Ranieri's Greek Pronunciation Chronology
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ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZAAABACADAEAFAGAHAIAJAKALAMANAOAPAQARASATAUAVAWAXAYAZBABB
1
All Greek with Alternative Coaeval Phonemes
Luke Amadeus Ranieri's GREEK PRONUNCIATION CHRONOLOGY Spreadsheet
https://bit.ly/RanieriGreekPronunciation
2
Boeotian
Egyptian
Popular Koine
Popular varieties of Koine, Byzantine, & Modern
3
|---404 BC-------------Learned Koine------------180 AD---|
4
Classical Attic
|---Koine begins-----------
Au
Classical Latin
Ag
-------Koine ends---|
Byzantine begins
Byzantine ends
Modern begins
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pre 500
500450400350300250200150100500501001502002503003504004505005506006507007508008509009501000105011001150120012501300135014001450150015501600165017001750180018501900195020002050
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6th c.
5th c.
4th c.
3rd c.
2nd c.
1st c.
1st c.
2nd c.
3rd c.
4th c.
5th c.
6th c.
7th c.
8th c.
9th c.
10th c.
11th c.
12th c.
13th c.
14th c.
15th c.
16th c.
17th c.
18th c.
19th c.
20th c.
21st c.
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αaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
8
εeeeeeee
9
eeeeeeeeeeeeee
10
ιiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii
11
οooooooo
12
ooooooo
13
υuyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii
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yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy
15
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
16
aaaaaaaa
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ηæː ?ɛːɛːɛːe̞ːe̞ːe̞ːe̞ːe̞ːe̞ːe̞ːe̞ːe̞ːe̞ːe̞ːe̞ːe̞ːe̞ːe̞ːe̞ːe̞ːiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii
18
e̝ːe̝ːe̝ːe̝ː
e̞, e, e̝
e̞, e, e̝
e̞, e, e̝
e̞, e, e̝
e̞, e, e̝
e̞, e, e̝
e̞, e, e̝
19
e̞, e, e̝
e̞, e, e̝
e̞, e, e̝
e̞, e, e̝
e̞, e, e̝
iiiiii
20
ει Ce̝ːe̝ːiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii
21
iiiiiiii
22
ει Ve̝ːe̝ːe̝ːe̝ːe̝ːe̝ːiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii
23
iiiiiii
24
iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii
25
iiiiiiii
26
ωɔːɔːɔːɔːo̞ːo̞ːo̞ːo̞ːo̞ːo̞ːo̞ːo̞ːo̞ːo̞ːo̞ːo̞ːo̞ːo̞ːo̞ːo̞ːo̞ː
