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Solitary Confinement and Mass Incarceration Social Work Curriculum Educational Resource Database
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Compiled by Rachel Frome, MSW, and Moya Atkinson, MSW, Social Workers Against Solitary Confinement (SWASC)
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START HERE: Overview of Resource Database and Index of Keywords and Resource Types
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*Note that links to a small number entries may require a subscription to the source (e.g., a newspapers) or a Google account. We provide the resource for information purposes.
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Title of Educational ResourceAuthorBrief DescriptionYearKeywordsLinkResource TypeContributor
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150 Years Later: Abolition in the 21st CenturyAngela Y DavisThrough activism and scholarship over many decades, Angela Davis has been deeply involved in movements for social justice around the world. Her work as an educator -- both at the university level and in the larger public sphere -- has always emphasized the importance of building communities of struggle for economic, racial, and gender justice. Having helped to popularize the notion of a "prison industrial complex," she now urges her audiences to think seriously about the future possibility of a world without prisons and to help forge a 21st century abolitionist movement.2013abolitionhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q9NAbhbp4colecture
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23/7: Pelican Bay Prison and the Rise of Long-Term Solitary Confinement Keramet ReiterThis book describes how Pelican Bay was created without legislative oversight, in fearful response to 1970s radicals; how easily prisoners slip into solitary; and the mental havoc and social costs of years and decades in isolation. The product of fifteen years of research in and about prisons, this book provides essential background to a subject now drawing national attention.2016solitary confinementhttps://yalebooks.yale.edu/book/9780300211467/237book
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25+ Human Rights DocumentsColumbia University Center for the Study of Human RightsThis pdf/book contains the basic and most influential human rights documents, including the Convention Against Torture.2005human rights
http://www.humanrightscolumbia.org/publications/25-human-rights-documents
book/pdf
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5-Key Model for Re-entryCarrie Pettus-Davis and Stephanie KennedyThis report contains interviews from four study participants involved in the 5-Key Model (collect data, collaborate, identify solutions, create products, implement, and next steps). It highlights the stories of participants in the 5-Key Model to provide a personal window into the experiences of those recently released from prisons. The interviewer explored participants’ lives and families, successes and challenges, and solicited advice for effectively helping individuals leaving incarceration.2019re-entry, voices from inside/ survivors
https://ijrd.csw.fsu.edu/publications/category/5-key-model-reentry
journal article
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A Broken System: Social Work Tackles Criminal Justice ReformAlison LaurioThe NASW Social Work Advocates magazine explores how social workers are working to "improve" the criminal legal system in various ways. With no examples of social workers in action, it acknowledges SWASC's existence without accepting its offer to participate directly in reform.2019reform, social work, NASW
https://www.socialworkers.org/News/Social-Work-Advocates/2019-October-November/Criminal-Justice-Reform
magazine
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A list of 54 political prisoners in the United StatesBreno Altman in Opera MundiA list drawn from a compilation of surveys conducted by US human rights organizations, such as the Jericho Movement and the Alliance for Global Justice. Prisoners of Guantanamo or foreigners judged in the United States for crimes committed abroad are not included.2016political prisoners
https://operamundi.uol.com.br/politica-e-economia/40718/a-list-of-54-political-prisoners-in-the-united-states
article
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A Listening Project: Taking Victims and their Advocates SeriouslyHarry Mika, Mary Achilles, Ellen Halbert, Lorraine Stutzman Amstutz, Howard ZehrThis report details the activities and outcomes of the Listening Project, a collaboration of professionals active in the victim community and the field of restorative justice. It was specifically designed to confront the significant deficiencies of restorative justice practice pertaining to victim participation and impacts for victims, their advocates and victim services generally. A core project objective was to collaboratively propose an action plan to create more responsive restorative justice programs and beneficial outcomes for victims. Strategies for gathering the input of victims and their advocates, and for facilitating dialogue between victims, victim services and restorative justice personnel were undertaken.2001restorative justice
http://restorativejustice.org/am-site/media/listening-project-final-report.pdf
report
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A Molecular Signature for Social Isolation Identified in the BrainNoga Zilkha and Tali Kimchi Extended social isolation causes debilitating effects in social mammals such as humans. A study in mice shows that the gene Tac2 is upregulated throughout the brains of socially isolated animals, driving massive behavioural changes.2018solitary confinement, effectshttps://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-05447-9article
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A National Movement to End the Overuse of Solitary ConfinementVera Institute of JusticeOn May 30, 2018, the Safe Alternatives to Segregation (SAS) Initiative and Eastern State Penitentiary hosted a public event called ‘A National Movement to End the Overuse of Solitary Confinement’ in Philadelphia, PA. This well-attended event included a panel discussion of correctional leaders, mental health professionals, reform advocates, directly impacted individuals, and other trailblazers who have been leading the way in reducing the use of solitary confinement (also known as segregation) in U.S. prisons and jails.2018solitary confinement, mental health, reform, alternatives to solitary confinement
https://www.safealternativestosegregation.org/resource/a-national-movement-to-end-the-overuse-of-solitary-confinement/
panel discussion
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Abolition Democracy: Beyond Empire, Prisons, and Torture (Open Media Series)Angela Y DavisDavis talks about her own incarceration, as well as her experiences as "enemy of the state," and about having been put on the FBI’s "most wanted" list. She talks about the crucial role that international activism played in her case and the case of many other political prisoners. Throughout these interviews, Davis returns to her critique of a democracy that has been compromised by its racist origins and institutions. Discussing the most recent disclosures about the disavowed "chain of command," and the formal reports by the Red Cross and Human Rights Watch renouncing U.S. violation of human rights and the laws of war in Guantánamo, Afghanistan and Iraq, Davis focuses on the underpinnings of prison regimes in the United States.2005abolition, torture, carceral system/ mass incarceration, voices from inside/ survivorshttps://www.indiebound.org/book/9781583226957book
