ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
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vvelottiLab/department
Contact (e-mail and/or cellphone)
URLMethod (e.g. field experiment, survey, interviews, ...)Type of population involved
Location (Belgium only or international)
Anticipated impact (including practical recommendations)Timing (Date start - Date end)Availability to present at virtual symposium BAPS2020Availability for contacts with the mediaPaper published/research report/ongoinglink papershort summarytake home message
policy implications
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Impact of covid-19 lockdown daily life, well-being and behaviours among youth (12-21 years old)-
Fabienne Glowacz, Emilie Schmits, Margot Goblet, Annabelle Kinard,
ARCh Research Unit , Department of Psychology, ULiege
fabienne.glowacz@uliege.be
SurveyGeneral populationBelgium FWB march 2020 june 2020Yesongoing
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Impact of covid-19 lockdown on intimate partner violenceFabienne Glowacz, Margot Globet, Emilie Schmits,Amandine Dziewa
ARCh Research Unit, Department of Psychology ULiege
fabienne.glowacz@uliege.be
SurveyGenral population
Belgium FWB France Quebec
April 17 to May 1, 2020yesongoing
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Lockdown Distress during the COVID-19 Pandemic: anxiety, depression uncertaintyFabienne Glowacz, Emilie Schmits
ARCh Research Unit , Department of Psychology, ULiege
fabienne.glowacz@uliegehttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2020.113486SurveyGeneral population
Belgium FWB France Quebec
The purpose of this study is to measure the psychological distress related to the COVID-19 crisis and public health measures associated with its lockdown.
April 17 to May 1, 2020Yes
Glowacz, F., & Schmits, E. (2020). Psychological distress during the COVID-19 lockdown: The young adults most at risk. Psychiatry research, 293, 113486
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2020.113486
Young people are more sensitive to lockdown conditions and psychological distress
to propose clear guidelines for teachers to help them communicate with students, to offer access to infrastructure that will be conducive to their well-being, such free psychological consultations, and the promotion of access to sports and cultural centers.To provide public health warnings about the risk of excessive consumption in social contexts among young adults after lockdown
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[UR2NF]
isleep@gmail.com, petersimor@gmail.com
https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSdc3EFgKhA-MtxfsOXU1Vu9aIys5dPJDb9ftGgnzFRFaexaCA/viewform
survey
Belgium, Hungary, Spain mainly
The aim of the study is to examine day-to-day associations between subjective sleep quality and daytime functioning during the large-scale confinement measures taken in Belgium given the current Covid-19 pandemic in Europe. In particular, we are interested in assessing the interplay between altered patterns of sleep timing, duration and quality, and daytime behavior, cognition, and affect for 2 weeks during the confinement period
April 2020 - June 2020Maybe (if preliminary analyses finished)yes
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ARCh Research Unit , Department of Psychology, ULiege
emilie.schmits@uliegesurveygeneral population
Belgium FWB France Quebec
The present study proposes to focus on the role of individual/contextual factors related to confinement and mental health variables on alcohol use during the lockdown (COVID-19 pandemic).
April 17 to May 1, 2020NoNo
Schmits,E. & Glowacz, F. (in press). Changes in Alcohol use during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Impact of the Lockdown Conditions and Mental Health Factors. International journal of mental health and addiction.
Half of the population change their drinking pattern, due to lockdown conditions and anxiodepressive symptoms.
To implement alcohol prevention strategies in the context of health crisis.
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The impact of COVID-19 on the wellbeing and cognitive functioning of older adultsSarah De Pue, Eva Van den Bussche & Céline Gillebert
Brain & Cognition, KU Leuven
eva.vandenbussche@kuleuven.be
Online surveyFlemish adults of 65 years or older
Belgium, Dutch speaking population
We aim to investigate the impact of COVID-19 on the cognitive functioning and well-being of older adults, which is a group at risk. Using several measurement moments, we will also assess the evolution of wellbeing and cognitive functioning over time and study potential moderators.19/5/2020 - 28/12/2020NoYes
Preprint of first paper based on first measurement moment, analyses of follow-up measurements ongoing
https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.08.27.20183129v1COVID-19 took a heavy toll on older adults. In Belgium, by the end of August, 93% of deaths due to COVID-19 were aged 65 or older. Similar trends were observed in other countries. As a consequence, older adults were identified as a group at risk, and strict governmental restrictions were imposed on them. This has caused concerns about their mental health. Using an online survey, this study established the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on adults aged 65 years or older, and which factors moderate this impact. Participants reported a significant decrease in activity level, sleep quality and wellbeing during the COVID-19 pandemic. Depression was strongly related to reported declines in activity level, sleep quality, wellbeing and cognitive functioning. Our study shows that the COVID-19 pandemic had a severe impact on the mental health of older adults. This implies that this group at risk requires attention of governments and healthcare.
1. The COVID-19 pandemic had a severe impact on the wellbeing, activity level and sleep quality of older adults. 2. Only a small group of participants reported a decline in cognitive functioning. 3. All changes reported during the COVID-19 period were strongly related to depression.
1. Concerns raised about the wellbeing of older adults are justified, and this group at risk requires the attention of governments and healthcare. 2. In the future, prevention and intervention strategies are needed to aid older adults to prepare for and cope with extreme stressors, such as COVID-19, especially for those at risk of depression. Psychological counselling could play an important in improving social skills in preventing loneliness and decreased wellbeing. 3. New ways need to be explored to reach older adults. 4. More attention needs to be devoted to the importance of maintaining strong social relationships (for example through social media usage and telephone contact) during major stressors, such as the COVID-19 pandemic. Media actions might help in stressing the importance of maintaining such interactions for older adults.
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The impact of the school closure and home-schooling on the minority-majority achievement gap in education.
Jozefien De Leersnyder, Loes Meeussen, & Karen Phalet
Center for Social and Cultural Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Leuven
jozefien.deleersnyder@kuleuven.be
survey
Pupils in 10 secondary schools in Flanders
Dutch speaking
With this study we not only hope to get insight into the impact of the school-closure and home-schooling policy on the widening of the achievement gap in education, but also to shed light on which personal and school-related factors widen versus buffer against the widening of this gap. Among the personal factors, we study students' home situation, including the practical and mental support that is available from their parents, their pre-corona academic identity and their bond with their teachers. Among the school factors, we study which types of home-schooling tasks are asked for by the school, how teachers communicate with their students, and how the schools generally approach cultural diversity (e.g., in a colorblind vs. intercultural way). In addition, we aim to investigate if the links between these variables and school achievement are mediated by current school engagement and well-being.
May-June 2020 + pre-measure 2019
Most likely not - depends on how fast data come inYes
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School closure during COVID-19: implications for school and psychological adjustment among vulnerable pupils
Jessie Hillekens, Gülseli Baysu, & Karen Phalet
Center for Social and Cultural Psychology, KU Leuven
Jessie.Hillekens@kuleuven.be
Longitudinal survey study with three waves (pre, during, post)
Pupils in the first 2 years of secondary education
Flanders, Belgium
In this study, we look at how the closure of secondary schools impacted school and psychological adjustment of pupils and whether it has more severe consequences for ethnic minority and socio-economically disadvantaged pupils. Additionally, we look at risks and resources at home and in school that can impact school and psychological adjustment for more and less vulnerable pupils (e.g., parent-child relationship quality, resources at home, quality of online instruction)
March 2020 (pre), June 2020 (during), Spring 2021 (after)
NoyesOngoing
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Ironic side-effects of appeals to follow behavioral rules
Vera Hoorens, Geert Molenberghs, Geert Verbeke, Stefaan Demarest, Eliane Deschrijver
Center for Social and Cultural Psychology, KU Leuven & Department of Experimental Psychology, UGent
Vera.Hoorens@kuleuven.be
Longitudinal survey + experimentGeneral population
We examine self-favoring biases in risk perception and in the appraisal of one’s own risk and precautionary behavior. We will in a longitudinal study (data collection of the first wave almost being completed, target N = 5000) on a sample from the general population from all regions of Belgium examine the effect of ‘errors’ in risk perception on the motivation to follow precautionary rules. In addition, we will in an online experiment test the hypothesis that there are situations where appeals meant to motivate people to comply with precautionary rules against COVID-19 ironically inflate precisely those biases that reduce compliance. Our project will thus yield specific and readily applicable solutions to achieve an urgently needed better compliance with precautionary measures.
November 2020-October 2021 (first wave of data collection december)
noyesOngoingWe examine self-favoring biases in risk perception and in the appraisal of one’s own risk and precautionary behavior. Through a longitudinal study (data collection of the first wave almost being completed, target N = 5000) on a sample from the general population from all regions of Belgium we examine the effect of ‘errors’ in risk perception on the motivation to follow precautionary rules. In addition, we will in an online experiment test the hypothesis that there are situations where appeals meant to motivate people to comply with precautionary rules against COVID-19 ironically inflate precisely those biases that reduce compliance. Our project will thus yield specific and readily applicable solutions to achieve an urgently needed better compliance with precautionary measures.
Systematic biases in people’s appraisal of risks and their own risk behavior exist; These biases discourage precautionary behavior and encourage risk behavior; Interventions meant to enhance compliance with precautionary rules and vaccination policies may ironically inflate biases; Interventions that are generally effective tools for behavior change may thus be counterproductive
Persuasive messages should explicitly address widespread biases in people’s appraisals of their risks and risk behavior; Persuasive communication should avoid inadvertently enhancing biased risk perception
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Is the media coverage of COVID-19 prejudiced?Vera Hoorens & master's thesis students
Center for Social and Cultural Psychology, KU Leuven
Vera.Hoorens@kuleuven.be
Analysis of written mediaThe study will show if COVID-19 patients with different ethnic backgrounds are depicted differently in the written mediaOctober 2020-June 2022noyesOngoingInspired by earlier studies on gender and ethnic biases in media coverage of sports and politics, we analyze coverage in the written media (Newspapers) of the experiences and behaviors of different groups during the first and the second outbreak in Flanders (Spring and Autumn/Winter 2020). We will examine if different groups are differently represented in this coverage and if messages about them focus on different aspects of the pandemic (e.g., experiences vs. risk behavior, psychological vs. physical suffering). Such biases are often non-intentional, and those susceptible of them are often unaware that they exist. However, they may be consequential because the agenda of policy makers, public health officers and researchers, and influential interest groups is likely to be affected to some extent by their exposure to media coverage. Biases in it may thus contribute to unbalanced precautionary measures and even to blind spots in policy development. Moreover, biases in media coverage may affect social cohesion and (particularly if the messages are about risk behavior) threaten harmony between groups in society. Our project will raise awareness among media representatives about the possibility and potential consequences of biases in their coverage of COVID-19 just like in other domains.
