Place names in South Australia
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ThemeLocationOrigin of Place Name
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WarAlma: After the River Alma in the Crimea, site of an allied victory in 1854.
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Event
American River:
Camp site of American sealers in the early 19th Century. The men built a boat from local timber.
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IndigenousAndamooka:
Originally called Andamoka after the Aboriginal word for a large waterhole in the area, which was seen by John McDowell Stuart in 1858.
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PersonAngaston:Named after early landholder George Fife Angas.
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PlaceArdrossan: Named by Governor Fergusson after a seaport in Ayrshire, Scotland.
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WarBalaklava: Named after the Battle of Balaclava, in the Crimean War.
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PersonBalhannah:
Balhannah: James Turnbull Thompson named it after his mother - Hannah - but there is some disagreement on with whether the "Bal" is a corruption of the French "belle", meaning beautiful, or from the Celtic word meaning town.
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IndigenousBarmera:
Possibly from the Aboriginal word Pamuri, meaning place of spears. Other sources claim it was named after a tribe that lived in the area.
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IndigenousBerri:
Some sources say the town was named after the Aboriginal word ber-beri, meaning a bend in the river, while others say it is derived from the name of a native bush.
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PlaceBethany:
Originally called Neuschlesian, or New Silesia, by German immigrants, before becoming Bethanein after the town in Palestine. Later anglicised to Bethany.
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IndigenousBibaringa:From the Aboriginal word for hilltop.
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PersonBirdwood:
Originally known as Blumberg, or "hill of flowers" in German, it was changed to honour Sir William Birdwood, a British commander of Australian soldiers at Gallipoli.
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PersonBlyth:Named after Sir Arthur Blyth, a prominent South Australian politician.
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IndigenousBooborowie:An Aboriginal word meaning "round waterhole".
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Indigenous
Booleroo Centre:
Either from an Aboriginal word meaning "plenty", or possibly "soft mud".
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DescriptionBordertown:
Chosen by the SA government as a depot for gold escorts. Actually a number of kilometres from the state border.
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PersonBrinkworth: Named after James Brinkworth, who owned the land on which the railway junction was located.
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IndigenousBrukunga: Aboriginal, meaning "fire stone".
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IndigenousBurra:
One of our most controversial placenames, the town was originally known as Burra Burra. It is either derived from the Aboriginal word meaning "great", or "big", or possibly from a Hindi word, also meaning "big". There were a number of workers from the subcontinent employed in the region.
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PlaceBute:After Bute Island, in Scotland.
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PlaceCallington: From the town in Cornwall.
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IndigenousCaltowie: Aboriginal for "waterhole belonging to the sleepy lizard".
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WarCambrai:
Another German name lost during World War I, Cambrai was originally called Rhine Valley. Cambrai is a town in France.
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PersonCape Jervis: Named by Flinders after the family name of Lord St Vincent.
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IndigenousCarrickalinga:From an Aboriginal word meaning "place of red gum firewood".
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IndigenousCeduna:Probably a corruption of the Aboriginal word "chedoona", meaning a place to sit down and rest.
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PersonChandlers Hill: Named after Charles Chandler, an early settler and farmer.
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Description
Cherry Gardens
: Named after the discovery of native trees with abundant fruit.
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PlaceClare:Founded by Edward Gleeson, who named the area after County Clare, in Ireland.
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IndigenousCobdogla: Named after the king of the Overland Corner Aboriginal tribe.
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Description
Cockatoo Valley
: Named after the abundance of cockatoos in the region during an excursion in 1837,
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IndigenousCoober Pedy:Aboriginal word meaning "hole in the ground".
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IndigenousCoobowie: Aboriginal for "wildfowl on the water".
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IndigenousCoonalpyn: An Aboriginal word meaning which translates to "barren woman".
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IndigenousCoonawarra:A rise or hill covered with honeysuckle trees, in the local Aboriginal language.
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PersonCowell:Named by Governor Jervois after Sir John Clayton Cowell.
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DescriptionCrystal Brook:
Named by Edward John Eyre (who misspelled it "Chrystal" Brook) for the stream's clear water. The Aboriginal word for the area was Mercowie, also meaning clear water.
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IndigenousCudlee Creek: From an Aboriginal word for dog. Wild dogs were once abundant in the area.
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IndigenousCurramulka: Aboriginal for a waterhole where emus drink.
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EventDarke Peak: Named after John Charles Darke, who was speared and killed by Aborigines in the area.
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IndigenousEchunga:An Aboriginal word meaning "close by".
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IndigenousEdillilie: "Two springs close together", in the regional Aboriginal language.
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EventEncounter Bay: Commemorates the meeting of two great explorers - Matthew Flinders and Nicolas Baudin - in 1802.
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IndigenousEudunda: Named after a spring west of the town, which the Aboriginal people called Eudunda-cowie.
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DescriptionForest Range:Forest Range: A descrip tive name for the area.
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PersonFreeling: Named after Major-General Sir Arthur Henry Freeling, Surveyor-General and Colonial Engineer.
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PersonGeorgetown
: Possibly named after George Fisher, a local landowner who drowned in a shipwreck, or Sir George Fisher, a local MP.
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PersonGladstone: Named after the British Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone.
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PlaceGlenburnie:A Scottish name, possibly meaning "a spring in the narrow valley".
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PlaceGlencoe:Named after Glencoe in Scotland.
