Margaret Sanger in New York City
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39 Fifth Avenue1923HomeIn mid-1923, Sanger was living at this address.
34 Post Avenue1914HomeSanger lived here in 1914 while working on the Woman Rebel. She described it in her autobiography as "an inexpensive little flat on Post Avenue near Dyckman Street, so far out on the upper end of Manhattan that even the Broadway subway trains managed to burrow their way into sunlight and fresh air. My dining room was my office, the table my desk." It is here that Sanger and her friends coined the term "birth control."
St Nicholas Avenue & 149th Street1902HomeMargaret and William Sanger lived in a "little apartment on St. Nicholas Ave., 149th Street" immediately after their wedding in 1902. She describes the area as "practically suburban." After Stuart's birth and Margaret's struggle with a tubercular illness, the family moved to Hastings-on-Hudson.
Manhattan Eye and Ear Hospital, 41st Street & Park Avenue1902WorkThis is the location of the Manhattan Eye & Ear Hospital, where Sanger was sent to complete her nursing training after her time in White Plains. She worked here until the building was damaged by an explosion in the new Park Avenue subway, at which point she returned to White Plains.
St Michael's Episcopal Church, 225 W. 99th Street1903OtherMargaret and William Sanger's first son, Stuart, was baptized at St Michael's Episcopal Church in 1903.
135 W. 135th Street1911HomeEarly in 1911, the Sanger family moves to 135 W. 135th Street. Henrietta Sanger moves in with the family to help out when Margaret is away on a nursing case.
141 W. 111th Street1911-1912WorkBeginning in 1911, Sanger attended meetings of the Women's Committee of the Local New York Socialist Party here. She was unanimously elected "organizer" (chairman) of the committee, responsible for recruiting women, supervising and distributing propaganda, organizing naturalization classes for immigrant women, and directing the party's campaign for suffrage.
4 Perry Street1913-1914HomeUpon returning from Paris in 1913, and before moving to 34 Post Avenue, Sanger briefly rented an apartment at 4 Perry Street.
161 Lexington Avenue1915HomeWhat is now the Ramada New York Eastside was, in 1915, the Rutledge Hotel for Women. Sanger briefly rented a room here after returning from her exile in England, where she fled to escape the indictment trial for Woman Rebel.
26 Post Avenue1915HomeIn December of 1915, Sanger stayed here with Ethel Byrne for a while following the death of her daughter, Peggy, from pneumonia and infant paralysis.
77 W. 12th Street1916Public AppearanceOn January 6, 1916, Sanger makes her first public appearance since returning from Europe. The topic of her speech is her work fighting the indictments.
205 E. 57th Street1916Public AppearanceOn February 20, 1916, a victory celebration for the Woman Rebel trial was held at the Bandbox Theatre. Margaret Sanger announced a nationwide tour beginning on April 1.
46 Amboy Street1916Work46 Amboy Street, in the Brownsville neighborhood of Brooklyn, was the site of Margaret Sanger's first birth control clinic. Sanger decided that "we stood a better and quicker chance [of making birth control clinics legal] by securing a favorable judicial interpretation through challenging the law directly" than by trying to change the law. The rooms were rented from the Jewish landlord Mr. Rabinowitz at $50 per month, a reduction from his usual rate because he was sympathetic to their cause. The clinic charged a 10¢ registration fee to entitle "any mother" to their information. The clinic opened its doors on October 16, 1916; ten days later, Sanger and Fania Mindell were arrested. The clinic reopened on November 13, only for Sanger to be arrested two days later on a "public nuisance" charge.
246 W. 14th Street1916HomeIn December 1916, Sanger was living here.
Waldorf Astoria Hotel, 301 Park Avenue1917; 1931; 1961Public AppearanceA birth control debate was held at the Waldorf Astoria on January 5, 1917. In October 1931, Sanger addressed an audience at the Waldorf Astoria at a dinner held in honor of H. G. Wells. On May 11, 1961, a World Tribute dinner was held for Margaret Sanger here.
The Plaza, 768 Fifth Avenue1917; 1929Public AppearanceOn March 15, 1917, once Sanger had completed her 30-day sentence at Queens County Penitentiary for the Brownsville clinic offenses, the National Birth Control League held a luncheon for her at The Plaza. Another event was held at The Plaza on February 26, 1929; this time, Sanger presided over a dinner to promote the Birth Control Clinical Research Bureau.
