IAI Lexicon
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TermDefinition
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ArchitectureDesign of buildings, communities, and environments.
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AccessibilityDesign of information environments to remove barriers that prevent interaction with, or access by people with disabilities.
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Business Value and ROIValue of information architecture in the context of business strategies, goals, and success measurements.
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Card SortingResearch technique in which subject matter experts (SME) or users organize topics into categories that make sense to them.
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Cognitive ScienceStudy of the mental processes involved in perception, learning, memory, and reasoning.
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Content StrategyProcess of planning, creating, maintaining, and governing content.
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Content InventoriesProcess of documenting the entire contents of a website.
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Content ManagementProcesses and technologies that support the collection, management, and publication of information.
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ContextCircumstances under which a user visits and retrieves information from a website.
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Controlled Vocabularies Lists of words and phases that are used to describe and organize (tag) content.
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EcommerceDesign of electronic commerce systems including online shopping, online marketplaces, and business-to-business.
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Faceted ClassificationClassification system that organizes/describes a resource with a systematic combination of characteristics (facets) thereby creating more than one path of access.
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FindabilityEase with which information on a website can be found (both external and internal).
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FolksonomiesUser-generated tags that are applied to a resource in order to describe and increase the findability of it.
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Human Computer InteractionStudy of the interfaces between people and computers.
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IndexingProcesses and technologies that collect, parse, and store data to facilitate information retrieval.
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Information Organization and Categorization
Practice of indexing and classifying information for retrieval.
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Interaction DesignDesign of interactive digital environoments, products, systems, and services.
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IntranetsDesign of digital environments, products, systems, and services on a private network, accessible only to an organization's staff.
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Jobs SkillsSkills relevant to an information architect position.
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Knowledge ManagementProcesses and technologies used for capturing, developing, sharing, and effectively using organizational knowledge. This can include project management software, collaborative software (Slack), portals, or elearning environments.
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Library and Information ScienceJoint practice of library and information science. Library science is the collection, organization, preservation, and dissemination of information resources. Information science is the analysis, collection, classification, manipulation, storage, retrieval, movement, dissemination, and protection of information.
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Metadata and Structured InformationStructuring information to establish a common understanding of the data by users and to make it machine-readable. Metadata is structured information that describes, explains, locates, and facilitates retrieval of an information resource.
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MobileDesign of digital environments, products, systems, and services on a mobile phone/smartphone.
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Navigation and LabelsDesigning for how users browse and move through information on a website.
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OntologiesCollection of terms describing a subject and the relationships that exist between those terms.
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PatternsRepeatable solutions to common problems found in information architecture.
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PersonalizationTailoring an information environment or service to offer users content and experiences specific to their interests, habits, and behaviors.
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PersonasRepresentative user based on research and incorporating user goals, needs, and interests.
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Place-makingEstablishing a sense of place through orientation, legibility, and wayfinding.
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PrototypingEarly example of a product used to test a concept or a process in order to evaluate it.
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Search and Information RetrievalHow search systems are powered by classification schemes, and how users use them to obtain information resources relevant to an information need/search.
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Semantic WebDevelopment of standards to enable data to be linked from a source to any other source and to be machine-readable so computers can perform sophisticated tasks.
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TaxonomiesCollection of terms describing a subject that have a hierarchical arrangement (parent-child).
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ThesauriCollection of preferred terms describing a resource and the corresponding synonyms, antonyms, acronyms, and common misspellings of those terms.
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TheoryPrinciples on which the practice of information architecture is based on.
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UsabilityEase of use and learnability of a website.
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User Experience DesignPractice of enhancing user satisfaction by improving the usability, accessibility, and pleasure provided in the interaction between the user and the product.
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User Interface DesignDesign that strives to make the user's interaction with an interface as simple and efficient as possible.
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User Research and TestingUnderstanding user behavior, needs, and motivations through user testing, observation techniques, task analysis, and other feedback methodologies.
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Visual DesignVisual communication through the use of type, space, image, and color.
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Web Design and DevelopmentDesign and development of a website for the Internet. Both front-end and back-end processes are included in this topic.
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WireframesTechnique of creating visual guides that represent the skeletal framework of a website.
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