|Name||Latin Name||Hardiness Zone||Inventory||Medicinal Quality||Place of Origin||Description|
|Amaranth, Hopi Red Dye and Green||Amaranthus cruentus x A.powelli||Annual 70 days to flower 110 days to seed||12||grain and salad green||America, SW||Originally grown as a dye plant by the southwestern Hopi Nation, this variety has the reddest seedlings of any amaranth known, making it a natural for micro-green mixes! Plants reach 4-6 feet and cut a most striking figure in the garden! The Hopis use the deep-red flower bract as a natural dye to color their world-renowned piki bread.|
|Anise Hyssop||Agastache foeniculum||3||Used as an infusion in tea and cold remedies. Will relieve congestion.
As a cardiac herb, it is also used to strengthen a weak heart.
Clinical research has shown that the essential oils of Anise Hyssop is antiviral toward Herpes simplex I and II.
A poultice of Agastache foeniculum is also useful in treating burns.
Being diaphoretic, a hot infusion will induce perspiration and is therefore useful in treating fevers.
Indians used the leaves in incense to treat depression as it provided an uplifting fragrance.
Can be used as a wash to treat the itchiness of poison ivy.
A cold infusion of Agastache foeniculum leaves is used to relieve pains in the chest from excessive coughing.
Has antibacterial and anti-inflamatory properties. Used as a preventative for summer colds.
Used by Indians to cure wounds. Can use as a salve.
Traditionally used to treat burns with a poultice of leaves.
Pectoral (Used to treat lung issues) - Often combined with licorice for lung conditions such as repiratory infections and bronchitis. It is an expectorant and cough suppressant.
It's a aromatic digestant, therefore preventing gas, bloating. Simply sip some tea with you meals to prevent gas and bloating.
When its leaves are crushed, they have a beautifully aromatic smell of licorice.
Take a bath in the leaves for treating sunburn or for fungal conditions such as athletes foot or yeast overgrowth.
Being aromatic, the oils in the plant are useful in opening up the airways.
Sedative - One of the main oils in Agastache foeniculum is Methyleugenol, which has been shown to have sedative properties.
|Ashitaba||Angelica keiskei koidzumi||6 to 12 Biennial||7||life extension, infection.||Japan||(HACHIJO-SOU, Tomorrow’s Leaf) Native to Hachijojima Island in Japan. Edible-leaved angelica. It is called “tomorrow’s leaf” because when harvesting one leaf from the plant, you can expect to see a new one “tomorrow.” The plant does indeed rejuvenate itself very quickly. Traditional usage: life extension, infection. Plant prefers potted culture in an unheated greenhouse or may be grown outdoors in maritime regions.|
|Ashwaghanda||Withania somnifera||8 to 12 , otherwise grown as an annual, 200 days to maturity||6||energy and sexual tonic||Native to Africa, India, Middle East and Orient.||Evergreen or herbaceous subshrub, Native to Africa, India, Middle East and Orient. Traditional usage (Ayurveda): energy and sexual tonic. Plant prefers full sun, fast-draining, alkaline (pH 7.5 to 8.0) soil and dryish conditions. Sweeten regular garden soil with ground limestone. Light dependent germinator. Sow in early spring indoors or in the greenhouse. Average germ time 15 days. Space 1 foot apart–grows 2 to 3 feet tall, producing eventually the lantern-like pods enclosing the pea-sized fruits, green at first and becoming bright red as the inflated calyx dries and becomes transparent. Pretty little winter cherries.|
|Balm, Moldavian||Dracocephalum moldavicum||Annual 100 days||8||Tea, colds||Europe||(Moldavian Balm, Moldavian Dragon’s Head) Native to Europe. The flowers are very long lasting, bright purple, proportionally large to the plant, and shaped outrageously like the toothed head of a dragon. This is a superior tea herb that can be started by direct seeding in the garden. Easy germination, fast growth, and mintily tasty leaves typify this oldtime plant. Traditional usage (TWM): common cold. Plant prefers full sun to part shade, water, average soil. It’s always a great joy to grow this plant.|