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Abolition ToolkitCritical Resistance, Northeast Regional Abolition Roundtable in Boston: Ashanti Alston, Mimi Budnick,Pat Clark, Masai Ehehosi, Dennis Fox, Darrell Gane-McCalla, Hugh Johnson, Bonnie Kerness,Seth Kirshenbaum, Rachel Maddow, Pilar Maschi, Stephen Pfohl, Anita Seth, Justin Steil,Sean Sullivan, Kazi Toure, and Becca WannerThe kit is not a step-by-step guide to PIC abolition. It is a kit designed primarily for U.S.-based community organizers already working toward abolition and our allies. It is a set of ideas, exercises, and resources to share with the people with whom we organize that explain the idea of abolishing the prison industrial complex (PIC) and can help us take concrete steps toward that goal.2003abolition
http://criticalresistance.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/CR-Abolitionist-Toolkit-online.pdf
advocacy example: publication
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Abuse of the Human Rights of Prisoners in the United States: Solitary ConfinementAmerican Civil Liberties Union (ACLU)The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) urges the Human Rights Council to address the widespread violations of the human rights of prisoners in the United States associated with solitary confinement and calls for the adoption of appropriate measures to protect their human rights, including taking concrete and appropriate measures to end the egregious violations stemming from solitary confinement of prisoners.2012human rights, solitary confinement
https://www.aclu.org/sites/default/files/field_document/ACLU_Submission_to_HRC_16th_Session_on_Solitary_Confinement.pdf
article
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Academic Summit on Solitary Confinement & Health: Next Steps in Reducing the Use and Misuse of Solitary ConfinementCo-sponsored by Craig Haney, Brie Williams, et.al.Forty-five world experts on the psychological and physical effects of solitary confinement held a two-day academic summit focused on charting next steps in the global effort to drastically reduce and evetually eradicate the use of solitary confinement.2018solitary confinement, effects, human rightshttps://news.ucsc.edu/2018/06/haney-summit.htmlarticle
SWASC member
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Administrative Segregation in U.S. PrisonsFrost, Natasha A. and Carlos E. Monteiro.This paper gives an overview of the use of administrative segregation in the United States, and examines its utility and effects, issues related to its use, and relevant court decisions and consent decrees. It briefly reviews existing literature on the effects of segregation or solitary confinement, and identifies gaps in knowledge that can inform future research and funding priorities.2016solitary confinement, effects
https://www.safealternativestosegregation.org/resource/administrative-segregation-in-u-s-prisons/
journal article
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Aging in Prison: A Human Rights Problem We Must FixAmerican Friends Service Committee Prison Watch ProgramA publication by the American Friends Service Committee Prison Watch Program that compiles elderly prisoners' testimonies, and provides preliminary recommendations.2017elderly, human rights
https://www.afsc.org/sites/default/files/documents/Aging%20in%20prison%20report%202017_new.pdf
report
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ALONE & AFRAID: Children Held in Solitary Confinement and Isolation in Juvenile DetentionAmerican Civil Liberties Union (ACLU)This toolkit provides advocates with comprehensive resources to end the solitary confinement of kids. 2014youth, solitary confinement
https://www.aclu.org/files/assets/Alone%20and%20Afraid%20COMPLETE%20FINAL.pdf
toolkit
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Alone in Isolation: A Clinician's Guide to Women in Solitary ConfinementDr. Ali WintersDr. Ali Winters is an Assistant Professor of Social Work at Tennessee State University (TSU) with teaching responsibilities on the undergraduate and graduate levels. With over 26 years of direct social work practice experience, Dr. Winters created an evidence-based guide for clinicians who work with women in solitary confinement based on her professional experience. 2018solitary confinement, women, healthcare professional, mental health, clinical
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/325583952_Alone_in_isolation_A_clinician's_guide_to_women_in_solitary_confinement
journal article
SWASC member
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America Is Finally Facing the Fact that Solitary Confinement Is Cruel and Unusual PunishmentAngela HelmRecent solitary confinement policy changes and findings are discussed.2019solitary confinement
https://www.theroot.com/america-is-finally-facing-the-fact-that-solitary-confin-1834671535
article
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America's Jailhouse Journalists John J. Lennon, Kerry Myers, Troy Williams, Yukari Iwatani Kane, Sam Robinson and Aaron ThomasA small press corps of people who are incarcerated report on the complex daily realities of the US prison system.2019media
https://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/listeningpost/2019/11/america-jailhouse-journalists-191102092812813.html?utm_source=The+Marshall+Project+Newsletter&utm_campaign=286df24371-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2019_11_05_01_15&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_5e02cdad9d-286df24371-174504901
article
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American Civil Liberties Union National Prison Projectn/aThe ACLU National Prison Project is dedicated to ensuring that our nation’s prisons, jails, and other places of detention comply with the Constitution, domestic law, and international human rights principles, and to ending the policies that have given the United States the highest incarceration rate in the world. We promote a fair and effective criminal justice system in which incarceration is used only as a last resort, and its purpose is to prepare prisoners for release and a productive, law-abiding life at the earliest possible time. Through litigation, advocacy, and public education, we work to ensure that conditions of confinement are consistent with health, safety, and human dignity, and that prisoners retain all rights of free persons that are not inconsistent with incarceration. Achieving these goals will result in a criminal justice system that respects individual rights and increases public safety for everyone, at greatly reduced fiscal cost.n/acarceral system/ mass incarceration, human rights, law, legislation, policy, immigrantshttps://www.aclu.org/other/aclu-national-prison-projectorganization
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American Civil Liberties Union Stop Solitary Campaign American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU)Our staff members pursue a range of different activities to achieve these goals, including training, technical assistance, administrative and legislative advocacy, research, writing, media outreach, and public education.n/asolitary confinement, legislation
https://www.aclu.org/issues/prisoners-rights/solitary-confinement/we-can-stop-solitary
organization
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American Friends Service Committee California Healing Justicen/aACLU's Healing Justice Program in San Francisco works to reduce reliance on incarceration and other punitive approaches and replace them with restorative/healing practices. Toward that end we concentrate on four areas: mass incarceration, long term isolation, the death penalty, and the promotion of healing alternatives.
