UPR2016Status of recommendations
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UPR - COUNTRIES UNDER REVIEW: 2016 status
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*HAS NOT RATIFIED ICESCR ** RATIFIED ICESCR, NON-SIGNATORY to OP-ICESCR *** OP-ICESCR SIGNATORIES, and UNDER REVIEW IN 2016 (Paraguay, Solomon Islands-24th; Ireland-25th; Timor Leste, Togo, Venezuela-26th) **** country has signed and ratifed OP-ICESCR, and under review in 2016 (Belgium; Niger-24th)
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**____** note recommendations from Asian Countries
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NOTE: SEE COUNTRY HYPERLINK FOR ADDITIONAL DETAIL (receommendations made by corresponding country)
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UPR - 24th Session: 18-29 Jan 2016OP-ICESCR Recommendations Signatory or Ratified OP-Civil and Political RightsUPR - 25th Session: 2-3 May 2016OP-ICESCR Recommendations Signatory or Ratified OP-Civil and Political RightsUPR - 26th Session: 31 Oct-11 Nov 2016 (report deadline 25 July 2016)PREVIOUS/ OP-ICESCR Recommendations & Statements Signatory or Ratified OP-Civil and Political Rights
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**Denmark1st CYCLE RECOMMENDATIONS: (Spain), Noted: Sign and ratify the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights Palestine), Noted: Sign and ratify the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (Ecuador), Noted: Accept the right to present individual communications provided for the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, and withdraw the reservation to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights IMPORTANT NOTE:, (Russia), Accepted: Identify, pursuant to the recommendations of the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, cases of racism and xenophobia, combat them and foster intercultural understanding and toleranceICCPR: 1972 | OP-ICCPR: 1972 | 2nd OP-ICCPR: 1994*Antigua and Barbuda (has made no recommendations nor voluntary pledges)Has not ratified the ICESCR. General references made to considering legal instruments. 1st CYCLE RECOMMENDATIONS: (Brazil), Accepted: Consider acceding to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, and the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (France), Accepted: Strengthen its legal arsenal by acceding to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, to the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance, and the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (Morocco), Accepted: Pursue the implementation of strategies and action plans in favour of the socio-economic and cultural development (Mexico), Accepted: Request technical cooperation and assistance from the international community, including the appropriate international agencies, to strengthen national capacities to collect, process and analyse relevant human rights statistical information _________________________________________________________________ ASIA GENERAL REFERENCES TO HUMAN RIGHTS: (**Indonesia**), Accepted: Adopt and implement a comprehensive national human rights action plan not ratified / non signatory (France), Noted Strengthen its legal arsenal by acceding to the Optional Protocol to ICCPR (France, Australia), Noted Accede to the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which abolishes capital punishment under any circumstances **Haiti(France), Accepted: Strengthen its judicial framework by acceding to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, to the two Optional Protocols to the International Covenant on the Political and Civilian Rights, … (Poland), Accepted: Ratify the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the Convention against Torture and the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography (Brazil), Accepted: Continue its cooperation with the mechanisms of the Human Rights Council (Paraguay), Accepted:Continue the cooperation with the Special Procedures and the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights in their work to promote and protect human rights (Costa Rica), Accepted: Consider using the cooperation mechanisms and facilities offered by the international community system to overcome the shortage of technical and financial resources it may have __________________________________________________________ GENERAL REFERENCES FROM ASIA (**Thailand**), Accepted Adopt a human rights based approach to its reconstruction and development process Ratified ICCPR (1991) | Non-Signatory; OP-ICCPR, 2nd OP-ICCPR
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**Estonia1st CYCLE RECOMMENDATIONS: (Spain), Noted: Sign and ratify the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (OP-ICESCR) and OP-CRPD (Ecuador), Noted: Sign and ratify OP-ICESCR ICCPR: 1972 | OP-ICCPR: 1991 | 2nd OP-ICCPR: 2004**Greece Ratified ICESCR in 1985. Non-signatory to OP-ICESCR. (UKRAINE), Noted: Accede to the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (SPAIN), Noted: Sign and ratify the Optional Protocol of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (Portugal), Noted: Sign and ratify the Optional Protocol of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights allowing individual complaints of alleged violations of these rights to be heard by CESCR (Palestine), Noted: Ratify a certain number of human rights treaties such as the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (Cyprus), Noted: Proceed with the ratification of the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Right Ratified ICESCR (1985)
 Ratified ICCPR (1997) Ratified 2nd OP-ICCPR (1997)