Given that gender and ethnic biases in media coverage of various topics are well-documented, there is reason to expect that they may occur in media coverage of COVID-19 as well.
Recommendation for journalists
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Risk perception concerning COVID-19Vera Hoorens, Eliane Deschrijver + international team
Center for Social and Cultural Psychology, KU Leuven & Department of Experimental Psychology, UGent, + 8 Universities in 3 continents
Vera.Hoorens@kuleuven.be
Online Surveys
General population + > 400 students
We examine the occurrence of self-uniqueness beliefs in risk perception and assessment of compliance with precautionary measures and vaccination
April-May 2020 data collection (general population) and November 2020 data collection (students)
noyes
Several papers in progress; one published (open access): Asimakopoulou, K., Hoorens, V., Speed, E., Coulson, N. S., Antoniszczak, D., Collyer, F., Deschrijver, E., Dubbin, L., Faulks, D., Forsyth, R., Goltsi, V., Harsløf, I., Larsen, K., Manaras, I., Olczak-Kowalczyk, D., Willis, K., Xenou, T. & Scambler, S. (2020). Comparative optimism about infection and recovery from COVID-19; Implications for adherence with lockdown advice. Health Expectations.
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/hex.13134We examine various aspects of risk perception concerning COVID-19, including biases in the perception of one’s own and other people’s risk and risk behavior and attributions of responsibility to various instances for spreading infections and curbing the pandemic in 9 countries. The main Flemish sample includes over 8000 adult participants of all ages of the general public (mostly women).
Most people believe that they are less vulnerable to COVID-19 than others. ;People believe that they have contributed more to the curbing than to the spreading of infections; Large differences exist between countries in the extent to which people believe that the government and scientists have contributed to spreading infections and curbing the pandemic. ; Belgium is among the countries with highest confidence in the role of the medical system and scientists in curbing the pandemic (and less in the role of the government). UK and US are the only countries where people believe that the government has contributed more to the spreading than to the curbing of the pandemic.
Because comparative optimism may encourage risk behavior and the neglect of precautions, it must be addressed in public health communication ; Flanders is doing well in maintaining people’s trust in the medical system and scientists; There is room for improvement of trust in measures imposed by the government
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Validation of the Impact of Event Scale with modifications for COVID-19 (IES-COVID19)Lauranne Vanaken, Sara Scheveneels, Eline Belmans, Dirk Hermans
Centre for Learning Psychology and Experimental Psychopathology
lauranne.vanaken@kuleuven.be
https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00738Online Surveyuniversity studentsFlanders, Belgium
In the current study, we adjusted the Dutch version of the Impact of Event Scale (IES) to assess traumatic stress symptoms related to the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak.
March 23 2020 - April 29 2020NoYesPublishedhttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00738/full
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A longitudinal investigation of the relations between narrative coherence, psychological well-being, internalizing symptoms and social bonding
Lauranne Vanaken, Patricia Bijttebier, Robyn Fivush, Dirk Hermans
Centre for Learning Psychology and Experimental Psychopathology
lauranne.vanaken@kuleuven.be
https://ghum.kuleuven.be/NL2018/corona/research-summary/lauranne-vanaken
Longitudinal online survey with two waves (pre, during)university studentsFlanders, Belgium
Narrative coherence will be investigated in its cross-sectional and longitudinal relations to psychological and social well-being.
November 2019 - March 2020NoYesUnder review
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Couple and parental relationships during lockdownSarah Galdiolo & Justine Gaugue
Child and Adolescent Lab
sarah.galdiolo@umons.ac.be
https://applications.umons.ac.be/survey/index.php?sid=69331&lang=fr
survey (4 waves)General population
Belgium (French part)
Longitudinal influence of the lockdown on couple and parental relationshipsMarch 2020 - July 2020Noyesongoing
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International study on the impact of Covid-19 on intimate relationshipsSarah Galdiolo, Marie Geonet, & Justine Gaugue
Child and Adolescent Lab
sarah.galdiolo@umons.ac.be
surveyGeneral population
Belgium (French part) and France
Understanding the impact of covid-19 on relational well-being (international consortium)May - AugustNoYesongoing
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Buying and using the electronic cigarette in Belgium during the lock down period due to COVID-19
Baeyens Frank en Sven Van LommelCLEP, KU Leuven
frank.baeyens@kuleuven.be
https://kuleuven.eu.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_b8HiPrmc0lHOFUNOnline surveyCurrent vapersBelgium
We aim to investigate the impact of closing vape shops during the lock down period due to COVID-19 on smoking and vaping behavior among current vapers
25/5/2020 - End JuneNoYes
Adriaens, K., Van Gucht, D., Van Lommel, S., & Baeyens F. (2020, preprint). Vaping during the COVID-19 lockdown period in Belgium. Qeios.
https://www.qeios.com/read/SBVQ47.2Due to the Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), the Belgian government has set out a range of measures to prevent the spread of the virus. One measure included closing all non-food shops, including vape shops. A retrospective online questionnaire was used to investigate the impact of closing the vape shops on the vaping and/or smoking behavior of current vapers. The sample (n = 202) reached consisted of 70% exclusive vapers, 29% dual users and 1% no-product users. Over half (55%) of participants was in need to buy e-liquid during the lockdown, with a small majority being able to buy e-liquids – mostly with their usual nicotine concentrations, flavor or brand –, but as much as 39% of them running out of e-liquid. Those buying e-liquid mainly did so by making purchases via foreign online webshops. A similar pattern was observed with respect to purchasing hardware, with about half (47%) of participants reporting hardware availability and with a small majority (53%) reporting hardware unavailability. Of those indicating that hardware was not available, 38% ran out of a properly functioning e-cigarette. A non-trivial minority was forced to consume e-liquids with another nicotine concentration, flavor or brand than usual. One seventh of exclusive vapers relapsed partly or completely to smoking during the lockdown. The main reasons for changing vaping and/or smoking behavior included the unavailability of e-liquid with nicotine, the unavailability of hardware, and stress/worries about COVID-19.
The majority of vapers succeeded in maintaining their vaping behavior as usual, highly likely due to (illegally) buying consumables online. Nevertheless, for a minority the lockdown period resulted in unintended consequences and these vapers relapsed (completely) to smoking. Even during periods of lockdown, smokers and vapers should be able to purchase low(er)-risk alternatives to smoking, for example e-cigarettes.
A majority of vapers knows how to purchase e-liquids and consumables, even when brick-and-mortar vape shops are closed.
A non-trivial minority relapse to smoking when e-liquids and consumables are not accessible.
The ability to purchase e-liquids and consumables online may be a protective factor to relapse to smoking when brick-and-mortar vape shops need to be closed.
Access to low(er)-risk alternatives to smoking needs to be guaranteed at all times.
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Psychological Impact of Covid-19: from lockdown to post crisis Denis Jennifer, Meriaux Mathilde & Hendrick S.
Clinical Psychology Department, UMONS
jennifer.denis@umons.ac.be
Online surveyGeneral populationBelgium
investigating the influence of anxiety, stress, ressources, coping and social distancing in a longitudinal perspective (4waves)
20 th March, 20th April, 20th september, 20th december
Maybeyesongoing
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Social Distancing Behavior during the COVID-19 pandemicChristina Reimer, Raquel London, Zhang Chen, & Frederick Verbruggen
Control of Impulsive Action Lab/Experimental Psychology Department/Ghent
christina.reimer@ugent.be
SurveyGeneral populationInternationalUnderstanding why people engage in social distancingApril - June 2020NoYesongoing
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Decision Making during the COVID-19 pandemicRaquel London, Christina Reimer, Zhang Chen, & Frederick Verbruggen
Control of Impulsive Action Lab/Experimental Psychology Department/Ghent
raquel.london@ugent.besurveyGeneral populationInternationalApril-June 2020Noyes
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To Punish or to Assist? Divergent Reactions to In-group and Out-group Members Disobeying Social Distancing
Jasper Van Assche, Emanuele Politi, Pieter Van Dessel, Karen Phalet
Department of Developmental, Personality and Social Psychology, Ghent University; Center for Social and Cultural Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Leuven; Department of Experimental Clinical and Health psychology, Ghent University
jasper.vanassche@kuleuven.be
https://bpspsychub.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/bjso.12395
Survey and embedded experimentGeneral population
International (Brits in the U.K.)
In response to the corona pandemic, societies face the formidable challenge to develop sustainable forms of sociability-cum-social-distancing – supporting social life while containing the virus and preventing new outbreaks. Accordant public policies often balance between retributive (punishment-based) and assistance (solidarity-based) measures to foster responsible behaviour. Yet, the pandemic has further made salient group disparities in behaviour, potentially straining intergroup relations, elevating heated emotions, and undercutting coordinated containment policies. Using a 2x2 between-subjects experiment, British citizens (N = 377) read about members of their national in-group or a national out-group (categorical differentiation), that were either conforming to the corona regulations or deviated from them (normative differentiation). In general, participants’ support for assistance policies outweighed support for retributive policies. Second, however, norm-deviation was associated with less positive and more negative moral emotions, the latter category further relating to more punitiveness and less support for assistance measures. Finally, the combination of out-group norm-deviation especially produced support for retributive policies, pointing to potential out-group derogation. We discuss implications for policy makers and formulate avenues for future scientific research.