founded in 1917
carceral system/ mass incarceration, restorative justice, solitary confinement, death penalty, healinghttps://www.afsc.org/program/bay-area-healing-justiceorganization
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American Friends Service Committee New Jersey Prison Watch ProgramBonnie KernessThe Prison Watch program empowers individuals harmed by criminal justice policies and violence to heal and transform the conditions under which they live. We recognize and advance the worth and dignity of all people in and around the criminal justice system. Program staff disseminate public information on human rights abuses and healing opportunities; respond to needs of incarcerated people and those harmed by criminal acts; influence individual administrators and policy makers; and provide expertise to coalitions, advocacy groups, community organizations, students, writers, and the media. Our Prison Watch Program monitors human rights abuses in U.S. federal and state prisons. In particular, the program promotes national and international attention to the practices of isolation and torture.n/ahuman rights, torture, solitary confinement, carceral system/ mass incarceration, healinghttps://www.afsc.org/new-jersey-prison-watchorganization
SWASC member
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American Friends Service Committee New York Healing Justicen/aIn communities devastated by mass incarceration, abusive systems of imprisonment, and the collateral consequences of arrest and conviction, AFSC’s New York Healing Justice Program supports people to heal and take leadership roles in confronting injustice. We join these communities in challenging the realities and political and economic root causes of these injustices, including the racism embedded in our criminal legal and related systems.n/acarceral system/ mass incarceration, racism, healing, organizinghttps://www.afsc.org/new-york-healing-justiceorganization
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An Advanced Generalist Practice Social Work Approach to Solitary ConfinementJoseph M. WronkaThis document is an overview of solitary confinement as it relates to advanced generalist social work practice, including micro, mezzo, and macro levels of work. 2019social work, solitary confinement, clinical
https://drive.google.com/file/d/1ZFvVyQ93nby8mrZ7dQbO4wrZ_oE8jNTa/view?usp=sharing
lecture
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An Analysis of the Deterrent Effects of Disciplinary Segregation on Institutional Rule Violation RatesJoseph W. Lucas and Matthew A. JonesThis study explores and proves that disciplinary segregation (solitary confinement) is not an effective deterrent on negative behaviors.2017solitary confinement, effects

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/315525887_An_Analysis_of_the_Deterrent_Effects_of_Disciplinary_Segregation_on_Institutional_Rule_Violation_Rates
journal article
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Analysis of US Compassionate and Geriatric Release Laws: Applying a Human Rights Framework to Global Prison HealthTina MaschiTina Maschi analyzed the compassionate and geriatric release laws in the USA and the role of advanced age and/or illness. In order to identify existing state and federal laws, a search of the LexisNexis legal database was conducted.2016geriatric release, compassionate release, human rights, healthcare
https://www.academia.edu/29667791/Analysis_of_US_Compassionate_and_Geriatric_Release_Laws_Applying_a_Human_Rights_Framework_to_Global_Prison_Health
article
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Are prisons obsolete?Angela Y. DavisAngela Davis expertly argues how social movements transformed these social, political and cultural institutions, and made such practices untenable. In Are Prisons Obsolete?, Professor Davis seeks to illustrate that the time for prisons is approaching an end. She argues forthrightly for "decarceration", and argues for the transformation of the society as a whole.2003abolition
https://collectiveliberation.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/Are_Prisons_Obsolete_Angela_Davis.pdf
book
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Assessing the Impact of Time Spent in Restrictive Housing Confinement on Subsequent Measures of Institutional Adjustment among Men in PrisonRyan M LabrecqueThis study examines how time spent in restrictive housing impacts “subsequent measures of institutional adjustment among men in prison.” The author found that time spent in restrictive housing has no statistically significant impact on future misconduct, and that time spent in restrictive housing has a statistically significant—but marginal—negative effect on future placements in restrictive housing. The research and policy implications of these results are discussed.2019solitary confinement
https://www.safealternativestosegregation.org/resource/assessing-the-impact-of-time-spent-in-restrictive-housing-confinement-on-subsequent-measures-of-institutional-adjustment-among-men-in-prison/
journal article
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Association of Restrictive Housing During Incarceration With Mortality After ReleaseLauren Brinkley-Rubinstein, Josie Sivaraman and David L. RosenThis study suggests that exposure to restrictive housing is associated with an increased risk of death during community re-entry. These findings are important in the context of ongoing debates about the harms of restrictive housing, indicating a need to find alternatives to its use and flagging restrictive housing as an important risk factor during re-entry.2019re-entry, solitary confinement, mortality rates
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamanetworkopen/fullarticle/2752350
journal article
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Aztlan Realism: Chicano Revolutionary Art from Pelican Bay S.H.U.Jose H. VillarealJose Villareal, survivor of 10 years of torture in Pelican Bay S.H.U., compiled 200 drawings as a record of his S.H.U. experiences: “I wanted to show that even within a torture center like the S.H.U. that human beings can rise above any man-made abuse or injustice. That the human condition is good even in the presence of malice, or even death. That art surfaces even when dehumanization becomes the norm.”2017Chicano, art, solitary confinement, voices from inside/ survivors, torture
http://www.prisonartstouchinghearts.org/blog/2017/10/2/aztlan-realism-art-from-pelican-bay-shu
art
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Black and Pinkn/aBlack and Pink's mission is to abolish the criminal punishment system and to liberate LGBTQIA2S+ people/people living with HIV who are affected by that system, through advocacy, support, and organizing.n/aLGBTQ, organizing, abolitionhttps://www.blackandpink.org/organization
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Bonnie Kerness: Pioneer in the Struggle Against Solitary Confinement Solitary Watch Guest WriterAn article about Bonnie Kerness's involvement in the movement to end solitary confinement, and her commrades. 2012solitary confinement, human rights, activism
https://solitarywatch.org/2012/11/08/bonnie-kerness-pioneer-in-the-struggle-against-solitary-confinement/
article
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Bureau of Prisons: improvements needed in bureau of prisons' monitoring and evaluation of impact of segregated housingThe Government Accountability Office (GAO)BOP officials believe that segregated housing helps maintain institutional safety. Given BOP’s increased reliance on segregated housing and the higher costs associated with its use, it is notable that BOP has not studied the impact of segregated housing on inmates, staff, and institutional safety. As BOP considers options for conducting a study of segregated housing, BOP may want to consider lessons learned from some state initiatives that reduced the number of inmates held in segregation without significant, adverse impacts on violence or assault rates. In addition, BOP’s own policies recognize that long-term segregation may have a detrimental effect on inmates. While BOP does regularly check the mental health of inmates in segregated housing, BOP has not conducted an assessment of the long-term impact of segregation on inmates.2013solitary confinement, effects, mental healthhttps://www.gao.gov/assets/660/654349.pdfreport
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Buried Alive: Solitary Confinement in the U.S Detention SystemPhysicians for Human RightsThis report by Physicians for Human Rights shows the severe psychological and physical consequences of solitary confinement and calls for it to be prohibited in immigration and national security settings.2013solitary confinement, ethics, immigrants