|Bee Balmn, Lemon Mint||Monadra citriodora||4||Bee Balm herb is noted for its fragrance, and is a source of oil of thyme. The fresh or dried leaves are brewed into a refreshing aromatic and medicinal tea. Bee Balm leaves and flowers and stems are used in alternative medicine as an antiseptic, carminative, diaphoretic, diuretic and stimulant. An medicinal infusion is used internally in the treatment of colds, catarrh, headaches, and gastric disorders, to reduce low fevers and soothe sore throat, to relieve flatulence, nausea, for menstrual pain, and insomnia. Steam inhalation of the plant can be used for sore throats, and bronchial catarrh (inflammation of the mucus membrane, causing an increased flow of mucus). Externally, Bee Balm is a medicinal application for skin eruptions and infections.|
|Calendula, Mixed||Calendula officinal||Annual. 40 to 50 days to maturity.||6||Antiinflamatory, muscle spasms, ulcers, wounds, hemmerhoids, menstration, antimicrobial, antiviral, oral hygene, cancer deterant||Europe, Southern|
|Cardinal Flower||Lobelia cardinalis||3 to 9||6||nosebleed and for making love charms||America, Eastern Southern Central||Herbaceous perennial native to eastern, southern and central US. The plant prefers part shade to full sun and ever-moist soil, even thriving when partially immersed in water. Traditional usage: The Cherokee, Iroquois and Pawnee used the plant for nosebleed and for making love charms. Bright scarlet flowers attract hummingbirds to the prolific nectaries. Surface sow in spring. Just press seeds into surface of soil and keep evenly moist and in the light. Seedlings are nearly microscopic at first but will soon reach transplantable size. Grow out in pots until plants are large enough to make it in the landscape or garden.|
|Cornflower||Centaurea cyanus||Annual, producing flowers in 6 to 8 weeks from seeding.||6||Eye problems, bitter energizer and stimulant, for enhancing digestion and perhaps also to support the liver, in addition to augment resistance to infection. On the other hand, the seeds of this species have been used as a gentle laxative for kids. A decoction prepared with cornflower leaves is used to cure rheumatic disorders.||Europe||(Corn Flower, Common Cornflower, Basketflower, Bachelors Button, Bluebottle, Boutonniere Flower, Hurtsickle, Cyani Flower) Native to Europe. The deep blue of cornflowers is a welcome sight in cultivated fields, where it brings a touch of fairy madness. The harmless, edible petals retain their vivid hue upon drying, and are commonly used to enhance the color of tea blends. Plants prefer full sun to part shade and regular garden soil. Sow seed in the spring, in pots or directly in the garden. Transplant or thin to 1 foot apart.|
|Dang-shen, pilosula||Codonopsis pilosula||5 to 9||2||builds chi and tonifys the blood.||China||(Dang-shen, Poor Man’s Ginseng) Twining and vining perennial native to China. Traditional usage (TCM): builds chi and tonifys the blood. A soft and pretty climber with bell-shaped blossoms. The roots are crunchy, very sweet, quite delicious. The herb in TCM is the pressed and dried, rolled root that is sugary and chewy. Highly recommended. Plant prefers full sun to part shade and something to climb on–preferably another plant but lacking that at least a string. Sow in spring. Watch out for gophers, these roots are tastier than carrots!|
|Dream Root, Xhosa||Silene capensis||7 to 12||6||stimulate dreaming||South Africa||(Xhosa Dream Root, White Ways, White Path, African Dream Root, African Dream Herb, Syn. Silene undulata) Low-growing herbaceous perennial 1 to 2 feet tall, native to the cape of South Africa. Softly spreading leafy rosette produces multiple stalks crowned by the pure white flower. Unlike other members of the Silene genus, the calyx is elongated and not particularly inflated. The plant is easy to grow as a wayside attraction, spreads healthily but not invasively, producing many handsome flowers that smell excellently of jasmine and clove. Traditional usage (Xhosa people of South Africa): stimulate dreaming. The plant prefers full sun and fast-draining soil but is not particularly picky and can be grown as a troublefree mounding plant in most gardens. Sow the seed directly in the garden in the spring or sow anytime in the greenhouse. Barely cover seed with soil, tamp firmly and keep evvenly moist and warm until germination, which takes 1 to 2 weeks. Thin or transplant to 1 foot apart.|
