhotoFull sunhardy to US zone 25-6ft x 1ftWell composted, not too sandy, fertileGrown from seed, the plant succumbed to rust two years in a rowdarker flowers give interesting pinkish hues, while lighter blooms give light pink to yellow orange hues. Pick flowers every few days and keep them in a plastic bag in refrigerator for a week or two until you have enough to use for dying.
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Textile & Dye SofiaJapanese Indigo
PolygonumtinctoriaAnnuala fewLeaves can be used to make blue dyeFull sunLeaves can be used to make blue dye
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Textile & Dye SofiaSafflowerCarthamustinctoriusZanzibarAnnual3flowers for pinkFull sun - partial shadePoor, dry to mesicflowers for pink
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Textile & Dye SofiaSunflowersHelianthusannus
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Frances' BedHydrangeaHydrangaceae (Hydrangea)HydrangeaH. macrophylaShrub1Hot PinkThe young leaves, even without fermentation, are very sweet and are used to make a sweet tea called 'tea of heaven', it is used in Buddhist ceremonies. The young leaves and shoots are also eaten cookedPhotoPhotoThe young leaves, even without fermentation, are very sweet and are used to make a sweet tea called 'tea of heaven', it is used in Buddhist ceremonies. The young leaves and shoots are also eaten cooked
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Frances' BedCommon Mullein (also Great Mullein)Scrophulari aceae (FIgwort)VerbascumV. thapsusJune - Septemberyellowhttps://www.motherearthliving.com/plant-profile/herb-to-know-mullein-verbascum-thapsus
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Frances' BedDaffodilsAmaryllidaceae (Amaryllis)NarcissusBulbAprilThe chopped root is applied externally as a poultice to abscesses, boils and other skin complaints. PhotoPhotoThe chopped root is applied externally as a poultice to abscesses, boils and other skin complaints.
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Frances' BedRose (species?)Rosaceae (Rose)Rosa?Shrub1PhotoPhoto
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Frances' BedRose (species?)Rosaceae (Rose)Rosa?Shrub1RedPhotoPhoto
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Frances' BedBlack-eyed SusanAsteraceae (Aster, Daisy, Sunflower) RudbeckiahirtaPerennialManyAugustYellow with BlackA yellow dye is obtained from the flowers. An infusion of the roots has been used in the treatment of colds, dropsy and worms in children. A warm infusion of the root has been used as a wash on sores and snake bites. The ooze from the roots has been used as drops to treat earaches.PhotoPhotoA yellow dye is obtained from the flowers. An infusion of the roots has been used in the treatment of colds, dropsy and worms in children. A warm infusion of the root has been used as a wash on sores and snake bites. The ooze from the roots has been used as drops to treat earaches.
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Frances' BedWhite Siberian IrisIridaceae (Iris)IrisI. sibericaWhite DwarfMayWhite
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Frances' BedLily of the ValleyAsparagaceae (Asparagus)ConvallariamajalisBulbManyMayWhiteDivide if flowers become sparsePhotoPhotoParial shade - full shade3-86-12" x 1-3ftMedium moistureQuite prolific, will spreadDivision
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Frances' BedTulipLilliaceae (Lily)TulipaBulb10SpringWhite, orangePhotoPhoto
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Frances' BedHyacinthAsparagaceae (Asparagus)HyacinthusBulb2SpringWhitePhotoPhoto
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Frances' BedGeraniumGeranaceaePelargoniumhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PelargoniumPhotoPhoto
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Frances' BedOldfield CinquefoilRosaceae (Rose)PotentillaP. simplex Michx.ManyPhotoPhotoUncertain on this one. Looks like false strawberry but has 5 leaflets.
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Front box 5 Melissa Rose Rockin' Robin Rosaceae (Rose)Rosa Rockin' Robin ('Wekboroco')Shrub rose1Late Spring/Early SummerWhite w/red stripesBlooms on new growth. Prune early to encourage repeat flowering.PhotoPhoto
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Front box 5 Melissa Bleeding HeartPapaveraceaeLamprocapnos (prev. Dicentra)spectabilis?Rhizomatous herbaceous perennial2MayMagenta/pink, whiteThe plant is potentially poisonous and can also cause skin rashesPhotoPhotoFull sun - (preferably) part shade3-93-6ft x 1-3ftHumusy, medium moisture, neutral to slightly alkalineDivide in early spring of after foliage has died down. Root cuttings in winter. From seeedling (self seeds freely, seedlings can be transplanted in early May)The plant is potentially poisonous and can also cause skin rashes
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Front box 5 Melissa Bleeding HeartPapaveraceae (Poppy)Lampro capnos L.spectabilis"Alba"Rhizomatous herbaceous perennial2MayMagenta/pink, whiteThe plant is potentially poisonous and can also cause skin rashesPhotoPhotoFull sun - (preferably) part shade3-93-6ft x 1-3ftHumusy, medium moisture, neutral to slightly alkalineDivide in early spring of after foliage has died down. Root cuttings in winter.The plant is potentially poisonous and can also cause skin rashes
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Front box 5 Melissa Daffodils (species?)Amaryllidaceae (Amaryllis)NarcissusBulb2 clumpsAprilThe chopped root is applied externally as a poultice to abscesses, boils and other skin complaints. PhotoPhotoThe chopped root is applied externally as a poultice to abscesses, boils and other skin complaints.
