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StateBill NumberSponsorsSummaryStatusSession ends
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AZExecutive Order 6Gov. Hobbs (D)Establishes prison oversight commission to inspect prison facilities and issue preliminary report by Nov. 15Issued 1/25/23; commission seats filled and first meeting held on 3/28/23n/a
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AZHB 2409Ortiz (D)FAMM model prison oversight bill, with annual appropriation of $2 million.Died sine die4/22/23
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CASB 519AtkinsThe bill would expand the Board of State and Community Corrections’s mission to include the promotion of legal and safe conditions for youth, inmates, and staff in local detention facilities. This bill would make records relating to an investigation conducted by a local detention facility into a death incident, as defined, or relating to a subject officer, as defined, available to public inspection, as specified.Bill passed in Senate Public Safety, Governance and Finance, and Appropriations committees; passed in Com. on APPR by vote of 5-0 on 5/18/239/8/23
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FLS 1038 / H 1017Powell (D) / Valdez (D)Creates a 16-member Citizens Collaborative Council with unpaid members appointed by the leaders of the legislature for 4-year terms. The Council's duties are to conduct unannounced visits to state-run and privately-run prisons and work with wardens to resolve concerns that arise; conduct confidential interviews with incarcerated people, families, and staff regarding conditions; and make recommendations to the DOC regarding close management, administrative confinement, and disciplinary hearings. Council members may not speak with members of the media. The bill does not include an authorization or appropriation of funding.Referred to committees; died sine die 5/5/23
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MAH 3956Homes/MirandaEstablishes an independent anti-racism corrections inspector general and Inclusion, Diversity, Anti-Racism, and Equity Unit (IDAREU) within the inspector general's office. The anti-racism inspector general is appointed by the attorney general, state auditor, and the chair of the black and latino caucus and confirmed by majority vote of the community council. Serves 5-year term. Also establishes a 10-member anti-racism corrections inspector general community council. IDAREU shall establish anti-racism standards and ensure compliance with them, and "shall act to dismantle structural racism and ensure the equitable treatment of all prisoners and correctional staff in the day-to-day operations of commonwealth’s correctional system." The anti-racism IG has power to access facilities and have confidential conversations with staff and incarcerated people, establish means to receive complaints, conduct investigations, review and make recommendations on legislation, implement a statewide uniform racial data collection system, and issue reports and recommendations that the DOC must respond to with a corrective action plan. Failure to cooperate with IDAREU investigations or produce requested documents within 20 days can result in fines, sanctions, or demotions. IDAREU has power to demote corrections staff and impose fines. Bans retaliation against those who submit complaints to IDAREU.Referred to House Judiciary CommitteeYear-round
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MDSB 87/HB 64Hettleman/Davis (D)Establishes Correctional Ombudsman in the Attorney General's office. Ombudsman is appointed by the attorney general and serves a 5-year term. The Ombudsman has power to inspect prisons, investigate complaints, and subpoena documents or witnesses. The Ombudsman is advised by a Correctional Ombudsman Advisory Board composed of 10 people appointed by the Attorney General. Bill takes effect July 1, 2023. Committee hearings 1/24 and 2/8; Senate passed SB 87 with vote of 44-1 on 3/28/23; both bills died sine die4/10/23
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MNSF 1267LatzRequires that corrections ombudsman be appointed by governor and limits removal of ombudsman for just cause onlyPassed with amendments in Judiciary Committee; passed Rules Committee; on second reading in House on 5/1/23; bill died sine die5/22/23
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MOSB 327Mosley (D)Establishes independent ombuds with power to inspect prisons and do investigations. Based partly on FAMM model bill. In Senate Judiciary Committee. Bill died sine die.5/30/23
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MSHB 327Johnson (D)Establishes Corrections Inspections Council to inspect prison facilitiesDied sine die4/3/23
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MSHB 866Rosebud (D)Establishes State Correctional Facilities Monitoring Unit with the Department of Public Safety. Unit staff are employees of the Department of Public Safety. The Unit performs at least quarterly inspections of state and privately-run prisons, report their findings, and investigate complaints from incarcerated people. Bill does not include an authorization of funding for the Unit. Died sine die4/3/23
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NELB 163McKinneyAllows Judiciary Committee to intervene and require action of the DOC if overcrowding passes 140% of design capacity or there is a staffing shortageJudiciary Committee heard bill 2/1/23; bill died sine die5/23/23
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NELB 788WayneAuthorizes the Nebraska State Patrol to investigate claims of criminal activity occurring in prisons and share its investigations and reports with the Inspector General of the Nebraska Correctional System. These investigations and reports are not to be shared with the public. Referred to Judiciary Committee; floor debate 3/1/23; bill died sine die5/23/23
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NMHB 297Cadena (D)Creates a Corrections Advisory Board (composed of appointees by the legislature, governor, courts) within the Department of Finance and Administration. Board must meet monthly and publish an annual report. The Board has the power to evaluate DOC's compliance with rules, review efficacy of operations and rehabilitative programs, identify systemic issues that could lead to abuse or neglect of incarcerated people, identify systemic issues that could impact the health and safety of staff, and hire the corrections ombudsman through a competitive application process. Ombudsman has power to receive and investigate complaints from incarcerated people and staff, have confidential communications with them, and access facilities and documents. Exhaustion of DOC administrative remedies process is NOT required before filing a complaint. Appropriation of $500,000 for FY 2023. Effective July 1, 2023.Recommended do pass by House Judiciary Committee with a substitute bill on 2/23/23; passed by House Finance 3/4/23; passed in full House 3/7/23 by vote of 46-22; referred to Senate Judiciary Committee 3/8/23; died sine die.3/18/23
