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2508382/25/201010COPENHAGEN107CONFIDENTIALEmbassy Copenhagen10STATE15722VZCZCXYZ0017
PP RUEHWEB

DE RUEHCP #0107 0561654
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P 251654Z FEB 10
FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 5542
INFO RUEHTV/AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV PRIORITY 1320
RUEHJM/AMCONSUL JERUSALEM PRIORITY 0286
RUEHGV/USMISSION GENEVA PRIORITY 0003
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK PRIORITY 1602
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000107

SIPDIS

STATE FOR IO:CMUSSER, NEA/IAI, EUR/NB

E.O. 12958: DECL: 02/23/2020
TAGS: PHUM, IO, UNGA, PREL, KPAL, IS, DA
SUBJECT: GOLDSTONE REPORT: DEMARCHE DELIVERED

REF: STATE 15722

Classified By: Ambassador Laurie S. Fulton; reason 1.4 (b, d)

1. (C) Allan Jacobsen, Head of MFA's Human Rights
Department, told A/DCM February 22 that Denmark agrees the UN
Human Rights Council is the first place that should deal with
any follow-up to the Goldstone Report, as it is the body that
commissioned the Report. He added that there might in future
be reason to involve others. Jacobsen was responding to
reftel demarche. He said Denmark is "very much pleased" that
Israel took the Report seriously.

2. (C) Jacobsen appreciated hearing about the USG's
concerns regarding the new draft UNGA resolution circulated
by the Palestinian Observer Mission, as he had not yet seen
that draft.
FULTON
3
2499062/22/201010COPENHAGEN103CONFIDENTIALEmbassy CopenhagenVZCZCXRO9569
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DE RUEHCP #0103/01 0531151
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
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FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 5535
INFO RUEHZG/NATO EU COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
RUEHBJ/AMEMBASSY BEIJING PRIORITY 0624
RUEHUP/AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST PRIORITY 0093
RUEHBUL/AMEMBASSY KABUL PRIORITY 0104
RUEHMO/AMEMBASSY MOSCOW PRIORITY 1558
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 03 COPENHAGEN 000103

SIPDIS

STATE FOR EUR/NB, EUR:DAS QUANRUD, EUR/RUS, EUR/RPM
STATE FOR EAP/CM, NEA/IR, SCA/A
PARIS FOR TSAR PELLERIN
BUDAPEST PLEASE PASS TO EUR DAS QUANRUD

E.O. 12958: DECL: 02/19/2020
TAGS: PREL, MARR, ETTC, ASEC, KWMN, CH, RU, IR, GL, DA
SUBJECT: EUR DAS QUANRUD'S FEBRUARY 10-11 VISIT: FOREIGN
AFFAIRS, DEFENSE AND SOCIAL POLICY ISSUES

Classified By: Ambassador Laurie S. Fulton; reason 1.4 (b, d)

1. (C) SUMMARY: In meetings with visiting EUR DAS Quanrud,
Danish officials indicated solid support for new UNSC
sanctions against Iran; described Danish-Chinese relations as
barely recovered from "a major bilateral crisis" after a fall
meeting between the Prime Minister and the Foreign Minister
with the Dalai Lama; and reflected on improved Danish-Russian
relations. They indicated positive movement within the GOD
on the Federal Air Marshall issue. The Danish saw a need for
a dialogue within the NATO Alliance on Arctic issues to
understand military trends, but stressed that this was
not/not a call for a NATO presence there. The role of women
in business was the focus of a dinner with representatives
from industry and government. END SUMMARY.

2. (U) EUR DAS Quanrud visited Copenhagen February 10-11.
She met with MFA, MOD, Danish Energy Agency (septel), and the
Greenland Representation. Ambassador Fulton also hosted a
dinner in her honor with senior Danish businesswomen and
government officials.

MFA
---

3. (C) Ambassador Fulton hosted a working lunch for DAS
Quanrud with MFA Political Director and State Secretary for
Strategic Development Ulrik Vestergaard Knudsen and MFA Legal
Adviser Thomas Winkler; Key points:

- Iran: Knudsen said Denmark is among the USG's staunchest
supporters on Iran, and that there is consensus in the EU
that we are headed for sanctions if Iran does not comply
soon. The question is: what will work? Nobody knows, he
answered, but sanctions are "the only option we have" and
they have repeatedly brought Iran to the table over the past
eight years. The Europeans now see that their passive
approach towards the green movement last summer was
unsuccessful. Winkler recommended that key players (he named
the USG, EU, Russia, and China) should agree on
interpretation of any sanctions resolution, because "if it is
too difficult, states will do nothing."

- China: Knudsen admitted Denmark had experienced "a major
bilateral crisis" with China in the Fall after the Prime
Minister and the Foreign Minister met with the Dalai Lama.
The Chinese were "subtle but tough, especially on contracts."
The matter was laid to rest when a Note Verbale was
negotiated - with broad support within the Danish parliament
- in which Denmark stated it would not support Tibetan
independence. Knudsen described this as consistent with
Denmark's "one China" policy. He added that the parliament
would debate the matter in March. Major EU countries are
starting to understand that unity is necessary when dealing
with China, because individually, no member state is big
enough to make China care. He predicted the issue of the EU
arms embargo would come back onto the table.

- Federal Air Marshals (FAMs): Winkler noted that the FAMs
issue is not a "foreign affairs matter," to which DAS Quanrud
replied that it is, in fact, crucial to the bilateral
relationship, and the Ambassador added that it is dear to the
President. Winkler assessed that the matter is "moving in
the right direction"; Transport Minister Barfoed "is quite
reasonable," and "sees the larger picture." Winkler
supported asking the Foreign Minister to speak with Barfoed.
It is important to handle the parliament properly: the
matter does not require a parliamentary decision, merely
consultation, and it must be dealt with quietly as a
counterterrorism issue. Winkler thought it probable that
Barfoed would brief the Parliament,s Transport Committee
after consulting with key political-party leaders. Knudsen
remarked that the main opposition party, the Social Democrats
(SDP), would be much more sympathetic to President Obama than
to President Bush. The Ambassador, noting that she had told
the Prime Minister's national security advisor that the White
House hopes for resolution by early April, offered to reach
out to SDP leader Helle Thorning-Schmidt at the right time;
she also reminded that there is a standing invitation for the
Danes to visit the FAMs training site in New Jersey, perhaps
more than once. Winkler took note of the offer to help with
the SDP.


COPENHAGEN 00000103 002 OF 003


- Russia: Knudsen said Denmark's relations with Russia are
now the best they have been since 2002. The PM has met with
Putin and Medvedev, and Medvedev is coming on a state visit
in April. Denmark has very strong ties with the Baltic
states, and is looking at how to persuade them to be "more
constructive" towards Russia within the EU. At the same
time, he added, "we need to get Russia away from zero-sum
thinking." DAS Quanrud noted that the USG is very pragmatic
in its approach towards Russia; since our "reset." Russia has
moved on Iran, has been helpful on Afghanistan, and more
productive in START negotiations. The Danes agreed that the
Balts would welcome the principled pragmatism of the current
U.S. approach. Knudsen added that their great fear is that
they will be sacrificed to improve relations with Russia.

- Arctic: Winkler noted that he would be accompanying the
Foreign Minister to the Ottawa meeting of the five Arctic
littoral states. Knudsen agreed that the Arctic should not
become militarized, and took on board the U.S. desire to keep
the Arctic Council at the center of discussions about the
region. He did not think NATO should play a significantly
bigger role than it does now, nor should the EU.

MOD
---

4. (C) DAS Quanrud, accompanied by Ambassador Fulton, met
with MOD Permanent Secretary Lars Findsen,Deputy Permanent
Secretary of State for Defense Kristian Fischer and Jens
Oddershede, Deputy Head of Department for NATO and EU Policy.
Key points:

- Afghanistan: DAS Quanrud expressed thanks for Denmark's
outsized contributions and stressed that our commitment to
this effort must be driven by the shared threat to our own
security. The Danes agreed and said their plan for
operations this year in Helmand province should be ready in
the next few weeks. Denmark will stay the course but with
increasing emphasis on training and partnering with the
Afghan security forces. In this regard, the Danes asked for
USG help in ensuring that appropriate Afghan partners are
made available for them to work with in the field.

- Missile Defense: DAS Quanrud said we will continue
discussions in NATO on all aspects of ballistic missile
defense, and urged that the issue not be left hostage to
alliance budget woes. The phased adaptive approach uses
largely U.S. assets, but command and control as well as other
assets require NATO planning, connectivity, and rules of
engagement. Fischer noted that some Europeans may worry that
letting the U.S. into the European missile-defense-technology
market would give the American manufacturers a competitive
advantage.

- Arctic: Quanrud noted the opportunity to expand civil
cooperation (search and rescue, environmental protection,
etc.), and the potentially useful role of the Thule airbase
in Greenland in this regard. She asked what the Danes meant
when they spoke of NATO and the Arctic. Fischer explained
that Defense Minister Gade saw a need for a dialogue within
the Alliance to understand trends, but stressed that this was
not/not a call for a NATO presence in the Arctic, which
Denmark agrees should not be militarized. Fischer noted that
Denmark currently chairs the Arctic Council, with a focus on
coast-guard and search-and-rescue cooperation. He added that
Norway may be looking for more NATO visibility in the region
than Denmark is.

- Russia: The DAS asked about Danish thinking on European
security and relations with Russia, including CFE. Fischer
replied that Denmark believes in using existing instruments
and using them better. Fischer noted that Denmark agrees on
the need to engage Russia carefully and to find more
effective means than the currently dysfunctional NATO-Russia
Council. He stated that the Danish NATO Secretary General is
aligned with this thinking.

WOMEN IN BUSINESS
-----------------

5. (SBU) The Ambassador hosted a dinner attended by eight
leading Danish businesswomen and two Deputy Permanent
Secretaries from the Ministry for Business and Economic

COPENHAGEN 00000103 003 OF 003


Affairs. The discussion focused on the challenges affecting
women in leadership positions and the initiatives being taken
to address them. The rate of female participation in the
workforce is high in Denmark, but the percentage of women in
senior leadership is quite low. The state provides extensive
support (notably a full year of maternity leave to be shared
between the parents as they see fit), but that in itself
creates pressure on women to take time off from their careers
to care for their infants. The Ambassador took the
opportunity to mention in several sidebar discussions the
planned conference on the role of women in global security.

6. (U) DAS Quanrud has cleared this cable.
FULTON
4
2498932/22/201010COPENHAGEN102CONFIDENTIALEmbassy CopenhagenVZCZCXYZ0011
PP RUEHWEB

DE RUEHCP #0102/01 0531106
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P 221106Z FEB 10
FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 5533
INFO RUEHAM/AMEMBASSY AMMAN PRIORITY 0084
RUEHAK/AMEMBASSY ANKARA PRIORITY 0240
RUEHEG/AMEMBASSY CAIRO PRIORITY 0001
RUEHDM/AMEMBASSY DAMASCUS PRIORITY 0122
RUEHDO/AMEMBASSY DOHA PRIORITY 0033
RUEHRH/AMEMBASSY RIYADH PRIORITY 0081
RUEHTV/AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV PRIORITY 1318
RUEHJM/AMCONSUL JERUSALEM PRIORITY 0284
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC PRIORITY
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000102

SIPDIS

STATE FOR S/SEMEP, NEA, S/P, EUR/ERA, EUR/NB, EUR/SE
NSC FOR DENNIS ROSS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 02/19/2020
TAGS: PREL, KPAL, XF
SUBJECT: (C) MIDEAST PEACE: DANISH MFA FLOATS A LOW-KEY
MULTILATERAL INITIATIVE

Classified By: Ambassador Laurie S. Fulton; reason 1.4 (b, d)

1. (C) SUMMARY: MFA briefed the Embassy on an initiative
it is exploring - pending approval from FM Moeller - to
promote low-key cooperation among Israel and its neighbors.
Turkey, Israel, Jordan, Egypt, and Qatar responded favorably
during an exploratory visit in January. Palestinian interest
will be gauged the week of February 22. Denmark "would not
do anything the U.S. opposed"; encouraged by the Danish
Embassy's consultations with the State Department February
18, MFA staff intend to seek FM Moeller's authorization to
move forward, probably by inviting the parties to a "dialogue
group" meeting in Denmark this spring. The FM is seeking to
meet with the Secretary in late March, ahead of the Ottawa
meeting of the five Arctic littoral states; this initiative
is one of the topics on his agenda. END SUMMARY.

2. (C) Allan Pagh Kristensen, Deputy Head of MFA's Middle
East Department, briefed A/DCM February 19 on an initiative
the MFA has been exploring since last summer to encourage
low-key practical cooperation among Israel and its neighbors.
Kristensen made clear that his briefing was in parallel to
consultations the Danish Embassy in Washington had held the
previous day with Anne-Marie Slaughter (S/P) and Fred Hof
(S/SEMEP). Foreign Minister Per Stig Moeller - who has long
taken a keen interest in the Mideast - had authorized the
ministry last summer to explore ways Denmark could help bring
the parties to the Arab-Israeli conflict together. However,
Moeller has not yet been briefed on, let alone approved, the
fleshed-out proposal that has emerged. This proposal is the
fruit of a process that included brainstorming in Copenhagen
in November with Egyptian, Jordanian, Israeli, Moroccan and
Turkish participants, and a visit to the region in early
January by Kristensen, accompanied by Canadian Prof. Peter
Jones and a Danish researcher. (NOTE: Kristensen said Prof.
Jones briefed Dennis Ross on February 18. END NOTE.) The
January tour drew encouraging reactions from Israel, Egypt,
Jordan, Qatar, and Turkey, while Syria made clear it was not
ready to engage with Israel, and Saudi Arabia was hesitant,
though interlocutors in its National Security Council were
interested. Kristensen remarked that Denmark may seek USG
help in moving the Saudis forward. Kristensen's boss, Middle
East Department Head Michael Lund Jeppesen, will travel to
Ramallah the week of January 22 to present the proposed
initiative to the Palestinian Authority's Foreign Minister,
and expects a favorable response. Denmark considers
Palestinian participation "on an equal footing with Israel"
to be essential, but the Palestinian Authority would not have
been receptive in January, and the Danes did not approach
them; Kristensen was confident that the PA would be more
receptive now.

3. (C) The concept of the Danish initiative is for the
Mideastern participants, working without publicity, to form a
steering group and, under it, working groups to discuss
subjects of shared interest, with a view to producing
recommendations to governments. The Danes are flexible as to
their own role, and as to whether the Mideastern participants
are government officials or not, provided they have their
respective governments' ear and blessing. Possible subjects
that were identified during the January trip include:
climate change (Denmark has a great deal of expertise),
preparedness against pandemics, regional infrastructure,
vocational training, youth unemployment, and women's rights
and empowerment. Political subjects should be avoided, as
should any where Israel would be too dominant or where the
gaps in technological level between the parties would be too
great. The steering group would decide on subjects.
Kristensen said there might only be two working groups to
start with. If the initiative grows, it will be necessary to
bring in other external partners, but those must be chosen
carefully: some of the larger European nations are viewed as
biased in certain Mideastern capitals. During their January
consultations, the Danes heard that while USG awareness and
support are indispensable, direct USG involvement in the
early stages of the initiative could be counterproductive.
4. (C) Kristensen said Denmark "would not do anything the
U.S. opposed," and the time was ripe to brief the USG. This
was done through the Danish Embassy February 18, and the
response was sufficiently favorable that MFA will put the

proposed initiative to FM Moeller for decision. Assuming the
Palestinians respond favorably and the FM gives his approval,
MFA's next step will probably be to invite the regional
parties to a "dialogue group" (i.e. steering group) meeting
in Denmark this spring.

5. (C) Through the Danish Embassy in Washington, FM Moeller
is seeking a meeting with the Secretary in late March, ahead
of the Ottawa meeting of the five Arctic littoral states;
this initiative is one of the topics on his agenda.
Kristensen hoped to meet again with the Embassy
FULTON
5
2496442/19/201010COPENHAGEN99CONFIDENTIALEmbassy Copenhagen10STATE14366VZCZCXYZ0168
PP RUEHWEB

DE RUEHCP #0099 0501431
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
P 191431Z FEB 10
FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 5530
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000099

SIPDIS

STATE FOR EUR/RPM:RCARLAND AND ACOPE, SCA/A:ARUSH, EUR/NB

E.O. 12958: DECL: 02/19/2020
TAGS: MASS, PREL, NATO, DA, AF
SUBJECT: AFGHANISTAN: ISAF TRAINERS DEMARCHE DELIVERED

REF: STATE 14366

Classified By: Charge d'Affaires Richard Bell; reason 1.4 (b, d)

(C) A/DCM delivered reftel demarche February 19 to acting
Head of MFA Americas Department Kit Clausen. More senior
officials were unavailable, as this week is Denmark's winter
break. Clausen understood the importance the USG attaches to
this matter, and the time-sensitivity in light of the
February 23 force-generation conference. She undertook to
report the demarche to her Government's senior leadership the
same day.
BELL
6
2493372/18/201010COPENHAGEN95CONFIDENTIALEmbassy Copenhagen10STATE13969VZCZCXRO6588
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FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 5524
INFO RUCNMEM/EU MEMBER STATES PRIORITY
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000095

SIPDIS

STATE FOR EUR/ERA, EAP/CM, PM/RSAT, ISN/RA
STATE FOR NEA/IR, EUR/UMB, EUR/NB, WHA

E.O. 12958: DECL: 02/18/2020
TAGS: PREL, PARM, PHUM, KNUC, ETTC, EAID, CH, IR, UP, HA
SUBJECT: (C) FAC AND CHINA ARMS EMBARGO DEMARCHES DELIVERED

REF: A. STATE 13969
B. EMAIL KONICK-BELL 2/17/2010

Classified By: Ambassador Laurie S. Fulton; reason 1.4 (b, d)

(C) A/DCM delivered ref A demarche and the talking points for
the upcoming EU Foreign Affairs Council (FAC) February 18 to
MFA acting European Correspondent Mercan Nielsen. Nielsen
took note of the China points but had no substantive
response. On the FAC points, she offered the following
responses:

- On Iran, Denmark will press the EU to be "more firm" in the
face of the Iranian regime's "unacceptable" behavior.
Dialogue is the preferred option but "it's not working." The
international community needs to find a way to support the
Iranian people's right to freedom of expression, but "we are
not talking about regime-change." The EU needs to prepare to
act but does not want to get ahead of the UNSC process for
fear of undercutting it.

- On Ukraine, Denmark agrees with the USG position. It does
not/not interpret the election of Yanukovych to mean that
Ukraine is choosing to side with Russia against the West.

- On Haiti, the discussion will be about drawing lessons from
the disaster response effort, so as to be more effective in
future cases.

- Italy and Malta want to add Libya to the agenda because of
its visa restrictions. Given that the EU already has a visa
regime in place for Libya, the only outcome is expected to be
a political statement.
FULTON
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2491762/17/201010COPENHAGEN93CONFIDENTIALEmbassy Copenhagen10STATE12558VZCZCXRO5650
PP RUEHSL
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FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 5523
INFO RUEHZG/NATO EU COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
RUEHPU/AMEMBASSY PORT AU PRINCE PRIORITY 0003
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000093

SIPDIS

STATE FOR HAITI TASK FORCE, WHA

E.O. 12958: DECL: 02/16/2020
TAGS: PREL, EAID, MARR, HA, DA
SUBJECT: (C) TFHA01: DENMARK CONSIDERING FURTHER AID

REF: STATE 12558

Classified By: Ambassador Laurie S. Fulton; reason 1.4 (b, d)

1. (C) Denmark intends to support debt-relief for Haiti and
is in a "very preliminary" stage of considering donating
another USD six to ten million specifically to help children
and women, pending the needs assessment that is due to begin
February 22, according to Kit Clausen, MFA Section Head for
Latin America and acting Head of the Americas Department.
Clausen told A/DCM February 16 that she hoped her Government
would be able to make an announcement at the donors
conference in New York. She made clear that Denmark's
preference would be for such funds to be managed through a UN
or World Bank fund. In general, she said, Denmark wants to
act within the EU and with full respect for the role of the
UN. She added that her country does not see itself as a
major player in regard to Haiti.

2. (C) Even more preliminarily, according to Clausen,
Denmark is looking at the possibility of donating in the
range of USD one to 1.5 million to MINUSTAH. She did not/not
see any possibility of Denmark contributing personnel to
MINUSTAH or any logistical support to third-country
contributors to MINUSTAH.
Minimize considered.
FULTON
8
2471802/4/201010COPENHAGEN64CONFIDENTIALEmbassy Copenhagen10STATE9124VZCZCXYZ0001
PP RUEHWEB

DE RUEHCP #0064 0351105
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P 041105Z FEB 10
FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 5472
INFO RUEHBR/AMEMBASSY BRASILIA PRIORITY 0088
RUEHMD/AMEMBASSY MADRID PRIORITY 2312
RUEATRS/DEPT OF TREASURY WASHDC PRIORITY
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK PRIORITY 1599
RUEHBS/USEU BRUSSELS PRIORITY
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000064

SIPDIS

STATE FOR NEA/FO:ECATALANO AND ISN/RA:RNEPHEW

E.O. 12958: DECL: 02/02/2020
TAGS: PARM, PREL, UNSC, IR, DA
SUBJECT: (C) IRAN NUCLEAR PROGRAM: DENMARK "FULLY
SUPPORTS" SANCTIONS, BUT WORRIES ABOUT EFFECTIVENESS

REF: STATE 9124

Classified By: Ambassador Laurie S. Fulton; reason 1.4 (b, d)

1. (C) In response to reftel demarche, MFA Mideast
Department Head Michael Lund Jeppesen told Acting DCM
February 2 that Denmark "fully supports" sanctions against
Iran, and they should be UNSC sanctions. He recalled that
Foreign Minister Per Stig Moeller has been clear for a long
time that the Iranian regime has not been honest in its
dealings with the international community. At the same time,
Jeppesen made clear Denmark is trying to sharpen its own and
the EU's thinking on how to make sanctions effective. He
cited two concerns: sanctions typically take a very long
time to work (if ever) whereas we do not have the luxury of
time; and they tend to hurt the people more than the regime.

2. (C) Jeppesen's Iran Section Head Stig Paolo Piras noted
that the EU Foreign Affairs Council decided on January 25 to
start discussion of what actions the EU could take, but to
not get ahead of the UNSC for fear of undercutting the UNSC
process. Piras opined that financial sanctions would be most
effective, and noted that visiting Treasury DAS Glaser had
made that same point during his visit last week.

3. (C) The Danish officials stressed the importance of
having the best possible outreach to the Iranian people in
order to make clear that sanctions are not intended to hurt
them. They cited VOA and BBC Farsi services as having wide
audiences in Iran. Jeppesen admitted to being uncertain
where the Green Movement and the Iranian public stand on
nuclear policy.

4. (C) Jeppesen noted with concern Ahmedinajad's recent
trip to South America, including Brazil. He said the
dynamics at the UN climate-change summmit in Copenhagen
(COP-15) in December showed that new alliances are forming
that warrant careful analysis.
FULTON
9
2461641/29/201010COPENHAGEN53CONFIDENTIALEmbassy Copenhagen10STATE6355VZCZCXRO1160
PP RUEHAG RUEHROV RUEHSL RUEHSR
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RUEHIL/AMEMBASSY ISLAMABAD PRIORITY 0828
RUEHBUL/AMEMBASSY KABUL PRIORITY 0103
RUEHNE/AMEMBASSY NEW DELHI PRIORITY 0138
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000053

SIPDIS

STATE FOR S/SRAP:JBLANC, SCA/A:TGRAMAGLIA AND CCOBERLY

E.O. 12958: DECL: 01/25/2020
TAGS: PREL, PGOV, ECON, EFIN, AF, DA
SUBJECT: AFGHANISTAN LONDON CONFERENCE

REF: STATE 6355

Classified By: Ambassador Laurie S. Fulton; reason 1.4 (b, d)

1. (C) SUMMARY: Denmark intends to speak constructively at
the London conference on Afghanistan, is supportive of the
Afghan reintegration program and will consider seeking
funding to support the new Trust Fund, and is preparing an
analytical paper on how to proceed in a regional context to
promote positive developments and combat negative ones in
Afghanistan-Pakistan. The Danes would have liked to be
better informed about plans to split Regional Command South
into two. END SUMMARY.

2. (C) Denmark does plan an announcement at the London
conference on Afghanistan, expressing support for the hosts
and trying to push the agenda forward, according to MFA
Stabilization Department Head Rolf Holmboe. He said the
Danes will stress that the international community needs the
Government of Afghanistan to present its plan, and that any
mention of dates needs to be coordinated and based on
conditions on the ground.

3. (C) Holmboe noted diplomatically that his Government
would have liked to be better informed about plans to split
Regional Command South into two (Southwest and Southeast).
It was not involved in the decision, but heard about it
through the rumor mill. Holmboe acknowledged that this is a
command decision and therefore the commander's prerogative,
but "every command decision in Afghanistan has political
implications."

4. (C) On reintegration, Denmark supports the process
fully. Holmboe doubted there would be much progress until
the Afghan people decided that ours was the winning side, but
he considered it "important to be ready." Denmark is
"looking positively" at contributing to the new Trust Fund,
and to that end is seeking more information about it. (NOTE:
British DCM Libby Townshend told A/DCM January 22 that the
Danish MFA had told her Denmark would not contribute
initially, as its budget is already allocated. Holmboe, on
the other hand, expressed confidence January 25 that money
could be found in the fairly near future. END NOTE.)

5. (C) On governance, Holmboe said a phased process is
needed that includes the civilian side, and operational
planning for developing civilian capabilities needs to start
now: if the Afghan security forces develop faster than the
civilian authorities, we risk "a new warlordism." The
Helmand PRT on which the Danes serve is working to help the
GoA roll out its development plan this year; that will be
"hard to do."

6. (C) Holmboe mentioned a recent regional meeting of
Danish ambassadors in New Delhi that served to launch an
internal analysis of how to proceed in a regional context to
promote positive opportunities and combat negative
developments in Afghanistan-Pakistan, e.g. through
strengthening Turkey's role and encouraging China to invest.
Denmark intends to work within the EU and NATO once its
concept is firmed up. A first draft of the Danish paper is
expected "in April or May"; the Asia Department of MFA has
the pen.
FULTON
10
2459831/28/201010COPENHAGEN49CONFIDENTIALEmbassy Copenhagen09COPENHAGEN446VZCZCXYZ0000
PP RUEHWEB

DE RUEHCP #0049/01 0281323
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
P 281323Z JAN 10
FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 5454
INFO RUEHAK/AMEMBASSY ANKARA PRIORITY 0238
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000049

SIPDIS

STATE FOR EUR/SE, S/CT, EUR/NB

E.O. 12958: DECL: 01/26/2020
TAGS: PREL, PTER, PINR, TU, DA
SUBJECT: (C) NEW TURKISH AMBASSADOR ASKS FOR CONTINUED USG
SUPPORT ON ROJ-TV

REF: 09 COPENHAGEN 446

Classified By: Ambassador Laurie S. Fulton; reason 1.4 (b, d)

1. (C) SUMMARY: Turkey's new Ambassador to Denmark Ahmet
Dibek requested continued USG assistance in getting Denmark
to engage on Turkish concerns about Roj-TV. He also spoke of
Turkish - Danish cooperation to facilitate integration of
Turkish immigrants to Denmark, and how these issues relate to
the democratization process in Turkey. Brief biographical
information on the Ambasssador is provided. END SUMMARY.

2. (C) Turkey's new Ambassador to Denmark, Ahmet Berki
Dibek, paid an office call on Ambassador Fulton January 26.
Stressing Turkey's friendship with the US throughout the
meeting, he thanked the USG for its assistance in urging
Denmark to work with Turkey regarding its claims that Roj-TV,
which transmits from Denmark, is connected to the terrorist
PKK and incites terrorism in Turkey (reftel). Ambassador
Fulton replied that she was familiar with the issue and had
discussed it with US and Danish officials, including the
Prime Minister's Office last week. She said that as an
attorney, she understands Denmark's position that it needs
evidence to be able to evaluate whether Danish law has been
violated, and that there is sufficient evidence to succeed in
a Danish court, before proceeding to bring charges. She said
the position of the USG is to encourage the Danish
prosecuting attorneys to meet at the appropriate level with
people in Turkey to gather and receive evidence, and to
remind Denmark that this is an important issue to all three
countries, but without trying to direct Danish action.
Ambassador Dibek was appreciative of the US interest and
asked for continued assistance. He said Turked has provided
all the evidence, including DVDs of the broadcasts, and that
there is no more evidence to provide. He reported that Mr.
Sezgin, General Director for Security within the Turkish MFA,
and his deputy Mr. Aydin, were in town to meet with Danish
authorities; they had met the previous day with MFA Permanent
Secretary Claus Grube, and were meeting January 26 with the
Danish Intelligence and Security Service PET. He hoped the
Danes would now accelerate their process. He reported that
Danish MFA had indicated PET needs to weigh in because the
Danish courts would not give due weight to US or EU
determinations that the PKK is a terrorist organization.
Ambassador Fulton asked him to update her at the conclusion
of the visit of Messrs. Sezgin and Aydin.

3. (C) Ambassador Dibek stated that the largest immigrant
population in Denmark is Turkish (some 60,000 strong). He
said his government works closely with the Danish authorities
to help the Turkish immigrants integrate and become good
Danes. On January 25, Ambassador Dibek had attended the
opening of a new Turkish Islamic center. He said there are
26 imams in Denmark who were trained in Turkey's secular
system, hand-picked and sponsored by the Turkish Government
to live here in order to serve the spiritual needs of the
Turkish immigrant community and assist with their
integration. Ambassador Dibek acknowledged that there are
some problems with gangs in the immigrant community. He said
it is a priority to help young Turkish immigrants stay out of
gangs, and noted that a well-respected former Turkish police
officer is working with Danish police to help them find ways
to help the Turkish community avoid gangs. Ambassador Fulton
expressed interest in meeting with some of the immigrants and
visiting some of their centers to learns how they are working
with youth in particular.

4. (C) Ambassador Dibek referenced the arrests of some 250
persons in Turkey the previous week for perceived ties to Al
Qaeda. He acknowledged that while dozens would likely be
indicted, others would likely be released. He commented that
democratization is difficult while simultaneously fighting
terrorism. He affirmed the desire for close cooperation on
counterterrorism issues and said that Turkey had exchanged
information with the Danes the previous day and had invited
PET to Turkey.

5. (C) Ambassador Dibek said there are "three legs" that
are needed for successful democratization: (1) the terrorist
attacks have to be stopped; (2) there must be improved
individual rights for all persons; (3) the money needs to be
cut off that funds terrorist groups. He noted that
international terrorist groups have interconnections and
raise money abroad for attacks in home countries like Turkey.
He opined that European countries do not seem to understand
this interconnectedness, nor how to stop money laundering and
other terrorist funding schemes. He assessed that the PKK
fund-raising is not as strong as it used to be in Denmark:
where the PKK used to extort money from about 600 persons,
that number may now be down to 20 - 30. He referred to the

1,400 small businesses owned in Denmark by Turkish immigrants
as the targest for PKK extortion, but noted that the Danish
authorities have been helpful in bringing this under control.


6. (C) He added that cooperation between Turkey and Iraq on
PKK issues has improved since Masood Barzani has been
President of Iraqi Kurdistan. He also noted that Turkey has
survived the economic crisis, and its economy is growing.
7. (U) BIO: Prior to his current assignment, Ambassador
Ahmet Berki Dibek (born in Denizli on May 8, 1951) served as
Director General for Bilateral Political Affairs and Maritime
and Aviation Affairs (since October 2007). Earlier
assignments of note include Ambassador to Ireland (2003-2007)
and postings to Washington (1987-91), Chicago (1982-85), and
Havana (1980-82). He is married and a graduate of Ankara
University in political science.
FULTON
11
2455691/26/201010COPENHAGEN43CONFIDENTIALEmbassy CopenhagenVZCZCXRO8202
PP RUEHAG RUEHROV RUEHSL RUEHSR
DE RUEHCP #0043 0261544
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
P 261544Z JAN 10
FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 5447
INFO RUCNMEM/EU MEMBER STATES PRIORITY
RUEHBW/AMEMBASSY BELGRADE PRIORITY 0004
RUEHKV/AMEMBASSY KYIV PRIORITY 0012
RUEHNR/AMEMBASSY NAIROBI PRIORITY 0001
RUEHYN/AMEMBASSY SANAA PRIORITY 0006
RUEHVJ/AMEMBASSY SARAJEVO PRIORITY 0042
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK PRIORITY 1597
RUEHBS/USEU BRUSSELS PRIORITY
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000043

SIPDIS

STATE FOR EUR/ERA, SCA/A, NEA/IR, NEA/ARP, EUR/SE, AF/E, P

E.O. 12958: DECL: 01/06/2020
TAGS: PREL, ETTC, IR, YM, BK, SO, UP, YI, DA
SUBJECT: JAN. 25 FAC DEMARCHE: DANISH RESPONSE

REF: EMAIL KONICK-BELL 1/16/2010

Classified By: Ambassador Laurie S. Fulton; reason 1.4 (b, d)

(C) In response to ref points, MFA European Correspondent
Lars Bo Larsen provided the following comments January 20:

- Yemen: The EU is still developing its policy, based on a
framework adopted in the autumn. Denmark supports having the
EU seek to find ways to help, in a regional context. Denmark
has doubled its support to Yemen, albeit from a low level.
It will not participate in the London conference, as it is
not a major donor to Yemen.

- Iran: U/S Burns's presentation in Madrid January 15 was
"quite helpful" in moving the EU towards consensus on
sanctions. Larsen expected the FAC to include a discussion
about internal measures the EU could take, and about the
timing of such measures: Denmark supports moving forward,
while some other EU members fear that getting ahead of the UN
process could send an unhelpful signal to China that the West
is giving up on the UN process. Denmark also believes it is
time to be clear to Iran.

- Bosnia: Denmark is not likely to say anything at the FAC.

- Somalia: Denmark agrees that AMISOM is key and that the
international community needs to support the transitional
government more, but is not sure another conference would be
the most effective way to proceed - "we don't want to compete
with the UN process."

- Ukraine is off the agenda, as the elections "went rather
well."

- Serbia: Larsen was "not sure Serbia is on the agenda."
FULTON
12
2452921/25/201010COPENHAGEN41CONFIDENTIALEmbassy Copenhagen10STATE5980VZCZCXYZ0009
PP RUEHWEB

DE RUEHCP #0041 0251502
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
P 251502Z JAN 10
FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 5445
INFO RUEHGB/AMEMBASSY BAGHDAD PRIORITY 0096
RUEHLO/AMEMBASSY LONDON PRIORITY 0742
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK PRIORITY 1596
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000041

SIPDIS

STATE FOR NEA-I/POL:WCAVNESS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 01/25/2020
TAGS: PREL, PGOV, KDEM, IZ, DA
SUBJECT: IRAQ: ATTEMPTS TO BAR CANDIDATES FROM
PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS

REF: STATE 5980

Classified By: Ambassador Laurie S. Fulton; reason 1.4 (b, d)

1. (U) ACTION REQUEST - please see paragraph 4.

2. (C) Denmark shares USG concern about attempts to bar
candidates from upcoming Iraqi parliamentary elections,
according to MFA Mideast Department Section Heads Stig Paolo
Piras and Kristian Rasmussen. In response to reftel
demarche, they told A/DCM January 25 that their diplomats in
Baghdad are coordinating closely with the U.S. and UNAMI.
Denmark agrees that transparency is needed; this issue could
jeopardize the election, whose success is important to us
all. Piras remarked that the more sources deliver a
consistent message, the more likely the Iraqis are to listen.
The EU's response, he added, would have been more forceful
if not for the uncertainty surrounding the issue: a Reuters
report January 21 claims more Shia than Sunni candidates are
on the list of 500 recommended for disqualification.

3. (C) Piras said Denmark is one of 16 countries that the
GOI has approached to help with out-of-country voting, and to
which it has presented a proposed MOU. (There are an
estimated 20-25,000 Iraqis in Denmark.) According to
Denmark's information, no country plans to sign the MOU (in
Denmark certain elements would violate the law, e.g.
regarding privacy). That said, the Danes do intend to
provide support as they did in the 2005 elections, e.g. a
police presence for security, and help with getting the word
out to eligible voters. Piras said it would be very helpful
to know the USG's approach to the Iraqi request.

4. (U) Action requested: any information the Department
can provide that we can share with MFA in response to the
query in paragraph 3.
FULTON
13
2438931/15/201010COPENHAGEN34CONFIDENTIALEmbassy Copenhagen10STATE4108VZCZCXRO9686
PP RUEHSL RUEHSR
DE RUEHCP #0034 0151623
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
P 151623Z JAN 10
FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 5433
INFO RUEHXP/ALL NATO POST COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
RUEHBUL/AMEMBASSY KABUL PRIORITY 0102
RUEKJCS/JOINT STAFF WASHDC PRIORITY
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHINGTON DC PRIORITY
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK PRIORITY 1595
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000034

SIPDIS

STATE FOR EUR/RPM:ACOPE, S/SRAP, SCA/A

E.O. 12958: DECL: 01/15/2020
TAGS: AF, MARR, MOPS, NATO, PREL, DA
SUBJECT: AFGHANISTAN: DENMARK FULLY AGREES ON TRANSITION
TO AFGHAN LEAD PROVINCIAL RESPONSIBILITY

REF: STATE 4108

Classified By: CDA Terence P. McCulley; reason 1.4 (b, d)

1. (C) In response to reftel, MFA Afghanistan Unit Head
(and acting Stabilization Department Head) Stephan
Schoenemann told A/DCM January 15 that Denmark fully agrees
with the USG perspective and approach. He added that Denmark
is currently working on its annual plan for engagement (both
military and civilian) in Afghanistan, focusing on Helmand
province where its troops are deployed without caveat; that
plan will be "fully in line with the international strategy."
MCCULLEY
14
2427051/7/201010COPENHAGEN10CONFIDENTIALEmbassy Copenhagen09STATE131637VZCZCXYZ0000
RR RUEHWEB

DE RUEHCP #0010 0070825
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
R 070825Z JAN 10
FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 5396
INFO RUEHMD/AMEMBASSY MADRID 2308
RUEHME/AMEMBASSY MEXICO 0030
RUEHUB/USINT HAVANA 0010
RUEHBS/USEU BRUSSELS
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000010

SIPDIS

STATE FOR WHA, EUR/ERA, EUR/NB

E.O. 12958: DECL: 01/06/2020
TAGS: PHUM, PREL, SOCI, CU, DA
SUBJECT: CUBA: DANISH OFFICIALS CAN'T GET VISAS DUE TO
HUMAN RIGHTS COMMITMENT

REF: 09 STATE 131637

Classified By: CDA Terence P. McCulley; reason 1.4 (b, d)

1. (U) ACTION REQUEST: Please see paragraph 5.

2. (C) SUMMARY: Denmark covers Cuba from Mexico City, and
has been unable to get visas for officials to visit Cuba due
to its insistence on engaging with civil society as well as
the GOC. It assesses that Spain has backed off some on
abolishing the EU Common Position on Cuba, due to negative
reactions from other EU members including Denmark. MFA would
like to know the Administration's assessment of prospects for
further loosening of Helms-Burton. END SUMMARY.

3. (C) Pol-EconCouns delivered reftel demarche January 6 to
MFA Americas Department Head Morten Lauridsen, new USA desk
officer Nikolaj Waedegaard and Latin America Section Head Kit
Clausen. Clausen is Denmark's representative in the EU-Cuba
Working Group. Lauridsen said it is "a strong Danish
tradition" to meet with civil society as well as the
government, and that insistence has made it "impossible" for
Danish officials to get visas to visit Cuba, which Denmark
covers from Mexico City. Clausen assessed that Spain has
backed off some from the position stated by its Foreign
Minister that the EU Common Position on Cuba should be
abolished. She attributed this change to reactions from
other EU member states including Denmark, that want to see
human-rights improvements before changing the Common
Position. She noted that the EU's 2008 decision to eliminate
its Special Measures on Cuba had not led to improvement in
Cuba's performance. Therefore, she predicted Spain and
like-minded countries would find it very difficult to
persuade their EU partners to change the Common Position.

4. (C) While welcoming the steps the Obama Administration
has taken to loosen restrictions on Cuba, Lauridsen asked
about the prospects for easing of Helms-Burton. He remarked
that USG restrictions on Cuba are often cited as an excuse by
Latin American leaders for not having warmer ties with
Washington. Lauridsen also sought the USG's view on the ALBA
Alliance and Cuba's role in it.

