Virginia Native Plants List
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ABCDEFGHIJ
1
IDCommon NameScientific NameHabitWildlife Supported
WildlifeValue
Wildlife BenefitsOther BenefitsNotes
Deer Resistant*
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5American Beautyberry, French MulberryCallicarpa americanaShrubBirds—song, Mammals—smallVery ornamentalTRUE
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13Arrowwood Viburnum, Mapleleaf viburnum,Viburnum acerfoliumShrubButterflies, Birds—song, Mammals—small, Spring AzureHighBerries, flowers. Larval host and/or nectar source for Spring Azure (Celastrina "ladon" )TRUE
4
8Black HawViburnum prunifoliumShrubBees, Birds—song, Mammals—smallHighUSFWS-NPC: "ornamental; flower clusters fairly showy; fruits edible, used for preserves"TRUE
5
21Black-eyed SusanRudbeckia hirtaHerbButterflies, Birds—song, Insects—beneficialMediumTRUE
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23Bottlebrush BuckeyeAesculus parvifloraShrubTRUE
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22Butterfly WeedAsclepia tuberosaHerbButterflies, Mammals—small, Insects—beneficialMediumTRUE
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17Canada GoldenrodSolidago canadensisHerbTRUE
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19Cardinal FlowerLobelia cardinalisHerbButterflies, Birds—song, Insects—beneficial, HummingbirdsMediumTRUE
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6Downy Serviceberry, ShadbushAmelanchier arboreaTreeBees, Birds—song, Mammals—smallMediumUSFWS-NPC: "35 species of birds eat fruits, 58 wildlife species total, important early summer food"berries edible to humans; fall color; white flowers in early springTRUE
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12Eastern RedbudCercis canadensisTreeButterflies, Bees, Birds—song, Mammals—smallMedium Fixes nitrogen. Showy pink flowers, about the same time as dogwood.TRUE
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4Flowering DogwoodCornus floridaTreeBirds—song, Mammals—small, Birds—waterHighUSFWS-NPC: "many fall migrant birds eat berries, very important wildlife species."Excelent ornamentalTRUE
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11Golden Ragwort, Golden GroundselPackera aureaHerbButterflies, BeesFALSE
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18Joe-pye WeedEupatorium fistulosumHerbButterflies, Birds—song, Insects—beneficialMediumFALSE
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24New England AsterSymphyotricum novae-angliaeHerbTRUE
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20Oak Leaf HydrangeaHydrangea quercifoliaShrubFALSE
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3Paw-pawAsimina trilobaTreeButterflies, Birds—song, Mammals—smallMediumFruit in fall, butterfly hostTRUE
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25Purple ConeflowerEchinacea purpureaHerbTRUE
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2Red ChokeberryAronia arbutifolia or Photinia pyrifoliaTreeBees, Birds—song, Mammals—small, Black Bears, Birds—gameLowNWF: "Although chokeberry fruits persist through much of the winter, they appear to be of little importance to wildlife; they are occasionally eaten by game birds and songbirds and reportedly by bears."TRUE
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9SassafrasSassafras albidumTreeBirds—song, Mammals—smallUSFWS-NPC: "edible and medicinal uses; provides spring and fall color"TRUE
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14Scarlet Buckeye, Red Buckeye, Firecracker PlantAesculus paviaTreeHummingbirds, Squirrels Flowers attract hummingbirds and bees. Nuts consumed by squirrels.UTA-NPD: "handsome shrub or small tree with showy panicles of deep red or yellow, campanulate flowers in early spring"TRUE
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10Sourwood, Sorrel TreeOxydendrum arboreumTreeBees, Insects—beneficialUTA-NPD: " Small, white, lily-of-the-valley-like flowers hang in rows from 6-8 in. spikelets, appearing after the leaves are fully grown. Pale yellow fruit capsules are almost as showy as the flowers. These darken and remain well after leaf drop in fall. TRUE
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15SpicebushLindera benzoinShrubButterflies, Birds—song, Mammals—small, Spicebush Swallowtail, Promethean MothHigh used by wildlife as much as sassafrasTRUE
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7Summersweet, Sweet PepperbushClethra alnifoliaShrubButterflies, Bees, Birds—song, Mammals—small, Birds—waterMediumvery fragrantTRUE
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1Washington HawthornCrataegus phaenopyrumTreeBirds UTA__NPD: "Provides favored food, cover and nesting habitat for birds."One of showiest hawthorns. Brilliant fall foliage. Abundant small apple-like flowers in spring. Many small, round, red berries that persist into winter.FALSE
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16Winterberry Holly, Black AlderIlex verticillataShrubBees, Birds—song, Mammals—small, Birds—waterHighornamental berries provide emergency winter bird foodTRUE
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*Level of resistance vary, and most deer will eat pretty much any plant if hungry enough.
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Abbreviations:
31
NWF
National Wildlife Federation
32
USFWS-NPC
US Fish & Wildlife Service Native Plant Center (website)
33
UTA__NPD
University of Texas Native Plant Database
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