Life Expectancy 2015 GNI, PPP_gdp
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VariableDescription
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countrynameName of Country or Region
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yearYear of observation
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life_expLife expectancy at birth (years)
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idUnique country identification number
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gni_per_capPer capita gross national income
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PPP_gdpPer capita gross domestic product (atlas method)
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wbclassWorld bank development classification
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oecd_memberIf 0, not OECD member. If 1, OECD member
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Source
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1World Bank, World Development Indicators
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Data Notes
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Data are not available for all countries in all years
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Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
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GNI per capita (formerly GNP per capita) is the gross national income, converted to U.S. dollars using the World Bank Atlas method, divided by the midyear population. GNI is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. GNI, calculated in national currency, is usually converted to U.S. dollars at official exchange rates for comparisons across economies, although an alternative rate is used when the official exchange rate is judged to diverge by an exceptionally large margin from the rate actually applied in international transactions. To smooth fluctuations in prices and exchange rates, a special Atlas method of conversion is used by the World Bank. This applies a conversion factor that averages the exchange rate for a given year and the two preceding years, adjusted for differences in rates of inflation between the country, and through 2000, the G-5 countries (France, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States). From 2001, these countries include the Euro area, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
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PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP as the U.S. dollar has in the United States. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current international dollars. For most economies PPP figures are extrapolated from the 2011 International Comparison Program (ICP) benchmark estimates or imputed using a statistical model based on the 2011 ICP. For 47 high- and upper middle-income economies conversion factors are provided by Eurostat and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
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For information about how the World Bank classifies countries into different income groups, see: https://datahelpdesk.worldbank.org/knowledgebase/articles/378833-how-are-the-income-group-thresholds-determined
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LINKS: http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GNP.PCAP.CD
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http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.PP.CD
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http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.DYN.LE00.IN
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