5. (C) ACTION REQUESTED: Post would appreciate any
response from the Department that we can share with the Danes
regarding Helms-Burton prospects and the ALBA Alliance (see
para. 4).
MCCULLEY
15
23793512/3/200909COPENHAGEN550CONFIDENTIALEmbassy Copenhagen09STATE121789VZCZCXYZ0001
PP RUEHWEB

DE RUEHCP #0550 3371622
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
P 031622Z DEC 09
FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 5355
INFO RUEHBS/USEU BRUSSELS
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 1592
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000550

SIPDIS

DEPT FOR EAP/MLS: LSCHEIBE, EUR/NB

E.O. 12958: DECL: 12/02/2019
TAGS: PREL, PGOV, BM, DA
SUBJECT: BURMA: DENMARK ENDORSES U.S. EFFORTS; WILL ADHERE
TO EU POSITION

REF: STATE 121789

Classified By: AMBASSADOR LAURIE FULTON FOR REASONS 1.4 B AND D

(C) On November 30, poloff delivered reftel demarche to
Section Head for Burma and Cambodia Mathilde Gry Nielsen,
Asia Department, MFA. Nielsen stated that MFA was aware of
A/S Campbell's visit to Burma in early November and strongly
supported U.S. efforts to encourage GOB to respond to Aung
San Suu Kyi's offer of dialogue. Nielsen added that Denmark
would follow the EU's lead on how best to support democratic
reform in Burma, but also commented that some delay in
position formulation may occur as the EU foreign policy
apparatus was still working through the recent changes
introduced by the Lisbon Treaty.
FULTON
16
23758212/2/200909COPENHAGEN544CONFIDENTIALEmbassy CopenhagenVZCZCXYZ0001
OO RUEHWEB

DE RUEHCP #0544 3361137
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
O 021137Z DEC 09
FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 5352
INFO RUEHRL/AMEMBASSY BERLIN IMMEDIATE 0558
RUEHBUL/AMEMBASSY KABUL IMMEDIATE 0095
RUEHRA/AMEMBASSY RIGA IMMEDIATE 0883
RUEHVJ/AMEMBASSY SARAJEVO IMMEDIATE 0041
RUEHVL/AMEMBASSY VILNIUS IMMEDIATE 1678
RUEHBS/USEU BRUSSELS IMMEDIATE
RUEHNO/USMISSION USNATO BRUSSELS BE IMMEDIATE 1138
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000544

SIPDIS

STATE FOR EUR/SCE, EUR/RPM, EUR/ERA, EUR/NB

E.O. 12958: DECL: 12/01/2019
TAGS: PREL, MARR, BK
SUBJECT: (C) BOSNIAN AMBASSADOR URGES USG TO SUPPORT MAP
NOW

Classified By: (U) Ambassador Laurie S. Fulton; reason 1.4 (b, d)

1. (C) At the request of Ambassador Muhamed Hajdarevic of
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Ambassador Fulton received him on
short notice December 1. Hajdarevic explained that Bosnian
Ambassadors were under instruction to approach their U.S.
counterparts in all NATO states to urge the USG to support
the MAP process (for his country to join NATO) now, and not
link support for MAP to the constitutional reforms that are
the subject of the Butmir process. He asserted that Bosnia
meets the technical criteria for MAP now, and argued that it
would be "very bad" to send a discouraging signal at a time
when there is broad consensus in his country (74 percent) in
favor of joining NATO. Constitutional reforms, he continued,
are hostage to the veto of "part of one ethnic group"; as a
result, "we are stuck." Hajdarevic indicated that Denmark
was not receptive to his argument but that Lithuania and
Latvia, which he covers from Copenhagen, were.

2. (C) Hajdarevic mentioned that his country would soon
increase its military contribution in Afghanistan from two
liaison officers working through Denmark to over 250 troops
working with the German contingent. He added that Bosnia has
over 100 troops in Iraq doing demining work. He stressed
that these contributions are not conditional on MAP, but
evidence of Bosnia's commitment to shared security goals.
FULTON
17
23683411/25/200909COPENHAGEN535CONFIDENTIALEmbassy Copenhagen09STATE120835VZCZCXYZ0022
PP RUEHWEB

DE RUEHCP #0535 3291805
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
P 251805Z NOV 09
FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 5342
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000535

SIPDIS

STATE FOR IO/HR:CNEVILLE, EUR/NB

E.O. 12958: DECL: 11/25/2019
TAGS: PHUM, PREL, KDEM, DA
SUBJECT: (C) UN HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL: DENMARK HAS TO WAIT
ITS TURN

REF: STATE 120835

Classified By: (U) Ambassador Laurie S. Fulton; reason 1.4 (b, d)

1. (C) In response to reftel, post assesses that Denmark
would be a suitable - if independent-minded - candidate for
the UN Human Rights Council. However, when the Ambassador
discreetly broached the subject with MFA number two Claus
Grube, he replied that his country will have to wait its
turn, as it recently lost (by one vote) to Norway for
selection as Nordic candidate.

2. (C) Grube noted that Denmark monitors the work of the UN
HRC very closely through the EU and Norway, and made its
influence felt recently on two resolutions of importance to
the USG: freedom of expression and the Goldstone Report. He
acknowledged that our two countries had not seen eye-to-eye
on either of those resolutions, but argued that this means
Denmark is a stable partner with whom we can be sure of where
we stand.
FULTON
18
23681711/25/200909COPENHAGEN534CONFIDENTIALEmbassy Copenhagen09STATE120807VZCZCXYZ0000
OO RUEHWEB

DE RUEHCP #0534 3291645
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
O 251645Z NOV 09
FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 5341
INFO RUEHIL/AMEMBASSY ISLAMABAD IMMEDIATE 0813
RUEHBUL/AMEMBASSY KABUL IMMEDIATE 0094
RUEHNO/USMISSION USNATO BRUSSELS BE IMMEDIATE 1137
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000534

SIPDIS

STATE FOR S, EUR/RPM,EUR/NB, SCA

E.O. 12958: DECL: 11/25/2019
TAGS: NATO, PREL, MOPS, MARR, AF, PK, DA
SUBJECT: (C) AFGHANISTAN: DENMARK WILL SUPPORT POTUS'
DECISION

REF: STATE 120807

Classified By: (U) Ambassador Laurie S. Fulton; reason 1.4 (b, d)

1. (C) SUMMARY: In response to reftel demarche, MFA number
two Claus Grube and national security advisor Thomas
Ahrenkiel separately told the Ambassador that Denmark will
strongly support President Obama's decision on strategy for
Afghanistan. They stressed that the USG must be seen to
discuss the strategy with partners. They made clear that
Denmark does not envisage increasing its combat troops, but
has decided to increase aid to Pakistan and is considering
increasing its contribution to EUPOL. They stressed the
importance of including Denmark in the Delivery Group being
formed in Kabul to monitor the Afghan Government's
performance, and of ensuring that the Danish contingent in
Helmand be assigned one of the additional Afghan battalions
to train and partner with. END SUMMARY.

2. (C) Ambassador made reftel demarche on national security
advisor Thomas Ahrenkiel and, separately, MFA number two
Claus Grube November 25. Grube was accompanied by State
Secretary Michael Zilmer-Johns. In both discussions, the
Danes welcomed the USG's consultation, were eager for
President Obama to announce the result of the strategy review
on Afghanistan, and gave assurance that their Government
would strongly support the President's decision. They
stressed the importance of the USG being seen to consult
allies both before and after the President's announcement.

3. (C) They made clear that the current level of 750 -
operating without caveat - is "the ceiling," the most combat
troops Denmark can contribute. Zilmer-Johns said the Danish
parliament demands some shift in early 2010 from combat to
training, and this requires that one of the additional Afghan
battalions to be deployed in Helmand be assigned to the Danes
for training and partnering in the field. Grube said Denmark
is considering bolstering its contribution to EUPOL by six
police officers and a couple of trainers. He made a strong
pitch for Denmark to be included in the Delivery Group being
formed in Kabul to monitor the Karzai Government's
performance, and promised that his Government would continue
to reinforce to Karzai the need to deliver on combating
corruption and providing services to the people. With regard
to civilian assistance, Grube noted the perfect fit between
USG and Danish priority areas: agriculture, education and
health.

4. (C) On Pakistan, Grube added that Denmark has decided to
increase its aid to 100 million Danish Kroner (DKK;
approximately 5DKK to the Dollar), through multilateral
organizations such as UNICEF. This, he said, was a clear
political signal, and the fact that it had been announced
before the USG came asking was a mark of Denmark's serious
commitment.
FULTON
19
23594711/20/200909COPENHAGEN523CONFIDENTIAL//NOFORNEmbassy Copenhagen09COPENHAGEN435VZCZCXYZ0000
RR RUEHWEB

DE RUEHCP #0523/01 3241706
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
R 201706Z NOV 09
FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 5331
INFO RUEHBUL/AMEMBASSY KABUL 0091
RUEHNO/USMISSION USNATO BRUSSELS BE 1133
RUEHBS/USEU BRUSSELS
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000523

NOFORN
SIPDIS

STATE FOR EUR/NB

E.O. 12958: DECL: 11/12/2019
TAGS: PREL, PGOV, ECON, MARR, DA
SUBJECT: DENMARK POLITICAL ROUND-UP

REF: COPENHAGEN 435 (NOTAL)

Classified By: Ambassador Laurie S. Fulton; reason 1.4 (b, d)

1. (C/NF) This is the first in a periodic series of cables
summarizing notable political developments in Denmark. In
this issue: Denmark's EU opt-outs; Afghanistan debate;
Defense Minister weakened; budget negotiations; gang war; EU
Commissioner speculation; upcoming local elections.

(U) EU OPT-OUTS
---------------

2. (SBU) The governing coalition's platform includes a
pledge to hold a referendum this parliamentary term on ending
Denmark's EU opt-outs (defense, currency, justice/home
affairs - a fourth, citizenship, has been overtaken by
events). Prime Minister Lars Loekke Rasmussen indicated
publicly October 30 that his preferred strategy was to have a
single referendum on all of the opt-outs; he admitted he had
no imminent plans for such a vote. As he noted, Denmark does
not currently qualify to join the euro, as its deficit for
2010 is projected at 5 percent of GDP, well above the 3
percent limit. Rasmussen called a meeting for November 25
with all the pro-EU political parties represented in the
parliament, to hear their views. The anti-EU parties in
parliament are the right-wing Danish People's Party (DPP) and
the far-left Unity List. The governing coalition relies on
the DPP to remain in power: without it, the Government would
be 25 votes short of a majority in the 179-seat parliament.

3. (C) The PM's Chief Adviser for EU policy Jens Kisling
told the Embassy November 4 there will be no referendum
without firm consensus among the pro-EU parties, and it is
not clear where the parties stand: the main opposition party
SDP wants a single referendum, but its ally the Socialist
People's Party (SPP) still opposes joining the euro. Opinion
polls are not encouraging, and in general, it is politically
foolish to call a referendum before a national election.
This point is especially relevant now, as the PM has no
mandate of his own from the people: he succeeded Anders Fogh
Rasmussen without an election last April when the latter
became NATO Secretary General. He does not need to call a
national election until November 2011. According to press
reports, the SPP and the smaller opposition party the Social
Liberals want to amend the justice/home affairs opt-out
rather than abolishing it. This would enable Denmark to keep
its own position on asylum and its minimum age of 24 (higher
than the EU minimum) to sponsor a spouse for residency, while
"opting in" on EU police and counter-terrorism cooperation.
Ireland and the UK have similar arrangements, according to
Lisbet Zilmer-Johns, Senior Adviser in the PM's Office.

(U) AFGHANISTAN DEBATE
----------------------

4. (SBU) On November 4, the conservative daily newspaper
Jyllands Posten carried front-page statements by
representatives of the unions of commissioned and
non-commissioned officers in Denmark's armed forces,
condemning Afghanistan's "election scandal" and "President
without legitimacy," and calling the mission "meaningless."
Spokesmen for the governing parties and the opposition Social
Liberals defended the mission, while main opposition party
SDP called for refocusing the mission on protecting the
population and training Afghan security forces. Foreign
Minister Per Stig Moeller rebuked the union representatives:
"This is outright dangerous for our soldiers, because the
more we talk about wanting to get out, the more difficult it
becomes to be a moderate or progress-minded Afghan. They
will think, who's to protect us when these guys are quitting
anyway?" PM Rasmussen emphasized the need to focus on goals,
not deadlines, vowing "We will stay in Afghanistan until we
have created a much more stable country. If we start
questioning this, we are in reality supporting the people who
would rather see us leave." The centrist daily newspaper
Politiken, until now very supportive of the Afghanistan
mission, editorialized "we can no longer support a war which
no longer has prospects for success and which creates more
problems than it solves," demanding "a clear strategy for
getting out." On the other hand, an op-ed in Jyllands Posten
noted that "the soldiers who are the closest to the reality
are those who believe most of all that it all makes sense.
They have seen it on patrols in Helmand. And they are ready
to go out again." Several commentators noted the need to
await the outcome of the U.S. strategy review.

(C/NF) DEFENSE MINISTER WEAKENED
---------------------------------

5. (C/NF) Defense Minister Soeren Gade, until now the most
effective advocate of Denmark's Afghan deployment, has been
weakened by the bizarre case of a book on Danish commando
practices that was translated into Arabic and posted on the
internet by members of Denmark's defense establishment
(reftel). While there is no indication that Gade or any
other politician knew anything about that deceptive attempt
to show the book posed a security threat, Gade at least
inadvertently misled parliament. The Chief of Defense,
Admiral Tim Sloth Joergensen - who appears not to have known
about the deception either - resigned October 4 after the
involvement of Defense Command personnel in the affair came
to light. His successor was just announced November 10: Lt.
Gen. Knud Bartels, Denmark's Military Representative to NATO.
Observers of the Danish political scene assess that Gade
would normally be much more pro-active in defending the
Afghan mission than he has been since the book scandal broke.

(U) BUDGET NEGOTIATIONS
-----------------------

6. (SBU) At 1:30 a.m. November 12, the government and its
support party DPP finalized negotiations on the 2010 budget.
It will include a DKK 5 billion (approx. USD 1 billion)
stimulus package to improve infrastructure; the DPP had
wanted DKK 8 billion. The budget also provides, among other
things, added funds for care of the elderly, initiatives
against youth- and gang-related crime, and support to the
police and intelligence services in connection with COP 15.
The Government projects a deficit of DKK 90 billion (approx.
USD 18 billion). At the DPP's behest, a special repatriation
allowance for immigrants giving up their permanent residency
will be nearly quadrupled to DKK 100,000 from DKK 27,406, and
the minimum age for that allowance lowered from 60 to 55.
The negotiations between the Government and the DPP followed
a brief spat in which the opposition walked out of talks
aimed at generating consensus on the Globalization Fund; the
SDP and SPP objected to the Government's desire to withhold
allowances from 15-17 year-olds not in school, training or
work. The contretemps was resolved when the PM made clear
this policy would not be handled through the Globalization
Fund.

7. (C/NF) The final stages of the negotiations highlighted
emerging tensions between the governing coalition and the
DPP, their traditional partner on the budget. Budget
negotiations for the past several years have proceeded
smoothly, with little disagreement over the final product.
This year, the DPP has been more assertive in its role as the
indispensable support party (without its 25 seats, the
governing coalition would be 25 votes short of a majority in
parliament), by raising last-minute, populist demands,
centering on the placement of a regional hospital. The
absence of the PM during much of the budget negotiations (he
has been traveling to generate support for COP-15
negotiations, and has spent much of his time in-country
campaigning for his party's candidates in the November 17
local and regional elections) led to a lack of discipline in
the final stages of negotiation. Although the budget
agreement was announced, there are continued signs of
friction between the DPP and the governing coalition, perhaps
because the DPP is testing the PM and Finance Minister Claus
Hjort Frederiksen during their first budget negotiations in
their current positions.

(U) GANG WAR
-------------

8. (SBU) By Danish standards, there has been a worrying
upsurge in violence between outlaw motorcycle gangs and
immigrant gangs, largely over drug turf: 110 shootings, 59
wounded and seven killed in the past year. During her
November 3 visit, DHS Secretary Janet Napolitano offered
assistance, noting that the U.S. has a great deal of
experience in this area; Justice Minister Brian Mikkelsen
responded with interest.

(U) EU COMMISSIONER SPECULATION
-------------------------------

9. (SBU) Climate and Energy Minister Connie Hedegaard is
the public-opinion favorite to be Denmark's new EU
Commissioner when the new Commission takes office in January.
The assumption is that she would then get the climate
portfolio. FM Moeller, like her a member of the junior
coalition party Conservatives, is on record as saying she
would make a fine Commissioner. PM Lars Loekke Rasmussen has
delayed making a decision on whom to nominate for Brussels;
normally it would be someone from his own party Venstre, the
senior member of the ruling coalition. Venstre politicians
have floated the name of Education Minister Bertel Haarder, a
former Minister for European Affairs and a member of the
European Parliament from 1994 to 2001. Development Minister
Ulla Toernaes also has some support.

(U) LOCAL ELECTIONS
--------------------

10. (SBU) Danes went to the polls Tuesday, November 17 to
elect municipal and regional councils (septel). If recent
history is any guide, the outcome does not/not provide any
clear indication of the various parties' prospects in the
next general (national) election, which is not required until
November 2011 but could be called earlier by the PM. Foreign
permanent residents can vote in local - but not national -
elections.
FULTON
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INFO RUEHRL/AMEMBASSY BERLIN IMMEDIATE 0555
RUEHLO/AMEMBASSY LONDON IMMEDIATE 0740
RUEHSM/AMEMBASSY STOCKHOLM IMMEDIATE 9052
RUEHTV/AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV IMMEDIATE 1315
RUEHJM/AMCONSUL JERUSALEM IMMEDIATE 0281
RUEHBS/USEU BRUSSELS IMMEDIATE
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK IMMEDIATE 1590
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000516

SIPDIS

STATE FOR IO/UNP:AMORRISON, NEA, EUR/ERA, EUR/NB

E.O. 12958: DECL: 11/18/2019
TAGS: PREL, UNGA, KPAL, IS, DA
SUBJECT: (C) DENMARK ON UNGA ANTI-ISRAEL RESOLUTIONS:
SEEKING EU UNITY

REF: STATE 118799

Classified By: (U) Charge Terence P. McCulley; reason 1.4 (b, d)

1. (C) In response to reftel, MFA Head of Section for
Mideast Peace Process Lars Peter Levy and Head of Section for
Levant Henrik Kiil told PolEconCouns November 18 that
coordination within the EU was already far advanced, and
Denmark's highest priority was to have a united EU position.
They agreed there is an obvious bias against Israel in the
UNGA, but argued that a unified EU position would by
definition be a balanced position, given the range of views
among the 27 EU member states. With regard to annual
resolutions that Denmark has supported in the past, its
intent is to "continue business as usual" unless the texts
change significantly or are rendered outdated by events. In
New York, the Danish mission works closely with the UK and
Germany to make resolutions more generic and more balanced in
their language and in the demands they place on all parties.

MCCULLEY
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INFO RUEHIL/AMEMBASSY ISLAMABAD PRIORITY 0811
RUEHBUL/AMEMBASSY KABUL PRIORITY 0089
RUEHKV/AMEMBASSY KYIV PRIORITY 0010
RUEHLO/AMEMBASSY LONDON PRIORITY 0737
RUEHMO/AMEMBASSY MOSCOW PRIORITY 1536
RUEHSM/AMEMBASSY STOCKHOLM PRIORITY 9050
RUEHSI/AMEMBASSY TBILISI PRIORITY 0156
RUEHTC/AMEMBASSY THE HAGUE PRIORITY 5984
RUEHNO/USMISSION USNATO BRUSSELS BE PRIORITY 1129
RUEHBS/USEU BRUSSELS PRIORITY
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000494

SIPDIS

STATE FOR EUR/RUS, EUR/NB, EUR/CARC, EUR/ERA, EUR/RPM
STATE FOR EUR/UMB, EUR/WE, OES

E.O. 12958: DECL: 11/04/2019
TAGS: PREL, ECON, SENV, RU, DA
SUBJECT: (C) DENMARK RESETS RELATIONSHIP WITH RUSSIA

Classified By: (U) Ambassador Laurie S. Fulton; reason 1.4 (b, d)

1. (C) SUMMARY: Prime Minister Rasmussen's November 2 visit
to Moscow at the invitation of Prime Minister Putin
demonstrated that Denmark and Russia have reset their
relationship. This was the first such meeting since 2002,
when relations soured after Denmark allowed Chechens to hold
a conference here. Putin appreciated Denmark's recent
approval for the Nord Stream gas pipeline to pass through its
territorial waters. Very focused on economic development,
Putin was eager for cooperation with Danish firms in many
areas, notably energy, including wind and energy efficiency.
On Arctic cooperation, the Russian side made clear it wants
the five littoral nations to lead. On climate change, the
Danes came away expecting Russia not to make trouble at
COP-15, but not to be as active or ambitious as they would
like. Putin hoped ISAF would succeed in Afghanistan. He was
most vehement when discussing Ukraine, which he insisted has
the ability to pay for the gas it imports from Russia, but is
not doing so. President Medvedev is due to make a state
visit here in April. END SUMMARY.

2. (C) Lisbet Zilmer-Johns, Senior Advisor in the Prime
Minister's Office, gave Pol-EconCouns a readout November 4 of
Prime Minister Lars Loekke Rasmussen's November 2 visit to
Moscow at the invitation of his Russian counterpart Vladimir
Putin. She said it was a good visit that demonstrated Russia
and Denmark have reset their relationship, which had soured
in 2002 when Denmark allowed Chechens - "not terrorists" - to
hold a conference here. Then-President Putin had cancelled a
state visit here in retaliation, and there had been no
substantive bilateral meeting at leader level since then. A
September 16 telephone conversation broke the ice, with
Rasmussen indicating that a decision was imminent on the
proposal to run the proposed Russian-German Nord Stream gas
pipeline through Danish territorial waters. That decision,
which Zilmer-Johns insisted was "administrative, not
political," was duly made in the affirmative and announced by
the Danish Energy Agency on October 20. On October 1, the
Danish firm DONG Energy had reached a deal with Gazprom to
buy an additional one billion cubic meters of Russian gas per
year for 18 years and transport it through that pipeline.
This, Zilmer-Johns noted, will allow DONG to export gas from
the North Sea to the UK, Sweden and the Netherlands. The
discussion of gas triggered Putin's greatest vehemence,
regarding Ukraine, which he accused of not paying its gas
bills even though it had the ability to pay.

3. (C) Economic development was clearely Putin's focus. He
was very keen for cooperation with Danish firms in many
areas, notably energy (including wind and energy efficiency).
He seemed interested to hear details of Russian bureaucratic
obstacles to investment.

4. (C) On Afghanistan, Putin expressed support for ISAF and
international engagement, hoping the coalition would be
successful. He was sorry about the coalition's losses.
This, Zilmer-Johns said, was a welcome change in attitude:
previously, the Danes had sensed a certain Russian pleasure
in U.S. and allied casualties. This was no longer the case;
Moscow perceives that Chechen separatists receive Taliban
support from safehavens in Pakistan.

5. (C) Arctic cooperation was discussed. The Russian side
made clear its position that the five Arctic littoral
countries should lead. The Russians were pleased with the
Ilulissat agreement of June 2008, that overlapping claims be
resolved on the basis of international law of the seas and
international agreements.

6. (C) On climate change, Rasmussen did get Putin's promise
to be personally engaged, but the Russian was short on
specifics and did not promise to attend COP-15 personally.
The Danes came away with the sense that Russia "needs to
raise its ambitions" but probably will not, as it is way
ahead of its Kyoto target: emissions are down 30 percent
from 1990 due to economic collapse. At least the tone has
changed, Zilmer-Johns observed: a few months ago (when
Climate Minister Hedegaard visited Moscow) the Russians were
openly skeptical that climate change was an issue, but now
they seem to be convinced it is real. The Danes expect
Russia probably will not cause trouble at COP-15, as Russian
Ambassador to Denmark Teymuraz Ramishvili assured the local
media.

7. (C) President Medvedev is due to make a state visit to
Denmark in April 2010. Apart from its symbolic significance,
the visit will focus on commercial and cultural ties.
Zilmer-Johns explained that the two countries share a long
history of relations. The last czar's mother was a Danish
princess; she fled at the revolution and returned to Denmark
where her brother the king gave her a palace. Many members
of the Russian royal family moved here. A couple of years
ago, the czarina's body was returned to Russia and interred
with great pomp beside that of her husband in Saint
Petersburg.

8. (C) Zilmer-Johns credited the U.S. reset of ties with
Russia with facilitating Denmark's own reset. She commented
that NATO SecGen (and ex-PM of Denmark) Anders Fogh Rasmussen
had also helped by prioritizing the strengthening of
NATO-Russia relations.
FULTON
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RUEHJM/AMCONSUL JERUSALEM IMMEDIATE 0280
RUEHBS/USEU BRUSSELS IMMEDIATE
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK IMMEDIATE 1588
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000489

SIPDIS

STATE FOR IO/HR:KRUCHOWSKI, IO/UNP:MORRISON, NEA/IPA:GIAUQUE
USUN FOR ELLEN GERMAIN

E.O. 12958: DECL: 11/03/2019
TAGS: PREL, PGOV, KDEM, MARR, SENV
SUBJECT: (C) GOLDSTONE REPORT: DANES SEEKING EU CONSENSUS

REF: STATE 112828

Classified By: (U) Ambassador Laurie S. Fulton; reason 1.4 (b, d)

1. (C) Pol-EconCouns delivered reftel demarche November 3
to Michael Lund Jeppesen, Head of MFA's Mideast Department,
and Henrik Kiil, Head of Section in that department who is
the action officer on the Goldstone Report. After studying
the non-paper and consulting with Kiil, Jeppesen offered the
following informal response:

- MFA had received a description of the draft UNGA resolution
but had not yet seen the text itself. It reportedly did not
contain any "attacks" on Israel and was therefore an
improvement on the Human Rights Council resolution.

- Denmark was hoping for an EU consensus position. There
would be a meeting of EU missions in New York later in the
day.

- He saw no major disagreement with the U.S. position.
Denmark agreed the Goldstone Report should be handled within
the HRC in Geneva, not in New York. He distinguished between
"forwarding" the report to the UNSC or ICC and calling for
those bodies to take action (implying the former was
unobjectionable).

- Denmark had "high confidence" in Israel's ability to
investigate and take appropriate follow-up action, but the
investigations needed to be seen to be independent in order
to be credible - i.e. internal IDF investigations would not
suffice.

- On time limits, Denmark saw three months as unrealistic,
but investigations should not be allowed to drag on
indefinitely. The EU was expecting a call for the UN High
Commissioner for Human Rights to report on these
investigations in March.

- On a meeting of the parties to the Fourth Geneva
Convention, the MFA Legal Advisor's view was that such a
meeting in itself can do no harm.

- Denmark would not support sanctions against Israel.

2. (SBU) Jeppesen added that FM Per Stig Moeller would be
addressing parliament November 4 on the Goldstone Report, in
reply to a question.
FULTON
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PP RUEHWEB

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INFO RUEHEG/AMEMBASSY CAIRO PRIORITY 0041
RUEHIL/AMEMBASSY ISLAMABAD PRIORITY 0810
RUEHTV/AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV PRIORITY 1313
RUEHJM/AMCONSUL JERUSALEM PRIORITY 0279
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000488

SIPDIS

STATE FOR NEA, SCA/PB, EUR/NB

E.O. 12958: DECL: 10/29/2019
TAGS: PREL, KPAL, EG, IS
SUBJECT: (C) EGYPTIAN AMBASSADOR COMES CALLING

Classified By: (U) Ambassador Laurie S. Fulton; reason 1.4 (b, d)

1. (C) SUMMARY: Having recently hosted the Israeli
Ambassador in response to the latter's request for a meeting,
Ambassador Fulton invited Egyptian Ambassador Nabil Habashi
to lunch October 29. They discussed one-on-one the Middle
East and the Danish cartoon controversy. The Egyptian MFA
has instructed Ambassador Habashi to seek additional security
for himself and his embassy. END SUMMARY.

2. (C) MEPP: Ambassador Habashi (protect throughout)
stressed that only the USG can pressure Israel to make the
concessions needed to advance Middle East Peace. He said
there is concern in his capital that the Administration is
"losing steam" on the issue. He wondered about the role of
Special Envoys in U.S. foreign policy. He predicted that
progress on the MEPP will not be possible with Benjamin
Netanyahu as Israeli Prime Minister. (NOTE: Amb. Habashi
said that Egypt does not like to refer to the "Peace Process"
because "process" indicates there is no result contemplated
quickly and Israel uses it to continue to delay. END NOTE.)

3. (C) Discussing recent headlines in Danish newspapers
regarding arrests and indictment of two persons in Chicago,
Habashi discussed the recurring Danish cartoon controversy.
He explained that his predecessor at the time of the initial
crisis, a woman, was deeply involved in coordinating the
Muslim response in Copenhagen. Her successor, also a woman,
fell ill and it took a year and a half to replace her (with
him, a Copt). When the offending cartoons were republished
last year in Denmark, Egypt chose not to react. Since his
arrival three months ago, the cartoons have been republished
again. Cairo has affirmed his decision to ignore them
despite pressure from the Pakistani ambassador, who
approached MFA as chair of the OIC, said republication of
these cartoons must cease. When MFA sought to determine from
Amb. Habashi whether this was also Egypt's position, he made
clear that she did not speak for Egypt.

4. (C) As part of the discussion of newspapers articles
about the Chicago indictment, Habashi questioned the timing
of Denmark's press remarks and whether it was an indication
of increased threats during COP-15. (The Ambassador
indicated that based upon the news stories, the Danish press
seemed to have resulted from announcement of the indictments
in the U.S.) Habashi confided that his ministry recently
instructed him to request additional security for himself and
his embassy; he did not explain why.
FULTON
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INFO RUEHZG/NATO EU COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
RUEHBUL/AMEMBASSY KABUL PRIORITY 0088
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000483

SIPDIS

DEPT FOR SRAP HOLBROOKE, EUR/NB

E.O. 12958: DECL: 10/28/2019
TAGS: NATO, PREL, AF
SUBJECT: DENMARK: COORDINATED APPROACH TO ENGAGING AFGHAN
GOVERNMENT

REF: STATE 109882

Classified By: Ambassador Laurie Fulton; reason 1.4 (b,d).

1. (C) On October 27, poloff conveyed reftel talking points
to Stephan Schonemann, Acting Department Head, Department for
Stabilization, Afghanistan Unit, and Jesper Thomsen, Pakistan
Team Leader, Department of South Asia. Both Schonemann and
Thomsen said the Danish Government is in full agreement with
Washington on this issue and would instruct its embassy in
Kabul accordingly.

2. (C) Schonemann also said they have become concerned that
the Karzai government may use its provincial appointment
authority to select/reappoint individuals who may not be the
optimum candidates for the coming critical period in
Afghanistan. Schonemann added that they hope the current
governor of Helmand province, where the majority of Denmark's
750-person military contingent is operating, is kept on,
because they believe he is effective and committed to
progress.

3. (C) On a related matter, Schonemann conveyed Denmark's
satisfaction that its input had been requested/considered
early on in the current U.S. strategic review, but also asked
when a final decision might be rendered; poloff said he would
pass the question on to Washington.
FULTON
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RUEHBUL/AMEMBASSY KABUL PRIORITY 0086
RUEHLJ/AMEMBASSY LJUBLJANA PRIORITY 0239
RUEHPS/AMEMBASSY PRISTINA PRIORITY 0025
RUEHVJ/AMEMBASSY SARAJEVO PRIORITY 0039
RUEHSQ/AMEMBASSY SKOPJE PRIORITY 0097
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RUEHTV/AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV PRIORITY 1311
RUEHVB/AMEMBASSY ZAGREB PRIORITY 0295
RUEHBS/USEU BRUSSELS PRIORITY
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 02 COPENHAGEN 000470

NOFORN
SIPDIS

STATE FOR EUR/ERA, EUR/NB, NEA, SCA, AF

E.O. 12958: DECL: 10/20/2019
TAGS: PREL, MARR, EAID, KPAL, AF, PK, IR, IS, ZL, DA, GV,
UZ, SY
SUBJECT: GAERC DEMARCHE: DENMARK'S RESPONSE

REF: A. EMAIL FROM WILLIAM LUCAS 10/18/2009
B. EMAIL FROM ELIZABETH KONICK 10/17/2009

Classified By: (U) Ambassador Laurie S. Fulton; reason 1.4 (b, d)

1. (C) Lars Bo Larsen, MFA's European Correspondent,
welcomed the USG's demarche ahead of the October GAERC and
offered the following response October 20:

- Afghanistan/Pakistan: the EU wanted to agree on a
comprehensive strategy this month, but the Afghan elections
are not yet over and the outcome will inevitably affect the
strategy. The October GAERC intends to "signal a
strengthened effort." For its part, Denmark "would have
wanted more coordination with the USG"; agrees on the
importance of EUPOL; and is trying to find "more new money
for Pakistan." Larsen perceived a "decreasing impact" of the
Af/Pak envoys and the Friends of Democratic Pakistan.

- Western Balkans: this issue will not attract much interest
at the October GAERC, as we all await the parties' reaction
to the joint EU-US approach from the previous week.

- Mideast: "There is nothing happening" in the peace
process. The EU members were split in their response to the
Goldstone Report. Syria was to have signed an agreement with
the EU on the margins of the GAERC but is now seeking
postponement; Denmark is pushing the agreement and expects it
to be signed at the end of this year. Denmark understands
that FM Moallem wants to sign but faces reluctance from other
regime elements.

2. (C) Besides the items mentioned by the USG, Larsen cited
the following matters on the agenda:

- Sri Lanka: Denmark asked for a discussion, concerned about
the plight of over 250,000 IDPs living in what "look like
internment camps." An EU report this week will say Sri Lanka
does not meet the criteria for continuing to enjoy customs
preferences (GATT), but Larsen expected the Council would
wait until the November GAERC before taking a position that
would start a six-month period during which Sri Lanka would
have to improve or lose its preferences. Denmark welcomes
the recent USG visits to Sri Lanka and is keen on continued
transatlantic coordination. There are about 12-15,000 Sri
Lankan Tamil immigrants in Denmark; the LTTE has been less
heavy-handed here than in Norway and Sweden.

- Guinea: the authorities' behavior has been "unacceptable."
Larsen expected the GAERC to impose travel restrictions on
the leadership, and perhaps a weapons embargo.

- Uzbekistan: Larsen expected the GAERC to adopt without
discussion a position that will allow the post-Andijan
sanctions to expire and send a clear message that the EU
foresees a need for intensified dialogue on human rights.
The EU position will be reviewed in spring 2010.

3. (C/NF) Iran will be discussed at the Foreign Ministers'
dinner Monday evening (October 26), Larsen said. At
Denmark's suggestion, the September GAERC decided to
commission an analysis of possible sanctions and their likely
effectiveness in light of the fact that Iran is shifting its
trade away from Europe. That analysis is not proceeding as
fast as Denmark wants, and FM Per Stig Moeller will stress
the need to complete it and discuss it by December. Larsen
(protect) confided that Spain, Belgium, Greece and Sweden
(the EU Presidency) are reluctant. He said Swedish FM Bildt
in particular has theoretical concerns about the effectivenss
of sanctions in general, and the Council Secretariat worries
that sanctions are a "one-shot weapon" - what if you impose
them and they do not have the desired effect?
Minimize considered.

COPENHAGEN 00000470 002 OF 002



FULTON
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FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO RUEHTV/AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV IMMEDIATE 1310
RUEHJM/AMCONSUL JERUSALEM IMMEDIATE 0278
RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 5244
INFO RUEHGV/USMISSION GENEVA IMMEDIATE 0684
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK IMMEDIATE 1583
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000456

SIPDIS

STATE FOR IO/RHS:KRAZZOUK AND CENAV, IO/UNP:AMORRISON
STATE FOR NEA/IPA:JGIAUQUE
USUN NEW YORK FOR ASCHEDLBAUER AND EGERMAIN
USMISSION GENEVA FOR MCASSAYRE

E.O. 12958: DECL: 10/14/2019
TAGS: PREL, PHUM, PTER, IS, KPAL
SUBJECT: GOLDSTONE REPORT: DEMARCHE DELIVERED

REF: STATE 106423

Classified By: (U) Ambassador Laurie S. Fulton; reason 1.4 (b, d)

1. (C) Pol-EconCouns delivered reftel demarche the morning
of October 14 to Lars Peter Levy and Henrik Kiil of the MFA's
Mideast Department; both cover the Mideast Peace Process with
rank of Head of Section. Levy replied that Denmark had
planned not/not to speak at the UNSC session October 14 but
to leave the matter in the hands of the Swedish EU
Presidency; in light of the U.S. demarche, Denmark would
reconsider. Regarding the HRC session October 15-16, Levy
said Denmark would coordinate with its EU partners. He said
both the Israelis and the Palestinians should look into the
allegations of violations of international law, but was
"perfectly aware" that Hamas would not do so. As a practical
matter, Denmark expected more from Israel, "a democratic
rule-of-law society," without in any way excusing Hamas from
its obligations. Levy welcomed the USG's openness to
dialogue and agreed on the importance of close coordination
to ensure that the handling of the Goldstone Report does not
impede the Peace Process.

2. (C) Having recently visited the Palestinian territories,
Levy said he had been struck by how much political pressure
the Goldstone Report was putting on the Abbas/Fayyad
government. He therefore understood the need for the
Palestinians to have an early discussion of it. Kiil called
it "a bit awkward" that the HRC was taking up the Goldstone
Report now rather than next March as planned. The EU, with
the Swedish Presidency in the lead, would need to find out
whether it was possible to negotiate the text of the
resolution that he expected the Palestinians to put forward
in Geneva. Kiil took note that the USG did not intend to
negotiate the text but would vote against any unacceptable
resolution.
FULTON
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INFO RUCNMEM/EU MEMBER STATES PRIORITY
RUEHAK/AMEMBASSY ANKARA PRIORITY 0235
RUEHKV/AMEMBASSY KYIV PRIORITY 0006
RUEHMO/AMEMBASSY MOSCOW PRIORITY 1524
RUEHSI/AMEMBASSY TBILISI PRIORITY 0153
RUEHBS/USEU BRUSSELS PRIORITY
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK PRIORITY 1580
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 03 COPENHAGEN 000454

SIPDIS

STATE FOR EUR/CAC, EUR/RPM, EUR/NB, EUR/RUS, EUR/UMB

E.O. 12958: DECL: 10/13/2019
TAGS: PREL, GG, RU, UP, TU, DA
SUBJECT: GEORGIA/ABKHAZIA: MFA EXPLAINS FM MOELLER'S VISIT

REF: A. COPENHAGEN 445 (NOTAL)
B. TBILISI 1881

Classified By: (U) Ambassador Laurie S. Fulton; reason 1.4 (b, d)

1. (C) This message contains an action request regarding
Georgia/Abkhazia and NATO membership for Georgia and Ukraine;
please see paragraph 7.

2. (C) SUMMARY: FM Moeller's October 6 visit to Abkhazia
was coordinated with and supported by the Georgian
Government. It came at his own initiative and was intended
to "demonstrate strong political commitment to keep the
Abkhaz issue high on the EU agenda as well as help prepare
the ground for confidence-building measures," not/not to
undercut EU unity on non-recognition of Abkhazia. Moeller
got a "surprisingly cool reception" in Sukhumi; the de facto
authorities were annoyed that the Danish Government had had
no direct contact with them in arranging the visit, and may
have been posturing ahead of elections. MFA shared the text
of a COP COREU report that is included at paragraph 6. END
SUMMARY.

3. (C) William Boe, Deputy Head of MFA's Department of
European Neighborhood and Russia, gave Pol-EconCouns a
readout October 13 of FM Moeller's trip to Georgia and
Abkhazia, in which he himself had participated. This was the
first vsit to Abkhazia by an EU Foreign Minister since it
declared independence from Georgia. Boe shared COP COREU
report on the visit (see paragraph 6 elow) and explained
that the trip was at Moellers own initiative, stemming from
his prior involvement: when the war broke out in August
2008, the-Secretary of State Rice called Moeller to ask if
he could help, knowing that he had visited Georgia the month
before. Denmark does not want the Abkhaz issue to become
frozen for the long term as has happened with northern
Cyprus, Boe remarked.

4. (C) While Moeller's 2008 trip was arranged through the
United Nations, this time the UN declined, apparently for
fear of being seen to legitimize the de facto authorities of
Abkhazia. Taking care not to have any direct contact with
the de facto authorities in organizing the visit, the
Government of Denmark worked through the Danish Refugee
Council. The de facto authorities were miffed and gave
Moeller a "surprisingly cool reception," which may have been
due partly to posturing ahead of upcoming elections. They
did not greet Moeller on arrival at their "foreign ministry,"
though the cameras were waiting at de facto FM Shamba's
office. Moeller pressed the authorities to allow the
European Union Monitoring Mission (EUMM) access; their reply
was that access would be subject to the condition that while
in Abkhazia, the EUMM not purport to be in Georgia.

5. (C) Boe stressed that prior to Moeller's trip, the
Danish embassies in Washington and the EU-3 capitals (Paris,
London and Berlin) had sounded out their hosts, and
Washington had raised no objection. In Boe's view, Moeller's
visit had accomplished its purpose of "breaking the ice"
(i.e., showing that it is possible to engage with the de
facto authorities of Abkhazia without undercutting the
principle of non-recognition) and demonstrating that the
Abkhaz issue remains high on the EU agenda. Boe alluded to
fears that the issue could fall off the USG agenda; he noted
that on two occasions, EUR A/S Gordon had been expected to
participate in the Geneva Process but had been kept away by
other commitments.

6. (C) There follows the text of the COP COREU report
shared by MFA:

QUOTE:
RESTREINT UE
FM COP COREU
INFO ALL COREU NORMAL
CFSP/COP/0121/09
091009 1059Z
ACRONYM COEST
SUBJECT: COEST - Visit by Danish Foreign Minister Moeller to
Georgia 5-7 October 2009

FM Per Stig Moeller visited Georgia 5-7 October 2009 and met
i.a. with President Saakashvili, FM Vashadze, Head of NSC
Tkeshelashvili, State Minister for Reintegration

COPENHAGEN 00000454 002 OF 003


Yakobashvili, Speaker of Parliament Bakradze, representatives
of the parliamentary opposition and Head of the Abkhaz
government-in-exile Baramia. During a visit to Abkhazia FM
Moeller met de facto President Bagapsh and de facto FM
Shamba. FM Moeller had a briefing at EUMM Tbilisi
headquarter and at the Zugdidi field office.