**IcelandVOLUNTARY PLEDGE: see country link (Brazil), Noted: Ratify the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance and the optional protocol to the United Nations Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment and the Optional Protocol to the Covenant on, Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (Spain), Noted: Sign and ratify the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, ratify the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (URUGUAY) Ratify or accede to the the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families and the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights Ratified ICCPR (1979) | Ratified OP-ICCPR (1979) | Ratified 2nd OP-ICCPR (1991)
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**Latvia(Iran), Noted: Adopt specific economic, social and cultural measures to combat discrimination and promote equal opportunities for disadvantaged and marginalized individuals and groups (Ecuador), Noted: Accede to or ratify the following international instruments: the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women, the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, and the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (Spain), Noted: Sign and ratify the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, and the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (Palestine), Noted: Consider the possibility of ratifying the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (Australia), Accepted: Accede to the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, aiming at the abolition of the death penalty, and take the necessary steps to remove the death penalty from Latvia's justice system (Russia), Noted: In accordance with the recommendations of international human rights institutions, grant to non-citizens, without delay, the right to participate in the political life of the country, including in municipal elections, and the opportunity to enjoy all economic, social and cultural rights  Ratified ICCPR (1992) | Ratified OP-ICCPR (1994) | Ratified Second Op-ICCPR (2013) 1st CYCLE RECOMMENDATIONS : (Slovenia), Accepted: Ratify step by step the outstanding core international instruments, namely the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, the , the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (Ecuador), Accepted: Accede to or ratify the following international instruments: the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, aiming at the abolition of the death penalty Czech Republic), Noted: Accelerate the process of ratification of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment, and the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (Brazil), Noted: Ratify the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, and the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (France), Noted: Ratify the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, the Second Optional Protocol to International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (Spain), Accepted: Sign and ratify the Second Optional Protocol to International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (Lithuania), Accepted: Ratify the Second Optional Protocol to International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, aiming at the abolition of the death penalty (Swedene) Accepted: Continue the work towards the abolition of the death penalty under all circumstances and accede to the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, aiming at the abolition of the death penalty (Belgium)Accepted: Ratify at the earliest the Second Optional Protocol to International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights as well as Protocol No. 13 to the European Convention on Human Rights concerning the abolition of the death penalty **Hungary(Spain), Noted: Sign and ratify the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights ______________________________________________ General References from Asian Countries (**Iran**), Noted: Adopt measures to combat discrimination and promote equal economic and social opportunities for disadvantaged and marginalized individuals and groups (**Korea**), Noted: Establish a comprehensive human rights framework upon which to develop more coordinated and effective policy measures and strategies for promoting human rights and that such a framework includes initiatives to set up a national human rights institutions in line with the Paris Principles Ratified ICCPR (1974) | Ratified OP-ICCPR (1988) | Ratified Second Op-ICCPR (1994)**Lithuania(Spain), Noted: Sign and ratify the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (Uruguay), Noted: Ratify or access, as appropriate, the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant of Social, Economic and Cultural Rights  Ratified ICCPR (191) | Ratified OP-ICCPR (1991) | Ratified 2nd OP-ICCPR (2002)
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*Mozambique1st CYCLE RECOMMENDATIONS: (Spain), Aceepted: Sign and ratify ICESCR and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR-OP 1) (Portugual), Accepted: Accelerate the ratification process of a number of relevant international legal instruments on human rights, namely ICESCR and ICCPR-OP 1 (Slovakia), Accepted: Ratify ICCPR-OP 1 and ICESCR (Spain), Accepted: Sign and ratify the Optional Protocol to ICESCR (OP-ICESCR). Intensify efforts with a view to the prompt ratification of CED (Portugual), Accepted: Accelerate the ratification process of a number of relevant international legal instruments on human rights, namely OP-ICESCR, OPCAT and the Rome Statute of the ICC (Slovakia), Accepted: Ratify OP-ICESCR, the Rome Statute of the ICC as well as the 1954 Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons and the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness  Ratified ICCPR (1993) | OP-ICCPR (non-signatory) | Ratified Second Op-ICCPR (1993) 1st CYCLE RECOMMENDATIONS: (Rep. of Congo), Accepted: Continue its cooperation with treaty bodies and submit its initial report on the implementation of ICCPR as well as the report on the application of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography (OP-CRC-SC) ***Ireland(Ecuador), Accepted: Sign and ratify the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (OP-ICESCR) ___________________________________________________ GENERAL REFERENCES FROM ASIAN COUNTRIES: (Cambodia), Accepted: Take steps to ensure that the current economic crisis does not erode human rights, in particular by developing a National Action Plan on Human Rights as well as by providing continued support and shared experience on human rights worldwide (Iraq), Accepted: Take the measures required to respect economic, social and cultural rights (Pakistan), Accepted: Improve social and economic conditions of the members of the Traveller community (Iran), Accepted: Withdraw its reservations to the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD), ICESCR and ICCPR Ratified ICCPR (1989) | Ratified OP-ICCPR (1989) | Ratified Second Op-ICCPR (1993)**Republic of Moldova(Uruguay), ACCEPTED: Ratify or accede to, as appropriate, the Optional Protocol to ICESCR, CED, ICRMW, and the Optional Protocol to CRPD (Spain), ACCEPTED: Sign and ratify the Optional Protocol to ICESCR and CRPD and ratify CED (Russia), Accepted: Develop and implement a set of measures that will make it possible to fully implement economic and social human rights, especially the right to employment and the right to an adequate level of remunerationRatified 2006 a