18-19 April 2020YesYes
Van Assche, J., Politi, E., Van Dessel, P., & Phalet, K. (2020). To punish or to assist? Divergent reactions to ingroup and outgroup members disobeying social distancing. British Journal of Social Psychology, 59(3), 594-606.
https://bpspsychub.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/bjso.12395
In response to the COVID‐19 pandemic, societies face the formidable challenge of developing sustainable forms of sociability‐cumsocial‐distancing – enduring social life while containing the virus and preventing new outbreaks. Accordant public policies often balance between retributive (punishment‐based) and assistance (solidarity‐based) measures to foster responsible behaviour. Yet, the uncontrolled spreading of the disease has divided public opinion about which measures are best suited, and it has made salient group disparities in behaviour, potentially straining intergroup relations, elevating heated emotions, and undercutting coordinated international responses. In a 2 × 2 between‐subjects experiment, British citizens (N = 377) read about national in‐group or outgroup members (categorical differentiation), who were either conforming to or deviating from the corona regulations (normative differentiation). Participants then reported moral emotions towards the target national group and indicated support for public policies. In general, support for assistance policies outweighed support for retributive measures. Second, however, norm deviation was associated with less positive and more negative moral emotions, the latter category further relating to more punitiveness and less assistance support. Finally, respondents who read about norm‐violating outgroup members especially reported support for retributive measures, indicating that people might use norm deviation to justify outgroup derogation. We discuss implications for policymakers and formulate future research avenues.In an online experiment, we invited [A1] 377 British citizens to read a scenario about a target group’s behavior. Each respondent read one of four possible scenarios:1) fellow nationals (Britons) conforming to the British governmental coronavirus guidelines,2) fellow nationals (Britons) deviating from the British governmental coronavirus guidelines;3) foreigners (Italians) conforming to the Italian governmental coronavirus guidelines, and 4) foreigners (Italians) deviating from the Italian governmental coronavirus guidelines.Participants then were asked to report their emotions towards the target national group (i.e., ‘good’ or ‘bad’ Britons or Italians), as well as indicate their support for assistance measures (aimed at informing and educating the target group) and/or retributive measures (aimed at punishing the target group). In general, retributive measures were supported less than assistance measures, because such policies go against core democratic values (e.g., personal freedom). However, respondents who read news reports[A2] about norm-deviating groups reported more negative emotions (e.g., anger, condemnation, disgust), which further caused more support [A3] for retributive measures and less assistance support. Interestingly, respondents who read about norm-violating foreigners showed the highest support for retributive measures, indicating that people might blame foreigners for spreading the virus rather than fellow nationals that disobey hygiene standards and social distancing.These findings
have important consequences for international relations within Europe.[A4] Italy was the first European country where the COVID-19 disease hit hard, and was readily accused of spreading the virus around Europe. People search for positive
distinctiveness in relation to other groups
in any given comparative context. [A5] Hence, news about other national groups breaking ‘corona-measures’ has the potential to elicit very strong negative emotions towards these norm-violating (sub)groups. Furthermore, such emotions can further translate into a stronger endorsement of punishment-based governmental decisions to contain the virus.The consequences of such shifted [A6] attitudes towards foreigners should not be underestimated. As the Head of the United Nations, António Guterres, stated, the COVID-19 outbreak is unleashing “a tsunami of hate and xenophobia, scapegoating and scaremongering”. Seven hundred years ago, there was an increase in anti-Jew hatred during the Black Death. Now, we can also notice a rise in prejudice towards Asians in other
studies[A7] , and towards (disobeying) Italians in our study. When governments blame such foreign groups, they might opt for harsher confinement measures.
[A8] Their citizens might perceive such decisions as more legitimate, and potentially become more hostile towards foreigners.[A9]Such negative spiral readily exacerbates international tensions. It is therefore of utmost importance to avoid thinking in terms of the “us-versus-them” divide. We
a[A10] dvocate policy makers to create a sense of inclusive togetherness, and promote collective resilience and international solidarity. As an optimistic endnote,
it seems that people
endorse such solidarity- based measures
to a greater extent
than retributive measures, even for deviant
foreigners. The future will tell whether or not such methods will be effective to fight future pandemics.[A11]
1. In general, people are more in favor of assistance (solidarity-based) confinement measures, because retributive (punishment-based) policies go against core democratic values such as personal freedom. 2. News reports about norm-deviating groups trigger negative emotions (e.g., anger, condemnation, disgust), which can cause support for retributive measures. 3. Support for retributive measures was highest when people read news about norm-violating foreigners, indicating that people might blame foreigners for spreading the virus rather than fellow nationals that disobey hygiene standards and social distancing.
News about other national groups breaking the ‘corona-rules’ has the potential to elicit very strong negative emotions.As the Head of the United Nations, António Guterres, warned, governments should be careful that the COVID-19 outbreak does not unleash “a tsunami of hate and xenophobia, scapegoating and scaremongering”. It is therefore of utmost importance to avoid thinking in terms of the “us-versus-them” divide. We advocate policy makers to create a sense of inclusive togetherness, and promote collective resilience and international solidarity during these unprecedented times.
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International Investigation of Parental Burnout: wave 2Charlotte Schrooyen, Bart Soenens, Lesley Verhofstadt, Wim Beyers
Department of Developmental, Personality and Social Psychology, Ghent University; Department of Experimental Clinical and Health psychology, Ghent University
charlotte.schrooyen@ugent.be
surveyParents Belgium (Flanders)Identification of the situational and psychological moderators of the impact of the lockdown on parental distressMay 2020MaybeYesongoing
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Perfectionism, FOMO, social media, and anxiety during COVID-19 lock-downMarie-Lotte Van Beveren
Department of Developmental, Personality, and Social Psychology, Ghent University, Clinical developmental psychology
marielotte.vanbeveren@ugent.be
surveygeneral population, young-adultsFlanders, BelgiumResearching the role of perfectionisme and FOMO in dealing with the stress, associated with the Covid-19 lockdownMarch-April 2020NoNoongoing
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Generatie 2020: een follow-up studieCaroline Braet, Marie-Lotte Van Beveren
Department of Developmental, Personality, and Social Psychology, Ghent University, Clinical developmental psychology
caroline.braet@ugent.besurveyat-risk group, adolescents
Deinze, Flanders, Belgium
Identifying vulnerability and resilience factors in youngsters that moderate the impact of stress on emotional wellbeing2014-2020Noyes ongoing (writing stage)During the Covid-19 lockdown (April 2020), we questioned a sample of adolescents in one region in Belgium and concluded that one in three adolescents between the age of 15 and 21 suffered from (sub)clinical mental health problems. We could rely on a large-scale project entitled Generation 2020 – which was initiated in 2014 by our research group – and has been following a community sample (N=1655) in one region since 2014. Participants are now 15 to 21 years old. Based on online self-report questionnaires, we assessed (a) the number of life-stressors and perceived stress, (b) self- reported temperamental vulnerability (c) well-being. We hypothesized that a unique temperamental profile (constituting out of three traits) carries strong potential to predict mental health problems in response to stressors and more specific to Covid-19. Now we are conducting further in depth analyses testing a moderated mediation model using longitudinal structural equation modelling (SEM) with latent variables to analyse more closely the data. In February 2021 a new follow-up is planned.
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"Pak-aan": online psycho-education platform for parentsTiffany Naets, Caroline Braet, Leentje Vervoort
Department of Developmental, Personality, and Social Psychology, Ghent University, Clinical developmental psychology
tiffany.naets@ugent.beno available website yet (test phase)intervention study
Parents of children between 10-14 with internalizing, externalizing or overweight problems who request for help at school
BelgiumOutcomes: increased positive parenting, decreased childhood problemsJan 2021-2022Nomaybeongoing
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Work-Family DynamicsJonas Lang, Zen Goh (Monash University)
Department of Human Resource Management and Organizational Psychology, UGent
jonas.lang@ugent.be, zen.goh@monash.edu
intervention studyworking populationBelgium (Flanders)Possibilities for helping people dealing with work-family stressMay-July 2020maybemaybeongoing (writing stage)
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daily work during corona/telewerkGudrun Reindl, Jonas Lang
Department of Human Resource Management and Organizational Psychology, UGent
gudrun.reindl@ugent.be; jonas.lang@ugent.be
surveyworking populationBelgium (Flanders)insights into how teleworking affects work experiences, what leasure time experiences improve moodApril-May 2020noongoing (writing stage)
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Psychosocial impact of covid-19 on refugees and migrantsIlse Derluyn, An Verelst
Department of Social Work and Social Pedagogy - Centre for the Social Study of Migration and Refugees (CESSMIR)
ilse.derluyn@ugent.Bewww.aparttogetherstudy.orgsurveymigrants and refugeesglobal
The aim is to document the psychosocial impact of covid-19 and the related measures for different groups of migrants and refugees across the globe in order to formulate recommendations for policy makers and practitioners
april - june 2020maybeyes Report published/additional papers ongoingLink to first publication: https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/9789240017924Summary of first publication: Apart Together aims to uncover the psychosocial impact of COVID-19 on refugees and migrants across the world. Quantitative data was collected from more than 30,000 respondents between April 2020 and October 2020, focusing on five categories: sociodemographic characteristics (1), COVID-19-related situations (2), daily stressors (3), mental health (4), and social well-being (5). The majority of the respondents reported a deterioration of daily stressors (i.e. access to work, safety, and financial means) and mental health (i.e. feelings of depression, worries, anxiety, and loneliness). In addition, over 60 % reported to follow preventive measures, such as covering their nose and mouth. Last, those that would not seek medical health care in case of suspected symptoms said this was mostly due to a lack of financial means and fear of deportation. The results clearly underline the need and importance of including refugees and migrants in policy responses to COVID‑19. Measures are needed to increase refugees’ and migrants’ access to multi-language information and to health services, both medical and psychological. Efforts need to be taken to improve the living conditions of the most vulnerable groups, and to continue the provision of services - also in times of a pandemic.
Key findings of first publication: 1. Almost one out of three refugees and migrants tested positive themselves or had a loved one who tested positive. 2. Not all would seek medical care in case of (suspected) COVID-19-infection, because of lack of financial means, fear of deportation, lack of availability of health care providers or entitlement to health care. 3. A large majority of refugees and migrants take precautions, to avoid COVID-19-infections, and follow the government-initiated preventive measures, especially increased handwashing, keeping physical distance and covering nose and mouth. 4. Those living on the street report more difficulty in following measures related to increased handwashing, while those living in a refugee camp or asylum center report more difficulties following rules regarding physical distancing. 5. Refugees and migrants rely on different sources of information about COVID-19 from the news, from friends and family and from social media, both in the home as in the host country. 6. NGOs and supporting organisations do play a key role in information provision on COVID-19 for certain groups and in certain regions. 7. The COVID-19-pandemic, including the government-initiated measures, have strongly impacted the lives, in all its domains, of all refugees and migrants. Overall ,they report a greater struggle with access to work, safety and financial means since the outbreak of COVID-19. 8. Most refugees and migrants report that depressive feelings, anxiety, worries and loneliness are seriously worsened since the COVID-19 outbreak and have a lot of worries related to COVID-19. 9. Having lost one’s income increases the likelihood for worsened mental health problems. 10. Thirteen to 17% of the refugees and migrants experience more discrimination because of their origin or religion than before the pandemic 11. The most effective strategies to feel better for respondents are staying in contact with family and friends, entertaining oneself, seeking information and meditating/praying.