https://phr.org/our-work/resources/buried-alive-solitary-confinement-in-the-us-detention-system/
report
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Buried Alive: Stories from Inside Solitary Confinement Nathaniel Penn, Gentelman's QuarterlyNathaniel Penn chronicles the stories of several survivors of solitary confinement, including Ojore Lutalo. A very comprehensive archival of several brief testimonies. 2017Solitary Confinement, voices from inside/ survivors
https://www.gq.com/story/buried-alive-solitary-confinement
article
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California Families Against Solitary Confinement (CFASC)n/aCFASC's mission is to stop the inhumane treatment of prisoners within the California Penal System, especially those held in solitary confinement and administrative housing units. Our loved ones have been incarcerated, in many cases for decades, under conditions widely recognized as torture. We came together in July 2011 to support the statewide prisoner hunger strike demanding an end to barbaric and unconstitutional conditions in solitary units. Our ultimate vision is an end to solitary confinement.2011hunger strike, solitary confinement, human rights, organizing, torturehttps://solitarywatch.org/cfasc/organization
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California Prison FocusCatherine Campbell, Dr. Corey Weinstein, and Luis (Bato) Talamantez This grassroots organization works to abolish the California prison system in its present condition, with a focus on ending long-term solitary confinement. We are committed to honoring the voices and strategies of prisoners and join their efforts to foster solidarity and empowerment. We believe in public education and direct action to achieve these goals.1989abolition, solitary confinement, carceral system/ mass incarcerationhttp://newest.prisons.org/organization
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Can Physicians Work in US Immigration Detention Facilities While Upholding Their Hippocratic Oath?
Paul Spiegel, Nancy Kass, and Leonard RuebensteinPaul Spiegel, Nancy Kass, and Leonard Ruebenstein explore the ethics of physicians working in immigration detention facilities, and dual loyalty with the hippocratic oath.2019Immigrants, ethics
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/article-abstract/2749507
journal article
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Center for Children's Law and Policyn/aOur staff members envision a world where the response to youth who get in trouble with the law is developmentally appropriate, free of racial and ethnic bias, and focused on building strengths that help youth avoid further involvement with the justice system. 1) eliminating racial and ethnic disparities in the juvenile justice system, 2) reducing the unnecessary and inappropriate incarceration of children, and 3) eliminating dangerous and inhumane practices for youth in custody. Our staff members pursue a range of different activities to achieve these goals, including training, technical assistance, administrative and legislative advocacy, research, writing, media outreach, and public education.n/ayouth, human rights, carceral system/ mass incarcerationhttps://www.cclp.org/organization
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Closing the Door on Solitary ConfinementAnne Teigen and Sarah BrownThis article chronicles solitary confinement related reforms.2016alternatives to segregation, reform
http://www.ncsl.org/Portals/1/Documents/magazine/articles/2016/SL_0416-Trends.pdf
article
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Community Justice ExchangeTides Center The Community Justice Exchange is a national hub for developing, sharing, and experimenting with tactical interventions, strategic organizing practices, and innovative organizing tools to end mass incarceration. We provide support to community-based organizations that are building a new vision of community justice through bottom-up interventions in the criminal legal and immigration detention systems.n/aorganizing, carceral system/ mass incarceration, immigrants, abolitionhttps://www.communityjusticeexchange.org/organization
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Community Justice Exchange: Abolitionist Principles & Campaign Strategies for Prosecutor OrganizingCommunity Justice Exchange
The following is a framework that seeks to draw out what “prosecutor organizing” looks like with an abolitionist lens. The first section outlines principles to hold us accountable to each other, so that there is shared agreement about what abolition means in organizing around prosecutors. The second section is a resource for organizers working to put these principles into practice in their local prosecutor organizing campaigns.2019abolition, prosecutor organizing
https://www.communityjusticeexchange.org/abolitionist-principles
advocacy example: principles, framework
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Conference on Angela Davis's Commitment to Radicalism Lydialyle-GibsonRadcliffe Institute conference honoring radical activist and global icon Angela Davis. The panelists—scholars, activists, educators— discuss revolution and liberation and the fight against violent oppression2019radicalism
https://www.harvardmagazine.com/2019/10/radcliffe-institute-conference-on-activist-angela-davis
advocacy example: conference
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Confronting Confinement: A Report of the Commission on Safety and Abuse in America's PrisonsGibbons J, Katzenbach N.; Vera Inst. JusticeReport on conditions of confinement in U.S. jails and prisons, public health and safety of communities, and recommendations for needed reforms2006
public health, reform, conditions
https://openscholarship.wustl.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1363&context=law_journal_law_policy
report
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Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or PunishmentOffice of the High Commissioner, Human Rights, General Assembly resolutionThis resolution provides the UN definition and prohibition of torture.1984human rights, torture
https://www.ohchr.org/en/professionalinterest/pages/cat.aspx
article
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Correctional Association of New Yorkn/aFor 175 years, CANY has been the only independent organization in New York with authority under state law to monitor prisons and report our findings to the legislature and the broader public. In addition to carrying out this unique mandate through onsite prison monitoring visits, we confidentially communicate with incarcerated people about their experiences through the mail, one-on-one interviews, and collect phone calls. Our access creates a platform for people inside prison to participate in and shape the public debate.1844legislation, carceral system/ mass incarceration, voices from inside/ survivorshttps://www.correctionalassociation.org/organization
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Creating a Human Rights CultureJoseph M. WronkaThis website serves as a portal to knowledge and activities related to human rights. Whereas its audience might be primarily persons in the helping and health professions, particularly social work and public health, more specifically those interested in a more or less generalist orientation in their practices, this website ought to prove useful for the “educated layperson,” from a variety of disciplines, backgrounds, and nationalities, though we are all world citizens.2019human rights, social workhttps://humanrightsculture.org/website
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Creative ResistanceCreative Resistance, a Project of PopularResistance.orgA website showcasing activist art from people who are incarcerated.2019art, activism inside
https://creativeresistance.org/?s=solitary+confinement&submit=
advocacy example: website
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Criminal Justice and Social Work Interface: Entering an Era of DecarcerationMatthew W. EppersonThe course covers an overview of the criminal justice system; a look at social work's roles in criminal justice, past and present; special populations, including women and LGBTQ populations in the criminal justice system; the criminal justice system's disproportionate impact on
people of color, people in poverty, and people with mental illnesses; the 1980s War on Drugs; restorative justice; and innovations in criminal
justice reform and decarceration.