|Elecampane, Official||Inula helenium||3 to 8||4||bronchial infection, pneumonia and debilitating, chronic cough.||Europe, Southern and Central||Herbaceous perennial. Native to southern and central Europe, the Balkan Peninsula and central Asia. Giant plant bearing handsome, yellow flowers. Harvest the octopus-like roots in the fall of the second year’s growth. Traditional usage (TWM): bronchial infection, pneumonia and debilitating, chronic cough. The plant is processed to yield a blue dye. Plant prefers part shade and evermoist soils, although full sun will be tolerated. Sow seed in greenhouse in early spring or sow directly in garden in mid-spring. Light-dependent germinator (plant on surface or only very shallowly covered, so light can penetrate). Expect excellent germination in about 12 days. After second set of leaves appear, transplant seedlings out to the garden, even if you still expect a few frosts. Grows in full sun or partial shade. Plant 2 feet apart. This is pure seed, with pappus removed.|
|Epazote||Chenopodium ambrosioides||8 to 12, often grown as an annual, 45 days to harvest||8||gas, allays flatus, vermifuge||America, SW and Mexico||(Wormseed, Jesuit’s Tea, Mexican Tea, payqu, Dysphania ambrosioides) Native to Mexico and the American SW, this pleasantly aromatic plant is the source of a potent spice. The dried leaf is traditionally mixed in bean dishes. Traditional usage (TWM): allays flatus, vermifuge. Strew seed on surface of sandy soil and keep moist until germination. Plant prefers full sun, dryish to mesic soils, and does well in standard garden soil or even waste places.|
|Horehound, White||Marrubium vulgare||3 to 10||6||cough and sore throat.||Asia, Mediterranean, Naturalized in SW America||(White Horehound) Herbaceous perennial native in the Mediterranean basin and Asia, having naturalized worldwide, widespread in the American SW. Traditional usage (TWM): cough and sore throat. Plant prefers full sun and dryish, nutrient-depleted soils. This is a plant that can literally be killed with kindness, so allow it to grow on the margins of the garden where water and nutrients grow thin. Scarify seeds lightly on fine grit sandpaper and sow in early spring, directly in the garden or in pots. Barely cover with soil, tamp securely and keep evenly moist until germination. Thin or transplant to 1 foot apart–they are somewhat diminutive and will grow only about as tall as your knees.|
|Hyssop||Hyssop officinalis||5 to 10||20||common cold||Mediterranean||Woody perennial evergreen subshrub native to the mediterranean and one of the more northern hardy of the mediterranean plants. This is a classic herb used in knot gardens and for low hedging. Can be readily shaped and is quite lovely in flower. The aroma of the flowers, either fresh or dried, is completely unique and one of the best of all herbal aromas. Traditional usage (TWM): common cold. Plant prefers full sun and regular garden soils, excellent drainage. Sow seed in spring in flats. Scarify seed lightly on fine sandpaper. Barely cover seed, tamp well, and keep evenly moist, warm and in the light until germination, which takes 7 to 10 days. Transplant to pots after second set of true leaves appears. Within a few weeks the seedling will have grown sufficiently to transplant out to the garden. May also be direct seeded in a fine seedbed or nursery bed. Thin or transplant to 2 to 3 feet apart. Flowers to 3 feet tall. Cut back in fall to limit snow damage and maintain a nice mounded shape.|
|Lady's Mantle||Alchemilla vulgaris||5 to 9||4||PMS or menopausal-type mood swings.||America North, Europe, Asia||Perennial mounding ground cover. Native to Europe, temperate Asia, and North America. Richly-scalloped, deep-green leaves have a deep, satisfying aroma. They funnel and collect dewdrops that magnify and glisten in the morning light. Traditional usage (TWM): PMS or menopausal-type mood swings. Plant prefers partial shade to full sun; moisture. Short-lived seed. Light-dependent germinator. Sow in fall or early spring. Oscillating temperatures preferred. Germ in 15 to 22 days. Grow out in pots, and when sufficiently well sized, plant to your garden beds. Space plants 1 to 2 feet apart. Flowers yellow to 1 foot.|
|Lovage||Levisticum officinale||4||The roots and fruit are aromatic and stimulant, and have diuretic and carminative action. In herbal medicine they are used in disorders of the stomach and feverish attacks, especially for cases of colic and flatulence in children, its qualities being similar to those of Angelica in expelling flatulence, exciting perspiration and opening obstructions. The leaves eaten as salad, or infused dry as a tea, used to be accounted a good emmenagogue.||Brittian|