Policy implications of first publication: 1. Reduce language and financial barriers to seeking health care for refugees and migrants. 2. Targeted and accessible information for all. 3. Adress discrimination and stigmatization and actively focusing on sensitization campaigns ro rpevent it. 4. Improve daily living conditions for different groups of migrants and refugees, especially those living in more precarious situations, such as on the street or as undocumented migrants. 5. Ensure psychological support and foster connectedness for refugees and migrants during and after the pandemic. 6. Ensure participation of refugees and migrants as part of the solution in response plans for COVID-19
29
Violent behavior within the relationship during the COVID-19 pandemic: examining the effect of psychopathic traits, emotion regulation and dyadic coping
Kasia Uzieblo, Joan van Horn (extern), Marscha Mansvelt (extern)
Experimental Clinical and health psychology, Ghent University + De Waag (NL) + Emergis (NL)
kasia.uzieblo@ugent.be
https://nlpsych.eu.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_79gi4DTcXtoBAR7
Online surveyGeneral population
Belgium/Netherlands
identification of risk factors related to the pandemic for intimate partner violenceMay - ? 2020noyes
30
The impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on adults with Autism Spectrum DisorderDanna Oomen, Annabel Nijhof, Roeljan Wiersema
Experimental Psychological Research on Autism (EXPLORA)
danna.oomen@ugent.beData collection completesurvey
Adults from the general population and adults wiht autism
Belgium, the Netherlands, The United Kingdom
The impact on the mental health and daily lives of adults on the autism spectrum, and insight into how autistic adults can be supported.
3 April-7 May 2020noyes Preprint (manuscript under review) https://www.researchsquare.com/article/rs-111820/v1
31
International study on the impact of a global stressor (COVID-19) on intimate relationships
Lesley Verhofstadt & Laura Sels
Family lab (Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology)
laura.sels@ugent.be
https://covid19-codebook.limequery.com/736347?newtest=Y&lang=nl
survey
general population: cohabiting couples
Internationalunderstanding the impact of COVID-19 on individual and relational well-being May-August NoyesOngoing
32
Effect of the Belgian coast on well-being during the COVID-19 pandemicMarine Severin, Michiel Vandegehuchte, Gert Everaert, Ann Buysse, Filip Raes
Flanders Marine Institute, Ghent University, KULeuven
marine.severin@vliz.beData collection completeOnline surveyFlemish adults
Belgium, Dutch speaking population
Those living near the coast experience a better well-being than those living inland due to the opportunity to visit the coast during the lockdown. This study helps us better understand the effect of the coast on our wellbeing.
22nd April - June 8thNoYesPlanned for submission end of December
Having access to the coast in times of crisis serves as a potential buffer aganist negative psychological consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic. The emotion of awe could be a protective factor aganist boredom.
Promote the use and access of the coast to reduce boredom and worry and increase happiness. Encourage people to focus on their emotions, such as awe, while being at the coast.
33
Impact of Covid-19 on the interpreter populationAnne Delizée, Jennifer Denis
FTI UMONS & Clinical Psychology Dpt UMONS
anne.delizee@umons.ac.be
Online surveyInterpreter and cultural mediatorInternationalthis study aims to map the effects that crisis is having on the work and well-being of interpreterApril -SeptemberNoyes
34
Adaptive and maladaptive emotion regulation strategies in response to COVID-19-related distress
Marie-Anne Vanderhasselt, Rudi De Raedt, Jens Allaert
Ghent Experimental Psychiatry Lab, Psychopathology and Affective Neuroscience Lab (Ghent University)
jens.allaert@ugent.behttps://redcap1.ugent.be/surveys/?s=74AJ9XDFRLsurveyGeneral population
Belgium (Flemish part)
Understanding which cognitive emotion regulation strategies are most dangerous and most beneficial in response to Covid-19
March-July 2020NoYesOngoingParticipants report the useage of various adaptive and maladaptive emotion regulation strategies (counterfactual thinking, acceptance, self-blame, other-blame, reappraisal, catastrophizing, etc) and symptoms of stress, anxiety and depression
in response to the pandemic.
35
Behave safe! Why do we (not) adopt behavioural
measures in the COVID-19 pandemic?
Geert CrombezGhent Health Psychology Lab (Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology)geert.crombez@ugent.be, mebeeckm.Beeckman@UGent.be, Annick.DePaepe@UGent.be, Louise.Poppe@UGent.be
https://www.ugent.be/pp/ekgp/nl/onderzoek/onderzoeksgroepen/gezondheidspsychologie/gedrag-welzijn-covid19.htm
Survey (multiple waves) General populationBelgium (Flemish part)Idenfication of psychosocial determinants of (not) following the government regulations and examine the link with mental well-being + formulate and disseminate findings + guidelines / recommendations for the general population. 20/03 - August (6 months) Yes Yes Beeckman, M., De Paepe, A., Van Alboom, M., Maes, S., Wauters, A., Baert, F., Kissi, A., Veirman, E., Van Ryckeghem, D. & Poppe, L. (2020). Adherence to the Physical Distancing Measures during the COVID‐19 Pandemic: A HAPA‐Based Perspective. Applied Psychology: Health and Well‐Being.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aphw.122421. Self‐efficacy, outcome expectancies, intention, action planning, and coping planning are related to adherence to physical distancing measures.
2. Reduced mental well‐being is related to more difficulties to adhere to physical distancing measures and less perseverance in doing so.
3. Social support is an important resource for adherence to the keeping 1.5 m physical distance measure.1.
Health action process approach determinants are associated with adherence to physical distancing measures. Future work could therefore design HAPA‐based interventions to support people in adhering to these measures.
36
Meaningful activities in times of Covid-19
Ellen Cruyt, Patricia De Vriendt, Miet De Letter, Peter Vlerick, Kristine Oostra, Robby De Pauw, Patrick Calders, Arnaud Szmalec, Dominique Van de Velde
Ellen Cruyt, Patricia De Vriendt, Miet De Letter, Peter Vlerick, Kristine Oostra, Robby De Pauw, Patrick Calders, Arnaud Szmalec, Dominique Van de Velde
ellen.cruyt@ugent.be
https://www.activiteitencoronacrisis.ugent.be/limesurvey/index.php/345924
surveyGeneral population (adults)Belgium onlyWe aim to understand how the corona restrictions affect the activities that give sense to our daily livesApril - May 2020NoYesSubmitted in BMC public health
Performing meaningful activities during lockdown, is associated with mental health in Belgian adults.
Insights from this study can be taken into account during future lockdown measures in case of pandemics.
37
e-Health tools: opportunities and obstacles for implementation in clinical psychologyGeert Crombez
GHPlab members, Tom Van Daele,...
ghplab@ugent.be
38
Impact of lockdown on sleep, cognitive fatigue and memoryChristina Schmidt, Fabienne Collette, Sylvie Willems, & Christine Bastin
GIGA-Cyclotron Research Center and Psychology and Cognitive Neuroscience (ULiège)
Christina.schmidt@uliege.be
https://surveys.fplse.uliege.be/surveys/y.php?s=DMOOSDZWDsurveyGeneral populationBelgium and FranceUnderstanding changes in life habits due to lockdown and their impact on sleep, fatigue and memoryMarch 2020 - July 2020Noyes
Cellini, N., Conte, F., De Rosa; O., Giganti, F.,Malloggi, S., Reyt, M., Guillemin, C., Schmidt, C., Muto, V., Ficca, G.L. (in press). Changes in sleep timing and subjective sleep quality during the COVID-19 lockdown in Italy and Belgium: age, gender and working status as modulating factors. Sleep Medicine.
10.1016/j.sleep.2020.11.027
39
COVID-19 and stressAurélie Wagener, Catherine Fuselli, Céline Stassart, Anne-Marie Etienne
Health Psychology, URiSS, ULiège
aurelie.wagener@uliege.be
?Online surveyGeneral population (N = 1031)Belgium mostly
Our study aims at investigating the impact of the COVID-19 crises on stress and related variables such as emotions and health-related concepts (e.g., irrealistic optimism).
May 2020 - Still ongoing (longitudinal design also)
YesYes
Wagener, A., Stassart, C., & Etienne, A-M. Submission is planned by the end of March.
Since the onset of the pandemic, an important number of studies on its psychological impacts has been published. A majority of those assessed emotional impacts caused by the COVID-19 pandemic and showed that, in general, individuals feel a decrease in their quality of life (Bao et al., 2020; Khodami, 2020; Porcelli, 2020). Briefly, negative emotional impacts of COVID-19 seem to be well-established. Then, it seems relevant to investigate how individuals cope with these emotions. Beyond the above-mentioned emotional impacts of the COVID-19, it seems relevant to focus on the specific impact of lockdown’s measures. Those protective measures led to an extreme restriction of the access and the engagement in activities. In turn, this might have impeded the sense of “environmental satisfaction” which is defined as “one’s perception of the positive or negative value of environmental experiences and activities available in its environment” (Wagener & Blairy, 2015). We aimed at investigating psychological impacts of the COVID-19 on emotions and their regulation strategies, intolerance of uncertainty and environmental satisfaction. To do so, we conducted an online survey. The current sample comprised 1031 adults (742 women) from the general population with an average age of 40.41 (range = 18-79, SD = 13.89). Overall, our results showed that individuals experience higher levels of negative emotions along with lower levels of positive ones. They also tend to worry less and accept more. Further, environmental satisfaction appears weakened. In regards to this variable, it appears that environmental satisfaction is the most important predictor of both negative emotions and positive ones. Therefore, it consists in a variable of interest for clinical practice and should certainly be considered in the future recommendations to handle the pandemic.
Environmental satisfaction consists in a variable of interest for clinical practice and should certainly be considered in the future recommendations to handle the pandemic.
40
COVID-19 and children: emotionel et behavioral impactCéline Stassart, Aurélie Wagener, Anne-Marie Etienne
Health Psychology, URiSS, ULiège
cstassart@uliege.beOnline survey
Parents of children between 4 and 13 years old
Belgium mostlyOur study aims at investigating the impact of the COVID-19 crises on impact on children's emotional and behavioral stateMay 2020 - End JuneNoYesPlanned for submission end of DecemberThis exploratory study assesses parents' perception of the emotional and behavioral impact of quarantine following Covid-19 on their child aged between 4 and 13 years old. The total sample includes the assessment of 749 children, aged between 4 and 13 (353 girls, 396 boys) with 524 parents interviewed. The emotional and behavioral changes observed in their child during quarantine, family coexistence, as well as the frequency of social contact before and during quarantine were investigated. Most parents report a change in their child's emotional and behavioral state. The main results show that the child's nervousness due to Covid-19, family coexistence during quarantine which represents the difficulty of living together, and social contacts before and during quarantine seem to explain the different emotional and behavioral changes observed in children during quarantine.