The Gamut Club, 69 W. 46th Street1920; 1924Public AppearanceThe Gamut Club, founded in 1913, held weekly Tuesday dinner meetings with guest speakers; Sanger was the speaker at a meeting in February, 1920. The club also served as a venue for the development, support and production of plays dealing with feminist issues. Sanger lectured here again on March 26, 1924, with Dorothy Bocker on "Should All Women Be Mothers?"
Parkview Palace, Fifth Avenue & 110th Street1920Public AppearanceSanger participated in a birth control debate with Winter Russell at the Parkview Palace, located at 110th Street and Fifth Avenue, on December 12, 1920. The Parkview Palace was also home to frequent socialist meetings.
Turtle Bay Gardens, 242 E. 49th Street1921Friend's HomeTurtle Bay Gardens, 242 East 49th Street, was Juliet Barrett Rublee's home, and it was here, in a meeting on November 10th, 1921, that Sanger founded the American Birth Control League.
The Town Hall, 123 W. 43rd Street1921Public AppearanceAn open meeting at The Town Hall was scheduled for November 13, 1921 to close the First American Birth Control Conference; Sanger and Harold Cox were supposed to speak. When Sanger and Cox arrived, they found police barring their entrance. Eventually they got into the building, but were not permitted to speak; Sanger and Juliet Barrett were arrested. On January 15, 1937, Sanger was presented with the Town Hall Club Award "for the most conspicuous contribution to the enlargement and enrichement of life."
Carnegie Hall, 881 Seventh Avenue1922Public AppearanceOn October 11, 1922, a Welcome Back event under the auspices of the American Birth Control League was held at Carnegie Hall for Margaret Sanger following her world tour. The evening was chaired by Heywood Broun; Sanger spoke on birth control in the Orient.
18 Gramercy Park1922-1923HomeFrom at least October 1922 until January 1923, Sanger listed her address as 18 Gramercy Park; unfortunately, it was impossible to determine whether it was 18 Gramercy Park North, South, East, or West.
502 W. 163rd Street1923Public AppearanceOnce the site of the Free Synagogue, Sanger addressed a large audience here at a meeting organized by Rabbi Louis A. Mishkind on April 24, 1923.
31 W. 110th Street1924Public AppearanceOn April 1, 1924, Sanger addressed the Guardian Mothers of the Young Women's Hebrew Association at this address.
PS 15, 71 Sullivan Street1924Public AppearanceOn June 4, 1924, Sanger addressed the Public School Forum of Brooklyn at PS 15.
Earl Hall, Columbia University1925Public AppearanceOn December 3, 1925, Sanger lectured to the Social Problems Club on "Necessity of Birth Control" in the Earl Hall Auditorium of Columbia University.
104 Fifth Avenue1921-1930; 1923-Work104 Fifth Avenue was the first headquarters for the American Birth Control League, whose office was located here from its founding in 1921 until it moved to offices on Madison Avenue in 1930. On January 1, 1923, the Clinical Research Bureau opened its offices across the hall from the ABCL. In 1929, the BCCRB clinic was raided by police.
631 Bond Street1926WorkIn January 1926, the American Birth Control League opened a new office at 631 Bond Street.
New York University, Washington Square South1926Public AppearanceSanger delivered a lecture entitled "The Need for Birth Control in America" to NYU's Liberal Club on March 1, 1926.
Grosvenor Hotel, 35 Fifth Avenue1926HomeSanger stayed at the Grosvenor Hotel (now Rubin Hall, a dorm for freshmen at NYU) from April to September 1926. She stayed there again in June 1928.
Hotel Russell, 45 Park Avenue1928HomeSanger and her husband, J. Noah Slee, moved into a small apartment in Hotel Russell, an apartment hotel, in November 1928. Their apartment faced the corner of Park Avenue and 37th Street.
Hotel Astor, One Astor Plaza1929WorkThe Hotel Astor was the site of the National Birth Control Conference, which took place on November 19 and 20, 1929. The conference was sponsored by the American Birth Control League.
17 W. 16th Street1930WorkThe Birth Control Clinical Research Bureau moved to 17 W. 16th Street from its previous location at 46 W. 15th Street in June 1930.