All Georgian interlocutors focused on the war in August 2008
and argued that the Tagliavini report proved that Russia was
responsible. They were all strongly interested in
strengthening relations to the EU and hoped that visa
facilitation and negotiations on the SA-agreement would move
forward soon.

President Saakashvili briefed on Georgian principles for
engaging with the populations of Abkhazia and South Ossetia,
as well as the de facto authorities. Tbilisi would continue
its policy of people-to-people contacts and was ready to be
pragmatic as long as the principle of non-recognition was not
compromised. A solution on the ships seized by Georgian
authorities en route to Abkhazia was expected soon in the
context of bilateral talks with Turkey with the aim of
finding a general "modus vivendi" concerning Turkish maritime
transport.

The visit to Abkhazia was carried out in agreement with the
Georgian authorities and messages were thoroughly discussed
with FM Vashadze. The aim was to demonstrate strong
political commitment to keep the Abkhaz issue high on the EU
agenda as well as help prepare the ground for
confidence-building measures.

The reception in Sukhumi was cool, because the de facto
authorities were annoyed that direct contacts had been
avoided in preparations for the visit which had been arranged
through a Danish NGO. During the discussions the mistrust of
Georgia was as noticeable as was the perceived need to rely
on Russia in the current phase. FM Moeller made it clear
that the EU line on non-recognition was not up for discussion
and that Abkhazia faced continued international isolation.
He encouraged the de facto authorities to engage in
confidence-building measures and seek pragmatic ways to let
the EU contribute to improve the economic and social
situation of the population, especially returned IDPs. He
also raised the question of the return of Georgian IDP's
north of Gali. The response was not enthusiastic but Bagapsh
was ready to look at confidence-building in a broad range of
fields (incl. transport, energy and infrastructure) if the
status issue would not be jeopardized. The key message of FM
Moeller of looking beyond the issue of recognition in order
to find pragmatic solutions to the concerns of the people and
build confidence with the rest of Georgia was, as expected,
difficult for the Abkhaz side to work with at this stage.
However, the Abkhaz side appreciated the level of political
commitment to help identify solutions in the short and medium
term, and expressed a willingness to learn from other
conflicts over status issues in order to move forward.
Bagapsh firmly rejected any return of Georgian IDP's north of
Gali. He warned that this would lead to a new war.

The Abkhaz side repeated its grievances concerning the EU
policy, incl. on visa policy and investments. If the EU was
sincere in wishing to avoid isolation at least it could give
Abkhaz students the possibility to study in Europe. Although
Sukhumi pretended to downplay the importance of the EU
non-recognition policy, a clear frustration was palpable.
Also, a frustration that the visit of FM Moeller provided no
pretext to undermine EU policy (nor during planning neither
during execution) seemed to cause a certain frustration.
(NOTE: Sentence as received. END NOTE.)

FM Moeller underlined the need to continue the Geneva Process
and to give the EUMM access to Abkhazia. Sukhumi was willing
to accept EUMM in Abkhazia if it was made clear, that in this
case the EUMM did not operate in Georgia.

FM Moeller debriefed the Georgian authorities on the visit
and discussed the feasibility of some of the concrete
proposals by Sukhumi. A more detailed debrief was given by
State Secretary Zilmer-Johns to deputy FM's Bokeria and
Nalbandov. Tbilisi agreed with FM Moeller on the need to
intensify efforts to avoid having the status issue block the
expressed will by both sides to engage. Tbilisi would
include the concrete information in its current work on a way

COPENHAGEN 00000454 003 OF 003


forward on possible confidence-building measures including
trade, transport and education. FM Moeller undertook to
continue to work closely with EU partners to look for ways
forward, and FM Moeller has already been in contact with HR
Solana to debrief on the visit.

END QUOTE.

7. (C) ACTION REQUESTED: Post would appreciate any
information from the Department that we can share with MFA
(at Boe's request) regarding USG thoughts on:

- next steps on Georgia/Abkhazia;

- NATO membership for Georgia and Ukraine.
FULTON
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FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 5237
INFO RUEHBS/USEU BRUSSELS PRIORITY
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000451

SIPDIS

STATE FOR P:SMULL, EUR/NB, NEA/IR, EUR/RPM

E.O. 12958: DECL: 10/13/2019
TAGS: MNUC, KNNP, PARM, IR, DA
SUBJECT: IRAN: DANISH RESPONSE ON OUTCOME OF P5+1 TALKS

REF: A. STATE 103219
B. EMAIL EXCHANGE BELL-MULL 10/06/2009 (NOTAL)

Classified By: (U) Ambassador Laurie S. Fulton; reason 1.4 (b, d)

1. (C) In response to ref A demarche, MFA Head of Section
in the Department of Security Policy Aron Bonanno gave
Pol-EconCouns an initial response October 6 (conveyed to
Stephen Mull in P by ref B):

- Denmark is quite supportive of the U.S. position and is
ahead of other small EU countries in this regard.

- The EU has been more united than ever on Iran since the
June Iranian elections. All 27 EU member states have called
in the Iranian ambassador for a dressing-down four times
since then.

- Institutional/personnel changes in Europe could
inadvertently help Iran buy time: the Lisbon Treaty could
take effect by the end of October and put Javier Solana out
of a job; all the EU3 countries are changing Political
Directors.

- The timing of U.S. demarches is essential: it is easiest
to affect EU deliberations at lower working levels, hardest
at the top level; therefore, the best time to convey U.S.
points is as far as possible in advance of the monthly
meetings of Foreign Ministers.

2. (C) Bonanno appreciated the clarifications provided by
Mull (in ref B exchange), and was especially interested in
Mull's upcoming trip to Brussels to share thinking on
sanctions possibilities.
FULTON
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TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 5233
INFO RUEHAK/AMEMBASSY ANKARA PRIORITY 0234
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000446

SIPDIS

STATE FOR S/CT, EUR/SE, EUR/NB

E.O. 12958: DECL: 10/09/2019
TAGS: PREL, PTER, DA, TU
SUBJECT: (C) ROJ-TV: DANES HOPEFUL ABOUT NEW TURKISH
EVIDENCE

Classified By: (U) Ambassador Laurie S. Fulton; reason 1.4 (b, d)

1. (C) SUMMARY: Denmark does not rule out that the latest
evidence provided by Turkey will be of the type needed to
prove Roj-TV's ties to the terrorist PKK in a Danish court,
national security advisor Ahrenkiel told the Ambassador
October 9. Prosecutors are studying the file and are
expected to reach a conclusion this autumn. The Danish
Government cannot intervene in the judicial process but has
emphasized to the prosecutors the importance of the case.
Ahrenkiel noted that anti-terrorism cooperation between
Turkey and Denmark has increased; he credited USG good
offices with helping the Turkish Government to realize that
Denmark wants to support it, and to understand Denmark's
domestic legal requirements. END SUMMARY.

2. (C) The Ambassador met October 9 with the Prime
Minister's national security advisor, Thomas Ahrenkiel, to
discuss matters that are important to the bilateral
relationship but were left off the agenda for the President's
October 2 meeting with the Prime Minister. Top of the list
was the case of Roj-TV. Ahrenkiel said this matter had been
looked into by Danish police and prosecutors for a number of
years, and the evidence had always been deemed insufficient
for prosecution in a Danish court. Until recently, the
evidence provided by Turkey had focused on program content;
under Danish law, the prosecution would have to meet the
difficult standard of proving direct incitement to terror.
Denmark is also pursuing a second track, looking into
financial ties to the PKK. A Danish prosecutor last visited
Ankara in March; contrary to speculation at the time, the
visit was about Roj-TV and not about then-PM Anders Fogh
Rasmussen's candidacy for NATO Secretary General. Thanks to
the good offices of S/CT, Turkey now:

- realizes the Danish Government is treating the matter with
utmost seriousness and wants to support it,

- has a better understanding of what Denmark needs for a
successful prosecution, and

- grasps that a loss in court would be "a big problem."

3. (C) Stressing that the Government cannot intervene in
the independence of the prosecutorial function, Ahrenkiel
emphasized that it has impressed upon prosecutors the
importance of the case. He said the prosecutors are
encouraged by the latest evidence Turkey has provided and
hope to conclude their investigation this autumn. (He noted
the possibility that the investigation could continue past
autumn.) He acknowledged that a decision not to prosecute
would create "a big crisis" between Turkey and Denmark. At
the Ambassador's behest, Ahrenkiel promised to let her know
immediately if the prosecutors decided to close the case.

4. (C) Ahrenkiel noted that Denmark has increased its
anti-terrorism cooperation with Turkey, e.g. confiscating
substantial sums of money from Kurdish couriers. Within the
EU, Denmark has been very active in support of listing the
PKK as a terrorist organization and "was one of the first to
act." The Danish Embassy in Ankara includes a police liaison
officer, who has good contacts with his hosts.

5. (C) By way of background, Ahrenkiel recalled that when
PM Erdogan visited Copenhagen in 2006, he discovered that a
Roj-TV reporter accredited through NATO was to be present for
his joint press conference with PM Anders Fogh Rasmussen.
When his demand that the reporter be barred was not met
(because the reporter had been credentialed by NATO), he left
in a huff, and the two leaders did not speak again until 2008
when they met in Paris. After that, Ahrenkiel visited Ankara
and persuaded his interlocutor (now the Foreign Minister) of
Denmark's sincere desire to help. While Ahrenkiel credits
the U.S. assistance in improving Danish-Turkish communication
since March 2009, he made clear that the two countries are
working together in an improved manner now.
FULTON
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INFO RUEHMD/AMEMBASSY MADRID PRIORITY 2298
RUEHMO/AMEMBASSY MOSCOW PRIORITY 1522
RUEHPG/AMEMBASSY PRAGUE PRIORITY 0649
RUEHSI/AMEMBASSY TBILISI PRIORITY 0151
RUEHBS/USEU BRUSSELS PRIORITY
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000445

SIPDIS

STATE FOR EUR/NB, EUR/RUS, EUR/ERA, EUR/CARC

E.O. 12958: DECL: 10/09/2019
TAGS: PREL, PGOV, DA, RU, GG
SUBJECT: (C) NATIONAL SECURITY ADVISOR ON EU OPT-OUTS,
RUSSIA, GEORGIA/ABKHAZIA, DOMESTIC POLITICS

Classified By: (U) Ambassador Laurie S. Fulton; reason 1.4 (b, d)

1. (C) SUMMARY: National security advisor Thomas Ahrenkiel
told the Ambassador October 9 that the Government still wants
to end Denmark's opt-outs from EU common policies but the
time is not right for a referendum. He briefed on relations
with Russia, notably the Prime Minister's upcoming visit to
Moscow (Nov. 2). He alluded to the Foreign Minister's visit
to Abkhazia, which was coordinated with - and supported by -
the Georgian government. He also briefed on domestic
olitics in this the first week of the parliamentar session:
he expected a Cabinet reshuffle in th spring, but doubted
the PM would change the platorm inherited from his
predecessor. (Other topi reported septel.) END SUMMARY.

EU
--

2. (C) The Ambassador met with the Prime Minister's
national security advisor Thomas Ahrenkiel Octobe 9.
Ahrenkiel noted that EC President Barroso wasvisiting
Copenhagen that day for a conference in the build-up to
COP-15. The Prime Minister would discuss EU matters with
him, including: what can be done about Czech opposition to
the Lisbon Treaty; who should be the permanent president of
the European Council; who should replace Javier Solana; and
who should be Denmark's new Commissioner. Ahrenkiel also
mentioned that PM Rasmussen had discussed Spain's upcoming EU
Presidency with PM Zapatero during the latter's visit October
2 in support of Madrid's candidacy to host the 2016 Olympic
Games.

3. (C) With regard to Denmark's opt-outs from EU common
policies, Ahrenkiel said PM Lars Loekke Rasmussen retains his
predecessor's intention to eliminate them: they leave
Denmark without influence, and being outside the euro-zone
entails extra costs. Nonetheless, despite the party
platform's call for a referendum on ending the opt-outs this
parliamentary term, the PM does not intend to call a
referendum because the timing is wrong: Denmark does not
meet the criteria for joining the euro (its deficit for next
year is projected at 5 percent of GDP, over the 3 percent
ceiling), and it would be "absurd" to ask voters to approve
something that the Government could not implement. On the
other opt-outs (defense and justice/home affairs), the PM
will consult the major EU-supportive parties (not the Danish
People's Party) in Parliament, where he would need a broad
majority. It is known that there are differing views
regarding justice/home affairs. While there is less
disagreement about defense, the Government prefers to have
one referendum only, perhaps broken down into individual
choices on all opt-outs. Politically, the best time for a
referendum is shortly after a general election.

RUSSIA
------

4. (C) PM Rasmussen will visit Russia November 2 to meet
with PM Putin. His main focus will be on COP-15, where
Russia could be a spoiler: it has excess quotas worth
billions of dollars that it could dump on the world market
and wreck the entire quota system, and it wants them extended
after the Kyoto Protocol expires. Given that Russia's
emissions have declined around 30-40 percent since 1990, sale
of quotas would be "money for nothing." Meanwhile, President
Medvedev has set a target of improving energy efficiency by
40 percent. The EU member states have a "tacit agreement"
not to buy quotas.

5. (C) Other topics on PM Rasmussen's agenda in Russia: he
will push his hosts to be constructive on Afghanistan and
Iran, especially since U.S. missile defense policy changes
have been announced, and will address commercial relations
(Carlsberg has about half the beer market in Russia). The
pipeline should not be a problematic issue, as Denmark
expects to approve it October 19-20 (which would then begin a
public comment period).

6. (C) President Medvedev will make a state visit here in
April.

GEORGIA/ABKHAZIA
----------------

7. (C) Asked about Foreign Minister Per Stig Moeller's trip
to Abkhazia this week, Ahrenkiel said the FM is increasing

his travel in the Caucasus and Central Asia, to see if
Denmark can be of help. This is a "good effort." The
Georgian political system is "under great stress"; Denmark
has supported it. With Georgia's Membership Application
Process having receded, Denmark wants to increase practical
cooperation. (Note: The FM's trip to Abkhazia, from
Georgia, was coordinated with - and supported by - the
Georgian government. End note.)

DOMESTIC POLITICS
-----------------

8. (C) The PM's speech opening the parliamentary session
October 6 has led to a "very boring" debate. (Note:
Supporters of the government praised it - Danish People's
Party leader Pia Kjaersgaard called it one of the best she
had heard) - while opponents criticized it for lacking
substantive solutions. End Note.) Ahrenkiel predicted that
Lars Loekke Rasmussen would probably reshuffle his Cabinet
"in the spring," but probably not revise the party platform
inherited from Anders Fogh Rasmussen until the next election.
Ahrenkiel commented that Lars Loekke had wanted to focus
more on domestic issues than his predecessor; he has found
that foreign policy consumes a surprising amount of his time,
more than anticipated, but he is enjoying it and realizes the
run-up to COP-15 is giving him an exceptional opportunity to
build relationships with world leaders.
FULTON
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RUDKSR/EUCOM STUTTGART GE//POLAD// PRIORITY
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000435

NOFORN
SIPDIS

STATE FOR EUR/NB, EUR/RPM

E.O. 12958: DECL: 10/05/2019
TAGS: PGOV, PREL, KDEM, MARR, DA
SUBJECT: CHOD RESIGNS IN COMMANDO-BOOK SCANDAL

REF: USDAO COPENHAGEN 011650Z OCT 09

Classified By: (U) Ambassador Laurie S. Fulton; reason 1.4 (b, d)

1. (C) SUMMARY: Denmark's Chief of Defense Command (CHOD)
Admiral Tim Sloth Joergensen resigned October 4 as a result
of a scandal over an Arabic translation of a controversial
book about Danish commandos that was published over MOD
objections. It has been revealed that an officer on his
staff produced the computerized translation, and another
leaked it to the press. The investigation to date suggests
that neither Joergensen nor Defense Minister Soeren Gade was
aware of the Danish defense establishment's connection to the
translation, but Gade -- at least unwittingly -- misled
Parliament about the origin of the translation. The Prime
Minister's national security advisor confided to the
Ambassador October 5 his personal view that this is a major
crisis for the Government and indicated that the likelihood
of other resignations was "50-50." END SUMMARY.

-----------------------
(U) FROM CONTROVERSY...
-----------------------

2. (SBU) On September 16, the Danish newspaper Politiken
published in full the book "Commando - At War With Special
Forces" written by former Danish Special Forces soldier
Thomas Rathsack. It did so knowing that the Ministry of
Defense (MOD) had filed for an injunction against publication
on national-security grounds, and that a court hearing was
scheduled for the following day. The concern was that some
details about commando warfare could help the enemy and
endanger Danish and allied troops in Afghanistan. The
following week, an Arabic translation of the book was found
on the internet; it was of very poor quality, almost
certainly the product of a machine-translation program.
DefMin Soeren Gade told members of Parliament that the
translation had been found on the internet, but not that it
had been put there by his own department. He stated publicly
that the contents of the book were "obviously of interest to
the opposition."

-----------------
(U) ...TO CRISIS
-----------------

3. (SBU) On October 1, the tabloid Ekstra Bladet claimed
that the translation had been concocted by the chief of the
IT section of MOD, Captain (Navy) Jesper Britze, allegedly at
the instigation of Gade's chief press spokesman Jakob
Winther, apparently in order to enable the minister to show
that the book was a threat to national security. Gade called
an urgent press conference at which he expressed shock and
dismay that anyone within his ministry might have done
anything of the sort. He offered to resign if Parliament had
lost confidence in him. On October 2, Lieutenant Colonel
Lars Sonderskov, Chief of Communications at Defense Command,
admitted he had sent the translation to the Danish newspaper
Berlingske Tidende.

4. (C) Initially, Gade retained the support of the parties
in Government (his own Liberals and the Conservatives) and of
the Danish People's Party which supports the Government from
outside the coalition. The largest opposition group, the
Social Democratic Party (SDP), declared October 1 that it was
"satisfied for now" with his explanation, but quickly changed
its mind and called for Gade's resignation. Its ally the
Socialist People's Party was less aggressive, insisting
merely than nobody is immune from accountability. CHOD
Joergensen initially rebuffed suggestions that he should
resign over the actions of his subordinate, but after meeting
with Gade October 3, he announced his resignation October 4.
Gade then publicly expressed his regret and respect for the
CHOD's decision. On October 5, Gade reported on MOD's
handling of the affair to the parties to the Defense
Agreement (i.e. the ruling coalition, Danish People's Party,
SDP, Socialist People's Party, and Social Liberals).
Accompanying him was Permanent Under Secretary of Defense
Lars Findsen, a career civil servant, who has been faulted
for failing to tell Gade promptly that the translation was
machine-produced and of poor quality. The meeting evidently
went well: afterwards, the opposition parties said they
would await the outcome of two separate investigations that
MOD auditors have begun, before deciding whether to call for
an independent investigation. The SDP did not withdraw its
call for Gade's resignation, however.

5. (C/NF) The Prime Minister's national security advisor,
Thomas Ahrenkiel, who is also a civil servant, confided to
the Ambassador earlier October 5 his personal view that this
is a major crisis for the Government; he indicated that the
likelihood of additional resignations is "50-50."
Resignation of a minister would be a big loss for PM Lars
Loekke Rasmussen, Ahrenkiel commented; those in charge must
retain trust and confidence, especially while Danish soldiers
are fighting in Afghanistan.

6. (C) The timing of this scandal is especially awkward:
the formal opening of Parliament is scheduled for October 6,
at which the PM is due to give his first State of the Nation
speech. He will want the focus to be on his legislative
agenda, not on these actions in which the political
leadership appears to have had no role.
FULTON
32
2275699/30/200909COPENHAGEN427CONFIDENTIALEmbassy Copenhagen09STATE100518VZCZCXYZ0000
PP RUEHWEB

DE RUEHCP #0427 2730749
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
P 300749Z SEP 09
FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 5210
INFO RUEHGO/AMEMBASSY RANGOON PRIORITY 0054
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC PRIORITY
RUEHBS/USEU BRUSSELS PRIORITY
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK PRIORITY 1578
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000427

SIPDIS

STATE FOR EAP/MLS:LSCHEIBE
NSC FOR DESMOND WALTON

E.O. 12958: DECL: 09/29/2019
TAGS: PREL, PGOV, KDEM, BM, DA
SUBJECT: BURMA: DENMARK KEEN TO WORK WITH USG

REF: STATE 100518

Classified By: (U) Ambassador Laurie S. Fulton; reason 1.4 (b, d)

(C) Pol-EconCouns delivered reftel demarche September 29 to
MFA's Asia Dept. Head Martin Hermann and Head of Section for
Southeast Asia and Pacific Mathilde Gry Nielsen. In
response, Hermann expressed appreciation and noted that while
the EU is not united on Burma, Denmark:

- supports the sanctions under the EU common position,

- is scaling up humanitarian/development assistance as
allowed, and

- is keen to engage with others, including the USG and Asian
nations. Hermann advocated a joint U.S.-EU approach on Burma
and, to the extent possible, on Asian issues in general.
FULTON
33
2274419/29/200909COPENHAGEN425CONFIDENTIALEmbassy Copenhagen09STATE100153VZCZCXYZ0008
PP RUEHWEB

DE RUEHCP #0425 2721351
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
P 291351Z SEP 09
FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 5208
INFO RUEHLO/AMEMBASSY LONDON PRIORITY 0725
RUEHFR/AMEMBASSY PARIS PRIORITY 0529
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK PRIORITY 1577
RUEHBS/USEU BRUSSELS PRIORITY
RUEHUNV/USMISSION UNVIE VIENNA PRIORITY 0028
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000425

SIPDIS

STATE FOR ISN/RA:RNEPHEW, EUR/NB, EUR/RPM

E.O. 12958: DECL: 09/29/2019
TAGS: IR, KNNP, MNUC, PARM, PREL, DA
SUBJECT: IRAN COVERT URANIUM ENRICHMENT FACILITY

REF: STATE 100153

Classified By: (U) Ambassador Laurie S. Fulton; reason 1.4 (b, d)

1. (C) Pol-EconCouns delivered reftel demarche September 29
to Aron Bonanno, Head of Section in MFA's Security Policy
Dept, and Lene Hothes of MFA's Iran desk. Bonanno replied
that Denmark is in total agreement with the USG; Iran must
live up to its international obligations. MFA is eager to
hear a readout of the October 1 Geneva meeting between the
P5 1 and Iran, ideally ahead of Foreign Minister Per Stig
Moeller's meeting with members of the Danish parliament the
next day. Denmark agrees that the Geneva meeting must
include discussion of the nuclear issue, and sees no reason
for Iran not to provide full transparency if its nuclear is
purely civilian as it claims.

2. (C) Bonanno noted that the Secretary had welcomed Iran's
acceptance of inspections at the new site, and hoped such
inspections would occur as soon as possible.

3. (C) Denmark is prepared to support additional sanctions
if Iran fails to live up to its obligations, Bonanno
continued. Denmark's preference would be for UN sanctions,
but FM Moeller supported having the EU start working on
identifying where sanctions could be most effective.

4. (SBU) The UK embassy contacted us to say it had
instructions to coordinate a joint demarche on this topic
with us and the French, and that the French embassy had
similar instructions. We explained that we had no such
instructions, had already delivered reftel demarche and had
received a very positive answer from Bonanno.
FULTON
34
2259169/18/200909COPENHAGEN404CONFIDENTIALEmbassy CopenhagenVZCZCXYZ0015
PP RUEHWEB

DE RUEHCP #0404/01 2611434
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
P 181434Z SEP 09
FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 5184
INFO RUEHOT/AMEMBASSY OTTAWA PRIORITY 2565
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHINGTON DC//USDP-ISA-EUR// PRIORITY
RUCPDOC/DEPT OF COMMERCE WASHDC PRIORITY
RHEBAAA/DEPT OF ENERGY WASHINGTON DC PRIORITY
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000404

SIPDIS

STATE FOR EUR/NB, OES

E.O. 12958: DECL: 09/14/2019
TAGS: PREL, PGOV, KDEM, MARR, SENV, SCUL, DA, GL
SUBJECT: AMBASSADOR VISITS GREENLAND

Classified By: Ambassador Laurie S. Fulton; 1.4 (b, d)

1. (U) This cable contains an action request; please see
paragraph 15.

2. (C) SUMMARY: Official Greenland warmly welcomed
Ambassador Fulton on her first visit to the capital Nuuk,
August 20-22, and the GOD sent a senior delegation to
accompany her to Thule Air Base September 7-9. Greenland
Self-Rule Premier Kleist sought agreement to conduct a
five-year review of the (US-Denmark-Greenland) Joint
Committee, called the Joint Committee "beneficial" but hoped
for more (especially in education), enthusiastically
supported the idea of a U.S. seasonal post in Nuuk, and asked
for help bringing closure to the story that some plutonium
may have been lost in a 1968 B-52 crash. Later, the Danish
Health Minister promised the Ambassador advance summaries of
upcoming research findings into possible contamination from
that crash. END SUMMARY.

(U) PREMIER KUUPIK KLEIST
--------------------------

3. (C) Official Greenland warmly welcomed Ambassador
Fulton's first visit August 20-22, to the capital Nuuk (pop.
16,000). Premier Kuupik Kleist hosted a meeting, a dinner
and a boat-tour of the fjord. He began his meeting with the
Ambassador by requesting any help the USG could give to
provide "a decent closure" to the "old case" of the USAF B-52
carrying nuclear bombs that crashed off Greenland in 1968.
He regretted that the issue had been revived (due to a BBC
report last fall) and raised in the Danish Parliament. He
sought no confrontation, but only wished to "calm and inform"
his people. The Danish Institute for International Studies
(DIIS) had recently issued a report ruling out any missing
bomb, but leaving open at least one question, whether 1.5 kg.
of plutonium could be accounted for. If it were possible to
see the relevant U.S. documents without redaction, that might
put the matter to rest. The Ambassador noted that a formal
request would no doubt have to come through the Danish
Government via the U.S.-Denmark Permanent Committee, but
offered in the meantime to try to find out whether any
additional information was available that could help.

4. (C) On September 14, Denmark's Health Minister Jakob
Axel Nielsen promised the Ambassador advance summaries of two
upcoming research reports relevant to the B-52 crash:

- a study in progress searching for soil and air
contamination; report due in early 2010. The Minister was
confident that no atmospheric contamination would be found;
he said that was the only kind of contamination that could
pose a health issue;

- a study that has not yet begun, that will explore
Greenlanders' health.

5. (C) Kleist was "happy" with the (US-Denmark-Greenland)
Permanent Committee, but worried about "rumors" the U.S.
might close Thule airbase. On the Joint Committee, he sought
agreement to conduct a review now that it is five years old.
The Joint Committee "has been beneficial to Greenland,"
especially the "very strong scientific cooperation"; "let's
see what has worked and what hasn't." His priority is
education: it is "the key to prosperity and development" but
faces many challenges due to demographics (tiny, widely
scattered settlements in a harsh environment). He said he
would like to see the parties to the Joint Committee "work on
budgets instead of projects." The Ambassador replied that
she was keen to understand the Greenland education system and
how we can help, especially by facilitating exchanges and
exploiting internet-based technology. Kleist praised the
concept of a U.S. seasonal post in the Greenland capital of
Nuuk as a "brilliant idea" that would "facilitate everything
else." He said that Greenland is becoming "the face of
climate change" and would be very active at and around
COP-15.

(U) FINANCE MINISTER PALLE CHRISTIANSEN
----------------------------------------

6. (C) Finance Minister Palle Christiansen described his
party, the Democrats, as very pro-U.S. and keen to improve
education so that Greenlanders will be open to the world, not
xenophobic nationalists. A dentist by profession,
Christiansen explained that his portfolio includes IT,
reform, and Nordic relations. While the prospect of
independence would mean Greenland had to pay its own bills,
right now the biggest challenge was "avoiding bankruptcy."
Ambitious plans to develop hydro-electric projects could
include exports of 30 terrawatts to North America - enough to
cover two percent of all U.S. electricity. The minister
wanted to establish an IT college so as to provide courses
from "any university in the world;" to that end, western
Greenland now had fast internet thanks to a sizeable
investment in a cable connection, while the east coast was
still dependent on a (much slower) satellite connection.
With regard to local development in Nuuk, he praised the new
municipal council's emphasis on strengthening education and
housing rather than big-ticket infrastructure projects.
Regarding the U.S. base at Thule, he had urged the base
commander to use Greenlandic companies as contractors for
construction and outer security. (NOTE: Greenlandic and
Danish companies already have preference for most
base-related activities under the terms of the 1951 Defense
Agreement and subsequent related agreements. END NOTE.)

(U) SPEAKER JOSEF MOTZFELDT
-----------------------------

7. (C) Speaker of Parliament Josef Motzfeldt supported the
idea of a U.S. seasonal post in Nuuk, and noted that
Greenland may open an office in Washington to cover North
America. The priorities he mentioned were building ties with
youth, and making more use of tele-medicine. He mentioned an
upcoming visit by an American citizen named Tony Phillippi
from Minneapolis, who planned to come to Greenland September
13 with his own seaplane and fly up the west coast to Qaanaaq
(north of Thule) to see how he could help develop the
infrastructure.

(U) OPPOSITION LEADER ALEQA HAMMOND
------------------------------------

8. (C) Aleqa Hammond, the first female opposition leader in
Greenland and first female chair of Siumut party (which held
power 1979-2009), expressed support for a U.S. seasonal post
and for the Joint Committee, while making clear she wanted
"more obligation, higher priority" from the U.S. With an eye
to independence in 20 years, she said her party would push
for the English and Danish languages to have equal standing
in schools. Raising the issue of CIA flights allegedly
transiting Greenland/Thule (based on a television program
from several months ago), she said it was important to be
"open so there are no ghosts in the closet."

(U) MINISTER OF INDUSTRY OVE BERTHELSEN
---------------------------------------

9. (C) Minister of Industry Ove Berthelsen (the only
official to speak in Greenlandic, using an interpreter)
relied on three staffers (all ethnic Danes) to present
briefings:

- The proposed Alcoa aluminum smelter could produce 360,000
tons per year starting in 2015-16. Two dedicated hydro-power
stations would be built, over 100 kms. away. Total
investment could exceed USD4 billion (i.e. double Greenland's
current GDP). The project would create over a thousand new
jobs and, in the construction phase, double the population of
Maniitsoq (2,750; located on the west coast between Sisimiut
and Nuuk). The Greenland Parliament is expected to decide in
October whether to pass the Hydro-Power Concession Act. A
decision on whether to take an equity stake in the Alcoa
smelter project is expected in spring 2010; Alcoa prefers a
50-50 split. (NOTE: Alcoa has expressed readiness to
explore a smaller Greenlandic stake, perhaps in conjunction
with a third investor. END NOTE.) The final decision is
expected in fall 2010; construction should take five years.

- Tourism is growing into a pillar of the economy, with about
50,000 visitors per year. Cruise-ships are the fastest
growing segment. Revenue is around 40 million DKK/year,
approx. one third in passenger head-tax and the rest on-shore
spending. With Alaska saturated, Greenland is becoming more
attractive as a destination; Greenland's focus on tourism is
on quality not quantity, thus the crowds from cruise ships
are seen as economically beneficial because they do not
require additional infrastructure like hotels.

- Natural resources: export of ice and bottled drinking
water could reach 30 to 60 million DKK in 2010. Greenland's
Bureau of Minerals and Petroleum currently has joint
responsibility with Denmark when it comes to licensing
exploration/exploitation of natural resources, but starting
in 2010 all revenue from oil, gas or minerals will go to
Greenland; half that revenue will be deducted from Denmark's
block grant to Greenland. (NOTE: With the Self-Governance
Agreement of June 2009, the block grant was frozen at 3.4
billion Danish Kroner per year, currently about USD 667
million. END NOTE.) Over 80 exploration licenses have been
granted so far this year (vice fewer than 20 in 2003). There
are two producing mines at present (gold, olivine) and two
more exploitation licenses have been issued (lead/zinc and
molybdenum). Other possibilities include zirconium, rubies,
iron, and diamonds. Environmental regulations are strict, in
compliance with all Arctic Council rules. Greenland seeks to
be competitive in the eyes of investors; for mineral
extraction projects, it has set its take at 37 percent
(Canada's is 50 percent). Oil and gas reserves are assessed
by the U.S. Geological Survey at 31 billion barrels of oil
equivalent, roughly half the size of the North Sea field,
though some of these potential deposits are located off the
icebound northeast coast and not accessible with current
drilling technology. Over 130,000 sq. km. are now licensed
for exploration or exploitation. Greenland is asking for a
government take of 59 percent, which would leave the investor
41 percent; Alaska leaves the investor less than 10 percent).

(U) GREENLANDIC EMPLOYERS ASSOCIATION
--------------------------------------

10. (SBU) Greenlandic Employers Association Director Henrik
Leth explained that his organization represents about 400
companies ranging from 800 employees to one. Its three main
purposes are: services to members; lobbying; and negotiating
with unions every three years. Leth had been impressed by
the large turnout the previous day for a discussion of how
Greenland would have to adapt to the influx of large projects
such as Alcoa. He reckoned it would take 15-20 years before
Greenlanders could fill most of the Alcoa jobs (NOTE: Alcoa
executives dispute this assertion. END NOTE.). His
association opposed cost-sharing by the government, arguing
that Alcoa should pay its own way, but he stressed "we are
not against the project." Leth was worried that COP-15 might
lead to restrictions on growth of carbon dioxide emissions
that would make it impossible for Greenland to develop
economically (the Alcoa project alone would double
Greenland's CO2). He hoped Greenland and Denmark could reach
agreement before COP-15, but the GOD wanted to postpone
negotiations until after the conference.

(U) INSTITUTE OF NATURAL RESOURCES
----------------------------------

11. (U) Institute of Natural Resources Director Klaus
Nygaard said the Institute's research has helped ensure that
most fish stocks are now being harvested sustainably. On
hunting, "we are a generation behind," but hunters are coming
to recognize the importance of sustainability. Soren
Rysgaard, professor at the Institute's new Climate Impact
Center, stressed that scieQific cooperation with Greenland
is very important to understanding global climate change.
Active cooperation exists with American and other scientists.
Since 1994, some 3,500 parameters are being measured, and it
is important to continue measuring in the same places in
order to understand changes. Latest research shows the
warming of the ice cap is accelerating. Some 150 scientists
of the cryosphere will gather in Nuuk next week.

(U) UNIVERSITY OF GREENLAND
----------------------------

12. (U) University of Greenland Rector Tine Pars described
tuition-free exchanges with Dartmouth and University of
Montana. She pressed for more tuition-free opportunities for
Greenlandic students to study in the United States. The U.S.
National Science Foundation is funding a study on sexual
habits in Greenland, and is considering sending an instructor
to teach at the University. The University of Greenland is
participating in "U Arctic," a web-based initiative of the
Arctic Council. At Pars' request, the Ambassador agreed to
see whether the USG can support the university's
participation in an annual seminar on Inuit culture,
involving U.S., Canada, Scotland and France.

(U) OTHER ENGAGEMENTS
----------------------

13. (U) The Ambassador also:

- Met with Mayor Asii Chemnitz Narup who briefed on her
municipality of Sermersooq, which - due to reorganization
mandated by the previous Premier - is 15 times the size of
Denmark and incorporates five former municipalities, three on
the west coast including Nuuk, and two on the east coast.
She expressed strong support for exchanges with the U.S.
through visits and telecommunications.- Toured the cultural
center Katuaq (headed by Julia Pars, who is Tine's sister, an
artist, and board chair of Air Greenland). It has a 500-seat
auditorium and screens first releases as well as putting on
concerts and theater, and hosting conferences.

- Visited a class at the Greenland Business College, which
offers programs lasting from one to four years including
Bachelor of Commerce, has about 250 daytime students and had
approx. 700 students participate in at least one course last
year, of whom 90 percent completed successfully. The college
gets USD4 million (80 percent of its budget) from the
Greenland Home Rule Government. It has educational
agreements with Aalborg Business School in Denmark and
Jefferson Community and Technical College in Kentucky. It
offers e-learning with Skype and will soon administer the
TOEFL test (now, students have to go to Denmark to take it).

- Gave an interview to Sermitsiaq newspaper.

- Visited the 109th Air Wing of the New York Air National
Guard during a layover at Greenland's commercial air hub of
Kangerlussuaq. Lt Col Matt Leclair briefed on the 109th's
support to U.S. and international scientists studying the
Greenland ice cap every summer, using LC-130H transport
airplanes equipped with skis. Met Dorthe Dahl Jensen,
director of the Center for Ice and Climate at the Niels Bohr
Institute, Copenhagen University, who had just returned from
two months on the ice cap.

14. (U) The Ambassador visited Thule Air Base in
northwestern Greenland September 7-9, accompanied by DATT,
Air Attache, Pol-EconCouns, and a Danish delegation led by
Major General Peter Kuhnel, Chief of International
Operations, Defense Command. The delegation included: Rear
Admiral Henrik Kudsk, Commander, Greenland Command; Anne
Dannerfjord, Senior Advisor in the Prime Minister's Office;
Mikaela Engell, MFA Advisor on Greenland Affairs; and MOD
staff. Col Christopher Gentry and his Team Thule arranged a
program that highlighted outstanding partnership with the
Danes and excellent relations with local communities. The
GOD delegation made clear the importance Denmark attaches to
U.S. operations at Thule. All agreed that the recent
trilateral search-and-rescue exercise with Canada had shown
the partnership could perform search-and-rescue using Danish
ships and helicopters and the medical facility at Thule.

15. (C) ACTION REQUESTED: Department is requested to
advise whether there is any further information that could be
provided to bring closure to the B-52 issue, as per paragraph
3 above.
FULTON
35
2254709/16/200909COPENHAGEN395CONFIDENTIALEmbassy Copenhagen09STATE95073VZCZCXRO7289
PP RUEHBC RUEHDE RUEHDIR RUEHKUK RUEHTRO
DE RUEHCP #0395 2591729
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
P 161729Z SEP 09
FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 5174
INFO RUCNIRA/IRAN COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
RUEHHI/AMEMBASSY HANOI PRIORITY 0001
RUEHUNV/USMISSION UNVIE VIENNA PRIORITY 0027
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK PRIORITY 1572
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000395

SIPDIS

STATE FOR ISN/RA, NEA/IR, EUR/NB, EUR/RPM, EAP

E.O. 12958: DECL: 09/16/2019
TAGS: PREL, KNNP, MNUC, PARM, IAEA, AORC, IR, DA
SUBJECT: (C) IRAN: DENMARK SUPPORTS UNSC SANCTIONS

REF: STATE 95073

Classified By: (U) Ambassador Laurie S. Fulton; reason 1.4 (b, d)

1. (C) In response to reftel demarche, FM Per Stig Moeller
told Ambassador September 16 that he supports additional UNSC
sanctions on Iran, which cannot be trusted, and that he told
his EU colleagues this on September 14. He assessed that the
Iranian political opposition had succeeded in making inroads
using the argument that the regime is isolating the country
from the world by its irresponsible conduct. Moeller added
that Iran was on his agenda for the meeting he was about to
have with the Vietnamese president.

2. (C) Moeller noted that he had heard from EU High
Representative Javier Solana September 14 that a meeting was
set between Iran and the P5 1 for October 1, with the nuclear
issue on the agenda.
FULTON
36
2254759/16/200909COPENHAGEN396CONFIDENTIALEmbassy Copenhagen09STATE92641VZCZCXRO7324
PP RUEHAG RUEHROV RUEHSL RUEHSR
DE RUEHCP #0396 2591758
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
P 161758Z SEP 09
FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 5175
INFO RUCNMEM/EU MEMBER STATES PRIORITY
RUEHLM/AMEMBASSY COLOMBO PRIORITY 0104
RUEHBS/USEU BRUSSELS PRIORITY
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK PRIORITY 1573
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000396

SIPDIS

STATE FOR SCA/INSB:ANTHONY RENZULLI, EUR/NB, S/WCI

E.O. 12958: DECL: 09/16/2019
TAGS: PREL, PGOV, PHUM, PREF, PTER, MASS, SOCI, EAID, EUN,
CE, DK
SUBJECT: (C) SRI LANKA: DENMARK SUPPORTING USG DEMARCHE

REF: STATE 92641

Classified By: (U) Ambassador Laurie S. Fulton; reason 1.4 (b, d)

1. (C) SUMMARY: Denmark says it supported the USG position
on Sri Lanka (reftel) at the EU's Asia Working Group meeting
in Brussels September 16. Afterwards, the European
Commission unit that covers Sri Lanka asked the Danes for a
copy of reftel points; the Danes told the unit to talk to the
Americans. The Danish Embassy in Washington will ask the
Department for a copy of a report being readied by S/WCI on
war crimes in Sri Lanka. END SUMMARY.

2. (C) Lars Bredal, Deputy Head of MFA Asia Department,
told Pol-EconCouns September 16 that Denmark agrees with the
USG position on Sri Lanka. He had instructed the Danish
delegation at that day's meeting of the EU's Asia Working
Group to urge working with the USG along the lines in reftel.
According to Bredal, Germany agreed but other delegations
were not prepared for a detailed discussion. After the
meeting, the European Commission unit that covers Sri Lanka
asked the Danes for a copy of reftel points, but the Danes
told the unit to talk to the Americans. Bredal confided that
he thought it likely someone in the EU did have the points
already, just not that unit.