- Take care of family cohesion: Identify, through repeated evaluation, difficulties in living together within the family to act early (eg: take time for yourself, pass the baton momentarily, ...) - Maintain social contacts: social ties improve a child's resilience skills in complex situations. Creative approaches to stay connected are therefore very important (eg writing letters, video conversations, etc.) - Create a secure emotional environment: Importance of maintaining a routine to give children a sense of security and predictability such as setting regular bed and meal times, daily learning and play times.

- Have appropriate communication: Faced with children's concerns and questions, it is important to have honest communication that is appropriate to the child's age. Children's exposure to social media and adult conversations about the pandemic should be limited as these channels are less age-appropriate.
41
Lessons for Higher Education from the COVID-19 Transition to Online Teaching and Learning
Dominique Verpoorten, Pascal Detroz
IFRES (Institut de Formation et de Recherche en Enseignement Supérieur), ULiège
Survey + interviews + learning analyticsstudents and teachersULiège, 5 facultiesImpact of covid on teaching and learning processesNoYesNo
42
Emotional reactions and behaviors during the covid-19 outbreakOlivier Luminet, Emilie Banse, Alix BigotIlluminetti lab
olivier.luminet@uclouvain.be
https://sites.google.com/site/illuminettilab/homeSurveyGeneral population
Belgium, French part (and international)
Identification of the psychological determinants (e.g. appraisal, emotions, TPB) influencing recommended and reactional behaviors
18/03/2020 - 20/04/2020Maybe (if statistical analyses finished)yes
43
Past and future thinking in Corona-timesAline Cordonnier, Camille Dabé
Illuminetti lab (UCLouvain)
aline.cordonnier@ucloucain.be
surveyGeneral population
French speaking part of Belgium
We examine how people remember and/or imagine certain key moments of their past/future (first day of confinement, first get together with family post confinement, 21st of July) and what emotions are associated with these thoughts. We also examine expected consequences (good and bad) of the situation for the individual and the collective
March - April 2020 + end of May + end of July
NoYesOngoing
44
Impact of the mass medias on risk perception, trust in national representatives, and anxiety feelings during the COVD-19 pandemic
Grégoire List, Louise-Amélie Cougnon, Alexandre Heeren, & Bernard Hanseeuw
Institute of Langage & Communication (G. Lits; L.-A. Cougnon); Psychological Sciences Research Institute (A. Heeren); Institute of Neuroscience (B. Hanseeuw)
alexandre.heeren@uclouvain.be
survey (multivawes) General populationInternational
Impact of the mass medias on risk perception, trust in national representatives, and anxiety feelings during the COVD-19 pandemic
March - Oct 2020NoYes
45
Corona Diaries - a daily diary study to examine the impact of the Corona crisis on well-being
Yasemin Erbas, Marlies Houben, Marta Walentynowicz, Egon Dejonckheere, Katleen van der Gucht, Peter Kuppens
KU Leuven - OKP
Yasemin.erbas@kuleuven.be
https://ppw.kuleuven.be/indekijkermap/onderzoek-corona-diariesdaily diaryGeneral populationBelgium (flemish)
Through a 2-month daily diary study, we aim to assess the impact of the corona crisis on (changes in) emotions, behavior and well-being, both within and between persons. Participants also have access to two mindfulness exercises and we will examine how the use of these exercises affect emotions, behavior and well-being.
April - September 2020noyes
46
International study on increased value and interest in nursing due to corona crisis - also among men, affecting future shortages
Colette van Laar, Loes Meeussen, Sanne Van Grootel, Toni Schmader, Kate Block, Sarah Martiny, Maria Olsson, Carolin Schuster, Alyssa Croft
KU Leuven - social and cultural psychology
colette.vanlaar@kuleuven.be
https://ucom2017.wordpress.com/research-team/cross-national survey 2 waves
Cross-national study of students at universities in different countries
Insight into changes in value to nursing due to corona crisis, insight into changes in male interest in communal roles (here nursing and teaching) following positive attention to nursing and teaching
Fall 2017-2020noyesOngoing
47
The impact of Covid-19 on the PhD population at KU Leuven?  Martina D'Agostini, Giorgia Carra, Marta Walentynowicz, Johan Vlaeyen
KU Leuven University | Health Psychology
 johannes.vlaeyen@kuleuven.be
link to survey: https://kuleuven.eu.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_3gzeykxf5clpTdr 
surveyPhD population
Belgian and International
we decided to create a survey to assess how the restrictions due to the coronavirus have impacted the life of other PhD students and researchers like us. We think this is a great opportunity to have a voice within the academic community and to show how our well-being, work, and social interactions within the work place have changed. Based on this information, we hope to provide KU Leuven with valuable information which can be further used to improve the actions directed towards minimizing the impact of this pandemic on the PhD student population.
April - June 2020NoyesIn preparationThe outbreak of COVID-19 around the world led to the introduction of several restriction measures, including social distancing and the lock-down of research facilities. Whereas social distancing is effective to slow-down the spread of a pandemic, it strongly affects the social and working life of individuals. This project focused on the impact of COVID-19 on the mental well-being and work-related activities of PhD students population at KU Leuven. Since around 50% of PhD population at KU Leuven is international, we also explored the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on work-related social interactions assessing the likelihood of receiving comment on how the country of origin was handling the coronavirus and jokes about the coronavirus and their nationality by a person of another nationality.
Methods: 992 PhD students at KU Leuven completed an online survey in the period between 25/4/2020 and 3/5/2020.
Results: PhD students experienced a decline in mental health, lower work motivation, productivity, and satisfaction compared to before the outbreak. Students living alone had stronger decline in mental health compared to those living with others. Almost half (45%) of the respondent PhD students declared to have less contact with their supervisors. These students also reported worse motivation, satisfaction, and productivity as compared to the students that had regular contact with their supervisor. 77% indicated that the lockdown affected, at least to some extent, their research planning. The most affected research activities were conference organization/attendance, data collection, setting up experiments, and access to facilities/recourses. International PhD students reported worse motivation and satisfaction, but did not report worse work productivity when compared to Belgians. 40% of PhD students reported receiving a comment, half of them were international students. 10% of PhD students reported receiving a joke, of these, two out of three were international students.
Take-home message:
• Living alone predicted stronger decline in mental health.
• PhD Students with lower contact with the supervisor were at higher risk of poor work satisfaction, motivation, and productivity.
• Internationals may be at higher risk of poor work satisfaction and motivation, but not productivity.
• The majority of PhD students indicated that the lockdown affected their research activities/planning.
Policy implications:
• Designing a contact point for free and professional psychological support targeting PhD students;
• Providing PhD students who live alone more freedom on where they want to telework.
• Providing funding extension to PhD students whose research activities/planning has been mostly affected;
• Allowing changes in the doctoral plan,
• Changing regulation on minimal requirements to obtain PhD (e.g., reducing minimum number of studies).
48
Sensory sensitivity in patients with COVID-19 and post intensive care syndrome
Hella Thielen, Christophe Lafosse, Céline Gillebert
KU Leuven, Department of Brain and Cognition + RevArte Rehabiliation Hospital
celine.gillebert@kuleuven.be
Survey + neuropsychological assessment (two waves)
Patients with COVID-19 rehabilitating after post intensive care syndrome
Belgium (Flanders)
The primary aim is to estimate the prevalence and characteristics of atypical sensory sensitivity in patients with COVID-19 and post-intensive care syndrome. The secondary aim is to relate atypical sensory sensitivity to mental or physical fatigue, post-traumatic stress symptoms and cognitive deficits in these patients.
NVTMaybe
49
Dezorgsamen ZorgbarometerKris Vanhaecht, Gilbert Lemmens, Kris Van den Broeck, Johan Bilsen, Stephan Claes, ...
KU Leuven, UAntwerpen, UGent, VUB
kris.vandenbroeck@uantwerpen.be
Online surveyHealth professionalsFlandersInvestigating the impact of Covid19 crisis on health professionalsApril 6thNoyesOne finished, two in prep
https://watermark.silverchair.com/mzaa158.pdf?token=AQECAHi208BE49Ooan9kkhW_Ercy7Dm3ZL_9Cf3qfKAc485ysgAAAr8wggK7BgkqhkiG9w0BBwagggKsMIICqAIBADCCAqEGCSqGSIb3DQEHATAeBglghkgBZQMEAS4wEQQMhuptRxB7VqpHbA5PAgEQgIICclQFe2gFDXGF-cMUgl_CSD-iqHqOa188Gfd_1RqALDYZabpZcufQYCheLhEE93uPx6FedgAZhcYJklmN2TMomjR3vmjxv6hyU7WjCG_Sb_lmwABZ6OAUApORJN-frN_LyXnlocjNKdJbm6Z8lEfn4rl5tbkeshD5P__RACj7qysjOzME4lO5MXs_7HngLqLxAgSLfG9_72gx9iB59f2JeNo2W57naKO-lNtqQlG3PetpccTsjhadwQ_BBNxu7cdPzjYeF7-BaJDNwyBmn9E0Yfw2Gp8SUxktAVEhVMPW0_J_TwFNqgqW0oRtElyQaS5-khusefczw9fiU4B2o8NwwbDXZtwv8rXdPagBqIs8RDfvXbkOZ9l1D8EsJaw5b3x2PwAcW6yj3uQGOFzQ4NbpcpDnlUeVUU9hfR0g_qGobrJhO8VQy11CySfkgRC5HA-xBrW3A7RqPIoc40c44_PlxLRYl_-sS_JfjDGEspUDTUV401fL0WZPOM3mT91XEm7yX6fOgiKQ3lbPwN4bWnrDTFWF_fBCuc1fp6ctCCvmmvEAlyuEpjpLmPoj3DuzIdozCA8cilzMrQll1wv9bo_8OaV6uxlR7Plyk70EIq_GQpEpXN_X6t6OHQ1Rn6O0X5tLG5fJ-9VgIKDiOwTHE4cJjM_NYzFP9p4ofNZTysiTAu-cNNJW7up1s-7d7PncYY98ZE6NhNHgPPRm8nQGPymAZ5g2bDQtulezVKg5zBUVgSYccTP3Rxh3VkaIQOvmygcDIjc3wReDrnHHFUFmhMONdEVajvhZz3jb_proAmOhmPIKKVKYRdAwQWQtfhAFDgQJYMi8
50
The effectiveness of nudging for social distancingPieter Van Dessel, Yannick Boddez
LIPLab (Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology), Ghent University
Pieter.VanDessel@UGent.be
https://osf.io/8r7hs/Online experimentGeneral populationInternational (UK)Insight in how people can be nudged to follow covid-19 social distancing guidelinesMay-June 2020NVTyesresearch report on OSF
When promoting wanted behavior such as social distancing during the Covid-19 lockdown, it is important to emphasize the personally relevant positive consequences of this behavior.