2016clinical, trauma
http://www.sw-cj.org/uploads/2/4/4/6/24468238/website_version_epperson_cj_sw_interface_decarceration_winter_2016.pdf
syllabus
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Critical Resistancen/aCritical Resistance seeks to build an international movement to end the Prison Industrial Complex by challenging the belief that caging and controlling people makes us safe. We believe that basic necessities such as food, shelter, and freedom are what really make our communities secure. As such, our work is part of global struggles against inequality and powerlessness. The success of the movement requires that it reflect communities most affected by the PIC. Because we seek to abolish the PIC, we cannot support any work that extends its life or scope.1997abolitionhttp://criticalresistance.org/organization
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Cruel and Unusual - the Story of the Angola 3 Film & DiscussionIntroduction by Willow Katz; Discussion with Craig Haney and Marie LevinThe Angola 3 continue to stand up to injustice in the US legal system and call for an end to the use of solitary confinement in US prisons and for the release of other political prisoners who are unjustly incarcerated.
2018political prisoners, human rights, solitary confinementhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L7kb0PjnU5Ivideo
SWASC member
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Data-Driven Human Rights: Using Dual Loyalty Trainings to Promote the Care of Vulnerable Patients in JailSarah Glowa-Kollisch, Jasmine Graves, Nathaniel Dickey, Ross MacDonald, Zachary Rosner, Anthony Waters, Homer VentersThis report undertook an assessment of dual loyalty in the New York City jail system. The evaluation revealed significant concerns about the extent to which the mental health service is involved in assessments that are part of the punishment process of the security apparatus. As a result, dual loyalty training was developed and delivered to all types of health staff in the jail system via anonymous survey. 2015dual loyalty, human rights, mental health, health care
https://www.hhrjournal.org/2015/03/data-driven-human-rights-using-dual-loyalty-trainings-to-promote-the-care-of-vulnerable-patients-in-jail/
journal article
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Democratic Senators Introduce Bill To Limit Use Of Solitary ConfinementDick Durbin , Chris Coons , Cory Booker, Elizabeth Warren, and Patrick LeahyThe Solitary Confinement Reform Act limits solitary confinement to the briefest term and under the least restrictive conditions possible, improves access to mental health services for BOP prisoners in solitary confinement, and provides resources to state and local jurisdictions to assist them in reforming their own confinement practices. Additionally, the bill protects prisoners’ civil rights through the creation of a Civil Rights Ombudsman position and bans the practice of placing LGBTQ prisoners in solitary confinement as a means of protection.2018solitary confinement, legislation, reform
https://www.durbin.senate.gov/newsroom/press-releases/durbin-democratic-senators-introduce-bill-to-limit-use-of-solitary-confinement
article
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District Attorney Candidate Chesa Boudin on His Plans to Reform San Francisco's Criminal Justice SystemChesa Boudin, District Attorney, San Francisco, CAChesa discussed how his experience growing up with incarcerated parents shaped his views on criminal justice, why he believes our system needs reforming, and the importance of the District Attorney position.2019reform
https://www.sfchronicle.com/crime/article/New-San-Francisco-district-attorney-plans-14824568.php
advocacy example: interview
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Doctors of the Dark SideDirected and produced by Martha Davis. Written by Mark Jonathan Harris.
