|Y-DNA Haplogroup Basic Tree - 2018|
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|Because of continuing research, structure of the Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree changes, ISOGG does its best to update it.|
|If differences need clarification or if you find broken links on this page, e-mail:||Ray Banks|
Y-DNA Tree Trunk
Copyright 2018, International Society of Genetic Genealogy.
All Rights Reserved.
Newly confirmed in 2018 within subclade
Confirmed within subclade
^ Indicates a next-generation sequencing entry which does not yet meet quality guidelines for minimum number of reads.
^^ Indicates an entry which does not meet quality guidelines but may be helpful.
~ Indicates only an approximate location on the tree.
|The criteria for a representative SNP printed in bold for a subclade is: traditional usage, testing done in multiple labs, and/or being found in the area of the chromosome used in recent research studies.|
|SNPs listed below in italics (colored black or red) are quality variants from next-generation sequencing reports consistently showing as representing that subgroup.|
|DID YOU NOTICE that the items in gray sometimes have a long name preceding their listing that is the same as just above? In this situation, evidence seems to indicate they also seem to belong to the same subgroup, but some confirmatory evidence is not yet available.|
Contact Person for Main Tree:
|CT||M168/PF1416, CTS109/M8948, CTS125/M5576, CTS423/M5583, CTS543/M5584, CTS1181/M5595, CTS1217/M5597, CTS1254/M5598, CTS1996/M5651, CTS2077/M5653, CTS2711, CTS3120/M5664, CTS3431/M5669, CTS3460/M5670, CTS3662/M5671, CTS4364/M5679, CTS4368/L1028/M5680, CTS4740/M5684, CTS5318/M5690, CTS5532/M5694, CTS5746/M5697, CTS6252/M5700, CTS6327/M5705, CTS6383/M5707, CTS6800/M5713, CTS6890/M5714, CTS6907/M5715, CTS7257/M5718, CTS7295/PF848, CTS7482/M5720, CTS7517/M5722, CTS7741/M5725, CTS7922/M5727, CTS7933/M5728, CTS7936/M5729, CTS8166/M5735, CTS8243/M5736, CTS8542/M5743, CTS8980/M5748, CTS9014/M5750, CTS9458/M5753, CTS9555/M5757, CTS9556/M5758, CTS9722/M5762, CTS9760/M5763, CTS9828/M5764, CTS9948, CTS10110/M5767, CTS10362/M5770, CTS10512/M5772, CTS10946/M5804, CTS11358/M5808, CTS11827/M5816, CTS11991/M5818, L957, L970/PF1065, L977, L1462/M5587, L1480/M5766, L1492/Y1569, M294, M5577/PF1413/V189, M5578, M5585/PF1414/V9, M5588/PF210, M5589/PF212, M5590, M5591/PF223, M5593, M5599/PF234, M5600, M5601, M5603/PF1415/V226, M5605, M5606, M5607, M5608/PF258, M5609, M5610, M5611/PF263, M5612, M5613, M5615, M5616/PF272, M5617, M5619/PF278, M5621, M5622, M5624, M5625, M5627, M5629, M5630, M5631/PF292, M5632, M5633, M5636, M5639, M5640, M5642, M5647, M5648, M5649, M5650, M5652, M5655, M5656, M5657, M5661, M5675/PF719, M5682, M5683, M5686, M5691/PF779, M5692, M5695/PF1417/V41, M5698/PF796, M5706/PF815, M5708, M5709, M5711/PF821, M5712, M5716/PF840, M5717/PF844, M5721/PF1418/V52, M5723, M5724, M5726, M5730, M5734/PF1419/V54, M5737/PF892, M5738, M5741, M5742, M5745, M5747, M5749, M5751/PF937, M5754, M5756/PF951, M5759, M5760, M5765, M5769, M5771, M5775, M5776/PF1029, M5777, M5778/PF1031, M5780, M5781/PF1040, M5782/PF1046, M5783, M5785, M5786/PF1061, M5788, M5790, M5794/PF1092, M5796/PF1097, M5798, M5800/PF1203, M5801, M5809/PF1237, M5811, M5812, M5813, M5814, M5819, M5821, M5822, M5823, M5825, M5826, PF328, PF342, PF629, PF970, PF1016, PF1205, PF1337, Y1525, Y1526, Y1528, Y1531, Y1537, Y1567, Y1571, Y1573, Y1574, Y1578, Y1580, Z17706, Z17707, Z17708, Z17710, Z17714, Z40571, Z40572|