27
28
ουo̝ːuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuu
29
uuuuuuuu
30
yyyyyyyyyyyiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii
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yyyyyyyy
32
33
αιai̯ai̯ai̯ai̯ai̯ai̯ai̯ai̯ai̯ae̞̯ae̞̯ae̞̯ae̞̯ae̞̯ae̞̯ae̞̯ae̞̯ae̞̯ae̞̯ae̞̯ae̞̯
34
ai̯ai̯ai̯ai̯ɛːɛːɛːɛːɛːɛːɛːɛː
35
αυau̯au̯au̯au̯au̯au̯au̯au̯au̯au̯au̯aβʷaβʷaβʷaβʷaβʷaβʷaβʷavavavavavavavavavavavavavavavavavavavavavavavav
36
awawaβʷaβʷaβʷaβʷaβʷaβʷ
au̯, aw
au̯, aw
au̯, aw
av, αβ
av, αβ
av, αβ
av, αβ
avavavavavavavavavavav
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awawawawawaw
av, αβ
av, αβ
av, αβ
38
ευeu̯eu̯eu̯eu̯eu̯eu̯eu̯eu̯eu̯eu̯eu̯eβʷeβʷeβʷeβʷeβʷeβʷeβʷe̞βe̞βe̞βe̞βe̞βe̞βe̞βe̞βe̞βe̞βe̞βe̞ve̞ve̞ve̞ve̞ve̞ve̞ve̞ve̞ve̞ve̞ve̞ve̞ve̞ve̞ve̞ve̞ve̞ve̞ve̞ve̞ve̞ve̞ve̞v
39
eweweβʷeβʷeβʷeβʷeβʷeβʷ
eu̯, ew
eu̯, ew
eu̯, ew
ev, eβ
ev, eβ
ev, eβ
ev, eβ
evevevevevevevevevevev
40
ewewewewewew
ev, eβ
ev, eβ
ev, eβ
41
οιoi̯oi̯oi̯oi̯oi̯oi̯oi̯oi̯oi̯oi̯oi̯øy̯øy̯øy̯øy̯øy̯øy̯øy̯øy̯øy̯øy̯yyyyyyyyyyyiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii
42
øi̯øi̯øi̯øi̯øi̯øi̯øi̯øy̯øy̯øː, yː
øː, yː
øː, yː
øː, yː
øː, yːøː, yːøː, yːøː, yːøː, yːøː, yː
43
øi̯øi̯øi̯øi̯ø, yø, yø, yø, yø, yø, yø, yø, y
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oi̯oi̯øi̯øi̯
45
υιui̯yi̯yi̯yyyyyyyyyyyyyyiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii
46
yyyyy
47
48
aːi̯aːi̯aːi̯aːi̯aːi̯aːi̯aːi̯aːi̯aːi̯aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
49
aːi̯aːi̯aːi̯aaaaa
50
ɛːi̯ɛːi̯ɛːi̯ɛːi̯eːi̯eːi̯eːi̯eːi̯eːi̯e̞ːe̞ːe̞ːe̞ːe̞ːe̞ːe̞ːe̞ːe̝ːiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii
51
e̞ːe̞ːi̯e̞ːi̯e̞ːi̯
52
ɔːi̯ɔːi̯ɔːi̯ɔːi̯o̞ːi̯o̞ːi̯o̞ːi̯o̞ːi̯o̞ːi̯o̞ːo̞ːo̞ːo̞ːo̞ːo̞ːo̞ːo̞ː
53
o̞ːo̞ːi̯o̞ːi̯o̞ːi̯
54
ᾱυaːu̯aːu̯aːu̯aːu̯aːu̯aːu̯aːu̯aːu̯aːu̯au̯au̯aβʷaβʷaβʷaβʷaβʷaβʷaβʷavavavavavavavavavavavavavavavavavavavavavavavav
55
aːwaːwaːβʷaːβʷaːβʷaːβʷaβʷaβʷ
au̯, aw
au̯, aw
au̯, aw
av, αβ
av, αβ
av, αβ
av, αβ
avavavavavavavavavavav
56
aːwaːwaːwaːwawaw
av, αβ
av, αβ
av, αβ
57
ηυeːu̯eːu̯eːu̯eːu̯eːu̯eːu̯eːu̯eːu̯eːu̯eu̯eu̯eβʷeβʷeβʷeβʷeβʷeβʷeβʷe̞βe̞βe̞βe̞βe̞βe̞βe̞βe̞βe̞βe̞βe̞βe̞ve̞ve̞ve̞ve̞ve̞ve̞ve̞ve̞ve̞ve̞ve̞ve̞ve̞ve̞ve̞ve̞ve̞ve̞ve̞ve̞ve̞ve̞ve̞v
58