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PlaceGlendambo:
Takes its name from the nearby Glendambo homestead. The source of the homestead's name seems to be unknown.
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PersonGlossop:
Named for J.C.T. Glossop, of the HMAS Sydney, which destroyed the German cruiser Emden in the Cocos Islands during WWWorld War I.
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IndigenousGoolwa: From an Aboriginal word believed to mean "the elbow", reflecting the bend in the River Murray.
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PersonHahndorf:
Named for after Captain Dirk Meinhertz Hahn, commander of the German immigrant ship Zebra, which arrived at Port Adelaide on December 28, 1838. It was renamed to Ambleside during World War I, but reverted to its original name in 1935.
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PersonHamley Bridge: Named after Francis G. Hamley, Administrator of South Australia, 1868-69.
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Person
Hardwicke Bay:
Named by Flinders in 1802 after the Earl of Hardwicke.
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PlaceHarrogate:Named after Harrogate in Yorkshire, England.
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PlaceHatherleig: After Hatherleigh in Devonshire, England.
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PersonHawker:Named after G.C. Hawker, a South Australian politician.
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PersonHayborough: Named after Alexander Hay, who laid out the town.
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DescriptionHeathfield:A descriptive name.
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DescriptionHilltown: Again, a descriptive name.
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Person
Hindmarsh Island:
Named in 1837 after South Australia's first Governor, John Hidmarsh.
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Person
Hindmarsh Valley:
The Governor receives another guernsey.
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PersonHorsnell Gully:Named after John Horsnell, who arrived in South Australia in 1839 and lived in the gully.
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WarHumbug Scrub:
One source says the area was given its curious name by Colonel Light, as it reminded him of the Battle of Barossa, "where guerilla forces were a humbug". Another says it was given by a resident of the area who hated living there.
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PersonInneston:
Named after W.R.D. Innes, a director of the mining company that took up a lease to extract gypsum from the area.
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DescriptionIron Knob: Named for after the iron ore mine, the town was proclaimed in 1915.
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PersonJames Well: Near Ardrossan on the Yorke Peninsula, named after settler William Wearne James.
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PersonJamestown: Formerly known as Belalie, it was renamed by Governor Sir James Fergusson, possibly after himself (
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UnkonwJupiter Creek:
The name was bestowed by local gold miners, possibly after a bullock who had a fondness for running away to graze in the area.
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IndigenousKadina:An Aboriginal word meaning "lizard plain".
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IndigenousKalangadoo:
Possibly a corruption of an Aboriginal word meaning either "dog watering place" or "yabby hole". Other sources say it comes from an Aboriginal word meaning "swamp with many gums".
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IndigenousKangarilla:
Another Aboriginal word whose meaning is disputed. Could mean "birthplace", or possibly "two waterholes". Another source says "a place for kangaroos and timber" or "kangaroos and water". Yet another says it means "where the sheep mother sits down". What's not in dispute is that the area was once known as Eyre's Flat.
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IndigenousKanmantoo: F rom an Aboriginal word meaning "different speech".
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IndigenousKapunda:An Aboriginal word "cappieoonda", meaning "water jumps out", in reference to a spring.
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IndigenousKaroonda: Aboriginal word meaning "winter's camp".
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PersonKeith:
Proclaimed during the Governorship of Lord Kintore, who was had the title of Lord Keith. The original railway siding was known by the much more interesting name of Mount Monster.
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PersonKeyneton: Named after Joseph Keynes, a business partner of George Fife Angas.
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IndigenousKimba:
A corruption of an Aboriginal word meaning "bark house", although another source says that it may mean "fire".
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PersonKingscote: Named after Henry Kingscote, a director of the South Australian Land Company.
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Person
Kingston On Murray:
Named after Charles Cameron Kingston.
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PersonKingston SE: Named by Governor MacDonnell after George Strickland Kingston.
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IndigenousKongorong: Aboriginal word meaning "place of swans"
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IndigenousKoonibba: Corruption of Aboriginal word meaning "centre of the eye", referring to a nearby rock waterhole.
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IndigenousKoppio: Aboriginal word for water.
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IndigenousKuitpo: An Aboriginal word meaning grass place.
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IndigenousLameroo:
An Aboriginal word whose meaning has been lost, but a number of sources suggest it may have an obscene meaning.
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person
Langhorne Creek:
Named after Alfred Langhorne, who drove cattle overland from Sydney in 1841 and settled in the area.
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personLaura: Named by Governor Fergusson after the widow of H.B. Hughes, who owned land in the area.
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personLeigh Creek:Named after Harry Leigh, Alexander Glen's head stockman.
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warLenswood:From the town of Lens in France, the scene of fierce fighting during the First World War I.
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personLipson: Named after Harbour Masterharbourmaster Thomas Lipson.
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place
Littlehampton:
After the town in Sussex, England.
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DescriptionLobethal:
Named by German immigrants who, in honour of their newfound religious freedom, named it Lobethal, meaning which means "valley of praise". The name was subsequently changed to Tweedvale during the First World War I.
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personLochiel:Located in the Hundred of Cameron. Lochiel is one of the titles of the Chief of Cameron, in Scotland.
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personLock: Named after Corporal A.E. Lock, who was killed in action in 1917.
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placeLouth Bay: Named by Flinders after Louth in Lincolnshire, England.
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personLoveday: Named after Ernest Loveday, surveyor for the Irrigation Department.
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