|Marshmallow||Althaea officinalis||3 to 7||1||digestive, immune stimulant, ulcers.||Europe||Herbaceous perennial native to Europe, flowering to 4 feet tall. The root is a nutritious food. Traditional usage (TWM): digestive, immune stimulant, ulcers. Plant prefers moist garden soil in the full sun or part shade. The plant likes regular watering and makes a lot of biomass, both above the ground and below. Sow in spring by scarifying seed on medium grit sandpaper, strewing on surface, barely covering with soil, tamping securely, and keeping evenly moist and warm until germination, which occurs in 1 to 2 weeks. Work seedlings up in pots or sow directly in garden. Thin or transplant to 2 feet apart.|
|Milkweed, Common||Asclepias syriaca||3 to 8||7||toxic||America, Nothern||Herbaceous perennial native to North America. This is standard midwestern ditch milkweed that nonetheless has some of the prettiest, baseball-sized flower clusters you’ll see anywhere, giving off a heady perfume that is like the bosom of Madame Bovary. Big monarch attractor and butterfly food and habitat. Although the spring shoots are said to be edible, too much can prove toxic, due to the presence of cardioactive glycosides. Source of fiber. Plant prefers full sun and dry to mesic soils. Grows happily in poor soil or waste places. Sow seed in early spring. Cool soil germinator. Barely cover seed and tamp thoroughly, then keep evenly moist until germination. Thin or transplant to 1 foot apart.|
|Milkweed, Showy||Asclepias speciosa||4 to 9||8||warts, antiseptic, ringworm, fiber.||America, Western||Herbaceous perennial native to the western states. Edible shoots in spring, butterfly attractor come midsummer, downy pubescence on the wind come fall. Traditional usage (Native American): warts, antiseptic, ringworm, fiber. Source of cardiac glycosides, excessive internal usage toxic. Showy Milkweed seed does well if simply sown in warm soil, with germination in 2 to 3 weeks. Probably since these plants are from the warmer states, the seed has not developed the same dependency on cold soils/stratification as other species (e.g. Asclepias tuberosa). These taprooted plants are best direct seeded in the garden, although it is possible to grow them in flats or pots and transplant. They don’t particularly like to live in pots, though. Showy flowers to 2 feet tall on a multistemmed bush. Space plants 1 to 2 feet apart.|
|Mugwort, Western||Artemisia ludoviciana||4 to 9||12||ritual smudge, eczema, spider bite, stomachache, menstrual woes.||America, Central||(White Sagebrush, White Sage) Patch-forming herbaceous perennial native to western and central US and Canada. Variable. The softly silvery-white and aromatic leaves give rise to dangling flowers of yellow. Plant prefers full sun to part shade and will thrive in dry, depleted soils. The plant may be cut back in the fall to create a gentle mound come spring. Traditional usage (Native American, TWM): ritual smudge, eczema, spider bite, stomachache, menstrual woes. Plant prefers full sun to part shade and may thrive in dry, depleted soils. Sow in spring. Sprinkle seed on surface, tamp securely and keep moist until germ. Our trials show germination in 7 days at 65 degrees F. Germinated seed develops quickly from green specks to respectable seedlings. Space plants 2 feet apart.|
|Mullein||Verbascum thapsus||8||respiratory disorders where it was used to treat asthma, coughs, tuberculosis, and related respiratory problems.|
|Pearly Everlasting||Anaphalis margaritaceae||3 to 7||4||influenza, poulticing.||America, Western||Clump-forming herbaceous perennial. Native to the western US and Canada. Flowers are creamy-white rising above the grey-green, downy foliage. Does well in pots. Fresh flowers are an agreeable chaw. Traditional usage (American Indian, TWM): influenza, poulticing. Plant prefers full sun and dryish, fast-draining soils. Sow very tiny seed on surface and press in, then keep evenly moist. Thin or transplant to 1 foot apart. Flowers to 2 feet.|
|Pennyroyal||Mentha pulegium||5||insect repellant, he herb is known to be toxic when taken in large doses, and skin contact with the pure oil can cause dermatitis.||Europe, Asia|