3. (C) Bredal expected the EU member-state missions in
Colombo to get together and report before the next Asia
Working Group meeting, responding to the USG ideas for action
contained in reftel. He was particularly interested in the
suggested visits by UN officials. Denmark, he continued,
"insists" that Sri Lanka be on the agenda of the next EU
Foreign Ministers meeting October 26-27, and wants the
outcome to be more than just a reaching of conclusions.

4. (C) A European Commission report due for release
September 21 regarding eligibility for GSP Plus trade
preferences, "will hit Sri Lanka hard," Bredal said.
Denmark's position will be that the Sri Lankan Government
must be held accountable. Bredal had heard that S/WCI might
be releasing a report on Sri Lankan war crimes the same day;
he gave a heads-up that his embassy in Washington would be
seeking a copy of that report.

5. (U) Bredal mentioned that he had just returned from Sri
Lanka where he had visited the north and met with the US
Embassy (Paul Carter).
FULTON
37
2244519/10/200909COPENHAGEN385CONFIDENTIAL//NOFORNEmbassy CopenhagenP 101348Z SEP 09
FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 5165
INFO AMEMBASSY BERLIN PRIORITY
AMEMBASSY KABUL PRIORITY
AMEMBASSY NEW DELHI PRIORITY
NSC WASHDC PRIORITY
SECDEF WASHINGTON DC PRIORITY
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000385


NOFORN

STATE FOR EUR/RPM, EUR/NB, EUR/CE, SCA
NSC FOR JEFF HOVENIER

E.O. 12958: DECL: 09/10/2019
TAGS: PREL, MARR, AF, DA, GE
SUBJECT: (C) AFGHANISTAN: DANES WORRIED ABOUT FALLOUT OF
AIR STRIKE

Classified By: (U) Ambassador Laurie S. Fulton; reason 1.4 (b, d)

1. (C/NF) The Prime Minister's foreign policy advisor
Thomas Ahrenkiel called the Ambassador September 10 to
register his Government's deep worry about Afghanistan in the
wake of the air strike on hijacked tankers. Noting that he
had spoken with his German counterpart, he said this incident
could become a serious issue in the German elections
(September 27) and make it more difficult for Germany to
increase its engagement in Afghanistan. Denmark's key
message was that "from a European perspective," we need to
avoid arguing in public: "this public discussion between
commanders is not helpful."

2. (C) That Ahrenkiel called - twice - while en route to
India with the Prime Minister indicates the importance to the
Danish Government of making its concern known to the USG
without delay.


FULTON
38
2227418/28/200909COPENHAGEN372CONFIDENTIALEmbassy CopenhagenR 281121Z AUG 09
FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO SECSTATE WASHDC 5143
INFO EUROPEAN POLITICAL COLLECTIVE
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000372


DEPT FOR EUR/NB, S/SECC, OES

E.O. 12958: DECL: 08/27/2029
TAGS: PGOV, PREL, SENV, DA
SUBJECT: AMBASSADOR MEETS WITH THE DANISH PM - COP-15 THE
TOP PRIORITY, HOPES FOR POTUS PARTICIPATION

Classified By: Ambassador Laurie S. Fulton, Embassy Copenhagen,
Reason: 1.4 (B) and (D)

1. (C) Summary: During the course of an extended meeting
with the Ambassador on August 26, Danish Prime Minister
Lars-Lokke Rasmussen praised the state of U.S.-Denmark
relations, welcomed US leadership on climate change
negotiations and said that COP-15 was "at the top of my
political agenda." The PM praised the President's role in
the negotiations, and pitched strongly for POTUS
participation at the climate change conference in Copenhagen
in December. He expressed intense interest in the progress of
U.S. domestic climate and energy legislation, and asked about
prospects for the U.S. economy. As had his Foreign Minister
the day before, the PM expressed great satisfaction with
U.S.-Danish cooperation in Afghanistan, and noted that U.S.
policy was "very much in line with our own thinking." The PM
sought an overview of the Ambassador's priorities in Denmark,
and offered his support for initiatives to increase exchanges
(particularly between Danish and American youth and young
adults), leverage new technology to facilitate communication,
and involve women in global security issues. As a measure of
the value Denmark attaches to its relationship with the
United States, PM Rasmussen was accompanied at the meeting by
his Chief of Staff, National Security Advisor and chief
climate change negotiator. In a subsequent call, the climate
negotiator (Bo Lidegaard), who had left the meeting early,
informed the Ambassador of the PM's request for a bilateral
with the President on the margins of the MEF in Washington in
September. Lidegaard also told the Ambassador that Rasmussen
had been invited to address a U.S. Chamber of Commerce event
on climate change, also in Washington, on September 21, but
that politically, the PM cannot do the latter without doing
the former. End Summary.

--------------------------------
COP-15 - The Most Pressing Issue
--------------------------------

2. (C). Danish Prime Minister Lars-Lokke Rasmussen, flanked
by his Chief of Staff, National Security Advisor and chief
negotiator on climate change, received the Ambassador for an
introductory call on August 26. The PM spoke warmly about
the quality of the U.S.- Danish bilateral relationship, and
noted that the Ambassador's Danish heritage would certainly
strengthen these ties. Reviewing quickly the increasing
business links between the United States and Denmark, as well
as cooperation in Afghanistan, PM Rasmussen moved immediately
to COP-15, an event which he termed "at the top of my
political agenda." The PM said he was encouraged by the
President's leadership on climate change, and while Denmark
was proud of the progress it had made in reducing its
reliance on fossil fuels, "President Obama is the most
important figure in this process." He added that Denmark
intended the use the UN High Level Event in New York in
September to invite world leaders to Copenhagen for COP-15 in
December. Asking if the Ambassador could give him "some
indication" about the President's plans for COP-15, the Prime
Minister underlined that an "ambitious agreement" in
Copenhagen would not be possible without the participation of
POTUS. Rasmussen concluded that Denmark fully understood
that the presence of leaders from the U.S., China and Brazil
would not be likely if prospects for success in Copenhagen
were not good for an agreement.

3. (C) The Ambassador replied that it is premature to discuss
the President's participation in COP-15. She praised the
PM's remarks at the Rome MEF event, and noted Special Envoy
Todd Stern's role in moving the climate negotiations forward.
For the United States, she added, a global solution is the
key, and she agreed that Chinese, Brazilian and Indian
participation in the process is essential. Highlighting the
links to the U.S. domestic energy and climate policy agenda,
the Ambassador said that while the Waxman-Markey bill had
passed the House, the legislation "will not get any better in
the Senate." Honing in on this, the PM asked for the
timetable for moving the bill through Congress, to which the
Ambassador replied that while many in Congress are committed
to passing climate legislation this fall, it is impossible to
say at this stage whether it would pass before December. The
issue of high-level participation aside, the Ambassador
briefed the PM on the expected large U.S. delegations, from
both the Executive branch and the Congress, for COP-15. She
also suggested that Denmark's road to energy
self-sufficiency, particularly the development and
integration of renewables, offered opportunities for the
United States to learn from the Danish experience.

4. (C) Returning to Denmark's hopes for the engagement of
senior leaders in Copenhagen in December, the PM said that a
successful climate agreement is his most important issue, and
that while Environment Ministers could debate the technical
details and Ministers of Finance could seek agreement on
allocations to developing countries, only "senior political
leaders" could broker a deal at COP-15. Climate Advisor Bo
Lidegaard added that Denmark wished to work in close
collaboration with the U.S. team, and suggested that the real
challenge in the near-term was to develop a framework for an
agreement with a range of political outcomes. In this
regard, Lidegaard looked forward to his upcoming meetings in
Washington with S/E Stern.

5. (C) In a subsequent call from Lidegaard to the Ambassador,
the PM's climate change advisor noted that Rasmussen hopes
for a bilateral with POTUS on the margins of the September
MEF in Washington. Understanding the many requests for
bliateral meetings with POTUS, Lidegaard pushed for this one
so that the PM and the President can directly exchange views
on COP-15. Additionally, the U.S. Chamber of Commerce (USCC)
has invited the Danish Prime Minister to address its
conference on climate change in Washington on September 21.
Lidegaard said that the USCC meeting is a follow-on to a
similar session in Copenhagen in February to focus on
business concerns related to climate change proposals. While
the PM found the previous meeting to be helpful,
"politically," he cannot accept that invitation without a
bilateral meeting with POTUS.

------------------------
...and the U.S. Economy?
------------------------

6. (C) Turning to the global financial crisis, Prime Minister
Rasmussen asked about the outlook for the U.S. economy.
Lamenting that his government had just finalized its budget,
with the largest projected deficit (4.8 percent of GDP) since
the 1970s, Rasmussen said that Danes were all hoping for
signs of an upturn, and had followed with interest the latest
figures from the United States and Germany. "Has there been
a fundamental change?" Ambassador noted that the U.S. was
optimistic, despite our own deficit projections for 2010.
The President's decision to reappoint Bernanke for another
term as Fed Chairman had been seen in positive terms in the
U.S., and American banks had reduced restrictions on the flow
of credit. The PM noted that Denmark had weathered the
crisis, largely due to the government's move to reduce taxes,
its commitment to public investments ("half of our work force
is in the public sector"), and traditionally low unemployment
rates. Still, he said the Danish public was worried, as
evidenced by low rates of consumer spending.

-----------------
POTUS to the IOC?
-----------------

7. (C) Introducing a discussion of the late September/early
October IOC Congress in Copenhagen (which will decide the
host city for the 2016 Summer Games), the PM asked about
rumors the President will attend. The Ambassador said that
we hoped for a high profile representative to support
Chicago's bid for the Games, but that no firm decision had
been taken. After a discussion of the relative chances of
Chicago and Rio, the PM smiled and said that the President
"would be most welcome twice." "If I had a choice, I would
prefer that he come to the one in December." Responding to a
question about whether a POTUS trip to Copenhagen for the IOC
would rule out a second visit in December, the Ambassador
replied that the two events were not linked in the U.S.view,
and cautioned that the President's September calendar
included an ambitious domestic agenda.

----------------------------------------
Afghanistan, Pakistan and CT Cooperation
----------------------------------------

8. (C) On Afghanistan, PM Rasmussen praised the U.S.- Danish
cooperation in Helmand Province. He cast the President's
decision to step up U.S. troop levels as a very positive
signal, and noted that the U.S. "Af-Pak approach was very
much in line with our own thinking." The PM said his
government needed to maintain public support for its
Afghanistan policy. Referring to the high per capita
casualty rate among the Danish forces in Afghanistan, the PM
said, "we are not used to seeing young men return home in
coffins," adding that such images had a powerful
psychological effect on the Danish public. The Ambassador
congratulated the PM for the strong support of all major
political parties for Afghanistan and the new 5-year defense
plan. The PM said that Denmark's traditional consensual
approach to foreign policy contributed to continued Danish
support for the war, but he noted that the new U.S. policy in
the region was very helpful to his government in outlining
the stakes for the average Dane. The PM agreed with the
Ambassador's comment that U.S.-Denmark intelligence and
counter-terrorism cooperation was important, noting that the
post-9/11 world made such cooperation "unfortunately
important." In conclusion, the Ambassador expressed the
appreciation of the U.S. government and the American people
for Denmark's role in Afghanistan and beyond.

-----------------------------------------
Exchanges, Technology, Outreach and Youth
-----------------------------------------

9. (SBU) Invited to share her priorities for her mission in
Denmark, the Ambassador briefed the PM on the importance she
attaches to public diplomacy, outreach to Danes from all
walks of life, increasing exchanges between the United States
and Denmark using new technology, particularly between youth
and young adults, and to involving women in discussion of
global security issues. The PM welcomed the Ambassador's
agenda, and offered his support, expressing a keen interest
in expanding contact between U.S. and Danish young people,
including through web-based technologies, and identified
Education Minister Haarder as one who would be interested.

--------
Comment:
--------

10. (C) Prime Minister Lars-Lokke Rasmussen made clear he
values the U.S.-Danish relationship, and as he heads into his
first full parliamentary session as head of government, he
made equally clear that he hopes his political standing will
be bolstered by an agreement on climate change in Copenhagen
in December. If the Danes are hopeful the U.S. can deliver a
deal, they understand the challenges in the coming months,
the link between success in Copenhagen and the U.S. domestic
agenda, and the critical role that the major developing
countries have to play in the process.


FULTON
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C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 02 COPENHAGEN 000366

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E.O. 12958: DECL: 08/26/2019
TAGS: PREL, PGOV, MARR, SENV, AF, IR, DA
SUBJECT: AMBASSADOR'S MEETING WITH THE DANISH DEPUTY
FOREIGN MINISTER - DENMARK WANTS THE PRESIDENT IN
COPENHAGEN FOR COP-15

Classified By: (U) Ambassador Laurie S. Fulton,
Embassy Copenhagen,for reason 1.4 (B) and (D)

1. (C) SUMMARY: Following her meeting August 25 with
Foreign Minister Moeller (septel), the Ambassador met the
following day with MFA Permanent Secretary (de facto Deputy
Minister) Claus Grube. Grube echoed his minister's comments
on Afghanistan and Iran, but -- unlike Moeller -- he lobbied
persistently throughout a long and cordial meeting on the
importance Denmark attached to President Obama's
participation in COP-15, to be held in Copenhagen in
December. Grube said the Danes are convinced that achieving
a global deal in Copenhagen will require the direct
participation of heads of state/government, and he reiterated
that Denmark intends to launch an invitation to senior
leaders at the close of the UN summit in New York on
September 22. As had FM Moeller the previous day, Grube
stressed that public and parliamentary support for Danish
engagement in Afghanistan remains strong, but noted that
steps like the Shia Law could erode that support. He
restated Denmark's opposition to use of Federal Air Marshals
on flights to/from Copenhagen, but assured that Denmark would
welcome DHS visitors and consider their proposal attentively.
He also commented on Iran. END SUMMARY.

2. (C) COP-15: Grube stated flatly that Denmark considers
President Obama's participation in COP-15 essential for a
successful outcome. The Danes are "very happy" to see that
political momentum for a deal on climate is increasing, with
the Obama Administration providing "the main political
drive," notably through its engagement with China. The Danes
"hope very much" to be ble to invite all heads of
state/government at the close of the UN summit in New York on
September 22, believing that without their direct
participation in COP-15, it will e impossible to close the
deal. The Ambassador ssured him of the Administration's
commitment tosuccess of the climate negotiations, and
emphasied that the U.S. domestic policy agenda will be
cucial in determining the President's schedule. Sh noted
that the House of Representatives has pased a good climate
bill, but it will be more diffcult in the Senate. She
stressed that "there isstill a ways to go, but that does not
mean it cannot be done."

3. (C) Greenland: The Ambassador asked about statements
from the Greenland Self-Rule Government threatening to bolt
the Danish delegation to COP-15 unless Greenland gets special
treatment on climate change. Grube was dismissive of the
report, and replied that the Greenlanders know Denmark's
position. The Greenlanders, he said, want to be treated as a
developing country, but they do not meet the criteria in
terms of per capita GDP, and Denmark cannot allow
negotiations with Greenland to undercut its own position in
global climate negotiations.

4. (C) Afghanistan: In reply to the Ambassador's praise
for Denmark's disproportionately large role in world affairs,
Grube underscored that public and parliamentary support for
Danish engagement in Afghanistan remains strong. He
attributed this to three reasons: Danes understand why we
are there (they see Afghanistan as "the good war," in
contrast to Iraq); Danish involvement includes a large
development-assistance program focusing on primary education
and women; and the legacy of Denmark's history as an imperial
power means the people understand that great causes require
sacrifices. The Danish government, he added, was aware of a
growing debate in the UK about Afghanistan (NOTE: the Danes
work under UK command in Helmand. END NOTE.), and was trying
to prepare for the eventuality of a similar debate here.
Reiterating comments the Ambassador had heard the previous
day from the Foreign Minister, Grube said that what could
undermine support would be steps like Afghanistan's recent
"Shia Law": Danes will not sacrifice on behalf of a
government that systematically mistreats women. For now, the
concern is manageable because Danes are not naive: they
understand Afghanistan cannot jump from the 14th century to
the 21st overnight, and the Afghans are at least trying to
develop democracy, even if the people are disillusioned
("they want security and no corruption"). He praised the
courage of Afghan women, who are slowly emerging from "the
dark ages." The surprisingly intensive Danish media interest
in the Afghan elections resulted in nuanced reporting.
Regarding the Afghan elections, Grube's initial reaction was
that the Taliban had not succeeded in preventing them, and
that turnout was not unreasonably low, even if it was
disappointing in places. He hoped President Karzai and

COPENHAGEN 00000366 002 OF 002


leading challenger Abdullah Abdullah would both respect the
legal process.

5. (C) Federal Air Marshal Service: The Ambassador raised
DHS's intention to send a senior official to seek Danish
support to use U.S. Federal Air Marshals (FAMS) on U.S. flag
flights to/from Copenhagen. Grube responded that Denmark has
been opposed to the FAMS program, suggesting that pilots fear
that the risk of accidents with firearms outweighs the
threat. The Ambassador replied to this comment by noting
that there now is a long history of FAMS on U.S. flights
without such "accidents." He acknowledged that other
European countries have a different view. He also took the
Ambassador's point that we expect a large number of official
and unofficial Americans - many of them high-level - to fly
to Denmark for COP-15 (an estimated 250 from the executive
branch and 150 from the legislative branch, plus many
business executives and others). Grube assured the
Ambassador that DHS officials would be welcome and that
Denmark would be attentive to their proposal. He also
indicated that the Ministry of Justice would be the
appropriate interlocutor for DHS to engage on FAMS. He took
the opportunity to remark that the ESTA program (pre-flight
clearance for Visa Waiver travelers to the United States)
"works well and has gone down well with the Danish public."

6. (C) Iran: Grube said he had been surprised to see that
the Iranian regime was not as stable as it seemed. The
Danish embassy in Tehran is reporting difficulty in gaining
insight into the workings of the regime, which is so
"byzantine" it perplexes the Iranians themselves.

7. (C) Comment: Grube's comments on COP-15 reflect a unified
Danish government desire to see POTUS in Copenhagen in
December, and the Danes are intent on launching an invitation
to world leaders at UNGA. We need to engage early if we seek
to discourage this level of ambition.
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C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000351

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E.O. 12958: DECL: 08/14/2029
TAGS: PHUM, PGOV, PREL, BM, DA
SUBJECT: DANES STRONGLY CONDEMN AUNG SAN SUU KYI'S
CONVICTION

REF: SECSTATE 83598

Classified By: Ambassador Laurie S. Fulton, reasons 1.4 (B) and (D)

1. (U) Denmark's Ministry of Foreign Affairs issued a press
release August 11 strongly condemning the conviction of Aung
San Suu Kyi, calling her recent trial "a farce" and a clear
attempt to keep her away from 2010 elections. The press
release quoted Danish Foreign Minister Per Stig Moeller as
saying,

"The Danish Government condemns the Burmese military regime's
decision to sentence the leader of the largest opposition
party, Nobel Prize winner Aung San Suu Kyi, to prison and
continued house arrest for an act that she did not commit.

With this sentence it is clear that Aung San Suu Kyi is being
prevented from playing a role in the leadup to planned
elections in 2010. Without the participation of Aung San Suu
Kyi and other opposition politicians there can be no
discussion of an acceptable electoral process. This
arbitrary judgement against Aung San Suu Kyi is therefore a
very serious step backwards for the possibility of democracy
and national reconciliation in Burma. Denmark and the EU are
strongly engaged in promoting democratic development in Burma.

Denmark will work to see that the EU answers by toughening
sanctions against the generals and their economic interests.
We must send a clear signal to the regime that Denmark and
the EU are serious in their demand for deomcracy and national
reconciliation in Burma. At the same time we will continue
to strengthen cooperation and engagement with civil society
in Burma and continue a close dialogue with its Asian
neighbors to promote democracy, economic progress and
stability in Burma and in the broader region."

2. (C) Ambassador Fulton also raised Burma in an August 12
meeting with Danish National Security Advisor Thomas
Ahrenkiel, thanking him for the strong Danish response.
Ahrenkiel expressed frustration that EU engagement with Burma
was not producing the results that Denmark had hoped for. He
told the Ambassador that Denmark, in his words a "hardliner"
within the EU on Burma, would continue to press in Brussels
for additional sanctions against the Burmese regime.
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S E C R E T COPENHAGEN 000335

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E.O. 12958: DECL: 07/31/2034
TAGS: ETTC, KSCA, MNUC, PARM, PREL, IR, DA
SUBJECT: DANISH COMMENT ON EFFORTS BY FEDCO TO PROCURE
VIBRATION EXCITERS AND ACCELEROMETERS FROM DANISH FIRM

REF: A. STATE 77656
B. STATE 19390
C. COPENHAGEN 126

Classified By: Acting Counselor for Political/Economic Affairs Mark Dra
per for reason 1.4 (C).

1. (U) This message contains an action request in para 3.

2. (S) We discussed ref A July 30 with Danish MFA Coordinator
for Iran Sanctions Nikolaj Harris. Harris told us that MFA
had passed ref B non-paper to the Danish Security and
Intelligence Service (PET) as well as the Danish Construction
and Communication Authority, which is responsible for export
controls on dual use products. Harris explained that the
Danish firm Bruel and Kjaer has coordinated with the
appropriate Danish authorities and has neither been in
contact with nor provided any products, including vibration
exciters and accelerometers, to Farazeh Equipment Distributor
Company (FEDCO) or to its Singapore-based subsidiary,
Microsun Electronics Pte Ltd. Harris assured us that Bruel
and Kjaer would notify the proper Danish authorities if they
were approached by FEDCO, and Harris in turn undertook to
notify Embassy Copenhagen in the event of an approach.

3. (S) Action request: Harris asked whether the USG had
plans to request that vibration testing equipment be added to
the controlled items list and whether the USG would seek to
add FEDCO and Microsun Electronics to the UN sanctions list.
Please advise.
FULTON
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E.O. 12958: DECL: 05/29/2019
TAGS: PREL, PTER, NATO, TU, DA
SUBJECT: DENMARK LOOKING TO STRENGTHEN CASE AGAINST PRO-PKK
ROJ-TV

REF: COPENHAGEN 206

Classified By: Charge d'Affaires a.i. Terence McCulley, reasons 1.4 (b)
and (d)

1. (S) In recent discussions, Danish government officials and
the chief prosecutor in the case against PKK-affiliated
Roj-TV underscored their determination to address that case
according to Danish law, expressing frustration with the
evidence produced so far and unwilling to predict when the
station may be taken to court. Danish pledges to intensify
efforts against Roj-TV -- among the measures offered Turkey
for not blocking former PM Rasmussen's appointment as NATO
secretary general -- have given additional impetus to the
investigation while also prompting senior officials to tread
carefully, to avoid the appearance of a quid pro quo (i.e.,
sacrificing freedom of speech in exchange for a high-level
post). The Danes report, however, that they are pursuing
"new angles" to the case and would welcome the opportunity to
discuss them in greater detail with the anticipated U.S.
counterterrorism delegation (among these "new angles" may be
information developed through an informant and alternative
approaches on broadcasting content and tax evasion).

Denmark: No Interference with Judicial Process
--------------------------------------------- -

2. (S) Shortly after the NATO Strasbourg Summit at which
Rasmussen secured his new post over Turkish objections, PM
National Security Advisor Thomas Ahrenkiel emphasized to us
the importance of resolving the Roj-TV issue through legal
and intelligence channels. Ahrenkiel, who has stayed on as
NSA to the new prime minister, signaled that his office
wanted to avoid any suggestion of undue political pressure in
the matter, and encouraged us to work directly with the chief
prosecutor, Lise-Lotte Nilas. When pressed a few weeks later
by visiting U.S. Ambassador to NATO Kurt Volker (reftel),
Ahrenkiel acknowledged that he had not been keeping his
Turkish counterpart informed about the case, but
(reluctantly, it seemed) agreed to do so in light of growing
Turkish concerns. The PM's office and the MFA remain wary of
raising their profile on Roj-TV, concerned about the domestic
political fallout and potential damage to the case itself.

Stymied on Content, Still Looking for PKK Links
--------------------------------------------- --

3. (C) Prosecutor Nilas and Danish Security and Intelligence
Service (PET) Legal Advisor Lykke Sorensen reviewed for us
the status of the Roj-TV investigation May 20, highlighting
the case's long history and ongoing challenges. The initial
focus, they recalled, had been to investigate Turkish
complaints based on Roj-TV's broadcasting content. Twice the
Danish Radio and Television Board has ruled on the matter,
concluding -- after reviewing television footage provided by
Turkish authorities -- that Roj-TV's programming did not
incite hatred, violence or otherwise corrupt minors, as
alleged by Turkey. Rather, the Danish board ruled, most
recently in May 2007, that Roj-TV's broadcasts resemble those
of other news organizations covering violence and terrorist
acts. Sorensen noted that, otherwise, sanctions could be
similarly applied to any news outlet that covered, for
example, terrorist bombings in Iraq or news of the latest
al-Qaeda statement. Nilas noted that the recent German court
decision suspending the ban on Roj-TV there made it that much
more difficult to argue against the station on content.

4. (S) Denmark's criminal investigation of Roj-TV has
focused, meanwhile, on establishing institutional links
between the station and the PKK, especially on the financial
side. Despite the Danish police's and tax authorities' own
efforts, intelligence provided by the Turks and us,
interdictions of suspected couriers and stepped-up
cooperation with EU partners (Nilas mentioned the Belgians,
Germans and French through EUROJUST), no clear evidence has
been found to connect the broadcaster with the PKK. Roj-TV
has learned to be very careful over the years, evincing an
open and cooperative attitude toward occasional -- and
fruitless -- reviews of their books. Sorensen noted that
Danish authorities aren't even certain which way the money
flows are supposed to be going -- is Roj-TV financing the
PKK, or is it the other way around?

Communication with Turks Improving, but Expectations Differ
--------------------------------------------- --------------

5. (C) The Danes suggest that progress in the Roj-TV case has


been hampered by conceptual differences with the Turks (e.g.,
misunderstandings about what constitutes protected speech,
legal restraints on government action) and by what the Danes
perceive as lack of communication among Turkish officials.
Nilas reported that her discussions in April had been
positive, and she felt that she had made progress in
explaining to the Turks what specific evidence is needed to
advance the case in Denmark. For successful prosecution in
Denmark, the state needs to show actual incitement to acts of
terror, and not simply news or editorializing, she explained.
Sorensen reported that the Danes continue to work directly
and through their liaison officer in Ankara to break through
the stovepiping in Turkish law enforcement, but communication
remains a challenge.

6. (C) We see that the Danes and the Turks are sometimes
talking past each other, or at least speaking based on
greatly differing expectations. Senior Danish officials
seemed caught by surprise last month when we told them that
the Turks felt let down by Denmark's post-Strasbourg actions;
former PM Rasmussen even suggested that he and Turkish PM
Erdogan had put the issue entirely behind them. Similarly,
Prosecutor Nilas could not be optimistic about taking Roj-TV
to court, refusing to speculate on a time frame, while the
Turkish embassy here told us they were "certain" that
prosecution would begin within months -- supposedly based on
their discussions with Nilas and the police.

"New Angles," Warm Welcome for U.S. Team
----------------------------------------

7. (S) Nilas and Sorensen told us that the Danish authorities
are looking at "new angles" in the investigation and would be
ready to discuss these in more detail if and when another
U.S. interagency team visits Copenhagen, ideally sooner
rather than later. Sorensen suggested that she preferred to
limit these "new angles" to intelligence channels for the
time being, but she may have been referring to an informant
the police are supposedly working with, about which we have
heard some vague reports. Sorensen suggested that the Danish
government may make another run at Roj-TV on tax issues, both
in terms of possible evasion of payments and terror finance.

8. (S) Sorensen brought up another avenue that has not yet
been explored, and that is to demonstrate that the
broadcaster is consistently one-sided in its presentation of
information. Though not a criminal offense, such a finding
by the Danish Radio and TV Board could result in revocation
of the station's license. Sorensen did not elaborate on how
this might be established or whether it has ever been done
before.

9. (S) Nilas and Sorensen were enthusiastic about a possible
visit by U.S. counterterrorism officials, indicating that
they are eager to discuss strategy and review efforts to
improve coordination with Turkey. Both recognized that new,
"smoking-gun" information on Roj-TV's PKK connections was
unlikely, but they said they would be grateful -- as always
-- for any U.S. intelligence that could help the prosecution.

Comment
-------

10. (S) We are convinced that the Danes would welcome an
opportunity to take action against Roj-TV and rid themselves
of this issue once and for all. We are equally certain,
however, that they will not move without some new evidence or
approach that can shield them against charges of trading
principle for the former prime minister's career. Danish
officials are committed to reinvigorated efforts to close the
station, to renewed trilateral cooperation with us and the
Turks, but in strict accordance with Danish law. Rasmussen
and his former government maintain that President Obama
personally indicated understanding for this position at
Strasbourg, acknowledging the high political costs of an
abrupt, unjustified reversal. We recommend that we --
beginning with the upcoming visit of the S/CT-led delegation
to Copenhagen -- engage the Danes early to review possible
new lines of approach and encourage them to think creatively
about ways to disrupt or close the station, should criminal
prosecution prove unachievable in the short term.
MCCULLEY
44
2082575/22/200909COPENHAGEN238CONFIDENTIALEmbassy CopenhagenVZCZCXRO0653
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C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 02 COPENHAGEN 000238

SIPDIS

FOR H, EUR, AND EUR/NB
H PLEASE PASS TO MAJORITY LEADER HOYER
FOR MAJORITY LEADER HOYER FROM CHARGE D'AFFAIRES TERENCE P.
MCCULLEY

E.O. 12958: DECL: 05/20/2019
TAGS: PGOV, PREL, ECON, NATO, PTER, DA
SUBJECT: SCENESETTER FOR MAJORITY LEADER HOYER'S VISIT TO
COPENHAGEN

Classified By: Charge d'Affaires a.i. Terence P. McCulley, reasons 1.4b
,d

1. (SBU) Mr. Majority Leader, welcome back to Copenhagen.
Your return here is much anticipated and appreciated by the
Danes, who are eager to reaffirm close U.S.-Danish ties both
with the new administration and with the senior leadership of
the new congress. Denmark remains one of our closest allies,
and your meetings with Danish parliamentary counterparts and
government leaders will reinforce the U.S.-Danish partnership
as we work together to confront global threats to peace,
freedom, and prosperity. Your meetings with Denmark's new
prime minister and long-serving foreign minister will provide
an opportunity to thank Denmark for its unflinching
engagement in global hotspots such as Afghanistan, the
Balkans, and the Horn of Africa. Denmark's popular and
ambitious climate minister, along with your parliamentary
hosts, will be keen to hear your assessment of the prospects
for U.S. climate legislation that could set the negotiating
parameters for the United States in December's UN Climate
(COP-15) Summit, which the Danes will host in Copenhagen.
And, finally, all of your interlocutors will be interested in
your views on how the U.S. and Europe can work together to
encourage global economic recovery. As you know, the Danes
are absolutely committed to sustained, active engagement to
meet these challenges in cooperation with us.

A Steady Partner in the Wider World
-----------------------------------

2. (SBU) Denmark's commitment can be seen in its many
overseas deployments, from its naval vessels on patrol off
the Horn of Africa, to its peacekeeping forces in Kosovo and
its battle-hardened troops engaging the Taliban in
Afghanistan's southern Helmand province. Danish intelligence
and security services work hand in hand with ours in
combating al-Qaeda at home and abroad. A world leader in
alternative energy technology, Danish firms are at the
forefront of developments in wind power and biofuels,
strengthening Denmark's "green" credentials as it prepares to
host the UN Climate Summit (COP-15) in December 2009. Denmark
contributes 0.8 percent of its GDP in development and
humanitarian aid, mostly to Africa but also to Afghanistan,
Iraq, and the Palestinian territories.

3. (SBU) Having just taken office in April following former
Prime Minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen's selection as NATO's
next secretary general, new Danish Prime Minister Lars Lokke
Rasmussen presides over a thin majority but with a commanding
position against a subdued center-left opposition. Although
the Danish economy experienced a healthy expansion in recent
years, it, too, now is feeling the effects of the global
economic crisis -- unemployment is up, exports are down, and
the Danes also debate policy options among themselves and
with EU partners as they work to provide policy and financial
assistance to ailing neighbors like Iceland and Latvia. And
while the international financial crisis draws most of the
government's attention at home, Denmark is not without other
domestic problems -- among them the challenges of a
multicultural society. Strained relations with its
200,000-strong Muslim immigrant population were highlighted
during the 2006 cartoon crisis and again last year when some
of those drawings were reprinted here.

4. (SBU) However, even amid the global financial turmoil, the
Danes have managed to maintain focus and domestic consensus
on a broader foreign policy agenda that includes Afghanistan,
the future of European security, Mid-East peace, and emerging
threats as diverse as terrorism, piracy, and climate change.
In the Danes you will find committed Atlanticists, convinced
of the primacy of NATO (while looking to eliminate Denmark's
EU "opt-outs" on defense, justice and the euro as soon as
possible) but concerned about the Alliance's ability to meet
new and ongoing challenges. Although they continue to
distinguish themselves through their engagement in critical
missions, the Danes have allowed their investments in defense
to flag (now below 1.3 percent of GDP), with little public
support for reversing that trend. Denmark will this fall
choose a replacement for its current F-16 fleet, with either
Lockheed Martin's JSF or the Boeing F-18 Super Hornet widely
expected to best Sweden's Gripen fighter.

5. (C) The Danish deployment in Afghanistan enjoys broad
parliamentary backing and public support, but the Danes
remain troubled by the difficulties of securing greater --
and more flexible -- contributions from Allies and what this
means for the future of NATO. The foreign minister and prime

COPENHAGEN 00000238 002 OF 002


minister will no doubt brief you on their desire to encourage
greater "solidarity" among Alliance members in Afghanistan.
FM Moller visited Afghanistan in late November of last year,
highlighting his skepticism of political engagement with
Taliban leaders and predicting publicly that Danish forces
will be present there for another 4-5 years. In the
meantime, the Danes, like everyone else, watch with alarm
developments in Pakistan, and have offered modest financial
and other assistance to Islamabad.

6. (C) Denmark itself is on the front lines of the battle
against extremism and terror in Europe, and the Danes are
working closely with us to disrupt nascent terror cells and
promote better integration of immigrant communities. Danish
authorities have made a number of high-profile arrests in the
past two years, including one with direct links to al-Qaeda
and on which we cooperated closely. Denmark has a mixed
record on prosecutions and we are now providing them with
assistance in this area as well. Although the
cartoons/freedom of expression issue remains something of a
blind spot for the Danes, there are signs of an evolution in
public opinion here; a 2008 poll showed majorities approving
of the cartoon's original publication but disapproving of
their re-publication.

Eager to Look Ahead
-------------------

7. (SBU) Naturally, your Danish interlocutors are keenly
interested in our new administration and congress and will
welcome your insights into high-priority agenda items for us
over the next year. The Danes will certainly highlight their
hosting of the UN COP-15 meeting here next December, which
they hope will approve a new global climate change treaty and
solidify Danish credentials as a leader in renewable energy.
Danish Climate Minister Connie Hedegaard was recently named
one of Time magazine's 100 most influential global leaders
for her active and ambitious engagement on climate issues.
Hedegaard has made numerous trips to Washington over the past
two years to begin setting the agenda for COP-15 and to press
for aggressive U.S. action in reaching a new post-Kyoto
agreement. She has also hosted a significant number of your
House and Senate colleagues (including Speaker Pelosi) in
Greenland for climate policy-related visits.

8. (SBU) In addition to expressing appreciation for all
Denmark has done -- especially in Afghanistan -- your
meetings are an excellent opportunity to reassure the Danes
that the new administration and congress are committed to
working closely with European partners, particularly those
such as Denmark who remain dedicated to active engagement on
global challenges. Long among the most pro-American allies
in Europe, the Danes approach the new U.S. administration
with a mixture of anticipation and trepidation, hopeful about
new opportunities and a freshening of the relationship, but
also concerned about maintaining a privileged position
despite their relatively small size. Ultimately, such
concerns will be addressed in time, but your visit offers an
important opportunity to reaffirm in strong terms the
enduring affection and strategic partnership between our two
nations.

9. (SBU) Mr. Majority Leader, I look forward to welcoming you
here next week. Sincerely, Terry McCulley.
MCCULLEY
45
2075415/18/200909COPENHAGEN228CONFIDENTIALEmbassy Copenhagen09SECSTATE48487VZCZCXRO7001
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SIPDIS

FOR WHA/CCA (ZAMBRANO)

E.O. 12958: DECL: 05/18/2018
TAGS: ETRD, ETTC, PREL, CU, DA
SUBJECT: REVIEW OF DENMARK FOR SUSPENSION OF TITLE III OF
THE LIBERTAD ACT

REF: SECSTATE 48487

Classified By: Charge d'Affaires Terence P. McCulley, reasons 1.4 (b) a
nd (d)

1. (C) Summary. We spoke May 18 with MFA Team Leader for
Latin America Kit Clausen, who assured us that Denmark
remains vocal in both bilateral and EU fora in pressing for
democracy and human rights in Cuba. While Denmark supports
dialogue with Havana, they insist that any dialogue be
critical and support full Cuban implementation of political
and human rights agreements and conventions. Paras below are
keyed to questions provided reftel. End Summary.

2. (C) Denmark works actively to promote the advancement of
democracy and human rights in Cuba. Denmark has been active
within the EU, as well as in bilateral discussions with
countries within the region, in insisting that dialogue with
Cuba go hand-in-hand with criticism of regime abuses and
support for political rights.

3. (U) There have been no high-level diplomatic visits
between Cuba and Denmark in the past six months.

4. (U) Danish business and investment activity in Cuba is
limited. There is no direct investment. Trade consists of
imports and exports. 2007 figures indicate approximately 160
million DKK ($29million) in exports, primarily in dairy
products and pharmaceuticals, and 150 million DKK
($27million) in imports, primarily in oil and oil products.

5. (U) There are no bilateral trade or other cooperative
agreements between Denmark and Cuba.

6. (U) There are no Danish government-sponsored exchange
programs with Cuba, though some Danish universities (like the
University of Copenhagen) do have institution-to-institution
exchanges.
MCCULLEY
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PP RUEHWEB

DE RUEHCP #0206/01 1240745
ZNY SSSSS ZZH
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FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 4928
INFO RUEHXP/ALL NATO POST COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
RUEKJCS/JOINT STAFF WASHDC PRIORITY
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHINGTON DC PRIORITY
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC PRIORITY
S E C R E T COPENHAGEN 000206

NOFORN
SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 05/01/2019
TAGS: PREL, NATO, MOPS, DA
SUBJECT: NATO SYG-DESIGNATE EAGER TO BEGIN NEEDED REFORMS

Classified By: Charge Terence McCulley, reasons 1.4b,d

1.(C) Summary: In a two-hour working luncheon April 30 with
visiting U.S. Ambassador to NATO Kurt Volker, former Danish
Prime Minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen underscored his
determination to reform the NATO Alliance as its next
Secretary General and transform it into a more dynamic and
effective organization. Rasmussen reviewed his thinking on
the new Strategic Concept, headquarters reform and staffing,
early implementation of Strasbourg Summit decisions and
efforts to strengthen NATO's public diplomacy. Ambassador
Volker indicated full U.S. support for aggressive reform,
urging the SYG-designate to be bold in his approach.
Rasmussen emphasized the need for confirmation of greater SYG
control over resources and staff in order to effect such
reforms. With Rasmussen and separately with Danish
officials, Ambassador Volker reviewed Turkish concerns about
Rasmussen's appointment. End summary.

2. (C) NATO Secretary General-designate Rasmussen conveyed
his appreciation to President Obama and General Jones for
U.S. support of his candidacy, acknowledging its challenges
but also emphasizing his personal dedication to the
transatlantic relationship. Rasmussen signaled that he is
already at work on his transition, with a small office at the
Danish MFA and ongoing informal consultations (including with
current Secretary General Jaap de Hoop Scheffer on May 4).
Throughout the conversation, Rasmussen made clear that he is
keen to get to work and that he intends to move decisively to
reinvigorate NATO.

3. (C) Rasmussen indicated that he had given considerable
thought to the process for the new Strategic Concept, but
remained uncertain about how to proceed, especially in this
transition period. He told Ambassador Volker that he thought
the experts group should be about 10-12 members, but
acknowledged that getting the composition right would be
challenging (Rasmussen said that he had already been besieged
with proposed candidates). Ambassador Volker urged Rasmussen
to act on his instincts to move quickly and to work with Jaap
to establish the experts group now, to allow for
participation in seminars and discussions from June onwards.
The U.S. favors an ambitious Strategic Concept, for which it
will take time to build consensus, Ambassador Volker noted;
this argues for getting started as quickly as possible.
Rasmussen indicated that he would raise this with Jaap the
following week and would be prepared to discuss the Strategic
Concept further with General Jones at the end of May in
Washington.

4. (S/NF) Current Danish Ambassador to Turkey Jesper Vahr, a
previous MFA security policy head with NATO experience, will
head the Private Office, Rasmussen informed us, suggesting
that Vahr's Turkish connections could also prove helpful in
that role. Ambassador Volker discussed the possibility of
restoring the American deputy director position to its
previous status as senior deputy, and offered to share the
names and biographies of our proposed candidates for that
position. Rasmussen suggested that we do so directly with
Vahr. Ambassador Volker briefed Rasmussen on the
intelligence support we have provided previous Secretaries
General and offered the same for him, which Rasmussen readily
and gratefully accepted.