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**Namibia1st CYCLE RECOMMENDATIONS: (**China**), Accepted: Continue to take effective measures to eliminate social inequalities such as skewed distribution of income and to promote the sound and sustained development of the country's economy and society (Spain), Accepted: Promote a policy of equality and non-discrimination and that Namibia step up its efforts to reduce poverty with economic and social measures which ensure equal opportunity to citizens in the social, economic and political life of the country (Nigeria), Accepted: Continue its efforts to promote economic, social and cultural rights and initiate national policies to guarantee the rights of its people and create a conducive environment for socio-economic development (**Singapore**), Accepted: Continue to prioritize the education and health sectors in its development plans (Ecuador),Accepted: Ratify the following international instruments: the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearances (CED), OP-CAT and the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (OP-ICESCR) (Portugal), Accepted: Sign and ratify OP-ICESCR as soon as possible, allowing individual complaints of alleged violations of these rights to be heard by the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (Spain), Accepted: Sign and ratify OP-ICESCR, OP-CAT and CED (Argentina), Accepted:Become a party to OP-ICESCR, OP-CAT, CMW and CED  Ratified ICCPR (1994) | Ratified OP-ICCPR (1994) | Ratified Second Op-ICCPR (1994)**Papua New Guinea(Norway), Accepted: Improve its cooperation with the United Nations treaty bodies by reporting on the implementation of its obligations under the Conventions it has ratified, namely, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD), CEDAW and the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) (Chile), Accepted: Consider requesting technical cooperation and assistance for the preparation and submission of reports to the United Nations treaty bodies . (Cuba), Accepted: Continue implementing programmes and measures aimed at ensuring universal and quality health and education services for all its population (Australia), Accepted: Prioritize efforts to achieve the maternal health and basic education Millennium Development Goals __________________________________________________________________ GENERAL REFERENCES FROM ASIAN COUNTRIES: (**Malaysia**), Accepted Take appropriate measures, in accordance with its international obligations, aimed at ensuring universal education, including free and compulsory primary education Ratified ICCPR (2008) | Non-Signatory; OP-ICCPR, Second Op-ICCPR (1993) (Slovakia), Noted take steps to abolish the death penalty entirely, including the ratification of the Second Optional Protocol to ICCPR **Syrian Arab Republic(Canada), Noted: Comply with its legal obligations concerning the rights of minorities and guarantee the civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights of persons belonging to the Kurdish minority (Uruguay), Accepted: Maintain a relation of cooperation with the universal system of promotion and protection of human rights (Slovenia), Accepted: Cooperate with the international community, in particular through cooperation with the Office for the High Commissioner for Human Rights and the recently established Commission of Inquiry (Switzerland), Accepted: Cooperate with the competent authorities of the United Nations and in particular accept the visit of the Independent Commission of Inquiry composed of international experts (Chile, Peru, France, Canada, Brazil, Spain, Switzerland), Accepted : Extend cooperation to the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights so that the Office can visit Syria as soon as possible, and facilitate the investigation requested by the Human Rights Council ________________________________________________________________________________ GENERAL REFERENCES FROM ASIAN COUNTRIES (Lebanon), Accepted: Further pursue the policies and programs to improve quality and effectiveness of basic social services provided to its citizens (Malaysia), Accepted: Deepen and widen cooperation with the United Nations human rights system, and in particular with the Human Rights Council and its mechanisms Vietnam, Accepted: Implement political and economic reforms conducted with the full participation of all social sectors for the development of the country and better ensure the fundamental rights and freedom for the people (Thailand, Korea, Japan), Accepted: Cooperate with the United Nations and Human Rights Council mechanisms, particularly the Commission of Inquiry established by the Human Rights Council  Ratified ICCPR (1969) | Non-Signatory; OP-ICCPR, 2nd OP-ICCPR
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*Palau1st CYCLE GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS: (Trinidad and Tobago), Noted: Ratify fundamental international human rights instruments in order to create a proper national framework of action to promote and protect human rights (Argentina), Noted: Consider the possibility of ratifying the main human rights international instruments, particularly the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and its Optional Protocols, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women and its Optional Protocols, and the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance Signed ICCPR (2011), not ratified | Non-Signatory; OP-ICCPR, 2nd Op-ICCPR**Saint Vincent and the Grenadines(Nicaragua), Accepted: Continue to work on its human development plan and include cooperation and technical assistance strategies to use and integrate the outcome of the universal periodic review (Cuba), Accepted: Continue applying socio-economic development strategies and plans in the country, in particular those geared towards combating poverty (Spain), Noted: Sign and ratify the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (Portugal), Noted: Sign and ratify the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights as soon as possible, allowing individual complaints of alleged violations of Economic, Social and Cultural rights to be heard by the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights __________________________________________________________ GENERAL REFERENCES FROM ASIAN COUNTRIES: (**Thailand**), Accepted: Continue to seek technical cooperation and assistance from the international community and such agencies as OHCHR in its promotion and protection of human rights, particularly capacity-building for preparing the national reports under human rights conventions to which it is a party and capacity-building for its human rights officers Ratified ICCPR (1981) | Ratified OP-ICCPR (1981), Non-Signatory, 2nd Op-ICCPR*South SudanNO ESC SPECIFIC RECOMMENDATIONS PERTAINING TO ICESCR nor OP-ICESCR Sampling of General Transitional Justice // Civil Society Areas (Djibouti), Noted: (makes second recommendation to cancel out debt…): In light of exceptional circumstances, appeal to the international community for its consent to cancelling Sudan%u2019s debt, which would constitute remarkable progress towards achievement of the Millennium Development Goals, ensure conditions of an equitable economic development and have a positive impact on the enjoyment of human rights for millions of Sudanese (Norway), Accepted: Complete its transition from a militarized society to a democratic system based on the rule of law under civilian rule (Norway), Noted: Take concrete steps to ensure freedom of the media and investigate any intimidation and arbitrary detention of journalists and human rights defenders with a view to bringing such practices to an end /// Strengthen awareness of and respect for human rights within the armed forces, police and judiciary (UK), Noted: Respect the rights to freedom of expression, association and assembly by allowing human rights defenders, political dissidents and journalists to express their views freely in line with international human rights law (Norway), Noted: Strengthen the capacity to adequately protect and promote human rights in cooperation with OHCHR (France), Noted: Continue to fully cooperate with the Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in Sudan (Austria), Noted: Cooperate in the follow-up to this review Non-Signatory; ICCPR, OP-ICCPR, 2nd OP-ICCPR
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***Paraguay1st CYCLE RECOMMENDATIONS: (Cuba), Accepted: Continue implementing programmes and measures to improve the enjoyment of the right to education and the right to health, including for the indigenous peoples (Venezuela), Accepted: Continue with its full cooperation with the human rights international mechanisms, particularly with the treaty bodies (Norway), Accepted): Undertake a participatory and inclusive process with civil society organizations, including indigenous peoples organizations, in the implementation of universal periodic review recommendations (Moldova), Accepted: Ratify the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (Spain), Accepted: Conclude as soon as possible the ratification process of the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (Sweden), Accepted: Develop an action plan to address disparities in socio-economic indicators between persons belonging to indigenous communities and non indigenous persons (France), Accepted: Take the necessary measures to eliminate the socio-economic disparities affecting indigenous populations ___________________________________________ ASIA GENERAL REFERENCES TO POVERTY, HUMAN RIGHTS, EDUCATION: (**Thailand**), Accepted: Step up its efforts in providing equal opportunities to education and work to both vulnerable groups and minorities Ratified ICCPR (1992) | Ratified OP-ICCPR (1995) | Ratified Second Op-ICCPR (2003)*Samoa(Brazil), Accepted: Consider ratifying, as soon as possible, fundamental international human rights instruments and their optional protocols to which Samoa is not yet a party (Ecuador), Accepted: Consider the possibility of acceding to and/or ratifying the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and its Optional Protocol (Costa Rica), Accepted: Consider signing and ratifying international instruments to which it is not a party, especially the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment and its Optional Protocol, and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (Germany), Accepted: Sign and ratify the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and its Optional Protocol _________________________ GENERAL REFERENCES FROM ASIAN COUNTRIES (**Thailand**), Accepted: Continue to seek technical cooperation and assistance from the international community, such as OHCHR and UNFPA, in relevant areas, particularly capacity-building for preparing its national reports under human rights conventions to which Samoa is a party (**Philippines**), Accepted: Seek to enhance its programmes on human rights education and training in schools and for public officials, in cooperation with the international community  Ratified ICCPR (2008) | Non-Signatory; OP-ICCPR, 2nd Op-ICCPR ________________ (France), Accepted: Confirm its commitment towards the abolition of the death penalty by ratifying the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which abolishes the death penalty under all circumstances ***Timor Leste(Uruguay), Accepted: Ratify or accede, as appropriate, to the First Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights as well as the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (Austria), Accepted: Ratify the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and the first Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (Poland), Accepted: Ratify the First Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (Norway), Accepted: Continue supporting and cooperating with the UNDP in projects aiming at strengthening the institutional capacity of the justice system (Venezuela), Accepted: Continue, with urgent international assistance and cooperation without conditionalities, to strengthen its policies in the fields of education and health in order to be able to provide the basic social services required by its people, in conditions that guarantee equal access, with special attention to the most vulnerable sectors of the population _________________________________________________________ GENERAL REFERENCES FROM ASIAN COUNTRIES: (**Laos**), Accepted: Continue to cooperate with the UN and other international organisations to develop its legal and institutional framework with respect to the promotion and protection of Human Rights in Timor-Leste (**Nepal**), Accepted: Continue building and strengthening