To promote adherence to covid-19 guidelines, making minor changes to the environment can be effective. However, it might be of key importance to take into account the cognitive determinants of behaviour (e.g., goals).
51
Inference and behavioral nudging to promote adherence to covid-19 guidelinesPieter Van Dessel, Yannick Boddez
LIPLab (Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology), Ghent University
Pieter.VanDessel@UGent.be
https://osf.io/5t6hy/Field experimentGeneral populationBelgium (Flanders)Insight in how shops can better promote customers to follow covid-19 guidelinnesDecember 2020 - January 2021NVTyesongoing
52
Alcohol consumption / drinking motivations during lockdownPierre Maurage, Zoé Bollen, Arthur Pabst
Louvain Experimental Psychopathlogy research group (LEP, uclep.be)
pierre.maurage@uclouvain.be
https://uclouvain.be/addiction-confinementSurveyGeneral population
French speaking part of Belgium
Identification of the psychological factors (e.g., motivations, social isolation, anxiety) influencing alcohol consumption during lockdown
02/04/20 - 15/05/20Maybe (if data analyses are finished)YesYes (one in press, three submitted)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106772
We examined how drinking motives predict alcohol consumption under lockdown / College students substantially reduced consumption during lockdown / This reduction was particularly high among heavy drinkers / Enhancement and social motives predicted lower consumption during lockdown / Conversely, coping motives predicted higher consumption during lockdown
Since drinking motives predict consumption, their assessment could reduce the impact of future crises on alcohol use, by acting upstream at prevention (e.g., psychoeducation on alternative coping strategies) and clinical (e.g., prophylactic interventions towards individuals endorsing coping motives) levels.
53
Impact of restriction of visits on mental health of nursing home residentsJessie Dezutter
Meaning Research Late Life
jessie.dezutter@kuleuven.be
https://wprn.org/item/435652 survey (multiple waves)NH residents
Flemish speaking part of Belgium
insight in the impact of the TSV-rule on the mental health of nursing home residents/policy recommendations for NH-fieldApril 2020- September 2020Noyes
English paper under review, Dutch report at https://ppw.kuleuven.be/meaning-and-existence/projecten_en_publicaties/oudere-volwassenen-en-geriatrische-zorg
Take-home message:
--> Our findings encourage the extensive efforts made by care staff to implement new modes of social contact during challenging times. More frequent engagement in social connectedness interventions was associated with less loneliness and less depressed feelings in residents, and especially video-calling may be protective when real-life contact is impossible.
 Continued activities with co-residents also provide important opportunities for social interaction, which may protect against feelings of loneliness.
 Investment in elderly care personnel is highly needed to take up whole person care, including attention for psychological well-being
 Safeguarding that residents are allowed to see at least one close contact is highly advised
 Taking precautions so that a minimum of social activities (meal sharing, television watching) can continue even during a lockdown might be important to protect against loneliness
54
Online study on sleep quality and daytime functioning during the Covid-19 pandemicPeter Simor, Rebeca Sifuentes, Ariadna Albajara Saenz, Philippe Peigneux & colleagues
Neuropsychology and Functional Imaging Research Group
No
55
Moderators of the impact of the lockdown on parental distressIsabelle Roskam & Moïra Mikolajczak
Parental Burnout Reseach Lab
moira.mikolajczak@uclouvain.be
https://uclpsychology.co1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_02LE6m47hjSYtr7
General population
French speaking part of Belgium
Identification of the situational and psychological moderators of the impact of the lockdown on parental distress April-July 2020NoYes
à The health crisis and lockdown does not impact all parents in the same way: it is a godsend for some, a nightmare for others. à PB can increase in any type of family and in any parent. What really influences the level of PB and the resulting child abuse is the parents' perception of the impact of the health crisis and lockdown on their parenting. à Certain situations deserve special attention: lockdown with young children, children with special needs or young adults... And parents who are teleworking AND facing increased workload because of the crisis.
For Policy-makers: à Putting support services in place for families with children with disabilities or behavioral problems; à Establish support services for families with children under the age of 4 (these children cannot look after themselves and their constant solicitations contribute to exhaustion of the parents and encourage acting out); à Putting in place supports for adolescents so that their frustration at being confined or semi-confined does not "backfire" on their parents.; à Asking employers to take steps to prevent increased workloads due to crisis or containment (having to telecommute AND care for children or teenagers at home is much more complicated when workloads increase); For employers:; à Taking active steps to prevent increased workloads due to crisis or containment (having to telecommute AND care for children or teenagers at home is much more complicated when workloads increase); For Media: à do not focus only on the negative aspects of the crisis but also on the opportunities (our research shows that subjective perception explains most of the variance of psychological distress during confinement, far beyond the objective situation of the parent and his family).
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Impact of lockdown on future-oriented thinkingArnaud D'Argembeau
Psychology and Neuroscience of Cognition/University of Liège
a.dargembeau@uliege.be
https://surveys.fplse.uliege.be/surveys/k.php?p=56survey (during vs after lockdown)General population
Belgium (French speaking) and Canada
Understanding how future-oriented thoughts are impacted by lockdown (the uncertainty and modifications of daily life that it generates)
March-July 2020NoYesongoing
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Socio-emotional risk factors for anxiety and depression during the COVID-19 pandemicJonas Everaert, Reuma Gadassi, Jutta Joormann
Psychopathology and Affective Neuroscience lab (Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology)
jonas.everaert@ugent.beDaily diary studyGeneral populationInternational
We conducted a 28-day diary study to identify how cognitive (e.g., how people interpret ambiguous situations) and socio-affective (e.g., how much people engage in problem talk) processes work together to explain individual differences in the development of anxiety and depression during the first few weeks of the COVID-19 outbreak. We are also examining direct and indirect pathways through which consulted news media contribute to symptoms of psychopathology.
March-April 2020NoYes
58
Impact of cognitive risk and resilience factors on development of depression & anxiety during COVID-19 pandemic
Rudi De Raedt, Jutta Joormann, Jonas Everaert, Alvaro Sanchez, Malvika Godara
Psychopathology and Affective Neuroscience lab (Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology), Ghent University
malvika.godara@ugent.be
Multi-wave diary studyGeneral populationInternational
We examine risk and resilience factors impacting emotion regulation strategies and development of mood and anxiety disorders during the COVID-19 pandemic. We also examine the impact of uncertainty and information-seeking behavior on development of depression and anxiety during the pandemic.
March - May 2020NoYesOngoing - data analysisOnly possible once the data analysis is completeOnly possible when the data analysis is complete
Only possible when the data analysis is complete
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The Effects of Attention Training on Emotion Regulation and Stress Related Complaints During COVID-19
Rudi De Raedt, Ernst Koster, Kim Rens
Psychopathology and Affective Neuroscience lab (Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Pyshcology), Ghent University
kim.rens@ugent.besurvey and cognitive attention trainingGeneral populationDutch speakingValidation of a new online treatmant and it's impact on emotion regulation and stress related symptomsApril - August 2020NoYesongoingOnly possible when the data analysis is complete
Only possible when the data analysis is complete
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Exploration of relationship between parental distress and post-traumatic symptoms in children
Adélaïde Blavier, Stéphanie Chartier, Alicia Gallo, Manon Delhalle
Psychotraumatology, ARCh Research Unit, Department of Psychology ULieg
Adelaide.Blavier@uliege.be
survey (multiple waves)General populationNoYes
Chartier, S., Delhalle, M., Baiverlin, A., & Blavier, A. (accepted). Parents' peri-traumatic stress and sense of parental competence in relation to covid-19 containment measures: What impact on their children's peri-traumatic distress? European Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
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Effects of COVID-19 on the work of undertakersAdélaïde Blavier, Laetitia Di Piazza
Psychotraumatology, ARCh Research Unit, Department of Psychology ULiege
Adelaide.Blavier@uliege.be
surveyUndertakersNoYesongoing
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Analysis of children's representations of coronavirus/covid-19 from their drawingsAdélaïde Blavier, Alicia Gallo, Stéphanie Chartier, Laetitia Di Piazza, Manon Delhalle
Psychotraumatology, ARCh Research Unit, Department of Psychology ULiege
Adelaide.Blavier@uliege.be
surveyGeneral populationNoYesongoing
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Automatic evaluations of social distancing behaviorMassimo Koester, Agnes Moors
Research Group of Quantitative Psychology and Individual Differences, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
massimo.koester@kuleuven.be
Online Survey + Online IAT
International (Prolific)
This study aims to investigate if implicit attitudes already changed in light of the COVID outbreak. In particular we are testing if implicit attitudes towards keeping physical distance from others have become more positive than attitudes towards being physically close to others. We furthermore aim to investigate if such a shift in attitudes can be explained by the values people attach to their own health, to the health of others and to the quality of their relationships.
June - July 2020NoYes
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The impact of school strategies and home environment on learning during the COVID-19 pandemic, in children with and without developmental disorders
Elke Baten, Fieke Vlaeminck, Marjolein Mues, Annemie Desoete, Petra Warreyn
Research in Developmental Disorders Lab (Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology), Ghent University
elke.baten@ugent.be
https://www.ugent.be/pp/ekgp/nl/onderzoek/onderzoeksgroepen/oss/deelnemers/onderzoek-corona.htm#thuisonderwijs--wat-gaat-goed-en-wat-niet--wat-is-de-impact-van-de-coronamaatregelen-op-leren-
survey
(parents of) children between 5 and 18 year old (attending primary or secondary school)
Flanders (Dutch speaking)
The aim is to examine what does and doesn’t work in terms of distance teaching, while taking home environments into account. We furthermore want to investigate the longer-term impact of distance teaching, by identifying factors of the home learning period that might be positively or negatively related to getting behind at school six months after the reopening of the schools. Differences between children with and without developmental disorders are closely considered.