|Plantain, Herba Stella||Plantago coronopus||4 to 9||13||wounds, styptic, ulcerations||(Buck’s Horn Plantain) Herbaceous perennial that makes a starlike rosette of sweetly edible leaves. Traditional; usage: wounds, styptic, ulcerations. Plant prefers full sun to part shade and moist, fast-draining soil. Plant prefers sun to part shade and fast-draining but moist soils. Halophytic, it may be found in virile patches growing on ocean beaches. Barely cover seed and keep evenly moist until germination. Sow in spring.|
|Rue, Common||Ruta graveolens||6||Strongly stimulating and antispasmodic - often employed, in form of a warm infusion, as an emmenagogue. In excessive doses, it is an acro-narcotic poison, and on account of its emetic tendencies should not be administered immediately after eating. It forms a useful medicine in hysterical affections, in coughs, croupy affections, colic and flatulence, being a mild stomachic. The oil may be given on sugar, or in hot water. Externally, Rue is an active irritant, being employed as a rubefacient. If bruised and applied, the leaves will ease the severe pain of sciatica. The expressed juice, in small quantities, was a noted remedy for nervous nightmare, and the fresh leaves applied to the temples are said to relieve headache. Compresses saturated with a strong decoction of the plant, when applied to the chest, have been used beneficially for chronic bronchitis. If a leaf or two be chewed, a refreshing aromatic flavour will pervade the mouth and any nervous headache, giddiness, hysterical spasm, or palpitation will be quickly relieved.||Europe|
|Saint John's Wort||Hypericum perforatum||3 to 7||2||restore damaged nerve tissue, strengthens urinary organs, antidepressant.||Europe, Asia||(St. John’s Wort) Herbaceous perennial with worldwide distribution. We love this herb that volunteers so selflessly for the betterment of all. Traditional usage (TWM): restore damaged nerve tissue, strengthens urinary organs, antidepressant. Plant prefers dry to mesic, poor or quickly draining soils, full sun. Light dependent germinator. Sow in spring. Use very sandy soil mix, press seed firmly into surface and keep evenly moist and in the light until germ, which takes about 5 days. Transplant or thin to 3 to 4 feet apart. Flowers yellow to 3 to 4 feet. Many growers have had questions about this herb because it looks a bit like 2 different herbs depending on the season. First year it creeps and crawls, and second year it sends up multiple stiff stems that flower yellow in midsummer.|
|Salad Burnet||Poterium sanquisorba||4 to 10||12||Edible leaf that is tasty in salads with great cucumber like flavor.|
|Skullcap, Baical||Scutellaria lateriflora||4 to 8||3||antiallergic, diuretic, hypotensive, antibacterial, antiviral, tranquilizing and fever-reducing, commonly used for treatment of dysentery, hepatitis, staph. Source of flavones baicalin and wogonin.||Mongolia, Siberia, China||(Skullcap, Baical; Huang-qin) Herbaceous perennial. Native to the shores of Lake Baikal, Mongolia, Siberia, and the Chihli and Shantung provinces of China. The purple flowers are like schools of dolphin breaking through green waves in a summer sea. The part used in traditional Chinese medicine is the dried root. Traditional usage (TCM): antiallergic, diuretic, hypotensive, antibacterial, antiviral, tranquilizing and fever-reducing, commonly used for treatment of dysentery, hepatitis, staph. Source of flavones baicalin and wogonin. This is one of the best Chinese plants to grow organically in America. Not only is it a very striking bedding plant, bearing one of the nicest flowers available from this catalog, but there is on-going demand for the root, which attains harvestable size after only 2 years. Plant prefers sun and regular garden soils. It is extremely drought-tolerant. Sow seed in early spring. Germ. in ~24 days. Space plants 12 inches apart. Flowers to 12 inches tall. As the plants age they become wider, much like humans in middle age, but unlike humans, the seed they produce becomes increasingly viable the older they get.|
|Skullcap, Barbat||Scutellaria barbata||7 to 10||6||clears heat, infection, tumors, hepatitis.||China, SE||(Barbat Skullcap, Ban-zhi-lian) Herbaceous perennial to 18 inches. Native to southeastern China. Flowers large and blue/purple. Traditional usage (TCM): clears heat, infection, tumors, hepatitis. Plant prefers part shade to sun, moist soils. Barely cover seed with soil and tamp securely, then keep evenly moist and warm until germination, which is rapid. Thin or transplant to 1 foot apart|