national democratic mechanisms including the judicial institutions, and put in place all necessary institutional mechanisms for protecting the vulnerable population from all kinds of abuses (**Vietnam**), Accepted: Further increase regional and international cooperation on human rights, particularly with the ASEAN nations and with the Human Rights Council (**Thailand**), Accepted: Continue its efforts in the development of overall infrastructure in the country and capacity building for its personnel to ensure the provision of the basic needs of its people, particularly for food, energy, education, health care and access to justice (**Philippines**), Accepted: Continue to build partnerships with friendly countries and organizations, and explore all possible avenues of cooperation, either at bilateral, regional or international levels, to improve the country's capacity and to enhance its manpower in order to allow the people of Timor-Leste full enjoyment of their rights Ratified ICCPR (2003) | Non-Signatory OP-ICCPR | Ratified 2nd OP-ICCPR (2003)
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**Seychelles1st CYCLE RECOMMENDATIONS: (Argentina), Accepted: Consider the possibility of ratifying the Optional Protocols to ICCPR, CEDAW, CRC, CRPD and CED (Ecuador), Accepted: Conclude the process of ratification of the Optional Protocol to CEDAW and to OP-CRC-SC and consider ratifying the optional protocols to CAT, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESC) and CED _________________________________________________________________ OTHER GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS: (Slovenia), Accepted), Continue efforts with regard to the ratification and implementation of core human rights treaties, and develop further the institutional framework for the implementation of human rights standards contained therein (Cuba), Noted: Continue applying the country's socio-economic development strategies and plans (Cuba), Noted: Continue implementing programmes and measures designed to ensure universal access for its population to education, health and social security services (Mexico), Accepted: Request necessary technical assistance and cooperation for implementation of the recommendations accepted in the universal periodic reviewRatified ICCPR (1992) | Ratified OP-ICCPR (1992) | Ratified Second Op-ICCPR (1994) (Spain), Accepted: Take the measures to comply with its commitment to present periodic reports to the Human Rights Committee in accordance with article 40 of ICCPR, and ensure full cooperation with this mechanism **Sudan(Spain), Noted: Sign and ratify the First Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and the Optional Protocol to Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (Austria), Accepted: Cooperate in the follow-up to this review (Norway(, Accepted: Strengthen the capacity to adequately protect and promote human rights in cooperation with OHCHR (Djibouti), Accepted: In light of exceptional circumstances, appeal to the international community for its consent to cancelling Sudan's debt, which would constitute remarkable progress towards achievement of the Millennium Development Goals, ensure conditions of an equitable economic development and have a positive impact on the enjoyment of human rights for millions of Sudanese _____________________________ GENERAL REFERENCES FROM ASIANCOUNTRIES **Japan**), Accepted: Ratify as soon as possible the main international human rights instruments to which it is not yet a party (**Pakistan**), Accepted (action level 1), Seek the support of the international community in addressing human rights challenges, including development projects (**Malaysia**), Accepted (action level 2), Continue to avail itself of offers of technical assistance and capacity building from relevant development partners at the bilateral, regional and multilateral levels (**Thailand**), Accepted(action level 2), Continue to seek technical cooperation and assistance from the international community and relevant international and regional stakeholders, particularly UNMIS and UNAMID, for support in strengthening its human rights institutions and implementing the UPR recommendations Ratified ICCPR (1986) | Non-Signatory; OP-ICCPR, 2nd OP-ICCPR (Switzerland), Noted: Ratify the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (Australia), Noted: Accede to the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, aimed at abolishing the death penalty, and take the necessary steps to remove the death penalty from Sudan's justice system ***Togo (Spain), Noted : Ratify the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (Republic of Congo), Accepted: Perseverate in its efforts to ensure that the population fully exercise and enjoy its political, civil, economic, social and cultural rights (Venezuela), Accepted: Continue consolidating further an education system in accordance with its population's needs as the only way to move toward a true development with a human face, for which the international community should provide its assistance and cooperation without condition to address the teacher shortage and the current infrastructure needs in the area of education (Chad), Accepted: Seek technical and financial assistance from the international community in order to build the capacity of those working in the field of human rights towards the improvement of their activities for the benefit of the population, to achieve envisaged objectives in the field of administration of justice, construction and/or rehabilitation of prisons in accordance with international standards, to implement the recommendations by the Commission on Truth, Justice and Reconciliation, to introduce human rights in school curricula and, to harmonize national legislation with international instruments (Turkey, Angola, Senegal, Accepted: International Financial and Technical Assistance appeals (Spain), Noted: Extend an open and standing invitation to all Special Procedures _____________________________________ GENERAL REFERENCES FROM ASIAN COUNTRIES: (**Vietnam**), Accepted: Set priorities to ensure the basic social and economic rights, particularly in the fields of employment, poverty reduction, education and healthcare. At the same time, priority policies and measures should also be provided to support the social vulnerable groups, like women, children and the poor people  Ratified ICCPR (2003) | Non-Signatory OP-ICCPR | Ratified 2nd OP-ICCPR (2003) (Moldova), accepted: Pursue its efforts in order to complement its commitments towards the promotion and protection of human rights by ratifying the relevant international instruments and, in particular, the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (Uruguay), Accepted: Ratify or accede to, where appropriate, the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (Argentina), Accepted: Study the possibility to ratify the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (Australia), Accepted: Take further steps to protect freedom of expression and opinion, in line with its obligations under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