Starring Diane Davis,
THis documentary exposes the scandal behind the torture scandal — how psychologists and physicians implemented and covered up the torture of detainees in US controlled military prisons. The stories of four detainees and the doctors involved in their abuse show how essential doctors have been to the torture program.2012torture, dual loyalty, healthcare professionals, human rightshttps://doctorsofthedarkside.com/documentary
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Doin' the Work Podcast: Social Workers Against Solitary Confinement
Podcast by Rachel Frome.In this podcast interview Rachel Frome discusses the negative impacts of solitary confinement, especially how it can cause and exacerbate mental health issues. She describes alternatives to solitary confinement, as well as the challenges of organizing for an end to solitary, and how lawmakers and those running prisons use wording such as “administrative segregation” as a way to deny that prisoners are held in solitary. 2019carceral system/ mass incarceration, solitary confinement, mental health, alternatives to solitary confinement, organizinghttps://podcasts.google.com/?feed=aHR0cHM6Ly9kb2ludGhld29yay5wb2RiZWFuLmNvbS9mZWVkLnhtbA&episode=ZG9pbnRoZXdvcmsucG9kYmVhbi5jb20vc29jaWFsLXdvcmtlcnMtYWdhaW5zdC1zb2xpdGFyeS1jb25maW5lbWVudC1yYWNoZWwtZnJvbWUtbXN3LWRjMGMxZGJiMmQ5OGUxMTU2ZjliODcxZWExZTBkMDZj&hl=en&ep=6&at=1570487195532
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Dolores Canales, Introduction Dolores Canales, Introduction by Willow KatzAt Temple Beth El, Dolores Canales shares her life experience. She founded California Families Against Solitary Confinement. Her son has been in solitary confinement for 15 years.2015solitary confinement, human rights, hunger strikehttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IY7--GJLByY&t=1svideo
SWASC member
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Dolores Canales: mother of a Pelican Bay (CA) prisoner and a Leader in California Prisoners Against Solitary ConfinementDolores CanalesDolores Canales speaks about her experience as a member and leader of California Families to Abolish Solitary Confinement (Cfasc), CURB (Californians United for a Responsible Budget) and LWSGI (Lives Worth Saving Gang Intervention), all California based organizations. But above all, she is a mother of a Pelican Bay SHU prisoner, and since the hunger strike it has been her goal and passion to bring an end to such inhumane and torturous conditions going on right here in America! 2017solitary confinement, hunger strike
http://www.socialworkersasc.org/dolores-canales-mother-of-a-pelican-bay-ca-prisoner-and-a-leader-in-california-families-against-solitary-confinement/
advocacy example: articleSWASC member
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Dual Loyalty and Human Rights in Health Professional PracticePhysicians for Human RightsPhysicians for Human Rights (PHR) analyzes the problem of dual loyalty and proposes both practice guidelines and institutional mechanisms to support health professionals facing dual loyalty conflicts. Health professionals are increasingly called upon to subordinate the patient’s interest at the expense of the rights of the patient. Chapter V outlines the need for professional independcence through administrative and legal arrangements; an ethos of peer review and support; monitoring; education and trainingƒ; accountabilityƒ; collective action by the professions; roles for national and international organizations, for statutory (licensing) bodies; for Civil Society; for Government, the United Nations etc.2003dual loyalty, human rights, ethics, healthcare professional
https://phr.org/our-work/resources/dual-loyalty-and-human-rights-in-health-professional-practice/
report
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Dual Loyalty in Prison Healthcare Jörg Pont, Heino Stöver and Hans WolffThis article discusses ethics and dual loyalty in the prison setting. 2012dual loyalty, ethics, health care, healthcare professionalhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3487660/journal article
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Dynamic Systems Change: Clinical Social Work Practice & Criminal Justice Reform SyllabusKate Barrow and Julian AdlerThis "mini-course" examines the dynamics of clinical practice and the criminal justice system. Some topics covered are anti-oppressive practice and psychodynamic issues in criminal justice settings.2015carceral system/ mass incarceration, clinical
http://www.sw-cj.org/uploads/2/4/4/6/24468238/adler__barrow_nyu_mini-course_syllabus_12.15.14.pdf
syllabus
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Ear HustlePartnership between Nigel Poor and Earlonne Woods, co-founded with San Quentin resident Antwan WIlliams.Ear Hustle brings you the daily realities of life inside prison shared by those living it, and stories from the outside, post-incarceration. The podcast is a partnership between Nigel Poor, a Bay Area visual artist, and Earlonne Woods, formerly incarcerated at San Quentin State Prison, and was co-founded with San Quentin resident Antwan Williams.2019life insidehttps://www.earhustlesq.com/podcast series
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Economic Perspectives on Incarceration and the Criminal Justice SystemExecutive Office of the President of the United StatesIn this report, we first examine historical growth in criminal justice enforcement and incarceration along with its causes. We then develop a general framework for evaluating criminal justice policy, weighing its crime-reducing benefits against its direct government costs and indirect costs for individuals, families, and communities. Finally, we describe the Obama Administration’s holistic approach to criminal justice reform through policies that impact the community, the cell block, and the courtroom.2016carceral system/ mass incarceration, reform
https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/sites/default/files/page/files/20160423_cea_incarceration_criminal_justice.pdf
report
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Educating for rights and justice: a content analysis of forensic social work syllabiTina Maschi, Jo Rees, George Leibowitz & Margaret BryanTina Maschi's study of of forensic social work and social work and the law syllabi. A comprehensive search of the Internet was conducted to identify publicly available forensic social work or social work and the law syllabi from CSWE accredited social work programs in the United States.2018forensic social work education
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02615479.2018.1508566
journal article
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Eight Principles for Reforming Solitary ConfinementAmy Fettig & Margo SchlangerThis article sets out the latent principles of current (2015) reform efforts and makes the case for pursuing them intensively.2015solitary confinement, reform, policy
https://prospect.org/justice/eight-principles-reforming-solitary-confinement/
advocacy example: principles, framework
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Examining the Role of Healthcare Professionals in the Use of Solitary ConfinementCenter for Constitutional Rights (CCR), the Stanford University Human Rights in Trauma Mental Health LabCyrus Ahalt and colleagues explore the conflicting responsibilities of healthcare professionals involved in solitary confinement, a correctional practice that persists in prisons around the world despite a growing body of evidence describing its harmful effects.2017solitary confinement, ethics, healthcare professionals, effectshttps://www.bmj.com/content/359/bmj.j4657article