|Skullcap,Official||Scutellaria lateriflora||6 to 9||4||sleeplessness, anxiety and depression.||(Mad Dog Skullcap, Virginia Skullcap) Herbaceous perennial native to the US. Plant prefers part shade to full sun and rich, moist soils. Traditional usage: TWM, sleeplessness, anxiety and depression. The plant itself is likeable and unassuming, with a multi-stemmed, upright habit, reddish stems and blue flowers protruding sideways at the axils (thus lateriflora, which is very often and incorrectly called “laterifolia” in the herb industry). Plant prefers fertile, moist soil, part shade to full sun. Thin to 6 inches. Flowers blue to 2 feet tall.|
|Sorrel, Large Leaf||Rumex acetosa||8|
|Thyme, Wild||Thymus praecox||10||People take wild thyme for breathing problems including cough, bronchitis, and swollen airways. They also take it for kidney and bladder disorders, intestinal gas, and colic.|
|Tulsi, Rama||Ocimum tenuiflorum||10 to 12, otherwise grown as a summer annual 60 days to harvest, or a potted plant brought in for the winter||30||stress, anxiety, heart disease, arthritis, diabetes, and dementia.||India||(Rama Tulsi, Tulasi, Holy Basil) Perennial bush basil from India–the main type grown there. Purple stemmed with green leaves, sometimes tinted in purple, open form to 4 feet, flowers reddish purple. Highly aromatic plant, testing high in both eugenol and rosmarinic acid. Traditional usage (Ayurveda): stress, anxiety, heart disease, arthritis, diabetes, and dementia. Drinking tulsi tea in the morning is a fantastic way to get started. Prepare a flat of potting soil or a fine seedbed in spring and scatter seeds on surface, then press in and keep evenly moist and warm until germination, which is rapid. Transplant or thin to 2 feet apart.|
|Valerian||Valeriana officinalis||2||Valerian is most commonly used for sleep disorders, especially the inability to sleep (insomnia). It is frequently combined with hops, lemon balm, or other herbs that also cause drowsiness.|
|Vervain, Blue||Verbena hastata||3 to 7||20||indigestion, colds, and fevers. A good ingredient for home brew, it is also a traditional offering plant to honor the garden spirits.||America, Eastern||(American Blue Vervain, Swamp Verbena) Upright yet creeping, self-seeding herbaceous perennial native to the Eastern US. Bright blue flowers on reddish-tinted plants, in multiple, long-lasting, handsome spikes. Fresh or dried leaf is the part used. Traditional usage: indigestion, colds, and fevers. A good ingredient for home brew, it is also a traditional offering plant to honor the garden spirits. Plants prefer full sun to part shade and moist garden soils. Good drainage is not a necessary prerequisite. If there is a concern that the plant will spread, then keep it in a pot, or provide other suitable barriers, and cut back the flowers after peak display. Sow in the early spring or give 2 weeks cold conditioning by putting seeds in moist medium in a plastic bag in the fridge (not freezer) and then sow in warm soil. Barely cover and tamp. Germ in 2 to 4 weeks. Space plants 6 inches apart.|
|Vitex||Vitex negundo||6 to 10||2||relieve headaches, dizziness, colds and mental problems.||China||A magnificent garden plant, it blooms profusely all summer attracting bees and butterflies. The plants can achieve a height of 10 ft. or more. Plants are used medicinally to relieve headaches, dizziness, colds and mental problems.|
|Yarrow, Coastal||Achillea millefolium L. var. litoralis||4 to 8||5||astringent, hemostatic, antibacterial.||America, West Coast||(Oregon Coast Yarrow, Coastal Yarrow) Native to the coast of Oregon and California, this is the largest flowered yarrow worldwide, with flattened heads that can reach 8 inches wide (see photo). Furthermore, they are aromatic to the max, provide a heavenly retreat for native pollinators, are vigorous spreaders and protectors of coastal bluff and other lands threatened by erosion. Traditional usage (American Indian, TWM): astringent, hemostatic, antibacterial. Plant prefers full sun and fast draining soils. Sow seed in spring and transplant after the seedlings are big enough to thrive on their own. Space plants 3 feet apart.|
|*Mennonite Stuffing Pepper||8|
|*Buena Mulata Hot Pepper||7|
|*Hinkelhatz Hot Pepper||16|