5. (C) Ambassador Volker explained that the U.S. has become
frustrated with the pace of decision-making and the
inefficiency of discussions within NATO. The Obama
administration will offer its full support for as much reform
as he can manage, Ambassador Volker told Rasmussen, arguing
that the new SYG should break patterns and not simply do
things the way they have always been done in Brussels.
Rasmussen reported that he had reviewed accounts of recent
council meetings and was disappointed to see how much time
and effort were evidently wasted. This has to change, he
agreed. Ambassador Volker reviewed some ideas under
discussion to improve the NAC, including more focused
agendas, assignment of lead speakers and an end to the
practice of everyone speaking in turn for a few minutes each.
The SYG sets the agenda, Ambassador Volker emphasized, and
encouraged Rasmussen to promote active, engaged discussion,
working more as a moderator than as an official who simply
presides over the meetings. Rasmussen indicated that he
intends to do just that, and will think about ways to
implement these changes without causing undue consternation
among some allies.

6. (C) Rasmussen emphasized that his reforms will depend on
securing unfettered authority to reallocate resources and
staff within NATO, and hoped that the June defense
ministerial could confirm this. Ambassador Volker suggested
that some allies might object to this being a defense
ministers' decision alone and that Rasmussen might call on
his former head of government colleagues to ensure that he
gets the authority he needs. Rasmussen also suggested that
he would like to see more ministerials and summits, provided
that he can ensure that they are more efficient and worth the
participants' time. Ambassador Volker commented that one
would be hard pressed to find a more pro-NATO group than the
Obama administration, but he suspected that even the current
Secretaries of State and Defense would need to be convinced
that there had been real changes to warrant more frequent
meetings at that level.

7. (C) Another priority for the next SYG will have to be
strategic communications, Ambassador Volker said, noting that
NATO does a poor job of selling itself even to its own
publics and cannot keep pace with day-to-day developments in
the media. Rasmussen was enthusiastic in his response,
suggesting that this an area in which he also intends to make
a dramatic difference. The NATO Secretary General should be
much more visible, he said, and should take a leading role in
public debate on issues concerning the Alliance. Rasmussen
pointed to Denmark's funding of NATO television as an
indication of his (previous) government's interest in this
regard, and agreed that NATO needs additional staff and
resources devoted to strategic communication.

8. (C) Rasmussen observed that overcoming Turkish opposition
to his appointment had been difficult, but reported that he
had met with Turkish PM Erdogan two days after the NATO
Summit and that there no longer any issues between them.
Ambassador Volker explained that we had heard complaints from
the Turks on a number of issues related to follow-through on
the discussions at Strasbourg, including Roj-TV, NATO ASG and
flag officer positions, and Rasmussen's public remarks in
Istanbul. Rasmussen allowed that he had not been in touch
with Turks recently, but both he and PM national security
advisor Thomas Ahrenkiel (in a separate conversation)
maintained that these issues are being addressed. Ahrenkiel
acknowledged that he should follow up quietly with his
Turkish counterpart.

9. (C) On Roj-TV, both Rasmussen and Ahrenkiel said that
action must remain within law enforcement and intelligence
channels, and welcomed the proposed visit of S/CT officials
to Copenhagen review the case and discuss strategy.
Rasmussen noted that President Obama had indicated to him
clear understanding for Denmark's position that it must
follow its own laws in the matter. Regarding NATO
appointments, the Assistant Secretary General position would
have to wait until Rasmussen is in place, but it could be
helpful if the U.S. were to propose the slot, Rasmussen said.
On the flag officer billet, Ambassador Volker confirmed that
we have already offered the Turks a one-star position through
military channels. Rasmussen noted that his speech at the
Istanbul Alliance of Civilizations event (praised by both the
Turkish MFA spokesman and the Turkish ambassador to NATO) had
been unfortunately cut short by the event organizers and was
never delivered in full.

10. (C) Comment: Former PM Rasmussen's conversation with
Ambassador Volker suggests that we have an energetic,
reform-oriented partner in the next NATO secretary general
and it is important to engage him early in his preparations
to take office. We recommend that in addition to NSA Jones,
Rasmussen also meet with Secretaries Clinton and Gates during
his May 26-27 visit to Washington. These early discussions
in Copenhagen confirm our view that Rasmussen will not
hesitate to use his considerable political skills and stature
as a former head of government to make NATO into a more
efficient, capable and respected organization.

11. (U) This message has been cleared by Ambassador Volker.

MCCULLEY
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INFO RUEHZG/NATO EU COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC PRIORITY
RHEHAAA/WHITE HOUSE WASHDC PRIORITY
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000168

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 04/06/2019
TAGS: PGOV, PREL, NATO, EU, DA
SUBJECT: DENMARK'S NEW PRIME MINISTER

Classified By: CDA, a.i. Terence McCulley, reasons 1.4b,d

1. (C) Summary: A scant 72 hours after formally declaring his
candidacy for NATO Secretary General, Danish Prime Minister
Anders Fogh Rasmussen, his new post in hand, stepped down as
prime minister April 5 in favor of his hand-picked successor,
44-year-old Finance Minister Lars Lokke Rasmussen. Lars
Lokke immediately assumed office and now confronts a
deepening recession, unfavorable comparisons with his
imposing predecessor and a resurgent -- if still relatively
powerless -- opposition. With elections not mandated until
late 2011, these next months and years will be rebuilding
ones for Lars Lokke and his government, marked by efforts to
freshen, but essentially sustain current approaches,
especially in foreign policy. A brief biographic summary for
the new prime minister is at paragraph 10. End summary.

PM Transition: That Was Fast
----------------------------

2. (SBU) Although Anders Fogh Rasmussen's interest in the
NATO position had been widely known (albeit unconfirmed) for
months, the prime minister's appointment to the post and his
subsequent resignation came suddenly over the weekend of
April 4-5. Wasting little time after his selection at the
close of the Strasbourg Summit, Anders Fogh returned to
Copenhagen, and, in the following day, said goodbye to his
staff, consulted his coalition partners, submitted his
resignation and presented his successor to the Danish queen
for appointment. By Sunday afternoon, Denmark had abruptly
but seemlessly transitioned from one prime minister named
Rasmussen to another.

3. (SBU) Denmark's political system allows for such transfers
of power without new elections or parliamentary action,
provided that there is no parliamentary majority opposing the
new prime minister. With a thin but reliable majority
backing the Liberal-Conservative coalition government,
supported by the Danish Peoples' Party and the Liberal
Alliance, Lars Lokke can expect to serve out the remainder of
the current government's term. The government can call new
elections at any time, but they must take place no later than
November 2011.

4. (SBU) In brief remarks after his appointment, the new
prime minister emphasized broad continuity in policy,
declared himself humbled, and pledged to "work very hard."
On foreign policy, Lars Lokke said he views Anders Fogh's
appointment as NATO Secretary General as a measure of the
success of his policies, which he will maintain. His team
has signaled that Lars Lokke will move quickly to name his
own replacement as finance minister and to fill the welfare
minister position vacated last week, but a more ambitious
cabinet reshuffle will not happen until later in the year.

Hard Road Ahead for Lars Lokke
------------------------------

5. (C) Lars Lokke Rasmussen has ample reason to stress his
humility and industry to the Danish public. Anders Fogh
Rasmussen, who won three national elections and dominated
Danish political life for the past eight years, would be a
hard act to follow in any case. The challenges facing the
new prime minister are especially great, however, handicapped
as he is by an evident lack of gravitas and taking over as
the Danish economy sinks more deeply into recession. His
public standing battered over the past year by allegations of
public expense account abuse (especially unfortunate in a
society renowned for its lack of public corruption), Lars
Lokke is widely viewed as an intelligent, capable official
but -- according to all surveys -- not the Danish public's
first or even second choice to lead the country.

6. (C) Moreover, as outgoing finance minister, Lars Lokke is
personally identified with the current economic crisis and
stands to suffer particularly badly if the situation in
Denmark worsens, as most experts forecast. Although the
Danish economy has so far gotten off lightly compared to
others, unemployment is predicted to more than double by next
year. When that happens, Lars Lokke may be called to account
for the Danish government's modest response -- a small
stimulus and some tax reform -- and find himself unable to
shift responsibility to anyone else.

7. (C) Recent opinion surveys indicate that the Danish public
has anticipated the change in leadership, and the verdict is
not positive for the government. Even before Anders Fogh's
departure, the center-left parties have vaulted in the polls
to a solid combined parliamentary majority, reflecting
concern about the economy, fatigue after eight years in
office for the current government, and greater coordination
among the potential center-left coalition partners. Having
come close in November 2007, the opposition is delighted with
Anders Fogh's departure and now views victory in the next
elections as all but inevitable. Fortunately for the new
prime minister, though, the timing of the next elections
rests with the government and not with poll results, however
unfavorable.

8. (C) Liberal Party leaders tell us privately that they
recognize Lars Lokke's shortcomings, but expect that his
stature will naturally rise once in office and that Danes
will quickly embrace him as a leader. One cautioned against
making too much of the contrast in style between Anders Fogh
and Lars Lokke, arguing that the down-to-earth, gregarious
Lars Lokke is more in keeping with Danish political tradition
than the reserved Anders Fogh. It also helps Lars Lokke to
mark some change from his predecessors (hence the expectation
of a major cabinet reshuffle), at a time when voters are
apparently ready for change.

Partnership with U.S. Intact
----------------------------

9. (C) Continuity may not be exciting or help advance the
government's efforts to revitalize itself politically, but
here United States interests are most definitely served. Lars
Lokke Rasmussen lacks significant foreign policy experience
and can be expected to hew closely to what has, in his words,
worked well so far. All indications are that the government
will sustain its key policies of active engagement in concert
with us and European allies, including in priority missions
such as in Afghanistan and in Kosovo. Changes in the foreign
and defense portfolios are not expected in the short term,
and we anticipate that the new prime minister will rely
heavily on those steady hands.

Biographic Summary
------------------

10. (SBU) Biographic summary: Lars Lokke Rasmussen has
served as Danish cabinet minister twice (Minister of Finance
2007-present, Minister of Interior and Health 2001-2007),
vice-chairman of the Liberal Party (since 1998) and as a
local mayor (1998-2000). Born May 15, 1964 in Vejle
(Jutland), Rasmussen holds a master's degree in law from the
University of Copenhagen. PM Anders Fogh Rasmussen's loyal
number two within the party and a close ally in government,
Lars Lokke is viewed as a sharp political strategist in his
own right, albeit less formal and more outgoing than his
patron. He is married to Solrun Lokke Jakupsdottir
(Rasmussen), who hails from Denmark's Faroes Islands. Lars
Lokke is a former International Visitor Program grantee
(1989) and speaks fluent English.
MCCULLEY
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TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 4878
INFO RUCNAFG/AFGHANISTAN COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
RUEHIL/AMEMBASSY ISLAMABAD PRIORITY 0797
RUEHBUL/AMEMBASSY KABUL PRIORITY 0081
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000154

SIPDIS

STATE FOR SCA/A REOTT, EUR/PM COPE, EUR/ERA WEIDFIELD

E.O. 12958: DECL: 03/27/2019
TAGS: PREL, NATO, MARR, MOPS, EAID, AF, PK, DA
SUBJECT: DENMARK WELCOMES U.S. AFGHANISTAN/PAKISTAN
CONCLUSIONS

REF: A. STATE 28929
B. STATE 29482

Classified By: Charge Terence McCulley, reasons 1.4b,d

1. (C) Danish officials responded positively to reftel
messages on the outcome of our Afghanistan/Pakistan policy
review, highlighting broad agreement with our approach,
welcoming our renewed commitments and expressing gratitude
for previewing the message in advance of President Obama's
public announcement. A/DCM shared our messages with Danish
MFA Head of Department for Asia and Latin America Martin
Hermann and Head of Security Policy Lone Wisborg, who had
previously provided detailed input for use in the policy
review and who noted with satisfaction the many commonalities
between their views and the final U.S. conclusions.

2. (C) Charge delivered the Ref (B) white paper March 27 to
Thomas Ahrenkiel, Danish Prime Minister Rasmussen's national
security advisor, who likewise expressed gratitude for our
openness and collaboration with Denmark in conducting this
review. Ahrenkiel noted that PM Rasmussen had briefed the
parliamentary foreign policy committee earlier that day and
underscored how closely the U.S, had worked with Denmark and
other Allies on this review. Ahrenkiel welcomed our emphasis
on developing local and provincial capacity, government
reform, and a better balance between military and civilian
efforts. On Pakistan, Ahrenkiel allowed that Denmark was
still weighing whether to participate in the Tokyo donors
conference but reported that PM Rasmussen had recently become
personally engaged and a Danish role now seemed more probable.
MCCULLEY
49
1975153/18/200909COPENHAGEN138CONFIDENTIALEmbassy Copenhagen09STATE23758R 181321Z MAR 09
FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO SECSTATE WASHDC 4861
INFO EU MEMBER STATES
DEPT OF TREASURY WASHDC
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000138


SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 03/16/2019
TAGS: ECIN, ECON, EFIN, PREL, EU, DA
SUBJECT: DENMARK: DEMARCHE ON EFFECTS OF THE FINANCIAL
CRISIS IN CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE

REF: STATE 23758

Classified By: Acting DCM Bill Mozdzierz. Reason: 1.4 (b) and (d).

1. (C) We discussed reftel points on March 16 with Jens
Godtfredsen, chief of the MFA's EU Economic Policy office,
and on March 17 with Steen Lohmann Poulsen, Head of the
International Division at the Ministry of Finance. With both
interlocutors, we urged European leadership and proactive
flexible approaches to address the financial turmoil in some
Central and Eastern European countries. Godtfredsen and
Poulsen agreed with our points regarding rejection of
protectionism, and emphasized that Denmark believes this to
be particularly important in the banking sector context.
Both interlocutors defended the approach of EU member states
to deal with the economic downturn through national measures
that reflect each country's unique circumstances, needs, and
capacities. The MFA's Godtfredsen accepted our point that
the EU needs to act more proactively, particularly in
addressing vulnerabilities in certain Central and Eastern
European countries, and noted that this is a topic of ongoing
discussions among member states in Brussels. He pointed out
that Denmark had moved quickly in recent months to join with
other Nordic countries and the IMF to stabilize financial
sectors in Iceland and the Baltics.

2. (C) In reply to our suggestion regarding EU expansion of
assistance beyond the 25 billion euro Balance of Payments
facility, the Finance Ministry's Poulsen stated that there is
broad consensus among member states that the facility is
sufficient and that changes are not necessary at the present
time. What is necessary, he averred, is economic policy
changes by certain Central and European nations that had
blithely ignored EU and OECD advice and are now suffering the
consequences of their "reckless" policies. He cited Latvia
and Hungary as examples of countries that had previously
followed "disastrous" economic policies but have since taken
significant but painful policy measures to reverse course.
Poulsen expressed polite chagrin that Denmark has been
excluded from G-20 consultations and claimed that Spain and
the Netherlands were somehow able to finagle a seat at the
G-20 table even though they are not members. Poulsen
suggested that if the G-20 format were to be expanded, even
on a de facto basis, the Nordic/Baltic region should be
represented.


MCCULLEY
50
1972973/17/200909COPENHAGEN136CONFIDENTIALEmbassy Copenhagen09STATE24367VZCZCXYZ0022
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FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 4860
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RUEHIL/AMEMBASSY ISLAMABAD 0796
RUEHKO/AMEMBASSY TOKYO 0470
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000136

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 03/17/2019
TAGS: EAID, PREL, ECON, EFIN, PK, DA
SUBJECT: DANES WEIGHING PAKISTAN AID

REF: STATE 24367

Classified By: Bill Mozdzierz, Acting DCM, reasons 1.4b,d

1. (C) Acting DCM delivered reftel demarche on the Pakistan
donors conference to Danish MFA Head of Department Jesper
Thomsen March 17, urging high-level participation and a
robust contribution at the April 17 conference. A/DCM noted
that the conference had been flagged as a top priority by
senior U.S. officials, including Ambassador Holbrooke, during
Danish Foreign Minister Per Stig Moller's meetings in
Washington the previous week.

2. (C) Thomsen explained that the Danish government has not
yet made a decision on new aid for Pakistan, nor whether
Denmark will become a formal member of the Friends of
Democratic Pakistan group. The Danish government recognizes
Pakistan as absolutely critical, Thomsen maintained, not
least of all because of Afghanistan (where Denmark has some
700 troops deployed with ISAF), but the MFA has met
resistance to expanding aid outside the government's targeted
"program countries" in Africa. Thomsen reported that FM
Moller is deeply engaged in this debate and hopes to prevail,
but could offer no further assurances for now.

3. (C) Separately, A/DCM reviewed the need for increased aid
to Pakistan with Danish parliamentary foreign policy
committee chair Gitte Lillelund Bech, who recently visited
Islamabad with members of her committee. Bech readily agreed
about Pakistan's strategic importance, but provided a similar
account of the ongoing debate within her party and the
government on international development assistance priorities.
MCCULLEY
51
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INFO RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC PRIORITY
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000127

NOFORN
SIPDIS

FOR THE SECRETARY FROM CHARGE MCCULLEY

E.O. 12958: DECL: 03/05/2019
TAGS: PREL, PGOV, MARR, NATO, EU, DA
SUBJECT: YOUR MEETING WITH DANISH FM MOLLER MARCH 13

Classified By: Charge d'Affaires, a.i. Terence McCulley, Embassy Copenh
agen, reasons 1.4 b and d

1. (C) Madam Secretary, your predecessors have known Danish
Foreign Minister Per Stig Moller as a good colleague and a
capable representative of one of our closest allies in
Europe. Your first bilateral meeting with Per Stig will
signal our appreciation for Danish contributions to
international security and underscore our interest in
strengthening already-significant cooperation to confront
global challenges. The Danes are absolutely committed to
sustained, active engagement in the wider world, and they are
looking forward to working closely with you and President
Obama to make our common efforts as effective as possible.

A Steady Partner
----------------

2. (C) Denmark's commitment can be seen in its many overseas
deployments, from its naval vessels on patrol off the Horn of
Africa, to its peacekeeping forces in Kosovo and its
battle-hardened troops engaging the Taliban in Afghanistan's
southern Helmand province. Danish intelligence and security
services work hand in hand with ours in combating al-Qaeda at
home and abroad. A world leader in alternative energy
technology, Danish firms are at the forefront of developments
in wind power and biofuels, strengthening Denmark's "green"
credentials as it prepares to host the UN Climate Summit
(COP-15) in December 2009. Denmark contributes 0.8 percent of
its GDP in development and humanitarian aid, mostly to Africa
but also to Afghanistan, Iraq, and the Palestinian
territories.

3. (C) Re-elected to a third term last year, the Anders Fogh
Rasmussen-led government presides over a thin majority but
with a commanding position against a lackluster and
frustrated opposition. The Danish economy has so far fared
better than most in the current global economic crisis,
having undergone a healthy, trade-fueled expansion in recent
years that drove unemployment to record lows and put the
government within sight of wiping out the Danish public debt
altogether. Denmark is not without its problems -- among
them the challenges of a multicultural society. Strained
relations with its 200,000-strong Muslim immigrant population
were highlighted during the 2006 cartoon crisis and have been
exacerbated by the ongoing economic slowdown.

4. (C) Denmark itself is on the front lines of the battle
against Islamic extremism and terror in Europe, and the Danes
are working closely with us to disrupt nascent terror cells
and promote better integration of immigrant communities.
Danish authorities have made a number of high-profile arrests
in the past two years, including one with direct links to
al-Qaeda and on which we cooperated closely. Denmark has a
mixed record on prosecutions and we are now providing them
with assistance in this area as well. Although the
cartoons/freedom of expression issue remains something of a
blind spot for the Danes, there are signs of an evolution in
public opinion here; a poll last year showed majorities
approving of the cartoon's original publication but
disapproving of a more recent reprinting.

Moller's Agenda
---------------

5. (C) FM Moller's intense interest in an early meeting with
you reflects both his desire to highlight his American ties
for domestic advantage (although Per Stig no longer plays a
major role in party politics) and the Danish government's
enthusiasm for engaging our new administration. Something of
an academic by nature even after eight years as foreign
minister, Moller may seek from you a big-picture perspective
on the Obama administration's goals and projections for
near-term progress. We understand from our discussions with
the Danish MFA that FM Moller has an ambitious agenda for
your meeting, indicative of Denmark's global perspective, but
rather more than can be covered effectively in a single
encounter.

-- Afghanistan/Pakistan: With its 750-strong contingent in
Afghanistan committed for the long haul, the Danes welcome
our rededication to the ISAF mission and have offered useful
input into our ongoing policy review. The Danish deployment
enjoys broad parliamentary backing and public support, but
the Danes remain troubled by slow progress and the lack of
greater support from some Allies. Moller and others have
expressed support for our renewed emphasis on what they term
a "comprehensive approach" to the Taliban challenge
(coordinated military and civilian efforts, empowerment of
Afghan forces) and a recognition of Afghanistan and Pakistan
as a single strategic theater.

-- Russia: Per Stig will look to compare notes with you,
having met Russian FM Lavrov just a week before you did.
Moller's staff report that they found Lavrov markedly more
open and cooperative than in previous encounters, which they
attributed to positive signals coming from Washington and the
humbling impact of the economic crisis. Danish officials
maintain a healthy skepticism toward the Russians, but have
welcomed our calls for a fresh start in relations with Russia
where possible, particularly regarding Iran and strategic
arms talks.

-- Middle East, Iran: Moller maintains a keen interest in the
region, and will welcome hearing from you about U.S. strategy
and the prospects for progress in the peace process. Per
Stig has long advocated for greater engagement with Syria,
both to advance the peace process and diminish Iranian
influence. Denmark has traditionally been a strong
supporter of maintaining a firm line on Iran, on
non-proliferation, human rights and terrorism grounds, but we
expect that Moller will welcome our interest in cautiously
engaging Tehran on Afghanistan and other issues.

-- NATO Summit and Transatlantic Relations: In the Danes,
you will find committed Atlanticists, convinced of the
primacy of NATO (while looking to eliminate Denmark's EU
"opt-outs" on defense, justice and the euro) but concerned
about the Alliance's ability to meet new and ongoing
challenges. Per Stig may seek to exchange views on agendas
for the upcoming NATO and U.S.-EU summits, and could sound
you out about the NATO Secretary General race, with Danish PM
Anders Fogh Rasmussen among the leading (but undeclared)
candidates.

-- Climate Change and Energy: FM Moller is sure to highlight
Denmark's hosting of the UN COP-15 meeting here this
December, which the Danes hope will approve a new global
climate change treaty and solidify Danish credentials as a
leader in renewable energy. Moller may seek some signal from
you about likely U.S. participation at the COP-15 event and
ask about the prospects for Congressional action and other
developments that could strengthen American leadership toward
a global agreement.

-- Among the other topics FM Moller may raise are joint
efforts to combat high-seas piracy in the Gulf of Aden, a
growing problem for Danish and international shipping there,
and Denmark's upcoming mandate as head of the Arctic Council.
Per Stig organized a special ministerial meeting in
Greenland last May to reduce tensions among the Arctic powers
over polar claims, and the Arctic remains a special interest
of his.

6. (C) Madam Secretary, you will find in Foreign Minister
Moller a friendly colleague who recognizes the potential of
even a small European country to make outsized contributions,
if working in tandem with close allies such as us. I
encourage you to acknowledge Denmark's efforts -- in
Afghanistan, on human rights globally and in promoting
agreement on climate change -- and signal your openness to
close collaboration with the Danish government and Per Stig
personally. Like any small state, Denmark picks its battles
carefully and sometimes follows EU consensus while privately
joining us in a different view. I am convinced that the
promise of closer consultations can go along way toward
encouraging the Danes to assume a higher profile within the
EU and NATO on issues of importance to us, and make this
strong partnership even better.
MCCULLEY
52
1957033/6/200909COPENHAGEN126SECRETEmbassy Copenhagen09STATE19390R 061502Z MAR 09
FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO SECSTATE WASHDC 4846
INFO AMEMBASSY KUALA LUMPUR
S E C R E T COPENHAGEN 000126


FOR ISN/MTR - JOHN PAUL HERMANN, EUR/PRA, AND
EUR/NB

E.O. 12958: DECL: 03/06/2019
TAGS: PARM, PREL, ETTC, MNUC, TSPA, DA

SUBJECT: (S) IRANIAN PROCUREMENT ENTITY SEEKS DANISH
VIBRATION TESTING EQUIPMENT

REF: STATE 19390

Classified By: A/DCM William Mozdzierz for reasons 1.4 (b), (d), and (h
).

(S) We discussed reftel non-paper on March 6 with Nikolaj
Harris, Danish MFA coordinator for Iran sanctions, and
encouraged the Danish Government to take all appropriate
measures to ensure that Bruel and Kjaer and other Danish
firms are not acting, even unwittingly, as suppliers to FEDCO
and affiliates. Harris said that he would discuss our
information with appropriate authorities and inform us of
their findings. He asked whether the USG would seek to add
the vibration testing equipment in question to the MTCR
controlled item list. Post would appreciate Department
guidance on a response to Harris' questions.
MCCULLEY


NNNN




End Cable Text
53
1951903/4/200909COPENHAGEN117CONFIDENTIALEmbassy CopenhagenVZCZCXYZ0002
PP RUEHWEB

DE RUEHCP #0117 0631424
ZNY CCCCC ZZH (CCY FIXED PARA AD039C7B7 WSE8661 508)
P 041424Z MAR 09 ZDS
FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 4836
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000117

C O R R E C T E D C O P Y - PARAGRAPH 3 CLASSIFICATION MARKING

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 03/04/2018
TAGS: PGOV, PREL, BM, DA
SUBJECT: DANES REVIEW BURMA POLICY

1. (U) Summary. Poloff met March 3 with Kasper Olsen, MFA's
head of section for Southeast Asia, to discuss Danish policy
towards Burma. Denmark is completing a policy review in
anticipation of the EU Commission's annual meeting on Burma
in April. Denmark's review, to be finalized this week,
continues to support the use of sanctions but places equal
emphasis on increased development assistance and engagement
of neighboring countries to influence the Burmese government.
End Summary.

2. (U) As part of its three-pronged approach towards Burma
of sanctions, aid and engagement, Denmark will significantly
increase development aid over the next two years and shift
its focus. Denmark currently earmarks 45 million DKK ($6.7
million) annually for development projects within Burma,
assistance for Burmese refugees in Thailand, and support for
NGOs like the Danish Burma Committee. Denmark intends to
increase aid to 70 million DKK ($ 11.8 million) by 2011, with
increases to 50 million DKK ($8.4 million) in 2009 and 60
million DKK ($10.8 million) in 2010. Aid efforts will shift
from human rights and democracy building to education, health
and livelihood sectors and will be primarily focused on
projects within the country itself. Aid will be funneled
through three multi-donor funds operated by the UN and
UNICEF. Olsen commented that the shift reflects a lack of
partners with sufficient capacity in the country and a desire
to positively affect the day to day lives of the civilian
population. In tandem with increased aid, Denmark plans to
create a small development office in Burma next year.

3. (C) In line with EU policy, Olsen said that "strict but
targeted" sanctions will continue to be an integral part of
Danish policy. Danish Foreign Minister Moeller would like to
see sanctions expanded to include the oil and gas sector,
which he feels would impact the ruling junta directly.
Moeller intends to propose expansion of sanctions at the EU
April review. Olsen, however, noting the presence of French
oil companies in Burma, suggested that the Danes were not
optimistic of EU support.

4. (SBU) The third pillar of the Danish approach is to
strengthen the commitment of Burma's neighbors to effecting
change in Burma. Denmark will continue to encourage ASEAN to
play a greater role. Of Burma's two largest neighbors, India
and China, Olsen opined that India appeared unwilling to
cooperate on Burma. He suggested that Indonesia and China,
however, could play significant roles, particularly if
encouraged by the U.S.

5. (SBU) The extensive review of Burma policy anticipates
the EU-wide review in April. It also reflects a desire by
the MFA to portray a unified Danish approach towards Burma.
The Danish Foreign Minister and the Development Minister have
not always followed the same script on Burma sanctions. In
comments to the Danish press in January following a trip to
Burma, Development Minister Ulla Tornes commented that
economic sanctions on Burma and an EU tourism boycott of the
country are counterproductive. "20 years of EU sanctions
have not changed the mindset of the Burmese junta. On the
contrary, the people have been kept in isolation and that is
exactly what the military regime wants to do," she told the
Danish newspaper Berlinske Tidende. The new MFA policy on
Burma, however, which will likely be signed by both ministers
this week, will continue to incorporate sanctions as part of
MFA policy. Regarding the travel ban, Olsen commented that
while it may be discussed in April at the EU review, the EU
is unlikely to change its position.

6. (SBU) MFA's views on Burma will also be presented next
week by MFA's Southeast Asia Office Director Helle Nielsen in
the EU working group discussions in Prague with EAP DAS
Marciel. Olsen suggested that the Danes may approach the
U.S. with a request by Development Minister Tornaes to review
U.S. policy on UNDP cooperation with the Burmese government.
Tornaes feels that restrictions on UNDP prevent the agency
from fully implementing civilian programs in Burma and she
would like to see the restrictions loosened.
MCCULLEY
54
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FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 4824
INFO RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK IMMEDIATE 1564
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000104

SIPDIS

FOR IO/MPR (HACKETT) AND USUN/MR (RASHKOW)

E.O. 12958: DECL: 02/27/2018
TAGS: KJUS, AORC, APER, PREL, UNGA, DA
SUBJECT: DANES CONSIDER SUPPORT FOR AMCIT CANDIDATE FOR UN
APPEALS TRIBUNAL

REF: SECSTATE 18280

(C) Poloff February 27 delivered ref points to MFA's Marie
Thrane, UN office, who suggested that due to time
constraints, we also directly contact the Danish mission in
N.Y. The Danish mission was unaware that one of the two
American candidates had withdrawn their candidacy. Kristina
Rashid at the Danish mission noted that Denmark generally
supports the U.S. on these issues. Post will forward any
additional comments.
MCCULLEY
55
1870601/14/200909COPENHAGEN32CONFIDENTIALEmbassy Copenhagen09STATE1985VZCZCXRO6420
PP RUEHAG RUEHROV RUEHSR
DE RUEHCP #0032 0141056
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
P 141056Z JAN 09
FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 4721
INFO RUCNMEM/EU MEMBER STATES
RUEHLB/AMEMBASSY BEIRUT 0081
RUEHDM/AMEMBASSY DAMASCUS 0117
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 1562
RUEHUNV/USMISSION UNVIE VIENNA 0026
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000032

SIPDIS

STATE FOR NEA/ELA MONZ, EUR/ERA GIAUQUE, EUR/NB

E.O. 12958: DECL: 01/13/2019
TAGS: PREL, PHUM, EU, SY, DA
SUBJECT: DENMARK EXPECTS DELAY ON EU-SYRIA AGREEMENT

REF: STATE 1985

Classified By: Pol/Econ Counselor Bill Mozdzierz, reasons 1.4b,d

1. (C) In response to reftel demarche, Danish MFA Head of
Department for the Middle East Tomas Anker Christensen
indicated that Denmark does not expect that the EU foreign
ministers will sign the EU-Syria Association Agreement for
many months, and certainly not until the dust settles in Gaza
and the Middle East landscape becomes a bit clearer.
Christensen and his staff reported that others in the EU,
including the Czech presidency, feel this way as well, and
suggested that the issue would not be on the GAERC agenda
until April or May at the earliest.

2. (C) Danish Foreign Minister Per Stig Moller remains
convinced that Syria must be "part of the solution,"
Christensen said, noting that the Danes welcome media reports
that the incoming Obama Administration intends to take a
comprehensive approach to Middle East peace efforts. We need
to engage the Syrians, Christensen argued, and convince
Damascus that its best future lies with the West, and not
Iran. Christensen reported that human rights groups in Syria
support early action on the EU Association Agreement because
many of them believe that it can serve as a mechanism to
restrain Syrian authorities on civil liberties.

3. (C) Having said that, Christensen maintained that FM
Moller is clear-eyed about Syrian behavior and intentions,
and is "in no rush" to sign the agreement. Syria first needs
to demonstrate progress in the areas outlined in our
demarche, Christensen said, especially in terms of reining in
Hamas or otherwise contributing to peace efforts.
Christensen argued that EU and the new U.S. administration
should consult closely in the months ahead to make the best
use of our available carrots and sticks and avoid allowing
actors such as Syria to play us off each other. For his
part, Christensen offered to travel to Washington for
bilateral discussions on any aspect of Middle East policy, at
any time.
CAIN
56
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OO RUEHWEB

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TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 4697
INFO RUEHZG/NATO EU COLLECTIVE
RUEHSI/AMEMBASSY TBILISI 0150
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000011

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 01/06/2019
TAGS: PREL, KDEM, MARR, ECON, GG, RS, DA
SUBJECT: DANISH VIEWS ON WAY FORWARD FOR GEORGIA

REF: STATE 134559

Classified By: Pol/Econ Counselor Bill Mozdzierz, reasons 1.4b,d

1. (C) Denmark welcomes and largely shares our reftel
strategy for Georgia and its separatist regions, Danish MFA
Director for Russia and Eastern Europe Ruben Madsen and his
team assured us January 6. Madsen observed that this is a
good time to exchange views on the long-term approach,
reporting that the French had demarched in support of
Georgian territorial integrity in the final days of its EU
presidency and that the European Commission is expected to
propose soon new visa policy guidelines for Georgia.

2. (C) Russia must pay a price for its actions in Georgia,
Madsen maintained, arguing that the Georgians miscalculated
badly but that Moscow committed a grave and "stupid" error in
recognizing the breakaway regions -- a mistake Madsen
compared to Turkish recognition of northern Cyprus. Even
many Russians have begun to appreciate this, Madsen and his
team suggested. The challenge ahead of us, they argued, is
to ensure that the separatist regions recognize that their
best future lies not with Moscow, but with Georgia and the
West.

3. (C) The Danes faulted the Georgian government with too
little flexibility in the application of new legislation on
the occupied territories, which they said continue to hamper
Western humanitarian relief efforts. Madsen suggested that
we should take care to engage the many constructive and
pragmatic officials not directly within President
Saakashvili's inner circle, which Madsen characterized as
sometimes overly hawkish and rigid.

4. (C) Madsen and his team emphasized that our approach
should differentiate between Abkhazia and South Ossetia,
which are varied in their relationship to Russia and their
prospects for eventual reconciliation with Tbilisi. Madsen
noted that Danish Foreign Minister Per Stig Moller has taken
a particular interest in Abkhazia following his visit there
last year and his meeting with de-facto leader Bagapsh. The
Abkhazians remain dangerously ignorant of Europe and the
West, Madsen maintained (he recalled that Bagapsh had
suggested that the best thing the West could do would be to
"leave us alone"), but FM Moller believes that this argues
for greater, not less, engagement from us.

5. (C) Skeptical of sanctions, the Danes indicated that they
would nevertheless be prepared to support targeted visa
restrictions, if only for symbolic reasons. Madsen said that
the immediate focus should be on maintaining an international
presence in Georgia, suggesting that the Russians may not be
clear themselves about what is acceptable to them, and so we
may still have room to maneuver. Madsen said the EU will
need to make decisions on extending the EU mission in
February.

6. (C) Taking the long view, Madsen and his team argued that
we will prevail by making Georgia proper so attractive that
the Abkhazians and South Ossetians over time recognize that
reconciliation and reintegration are the best way forward.
This will require sustained support from us, flexibility from
Tbilisi, and years of confidence-building measures,
people-to-people exchanges and commercial development to
achieve, they concluded. For their part, the Danes indicated
that they are prepared to join us in these efforts and will
work to ensure close coordination between the EU and the
United States.
CAIN
57
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INFO RUEHZG/NATO EU COLLECTIVE
RUEHBUL/AMEMBASSY KABUL 0080
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000630

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 11/28/2018
TAGS: PREL, MARR, MOPS, NATO, AFIN, DA
SUBJECT: DANES TO BACK CHANGE TO ANA TRUST FUND,
CONTRIBUTION UNLIKELY

REF: STATE 125172

Classified By: Pol/Econ Counselor Bill Mozdzierz, reasons 1.4b,d

(C) Danish MFA Head of Department for Security Policy Lone
Wisborg responded to reftel demarche November 28 by
emphasizing Danish support for building Afghan National Army
(ANA) capabilities, including by contributing to an OMLT
early next year. Wisborg indicated that Denmark is likely to
support broadening the mandate of the NATO ANA Trust Fund to
include sustainment costs, but doubted that the Danish
government would be in a position to respond positively this
year to our contribution request. Such contributions would
have to come from the Danish Ministry of Defense budget,
Wisborg explained, which is already under pressure due to
long deployments in Afghanistan and elsewhere.
MCCULLEY
58
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SIPDIS

FOR THE SECRETARY FROM AMBASSADOR JIM CAIN

E.O. 12958: DECL: 11/21/2018
TAGS: PREL, PGOV, MARR, ECON, OVIP, DA
SUBJECT: YOUR VISIT TO COPENHAGEN

Classified By: Ambassador James P. Cain, reasons 1.4b,d

1. (C) Madam Secretary, you know Danish Foreign Minister Per
Stig Moller as a good colleague, and Denmark as one of our
closest allies in Europe. Your "farewell" visit here is much
appreciated by the Danes, who are naturally looking ahead to
the incoming administration but are also keen to highlight
the strength of their partnership with you. Your exchanges
with Per Stig and with Prime Minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen
will reinforce Danish resolve further in our common efforts
to confront global threats to peace, freedom, and prosperity.
As you know, the Danes are absolutely committed to sustained,
active engagement to meet these challenges.

A Steady Partner in the Wider World
-----------------------------------

2. (C) Denmark's commitment can be seen in its many overseas
deployments, from its naval vessels on patrol off the Horn of
Africa, to its peacekeeping forces in Kosovo and its
battle-hardened troops engaging the Taliban in Afghanistan's
southern Helmand province. Danish intelligence and security
services work hand in hand with ours in combating al-Qaeda at
home and abroad. A world leader in alternative energy
technology, Danish firms are at the forefront of developments
in wind power and biofuels, strengthening Denmark's "green"
credentials as it prepares to host the UN Climate Summit
(COP-15) in December 2009. Denmark contributes 0.8 percent of
its GDP in development and humanitarian aid, mostly to Africa
but also to Afghanistan, Iraq, and the Palestinian
territories.

3. (C) Re-elected to a third term last year, the Rasmussen
government presides over a thin majority but with a
commanding position against a lackluster and frustrated
opposition. Although it has begun to feel the effects of the
global economic crisis, the Danish economy has experienced a
healthy expansion in recent years, unemployment is recently
higher but still near record lows (3.0 percent), and large
budget surpluses have been on the verge of wiping out the
Danish public debt altogether. Denmark is not without its
problems -- among them the challenges of a multicultural
society. Strained relations with its 200,000-strong Muslim
immigrant population were highlighted during the 2006 cartoon
crisis and again earlier this year when some of those
drawings were reprinted here.

4. (C) Even amid the global financial turmoil, the Danes are
sure to have the progress of our mission in Afghanistan, the
future of European security, and the transatlantic
relationship uppermost on their minds. In the Danes you will
find committed Atlanticists, convinced of the primacy of NATO
(while looking to eliminate Denmark's EU "opt-outs" on
defense, justice and the euro as soon as possible) but
concerned about the Alliance's ability to meet new and
ongoing challenges.

5. (C) Nowhere is this concern more pressing than regarding
the NATO mission in Afghanistan. Although the Danish
deployment enjoys broad parliamentary backing and public
support, the Danes remain troubled by the difficulties of
securing greater -- and more flexible -- contributions from
Allies and what this means for the future of NATO. The
foreign minister and prime minister will welcome a discussion
of efforts to encourage greater "solidarity" among members in
Afghanistan, assuming that the topic has not been exhausted
at the NAC ministerial earlier in the week. FM Moller
visited Afghanistan in late November, highlighting with
Karzai his skepticism of political engagement with Taliban
leaders and predicting publicly that Danish forces will be
present there for another 4-5 years.

6. (C) Meanwhile, Denmark itself is on the front lines of the
battle against Islamic extremism and terror in Europe, and
the Danes are working closely with us to disrupt nascent
terror cells and promote better integration of immigrant
communities. Danish authorities have made a number of
high-profile arrests in the past two years, including one
with direct links to al-Qaeda and on which we cooperated
closely. Denmark has a mixed record on prosecutions and we
are now providing them with assistance in this area as well.
Although the cartoons/freedom of expression issue remains
something of a blind spot for the Danes, there are signs of
an evolution in public opinion here; a poll earlier this year
showed majorities approving of the cartoon's original
publication but disapproving of a more recent reprinting.

Some Retrospection, and a Look Ahead
------------------------------------

7. (C) FM Moller and PM Rasmussen are certain to invite your
reflections on a range of critical issues as you leave
office. In addition to Afghanistan and Pakistan, Moller in
particular will want to hear your assessment of the Middle
East peace process, given his long-standing interest and his
own recent travel there (including to Syria). As you know,
Moller remains a strong advocate of a multi-track approach.
We can expect that the Danes will seek your perspective on
long-term relations with Russia, as well as approaches in
that context to Georgia, Ukraine, and missile defense.