|DE||M145/P205/PF1444, CTS101/M5376/PF1447, CTS1300/M5400/PF1423, CTS3334/M5459/PF1432, CTS4285/M5464/PF1433, CTS9461/M5511/PF1770, CTS10234/M5518, CTS10714/M5551/PF1876, CTS12980/PF1936, F986/M5402, F1649, F1977/IMS-JST008425/M5465/PF1434, F3170.1/M5528.1/PF1797.1, F3617/M5568, FGC2047, L337/M5387/PF1509, M1/YAP, M145/P205/PF1444, M203/Page36/PF1435, M5408/PF1425, M5427/PF1427, M5526/PF1442, M5535/PF1810, M5542/PF1443, P144/PF1436, P153, P165/PF1439, P167/PF1430, P183/PF1424, PF1431, PF1833|
P143/PF2587, CTS3818/M3690/PF2668, CTS6376/M3711/PF2697
L15/M523/PF3492/S137, F3689/M2682/PF3495/Y2571, L16/M522/PF3493/S138, M2683/PF3496/YSC0001318, M2684/PF3497/YSC0001319, M2696/PF3500
|IJ||M429/P125/PF3535, CTS1292, CTS2197/PF3537/YSC0001258, CTS3597/FGC1581/Y1885, CTS5387/Y1887, CTS6101/Y1889, CTS6349/FGC1575, CTS6932/FGC1565, CTS7507/FGC1576, CTS9240/V3480/Y1894, CTS10200, CTS10223, CTS10998/FGC1562, F922/FGC1579, F1450/FGC1583/YSC0001300, F1460, F2345/FGC1577, F2366/FGC1584, F2794/V3346/YSC0001311, F3102, F3368/PF3566/YSC0001317, F3402/S2, F3629/PF3568, F4188/PF3539/V3028, F4281/P123/PF3554, FGC1560/Y1830, FGC1564/YSC0000070, FGC1566/P126, FGC1569, FGC1571/Y1905, FGC1573/L403, FGC1574, FGC1578/Y1943, FGC1582/Y1867, FGC3522/Y1866, L748/PF3546/YSC0000289, L775/PF3542/YSC0000265, P124/PF3553, P126, P127/PF3526, P129/PF3536, P130/PF3525/S22, PF3560, PF3562, Z40732|
(See Notes for K's relationship to remaining haplogroups.
|LT [K1]||L298/P326, CTS2888/PF5543, CTS3648, CTS4783/PF5548, CTS5175/M2521/PF5549, CTS6888, CTS753/PF5525, PF5526, PF5531, PF5535, PF5536, PF5566, PF5586, L811|
|LT [K1]~||CTS1381, CTS1701/M2450/PF5541, CTS7931/M2573/PF5555, CTS8458/M2577/PF5558, CTS9026, CTS9177/M2585/PF5561, CTS10552/M2603, CTS11401/M2658/PF5581, FGC1170/Y9256, FGC30186/Z18597|
see K tree for explanation of dual names and seeming gap
F549/M2335/S22380/V4208, CTS11667, E295/M2313/S11799/Z4858, E482/M2339/Z4952, F650/M2346, M2308/V1371/Z4842, Z12176
|NO1 [K1a1]||M214/Page39, CTS3544/M2319, CTS3873, CTS4135/M2321, CTS5858/F346/M2325, CTS7029/M2326, CTS7747/M2328, CTS7748/M2329, CTS7905/M2330, CTS8274/F447/M2331, CTS8891, CTS9775/M2334, CTS11012/F630/M2342, CTS11536/L838/M2344, CTS11572, CTS11623, E275/M2309/V1408/Z4843, E289/M2311, E302/M2315/Z4866, E475/M2336/Z4940, E477/F588/M2338/Z4944, E492/M2341/Z4965, E537/M2345/S25729/Z5035, F7/M2304/S8255, F53/M2305/S9681, F107/M2310/S10947/V1570, F287/M2320/V2864, F306/M2322/S17726/V3232, F339/M2324, F415/M2327/S19886, F468/M2332/S20648, F658/M2347/S25824, F8170/FGC13363, M2340/Z4953, P192, P193, P194, P195.1, Z4896, Z5020, Z18603|
|N [K1a1a]||M231/Page91, M232/M2188/V2948|
[K items here, see full K tree]
|P1 [K2b2a]||see P tree|
MUTATION INFORMATION FOR BRANCHING NOT USUALLY INCLUDED WITH TREES AT BOTTOM OF PAGE
MUTATION INFORMATION FOR BRANCHING NOT USUALLY INCLUDED WITH TREES AT BOTTOM OF PAGE
Identical SNPs that were discovered separately are listed in alphabetical order, not necessarily in the order of discovery, and
separated by "/". Examples: SRY1532.1/SRY10831.1, M1/YAP, M40/SRY4064/SRY8299, M130/RPS4Y711, M213/P137, L15/S137, L16/S138, M429/P125,
M74/N12, M207/UTY2, M306/S1, and M184/USP9Y+3178.