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NYA 5709 / S 5877Gallagher (D)Increases membership of state commission of correction from 3 members to 9 members and allows legislative leadership to pick 4 members, Correctional Association of New York to pick two members, and governor to pick 3 members, instead of having governor appoint all members.In Correction Committee6/8/23
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NYA 4379O'Donnell (D)Creates an independent Office of the Correctional Ombudsman in the executive branch, who reports to a correctional oversight board. The 12-member correctional oversight board nominates the ombudsman, and governor can approve or deny the nomination. The ombudsman has power to provide oversight of internal affairs and the disciplinary process, and any DOC investigations regarding the health and safety of people in prison or on community supervision. The ombudsman has power to inspect prisons and jails, issue reports, place staff members in prisons and jails as monitors, review all candidates appointed to serve as superintendants and advise the commissioner of corrections on each candidate. The ombudsman may receive and investigate complaints through confidential mail and an established hotline, including complaints of retaliation. The ombudsman also investigates and issues reports on deaths in custody. Establishes a Class A misdemeanor for interfering with the ombudsman's work. In Correction Committee6/8/23
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NYA 6489 Weprin (D)Increases ability of Correctional Association of New York to conduct oversight through unannounced prison inspections, more timely access to requested documents from prisons, interviews with staff, and publication of data.In Corrections Committee6/8/23
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NYS 6975Salazar (D)Authorizes the state inspector general to receive and investigate complaints of sexual assault in correctional facilities and other places operated by the department of corrections and community supervision for the confinement of persons; requires the state inspector general to establish protocol and procedures for such reports and investigationsIn Crime Victims, Crime and Correction Committee6/8/23
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NYS 600Salazar (D)Authorizes the Correctional Association of NY to inspect residential juvenile detention facilitiesPassed by vote of 5-2 in Children and Families Committee on 5/9/23; in Senate Finance Committee6/8/23
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NYS 312Salazar (D)Gives Correctional Association of NY power to do unannounced visits and inspections of prisonsIn Crime and Corrections Committee6/8/23
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NVAB 452Assembly Judiciary CommitteeEstablishes the Office of the Ombudsperson for Offenders within the NDOC to promote and protect the health, safety and welfare of offenders and prepare offenders for successful reentry into communities upon release. Requires the Office to be impartial and operationally independent of the Department and (1) requires the Board of State Prison Commissioners to appoint the Ombudsperson; and (2) authorizes the Board to enter into a contract with a person to serve as Ombudsperson.Ombudsperson has powers to investigate complaints, access and review grievances, and issue an annual report. The bill appropriates $525,000 for two years for the cost of contract services for the Office of the Ombudsperson for Offenders.Passed Assembly 28-14 on 4/19/23; passed Senate 16-5 on 6/5/23; signed into law by governor on 6/14/23.6/623
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PACosponsorship memoShusterman Expands Department of Human Services oversight of juvenile justice facilities through monitoring of data and youth placements; eliminates shackling, use of solitary confinement, and other punitive practices except in extreme circumstances; strengthens ability of youth and their families to file grievances; prohibits placement of youth out of state.Bill co-sponsorship memorandum introduced 7/19/23 in House12/31/24
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RI H 6161/ S 617Felix (D) / Acosta (D)Creates an oversight committee to review and report on the use of solitary confinement in state prisons.Held for further study after hearing in House Judiciary Committee on 4/4/23; bill died in committee
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TXHB 2740Smith (R)Requires juvenile court judges and juvenile board to review juvenile facility inspection reports within 60 days of receipt of the reportIntroduced 2/23/23; referred to Youth Health and Safety Committee; bill died sine die5/29/23
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TXSB 1386Miles (D)Creates independent ombudsman for Texas Department of Criminal Justice, chosen by governor. Requires annual reporting on systemic issues inside the prison system and immediate reporting of serious issues like abuse or contagious disease outbreaks. Allows for confidential communications between ombudsman and incarcerated people or staff. Powers include investigating complaints from staff, incarcerated people, or their families, and periodic inspections of prison facilities. Ombudsman has full access to documents, facilities, and personnel in TDCJ. Also creates an advisory board of impacted people and stakeholders to advise the ombudsman on carrying out its duties. Introduced 3/1/23; referred to Criminal Justice committee; bill died sine die5/29/23
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VASB 994Marsden (D)Creates independent prison ombudsman's office and corrections oversight committee. Ombudsman powers include inspections of facilities and investigations of complaints from families, incarcerated people, and staff. Full access to facilities and documents granted to ombudsman. Also requires creation of complaint submission hotlines and email accounts for families, incarcerated people,and staff to use to submit complaints. Requires an annual report.Passed Senate Committee on Rehabilitation and Social Services 13-0 on 1/20/23; passed Senate Finance and Appropriations Committee unanimously; passed Senate Finance committee unanimously 2/2/23; passed Senate unanimously 2/6/23; passed House Public Safety Committee unanimously; bill died in House Appropriations Committee on a party line vote2/25/23
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Federal
H.R. 3019/S. 1401
Rep. McBath (D) Senator Ossoff (D) Grants Inspector General of US Department of Justice greater authority to investigate complaints from people and staff in prisons and families, and requires routine inspections and reporting on conditions of federal prisons.Introduced 5/2/2312/31/24
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Last updated 7/9/23
For more information contact Molly Gill, mgill@famm.org
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