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**Sierra Leone1st CYCLE RECOMMENDATIONS: (Spain), Accepted: Sign and ratify the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, and ratify the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (Ecuador), Accepted: Accede to/or ratify the following international instruments: the Optional Protocols to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment and its Optional Protocol, Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, and the second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights _____________________________________ ASIA GENERAL REFERENCES TO POVERTY | HUMAN RTS | EDUC | HEALTH: (**China**), Accepted: Continue to take effective measures to push forward the poverty alleviation strategy and ensure people's basic human rights, such as the right to subsistence and the right to development (**Bangladesh**), Accepted: Continue with the support and cooperation of the international community to fight poverty (**Indonesia**), Accepted: Incorporate human rights education and awareness training into the school curriculum through cooperation with and assistance from the international community  Ratified ICCPR (1996) | Ratified OP-ICCPR (1996) | Non-Signatory, 2nd OP-ICCPR (Portugal), Accepted :Sign the Second Optional Protocol to ICCPR (France), Accepted: Sign and ratify the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights which prohibits the death penalty in all circumstances (Spain), Accepted: Establish a moratorium on the application of death penalty with a view to its definitive abolition in legislation and, in this case, sign and ratify the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (Switzerland), Accepted: Abolish the death penalty and ratify the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights **Suriname(Algeria), Accepted: Strengthen the poverty reduction programmes by paying specific attention to the economic, social and cultural rights of the most disadvantaged and fighting against regional disparities in terms of their development (Ecuador), Noted: Consider ratifying those main international instruments to which it is not party, particularly the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment and its Optional Protocol, the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families, the Optional Protocols to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women  Ratified ICCPR (1976) | Ratified OP-ICCPR (1976) | Non-Signatory, 2nd OP-ICCPR (Spain), Accepted: Abolish the death penalty and sign and ratify the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights**Ugandano rspecific calls for ratifying OP-ICESCR. (Cuba), Accepted: Continue to implement strategies and socio-economic development plans in order to advance in the realization of the Millennium Development Goals by 2015 (Nepal), Accepted: Introduce human rights education to increase the awareness of people about all sets of human rights (Czech, Belgium,, Switzerland, Australia, Sweden): Ratify the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR-OP 2)
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*Singapore 1st CYCLE GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS: (Cuba), Accepted: Continue applying programmes and measures aimed at ensuring universal access of its population to its excellent educational and health services and maintain the highest possible quality of these services (Zimbabwe), Accepted: Continue the programme of the provision of quality education including new investments in the development of education (Cuba), Accepted: Continue applying its socio-economic and development strategies and plans in the country (Botswana), Accepted: Build on its record and take additional measures to guarantee basic economic and social rights, such as in education and health, in particular for communities such as disabled, lower income persons and people living with HIV and AIDS _______________________________________________________________________________________ 1st CYCLE SPECIFIC OP RECOMMENDATIONS: (**Timor-Leste**), Noted: Include in its plan for ratification ICCPR and its two Optional Protocols, ICESCR, CAT, ILO Convention No. 87 (1948) concerning Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise, and ICRMW (Slovenia), Accepted: Consider ratifying core international human rights treaties to which Singapore is not yet a party (ICCPR, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), ICERD), the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), OP-CRC-SC, and CRPD with its Optional Protocol (Czech), Accepted: Ratify ICCPR and ICESCR and other core international human rights treaties, such as CAT, CRPD and ICERD, and their optional protocols, and withdraw its reservations on key principles of CRC and CEDAW ________________________ ASIA GENERAL REFERENCES TO POVERTY | HUMAN RTS | EDUC | HEALTH: (**Brunei**), Accepted: Continue its commitment to advancing the lives of its people through the provisions of best education, housing and medical care, which has rightfully earned its international recognition (**Qatar), Accepted: Continue efforts in developing and improving the quality of education so as to preserve human dignity and development in the country (**DPR Korea**): Continue to take proactive and innovative steps aimed at ensuring sustainable development policies related to the promotion of economic, social and cultural rightsnot ratified / non signatory (Various general and specific recommendations to abolish death penalty, caning, etc) - (UK, Switzerland, Czech, Poland)**Swaziland(South Africa), Accepted: Develop a National Human Rights Strategy and Action Plan, while also intensifying its public awareness campaign to the general public and other interested stakeholders (Switzerland), Accepted: Enact the legal