Phase 1: April 3 - April 17; Phase 2: May 7 - May 18; Phase 3: December 17 - January 18
NoYesongoingOnly possible when paper is availableOnly possible when paper is available
Only possible when paper is available
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Use of online consultation technology by mental healthcare professionalsTom Van Daele
Thomas More - Expertise Unit Psychology, Technology & Society
tom.vandaele@thomasmore.be
https://bit.ly/coronapsysurveyMental healthcare professionalsInternational
This survey from the EFPA Project Group on eHealth focuses on the current use of online consultation technology by psychologists and other mental healthcare professionals in the context of the COVID-19 Coronavirus pandemic.The aim is to obtain an overview of current usage and main questions and concerns for adequately using online consultations. A first FAQ was derived based on preliminary analyses and can be found on http://ehealth.efpa.eu/covid-19/faq-on-online-consultations/
March - April 2020MaybeYespreprinthttps://preprints.jmir.org/preprint/26541
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The impact of Covid19 on the city of AntwerpKris Van den Broeck
UAntwerpen + Stad Antwerpen
kris.vandenbroeck@uantwerpen.be
Online + paper and pencil surveyCitizens of Antwerp cityAntwerpInvestigating the impact from confinement and social isolation on mental wellbeingApril 6thNoYesreport in prep - embargo
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Covidenik / CovidetmoiVincent Lorant, Pierre Smith, Kris Van den Broeck, Eva Rens, Pablo Nicaise
UCLouvain + UAntwerpen
kris.vandenbroeck@uantwerpen.be
https://uclouvain.be/fr/instituts-recherche/irss/covid-et-moi.htmlOnline surveyGeneral population
International (Belgium and France)
Investigating the impact from confinement and social isolation on mental wellbeing / psychological distress (Measure: General Health Questionnaire 12 items)
Longitudinal study (March 2020, April 2020, June 2020, November 2020)
YesYesOne report; one paper published, one under review
https://alfresco.uclouvain.be/alfresco/service/guest/streamDownload/workspace/SpacesStore/62501702-e9e3-4b77-a513-a7d518dc8578/rapport_covidetmoi_vague1et2.pdf?guest=true frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyt.2021.575553/abstract
During the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic, about two thirds of young people (aged 16 to 25 years old) experienced ‘mental distress’, which includes a broad range of non-specific mental health problems //While little difference was found between students and non-students or those with or without a chronic condition, mental distress was higher among women, those experiencing loneliness or low social support, and those with a large change in social media use and some everyday activities //Young people and women report lower mental health compared to men and older age groups even in normal conditions, but the pandemic seems to be contributing to an even growing inequality
Young people experience high levels of mental distress during the COVID-19 pandemic. Our findings indicate that the mental distress was highest among women, those experiencing loneliness or low social support and those whose usual everyday life is most affected. The psychological needs of young people, such as the need for peer interaction, should be more recognized and supported.
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The lockdown and consumerist behaviours in Belgium Xavier NOËL, Florent WyckmansULBxnoel@ulb.ac.be
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COVID-19 It's in your handsAnn DeSmet, Pierre Gérain, Emelien Lauwerier
ULB, UCLouvain, UGent
ann.desmet@ulb.behttps://your-covid-19-risk.com/Online survey, interventionGeneral populationInternational
Behavioral determinants of physical distancing; adoption of protective behaviours such as hand-washing, physical distancing, self-isolation
Ongoingyes
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Impact of children’s autobiographical memory on well-being during lockdown : What role for parental reminiscing ?
Christina Léonard, Marie Geurten, & Sylvie Willems
ULiège - Psychology and Neuroscience of Cognition Unit
christina.leonard@uliege.be
survey and interviewGeneral population
Belgium (French part)
First, we assume that children with less detailed memories of events that had taken place during lockdown will have lower levels of well-being during lockdown. Moreover, we want to explore the possible role that parent-child discussions about the past might play in the relationship between autobiographical memory and well-being during lockdown .
April - May 2020NoYes
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Working conditions for employees forced to telework in the COVID19 context: impact on well-being at work, performance and work-home interference
Anne-Sophie Nyssen (ULiege) - Edwin Wouters, Guido Van Hal et dr. Veerle Buffel (Anvers) - prof. Piet Bracke (Ga nd)
ULiege, University of Antwerp, Ghent University
Veerle.Buffel@uantwerpen.be, edwin.wouters@uantwerpen.be, guido.vanhal@uantwerpen.be, Piet.bracke@ugent.be
https://uantwerpen.eu.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_03vj3yQy43k4awZ?Q_lang=FR
Online surveyStudentsInternationalThis study aims to map the effect that quarantine is having on the work and welfare of students27th April-May 2020MaybeYes
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ACADE-COVID: Work and welfare among academic staff within the universityAnne-Sophie Nyssen (ULiege) - Prof. Dr. Johan Bilsen, Dr. Iris Steenhout (VUB)
ULiege, Vrije Universiteit van Brussels
Bilsen johan.bilsen@vub.be, iris.steenhout@vub.be
https://vub.fra1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_0ICsOWDvcwcCVkp?Q_Language=EN-GB
Online surveyAcademic staffBelgiumThis study aims to map the effect that working from home is having on the work and welfare of academic staffMay 2020MaybeMaybe
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ACADMIN-COVID: WORK AND WELFARE AMONG ADMINISTRATIVE AND TECHNICAL STAFF WITHIN THE UNIVERSITY
Anne-Sophie Nyssen (ULiege) - Prof. Dr. Johan Bilsen, Dr. Iris Steenhout (VUB)
ULiege, Vrije Universiteit van Brussels
Bilsen johan.bilsen@vub.be, iris.steenhout@vub.be
Under constructionOnline surveyPATO membersBelgium
This study aims to map the effect that working from home is having on the work and welfare of administrative staff, technicians and workers
June-august 2020MaybeMaybe
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Self-reported distress in French-speaking Belgium at the end of the lockdown periodWivine Blekic, Erika Wauthia, Mandy RossignolUMons
wivine.blekic@umons.ac.be
Online SurveyBelgian CitizensBelgium
We intended to highlight the crutial need to target intolerance to uncertainty in psychological interventions. Furthermore, we raised the importance of taking the context (timing) of research into consideration. The psychological distress varies according the different stages of lockdown / pandemy and therefore, general conclusions needs to be avoided
27th of April 2020 to the 4th of May 2020
YesYesUnder ReviewThe COVID-19 pandemic has had a recognized impact on the psychological well-being of the population. In particular, psychological distress might have been reinforced by uncertainty about the duration of the measures and the crisis. Accordingly, this study aimed to (1) measure self-reported distress in French-speaking Belgium after six weeks of strict application of lockdown and (2) explore the determinants of this distress by investigating a specific role of intolerance of uncertainty, which has been isolated as a transdiagnostic process involved in anxiety and adaptation disorders. To this aim, 548 participants completed an online survey including questions about demographical features (age, gender, education, etc.), COVID-19 personal impact, a French version of the Covid-19 Peritraumatic Distress Index (CPDI, Qiu et al., 2020), and the Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale (Freeston et al., 1994). The global CPDI score was of 33.41 and fifty-four percent of the sample reported mild to severe psychological distress. As hypothesized, psychological distress was only predicted by intolerance of uncertainty. Our results highlight the rapidity with which the containment situation caused psychological distress and discuss intolerance to uncertainty as a predisposed personality trait as well as an inherent consequence of the pandemic situation.
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Bien-être et le vécu scolaire des élèves du secondaire durant la période de (dé)confinement
Ariane Baye, Liesje Coertjens, Benoît Galand et Dominique Lafontaine
Université de Liège et l’UCLouvain
Ariane.Baye@uliege.be; liesje.coertjens@uclouvain.be; benoit.galand@uclouvain.be; dlafontaine@uliege.be
https://uclpsychology.co1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_esx4c27SRdggt1j
Online Surveystudents in secondary education FWB
This study aims to map students' well-being during the lockdown. It also examines how they experience the distance education during this period
4th of June-30th of June
yes
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Welbevinden op school Nadine Engels, Jetske Strijbos
VUB, Université de Liège & l’UCLouvain
jetske.strijbos@vub.be
https://uclpsychology.co1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_b4pNOjJ7zZPR6f3
Online Survey
students in last 2 year of primary education & secondary education
Flanders
We willen graag weten hoe jij school beleeft tijdens de lockdown en nu de scholen geleidelijk herstarten. Ben je ouder dan 10 jaar? Dan kan je je ervaringen met ons delen via deze vragenlijst. Invullen kan op computer, tablet of smartphone tot 30 juni 2020, en duurt tussen 10 en 15 minuten.
15th of June-30th of Juneyes
77
Impact of covid-19 lockdown on employees' work-family balance, social support, and burnout
Jesse Vullinghs, Tim Vantilborgh, Charles Driver
Work and Organizational Psychology, VUB - Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
tim.vantilborgh@vub.be-Experience sampling studyTeaching staff
International (the Netherlands)
A dynamic systems approach to study how the imposed lockdown affected within-person changes in work-family balance, social support, and burnout. We examine if there is an impact of the lockdown and how this impact unfolds over time. We compare the impact to that of another type of work interruption, namely holidays
September2019 - Still ongoingNoMaybeongoing-Early 2020, the world was shocked by the COVID-19 pandemic. To stop the spread of the virus and alleviate pressure on healthcare systems, governments took measures such as the complete lockdown of cities and states. However, the side effects of these measures are not yet well understood. In this study we examine the impact of the COVID-19 lockdown on employee wellbeing and specifically address the time course of these effects. We contribute to the literature by demonstrating that the COVID-19 lockdown was experienced as a stressor by the participants in our study, while demonstrating the rate of change and duration of these effects on employee wellbeing. Moreover, we test the causal order of the dimensions underlying burnout, thus contributing by showing how burnout develops over time. We tested our hypotheses in a sample of 120 employees, who’s work experiences we measured weekly over 35 weeks. We analyzed these data using Hierarchical Bayesian Continuous Time Dynamic Modeling (Driver & Voelkle, 2018a). Our results show that the lockdown has both positive and negative effects on employees’ wellbeing, yet the negative effects of the COVID-19 lockdown increase over the measured time period. Moreover, our results reveal complex feedback loops between the burnout dimensions, with emotional exhaustion driving increases in cynicism and decreases in professional efficacy, while cynicism simultaneously acted as an inhibitor by increasing professional efficacy.
We find that the lockdown led to an increase in work-to-life spillover, a decrease in resources, and had a mixed impact on burnout symptoms (increase in cynicism and decrease in exhaustion). These effects worsened as the lockdown continued.
Governments need to carefully balance the need for a lockdown against the potential consequences on the wellbeing of employees.
