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helpy verbymain verbconnectormeaningexample영어 버전notes
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action / descriptivePlease note not all examples are polite / 존댓말Always know what you're saying before you say it!
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(아/어/여) 주다action아/어do ~ for (person)내 숙제 좀 해줘 ㅠㅠDo my homework (for me)...
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(아/어/여) 드리다action아/어do ~ for (person) (humble)어떻게 도와드릴까요?How can I help you today?This is the HUMBLE form, not the honourific. You 드리다 to others, they DO NOT 드리다 to you.
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(아/어/여) 보다action아/어try ~"나~나~나~ 처럼 해봐요~"(try to) Do as I do~"나처럼해봐요" by Orange Caramel
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(아/어/여) 버리다action아/어(do) ~ all the way, "completely ~"죽어버려!!!!!!!!Go to Hell "!!!!!!"It can be a bit rude when used as a command (the example given is extremely rude, just like the English), but pretty common with things like 잊다 and 잃다
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(아/어/여) 먹다action아/어the extreem crude form of 아/어 버리다, like very. stick with 버리다 if you're unsure."애기야 미안해. 엄마가 잊어먹었어""Sorry honey, Mommy forgot."I actually heard someone say this to their child in Korea, #reallife #순혈한국인예문 #whyamiputtingthesehasthags
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(아/어/여) 놓다action아/어do ~ for later (shorter term)숙제 아까 다 해놔서 지금 놀고 있어요I'm just chillin' right now 'cause I did all my homework earlier.
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(아/어/여) 두다action아/어do ~ for later (longer term)마라톤 준비위해 음식을 많이 먹어 뒀어요I stuffed myself to prepare for my marathon.두다 is longer term, and implies that the status of the thing that is 두다'd won't change.
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(아/어/여) 내다action아/어achieve ~난 실험을 성공해냈어My experiment was successful!Has the feeling that you had to put effort into accomplishing what you did.
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하다 / 만들다bothmake (sth) ~국을 너무 짜게 만들었어요.I made the soup too salty.
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시키다N/Ato make (sth) do (sth)상대방을 항복시켰다.I made the enemy surrender.This only works for -하다 verbs! Remove -하다 and replace it with -시키다.
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(아/어/여) 있다descriptive아/어be in the state of ~준비 돼 있어!I'm ready!Another good example for the two of these is "앉고 있다" vs "앉아 있다". "앉고 있다" would literally be as you're in the proess of going from standing to sitting.
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~고 있다actionbe ~ing준비 하고 있어요!I'm getting ready!Whereas "앉아 있다" is what you're doing right now as you read this, nerd.
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~게 되다bothbecome ~, end up ~숙제 하기 싫었지만 결국 하게 됐어요.I didn't want to, but I ended up doing my homework.
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(아/어/여) 지다descriptive아/어change in state날씨가 갑자기 추워졌어요.The weather suddenly got cold.
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~고 말다bothend up ~; "in the end, ~"저는 잠을 자고 말 거예요I'm going to end up sleeping.As opposed to "게 되다" this one would be closer to: "In the end, I ~"or "When it's all said and done, I ~"
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(아/어/여) 가지다both아/어having done ~; after ~;
because ~
제가 노래를 잘 못해가지고 노래방은 가고 싶지 않아요Seeing as I'm not very good at singing I don't want to go to karaoke.~가지고 is more on the side of "아어서" than "(으)니까"Technichally considered a 연결 어미?
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(아/어/여) 갖다both아/어""-->-->Shortened form of above
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(아/어/여) 하다descriptive아/어add onto descriptive verbs for 3rd party actions2 or 3 exmaples for this one
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(아/어/여) 가다
아/어expresses "continuous action" going from the present into the future
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(아/어/여) 오다아/어expresses "continuous action" coming from the past to the present"저는 그렇게 인식이 되어왔습니다""That's how I've come to think of it."
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~ㄹ 리(가) 없다
Often shortened to jsut ~ㄹ리가 or ~ㄹ리가요.
Most commonly: "그럴리가()!"
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