act of the Human Rights and Public Administration Commission to ensure its independence and its formal access by the population (United States), Accepted : Enact legislation to fully operationalize the Human Rights and Public Administration Commission, to provide it adequate funding, and to clarify its mandate to civil society and the international community (Norway), Accepted: Takes steps to strengthen the cooperation with United Nations treaty bodies, including presenting reports as requested by such bodies (Norway), Accepted: Take necessary steps to ensure that law enforcement and security officials are subject to legal oversight and operate in compliance with international human rights standards (Cuba), Accepted: Continue implementing strategies and socio-economic development plans to advance in the realization of the Millennium goals by 2015 (Mozambique), Accepted: Seek technical assistance from the international community in developing a National Human Rights Strategy and Action Plan _____________________________________________________ GENERAL REFERENCES FROM ASIAN COUNTRIES: (**Indonesia**), Accepted: Adopt a comprehensive national human rights plan of action (**Qatar**), Accepted: Adopt plans and programmes for awareness education in the field of promotion of human rights and fundamental freedoms, and ensure the follow- up and implementation of recommendations and proposals made concerning human rights Ratified ICCPR (2004) | Non-Signatory; OP-ICCPR, 2nd OP-ICCPR (Switzerland, Hungary, Turkey, Germany, Slovenia, Romania, Portugal, Spain), Noted: Consider t (SIGN or RATIFY) the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (Australia), Noted: Continue towards the implementation of the OP-CAT, the First Optional Protocol to the ICCPR ***Venezuela (UK), Accepted: Implement a comprehensive approach to the follow up of the UPR, which includes open consultation with a wide range of government bodies and civil society representatives (Angola), Accepted: Continue its efforts to promote and fully develop the role of women in the political, economic and social fields (Czech), Noted: Support independent work of the NGOs and create a strategy to defend human rights activists in the interest of sustainable and healthy development of the state _______________________________________ GENERAL REFERENCES FROM ASIA: (**Laos**), Accepted: Continue to cooperate with the UN and other international organizations to develop its legal and institutional framework with respect to promoting and protecting human rights in Venezuela (**Saudi Arabia**), Accepted: Continue to cooperate with human rights mechanisms, be they regional or international (**Singapore**), Accepted: Continue to improve the lives and well-being of its people to bring about the full enjoyment of their human rights  Ratified ICCPR (1978) | Ratified OP-ICCPR (1978), Ratified 2nd OP-ICCPR (1993)
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***Solomon Islands1st CYCLE RECEOMMENDATIONS: (Spain,) Accepted: Sign and ratify the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment and its Optional Protocol, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and its two Optional Protocols, the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance, ratify the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and the two Optional Protocols to the Convention on the Rights of the Child not ratified / non signatory Argentina (Accepted): Consider the possibility of ratifying the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and its Optional Protocols, ........**Tajikistan(Argentina), Noted: Consider the possibility of ratifying CRPD and its Optional Protocol, CED, OP-CESCR (Sweden), Accepted: Cooperate more closely with United Nations special procedures and treaty bodies in order to shorten the delay in presenting reports and implementing their recommendations _____________________________________________________ GENERAL REFERENCES FROM ASIAN COUNTRIES: (**Bangladesh**), Accepted: Continue to fight against human trafficking with the cooperation of international organizations (Switzerland, Czech, Hungary, France, Belgium), Noted: Ratify the Second Optional Protocol to ICCPR (Argentina), Accepted: Consider the possibility of ratifying OP-CAT and OP-ICCPR (Australia), Accepted: Take all necessary measures to abolish the death penalty, including by ratifying the Second Optional Protocol to ICCPR (Romania), Accepted: Abolish the death penalty and consider ratifying the Second Optional Protocol to ICCPR **Zimbabwe (Zambia), Accepted: Consider ratifying outstanding major human rights instruments such as the CAT, the International Convention for the Protection of all Persons against Enforced Disappearances, the International Convention on the rights of Persons with Disabilities and the Optional Protocols to CEDAW, ICCPR, ICESCR and CRC (Cuba), Accepted: Continue with positive actions and programs aimed at guaranteeing universal education and health services of quality to its people as well as those aimed at reducing poverty ((Burkina Faso), Accepted: Continue with measures for an enabling environment for economic, social and cultural rights of the people of Zimbabwe (Spain), Noted: Extend an open and standing invitation to all Special Procedures and avoid delays in the submission of reports to treaty bodies that has been occurring since 2000 (Norway), Noted: Stop the impunity enjoyed by perpetrators of human rights violations against civil society activists, NGOs and human rights defenders and incorporate the United Nations Declaration on Human Rights Defenders in national legislation _____________________________________________ GENERAL REFERENCES FROM ASIA: (**Malaysia**), Accepted: Ensure that the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission is provided with appropriate support and facilities  Ratified ICCPR (1991) | Non-Signatory; OP-ICCPR, 2nd OP-ICCPR (Portugal), Accepted: Sign and ratify the Second Optional Protocol to the ICCPR (Belgium), Accepted: Consider ratifying the Second Optional Protocol to the ICCPR (Romain, Slovenia, Switzerland), Accepted: Ratify both protocols