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Expert Witness: Health Professionals on the Frontline Against TortureMartha DavisThis documentary tells the story of some remarkable health professionals who have fought state-sponsored torture despite the personal risk. In honoring their professional obligation to report abuse and protect torture victims, they are a special group of expert witnesses.2016healthcare professional, political prisoners, torture
http://expertwitnessagainsttorture.com/watch-expert-witness/
video
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Eyes of a SurvivorDaryl BrownAn experimental take of Ojore Nuru Lutalo as he recounts his experience in political isolation, and the flourishing comradery he built with prison abolitionist, Bonnie Kerness, whose work supported him and other prisoners. To access the video, please click on the link, and use the password: eyesofasurvivor252019torture, solitary confinement, art, political prisoner, human rights, voices form the insidehttps://vimeo.com/336499760advocacy example: video
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Federal Bureau of Prisons: Special Housing unit review and assessmentFederal Bureau of Prisons: Key Contributors: Kenneth McGinnis, Dr. James Austin, Karl Becker, Larry Fields, Michael Lane, Mike Maloney, Mary Marcial, Robert May, Jon Ozmint, Tom Roth, Emmitt Sparkman, Dr. Roberta Stellman, Dr. Pablo Stewart, George Vose, and Tammy FelixThis report provides an independent, comprehensive review of the Federal Bureau of Prisons’ operation of restrictive housing and identifies potential operational and policy improvements. Specifically, it provides a comprehensive, detailed evaluation of the Bureau’s use of restrictive housing.2014solitary confinement
https://www.bop.gov/resources/news/pdfs/CNA-SHUReportFinal_123014_2.pdf
report
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First Degree John Fugelsang, actorFIRST DEGREE takes viewers inside the infamous Sing Sing maximum security prison and offers a unique window into a college behind bars that prevents released inmates from returning to prison. For further information about home use or educational use of FIRST DEGREE contact pppinfo@pppdocs.com .2016educationhttp://www.pbs.org/wnet/dream-on/first-degree/documentary
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Forensic Social Work: A Systems Approach SyllabusTina MaschiA course written by Tina Maschi on forensic social work practice and theory. Additionally, it illustrates skills for working with diverse populations across the lifespan and across diverse settings, such as community, medical, school, child welfare, mental health and addictions, and juvenile and criminal justice settings. 2015clinical, policy, carceral system/ mass incarceration, youth, elderly/geriatric social work, mental health, addiction
http://www.sw-cj.org/uploads/2/4/4/6/24468238/tinamaschisyllabusfsw.pdf
syllabus
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Forget Me Not: Dementia in PrisonTina Maschi, Jung Kwak, Eunjeong Ko, Mary B. MorrisseyThe overarching goals of this paper are to raise awareness of the life and experiences of persons with dementia in prison and to stimulate discussion, research, and advocacy efforts for this forgotten subgroup of older Americans.2012elderly
https://academic.oup.com/gerontologist/article/52/4/441/641314
journal article
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Fortune societyn/aThe Fortune Society’s mission is to support successful reentry from incarceration and promote alternatives to incarceration, thus strengthening the fabric of our communities.1967re-entryhttps://fortunesociety.org/organization
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From Her Mouth to Your Ears: A Survivors Manual Written by and for Women in PrisonAmerican Friends Service Committee Prison Watch ProgramA manual published by the American Friends Service Committee Prison Watch Program written by and for women in prison.2019women, voices from inside/ survivors,
https://www.afsc.org/sites/default/files/documents/Survivors%20Manual%20for%20Women.pdf
pdf/book
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From Punishment to Treatment: The "Clinical Alternative to Punitive Segregation" (CAPS) Program in New York City JailsSarah Glowa-Kollisch, Kaba Fatos, Anthony Waters, Y. Jude Leung, Elizabeth Ford, and Homer VentersIn this article, the authors examined people sent to the CAPS unit as well as those sent to the Restrictive Housing Unit (RHU) and their clinical outcomes (focused on incidents of self-harm and verified injuries). They found “significantly lower rates of self-harm and injury occurred during treatment in the CAPS unit as opposed to punishment in the RHU.”2016solitary confinement, reform
https://www.safealternativestosegregation.org/resource/from-punishment-to-treatment-the-clinical-alternative-to-punitive-segregation-caps-program-in-new-york-city-jails/
journal article
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From Punishment to Treatment: The “Clinical Alternative to Punitive Segregation” (CAPS) Program in New York City JailsSarah Glowa-Kollisch, Fatos Kaba, Anthony Waters, Y. Jude Leung, Elizabeth Ford and Homer VentersStarting in 2013, the New York City (NYC) jail system developed a new treatment unit for persons with serious mental illness who were judged to have violated jail rules (and previously would have been punished with solitary confinement) called the Clinical Alternative to Punitive Segregation (CAPS) unit. CAPS is designed to offer a full range of therapeutic activities and interventions for these patients, including individual and group therapy, art therapy, medication counseling and community meetings.2016alternatives to segregationhttps://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/13/2/182report
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From the Inside Out issues 1-6Prison Watch Community Oversight InitiativeA quarterly report by the Prison Watch Community Oversight Initiative that covers different topics for each quarter.2017from inside, human rights, New Jerseyhttps://www.afsc.org/content/prison-watch-resourcesreport
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Future IDs at AlcatrazGregory Sale, coalition of over 20 community organizationsFuture IDs at Alcatraz is a yearlong project, exhibition, and series of monthly public programs on view in the New Industries Building on Alcatraz Island until September 2019. The installation features ID-inspired artworks created by and with individuals who have conviction histories as they conceive and develop a vision for a future self. In stark contrast to prison-issued IDs, these artworks represent individual stories of transformation.2019art
https://www.parksconservancy.org/our-work/future-ids-alcatraz
video
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Guidance Document on the Nelson Mandela RulesOrganization for Security and Co-operation in EuropeThis document provides guidance for the implementation of minimum standards for the treatment of people in prison.2018human rightshttps://www.osce.org/odihr/389912report
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Half a Life in Solitary: How Colorado Made a Young Man InsaneAndrew CohenSam Mandez was convicted for a murder no one has ever proven he committed, sentenced to life without parole at the age of 18 because the judge and jury had no other choice, confined for 16 years in solitary for petty offenses in prison, made severely mentally ill by prison policies and practices and left untreated in that condition year after year by state officials. Mandez personifies the self-defeating cruelty of America's prisons today.2013solitary confinement
https://www.theatlantic.com/national/archive/2013/11/half-a-life-in-solitary-how-colorado-made-a-young-man-insane/281306/
