The Money Trail - South
 Share
The version of the browser you are using is no longer supported. Please upgrade to a supported browser.Dismiss

 
View only
 
 
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
1
Refugees and migrants spent over €13 billion since 2000 to reach Europe
2
3
Methodological notes
4
The estimates on the amount paid by refugees and migrants is based on the number of "detections" reported by European Member States to FRONTEX (before 2008: data from Clandestino which is compatible with said routes) and the median of various sources mentioning the prices of a crossing on a FRONTEX-defined route.

A 2011 report on Turkish refugees points out that one in 7 refugee or migrant do not pay for the journey (other accounts, like the Red Cross data set, show a higer rate of paying passengers - 97%). Therefore, a 15% discount was applied to the final results for all routes.

Prices are in 2014 euros (prices before 2014 have been corrected for inflation).
5
6
It vastly undercounts the real amount:
* Thousands of refugees and migrants come by air with forged documents, at a price ranging from 5000 to 20000 EUR.
* The amounts count only FRONTEX-routes and not the routes needed to reach the points of departure for the last leg of the journey (e.g the trip to Tripoli), which costs several hundreds USD.
* Data on detections is incomplete in years prior to 2008.
* Using the median limits the risk of including high amounts. However, numerous reports of Syrians paying up to 10,000 EUR per person to cross the Med exist.
* A person "detected" (i.e who reached Europe) can have done the journey several times if he or she was pushed back before.
* Over 29,000 have died, even though they paid.
7
8
Make sure to read the entire Methodology as well
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
Loading...
 
 
 
Methodology
Prices
Spent by route
Total spent by 5 year period
Price by route and year
Number of migrefs - FRONTEX routes
Number of migrefs - Other
Exchange rates
Deflator
Yearly estimates
Trials to get docs from
Spain - prices from RC dataset