eːweːweːβʷeːβʷeːβʷeːβʷeβʷeβʷ
eu̯, ew
eu̯, ew
eu̯, ew
ev, eβ
ev, eβ
ev, eβ
ev, eβ
evevevevevevevevevevev
59
eːweːweːweːwewew
ev, eβ
ev, eβ
ev, eβ
60
ωυɔːu̯ɔːu̯ɔːu̯ɔːu̯o̞ːu̯o̞ːu̯o̞ːu̯o̞ːu̯o̞ːu̯o̞ːo̞ːo̞ːo̞ːo̞ːo̞ːo̞ːo̞ːo̞ː
61
62
63
hhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh
64
65
ζz̠dz̠dz̠ːz̠ːz̠ːz̠ːz̠ːz̠ːz̠ːz̠ːz̠ːz̠ːz̠ːz̠ːz̠ːz̠ːz̠ːz̠ː
66
σ
67
68
γ+back V
gggggggggggɣɣɣɣɣɣɣɣɣɣɣɣɣɣɣɣɣɣɣɣɣɣɣɣɣɣɣɣɣɣɣɣɣɣɣɣɣɣɣɣɣɣ
69
ɣɣɣɣɣggg
70
γγ+back V
ŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgŋg
71
γ+front V
ɟɟɟɟɟɟʝʝʝʝʝʝʝʝʝʝʝʝʝʝʝʝʝʝʝʝʝʝʝʝʝʝʝʝʝʝʝʝʝʝʝʝʝʝʝʝʝʝ
72
ʝʝʝʝʝɟɟ
73
γγ+front V
ŋgŋgŋgŋgŋgɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟɲɟ
74
δdddddddddddðððððððððððððððððððððððððððððððððððððððððð
75
ððððððddd
76
βbbbbbbbbbbbββββββββββββββββββvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvv
77
ββββββbbbvvvvvvvvvvvvvvv
78
vvv
79
80
χ
kʰ~cʰ
kʰ~cʰ
kʰ~cʰ
kʰ~cʰ
kʰ~cʰ
kʰ~cʰ
x~çx~çx~çx~çx~çx~çx~çx~çx~çx~çx~çx~çx~çx~çx~çx~çx~çx~çx~ç
x~ç
x~çx~çx~çx~çx~çx~çx~çx~çx~çx~çx~çx~çx~çx~çx~çx~çx~çx~çx~çx~çx~çx~ç
81
kx~cç
kx~cç
kx~cç
kx~cç
kx~cç
kx~cç
kx~cç
kx~cç
kx~cç
kx~cç
kx~cç
kx~cç
kx~cç
kx~cç
kx~cç
kx~cç
kx~cç
kx~cç
kx~cç
kx~cç
kx~cç
82
x~çx~ç
kʰ~cʰ
kʰ~cʰ
kʰ~cʰ
kʰ~cʰ
kʰ~cʰ
kʰ~cʰ
kʰ~cʰ
kʰ~cʰ
kʰ~cʰ
kʰ~cʰ
kʰ~cʰ
kʰ~cʰ
kʰ~cʰ
kʰ~cʰ
kʰ~cʰ
kʰ~cʰ
kʰ~cʰ
kʰ~cʰ
kʰ~cʰ
83
θθθθθθθθθθθθθθθθθθθθθθθθθθθθθθθθθθθθθθθθθθθ
84
85
θθ
86
φɸɸɸɸɸɸɸɸɸɸɸɸɸɸɸɸɸɸffffffffffffffffffffffff
87
ffffffffffffffffff
88
89
ɸɸ
90
91
κkkkkkk~ck~ck~ck~ck~ck~ck~ck~ck~ck~ck~ck~ck~ck~ck~ck~ck~ck~ck~ck~ck~ck~ck~ck~ck~c
k~c
k~ck~ck~ck~ck~ck~ck~ck~ck~ck~ck~ck~ck~ck~ck~ck~ck~ck~ck~ck~ck~ck~c
92
τttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttttt
93
πppppppppppppppppppppppppppppppppppppppppppppppppppppp
94
95
ρr̥ʰ,r,ɾ
r̥ʰ,r,ɾ
r̥ʰ,r,ɾ
r̥ʰ,r,ɾ
r̥ʰ,r,ɾ
r̥ʰ,r,ɾ
r̥ʰ,r,ɾ
r̥ʰ,r,ɾ
r̥ʰ,r,ɾ
r̥ʰ,r,ɾr̥ʰ,r,ɾr̥ʰ,r,ɾ
r̥ʰ,r,ɾ
r̥ʰ,r,ɾ
r̥ʰ,r,ɾ
r̥ʰ,r,ɾr̥ʰ,r,ɾr~ɾr~ɾr~ɾr~ɾr~ɾr~ɾr~ɾr~ɾr~ɾr~ɾr~ɾr~ɾr~ɾr~ɾr~ɾr~ɾr~ɾr~ɾr~ɾr~ɾr~ɾr~ɾr~ɾr~ɾr~ɾr~ɾr~ɾr~ɾr~ɾr~ɾr~ɾr~ɾr~ɾr~ɾr~ɾr~ɾ
96
r~ɾr~ɾr~ɾr~ɾr~ɾr~ɾ
97
λlllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll
98
μmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmm
99
νnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnn
100
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