8. (C) Despite last year's withdrawal, the Danes still
consider themselves part of the Coalition in Iraq and will be
interested in your assessment of the situation there.
Rasmussen and Moller have been among the strongest voices for
maintaining a tough line on Iran, on terrorism, nuclear
proliferation and human rights grounds. With incidents of
high-seas piracy in the Gulf of Aden alarmingly high, the
Danes -- currently leading the CTF-150 naval mission off the
Horn of Africa -- have grown increasingly vocal about the
need for coordinated action to protect Danish and
international shipping there.

9. (C) Naturally, the foreign and prime ministers are keenly
interested in our transition and would welcome any insights
you could offer into the process, together with observations
about the key players and anticipated agenda of the incoming
administration. The Danes may highlight their hosting of the
UN COP-15 meeting here next December, which they hope will
approve a new global climate change treaty and solidify
Danish credentials as a leader in renewable energy. Although
Denmark has so far managed to weather the global economic
crisis better than others, the Danes are deeply concerned
about the situation and its impact on trade, and may seek
your views on the latest developments.

10. (C) Moller and Rasmussen may ask your views on the likely
early closure of Guantanamo and how that process would work;
the Danes rejected our earlier appeals to accept former
detainees, but soon may find themselves forced to revisit the
issue. Finally, your letter on alleged rendition flights
through Danish airspace proved invaluable to managing this
contentious issue last month, and Per Stig may want to
recognize this privately.

11. (C) In addition to expressing appreciation for all
Denmark has done -- especially in Afghanistan, I recommend
that you reassure the Danes that the next administration will
be committed to working closely with European partners,
particularly those such as Denmark dedicated to active
engagement on global challenges. Long among the most
pro-American allies in Europe, the Danes have sought to
cultivate a close relationship with us in recent years,
typified by the warm friendship between Rasmussen and
President Bush. The Danes approach the new U.S.
administration with a mixture of anticipation and
trepidation, hopeful about new opportunities and a freshening
of the relationship, but also concerned about maintaining a
privileged position despite their relatively small size.
Ultimately, such concerns will be addressed in time, but your
visit offers an important opportunity to reaffirm in strong
terms the enduring affection and strategic partnership
between our two nations.

12. (SBU) Madam Secretary, I look forward to welcoming you
here next week. As a point of information, the day before
your arrival in Copenhagen I will return from a three-day
visit to Afghanistan with Defense Minister Gade to visit
Danish and American troops. Yours, Jim Cain.
CAIN
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C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000611

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 11/21/2018
TAGS: PGOV, PREL, DA
SUBJECT: DANISH CONCERNS OVER NICARAGUAN MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS

REF: SECSTATE 122262

Classified By: Pol/Econ Counselor Bill Mozdzierz for reasons 1.4 b, d

(C) Danish MFA Head of Office for Latin America Maj Hessel
November 21 shares US concerns over the Nicaraguan municipal
elections. She reported that already in October, Under
Secretary for Latin America Sus Ulbaek traveled to Managua to
register Danish concerns over the expulsion of the two
opposition parties and the need for international obervers.
She noted that Mesa de Cooperacion, the multi-lateral donor
group which includes Denmark, issued a statement on November
18 which deplored the lack of impartiality and transparency
during the recent elections and called for "peaceful and
transparent solutions which could remove doubts regarding the
electoral process." This statement echoes a similar
declaration from the EU Council on November 12. Hessl agreed
that neither statement asks expressly for a recount with
impartial observers, noting that there is disagreement among
members of the donor group whether a recount would be useful
or even feasible. Denmark, while in favor of measures to put
pressure on the Nicaraguan government, feels that any
response should be coordinated locally. They are not
discounting any options at this point. Danish Ambassador
Soeren Voehtz has been in contact with our DCM in Managua to
discuss the American proposal. The proposal is being
discussed with other EU heads of mission in Managua and
members of the Mesa de Cooperacion.
CAIN
60
17813811/13/200808COPENHAGEN598CONFIDENTIALEmbassy Copenhagen08STATE118934VZCZCXRO0019
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FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 4564
INFO RUEHLP/AMEMBASSY LA PAZ PRIORITY 0201
RUCNMEM/EU MEMBER STATES
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHINGTON DC
RUEKJCS/JOINT STAFF WASHDC
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000598

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 11/13/2018
TAGS: PREL, PGOV, KDEM, SNAR, BL, DA
SUBJECT: DENMARK TROUBLED BY BOLIVIAN SUSPENSION OF DEA

REF: STATE 118934

Classified By: A/DCM Bill Mozdzierz, reasons 1.4b,d

1. (C) Danish MFA Head of Office for South America Maj Hessel
November 12 underscored Denmark's deep concern about the
Bolivian government's actions against DEA (reftel) and
reported that the Danish government is pressing for a
coordinated EU approach on the issue in La Paz.
Characterizing U.S. assistance as "critical" in countering
upward trends in cocaine use in Europe, Hessel noted
particular Danish interest in Bolivia as one of Denmark's
priority countries for development assistance in Latin
America. Already in September, Hessel related, the Danes
used bilateral talks to register their concerns about the
impact of deteriorating U.S.-Bolivian relations on
counter-narcotics programs.

2. (C) Hessel indicated that the EU heads of mission in La
Paz are following the DEA issue closely, and reported that
Danish Ambassador Slente has been advocating within that
group for a joint approach to the Bolivian government.
Hessel noted the reluctance of some members to take a strong
position on bilateral political matters (e.g., regarding the
expulsion of Ambassador Goldberg), but maintained that the
actions against DEA have far-reaching practical consequences
for both drug trafficking and development work. We
encouraged the Danish government to continue to support
efforts to urge the Bolivians to reconsider their recent
decisions.
CAIN
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INFO RUEATRS/DEPT OF TREASURY WASHDC
S E C R E T COPENHAGEN 000595

SIPDIS

FOR ISN-JENNIFER CHALMERS, T, TREASURY, NEA, INR, EEB,
S/CT, AND INL.

E.O. 12958: DECL: 10/31/2018
TAGS: KNNP, PARM, PREL, EFIN, DA
SUBJECT: DENMARK: LEVERAGING FATF STATEMENT ON IRAN INTO
NATIONAL ACTIONS

REF: SECSTATE 115523

Classified By: Political/Economic Counselor William Mozdzierz. Reason:
1.4 (b) and (d).

1. (S) We discussed reftel points with Danish Government
officials on November 4 and November 12, stressing the
importance that Denmark adopt at least one of the preventive
measures set forth in reftel to address risks posed by Iran.
According to Nikolaj Harris, Head of Section of the Danish
Foreign Ministry's Security Policy office and Denmark's
interagency coordinator for implementation of all
Iran-related economic sanctions, the Danish Government has
already adopted reftel Measure G by providing internet
warnings to businesses with significant business ties to Iran
that their transactions have a heightened risk of money
laundering or terrorist financing.

2. (S) Regarding possible adoption of other preventive
measures, Harris told us November 12 that Denmark prefers to
follow the EU consensus and preferably a consensus led by
France, the UK, and Germany. To this end, Denmark and other
EU nations are currently discussing next steps on Iran
sanctions after the EU GAERC's November 10 approval of
legislation to implement UNSCR 1803 (Harris noted that the
approved legislation is even tougher on Iran than mandated by
UNSCR 1803). Harris said such discussions are in an early
stage, adding that Denmark advocates a tough EU stance and
will therefore consider raising EU adoption of at least some
reftel measures in the discussions. We will report any
further developments.
CAIN
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17576110/29/200808COPENHAGEN577CONFIDENTIALEmbassy Copenhagen08STATE113894VZCZCXYZ0011
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C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000577

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 10/28/2018
TAGS: PREL, PGOV, EU, BK, SR, DA
SUBJECT: DANES IN NO RUSH TO CLOSE OHR IN BOSNIA; PM TO
VISIT SERBIA

REF: STATE 113894

Classified By: Pol/Econ Counselor Bill Mozdzierz, reasons 1.4b,d

1. (C) Describing Denmark as "one step behind" much of the EU
regarding the termination of OHR in Bosnia, Danish MFA Head
of Department for Eastern Europe Ruben Madsen indicated broad
agreement with reftel points on the need for implementation
of the 5 2 criteria before transitioning to EUSR supervision.
Madsen acknowledged the challenges posed by RS Prime
Minister Dodik, but characterized him as an ultimately
pragmatic politician, and cautioned against "demonizing" him.
The international community must be similarly firm with
Presidency Member Silajdzic, whose uncompromising approaches
have also exacerbated relations, Madsen argued.

2. (C) While endorsing the long view that positive
developments in neighboring Serbia and Croatia will have a
moderating effect on the Bosnians over time, Madsen agreed
that the promise of EU and NATO integration has so far proven
insufficient, and that greater, more directive engagement may
be needed. Madsen confirmed that Bosnia would be on the
November 10 EU GAERC agenda, and predicted that Denmark will
argue for preserving conditionality for the OHR transition.

3. (C) Turning to Serbia and Kosovo, Madsen reported that
anticipated progress on the EULEX Kosovo mission should pave
the way for Danish Prime Minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen to
visit Belgrade November 26-28. Madsen noted that the visit,
if it goes forward, would be the first to Serbia by a head of
government that has recognized Kosovo independence. The
Danes and Serbians are both keen to portray Rasmussen's visit
as a return to "normal European relations," Madsen said, in
recognition of what the Danes view as the Serbian
government's solidly pro-European orientation.
CAIN
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RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHINGTON DC PRIORITY
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC PRIORITY
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC PRIORITY
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000569

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 10/24/2018
TAGS: PINR, PREL, PTER, MARR, DA
SUBJECT: DENMARK ISSUES REPORT ON CIA OVERFLIGHTS

REF: COPENHAGEN 332

Classified By: Charge d'Affaires Terence McCulley, reasons 1.4b,d

1. (C) Summary: Danish Foreign Minister Per Stig Moller
October 23 briefed parliament on his government's
investigation of alleged U.S. rendition flights through
Danish airspace, emphasizing that no evidence had been found
to prove those allegations or to suggest that Danish
authorities had been aware of such operations. In a
subsequent press conference, Moller expressed disappointment
that the U.S. declined to confirm or deny the allegations,
but reported that his exchanges with Secretary Rice had
yielded a written American pledge to seek permission from
Denmark for any future such flights. Danish officials
privately credit the Secretary's letter with moderating
opposition and media reaction, which has, in fact, been
relatively mild so far. End summary.

2. (C) Joined by the Danish justice and transportation
ministers, FM Moller briefed party leaders and the
parliamentary foreign policy committee October 23 on the
findings of the inter-ministerial working group, formed in
response to a January 2008 television documentary alleging
CIA rendition flights through Danish and Greenlandic
airspace. The hefty, five-volume report reviews the legal
framework, specific allegations, knowledge and actions by
Danish authorities, and the U.S. response, concluding that
the Danish government cannot confirm or rule out that such
renditions have been carried out. There is no evidence, the
report states, that Danish authorities had knowledge of
alleged extrajudicial CIA activities in Danish airspace. The
working group's report recommends that the government inform
the United States that aircraft operated by foreign
intelligence services are considered state aircraft requiring
explicit, prior Danish consent to enter its airspace.

3. (C) In his public remarks, FM Moller characterized the
initial U.S. response as "unacceptable," signaling his
government's disappointment with our refusal to comment on
allegations of past renditions, but indicated that he is
satisfied with Secretary Rice's promise on future flights.
Moller noted that Britain is the only other country to
receive such a guarantee on future flights.

4. (C) Danish opposition leaders criticized the U.S. for not
responding directly to the allegations and blamed the Danish
government for not pursuing the issue more vigorously in the
past, but most acknowledged that the allegations cannot be
proven. "There's no smoking gun," allowed the far-left
Unity List's Frank Aaen, who nevertheless called for an
independent investigation -- a proposition quickly rejected
by the government parties and the leading center-left
opposition party. The Greenland Home Rule government, for
its part, responded much as Moller had done and indicated
that it considered the matter effectively closed. Danish
media have highlighted unhappiness with the U.S. for its
"incomplete" response, but the issue failed to make the front
pages of even the left-leaning dailies.

5. (C) Danish MFA Legal Advisor Thomas Winkler, principal
drafter of the report and who accompanied Moller for his
parliamentary briefings, told us afterwards that the
government was relieved by the generally "civilized"
discussion among parliamentarians and the mild reaction from
the press. The Danish government does not relish being
placed in such a position by its ally, Winkler noted, but
made clear that Moller and others recognize our challenges
and appreciate the assurances the Secretary was able to
provide. Winkler said it was clear that the Secretary's
letter had made a "a great difference" in managing opposition
and public opinion on the issue, echoing a view voiced
earlier to us by a senior member of the prime minister's
staff.

6. (C) Winkler indicated that the Danish government will soon
send a formal reply to our diplomatic note along the lines of
Moller's presentation, but suggested that this communication
will be for the record, in keeping with the working group's
recommendations. Although he could not exclude entirely the
possibility that the issue might re-emerge (one leading
opposition member asked Moller whether the government would
revisit the issue with the new U.S. administration; Moller
declined to answer directly), Winkler evinced cautious
optimism that the renditions controversy is behind us for
now.
MCCULLEY
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C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000531

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 10/03/2018
TAGS: PREL, UNGA, KVIR, DA
SUBJECT: DANES TO ABSTAIN WITH EU ON KOSOVO ICJ RESOLUTION

REF: STATE 105796

Classified By: Pol/Econ Counselor Bill Mozdzierz, reasons 1.4b,d

(C) Denmark will abstain on the UNGA vote to refer Kosovo's
declaration of independence to the International Court of
Justice (reftel), David Kendal of the Danish MFA's legal
department told us October 3. The great majority of EU
member states are also expected to abstain, he said. Kendal
suggested that the Danish government might have considered
joining a blocking minority, but has concluded reluctantly
that such numbers are very unlikely. Denmark's abstention
marks the middle ground position, Kendal observed, between
its strong political support for Kosovo and longstanding
Danish backing for the ICJ as a mechanism for dispute
resolution.
CAIN
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C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000485

SIPDIS

STATE FOR EUR/RPM, EUR/NB

E.O. 12958: DECL: 09/11/2018
TAGS: PREL, NATO, MOPS, MARR, AF, DA
SUBJECT: DENMARK SUPPORTS ISAF OPLAN AMENDMENT, BUT WARY OF
BYPASSING THE MC

REF: STATE 96741

Classified By: Pol/Econ Counselor Bill Mozdzierz, reasons 1.4b,d

1. (C) Denmark recognizes the importance of giving NATO
forces in Afghanistan broad and flexible authority to conduct
counter-narcotics interdictions, consistent with SACEUR's
recommendation, Ulrik Petersen of the Danish MFA Security
Policy Department assured us September 11. Petersen
maintained that Danish representatives have and will continue
to advocate that view within the Military Committee, but
expressed reservations about taking the issue to the NAC if
the Military Committee cannot agree. The Danish government
places great importance on securing military advice before
taking such decisions in the NAC, Petersen said, and wondered
whether the NAC would have better success in resolving the
issue than the MC.

2. (C) We argued that the issue cannot be allowed to remain
blocked in the Military Committee, where some Allies may
prefer to see it languish rather than address it in the NAC.
The proposal to amend ISAF's OPLAN has the backing of NATO's
top military commander and is based on the clear military
objective of combatting narcotics trafficking that supports
the insurgency we are fighting. We urged the Danish
government to continue to back SACEUR's recommendation and to
join us in moving the amendment forward.
CAIN
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C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000481

SIPDIS

STATE FOR PM, NEA, S/I AND EUR

E.O. 12958: DECL: 09/11/2018
TAGS: PRES, MOPS, MARR, NATO, IZ, DA
SUBJECT: DANES ACCEPT DECISION ON IRAQ COALITION

REF: STATE 96122

Classified By: Pol/Econ Counselor Bill Mozdzierz, reasons 1.4b,d

(C) Danish MFA Head of Department for Security Policy Lone
Wisborg reacted positively to reftel message that the Iraqi
government will limit the Coalition presence in its country
after 2008 and that Denmark's participation will no longer be
required. Noting that nearly all of Denmark's forces had
already been withdrawn from Iraq and transferred to service
in Afghanistan, Wisborg indicated that Denmark remained
nevertheless committed to membership in the Coalition for as
long as needed. The Iraqi government's determination to
assume ever-greater responsibility for security will free up
additional international forces and should reinforce
Denmark's and other allies' focus on Afghanistan, Wisborg
observed.
CAIN
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TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 4444
INFO RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK PRIORITY 1550
RUEHZL/EUROPEAN POLITICAL COLLECTIVE
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000483

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 09/10/2018
TAGS: PHUM, PREL, UNGA, DA
SUBJECT: DANISH VIEWS ON UNGA THIRD COMMITTEE PRIORITIES

REF: SECSTATE 95334

Classified By: Pol/Econ Counselor Bill Mozdzierz, reasons 1.4b,d

1. (C) Poloff delivered reftel demarche on USG human rights
priorities for the 2008 UN General Assembly Third Committee
to Emil Paulsen of the Danish MFA Human Rights Department.
Paulsen confirmed EU opposition to no-action motions. He
also confirmed EU plans to table resolutions on Burma and the
DPRK, and did not foresee major problems. Additionally,
Paulsen said Denmark intends to present a resolution on
torture in the Third Committee, and anticipates US support,
but will pursue this in meetings in Washington September 25.
Paulsen noted that Denmark has not consolidated its position
on the other issues in the reftel demarche.

2. (C) In principle, Denmark supports an Iran resolution,
Paulsen said, but expressed concern over negative reaction by
African countries, which might jeopardize other EU
resolutions. Proposed U.S. resolutions on Zimbabwe and/or
Sudan also run the risk of lack of support. He stated that
Denmark is unwilling to "swap" resolutions, such as the EU
Religious Intolerance Resolution, for one on Zimbabwe or
Sudan. Denmark opposes the resolution on "defamation of
religions," and agrees that the EU Religious Intolerance
Resolution, to be presented in Third Committee, could serve
as a useful counterweight. Paulsen was cautious on whether a
Freedom of Expression resolution could be successful at this
time, noting that other EU partners might be reluctant to
commit.

3. (C) Paulsen took note of our proposal on prisoners of
conscience, but reported that there is not yet a common
position in the EU. He understood the U.S. reluctance to
pursue a Belarus resolution, but suggested it should not be
ruled out completely in light of the upcoming elections in
the country.
CAIN
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P 110810Z SEP 08
FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 4441
INFO RUCNMEM/EU MEMBER STATES PRIORITY
RUEHMO/AMEMBASSY MOSCOW PRIORITY 1420
RUEHSI/AMEMBASSY TBILISI PRIORITY 0149
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000480

SIPDIS

STATE FOR EUR, EUR/ERA, AND EUR/NB

E.O. 12958: DECL: 09/10/2018
TAGS: PGOV, PREL, EUN, GG, RU, DA
SUBJECT: DENMARK AT THE SEPTEMBER GAERC

REF: STATE 96598

Classified By: Pol/Econ Counselor Bill Mozdzierz, reasons 1.4b,d

1. (C) In response to reftel demarche, Danish MFA European
Correspondent Asif Amin told us that Denmark's primary focus
at the upcoming GAERC remains Georgia. The Danes were
generally pleased with EU decisions on Georgia and Russia at
the recently-concluded Gymnich, Asif reported, adding that
Copenhagen was also satisfied with Sarkozy's agreement with
Medvedev on a Russian troop pullback. Noting that "for the
first time, the EU is giving security guarantees for a
territory outside the EU," Asif cautioned that there were
still many devils lurking in the details. For example, Asif
thought it likely that France would "provide the bulk" of the
200 proposed EU observers (Denmark had already pledged 10
observers to the OSCE mission), and Copenhagen would be
looking to this GAERC to begin nailing down this and other
operational details.

2. (C) Asif also provided a brief readout of the Gymnich
discussion of transatlantic relations. Ministers agreed on
the need to strengthen transatlantic ties, and to seek EU
consensus on a core set of issues to shape discussions.
While that consensus on issues is still lacking, the issues
are likely to include Afghanistan, Pakistan, the Middle East
(including Iran), Russia, the multilateral trading system,
climate change, and democracy and human rights. Ministers
apparently agreed, spurred on by French FM Kouchner, that it
was important to whittle this list down to 5 or so priority
topics. Kouchner, according to the Danes, wants to keep this
discussion away from the hands of the Brussels bureaucracy
and in the purview of ministers.

3, (C) Finally, on the European Security Strategy, Asif said
that events in Georgia were causing additional anxiety as EU
members reviewed the ESS. Some members fear that the recent
conflict between Georgia and Russia will lead some EU members
to reopen key portions of the ESS on relations with Russia.
Others fear that, if that happens, then, in Asif's words,
"everything is then back on the table." The Danes
contributed to the ESS discussion with a non-paper on climate
change and security, reflecting their interest as host of the
December 2009 COP-15 summit.
CAIN
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OO RUEHWEB

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FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 4440
RUEILB/NCTC WASHINGTON DC PRIORITY
RHMCSUU/FBI WASHINGTON DC PRIORITY
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC PRIORITY
RUEAWJA/DEPT OF JUSTICE WASHDC PRIORITY
RUEATRS/DEPT OF TREASURY WASHDC PRIORITY
RUEALC/DEPT OF HOMELAND SECURITY WASHINGTON DC PRIORITY
RULSDMK/DEPT OF TRANS WASHDC PRIORITY
RHMFISS/TSA HQ WASHINGTON DC PRIORITY
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC PRIORITY
S E C R E T COPENHAGEN 000478

SIPDIS

FROM AMBASSADOR CAIN

E.O. 12958: DECL: 09/05/2018
TAGS: PREL, PTER, EAIR, ECON, DA
SUBJECT: GETTING TO YES WITH DENMARK ON AIR MARSHALS

Classified By: Ambassador James P. Cain, reasons 1.4b,d

1. (S) Overcoming deep-seated Danish opposition to U.S.
Federal Air Marshals on flights to and from Denmark will
require a coordinated, long-term effort from all U.S.
agencies. Danish officials continue to evince skepticism
about the severity of the threat, concerns about the
implications of FAMs for public safety, and anxiety about the
possible political and national sovereignty consequences.
Despite a greater public appreciation here for the terrorist
threat and the need for effective counter-measures, the Danes
remain reluctant to revisit our FAM request. My country team
and I recommend that we move forward with a new strategy for
ultimately convincing the Danish government to accept U.S.
air marshals.

2. (S) Our approach should be to engage the Danes in a
dialogue aimed at addressing their concerns on multiple
fronts, gradually raising their comfort level over time. A
sustained effort to develop and share new threat intelligence
will reinforce the position of FAM proponents within the
Danish government and blunt the arguments of those who insist
that the threat is insufficient to justify the risks. Visits
by Danish officials to FAMS training facilities and further
briefings on our procedures and record may allay concerns
about the professionalism and competence of our officers. We
should brief the Danes, in as much detail as possible, about
our success in dealing with the issues raised by other
partners who have since opted for air marshals. Being
reminded that Denmark is among the last holdouts in Europe
may encourage Danish officials to reevaluate the political
risk. Discussions about measures to ensure the
confidentiality of FAM deployments could also prove
productive.

3. (S) Denmark is one of our closest and most reliable allies
in Europe, an excellent partner on counter-terrorism from
here to Afghanistan and the Horn of Africa. As we have seen
in previous exchanges on the FAM issue, however, the Danes
also retain a fierce devotion to civil liberties and national
sovereignty, and have a long tradition of consensus-based
politics that can delay action on controversial issues. The
upcoming fall debate on alleged U.S. rendition flights
through Danish airspace also argues for a low-key,
deliberative approach in the months ahead. I am convinced
that engagement with the Danes to support an evolution of
their position on air marshals offers the best chance of
success over time, and I strongly recommend that the U.S.
government move forward together in this way.
CAIN
70
1671908/25/200808COPENHAGEN458CONFIDENTIALEmbassy Copenhagen08STATE90978|08STATE90980VZCZCXYZ0007
OO RUEHWEB

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ZNY CCCCC ZZH
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FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 4426
INFO RUEHZG/NATO EU COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
RUEHMO/AMEMBASSY MOSCOW PRIORITY 1412
RUEHSI/AMEMBASSY TBILISI PRIORITY 0148
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000458

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 08/25/2018
TAGS: PREL, PGOV, MARR, RS, GG, DA
SUBJECT: GEORGIA: DANES WELCOME RECOGNITION WARNING,
REBUTTAL OF RUSSIAN CLAIMS

REF: A. STATE 90978
B. STATE 90980

Classified By: Pol/Econ Counselor Bill Mozdzierz, reasons 1.4b,d

1. (C) Danish MFA Head of Department for Eastern Europe Ruben
Madsen allowed that his government did not have the sense
that the Russians would recognize Abkhazia and South Ossetia
soon, but agreed that firm warnings to Moscow are prudent and
necessary in any event. Madsen welcomed our ref B approach
to set the record straight on the Georgia cease-fire
agreement, maintaining that the Russians must not be
permitted to make such assertions unchallenged.

2. (C) Denmark views as "very good news" the calling of a
European Council meeting for next week, Madsen declared,
while admitting that his government is still not certain what
exactly the French have in mind as an outcome. The Danes
will be looking for clear signals from the EU, he said, on
support for Georgia's territorial integrity, the impact of
Russian behavior on relations with the EU, and prospects for
an EU peacekeeping or monitoring mission. Madsen indicated
general satisfaction with French leadership (and activism) on
the conflict, and added that the Danes had been pleasantly
surprised by what he characterized as an increasingly tough
line coming from Finnish FM and OSCE CiO Stubb.
CAIN
71
1660908/14/200808COPENHAGEN436SECRET//NOFORNEmbassy Copenhagen08STATE87254VZCZCXRO0592
OO RUEHKW
DE RUEHCP #0436 2271414
ZNY SSSSS ZZH
O 141414Z AUG 08
FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 4402
INFO RUEHXQ/ALL EUROPEAN UNION POST PRIORITY
RUEHXP/ALL NATO POST COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
RUCNMUC/EU CANDIDATE STATES PRIORITY
S E C R E T COPENHAGEN 000436

NOFORN
SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 08/14/2018
TAGS: PREL, MOPS, PHUM, OSCE, UN, GG, RS, DA
SUBJECT: TFGG01: DENMARK FIRM ON RUSSIA, CONCERNED ABOUT
U.S.-EU DIFFERENCES

REF: STATE 87254 AND PREVIOUS

Classified By: Pol/Econ Counselor Bill Mozdzierz, reasons 1.4b,d

1. (U) Danish Foreign Minister Per Stig Moeller warned
publicly August 13 that Denmark will have to "reconsider" its
relationship with Russia if Russian forces are in violation
of the agreed cease-fire. Moeller, speaking after the GAERC
EU foreign ministers meeting that day, acknowledged that
Georgia had made mistakes, but asserted that the main
responsibility lies with Russia for escalating the conflict.
The Danish foreign minister also argued that, having
encouraged Georgia to approach the West, we in NATO and the
EU cannot now "turn our backs" on the country.

2. (S/NF) In response to August 14 reftel demarche, Danish
MFA Head of Department for Eastern Europe (A/S-equivalent)
Ruben Madsen underlined that Danish indignation at Russian
behavior has been tempered by the recognition that Georgia
has suffered a "catastrophic" loss and that there is no
turning back the clock to August 6. Madsen welcomed our
points and the President's August 13 statement, and indicated
that the Danes will press the Russians on abiding by the
cease-fire and allowing humanitarian access. Madsen also
stressed the importance of getting more international
observers, ideally from the EU, on the ground as soon as
possible. He noted, however, that Danish military analysts
remain unconvinced (despite a steady stream of reports from
our defense attache's office) that Russian activities are
inconsistent with the terms of the cease-fire, especially
given the apparent latitude the agreement offers the Russians.

3. (C) Insisting that divisions within the EU over the
conflict have been exaggerated, Madsen voiced concern about
allowing differences to grow between the American and EU
approaches to Russia in the weeks ahead. We cannot abandon
the Georgians and we cannot allow Russian hegemony to go
unchecked, Madsen agreed, but we must also recognize that
Russia has won a clear military victory that will not be
undone by sanctions. Moreover, Russia has responded to
Western pressure and demonstrated some restraint in Georgia,
as FM Moeller also noted in his remarks. Madsen expressed
hope that Secretary Rice's consultations in Paris and Tbilisi
would help bring U.S. and European views "closer together."
CAIN
72
1658668/13/200808COPENHAGEN435CONFIDENTIALEmbassy Copenhagen08SECSTATE85948VZCZCXYZ0005
PP RUEHWEB

DE RUEHCP #0435 2260945
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
P 130945Z AUG 08
FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 4401
INFO RUCNNSG/NUCLEAR SUPPLIERS GROUP PRIORITY
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000435

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 08/12/2018
TAGS: PARM, PREL, ETTC, AORC
SUBJECT: DENMARK ON NUCLEAR SUPPLIERS GROUP DRAFT EXCEPTION
TEXT FOR INDIA

REF: SECSTATE 85948

Classified By: Ambassador James P. Cain, reasons 1.4 (b) and (d)

1. (C) Summary. MFA Permanent Under Secretary Michael
Zilmer-Johns told Ambassador Cain August 12 that Denmark's
"end goal is to support and participate in a positive
decision in the Nuclear Suppliers Group." However, Denmark
must first navigate what could be tricky domestic
cross-currents that combine a traditional skepticism of
nuclear power with strong anti-proliferation instincts.
Zilmer-Johns also cautioned that the Danes may have a timing
problem, since the Danes will only first be able to seek
parliamentary approval of any deal in early September. End
Summary.

2. (C) Ambassador Cain called on Danish MFA Permanent Under
Secretary Michael Zilmer-Johns August 12 to encourage
Denmark's support of ref draft exception text for India in
the Nuclear Suppliers Group. The Ambassador reminded
Zilmer-Johns that President Bush had discussed the U.S.-India
Civil Nuclear Cooperation Initiative with Danish Prime
Minister Rasmussen during PM Rasmussen's visit to Crawford in
June. Gaining international agreement and support for the
Initiative was vital to keeping India on a positive path of
civilian nuclear cooperation and would strengthen
international non-proliferation efforts, Ambassador Cain
explained. The IAEA Board of Governors had also signaled its
support for the Initiative in recently approving India's
safeguards agreement with the IAEA. The U.S. was therefore
hoping for Denmark's help in obtaining strong,
non-conditional support for the draft exception text to be
discussed at the upcoming Nuclear Suppliers Group meeting in
Vienna August 21-22.

3. (C) Zilmer-Johns recalled the Crawford discussions and
added that PM Rasmussen had also discussed the U.S.-India
Civil Nuclear Cooperation Initiative directly with the Indian
Prime Minister during a visit to New Delhi late last year.
Denmark was "acutely aware" of the Initiative's importance.
Zilmer-Johns continued that the proposed agreement, however,
was not without controversy among some domestic Danish
audiences. Denmark has traditionally taken a very tough line
on compliance with international non-proliferation regimes,
and Zilmer-Johns noted that Denmark still felt India needed
to take additional steps to demonstrate that the proposed
Initiative would not undermine existing regimes.
Zilmer-Johns stressed, however, that Denmark saw the
"long-term strategic perspective" of obtaining India's
cooperation on civilian nuclear energy, and the U.S.-India
Initiative was a "logical" vehicle for doing so.

4. (C) Zilmer-Johns continued that Denmark's decision making
would also be complicated by a strong domestic anti-nuclear
energy lobby. The Danish Government would thus have to work
hard for approval of any Danish endorsement of a NSG
exception text for India that would pave the way for a
U.S.-India deal. Zilmer-Johns said Danish Foreign Minister
Per Stig Moeller had already briefed the Danish Parliament's
Foreign Policy Committee on the broad outlines of the
U.S.-India deal. The Danish Government needs only a majority
vote in parliament to support an agreement, though the
government would prefer to have the largest opposition party,
the Social Democrats, also on board. Moeller plans to return
to the Foreign Policy Committee after the August 21-22 NSG
meeting, but his first opportunity to do so will be only on
September 4, which could conflict with the Danes reaching a
timely decision, Zilmer-Johns cautioned. Still, Denmark
"will not be a spoiler," Zilmer-Johns assured the Ambassador.


5. (C) Zilmer-Johns concluded by telling Ambassador Cain he
was "relatively optimistic" that Denmark would be helpful,
but that the Danish Government first "has work to do at
home." Ambassador Cain stressed that the USG was ready to
offer any assistance it could in helping the Danish
Government make its case to domestic audiences. Zilmer-Johns
said that the USG could "count on Denmark to be constructive"
and that Copenhagen's "end goal is to support and participate
in positive decision in the NSG."
CAIN
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1655638/11/200808COPENHAGEN427CONFIDENTIALEmbassy Copenhagen08STATE85678VZCZCXYZ0007
OO RUEHWEB

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FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 4396
INFO RUEHXP/ALL NATO POST COLLECTIVE IMMEDIATE
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000427

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 08/11/2018
TAGS: PREL, MARR, NATO, EUN, RU, GG, DA
SUBJECT: TFGG01: DANES SUPPORT NAC STATEMENT ON GEORGIA

REF: STATE 85678

Classified By: Pol/Econ Counselor Bill Mozdz...

C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000427 SIPDIS E.O. 12958: DECL: 08/11/2018 TAGS: PREL, MARR, NATO, EUN, RU, GG, DA SUBJECT: TFGG01: DANES SUPPORT NAC STATEMENT ON GEORGIA REF: STATE 85678 Classified By: Pol/Econ Counselor Bill Mozdzierz, reasons 1.4b,d 1. (C) Echoing strong statements from Danish Prime Minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen and FM Per Stig Moeller over the weekend, MFA Head of Department for Eastern Europe Ruben Madsen and acting Head of Security Policy Soren Rinder indicated Danish support for a NAC statement on Russian actions in Georgia. PM Rasmussen condemned the Russian military action August 9 as "unjustified," and an "unacceptable" violation of Georgian territory. 2. (C) Denmark regards Russian actions and motives in the conflict with deep suspicion, Madsen and Rinder suggested, but the Danish government remains concerned -- as always -- about maintaining unity within the Alliance and the EU. The Danes are prepared to press for a tough line with Moscow in the meetings ahead, including the August 12 NAC and a special GAERC meeting of EU foreign ministers the following day (which Per Stig Moeller will attend). 3. (C) The Secretary's August 8 conversation with Moeller was helpful in comparing notes, Rinder observed, even though Moeller's subsequent telephone exchange with the Abkhazian leader apparently did little to dissuade the Abkhazians from joining the conflict. MOZDZIERZ
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FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 4399
INFO RUEHZU/ASIAN PACIFIC ECONOMIC COOPERATIVE COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
RUCNMEM/EU MEMBER STATES PRIORITY
RUEHBJ/AMEMBASSY BEIJING PRIORITY 0600
RUEHBY/AMEMBASSY CANBERRA PRIORITY 0921
RUEHNE/AMEMBASSY NEW DELHI PRIORITY 0108
RUEHNY/AMEMBASSY OSLO PRIORITY 5524
RUEHOT/AMEMBASSY OTTAWA PRIORITY 2561
RUEHUL/AMEMBASSY SEOUL PRIORITY 0493
RUEHKO/AMEMBASSY TOKYO PRIORITY 0465
RUEHWL/AMEMBASSY WELLINGTON PRIORITY 0051
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000430

SIPDIS

FOR EAP/MLS - LAURA SCHEIBE, EUR, AND EUR/NB

E.O. 12958: DECL: 08/11/2018
TAGS: PGOV, ETRD, BM, EUN, DA
SUBJECT: DANES ON NEW BURMA SANCTIONS

REF: SECSTATE 83719

Classified By: Pol/Econ Counselor Bill Mozdzierz, reasons 1.4 (b) and (
d)

(C) Danish MFA Burma Section Head Kasper Thams Olsen told us
August 7 that Denmark remains among the EU's most vocal
advocates for a tougher line on Burma. Olsen also noted that
all parties in the Danish parliament are united in supporting
the current Burma sanctions regime. Olsen cautioned,
however, that the Danes are not confident that new EU
sanctions are in the offing. Olsen made specific reference
to France's EU Presidency as an unlikely moment to push for
additional EU sanctions, citing previous French resistance to
clamping down on Burma's oil sector. Olsen thanked us for
ref information on new U.S. sanctions, commenting that
Denmark found it helpful that the U.S. was being careful to
not take steps that might impede humanitarian NGO efforts
post-Nargis.
CAIN
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FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 4360
INFO RUCNMEM/EU MEMBER STATES PRIORITY
RUEHSB/AMEMBASSY HARARE PRIORITY 0011
RUEHKH/AMEMBASSY KHARTOUM PRIORITY 0008
RUEHKV/AMEMBASSY KYIV PRIORITY 0004
RUEHMO/AMEMBASSY MOSCOW PRIORITY 1406
RUEHNJ/AMEMBASSY NDJAMENA PRIORITY 0001
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK PRIORITY 1548
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000393

SIPDIS

STATE FOR EUR/ERA (JEFFREY GIAUQUE)

E.O. 12958: DECL: 7/17/2018
TAGS: EUN, PHUM, PREL, IR, SO, SU, CD, ZI, UP, DA
SUBJECT: DANISH VIEWS ON JULY GAERC MINISTERIAL

REF: STATE 75702

Classified By: Bill Mozdzierz, Acting Deputy Chief of Mission. Reasons
1.4(b) and (d).

1. (C). In a July 18 discussion of reftel, Danish MFA
European Correspondent Asif Amin informed PolOff that Denmark
supports the US positions on the GAERC agenda items. Due to
the FM's vacation schedule, Denmark's Ambassador in Brussels
will lead the Danish delegation. Because of the FM's
absence, Amin does not anticipate that Denmark will take the
lead in advocating its views at the Ministerial.

Zimbabwe
--------

2. (C) According to Amin, Zimbabwe is Denmark's top priority
on the GAERC agenda. Denmark supports the US draft UNSC
resolution and anticipates that the EU will impose an asset
freeze and travel ban at the July GAERC. An arms embargo is
not in the current EU plan. However, Amin anticipates the EU
will discuss an arms embargo at the September Ministerial,
absent significant positive developments in Zimbabwe.
Denmark supports a transitional government and a fair
referendum in Zimbabwe.

Iran
----

3. (C) Regarding Iran, Amin predicts EU action on UNSCR 1803
by the end of July. Denmark supports the US position as
outlined in reftel.

Somalia
-------

4. (C) Amin stated that Denmark supports UNSCR 1816 and the
CTF-150 operations off the coast of Somalia, as
Danish-flagged ships have been victims of piracy. Denmark is
participating in multi-national operations, but cannot
advocate the coordination of military financing within the EU
due to Denmark's defense opt-out provision.

Sudan and Chad
--------------

5. (C) Amin believes Denmark will wait until the ICC formally
issues its indictment of Sudanese President al-Bashir before
considering further action. Amin stressed that Denmark's
defense opt-out prevents Denmark from advocating a military
response in an EU forum.

Other Items
-----------

6. (C) Amin expressed particular interest in the anticipated
report by Tony Blair on the Middle East during the
Ministerial.
CAIN
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INFO RUEHGB/AMEMBASSY BAGHDAD PRIORITY 0073
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC PRIORITY
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHINGTON DC PRIORITY
RUEHNO/USMISSION USNATO BRUSSELS BE PRIORITY 1120
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC PRIORITY
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000384

SIPDIS

STATE FOR EUR/RPM (C. DAVY)

E.O. 12958: DECL: 07/15/2018
TAGS: PREL, MARR, NATO, IZ, DA
SUBJECT: DENMARK TO MAINTAIN CURRENT STAFFING LEVELS FOR
NATO TRAINING MISSION IN IRAQ (NTM-I)

REF: SECSTATE 73794

Classified By: Acting Political Counselor Erik Hall, reasons 1.4b,d

(C) Post conveyed reftel demarche points on July 10 to Matias
Lydholm, MFA Acting Head of Section, Security and Defense
Policy Cooperation. Lydholm informed us July 16 that Denmark
would maintain its current level of 14 trainers in support of
the NATO Training Mission in Iraq (NTM-I). Denmark does not
plan to increase its manpower contribution to NTM-I due to
Denmark's need for additional resources in Afghanistan.
CAIN
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RUEHC/DEPT OF INTERIOR WASHINGTON DC PRIORITY
RUEHZN/ENVIRONMENT SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY COLLECTIVE
RUEHHE/AMEMBASSY HELSINKI 3855
RUEHMO/AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 1399
RUEHNY/AMEMBASSY OSLO 5519
RUEHOT/AMEMBASSY OTTAWA 2559
RUEHRK/AMEMBASSY REYKJAVIK 0447
RUEHSM/AMEMBASSY STOCKHOLM 8953
RHMFISS/12SWS THULE AB GL
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 02 COPENHAGEN 000339

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 06/01/2018
TAGS: PGOV, PREL, SENV, KGHG, DA
SUBJECT: DEPUTY SECRETARY'S MEETING WITH GREENLANDIC
PREMIER ENOKSEN

Classified By: Regional Environmental Officer Erik Hall.
For reasons 1.4 (b&d).

1. (C) Summary: In a respectful but serious bilateral
meeting following the Arctic Ocean Conference in Ilulissat,
Greenland, Greenland Home Rule (GHR) Premier Hans Enoksen
expressed concern to Deputy Secretary Negroponte about the
U.S. listing of the polar bear as a threatened species. The
Greenlanders emphasized the negative effects of the ruling on
Greenlandic traditional culture, which shares with Inuit
cultures throughout the Arctic a respect for nature and
sustainable harvests of native wildlife. The Deputy
Secretary explained that the decision had already been taken,
and had been entirely science-based, under U.S. law. He
suggested that U.S. scientists share their evaluation of
world polar bear populations with Greenlandic scientists.
OES A/S McMurray explained that the decision would not affect
Greenland, since it does not export polar bear products to
the United States or conduct commercial hunting. The
Greenlanders emphasized their disagreement with the listing
nevertheless, but welcomed the opportunity to exchange
scientific information. They also expressed appreciation for
U.S. engagement with Greenland under the
U.S.-Denmark-Greenland Joint Committee. End Summary.