46 W. 15th Street1929WorkThe BCCRB moved from its offices on Fifth Avenue to offices at 46 West 15th Street. In 1930, the offices moved again, this time to 17 West 16th Street, just a block away.
Hotel McAlpin, 50 W. 34th Street1930Public AppearanceThe Sixth Annual Neo-Malthusian and Birth Control Conference was held in New York City at Hotel McAlpin in March 1925. The National Committee on Federal Legislation for Birth Control (NCFLBC) held a luncheon at Hotel McAlpin (now Herald Towers) on October 28, 1930, for Julian Huxley. Sanger spoke at the luncheon. The luncheon was preceded by the NCFLBC's first meeting.
Hotel Brevoort, 11 Fifth AvenueOngoingPublic AppearanceSanger gave many lectures and speeches at the Hotel Brevoort. One of the most notable was her speech on January 17, 1916, at a dinner held in her honor on the night before her trial for sending Woman Rebel through the mail was scheduled to begin. In 1931, she spoke on "Birth Control in America" here. There were many events in between.
280 Madison Avenue1931HomeSanger moved from 280 Madison Avenue in late April, 1931. (Uncertain when she moved in or where she moved to.)
Park Lane Hotel, 36 Central Park South1932Public AppearanceSanger addressed the New History Society at the Park Lane Hotel on January 17, 1932. Her speech was entitled "My Way to Peace."
American Women's Association Clubhouse, 353 W. 57th Street1931; 1932Public AppearanceOn November 12, 1931, Sanger received the Medal of Achievement from the American Women's Association; Eleanor Roosevelt spoke at the event. On April 20, 1932, a testimonial dinner was held in Sanger's honor at the AWA clubhouse. H. G. Wells called Sanger "the greatest revolutionary bacteriologist the world has ever known."
CBS Offices, 485 Madison Avenue1935Public AppearanceOn April 11, 1935, Sanger did a radio broadcast on birth control at WABC. This broadcast was sent to many other affiliates of the Columbia Broadcast System.
Rockefeller Center1936OtherIn October 1936, Sanger met with Arthur N. Packard at Rockefeller Center.
Ambassador Hotel, Park Avenue & 51st Street1936HotelSite of the former Ambassador Hotel. Sanger stayed here on several occasions in late 1936. In December 1936, the hotel was the site of a special joint meeting of the ABCL and NCFLBC in the aftermath of the decision by Judge Moscowitz in "U.S. v. One Package containing 120, more or less, rubber pessaries to prevent conception." The judge found that pessaries could be sent through the mail because of their health benefit. An appellate court upheld this decision on December 7, 1936.
14 E. 60th Street1936HotelSanger had been staying at the Ambassador Hotel but moved on December 17, 1936 to this address.
Hotel Roosevelt, 45 E. 45th Street1936Public AppearanceOn December 29-30, 1936, the Hotel Roosevelt was the site of the Conference on Contraceptive Research and Clinical Practice. On the 30th, Sanger spoke on a panel about the technical aspects of birth control; other speakers included Norman Himes, Leo Shedlovsky, Eric Matsner, Bessie Moses, Clarence Gamble, and Robert L. Dickinson.
Barclay Hotel, 111 E. 48th Street1938; 1939HotelSanger stayed at the Barclay Hotel in April and May 1938, and again in January 1939.
The Biltmore, 271 W. 47th Street1939Public AppearanceAt the Biltmore on January 19, 1939, the recommendation for the merger of the ABCL and BCCRB is ratified as part of the ABCL's 18th annual convention. It is renamed the Birth Control Federation of America. The first board meeting of the BCFA takes place over luncheon.
Chrysler Building, 405 Lexington Avenue1939OtherAt 4.30pm on April 20, 1939, Sanger met with Bill Melon at the Chrysler Building.
Cosmopolitan Club, 122 E. 66th Street1956OtherOn June 4, 1956, Sanger attended the Cosmopolitan Club as a guest of Dorothy Brush. On June 11, she was back, this time as Juliet Rublee's guest.
Harlem Branch, BCCRB, 2352 Seventh Avenue1930WorkThe Harlem branch of the BCCRB opened on May 23, 1930. It catered to a diverse population of women, but particularly to working-class black women, both American-born and immigrants. On November 21, 1930, an open house was held at the Harlem clinic to report on its progress. One of the other speakers at the open house was W. E. B. DuBois.