article
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Hell is a Very Small Place: Voices from Solitary ConfinementJames Ridgeway, Jean Casella and Sarah ShourdThese firsthand accounts are supplemented by the writing of noted experts exploring the psychological, legal, ethical, and political dimensions of solitary confinement, and a comprehensive introduction by Solitary Watch co-founders James Ridgeway and Jean Casella. Sarah Shourd, herself a survivor of more than a year of solitary confinement, writes eloquently in a preface about an experience that changed her life. Companion Reading Guide available in this Resource Database.2017solitary confinement, voices from inside/survivorshttps://www.indiebound.org/book/9781620973516book
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Hell is a Very Small Place: Voices from Solitary Confinement -- Reading GuideNicole CapozzielloThis reading guide, which was written with social workers and social work students in mind but can be used in a wide variety of settings, provides discussion questions and activities for four of the pieces in the book (a) the book’s introduction, which provides a brief history of solitary confinement and a summary of its effects, (b) “A Sentence Worse Than Death,” written by a man held in solitary confinement for 25 years, (c) “On the Verge of Hell,” by a woman who experienced years of solitary confinement while also contending with other abuse, and (c) “Invisible,” by a man recently released from prison who finds that the scars of solitary follow him into the outside world.2020solitary confinement, voices from inside/survivors
https://www.cswe.org/CSWE/media/Diversity-Center/3-Reading-Guide-Hell-is-a-Very-Small-Place.pdf
reading guide
SWASC member
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Herman's HouseJackie Sumell, and Herman WallaceThe injustice of solitary confinement and the transformative power of art are explored in Herman’s House, a feature documentary that follows the unlikely friendship between a New York artist and one of America’s most famous inmates as they collaborate on an acclaimed art project.2012solitary confinement, arthttp://hermanshousethefilm.com/the-film/documentary
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History of Criminalization & Crimmigration Webinar Series: Educational ResourcesLuis NolascoA webinar that discusses the convergence of the criminal and immigration systems. 2019carceral system/ mass incarceration, immigrants
https://drive.google.com/file/d/1T2T7zSUwJwpSOpn_53fvZJ0BnWpIXOU2/view
webinar
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How Sarah Shourd Survived Solitary ConfinementEmily WilsonThe author knows firsthand about solitary confinement having spent 410 days in solitary in a prison in Iran after she and two companions were arrested in Iran in 2009 and accused of being spies. Shourd tapped into her own experience in prison to write The Box, along with corresponding with people in solitary and visiting 13 prisons around the country to talk with people locked up there, as well as with their families and prison officials.2017solitary confinement
https://www.thedailybeast.com/how-sarah-shourd-survived-solitary-confinement
newspaper article
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How SWASC saved my life! "Saint Solomon," guest contributor of SWASC's Newsletter End Solitary!SWASC member Saint Solomon describes his personal experience in solitary confinement.2019solitary confinement
https://www.socialworkersasc.org/how-swasc-saved-my-life-pt-1/
advocacy example: articleSWASC member
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Human Rights Watchn/aHuman Rights Watch investigates and reports on abuses happening in all corners of the world. We are roughly 450 people of 70-plus nationalities who are country experts, lawyers, journalists, and others who work to protect the most at risk, from vulnerable minorities and civilians in wartime, to refugees and children in need. We direct our advocacy towards governments, armed groups and businesses, pushing them to change or enforce their laws, policies and practices. To ensure our independence, we refuse government funding and corporate ties. We partner with organizations large and small across the globe to protect embattled activists and to help hold abusers to account and bring justice to victims.1978human rights, legislation, law, abuse, activismhttps://www.hrw.org/organization
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Human Rights-Based Approaches to Clinical Social Work, Chapter 2 - Rights Based Approach to Working with Torture SurvivorsMegan BertholdTorture is framed as a human rights violation and relevant international human rights mechanisms and tools are identified. Core principles of a rights-based approach (RBA) to clinical and forensic social work practice with survivors of state-sponsored torture within a US context are described and promoted. Particular emphasis is on people who are asylum-seeking.2015solitary confinement, torture, human rights, clinical, forensic social work education
https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-08560-9_2
book chapter
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If They Come in the MorningDavis, AngelaAutobiography and anthology of writings on Angela Davis’ trial, analysis of the role of prison and the policing of black populations.1971
criminalization, racism, carceral system/ mass incarceration, abolition
https://www.akpress.org/iftheycomeinthemorning.htmlbook
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Immigrant Justice Now! 4 Hr VersionCatalyst Project: Antiracism for Collective LiberationThe overall curriculum is divided into three sections: History & Narratives of Migration, Accountability to Immigrant Leadership, and Solidarity & Action. It explores the following themes: White supremacy, xenophobia, and the history of immigration in the US, contemporary immigration myths and narratives, immigrant Justice vision and strategy, understanding citizenship privilege, accountability to and taking leadership from directly impacted communities, and taking strategic action toward multi-racial movements for immigrant justice.2019immigrants
https://docs.google.com/document/d/1FzQNYDqGuRTCVytxpLZUyAm2L4s5MNRuCo9sPx0Ou_c/edit#
lesson plan
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Immigration Detention is Psychological Torture: Strategies for Surviving Our Fight for FreedomFreedom for ImmigrantsFreedom for Immigrants documents nearly 2,000 instances of emotional distress caused or exacerbated by the isolation inherent in the U.S. immigration detention system. Examples of these psychological, and sometimes physical, assaults include an inability to connect with family or attorneys, transfers away from communities of support, solitary confinement, extreme temperatures, attacks on religious practices, and other forms of abuse by U.S. Immigration & Customs Enforcement. 2019immigrants, human rights, torture
https://www.freedomforimmigrants.org/report-on-mental-health
report
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In Prison, Discipline Comes Down Hardest On WomenJoel AndradeThis article examines the results of the investigation, in which the authors “collected data from women’s and men’s prisons, visited five women’s prisons around the country, and interviewed current and former prisoners along with past and present wardens and prison officials.” They also spoke with academics and other experts.2018women
https://www.vera.org/blog/addressing-the-overuse-of-segregation-in-u-s-prisons-and-jails/mental-health-units-as-alternatives-to-segregation-it-can-be-done
journal article
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