The naming conventions of the subclades at the beginning of the tree come from the supplement to Mendez et al (2013). Listed 5 March 2013.
The SNPs defining Haplogroup H were changed on 24 February 2014. See Magoon et al (2013).
The following haplogroups are contained within Haplogroup K: LT, L, T, NO, N, O, S, M, P. See Haplogroup K for their relative positions. Listed 15 October 2014.
To see the subclades and their SNPs, click on the haplogroup name. Prior versions of the tree included separate lines as placeholders
for paragroups, denoted with an asterisk. Paragroups are lineages within a haplogroup that are not defined by any additional markers.
(1) These placeholders have been removed to simplify the display of SNPs.
(1) Wikipedia's explanation of Paragroups. Listed 1 August 2015.
Y-DNA haplogroup descriptions are provided on each haplogroup page. The combined haplogroups are the only ones whose description appears on this page.
|The root of the Y haplogroup tree is the so-called "Y-Chromosome Adam," the most recent patrineal ancestor of all people living today. He was not the only man living at that time, he simply was the only man with an unbroken male line of descent to the present day. The A haplogroup is thought to have been defined about 60,000 years bp. The BT haplogroup split from the root of the Y haplogroup tree 55,000 years before present (bp), probably in North East Africa. The CF(xDE) haplogroup was the common ancestor of all people who migrated outside of Africa until recent times. The defining mutation occurred 31-55,000 years bp in North East Africa and is still most common in Africa today in Ethiopia and Sudan. The DE haplogroup appeared approximately 50,000 years bp in North East Africa and subsequently split into haplogroup E that spread to Europe and Africa and haplogroup D that rapidly spread along the coastline of India and Asia to North Asia. The IJ haplogroup characterizes part of the second wave of emigration from Africa that occurred via the Middle East 45,000 years bp and defines two branches I and J that emigrated northwards and eastwards into Europe. The J branch subsequently split again and contributed to the current North African population. The NO haplogroup appeared approximately 35,000-40,000 years bp in a region east of the Aral sea; subsequent branches spread to North Asia (N) and another branch (O) to South Asia via North India.|
Corrections/Additions made since 1 January 2018:
|Added A8864, A8865, A8866, A8867, A8868, A8869, A8870, A8871, A8872, A8873, A8874, A8875, A8876, A8877, A8878, A8879, A8880, A8881, A8882, A8883, A8884, A8885, A8886, A8887, A8888, A8889, A8890, A8891, A8892, A8893, A8894, A8895, A8896, A8897, A8898, A8899, A8900, A8901, A8902, A8903, A8904, A8905, A8906, A8907, A8908, A8909, A8910, A8911, A8912, A8913, A8914, A8915, A8916, A8917, A8918, A8919, A8920, A8921, A8922, A8923, A8924, A8925, A8926, A8927, A8928, A8929, A8930, A8931, A8932, A8933, A8934, A8935, A8936, A8937, A8938, A8939, A8940, A8941, A8942, A8943, A8944, A8945, A8946, A8947, A8948, A8949, A8950, A8951, A8952, A8953, A8954, A8955, 8956, A8957, A8958, A8959, A8960, A8961, A8962, A8963, A8964, A8965, A8966, A8967, A8968, A8969, A8970, A8971, A8972, A8973, A8974, A8975, A8976, A8977, A8978, A8979, A8980, A8981, A8982, A8983. A8835, A8836, A8837, A8838, A8845, A8846, A8848, A8852, A10805, A10807, A21565, A10801, A10765, A10767, A10810, A10822, A10823, PR2921, A8839, A8842, A8843, A8844, A8847, A8849, A8851, A8853, A8854, A21321, A21322, A21323, A21324, A21325, A21326, A21327, A21328, A21329, A21330, A21331, A21332, A21333, A21334, A21335, A21336, A21337, A21338, A21339, A21340, A21341, A21342, A21343, A21344, A21345, A21346, A21347, A21348, A21349, A21350, A21351, A21352, A21353, A21354, A21499, A21500, A21501, A21502, A21503, A21504, A21505, A21506, A21507, A21508, A21509, A21510, A21511, A21512, A21513, A21514, A21515, A21516, A21517, A21518, A21519, A21520, A21521, A21522, A21523, A21524, A21525, A21526, A21527, A21528, A21529, A21530, A21531, A21533, A21534, A21535, A21537, A21538, A21539, A21540, A21541, A21542, A21543, A21544, A21545, A21546, A21547, A21548, A21549, A21550, A21551, A21552, A21553, A21554, A21555, A21556, A21557, A21558, A21559, A21560, A21739, A21740, A21741, A21742, A21532, A12222, A12220, A12221, A8833 to tree on 24 April 2018.|