2. (SBU) Background: The May 28 meeting, after the
conclusion of the Arctic Ocean Conference in Ilulissat,
Greenland, came at Greenland's request. The Deputy Secretary
was accompanied in this meeting by Ambassador Cain, OES A/S
McMurray, Department Legal Advisor Bellinger, D Special
Assistant Wittenstein, and REO Hall (note-taker). Premier
Enoksen was accompanied by Finance and Foreign Minister Aleqa
Hammond; Deputy FM Inuteq Holm Olsen; Mikaela Engell, Danish
MFA Deputy Head of Department; and an interpreter.

Polar Bear Listing
------------------

3. (C) After expressing appreciation for improved relations
with the U.S. over the past few years, Premier Enoksen said
he hoped that relationship would continue to improve.
Nevertheless, Enoksen said the GHR government disagreed with
the recent U.S. decision to list polar bears as a threatened
species. Enoksen emphasized he intended to share this
concern "in a friendly manner" and "without an aggressive
tone in disagreement." Polar bears are a part of Greenlandic
culture, he said, and "we make our living with whales, seals,
polar bear, and they are crucial to us." A strict quota of
130 polar bears per year is imposed on Greenlandic hunters,
who are concentrated in isolated indigenous communities which
use the meat for their own subsistence. No bears with cubs
can be killed. Other quotas exist on the beluga and narwhal
whales, as well as birds. Hunters complain the bear quota is
too low, he said. A growing population of well-fed bears are
visiting our towns, he added.

4. (C) The Deputy Secretary told Enoksen that Secretary of
the Interior Kempthorne had based his decision strictly on
scientific evidence, and the decision was certainly not
intended to complicate U.S. relations with Greenland. A/S
McMurray explained that under U.S. law, the decision was
based exclusively on an evaluation of scientific evidence.
Before making the decision, Sec. Kempthorne had convened a
meeting of polar bear range states, including scientists from
Greenland. Greenlandic subsistence hunting should not be
directly affected by the listing, since Greenlandic polar
bear products are not exported to the United States. She
suggested scientific cooperation to study the polar bear
population in Greenland. The Deputy Secretary asked the
Premier what he would do in our position, with scientific
evidence that the polar bear population is endangered
worldwide. Enoksen recommended a strict management regime,
saying that Greenlanders have hunted the bear for thousands
of years, and wants to ensure their survival for generations
to come.

5. (C) FM Hammond expressed great respect for scientific
evidence, and said Greenlandic biologists from the Institute
of Natural Resources did not consider the bear to be
endangered but growing in population. She said it was
important to keep in mind the human dimension. Polar bear
meat is crucial to some isolated Greenlandic communities,

COPENHAGEN 00000339 002 OF 002


where alternatives do not exist.

6. (C) The Deputy Secretary suggested that it might be
useful for Greenlandic and U.S. scientists to share their
data, to increase understanding for the basis of the U.S.
decision. FM Hammond welcomed dialogue with the U.S.; she
also noted that the U.S. decision was featured prominently in
the Greenlandic press. The Deputy Secretary affirmed that
the U.S. decision had already been made, but expressed a
willingness to manage the issue to increase understanding, in
a spirit of friendship.

Appreciation for U.S. Engagement with Greenland
--------------------------------------------- --

7. (C) Enoksen thanked the Deputy Secretary for listening to
Greenland's concerns, and expressed appreciation for the
recent meeting of the U.S.-Denmark-Greenland Joint Committee
in Washington. He expressed gratitude to Ambassador Cain for
"his efforts as a fantastic facilitator and door opener for
Greenland." The Deputy Secretary concluded the meeting
saying the U.S. would "keep looking for ways to deepen the
(bilateral) relationship."

Comment
-------

8. (C) Greenlandic concerns regarding the polar bear were
clearly rooted in domestic debate caused by press coverage of
the recent U.S. announcement. It also reflected Greenlandic
concern over what is sometimes perceived as a lack of concern
for indigenous communities, traditions. Greenlanders
believe indigenous hunting practices have been and still are
sustainable, and contrast their approach to that of larger
industrial nations that have hunted some species of whale,
for example, to near-extinction. Greenlanders reject
decisions they perceive as stigmatizing traditional
indigenous culture, and complain that decisions on marine
mammal management are sometimes taken without what they feel
to be adequate consultation. Greenland's unease may also be
reflected in the narrative here that Canada came to a
different conclusion on the polar bear after taking
indigenous concerns into account.

9. (U) The Deputy Secretary's party reviewed this cable.
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RUEHHE/AMEMBASSY HELSINKI 3847
RUEHIL/AMEMBASSY ISLAMABAD 0789
RUEHBUL/AMEMBASSY KABUL 0072
RUEHMO/AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 1391
RUEHNY/AMEMBASSY OSLO 5511
RUEHRK/AMEMBASSY REYKJAVIK 0439
RUEHSM/AMEMBASSY STOCKHOLM 8945
RUEHSI/AMEMBASSY TBILISI 0145
RUEHNO/USMISSION USNATO BRUSSELS BE 1114
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 1539
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000336

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 06/01/2018
TAGS: PGOV, PREL, SENV, ETRD, PBTS, MARR, KGHG, AORC, DA
SUBJECT: DEPUTY SECRETARY'S MEETING WITH DANISH FM MOELLER
IN GREENLAND

Classified By: Regional Environmental Officer Erik Hall.
For reasons 1.4 b&d.

1. (C) Summary: In a May 27 meeting before the opening of
the Arctic Ocean Conference in Ilulissat, Greenland, Deputy
Secretary Negroponte and Danish FM Per Stig Moeller exchanged
perspectives on cooperation in the Arctic; underlined shared
goals for a climate change agreement and resolution of the
Doha trade round; reviewed prospects for NATO membership for
Georgia and discussed the current situations in Georgia,
Afghanistan, Pakistan. The Deputy Secretary urged Denmark to
consider the candidacy for IOM DirGen of Ambassador Swing;
Moeller said he would do so "constructively and positively."
End Summary.

2. (U) Background: The Deputy Secretary was accompanied in
this meeting by Ambassador Cain, OES A/S McMurray, Legal
Advisor Bellinger, D Special Assistant Wittenstein, and REO
Hall (note taker). Moeller was joined by MFA Legal Advisor
Peter Taksoe-Jensen; MFA Press Secretary Ulrik Vestergaard
Knudsen; FM Personal Secretary Nicolaj Petersen; and MFA
Arctic and Greenland Affairs Officer, Anja Bikram Jeffrey.

Arctic Ocean Conference
-----------------------

3. (C) FM Moeller thanked the Deputy Secretary for attending
the conference and for U.S. cooperation in its preparation.
He explained that Denmark's initiative convoking and
organizing the Arctic Ocean conference arose in light of
controversy following the Russian flag-planting on the North
Pole seabed. In that context Denmark had perceived a need
for the five coastal Arctic states to come together to
recognize and affirm their commitment to an orderly claims
process and special responsibilities to ensure the safety and
preserve the marine environment of a changing Arctic Ocean.
Moeller said he had spoken to then-FM Bernier of Canada days
before, and Russian FM Lavrov the day before, and received
assurances of their commitment to these aims of the
conference. He said Lavrov had downplayed Russia's
flag-planting, comparing it to U.S. flag-planting on the
moon. Asked by the Deputy Secretary how Sweden, Iceland and
Finland, the three Arctic Council states not included in the
conference, had reacted, Moeller said there were "no bad
feelings, you don't lose friends by coming here."

4. (C) The Deputy Secretary said the Administration
continued to urge the Senate to ratify the UN Convention on
the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), and had not given up all hope of
achieving this during the Bush Administration. Ratification
was clearly in the U.S. interest. Moeller agreed, joking
that "if you stay out, then the rest of us will have more to
carve up in the Arctic." The Deputy Secretary raised the
possibility of U.S. Coast Guard follow-up on search and
rescue in the Arctic, which Moeller welcomed. The Deputy
Secretary also described U.S. concern that Russia has not
been forthcoming on U.S. requests to conduct scientific
research within Russia's exclusive economic zone, saying he
would raise the issue with Lavrov. A/S McMurray urged the
Danes to do the same. Danish Legal Advisor Taksoe-Jensen
said the Russians had resisted Denmark's attempt to insert
stronger language on this issue into the draft conference
declaration.

Georgia
-------

5. (C) FM Moeller said Denmark and Sweden had supported the
U.S. position on Georgia in NATO, although some so-called
"old European" countries like Germany were opposed due to
their accommodating "Ost politik." The Deputy Secretary
noted that PM Fogh Rasmussen and President Bush had been
strongly in agreement on the subject at their Crawford
meeting in March. As expected, the lack of a NATO decision
had provoked Russian bullying. Since the NATO summit, the
U.S. has been concerned with preventing a Georgian conflict.
EUR DAS Bryza was in Georgia to promote dialogue between the
Georgians and Abkhazians. Moeller said Russian FM Lavrov had
told him Russia would permit that dialogue to take place.

Afghanistan
-----------

6. (C) FM Moeller noted that President Karzai was weakening.
Denmark was particularly concerned that Afghan courts would
soon decide whether to execute a man for downloading material
on women's human rights from the Internet. Should the man be
executed, parliamentary support for Denmark's military
assistance in Afghanistan could weaken. President Karzai
needed to do more to fight corruption, he said. The Deputy
Secretary agreed, but emphasized the need to build
institutions. The European Union is uniquely qualified to do
so.

7. (C) Moeller agreed, saying the EU had "not done enough"
and the EC had indeed tried to cut its support in this area.
Danish efforts to restore European Commission funding were
successful, however, and would now be increased over last
year. The Deputy Secretary said the Afghan army was getting
stronger. There was debate within the USG over whether to
increase the size of the allied peacekeeping force from
80,000 to 120,000. Moeller said Denmark was elaborating a
new Afghanistan policy through 2012 which would include
sending more trainers for the Afghan army (OMLTs). There
were some legal questions to work out first, however,
relating to embedding, he said.

Pakistan
--------

8. (C) FM Moeller inquired about the Deputy Secretary's
impressions from his recent visit to Pakistan. The Deputy
Secretary said the good news had been the well-managed
election, but the political situation in Pakistan is not
encouraging. Unresolved tension between Asif Ali Zardari and
Nawaz Sharif was hampering the government's ability to handle
the militants. Moeller asked what could be done, warning
that should Pakistan become an Islamist state, Afghanistan
would likely be lost. The Deputy Secretary said our options
are limited, but encouraged EU support for civil
institutional development in the tribal areas. The U.S. is
contributing $150 million over five years. FM Moeller said
he had included cross-border support in the Danish
Afghanistan strategy, and Denmark was "concretely supporting"
cross-border projects from its position in Afghanistan's
Helmand province.

Joint Committee
---------------

9. (SBU) FM Moeller told the Deputy Secretary that the
U.S.-Denmark-Greenland Joint Committee was "working well,"
but could always be improved. One area for possible
cooperation was in the area of "hydrogen energy research."
(Note: Moeller was apparently referring to a new climate
research institute recently announced by the Greenland Home
Rule government, which is slated to open in 2009. The Joint
Committee pledged to investigate opportunities for
collaboration with the institute as it develops.) Ambassador
Cain responded that the U.S. is very willing to explore all
possible avenues of cooperation with its Danish and
Greenlandic partners.

Climate Change
--------------

10. (C) The Deputy Secretary raised the issue of global
climate change negotiations, saying the U.S. had shifted its
position and would be willing to accept binding emissions
mandates as long as China and India accept some form of
enforceable obligation under the post-Kyoto regime. Moeller
mentioned the Montreal Protocol as a good model for
differentiated responsibilities in reducing greenhouse gas
emissions. Under that arrangement, which solved the problem
of the ozone hole, developing countries were given an extra
10 years to meet their phase-out targets. Taksoe-Jensen said
China and India want the U.S. to commit to emissions
reductions first. The Deputy Secretary expressed concern
that EU criticism of the U.S. might give China and India the
impression they were "off the hook."

Doha Round
----------

11. (C) FM Moeller said Denmark was fighting to "save the
Doha Round," and asked for Deputy Secretary Negroponte's
views on its prospects. The Deputy Secretary said he
understood from USTR that Brazil was a problem. The U.S. had
not given up, but the situation appeared "not hopeless but
not promising." Moeller said industry was the key for
Europe. Brazil might be influenced by the world food crisis,
wanting to stop the export of its rice to China.
Unfortunately, if a compromise deal is not possible now, it
would likely take many more years.

Swing Candidacy
---------------

12. (C) The Deputy Secretary briefed FM Moeller on the
candidacy of Ambassaor William Swing for DirGen of the
International rganization for Migration (IOM), noting the
Amercan incumbent does not enjoy U.S. support for his
re-election bid for a third term. He described Abassador
Swing's experience in a variety of challenging assignments
and urged FM Moeller to consider him as "your kind of guy."
Moeller pledged to look "constructively and positively" on
Swing's candidacy. (Note: Ambassador Swing's CV was shared
with the Danish delegation during the conference.)

13. (U) The Deputy Secretary's party has reviewed this cable.
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RUEHC/DEPT OF INTERIOR WASHINGTON DC PRIORITY
RUEHHE/AMEMBASSY HELSINKI 3853
RUEHMO/AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 1397
RUEHNY/AMEMBASSY OSLO 5517
RUEHOT/AMEMBASSY OTTAWA 2557
RUEHRK/AMEMBASSY REYKJAVIK 0445
RUEHSM/AMEMBASSY STOCKHOLM 8951
RHMFISS/12SWS THULE AB GL
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000338

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 06/01/2018
TAGS: PGOV, PREL, SENV, KGHG, ENRG, EPET, CA
SUBJECT: DEPUTY SECRETARY'S MEETING WITH CANADIAN RESOURCE
MINISTER LUNN IN GREENLAND

Classified By: Regional Environmental Officer Erik Hall.
For reasons 1.4 (b&d).

1. (C) Summary: Deputy Secretary Negroponte met with
Canadian Minister of Natural Resources Gary Lunn on May 28
following the Arctic Ocean Conference at Ilulissat,
Greenland. They discussed the recent U.S. listing of the
polar bear as a threatened species, energy resource
exploitation in the Canadian Arctic, climate change and
carbon markets, trade and legal issues. End Summary.

2. (U) Background: The Deputy Secretary was accompanied in
this meeting by Ambassador Cain, OES A/S McMurray, Legal
Advisor Bellinger, D Special Assistant Wittenstein, and REO
Hall (note-taker). Minister Lunn was accompanied by
Ambassador to Denmark Fredericka Gregory; Legal Advisor Alan
Kessel; Claude Carriere, Associate Deputy Minister of Natural
Resources; and Monique Carpentier, DirGen in the Ministry of
Natural Resources.

Polar Bear Listing
------------------

3. (C) Minister Lunn explained that Canada's decision on
whether to list the polar bear was different from that of the
U.S., since the polar bear hunt was economically important to
some Canadian communities. A bear trophy could bring up to
$50,000 from hunters. Lunn said Canada had entered into an
MOU with the U.S. Department of Interior over protection of
the polar bear, which had also raised some concerns among
indigenous communities of the far north. A/S McMurray said
the U.S. may be interested in a pursuing a treaty as a
follow-up to the MOU just agreed.

Energy in the Canadian Arctic
-----------------------------

4. (C) After agreeing that the outcome of the conference had
been positive, Lunn proceeded to outline tremendous potential
for Canadian energy exploitation to supply the U.S. market.
Canada is working with the U.S. to open up the Mackenzie
River basin bordering Alaska, he said. Gas hydrates and
methane potential is vast in the far north (10 times Canada's
oil sands reserves), if methods can be developed to exploit
it. Joint research is ongoing with Japan, he said. Asked by
the Deputy Secretary about cooperation with the U.S., Lunn
said he had discussed the issue with Energy Secretary Bodman.
Canada has the potential to supply 25 percent of U.S. energy
needs, he said.

NAFTA/Trade
-----------

5. (C) The Deputy Secretary acknowledged that border
"thickening" with Canada was an unfortunate consequence of
national securiQ concerns. Lunn said NAFTA had given Canada
a new relationship with Mexico, but had complicated Canada's
border relations with the U.S., its sole market for energy
due to infrastructure constraints. Canada is working on
diversifying to permit export of its energy to Asia, to cut
the "captive market discount" estimated at U.S. $10/barrel of
oil. Canada is now considering seeking bilateral discussions
with the U.S. on border trade issues, outside of NAFTA.
Kessel said Canada is working on a police ship rider program
with the Coast Guard, which is nearing agreement. Lunn said
that for 32 U.S. states, Canada is the number one trade
partner. PM Harper and President Bush had held positive
discussions in New Orleans, he said.

Climate and Carbon Markets
--------------------------

6. (C) Lunn admitted that Canada's greenhouse gas emissions
had risen 32-33 percent since 1990, while the U.S. increase
during the same period was 17-18 percent. He said that in
the future, Canada's stringent carbon constraints would
increase the cost of Canadian fossil fuels. All new oil
collected from sands as well as coal extraction must meet new
carbon capture and storage requirements from 2012. Canada
wants a "real" carbon trading system, "unlike Europe and
Russia's 'hot air' system," he said. Lunn expressed hope
that a U.S.-Canadian carbon trading system will evolve. The
largest carbon sequestration and storage project in the world
was transporting 10 million metric tons of carbon emitted
from U.S. power plants in Wisconsin to Saskatchewan, where it
was being injected into oil fields where 99% would be
captured for at least 5,000 years.

Legal Issues
------------

7. (C) The Deputy Secretary raised the importance of
resolving outstanding boundary disputes between Canada and
the U.S., saying our respective legal advisors are "talking
about talking." Legal Advisor Bellinger asked whether Canada
had heard from Sweden, Finland or Iceland, who had not been
invited to this conference. Kessel said the issue had come
up at the first meeting of the Arctic Council coastal states
in Oslo in November. The Canadian view was that if the other
three Arctic Council members had an interest, it was better
to invite them. Keeping the group limited to the five
littoral states also risks appearing to exclude the
indigenous permanent participants of the Arctic Council. The
Deputy Secretary said he understood the Danish rationale for
use of the five as an Arctic Council core group on certain
issues, but not for everything.

8. (U) The Deputy Secretary's party reviewed this cable.
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INFO RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHINGTON DC PRIORITY
RUEHHE/AMEMBASSY HELSINKI 3850
RUEHIL/AMEMBASSY ISLAMABAD 0792
RUEHBUL/AMEMBASSY KABUL 0075
RUEHMO/AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 1394
RUEHNY/AMEMBASSY OSLO 5514
RUEHOT/AMEMBASSY OTTAWA 2554
RUEHRK/AMEMBASSY REYKJAVIK 0442
RUEHSM/AMEMBASSY STOCKHOLM 8948
RHMFISS/12SWS THULE AB GL
RUEHGV/USMISSION GENEVA 0678
RUEHUNV/USMISSION UNVIE VIENNA 0023
RUEHNO/USMISSION USNATO BRUSSELS BE 1117
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 1542
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000337

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 06/01/2018
TAGS: PGOV, PREL, SENV, PBTS, MARR, KGHG, ETRD, NO
SUBJECT: DEPUTY SECRETARY'S MEETING WITH NORWEGIAN FM
STOERE IN GREENLAND

Classified By: Regional Environmental Officer Erik Hall.
For reasons 1.4 (b&d).

1. (C) Summary: In a May 28 meeting before the start of the
Arctic Ocean Conference in Ilulissat, Greenland, Norwegian FM
Jonas Gahr Stoere and Deputy Secretary Negroponte discussed
Arctic issues, Afghanistan, Pakistan, cluster munitions, and,
briefly, the Doha Round of trade negotiations. Stoere raised
a lawsuit of great concern to Norway, pending in a Tampa
district court, which Legal Advisor Bellinger pledged to look
into. End Summary.

2. (U) Background: D was accompanied to this meeting by OES
A/S McMurray, Department Legal Advisor Bellinger, D Special
Assistant Wittenstein, and REO Hall. FM Stoere was
accompanied by Joerg Willy Bronebakk, Norwegian Ambassador to
Denmark; Rolf Einar Fife, MFA Legal Affairs DirGen; Torgeir
Larsen, MFA Deputy Director General of the Minister's
Secretariat; and Robert Kvile, MFA Deputy Director General
for the High North, Resources and Russia.

Russia/High North/Arctic Issues
-------------------------------

3. (C) FM Stoere expressed appreciation for U.S.-Norwegian
intelligence cooperation and declared a "forward-leaning"
Russia to be the focus of its "High North" policy. Stoere
characterized Norway's bilateral relationship with Russia as
"quite correct and constructive," citing energy potential in
the Barents Sea and jointly managed fisheries as examples.
He would be meeting with FM Lavrov in two weeks for talks on
both sides of the border near Murmansk. Stoere noted that PM
Putin had recently given a 10-year tax break to Russian oil
and gas companies, reflecting the first dip in production.
Analysis of international energy supplies might be another
area in which the U.S. and Norway could cooperate, Stoere
said. He also noted that Norway now supplies natural gas to
the U.S. via its LNG facility in Hammarfest, which ships to
Baltimore port. Asked by the Deputy Secretary about
environmental cooperation with Russia, Stoere said there had
been cooperation on environmental standards under the Law of
the Sea (UNCLOS), but there is a need for new policies to
match increased activity in the Arctic region. Russia had a
strongly skeptical scientific tradition when it came to
climate change, Stoere said.

4. (C) Turning to the Arctic Council, Stoere said Norway
believed the Council should be made "more political, in the
right sense of the word." He would try to convene a
sub-ministerial meeting in the fall to do so, before Norway
hands the AC chair to Denmark in March, 2009. The Council's
technical groups work fine, but perhaps it would be useful to
debate the implications of various studies, and briefly
discuss the results of this conference. A/S McMurray said
this was the first we had heard of such a meeting and asked
for further details. She added that we have at times
considered the AC as unwieldy for political discussions. A
smaller group such as the five states at this conference
might be more conducive to political discussions. FM Stoere
agreed, citing the U.S.-Norway North Atlantic dialogue as a
model for discussion among friendly states. Asked by the
Deputy Secretary about Canada, FM Stoere said Norway had a
similar relationship with Canada, which was traditionally
focused on indigenous issues, but strategic issues were now
"on the rise." Norway and Canada have exchanged information
on the Arctic continental shelf, he said.

5. (C) Asked whether the UNCLOS territorial claim commission
would settle boundaries, FM Stoere said it is for states, not
the commission, to settle overlapping claims by negotiation.
Norway will have competing claims with Russia. Legal Advisor
Fife said the southern part of their respective Arctic claims
had the greatest potential to conflict. Asked about the
Russians, FM Stoere said it appeared there were internal
divisions within the Russian government over claims. The
Duma is conveniently blamed by the Russian executive for
being difficult. Asked by the Deputy Secretary if he was
E suggesting creation of an alternate body to adjudicate
claims, Stoere said no, Norway viewed the UNCLOS structure as
adequate.

6. (C) The Deputy Secretary told Stoere the Administration
continued to urge the U.S. Senate to ratify UNCLOS, and had
nearly completed an internal review of U.S. policy in the
Arctic. A/S McMurray added that existing policy, dating to
1994, needed updating to take into account changes due to
climate change and other emerging priorities.

Afghanistan
-----------

7. (C) Turning to Afghanistan, FM Stoere said the June 12
meeting in Paris will be very important. Norway has
increased its civilian, anti-corruption aid by 50 percent,
and sees a need to coordinate international efforts in this
area. The Deputy Secretary voiced strong support for new UN
envoy Kai Eide. Stoere said the UN envoy needs a "political
mandate to pick up the phones." Without progress, there is
danger of "donor fatigue," Stoere warned, as Afghanistan
becomes increasingly occupied with domestic infighting. He
wondered how much that infighting reflected President
Karzai's long term versus election-driven perspective. The
Deputy Secretary said the long term perspective must include
not just punishing corruption, but also the need to build
capacity to implement the rule of law and effective policing.
FM Stoere agreed, saying the U.S. emphasis on rule of law
was "really important."

Pakistan
--------

8. (C) Asked by the FM about his views on Pakistan, the
Deputy Secretary said unresolved political tensions between
Asif Ali Zardari and Nawaz Sharif had distracted them from
countering militant activity. The Deputy Secretary said the
U.S. would like to put our relations with Pakistan on a
firmer footing, and to that end has invested $150 million
each year in a five-year program to support civilian
institutions in the tribal areas. We are hopeful the
Japanese and Saudi governments might offer additional
support, he said.

Cluster Munitions
-----------------

9. (C) The Deputy Secretary raised the issue of cluster
munitions talks, mentioning the recent visit to Oslo of
Acting U/S for Arms Control and International Security, John
Rood. FM Stoere expressed hope that talks in Dublin would
achieve consensus, saying discussions there had narrowed to
the issue of definitions and the issue of interoperability
"It was never our intention to seek a total ban," he said,
"which would be impractical and unrealistic." Instead,
Norway sought consensus including exceptions and adequate
transition time of 8-10 years, he said. Interoperability is
as important to Norway as to others, he said, and Norway had
tried hard to find alternatives. The Deputy Secretary
emphasized U.S. concerns over interoperability.

Court Case Against Statoil in Tampa
-----------------------------------

10. (C) FM Stoere raised an anti-trust class action suit
lodged April 23 in a Tampa district court against Norway's
Statoil, Mexico's Pemex, and Saudi oil companies. Statoil is
facing a July response date. FM Stoere said the suit
violated key principles of exclusive sovereign rights, and
warned that it could negatively impact perceptions of
investment security in the United States. Legal Advisor
Bellinger told Stoere that the USG shared his concerns. The
Department does not usually involve itself in these cases
until they reach the appellate level, but would look into the
case. Norwegian Legal Advisor Fife said Norway had shared
its concerns in the IEA, and that a "nervous feeling is
percolating through our systems and could begin to affect
investments."

Doha Round
----------

12. (C) FM Stoere said he would soon meet with USTR Schwab
to discuss WTO negotiations. The Deputy Secretary said it
does not look promising, and that Brazil was a concern, but
that the U.S. had not given up hope.

13. (U) The Deputy Secretary's party reviewed this cable.
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SIPDIS
NOFORN

E.O. 12958: DECL: 06/09/2018
TAGS: PINR, MARR, DA
SUBJECT: DANISH FM MOELLER ASKS FOR HELP ON OVERFLIGHTS AND
INTERROGATION ISSUES

Classified By: Deputy Chief of Mission Sandra Kaiser.
For reasons 1.4 (b, c, d),

1. (S/NF) Summary: In a May 27 meeting on the margins of
the Arctic Ocean Conference in Ilulissat, Greenland
(septels), FM Moeller asked Deputy Secretary Negroponte for
help with the Danish government's investigation into press
accounts of possible U.S. rendition flights through Danish
airspace. The Deputy Secretary noted that U.S. policy is not
to comment publicly on this issue, and suggested that U.S.
and Danish legal advisors meet to discuss the issue further.
End Summary.

2. (U) Background: The Deputy Secretary was accompanied in
this meeting by Ambassador Cain, OES A/S McMurray, Legal
Advisor Bellinger, D Special Assistant Wittenstein, and REO
Hall (note taker). Moeller was joined by MFA Legal Advisor
Peter Taksoe-Jensen; MFA Press Secretary Ulrik Vestergaard
Knudsen; FM Personal Secretary Nicolaj Petersen; and MFA
Arctic and Greenland Affairs Officer, Anja Bikram Jeffrey.

3. (S/NF) Moeller recalled previous official assurances that
the U.S. had not violated Danish rules or international law,
but said new press accounts and parliamentary pressure
required a public affirmation from the U.S. and clarification
about specific flights.

4. (S/NF) The Deputy Secretary recommended that legal
advisors from both governments meet to discuss this issue,
while noting that standard U.S. policy is not to comment
publicly. FM Moeller indicated that he understood the
dilemma facing the U.S., particularly with respect to other
countries who have asked for similar assurances, but he
emphasized that Denmark needs answers to its questions.
Moeller remarked, however, that the Danish government is
prepared to work with the U.S. on which questions to ask.
The Deputy Secretary again suggested that the matter be
addressed by legal advisors.

5. (C) Moeller then raised Danish concerns about
interrogation techniques used against terror suspects,
reminding the Deputy Secretary of Denmark's opposition to the
practice of "waterboarding." The Deputy Secretary stated
that waterboarding had only been used in the limited
instances described publicly by the Director of the Central
Intelligence Agency and that it is not one of the approved
techniques today. Moeller asked whether he could say
publicly that he had been informed that the U.S. currently
does not use this technique, and the Deputy Secretary replied
that he could.

6. (U) The Deputy Secretary's party has reviewed this cable.

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SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 06/01/2018
TAGS: PGOV, PREL, SENV, PBTS, MARR, KGHG, ETRD, NO
SUBJECT: DEPUTY SECRETARY'S MEETING WITH NORWEGIAN FM
STOERE IN GREENLAND

Classified By: Regional Environmental Officer Erik Hall.
For reasons 1.4 (b&d).

1. (C) Summary: In a May 28 meeting before the start of the
Arctic Ocean Conference in Ilulissat, Greenland, Norwegian FM
Jonas Gahr Stoere and Deputy Secretary Negroponte discussed
Arctic issues, Afghanistan, Pakistan, cluster munitions, and,
briefly, the Doha Round of trade negotiations. Stoere raised
a lawsuit of great concern to Norway, pending in a Tampa
district court, which Legal Advisor Bellinger pledged to look
into. End Summary.

2. (U) Background: D was accompanied to this meeting by OES
A/S McMurray, Department Legal Advisor Bellinger, D Special
Assistant Wittenstein, and REO Hall. FM Stoere was
accompanied by Joerg Willy Bronebakk, Norwegian Ambassador to
Denmark; Rolf Einar Fife, MFA Legal Affairs DirGen; Torgeir
Larsen, MFA Deputy Director General of the Minister's
Secretariat; and Robert Kvile, MFA Deputy Director General
for the High North, Resources and Russia.

Russia/High North/Arctic Issues
-------------------------------

3. (C) FM Stoere expressed appreciation for U.S.-Norwegian
intelligence cooperation and declared a ""forward-leaning""
Russia to be the focus of its ""High North"" policy. Stoere
characterized Norway's bilateral relationship with Russia as
""quite correct and constructive,"" citing energy potential in
the Barents Sea and jointly managed fisheries as examples.
He would be meeting with FM Lavrov in two weeks for talks on
both sides of the border near Murmansk. Stoere noted that PM
Putin had recently given a 10-year tax break to Russian oil
and gas companies, reflecting the first dip in production.
Analysis of international energy supplies might be another
area in which the U.S. and Norway could cooperate, Stoere
said. He also noted that Norway now supplies natural gas to
the U.S. via its LNG facility in Hammarfest, which ships to
Baltimore port. Asked by the Deputy Secretary about
environmental cooperation with Russia, Stoere said there had
been cooperation on environmental standards under the Law of
the Sea (UNCLOS), but there is a need for new policies to
match increased activity in the Arctic region. Russia had a
strongly skeptical scientific tradition when it came to
climate change, he said.

4. (C) Turning to the Arctic Council, Stoere said Norway
believed the Council should be made ""more political, in the
right sense of the word."" He would try to convene a
sub-ministerial meeting in the fall to do so, before Norway
hands the AC chair to Denmark in March, 2009. The Council's
technical groups work fine, but perhaps it would be useful to
debate the implications of various studies, and briefly
discuss the results of this conference. A/S McMurray said
this was the first we had heard of such a meeting and that we
have always considered the AC as unwieldy for political
discussions. A smaller group such as the five states at this
conference might be more conducive to political discussions.
FM Stoere agreed, citing the U.S.-Norway North Atlantic
dialogue as a model for discussion among friendly states.
Asked by the Deputy Secretary about Canada, FM Stoere said
Norway had a similar relationship with Canada, which was
traditionally focused on indigenous issues, but strategic
issues were now ""on the rise."" Norway and Canada have
exchanged information on the Arctic continental shelf, he
said.

5. (C) Asked whether the UNCLOS territorial claim commission
would settle boundaries, FM Stoere said it is for states, not
the commission, to settle overlapping claims by negotiation.
Norway will have competing claims with Russia. Legal Advisor
Fife said the southern part of their respective Arctic claims
had the greatest potential to conflict. Asked about the
Russians, FM Stoere said it appeared there were internal
divisions within the Russian government over claims. The
Duma is conveniently blamed by the Russian executive for
being difficult. Asked by the Deputy Secretary if he was

suggesting creation of an alternate body to adjudicate
claims, Stoere said no, Norway viewed the UNCLOS structure as
adequate.

6. (C) The Deputy Secretary told Stoere the Administration
continued to urge the U.S. Senate to ratify UNCLOS, and was
conducting an internal Arctic policy review. A/S McMurray
added that existing policy, dating to 1994, needed updating
to take into account changes due to climate change and other
emerging priorities.

Afghanistan
-----------

7. (C) Turning to Afghanistan, FM Stoere said the June 12
meeting in Paris will be very important. Norway has
increased its civilian, anti-corruption aid by 50 percent,
and sees a need to coordinate international efforts in this
area. The Deputy Secretary voiced strong support for new UN
envoy Kai Eide. Stoere said the UN envoy needs a ""political
mandate to pick up the phones."" Without progress, there is
danger of ""donor fatigue,"" Stoere warned, as Afghanistan
becomes increasing occupied with domestic infighting. He
wondered how much that infighting reflected President
Karzai's long term versus election-driven perspective. The
Deputy Secretary said the long term perspective must include
not just punishing corruption, but also the need to build
capacity to implement the rule of law and effective policing.
FM Stoere agreed, saying the U.S. emphasis on rule of law
was ""really important.""

Pakistan
--------

8. (C) Asked by the FM about his views on Pakistan, the
Deputy Secretary said unresolved political tensions between
Asif Ali Zardari and Nawaz Sharif had distracted them from
countering militant activity. The Deputy Secretary said the
U.S. would like to put our relations with Pakistan on a
firmer footing, and to that end has invested $150 million
each year in a five-year program to support civilian
institutions in the tribal areas. We are hopeful the
Japanese and Saudi governments might offer additional
support, he said.

Cluster Munitions
-----------------

9. (C) The Deputy Secretary raised the issue of cluster
munitions talks, mentioning the recent visit to Oslo of
Acting U/S for Arms Control and International Security, John
Rood. FM Stoere expressed hope that talks in Dublin would
achieve consensus, saying discussions there had narrowed to
the issue of definitions and the issue of interoperability
""It was never our intention to seek a total ban,"" he said,
""which would be impractical and unrealistic."" Instead,
Norway sought consensus including exceptions and adequate
transition time of 8-10 years, he said. Interoperability is
as important to Norway as to others, he said, and Norway had
tried hard to find alternatives. The Deputy Secretary
emphasized U.S. concerns over interoperability.

Court Case Against Statoil in Tampa
-----------------------------------

10. (C) FM Stoere raised an anti-trust class action suit
lodged April 23 in a Tampa district court against Norway's
Statoil, Mexico's Pemex, and Saudi oil companies. Statoil is
facing a July response date. FM Stoere said the suit
violated key principles of exclusive sovereign rights, and
warned that it could negatively impact perceptions of
investment security in the United States. Legal Advisor
Bellinger told Stoere that the USG shared his concerns. The
Department does not usually involve itself in these cases
until they reach the appellate level, but would look into the
case. Norwegian Legal Advisor Fife said Norway had shared
its concerns in the IEA, and that a ""nervous feeling is

percolating through our systems and could begin to affect
investments.""

Doha Round
----------

12. (C) FM Stoere said he would soon meet with USTR Schwab
to discuss WTO negotiations. The Deputy Secretary said it
does not look promising, and that Brazil was a concern, but
that the U.S. had not given up hope.

13. (U) The Deputy Secretary's party reviewed this cable.
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SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 06/06/2018
TAGS: PGOV, PREL, PTER, DA
SUBJECT: DENMARK AFTER EMBASSY BOMBING: "NO APOLOGIES"

Classified By: Deputy Chief of Mission Sandra Kaiser, reasons 1.4 (b) a
nd (d).

1. (C) Danish government leaders and politicians of all
stripes here have responded with defiance to al-Qaeda's claim
that it was responsible for the June 2 bombing of the Danish
embassy in Islamabad. Prime Minister Rasmussen and Foreign
Minister Moeller have stated publicly that Denmark will not
apologize for the Mohammed cartoons and their re-printing
earlier this year, al-Qaeda's suggested motive for the
attack. While most Danish political parties have backed the
PM and FM, the Islamabad attack and al-Qaeda's claim of
responsibility have touched off a potentially contentious
debate on the direction of Danish foreign policy. A few are
asking whether Denmark in recent years has been too
aggressive and too closely associated with the United States
in pursuing Danish interests overseas. End Summary.

2. (SBU) One of the biggest questions surrounding the June 2
car bomb attack on the Danish embassy in Islamabad was
answered June 4 when al-Qaeda released a message from senior
AQ associate Mustafa Abu al-Yazid claiming responsibility for
the attack. Al-Yazid's message suggested the Islamabad
attack was retaliation for caricatures of the Prophet
Mohammed printed in Danish newspapers in 2006 and re-printed
again earlier this year. The AQ missive further demanded
that those responsible "apologize immediately."

3. (SBU) Danish Prime Minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen said
there was no reason to doubt al-Qaeda's claim of
responsibility, and he was quick and resolute in his
response. Rasmussen vowed that there would be "no mention"
of any apology for the Mohammed cartoons, adding that "I can
say flat out that terrorists do not control the direction of
Danish foreign policy." Danish Foreign Minister Per Stig
Moeller, in a metaphor that generated chuckles here, compared
al-Qaeda to a garden slug infestation currently plaguing
Denmark, saying "there are no snails in my garden. The
snails can be stopped, and al-Qaeda can, too... We have to
fight with hard power," said Moeller. Moeller also said
there would be no apologies for Denmark's role in the
Mohammed cartoon crisis.

4. (SBU) The government's line has received broad backing
within the Danish parliament, with the largest opposition
party, the Social Democrats, backing the FM and PM. When
Social Liberal Party leader Margrethe Vestager asked
Wednesday whether Islamabad wasn't an occasion to question
the overall direction of Danish foreign policy, she was
loudly condemned from nearly all corners of the Danish
political world for raising that question so soon after the
attack. Solidarity seems to be trumping other political
instincts as Denmark grapples with how to respond to
Islamabad.

5. (C) Danish concern is visceral. Our ministerial and law
enforcement contacts believe Danish embassies are exposed and
vulnerable to follow-up or copycat attacks. (We are working
closely with those contacts to help them investigate and
gather intelligence on the attack.) Al-Yazid's announcement
has had the effect of keeping the policy debate, and the
blame for and focus of the attack, squarely trained on
al-Qaeda. However, there are some here who, like Vestager,
are already asking whether Denmark has been too aggressive in
promoting freedom of speech and human rights abroad, and
whether it has done enough on Muslim integration at home.
Some of these voices are already suggesting, quietly for now,
that Danish policy initiatives have been too aggressive, too
high-profile, and too closely identified with the United
States. Pakistan's ambassador to Denmark raised eyebrows
here this week when, after apologizing for the Islamabad
attack, she directed a harsh rhetorical question at the
Danish newspaper that published the Mohammed cartoons, "Are
you satisfied now?" Other critics point to Danish
involvement in Afghanistan as a continuing danger for Danish
interests at home and overseas. One prominent Danish CEO
(whose company, Grundfos, recently had one of its
subsidiaries blacklisted by the UN for involvement in the
Iraq oil-for-food scandal) asked today whether Islamabad was
not a sign that Denmark's forward-leaning foreign policy is
hurting the country's commercial interests. Once the
immediacy and shock of the Islamabad attack fade, Danish
politicians may have to work harder to maintain the consensus
that has underpinned Denmark's ambitious foreign policy
agenda. For now, though, Denmark remains defiant.
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C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 02 COPENHAGEN 000325

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 06/01/2018
TAGS: PGOV, PREL, SENV, KGHG, DA
SUBJECT: DEPUTY SECRETARY'S MEETING WITH GREENLANDIC
PREMIER ENOKSEN


///ZFR - MESSAGE WILL BE RESENT WITH NEW MRN///


COPENHAGEN 00000325 002 OF 002


///ZFR - MESSAGE WILL BE RESENT WITH NEW MRN///

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RUEHSM/AMEMBASSY STOCKHOLM 8936
RHMFISS/12SWS THULE AB GL
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000324

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 06/01/2018
TAGS: PGOV, PREL, SENV, KGHG, ENRG, EPET, CA
SUBJECT: DEPUTY SECRETARY'S MEETING WITH CANADIAN RESOURCE
MINISTER LUNN N GREENLAND


Classified By: Regional Environmentl Officer Erik Hall.
For reasons 1.4 (b&d).

1. (C) Summary: Deputy Secretary Negroponte met with
Canadian Minister of Natural Resources Gary Lunn on May 28
following the Arctic Ocean Conference at Ilulissat,
Greenland. They discussed the recent U.S. listing of the
polar bear as a threatened species, energy resource
exploitation in the Canadian Arctic, climate change and
carbon markets, trade and legal issues. End Summary.