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Front box 5 Melissa Globe ThistleAsteraceae (Aster, Daisy, Sunflower)Echinops E. ritroPerennial1SummerDead head to prevent self seedingPhotoPhotoFull sun - partial shade3-91-3ft x 1-3ftPoor, well drainedSow seed in mid spring. Divide in fall or spring
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Front box 5 Melissa Lily of the ValleyAsparagaceae (Asparagus)ConvallariaC. majalisBulbManyMayWhiteDivide if flowers become sparsePhotoPhotoParial shade - full shade3-86-12" x 1-3ftMedium moistureQuite prolific, will spreadDivision
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Front box 5 Melissa False Indigo/ Yellow baptisiaFabaceae (Pea)BaptisiaB. sphaerocarpaBaptisia viridisyellowhttp://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?taxonid=242075
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Front box 5 Melissa False Indigo/ Blue baptisiaFabaceae (Pea)BaptisiaBaptisia australiswhitehttps://www.thespruce.com/how-to-grow-and-care-for-false-indigo-1402900
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Front box 5 Melissa AliumAmaryllidaceae (Amaryllis)AliodeaAlamhttps://willamettebotany.org/amaryllidaceae/
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Front box 5 Melissa Rose 'Purple Heart'Rosaceae (Rose)Rosa "Purple Heart"Floribunda1SummerRed/light pinkPhotoPhoto
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Front box 5 Melissa Siberian Iris 'White'Iridaceae (Iris)IrisI. sibericaWhite Swirl ?DwarfMaywhitehttps://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?taxonid=270493&isprofile=0&
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Front box 5 Melissa CandytuftBrassicaceae (Mustard/Cabbage)Iberis sempervirensCompactwhitehttps://wimastergardener.org/article/blue-false-indigo-baptisia-australis/
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Front box 5 Melissa Vibernum Adoxaceae (Adoxa)VibernumCompact Cranberry
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Front box 5 Melissa Sedum Crassulaceae (Stonecrop)Autumn Joy
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Front box 5 Melissa Peony Paeoniaceae (Peony)PaeoniaPaeonia tenuifolia FernleafSpring ahead of other peonyredhttps://www.gardeningknowhow.com/ornamental/flowers/peony/growing-fernleaf-peonies.htmhttps://practicalselfreliance.com/edible-peony/
90
Front box 5 Melissa ColumbineRanunculaceae (Buttercup)Aquilegia
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Front box 5 Melissa Bell FlowerCampanulaceae (Harebell)Campanula
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Front box 5 Melissa Rose CampionCaryophyllaceae (Carnation/Pink)Lychnis Silene coronaria
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Front box 5 Melissa Creeping JennyPrimulaceae (Primrose)Lysimachia L. nummularia?Possibly all summer.Yellow. Some cultivars don't bloomhttps://www.gardenista.com/posts/gardening-101-creeping-jenny-lysimachia-nummularia-moneywort-plant-growing-guide/
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Front box 5 Melissa Coral bells SaxifragaceaeHeucheraPerennial1PhotoPhotoFull sun - partial shade4--9
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Front box 5 Melissa American BeautyberryLamiaceae (Mint)CallicarpaamericanaShrub1late summer/ fruit OcotberPhotoPhotoFull sun - partial shade6-106'-10' h. x 3'-6ft w.
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Front box 5 Melissa HydrangeaHydrangaceaeHydrangeaShrub1The young leaves, even without fermentation, are very sweet and are used to make a sweet tea called 'tea of heaven', it is used in Buddhist ceremonies. The young leaves and shoots are also eaten cookedPhotoPhotoThe young leaves, even without fermentation, are very sweet and are used to make a sweet tea called 'tea of heaven', it is used in Buddhist ceremonies. The young leaves and shoots are also eaten cooked
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Rock Garden VirginiaCrape Myrtle (Focla Plant)LythraceaeLagerstomiaL. indicatree1late June - fallhot pinkhttps://lakelandyardandgarden.com/blog/49703/how-to-care-for-crape-myrtle
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Rock Garden VirginiaScarlet Firethorn (Focal Plant)Rosaceae (Rose)PyracanthaP. coccineaShrub2Late summer and fallOrange fruithttps://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PYCO2Fruit can be cooked and used for making jellies, marmalade and saucesPhotoPhotoFull sun - partial shade6-96-18ft x 6-18ftWell drainedFireblight and scab can be problems as well as aphids, lacebug and scale.Fruit can be cooked and used for making jellies, marmalade and sauces
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Rock Garden VirginiaBlack poplarSalicaceae (Willow)PopulusP. nigraWeed Treehttp://www.tree-guide.com/black-poplar
100
Rock Garden VirginiaTulipLilliaceae (Lily)TulipaPhotoPhoto
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