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Resilience: at the level of employment and unemployment (in the long run: careers)Ellen PeetersEllen.Peeters@ugent.be
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Hoe stel jij het in uw kot? Een vragenlijst naar het welbevinden tijdens de coronacrisisBart Soenens en Maarten Vansteenkiste
maarten.vansteenkiste@ugent.be
80
Investigating the complex interrelation between multimedia use and mentall wellbeing at times of physical distancing
Lien Faelens, Kristof Hoorelbeke, Rudi De Raedt & Ernst Koster
Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University
lien.faelens@ugent.beData collection completeonline surveyGeneral population (UK)UK
Given the strong heterogeneity in how physical distancing measures taken to prevent the spread of COVID-19 affected individuals, we wanted to investigate whether the complex interplay between multimedia use and indicators of (dys)functioning was contingent on personal or situational factors
May 2020MaybeyesUnder review/Results pertaining the effect of multimedia on mental health are mixed, suggesting that it may be important to take other factors into account. Research suggests that contextual factors may affect how and why people use multimedia, and how media use influences mental health. The coronavirus pandemic, which has led to unseen physical distancing measures around the globe, provides an interesting backdrop to study the influence of contextual variables. These measures may affect multimedia use and (dys)functioning in different ways, depending on personal or situational factors such as (a) housing condition, (b) quarantine status, (c) whether or not one (cohabits with someone that) is infected by COVID-19, or (d) at-risk for complications of COVID-19. Contextual influences on the relation between digital media use and indicators of (dys)functioning were examined in 1433 UK residents using network analyses and novel machine learning techniques. Our results showed that the interrelationships between multimedia use and mental health were at least partially contingent on personal contextual factors such as COVID-19 status of oneself or housemates, whether or not one was allowed to leave the house for work and whether or not one or one’s housemates belonged to a high-risk group.
The complex interplay between media use and different indicators of wellbeing at times of physical distancing are impacted by context factors such as housing condition and at risk state for complications following infection from COVID-19.
Raise awareness regarding the role of multimedia to stay informed with measures taking to prevend the spread of COVID-19, as well as to stay connected with one's social network
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COVID-19 restrictions: experience of parents of a child with ASD
Herbert Roeyers, Sarah Schaubroeck, Floor Moerman, Sofie Boterberg, Jasmine Siew, Arianna Zanatta
asskleuters@ugent.Besurvey
Parents of toddlers (2-6 years) with ASD
Belgium (Flanders)
The spread of COVID-19 has resulted in unprecedented change to life as we know it, including, closure of
schools, community spaces and increased levels of teleworking. This is a stressful time for most families who will have to
adapt and adhere to new norms, but in particular, likely creates a unique set of challenges for children with Autism
Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and their families. ASD is a neurodevelopmental condition, characterized by difficulties in
reciprocal social communication, restricted and repetitive patterns of behaviour, and atypical sensory responses. While
children with ASD often struggle with normative changes to their daily routine, sudden and drastic changes to school and
family life may be especially difficult to navigate. For example, adapting to homeschooling, cancellations in activities and
alterations in social contact with peers and teachers. Therefore it is important to understand what effect such changes to
daily life has had on children with ASD and their families. In particular, the impact on core ASD symptoms – specifically
restricted and repetitive patterns of behaviours, as well as secondary problems (e.g., sleeping). In addition, how parents
have adapted their behaviour in terms of involvement in caregiving tasks and quality of interaction with their children.
April-may 2020ongoing
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Attitudes and Feelings During COVID-19
Brent Hendrickx (masterstudent KUL, data collection for Belgium), Craig Smith (Vanderbilt University), Brian Parkinson (Oxford University, data collection UK)
Experimental psychology, emotion and social relations, Oxford university
brent.hendrickx@psy.ox.ac.uk
https://kuleuven.eu.qualtrics.com/.../SV_4HJZUIfxFZyBmLzonline surveyGeneral population
Flanders, Belgium + 13 other countries
Investigating the impact of the pandemic on people's thoughts and emotions across 13 countries (this survey is made by Craig Smith, Vanderbilt university)
26 nov - 15 decnonoongoing
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Depressive symptoms in higher education students during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. A comparison of risk factors across various high- and middle-income countries.
Veerle Buffel, Sarah Van De Velde
University of Antwerp, Ghent University (and C19-ISWS partners)
Veerle.Buffel@uantwerpen.be, Sarah.vandevelde@uantwerpen.be; edwin.wouters@uantwerpen.be, guido.vanhal@uantwerpen.be, Piet.bracke@ugent.be
online surveyHigher education students
26 countries and around 160 Higher eucation institutions
This study aims to map cross-national differences in depression and the related covid-specific stressor among higher education students during the first wave of the Covid Outbreack
Data is collected + first drafte is written
maybeyesongoing
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Disentangling depression in Belgian higher education students amidst the first COVID-19 lockdown
(April-May 2020)
Jeroen De Man, Veerle Buffel, Sarah van de Velde, Piet Bracke, Guido Van Hal, Edwin Wouters, for the Belgian COVID-19 International Student Well-being Study (C19 ISWS) team
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No man is an island: Psychological underpinnings of prosociality in the midst of the COVID-19 outbreak
Emanuele Politi, Jasper Van Assche, Gian Vittorio Caprara, & Karen Phalet
KU Leuven, Ghent University, Univeristy Roma la Sapienza
emanuele.politi@kuleuven.be
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2020.110534Online surveyGeneral population (UK)
Bonding and bridging forms of prosociality are analyzed and discussed, together with reccomandations on how to reinforce helping behaviours and preserve intergroup relations in the midst of the COVID-19 outbreak
May 2020 - December 2020YesYesPublishedhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2020.110534In response to the COVID-19 outbreak, sustainable forms of collective resilience help societies coping cohesively with unprecedented challenges. In our empirical contribution, we framed collective resilience and cohesion in terms of prosociality. A study carried out in the midst of the COVID-19 outbreak in the UK (N = 399) articulated basic individual values, ideological orientations (i.e., authoritarianism and social dominance orientation), and core political values in a comprehensive framework to predict bonding and bridging forms of prosocial in- tentions, and prosocial behaviors directed towards vulnerable groups. According to our findings, people whose worldview incorporates collective and collaborative principles cared more about others’ welfare. Jointly, self- transcendence, equality, and accepting immigrants predicted more prosociality, whereas social dominance orientation predicted less prosociality. Over and beyond all other predictors, self-transcendence uniquely pre- dicted prosocial intentions and behaviors alike. To conclude, we suggest interventions to promote and sustain prosociality among people motivated by a larger array of life goals and worldviews.
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An integrated COVID-19 threat framework: General and immigrant-specific threat appraisals from an intergroup perspective
Emanuele Politi, Adrian, Lueaders, Antoine Roblain, Eva Spiritus-Beerden, Joel Anderson, Jasper Van Assche, Sindhuja Sankaran, Eva Green, Ilse Derluyn, An Verelst, Saskia De Jonghe, & Karen Phalet
KU Leuven, Ghent University, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Université Clermont Auvergne, Australian Catholic University, Jagiellonian University of Kraków, University of Lausanne
emanuele.politi@kuleuven.be
systematic review
General population, Immigrants, refugees, and ethnic minorities
We propose an exaustive taxonomy of COVID-19-related threats experienced by the general population and immigrant minority groups. From threat assessment we move to possible implications for intergroup relations and propose moderating factors leading threat to enhance prosociality and intergroup helping
November 2020 - ongoingYesYesUnder reviewPaper available on request The COVID-19 constitutes an unprecedented threat for individuals, communities, and entire societies, revealing intergroup inequalities in preparedness, exposure, and consequences. The present review completes extant knowledge on natural disasters and pandemic diseases with original cross-cultural and programmatic empirical research, to propose an integrated COVID-19 threat framework. Building up on a broad definition of threat that comprises individual, collective and socio-structural components, we merge micro-level analyses to group dynamics and intergroup relations. First, we conduct a literature review using streamlined methods of knowledge synthesis to distinguish between threats appraised by the general public and specific threats appraised by immigrants, refugees, and ethnic minorities. Second, we outline the social-psychological processes that from threat appraisals fuel either conflict or prosociality within and across groups. To conclude, we identify moderating factors to prevent or reduce social conflicts as a result of the COVID-19 outbreak, promoting instead collective forms of resilience, social support and helping behaviours.
87
Impact of lockdown on anxiety symptomsAlexandre Heeren UCLouvain
alexandre.heeren@uclouvain.be
Online surveygeneral populationWe aim at identifying the impact of the lockdown the interplay between core anxiety symptoms
data is collected; we're now analyzing the data
YesYesIn preparationhttps://osf.io/9ehja/
88
The impact of COVID-19 on the postdoc researchers at KU LeuvenMarta Walentynowicz, Martina D'Agostini, Johan Vlaeyen
KU Leuven University | Health Psychology
marta.walentynowicz@kuleuven.be
surveypostdocs of KULeuven
Belgian and International
The aim of this survey was to assess how the restrictions due to the coronavirus have impacted the life of postdoctoral researchers at KU Leuven. Based on this information, we hope to provide KU Leuven with valuable information which can be further used to improve the actions directed towards minimizing the impact of this pandemic on the postdoctoral researchers.
May - June 2020NoyesInternal report created
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Psychological factors in long-term COVID-19 symptomsSara Scheveneels, Marta Walentynowicz, Omer Van den Bergh
KU Leuven | Centre for the Psychology of Learning and Experimental Psychopathology
sara.scheveneels@kuleuven.be
survey online
Individuals who had COVID-19 symptoms
Flanders and the Netherlands
The aim of this study is to investigate whether psychological factors are involved in experiencing long-term COVID-19 symptoms.
June 2020 - April 2021NoyesIn preparation
90
COVID-19. Reaching vulnerable migrant and ethnic minority communities in Antwerp through community engagement
Christiana Nöstlinger, Koen Peeters, Ella Van Landeghem, Jef Van Hamel, Charles Ddungu et al.
Institute of Tropical Medicine/Deaprtment of Public Health
cnoestlinger@itg.beEthnographic study (qualitative); participatory approach
Sub-Saharan African migrants, - Jewish and Turkish/Morroccan communities
Belgian (Antwerp metropolitan region)
To rapidly assess information and prevention needs among vulnerable migrant and ethnic minority groups in the Antwerp metropolitan area to inform community engagement strategies
May 2020- ongoingnoone paper under review, results also avilable in a report of the City of Antwerp
91
COVID-19- Youth alcohol use and intolerance of uncertaintyMarie Vander Haegen (ULiège) & Anne-Marie Etienne (ULiège)
Unité de Recherche Santé et Société (URISS; ULiège)
mvanderhaegen@uliege.be
https://surveys.fplse.uliege.be/surveys/intro.php?m=0&surveylng=Fr
Longitudinal study
Belgian students (bachelor and master degree)
BelgiumThis study aims to identify risk and protective factors among students regarding alcohol abusefebruary 21- ....septembre 2024noYestesting phase
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