2. (U) Background: The Deputy Secretary was accompanied in
this meeting by Ambassador Cain, OES A/S McMurray, Legal
Advisor Bellinger, D Special Assistant Wittenstein, and REO
Hall (note-taker). Minister Lunn was accompanied by
Ambassador to Denmark Fredericka Gregory; Legal Advisor Alan
Kessel; Claude Carriere, Associate Deputy Minister of Natural
Resources; and Monique Carpentier, DirGen in the Ministry of
Natural Resources.

Polar Bear Listing
------------------

3. (C) Minister Lunn explained that Canada's decision on
whether to list the polar bear was different from that of the
U.S., since the polar bear hunt was economically important to
some Canadian communities. A bear trophy could bring up to
$50,000 from hunters. Lunn said Canada had entered into an
MOU with the U.S. Department of Interior over protection of
the polar bear, which had also raised some concerns among
indigenous communities of the far north. A/S McMurray said
the U.S. was interested in continuing these discussions.

Energy in the Canadian Arctic
-----------------------------

4. (C) After agreeing the outcome of the conference had been
positive, Lunn proceeded to outline tremendous potential for
Canadian energy exploitation to supply the U.S. market.
Canada is working with the U.S. to open up the Mackenzie
River basin bordering Alaska, he said. Gas hydrates and
methane potential is vast in the far north (10 times Canada's
oil sands reserves), if methods can be developed to exploit
it. Joint research is ongoing with Japan, he said. Asked by
the Deputy Secretary about cooperation with the U.S., Lunn
said he had discussed the issue with Energy Secretary Bodman.
Canada has the potential to supply 25 percent of U.S. energy
needs, he said.

NAFTA/Trade
-----------

5. (C) The Deputy Secretary acknowledged that border
"thickening" with Canada was an unfortunate consequence of
national security concerns. Lunn said NAFTA had given Canada
a new relationship with Mexico, but had complicated Canada's
border relations with the U.S., its sole market for energy
due to infrastructure constraints. Canada is working on
diversifying to permit export of its energy to Asia, to cut
the "captive market discount" estimated at U.S. $10/barrel of
oil. Canada is now considering seeking bilateral discussions
with the U.S. on border trade issues, outside of NAFTA.
Kessel said Canada is working on a police ship rider program
with the Coast Guard, which is nearing agreement. Lunn said
that for 32 U.S. states, Canada is the number one trade
partner. PM Harper and President Bush had held positive
discussions in New Orleans, he said.

Climate and Carbon Markets
--------------------------

6. (C) Lunn admitted that Canada's greenhouse gas emissions
had risen 32-33 percent since 1990, while the U.S. increase
during the same period was 17-18 percent. He said that in
the future, Canada's stringent carbon constraints would
increase the cost of Canadian fossil fuels. All new oil
collected from sands as well as coal extraction must meet new
carbon capture and storage requirements from 2012. Canada
wants a "real" carbon trading system, "unlike Europe and
Russia's 'hot air' system," he said. Lunn expressed hope
that a U.S.-Canadian carbon trading system will evolve. The
largest carbon sequestration and storage project in the world
was transporting 10 million metric tons of carbon emitted

from U.S. power plants in Wisconsin to Saskatchewan, where it
was being injected into oil fields where 99% would be
captured for at least 5,000 years.

Legal Issues
------------


7. (C) The Deputy Secretary raised the importance of
resolving outstanding boundary disputes between Canada and
the U.S., saying our respective legal advisors are "talking
about talking." Legal Advisor Bellinger asked whether Canada
had heard from Sweden, Finland or Iceland, who had not been
invited to this conference. Kessel said the issue had come
up at the first meeting of the Arctic Council coastal states
in Oslo in November. The Canadian view was that if the other
three Arctic Council members had an interest, it was better
to invite them. Keeping the group limited to the five
littoral states also risks appearing to exclude the
indigenous permanent participants of the Arctic Council. The
Deputy Secretary said he understood the Danish rationale for
use of the five as an Arctic Council core group on certain
issues, but not for everything.

8. (U) The Deputy Secretary's party reviewed this cable.
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C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000322

NOFORN
SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 06/01/2018
TAGS: PGOV, PREL, SENV, ETRD, PBTS, MARR, KGHG, AORC, DA
SUBJECT: DEPUTY SECRETARY'S MEETING WITH DANISH FM MOELLER
IN GREENLAND


Classified By: Regional Environmental Officer Erik Hall.
For reasons 1.4 b&d.

1. (C) Summary: In a May 27 meeting before the opening of
the Arctic Ocean Conference in Ilulissat, Greenland, Deputy
Secretary Negroponte and Danish FM Per Stig Moeller exchanged
perspectives on cooperation in the Arctic; underlined shared
goals for a climate change agreement and resolution of the
Doha trade round; reviewed prospects for NATO membership for
Georgia and discussed the current situations in Georgia,
Afghanistan, Pakistan. The Deputy Secretary urged Denmark to
consider the candidacy for IOM DirGen of Amb. Swing; Moeller
said he would do so ""constructively and positively."" End
Summary.

2. (U) Background: The Deputy Secretary was accompanied in
this meeting by Ambassador Cain, OES A/S McMurray, Legal
Advisor Bellinger, D Special Assistant Wittenstein, and REO
Hall (note taker). Moeller was joined by MFA Lega Advisor
Peter Taksoe-Jensen; MFA Press SecretaryUlrik Vestergaard
Knudsen; FM Personal SecretaryNicolaj Petersen; and MFA
Arctic and Greenland Afairs Officer, Anja Bikram Jeffrey.

Arctic Ocea Conference
-----------------------

3. (C) F Moeller thanked the Deputy Secretary for attending
the conference and for U.S. cooperation in its preparation.
He explained that Denmark's initiative convoking and
organizing the Arctic Ocean conference arose in light of
controversy following the Russian flag-planting on the North
Pole seabed. In that context Denmark had perceived a need
for the five coastal Arctic states to come together to
recognize and affirm their commitment to an orderly claims
process and special responsibilities to ensure the safety and
preserve the marine environment of a changing Arctic Ocean.
Moeller said he had spoken to then-FM Bernier of Canada days
before, and Russian FM Lavrov the day before, and received
assurances of their commitment to these aims of the
conference. He said Lavrov had downplayed Russia's
flag-planting, comparing it to U.S. flag-planting on the
moon. Asked by the Deputy Secretary how Sweden, Iceland and
Finland, the three Arctic Council states not included in the
conference, had reacted, Moeller said there were ""no bad
feelings, you don't lose friends by coming here.""

4. (C) D said the Administration continued to urge the
Senate to ratify the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea
(UNCLOS), and had not given up all hope of achieving this
during the Bush Administration. Ratification was clearly in
the U.S. interest. Moeller agreed, joking that ""if you stay
out, then the rest of us will have more to carve up in the
Arctic."" The Deputy Secretary raised the possibility of U.S.
Coast Guard follow-up on search and rescue in the Arctic,
which Moeller welcomed. He described U.S. concern that
Russia has not been forthcoming on U.S. requests to conduct
scientific research within Russia's exclusive economic zone,
saying he would raise the issue with Lavrov. A/S McMurray
urged the Danes to do the same. Danish Legal Advisor
Taksoe-Jensen said the Russians had resisted Denmark's
attempt to insert stronger language on this issue into the
draft conference declaration.

Georgia
-------

5. (C) FM Moeller said Denmark and Sweden had supported the
U.S. position on Georgia in NATO, although some so-called
""old European"" countries like Germany were opposed due to
their accommodating ""Ost politik."" The Deputy Secretary
noted that PM Fogh Rasmussen and President Bush had been
strongly in agreement on the subject at their Crawford
meeting in March. As expected, the lack of a NATO decision
had provoked Russian bullying. Since the NATO summit, the
U.S. has been concerned with preventing a Georgian conflict.
EUR DAS Bryza was in Georgia to promote dialogue between the
Georgians and Abkhazians. Moeller said Russian FM Lavrov had
told him Russia would permit that dialogue to take place.

Afghanistan
-----------

6. (C) FM Moeller noted that President Karzai was weakening.
Denmark was particularly concerned that Afghan courts would
soon decide whether to execute a man for downloading material
on women's human rights from the Internet. Should the man be
executed, parliamentary support for Denmark,s military
assistance in Afghanistan could weaken. President Karzai
needed to do more to fight corruption, he said. The Deputy
Secretary agreed, but emphasized the need to build
institutions. The EU is uniquely qualified to do so.

7. (C) Moeller agreed, saying the EU had ""not done enough""
and the EC had indeed tried to cut its support in this area.
Danish efforts to restore European Commission funding were
successful, however, and would now be increased over last
year. The Deputy Secretary said the Afghan army was getting
stronger. There was debate within the USG over whether to
increase the size of the allied peacekeeping force from
80,000 to 120,000. Moeller said Denmark was elaborating a
new Afghanistan policy through 2012 which would include
sending more trainers for the Afghan army (OMLTs). There
were some legal questions to work out first, however,
relating to embedding, he said.

Pakistan
--------

8. (C) FM Moeller inquired about the Deputy Secretary's
impressions from his recent visit to Pakistan. The Deputy
Secretary said the good news had been the well-managed
election, but the political situation in Pakistan is not
encouraging. Unresolved tension between Asif Ali Zardari and
Nawaz Sharif was hampering the government's ability to handle
the militants. Moeller asked what could be done, warning
that should Pakistan become an Islamist state, Afghanistan
would likely be lost. The Deputy Secretary said our options
are limited, but encouraged EU support for civil
institutional development in the tribal areas. The U.S. is
contributing $150 million over five years. FM Moeller said
he had included cross-border support in the Danish
Afghanistan strategy, and Denmark was ""concretely supporting""
cross-border projects from its position in Afghanistan's
Helmand province.

Joint Committee
---------------

9. (SBU) FM Moeller told the Deputy Secretary that the
U.S.-Denmark-Greenland Joint Committee was ""working well,""
but could always be improved. One area for possible
cooperation was in the area of ""hydrogen energy research.""
(Note: Moeller was apparently referring to a new climate
research institute recently announced by the Greenland Home
Rule government, which is slated to open in 2009. The Joint
Committee pledged to investigate opportunities for
collaboration with the institute as it develops.) Ambassador
Cain responded that the U.S. is very willing to explore all
possible avenues of cooperation with its Danish and
Greenlandic partners.

Climate Change
--------------

10. (C) The Deputy Secretary raised the issue of global
climate change negotiations, saying the U.S. had shifted its
position and would be willing to accept binding emissions
mandates as long as China and India accept some form of
enforceable obligation under the post-Kyoto regime. Moeller
mentioned the Montreal Protocol as a good model for
greenhouse gas emissions. Under that arrangement, which
solved the problem of the ozone hole, developing countries
were given an extra 10 years to meet their phase-out targets.
Taksoe-Jensen said China and India want the U.S. to commit
to emissions reductions first. The Deputy Secretary
expressed concern that EU criticism of the U.S. might give
China and India the impression they were ""off the hook.""

Doha Round
----------

11. (C) FM Moeller said Denmark was fighting to ""save the
Doha Round,"" and asked for Deputy Secretary Negroponte's
views on its prospects. The Deputy Secretary said he
understood from USTR that Brazil was a problem. The U.S. had
not given up, but the situation appeared ""not hopeless but
not promising."" Moeller said industry was the key for
Europe. Brazil might be influenced by the world food crisis,
wanting to stop the export of its rice to China.
Unfortunately, if a compromise deal is not possible now, it
would likely take many more years.

Swing Candidacy
---------------

12. (C) D briefed FM Moeller on the candidacy of Amb.
William Swing for DirGen of the International Organization
for Migration (IOM), noting the American incumbent does not
enjoy U.S. support for his re-election bid for a third term.
He described Amb. Swing's experience in a variety of
challenging assignments and urged FM Moeller to consider him
as ""your kind of guy."" Moeller pledged to look
""constructively and positively"" on Swing's candidacy. (Note:
Amb. Swing's CV was shared with the Danish delegation during
the conference.)

13. (U) The Deputy Secretary's party has reviewed this cable.
87
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TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 4258
INFO RUEHEE/ARAB LEAGUE COLLECTIVE
RUCNMEM/EU MEMBER STATES
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000296

SIPDIS

STATE FOR NEA MATTHEW IRWIN, EUR/ERA GIAUQUE, EUR/NB

E.O. 12958: DECL: 05/19/2018
TAGS: PREL, PGOV, LE, SY, IR, DA
SUBJECT: LEBANON: DANES FOCUS ON EU IN RESPONSE TO CRISIS

REF: STATE 52061

Classified By: Pol/Econ Counselor Bill Mozdzierz, reasons 1.4b,d

(C) Post reviewed reftel demarche points with Danish MFA
acting Head of Department for Middle East Marie-Louise Wegter
May 16, underscoring our support for the Lebanese government
and urging the Danes to condemn Hizballah's actions,
designate Hizballah in its entirety as a terrorist entity and
increase pressure on Syria and Iran. Wegter indicated that
Denmark shares the U.S. line on the need to oppose
Hizballah's efforts to undermine the Lebanese government and
secure political power through force. She maintained,
however, that the Danish government intends to address the
crisis through the European Union and would probably not make
any public statements on its own. Wegter pledged that
Denmark will advocate a firm line within the EU and looked
ahead to the May 26-27 GAERC meeting of EU foreign ministers
as an early opportunity to do so.
CAIN
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1525335/6/200808COPENHAGEN257CONFIDENTIALEmbassy Copenhagen08STATE40380VZCZCXRO6304
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TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 4228
INFO RUCNMEM/EU MEMBER STATES PRIORITY
RUEHGV/USMISSION GENEVA PRIORITY 0662
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK PRIORITY 1519
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000257

SIPDIS

STATE FOR WHA, EUR, IO, DRL

E.O. 12958: DECL: 05/06/2018
TAGS: PREL, PHUM, KDEM, EUN, CU, DA
SUBJECT: DANES SUPPORTIVE ON NEW YORK PRISONERS OF
CONSCIENCE EVENT

REF: STATE 40380

Classified By: Pol/Econ Counselor Bill Mozdzierz, reasons 1.4b,d

1. (C) Post reached Emil Hother Paulsen, Danish
representative to the EU's COHOM human rights meeting, early
May 6 in Brussels to urge Denmark's support for our latest
compromise on the Prisoners of Conscience events this summer.
We emphasized the importance of these events to political
prisoners worldwide, the strong arguments for a New York
event, and the flexibility we have demonstrated in
accommodating EU members' concerns.

2. (C) Paulsen immediately indicated agreement with the U.S.
position, noting that the broadening of the event's scope to
include prisoners beyond Cuba and the addition of a meeting
in Geneva should have addressed any "reasonable" concerns
among member states. He also agreed that New York is the
right place for such an event, given media coverage there and
what he described as "a more receptive environment" than in
Geneva. Paulsen allowed that he was not certain that the
issue would be discussed during the COHOM meeting that day,
but pledged that he would do what he could to build support
for the compromise and that he would also coordinate his
approach with the Swedes, Dutch and possibly the British.
CAIN
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PP RUEHBW
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TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 4198
INFO RUEHZG/NATO EU COLLECTIVE
RUEHMO/AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 1348
RUEHSI/AMEMBASSY TBILISI 0141
RUEHNO/USMISSION USNATO BRUSSELS BE 1107
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 1518
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000230

SIPDIS

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 04/24/2018
TAGS: PREL, GG, RS, DA
SUBJECT: DENMARK CONCERNED ABOUT RUSSIAN APPROACH ON
ABKHAZIA AND SOUTH OSSETIA

REF: STATE 40673

Classified By: Pol/Econ Counselor Bill Mozdzierz, reasons 1.4b,d

(C) The Danish government shares our concerns about Russia's
new presidential instructions and other moves on Abkhazia and
South Ossetia (reftel), Danish MFA Head of Department for
Eastern Europe Ruben Madsen assured us April 22. These
measures represent yet another step in Russia's aggressive
campaign, Ruben observed, and they must be firmly opposed.
Danish Foreign Minister Per Stig Moller earlier declared
publicly that the Russian action is "the price we are paying
for not extending MAP to Georgia," Madsen noted, indicating
that the foreign minister would take a tough stance on the
matter in scheduled consultations with the Danish parliament
and at the upcoming GAERC meeting with his EU counterparts.
At this point, however, Madsen could not pledge that the
Danes would demarche the Russians bilaterally.
CAIN
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TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 4199
INFO RUEHZG/NATO EU COLLECTIVE
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000231

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SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 04/24/2018
TAGS: PREL, NATO, PGOV, MK, GR, DA
SUBJECT: DANES PRESS BOTH SIDES IN MACEDONIA NAME ISSUE

REF: A. STATE 40462

B. COPENHAGEN 183

Classified By: Pol/Econ Counselor Bill Mozdzierz, reasons 1.4b,d

(C) In response to our ref (A) demarche urging an approach to
the Greeks on the Macedonia name issue, Danish MFA Head of
Department for Eastern Europe Ruben Madsen stated that
Denmark remains frustrated with the lack of progress and
believes that greater pressure must be brought to bear on
both sides in the dispute. Madsen reported that Danish
Foreign Minister Per Stig Moller "shook up" Macedonian FM
Milososki during their April 10 meeting here by emphasizing
Macedonian responsibility to do more and by refusing to take
a clear side. FM Moller has delivered a similarly strong
message to his Greek counterpart as well, Madsen assured us,
and will do so again, probably next week, but cautioned that
both parties need to be pushed hard. Madsen echoed Danish PM
Rasmussen's and FM Moller's view -- in response to our
pre-Bucharest demarche (ref B) -- that Denmark unfortunately
has little leverage over the Greeks and Macedonians in any
case, but that the Danes will do what they can to help move
the process forward.
CAIN
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TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 4170
INFO RUEHXP/ALL NATO POST COLLECTIVE IMMEDIATE
RUEHSQ/AMEMBASSY SKOPJE IMMEDIATE 0096
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHINGTON DC PRIORITY
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000183

SIPDIS

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 04/01/2028
TAGS: PREL, NATO, PGOV, DA
SUBJECT: DENMARK ON GREECE AND NATO INVITATION FOR MACEDONIA

REF: STATE 32646

Classified By: DCM Sandra L. Kaiser, reasons 1.4 (b) and (d)

1. (C) We used the occasion of Secretary of Defense Gates's
visit to Copenhagen April 1 to urge Denmark to weigh in with
the Greeks on a NATO membership invitation for Macedonia
(reftel). Secretary Gates told Danish Prime Minister Anders
Fogh Rasmussen the U.S. strongly supports NATO membership
invitations for all of the Adriatic Three, and the U.S. hopes
other Allies will push the Greeks to be constructive on the
name issue at Bucharest. PM Rasmussen replied that Denmark
is a strong supporter of membership for Albania, Croatia, and
Macedonia, and signaled his agreement that Allies should work
with Greece to dissuade it from vetoing Macedonia's
invitation.

2. (C) PM Rasmussen noted, however, that he had just received
a letter from his Greek counterpart, whose tone was "tough"
and offered little room for optimism. Secretary Gates
observed an eventual compromise might involve issuing a
membership invitation to Greece in Bucharest, with the
understanding ratification and formal Macedonian membership
would only follow after the name issue had been resolved.

3. (C) In a separate meeting earlier that day, Secretary
Gates and the Ambassador drew on reftel points and also urged
Danish Foreign Minister Per Stig Moller to intervene with the
Greeks to prevent them from blocking Macedonian membership.
Moller indicated he would do what he could to convince Greek
FM Bakoyannis, but said he doubted he or his government could
do much to sway her at this point.
CAIN
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OO RUEHWEB

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FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 4164
INFO RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHINGTON DC IMMEDIATE
RUEHNO/USMISSION USNATO BRUSSELS BE IMMEDIATE 1106
RUEHXP/ALL NATO POST COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
RUEHMO/AMEMBASSY MOSCOW PRIORITY 1347
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000171

SIPDIS

SIPDIS

STATE FOR EUR/RPM, EUR/NB

E.O. 12958: DECL: 03/26/2018
TAGS: PREL, NATO, KCFE, MARR, RS, DA
SUBJECT: DENMARK ENTHUSIASTIC ABOUT U.S.-GERMAN CFE
STATEMENT

REF: STATE 30484

Classified By: Pol/Econ Counselor Bill Mozdzierz, reasons 1.4b,d

1. (C) Denmark warmly welcomes the joint U.S.-German draft
CFE statement (reftel), Danish MFA officials told us and the
German defense attache March 26, hailing the initiative as a
significant step forward in uniting the Alliance on this
issue. Jakob Nielsen of the Danish MFA's Security Policy
Department recalled how far we have come in overcoming
earlier divisions within NATO, and applauded both the U.S.
and Germany for the flexibility and leadership we have shown
in bridging differences. For Denmark, Nielsen and colleague
Anne Jensen emphasized, such unity is paramount. "I cannot
imagine that Denmark would not support whatever the U.S. and
Germany could agree to in this area," Nielsen declared.

2. (C) Nielsen noted that the 2 2 process offers some hope
for a new strategic understanding between the U.S. and
Russia, and said that the Danish leadership looks forward to
additional insights into that dynamic when Secretary Gates
visits Copenhagen next week. Nielsen commented that Russian
behavior to date suggests that Moscow is stalling for time,
until after U.S. elections, but he indicated that Denmark
will welcome and support any ongoing efforts to improve the
relationship.
CAIN
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PP RUEHAG RUEHROV
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TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 4087
INFO RUCNMEM/EU MEMBER STATES
RUEHUB/USINT HAVANA 0006
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000100

SIPDIS

SIPDIS

STATE FOR WHA, EUR

E.O. 12958: DECL: 02/28/2017
TAGS: PREL, PHUM, PGOV, EUN, CU, DA
SUBJECT: DENMARK CONCERNED ABOUT EU COMMISSIONER'S CUBA
VISIT

REF: STATE 20108

Classified By: Pol/Econ Counselor Bill Mozdzierz, reasons 1.4b,d

(C) The Danish government was dismayed to learn that dates
had been fixed for EU Development Commissioner Louis Michel's
planned trip to Cuba, Lars Bredal of the Danish MFA's Latin
America and Asia department told us February 28. Bredal,
whose previous posting was in Brussels, suggested that Michel
represents an ongoing challenge, and said that Denmark and
other member states must impress upon him the need to adhere
to the EU's Common Position, assuming his visit goes forward
as planned. Bredal agreed with our assessment that the visit
is ill-timed and pledged that the Danes and like-minded EU
partners will do what they can to avoid sending the wrong
signal or otherwise undermining the EU's position on human
rights and democracy in Cuba.
LEARY
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OO RUEHWEB

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FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 4074
INFO RUEHZG/NATO EU COLLECTIVE IMMEDIATE
RUEHBW/AMEMBASSY BELGRADE IMMEDIATE 0072
RUEHPS/USOFFICE PRISTINA IMMEDIATE 0023
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000079

SIPDIS

SIPDIS

STATE FOR MGKV01, EUR

E.O. 12958: DECL: 02/19/2018
TAGS: PREL, PGOV, NATO, EUN, YI, KV, DA
SUBJECT: KOSOVO: DENMARK PUSHING FOR GROUP RECOGNITION
FEBRUARY 21

REF: A. STATE 16319

B. COPENHAGEN 61

Classified By: Pol/Econ Counselor Bill Mozdzierz, reasons 1.4b,d

1. (C) Denmark will formally recognize Kosovo independence
February 21 at the latest, Danish MFA East European
Department Head Ruben Madsen told us February 19, reporting
that the Danes are lobbying other governments to join them
that day. Madsen allowed that he would prefer to move more
quickly, but forecast that the extra day or two should yield
about a dozen European countries, mostly EU member states,
announcing recognition on the 21st. He noted that he was now
more optimistic than before about Poland, Norway and
Switzerland being in that group.

2. (C) Danish Foreign Minister Per Stig Moller was equally
clear but less specific in public, announcing that Denmark
would recognize Kosovo's independence "sometime mid-week."
Referring to Serbian protests, Moller declared bluntly that
Serbia must "decide whether it is to be part of Europe, or a
satellite of Russia."

3. (C) Separately, MFA officials told us in confidence that
Karsten Ankjaer Jensen, currently MFA Head of Department for
the Nordics, Faroes and Greenland, has been identified as
Denmark's first ambassador to Kosovo and that plans are for
him to be resident in Pristina.
CAIN
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1412282/13/200808COPENHAGEN70CONFIDENTIALEmbassy Copenhagen08COPENHAGEN67P 131425Z FEB 08
FM AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN
TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 4063
INFO ARAB LEAGUE COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
EUROPEAN POLITICAL COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
ISLAMIC COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
AMEMBASSY ISLAMABAD PRIORITY
AMEMBASSY JAKARTA PRIORITY
AMEMBASSY KABUL PRIORITY
CIA WASHDC PRIORITY
DIA WASHDC PRIORITY

C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000070

SIPDIS

STATE FOR NEA, EUR, AND DS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 02/12/2018 TAGS: PTER, PGOV, PREL, KISL, ASEC, DA SUBJECT: DENMARK: CARTOONS IN DEFENSE OF FREE SPEECH

REF: COPENHAGEN 00067

Classified By: CDA Sandra Kaiser for reasons 1.4(b) and (d)

1. (U) Summary: Taking a defiant stance following a foiled plot to kill a Danish cartoonist, 17 Danish newspapers today published his controversial caricature of Mohammed wearing a bomb as a turban. Official Danish reaction to the re-publication of the cartoon has been muted, while the Danish MFA nervously monitors reactions in the Muslim world. Domestic Danish press coverage of the February 12 arrests included editorials and comments reflecting general outrage at the planned killing and a defense of free expression. End Summary.

2. (U) Following the February 12 arrests by Danish police of three men accused of planning to murder Jyllands-Posten cartoonist Kurt Westergaard as revenge for his caricature of Mohammed (reftel), 17 Danish newspapers (including every major news daily) published Westergaard´s now-infamous image in their February 13 editions. The editors of the three major dailies, Politiken, Berlingske Tidende, and Jyllands-Posten, defended their decisions to publish the cartoon as a matter of free speech and a display of unity and solidarity with Westergaard. International media have also been quick to widely report news of the arrests and the Danish papers´ decision to reprint the cartoon.

3. (U) Various Danish political parties February 13 denounced the planned murder as "terrifying" and praised the work of the Danish police and intelligence services. Justice Minister Lene Espersen acknowledged the "deeply worrisome" nature of the case, but said the terror threat in Denmark remains unchanged. Parliamentarian Naser Khader, who gained political prominence during the last Mohammed crisis, called on the Danish government to develop a national action plan to combat Islamic radicalization.

4. (U) Representatives of Islamic groups in Denmark also uniformly condemned the planned attack. The Islamic Council (Muslimernes Faellesraad) issued a statement stating "it is shameful that a group of people would take Islam as a hostage in connection with their own interests... the suspects have misunderstood the message of Islam." The Islamic Faith Society (Islamic Trossamfund) characterized the threats as contrary to Islam.

5. (C) Acting Danish MFA Chief Anne Riggleson told Charge that Danish embassies are reporting calm in the field. The Danes remain concerned, however, about potential unrest in Ramallah, which saw flag burnings and violent protests in 2006. The Danish MFA´s Citizen Services Unit said in a statement that they "have not heard anything that gives reason to change the security assessment for Danish citizens." The Foreign Ministry had already issued a standing warning to Danish citizens of an increased terror threat as a result of the 2006 Mohammed cartoon crisis.

6. (U) Meanwhile, one of the suspected plotters, a Danish citizen of Moroccan descent, was released from prison February 12 pending formal charges. The two other suspects, both Tunisian nationals with Danish residence permits, remain in a Danish prison awaiting deportation as "threats to Danish state security."

7. (C) Comment: Denmark is enjoying one of its long, sacrosanct holiday periods, with the government on skeleton staffing. The domestic Danish debate has, as in the original Mohammed crisis, focused so far on the defense of free speech, with only a few professional diplomats expressing worry to us about international reaction. Muslim groups in Denmark have also been muted in their response. However, all sides will be nervous in the days ahead as they monitor international reaction and popular sentiments. A spokesman for the Islamic Faith Society commented February 13 that the group had been able to exercise considerable influence in encouraging restraint in Denmark´s Muslim community during the first Mohammed crisis. He quickly cautioned, however, that the decision to reprint one of the cartoons now might also "provoke" Muslims in Denmark, and he suggested the planned deportation of the Tunisian suspects without a court proceeding is "unfair treatment" which could lead the Faith Society to "lose control" of its efforts to keep Danish Muslims calm. Two years on, the Mohammed cartoon crisis remains a deep source of tension within and outside Denmark.
KAISER
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TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 4057
INFO RUEHZG/NATO EU COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
RUEHBW/AMEMBASSY BELGRADE PRIORITY 0071
RUEHPS/USOFFICE PRISTINA PRIORITY 0022
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK PRIORITY 1517
RUEHVEN/USMISSION USOSCE PRIORITY 0152
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000063

SIPDIS

SIPDIS

C O R R E C T E D C O P Y (OUTBOUND PARAMETER CHANGED)

E.O. 12958: DECL: 02/12/2018
TAGS: OSCE, PGOV, PREL, UNAUS, UNMIK, YI, EU, DA
SUBJECT: DANES WILL OPPOSE OSCE BERLIN MECHANISM ON KOSOVO

REF: SECSTATE 14284

Classified By: CDA Sandra Kaiser, reasons 1.4 (b) and (d).

1. (C) Denmark will oppose any effort to invoke the OSCE's
Berlin Mechanism in connection with a declaration of
independence from Kosovo. MFA Kosovo Desk Officer Asger
Kroll told us February 12 that Denmark sees "eye to eye" with
the USG on the inappropriateness of the Berlin Mechanism in
this context. Kroll also added that Denmark had heard
February 12 that Serbia was ready to abandon its push for use
of the Berlin Mechanism, lacking a clear prospect of support
from 12 participating states. Instead, said Kroll, the Danes
now hear that Serbia may seek "a regular meeting" of the OSCE
to highlight Serb opposition to Kosovo's independence.
KAISER
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TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 4055
INFO RUEHZG/NATO EU COLLECTIVE IMMEDIATE
RUEHBW/AMEMBASSY BELGRADE IMMEDIATE 0070
RUEHPS/USOFFICE PRISTINA IMMEDIATE 0021
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000061

SIPDIS

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 02/11/2018
TAGS: PREL, PGOV, NATO, EUN, YI, DA
SUBJECT: DENMARK READY TO MOVE QUICKLY ON KOSOVO
INDEPENDENCE

REF: A. SECSTATE 13716

B. 07 COPENHAGEN 1069

Classified By: CDA Sandra Kaiser, reasons 1.4 (b), (d)

1. (C) Denmark will be among the first EU member states to
recognize Kosovo's independence. Danish MFA Eastern Europe
Department Head Ruben Madsen confirmed to us February 11 that
Denmark is poised to announce its recognition "within hours"
of a declaration of independence. Madsen told us Danish FM
Per Stig Moeller briefed the parliamentary foreign policy
committee Friday, February 8, and obtained a broad mandate to
move quickly on Kosovo's independence when an announcement
comes. Madsen said the FM received the backing of all
parliamentary parties "except one" (presumably the Danish
People's Party, which has announced its opposition to
Kosovo's independence.).

2. (C) Madsen said the Danish government is anticipating
Kosovo will declare independence February 17, and, per
Denmark's count, 20 EU member states are currently ready to
move immediately to announce recognition. Madsen said
Denmark hopes a February 17 declaration of independence will
enable the full EU to discuss and, hopefully, decide on
recognition of Kosovo at the February 18 GAERC. Madsen made
clear, however, that if a GAERC consensus wasn't forthcoming,
Denmark and other EU members were ready to move immediately
to recognize Kosovo.

3. (C) Madsen asked that the U.S. alert Denmark if we
anticipate a declaration of independence before February 17.
CAIN
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TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 4048
INFO RUCNMEM/EU MEMBER STATES PRIORITY
RUEHDM/AMEMBASSY DAMASCUS PRIORITY 0115
C O N F I D E N T I A L COPENHAGEN 000053

SIPDIS

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STATE FOR NEA/PI, NEA/ELA AND EUR/NB

E.O. 12958: DECL: 02/08/2018
TAGS: PREL, PHUM, KMPI, SY, DA
SUBJECT: DENMARK SUPPORTS EU STATEMENT ON SYRIAN DETENTIONS

REF: STATE 11025

Classified By: Pol/Econ Counselor Bill Mozdzierz, reasons 1.4b,d

1. (C) The Danish government backs French efforts to secure
an EU Presidency statement condemning Syrian detention of
Riad Seif and other democracy activists, Danish MFA acting
Middle East head Steen Norlov told us February 6. Noting
that Syrian action followed the recent visit of the Dutch
foreign minister to Damascus (whose trip, Norlov said, came
as a surprise to many), Norlov characterized Danish
engagement with democracy and human rights activists in Syria
as a balancing act between demonstrating public support and
avoiding exposure of the activists to official retaliation.
With Seif and the other Damascus Declaration National Council
detainees, Norlov agreed that a forceful public statement can
only help.

2. (C) Asked about upcoming travel by Danish officials to
Syria, Norlov reported that Danish Minister for Development
Cooperation Ulla Tornaes plans to travel there February
21-22, but stressed that her mission will be humanitarian,
not political, in nature. Tornaes will visit Syria and
Jordan to review Danish assistance in support of Iraqi
refugees in those countries, Norlov said. He pledged to
ensure that Tornaes is fully briefed on the detentions and
prepared to raise these cases in the (unlikely, he thought)
event that she meets with political leaders while in Damascus.
CAIN
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E.O. 12958: DECL: 02/07/2018
TAGS: PREL, PTER, PGOV, DA
SUBJECT: DANISH GOVERNMENT AVOIDS PARLIAMENTARY INQUIRY ON
CIA FLIGHTS

REF: COPENHAGEN 38

Classified By: Ambassador James P. Cain, reasons 1.4b,d

1. (S/NF) Summary: The Danish parliament voted February 7 to
support a government internal review of alleged CIA flights
through Danish airspace (reftel), rather than establish an
independent investigation as demanded by opposition and
Greenlandic officials. Foreign Minister Per Stig Moller and
Justice Minister Lene Espersen signaled that the government
takes seriously the issues raised by the recent documentary,
while stating that U.S. assurances about torture and respect
for sovereignty remain in effect and that Danish intelligence
has no knowledge of alleged CIA operations here. Our
exchanges with senior Danish MFA officials indicate that the
government, though concerned, believes the issue can be
managed and that conversations with us here and in Washington
have been helpful. For now, no further response --
particularly public -- is sought from us. End summary.

2. (S/NF) In preparation for February 6 parliamentary debate
on allegations of CIA flights transiting Greenland,
ostensibly as part of renditions operations, the Danish
government spoke with us to draw out a confirmation of
earlier U.S. assurances on torture, respect for sovereignty
and adherence to international legal conventions. MFA U/S
Michael Zilmer-Johns explained to the DCM that Danish
Ambassador Friis Arne Petersen's call to EUR PDAS Volker was
part of that effort, allowing FM Moller to inform parliament
that the government had discussed the issue with us.
Zilmer-Johns noted pointedly that Ambassador Petersen had not
been instructed, however, to ask us for additional public
comment, observing that U.S. public statements could hinder
Danish efforts to quiet the controversy. Significantly, the
MFA reportedly also demarched other EU governments on their
own handling of the renditions issue, suggesting a nascent
effort to coordinate approaches.

3. (S) In a rare departure from practice on intelligence
matters (usually discussed in closed session), Justice
Minister Espersen during the debate read a statement from
Danish intelligence (PET) stating that it had no knowledge of
CIA flights. The PET, she said, "does not recognize" media
accounts suggesting that it had advance knowledge of such
activities from the U.S. or that it had somehow sanctioned
them. Prior to this, Danish authorities sought to sound us
out, in liaison channels, about any specific information we
might have shared with them previously. In her remarks,
Espersen ruled out any stepped-up inspections of transiting
aircraft -- as proposed by the Greenlanders -- stating that
all such inspections must adhere to existing rules mandating
probable cause.

4. (SBU) In response to these declarations, the Danish
opposition withdrew its proposal for an independent
investigation and allowed an alternative,
government-sponsored measure to pass unopposed. The final
resolution states that, "The Folketing (parliament)
determines that Danish, Greenlandic or Faroese territory must
not be used in violation of international conventions. The
Folketing notes with satisfaction that the Government, in
cooperation with Greenland and the Faroe Islands, will review
new information to the effect that CIA flights have been
conducted in Danish and Greenlandic territory, and will
assume contact with the American authorities in this
respect."

5. (S/NF) Comment: Though accustomed to dealing with this
issue (accepting our general assurances, not pressing on
details, and seeking to manage the domestic politics as
quietly as possible), the Danish government in this case
feels especially pressed because of the Greenlandic
dimension. The Greenlanders, currently embroiled in
negotiations with the government over sharing of oil and gas
revenue, may have other reasons for pushing the renditions
issue, but -- whatever their motivation -- the Greenlanders'
protestations represent a new and uncertain element. The
upcoming visit of Prime Minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen to
Crawford has also raised the anxiety level for the Danes;
indeed, the issue may show up on the prime minister's agenda,
if only so he will be able to say that he raised it with the
President. Today's vote should ease that apprehension. The
CIA flights issue is one that will perhaps never go away
entirely, but the government's success in calming the critics
and avoiding an independent inquiry should give the Danes
some breathing room for now.

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CAIN
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E.O. 12958: DECL: 01/31/2018
TAGS: PREL, PTER, DA
SUBJECT: DANISH DOCUMENTARY REVIVES CALLS FOR INQUIRY ON
CIA FLIGHTS

Classified By: DCM Sandra Kaiser, reasons 1.4b,d

1. (C) Summary: A documentary aired January 30 on Danish
state television alleges that civilian aircraft operated by
the CIA have routinely transited Danish airspace in support
of renditions. The film has provoked strong reaction from
the Danish opposition and officials in Greenland, where the
flights allegedly landed, prompting renewed calls for an
independent investigation of possible CIA flights. Danish
government officials have expressed their concerns about the
allegations publicly, but have indicated to us privately
their interest in quieting the matter as quickly as possible.
The Danish government is now working to hold together a thin
majority to block expected moves for an inquiry in
parliament. Our response has been to say as little as
possible, downplaying the film and the issue when raised.
End summary.

2. (C) Largely a rehash of previous accounts of alleged CIA
renditions, the Danish documentary, "The CIA's Danish
Connection," also presents new allegations of flights
transiting Danish territory in Narsarsuaq, Greenland. The
film details the CIA's alleged use of private air companies
as fronts for the transportation of detainees and includes
the journalists' (ultimately unsuccessful) efforts to track
down individual pilots in the U.S. It features retired CIA
officers making assertions that these flights could have been
used for renditions. The documentary also contains a long
interview iwth Khalid Al-Masri, and links the names of CIA
contractors allegedly associated with his case to the
Greeenland flights. The documentary relies on tenuous
connections and leaps of logic (its narration frankly
concedes that its allegations cannot be proven), but has
offered enough new information to prevent the Danish
government from dismissing it as old news.

3. (C) Predictably, the documentary drew an immediate and
sharp reaction from the center-left opposition, which had
called for investigations into previous allegations of CIA
overflights, but had been unable to secure majority backing
for measures in parliament. This time, however, the
government has even fewer seats -- since November 2007
elections -- and may not be able to count on the support of
the otherwise-allied New Alliance party (which had featured
concerns about renditions in its electoral platform).
Greenlandic politicians added their voices to the debate,
with Greenland Home Rule FM Aleqa Hammond charging that
Greenland had been "misled and misused," and demanding an
investigation.

4. (C) The Danish government also moved quickly to address
the controversy, issuing a joint MFA-Transportation-Justice
Ministry statement late the evening of the broadcast. In it,
the ministers sought to assure the Danish public that it
takes the documentary's allegations seriously and will look
into the matter further, including with the American
authorities "if needed." The statement recalled that Denmark
had previously outlined its concerns about possible
overflights to the U.S. government and made clear its
opposition to use of its airspace in violation of
international law. The statement rejected calls for an
independent investigation, insisting that there is no
indication of Danish complicity, a position reiterated the
following day by both FM Per Stig Moller and Prime Minister
Anders Fogh Rasmussen.

5. (C) Privately, Danish officials have made clear their
interest in making this issue go away as quickly and quietly
as possible. PM National Security Advisor Thomas Ahrenkiel
and MFA Undersecretary Michael Zilmer-Johns told us
separately that the controversy surrounding the film has put
the government under considerable pressure and that they are
working hard to calm the situation and avoid a mandatory
investigation in parliament. Zilmer-Johns noted that "we
have been through this before" and stated flatly that the
Danish government doesn't require anything from the U.S. on
this -- for now, anyway. In an unrelated meeting with the
Ambassador January 31, Danish intelligence and security (PET)
chief Jakob Scharf appeared unconcerned by the story.

6. (C) Comment: Our response to media and official interest
has been to say little, beyond noting that we do not comment
on counter-terrorism matters and suggesting that we regard
the documentary's conclusions as thin. The Danish government
clearly shares our desire to get past this latest flare-up of
the overflights/renditions issue and together we will work to
avoid keeping the story alive in the media. If the
government prevails in blocking an inquiry and satisfying the
Greenlanders (FM Moller reportedly called Greenland PM Hans

COPENHAGEN 00000038 002 OF 002


Enoksen to assure him of the Danish government's plans to
review the matter), then this controversy could be over
within a few days. If not, such an investigation could prove
an unhelpful distraction for months to come.
CAIN
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