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**Somalia1st CYCLE RECOMMENDATIONS: (Spain), Accepted: Sign and ratify CEDAW and its Optional Protocol, CED, the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) and its Optional Protocol, OP-CAT, the Optional Protocol to the CRC on the sale of children, and ratify CRC and its Optional Protocol on the involvement of children in armed conflict and OP-ICESCRRatified ICCPR (1990) | Ratified OP-ICCPR (1990) | Non-Signatory, 2nd OP-ICCPR**Thailand(Argentina), Accepted: Study the possibility of ratifying the International Convention on the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (CED), the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR-OP2), the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture (OP- CAT), the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR-OP1), the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (OP-ICESCR), the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families (ICRMW), and the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (OP-CRPD) (Egypt), Accepted: Develop and implement plans and strategies to raise awareness about human rights, including at the local and community levels, and provide human rights training and education for Government officials in particular law enforcement officials (Chad), Accepted: Call on the international community for technical assistance to improve human rights awareness and understanding throughout the population (Venezuela), Accepted: Continue increasing and consolidating the successful social programmes developed to date, essential in the fight to reduce poverty and social exclusion, on the basis of a fair distribution of wealth that will enable the realization of the highest possible welfare for its people ________________________________________________________________________ GENERAL REFERENCES FROM ASIAN COUNTRIES: (**Saudi Arabia**), Accepted: Continue to develop the capacities of institutions working with persons with disabilities, including educational and health institutions (**Laos**), Accepted: Continue cooperating with the United Nations and other international organizations to develop its legal and institutional framework with respect to the promotion and protection of human rights in Thailand (**Singapore**), Accepted: Continue to work closely with ASEAN to build on the mechanisms of the ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights (AICHR) (**Brunei**), Accepted: Continue its efforts in promoting and protecting the human rights of its people, in particular those of vulnerable groups (**Vietnam**), Accepted: Build on reconciliation among different sectors in the society, based on the principles of democracy, rule of law and tolerance, in order to facilitate the political and social stability and economic development (**Oman**), Accepted: Continue to develop the judicial system in order to ensure respect for, and protection of citizens' rights (**Qatar**, Accepted: Accelerate the reform of the judicial system in order to ensure good governance and equality of treatment of people from different social classes **(Malaysia**), Accepted: Continue monitoring and assessing closely the implementation of the Master Plan for the Administration of Justice, and the Strategic Plan for Development of Justice Process in the Southern Border Provinces of Thailand Ratified ICCPR (1996) | Non-Signatory; OP-ICCPR, 2nd OP-ICCPR
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**Trinidad and Tobago(Cuba), Accepted: Continue applying the country's strategies and socioeconomic development plans in order to advance towards the materialization of the Millennium Development Goals ______________________________________________ GENERAL REFERENCES FROM ASIA: (**Sri Lanka**), Accepted: Consider technical assistance in the provision of education infrastructure and in ICT development (**Singapore**), Accepted: Continue to implement its policies and programmes aimed at promoting universal education and developing a knowledge-based society for long-term sustainable development Ratified ICCPR (1978) | Non-Signatory; OP-ICCPR, 2nd OP-ICCPR (France), Noted: Strengthen its judicial arsenal by adhering to international human rights conventions to which it is not yet a party, in particular CAT, CED and OP1-ICCPR (Ecuador), Noted: View positively the reconsideration of the denunciation of the Optional Protocol to ICCPR (Uruguay, Romania, Australia) Noted: Abolish the death penalty definitively in accordance with the Second Optional Protocol to ICCPR
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United Republic of Tanzania(Ghana), Accepted: Ensure effective implementation of the proposed National Plan of Action for the promotion and protection of human rights (Denmark), Accepted: Take adequate measures to protect its population from violence committed by the security forces and establish an independent mechanism for the investigation of complaints regarding abuses carried out by law enforcement officials (Cuba), Accepted: Continue applying the social economic strategies and development plans of the country in order to achieve the Millennium Development Goals between now and 2015 (Zimbabwe), Accepted: Introduce, in the interim, "hot seating" in schools as a stop gap measure to reduce overcrowding in classes (Canada), Accepted: Redouble its efforts to develop and maintain a qualified cadre of highly motivated primary and secondary school teachers capable of providing quality education to students Slovenia), Noted: Sign and ratify also remaining core international human rights instruments (OP-ICESCR, ICCPR-OP1 and OP2, OP-CAT) (Spain, Uruguay), Noted: Extend an open invitation to all Special Procedures of the Human Rights Council (Hungary), Noted: Undertake, as a voluntary measure, a mid-term report to the Human Rights Council on the implementation of the adopted recommendations of this UPR working Group  Ratified ICCPR (1896) | Non-Signatory; OP-ICCPR, 2nd OP-ICCPR (Argentina), Noted): Consider the possibility to ratify the Optional Protocol to national Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (BrazilSweden, Australia: Consider acceding to the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (Cape Verde): Continue to expand the range of main international human rights instruments in effect in the country, in particular through the ratification of the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which aims at abolishing the death penalty (Uruguay), Noted: Ratify or sign, whichever is applicable, the Optional Protocol to the convention against Torture and the two Protocols of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (Germany, United Kingdom, Romania), Noted: Abolish the death penalty
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