Dakota Access Pipeline Protest Timeline, by Julie R. Neidlinger
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Items in red boxes indicate violence or breaking the law. Varying reds indicate an escalation level. You will start to see this appear further down the timeline. Green indicates a positive move against violence. The early part of the timeline shows that Standing Rock did, indeed, have much opportunity to participate, and sometimes did while other times choosing to ignore the opportunity. Blue indicates sketchy use of donated funds.http://nodaplprotest.comIf you want a more conversational version of much of this, read Scott Gates' long article: https://www.facebook.com/notes/scott-gates/on-the-standing-rock-tribes-dakota-pipeline-protest-/10154529600627457. Additional sources worth reading include: https://theprairieblog.areavoices.com/2016/11/30/our-water-is-our-single-last-property/ , http://www.americanthinker.com/articles/2016/10/you_need_oil_to_protest_oil.html , https://fee.org/articles/are-dapl-protesters-defending-or-attacking-property-rights/ , https://youtu.be/J8hUUo4hzew , https://www.facebook.com/notes/jeanna-knoll/nodapl-protesters-are-polluting-our-water-and-destroying-our-environment/1324659750887561, or a simple timeline here http://www.foxbusiness.com/markets/2017/01/25/timeline-dakota-access-oil-pipeline.html. The state of ND created a website for emergencies, and it includes many links, videos, and a timeline as well: http://ndresponse.gov/ The Bismarck Tribune has also created a good timeline using their comprehensive news coverage: http://bismarcktribune.com/news/state-and-regional/dakota-access-pipeline/collection_3ece8508-fce0-5f0f-a2b3-7092134bee07.html (6212016)
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6/4/1982Northern Border Pipeline, carrying natural gas, built through the exact area currently under protest in North Dakota.https://www.sayanythingblog.com/entry/dakota-access-pipeline-follows-existing-gas-line-protest-area/Standing Rock did not protest this pipeline at the time, despite it going through the same ground the Dakota Access Pipeline is attempting. http://www.upi.com/Archives/1981/09/03/Northern-Border-Pipeline-Co-announced-Thursday-that-mainline-construction/6243368337600/ The laws regarding tribe involvement in these types of projects changed in 1992 (http://www.achp.gov/regs-tribes.html) The current DAPL pipeline has an agreement with Northern Border to share the easement to cross the river at the same spot.
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11/10/2008Map released of all hazardous pipelines in the US, showing thousands of pipelines crossing rivers, including the Missouri River currently under protest.https://www.sayanythingblog.com/entry/almost-get-idea-weve-never-built-pipeline-across-river/
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2/1/2011Standing Rock passes motion to prohibit fracking.http://www.wrongkindofgreen.org/tag/fort-berthold-indian-reservation/The Bakken oil field isn't as prevalent near SRT. The Three Affiliated Tribes of Forth Berthold have an active oil production industry, as they are located in the heart of the Bakken. They signed agreements with Dakota Access. http://www.oilshalegas.com/bakkenshale.html
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6/1/2011The Army Corps opens the spillway on the Garrison Dam due to heavy spring melt in the Rockies, sending water surging down the Missouri River and creating months long flooding for some communities downstream. This included Bismarck/Mandan, who saw entire homes washed away and massive flooding and displacement of residents as the flood lasted several months.http://bismarcktribune.com/news/state-and-regional/history-and-heartbreak-a-sad-day-at-garrison-dam-as/article_9d90644e-8c97-11e0-aa6f-001cc4c03286.htmlThis has nothing to do with the pipeline, but many online commenters are saying that the northern route for the pipeline, which would have been north of Bismarck, was moved because the Army Corps doesn't want to hurt the "white people" of Bismarck/Mandan. The current Army Corps probably doesn't have a goal to hurt any people, but there is a precedent where they have made decisions where, indeed, those decisions hurt the "white people" of Bismarck/Mandan. It's worth noting that there is a high number of Native Americans who live in Bismarck as well, and that where the DAPL pipeline crosses the Missouri upstream from both Williston (and therefore, Bismarck) was not protested at all. The pipeline crosses about 17 miles from Williston's water intake. Standing Rock's new water intake (been int he works since 2002) at Mobridge, SD will be 70 miles from where the pipeline protest is occuring. (Read more: http://www.reuters.com/article/us-north-dakota-pipeline-water-idUSKBN13H27D) So, if it's an issue of safer water for white people, this information would apply. It's also worth noting that USACE decisions in the past have also hurt Native Americans (e.g. Pick-Sloan: https://www.facebook.com/tom.isern/posts/10101186445196449).
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10/1/2011David Archambault, current Standing Rock Tribal Chairman, purchases the Cannon Ball Pit Stop gas station.https://votedavearchambault.wordpress.com/2013/07/31/tokahe/#more-122As road blockades are enacted during 2016 DAPL protest, both by protesters and law enforcement, Archambault's gas station is the best option for gas for the buses, cars, and other transportation bringing protesters to and from the oil protest site. Gas stations on Standing Rock, including the casino, see a spike in fuel sales as the protests begin. (https://www.sayanythingblog.com/entry/anti-oil-nodapl-protest-great-gasoline-sales/) Archambault addresses his ownership here: http://www.myndnow.com/news/bismarck-news/tribal-chairman-discusses-owning-a-gas-station-while-fighting-a-pipeline/619199338
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5/1/2014Two routes are considered for the second pipeline crossing of the Missouri River: north of Bismarck, or south by Oahe. Corps evaluated the northern crossing as more sensitive to the environment and as affecting more wetlands. The pipeline DOES cross upstream of both Williston (about 15 miles from their water intake) and Bismarck, futher west by Watford City and Newtown area. There were no protests for those "white" cities. http://bismarcktribune.com/news/state-and-regional/pipeline-route-plan-first-called-for-crossing-north-of-bismarck/article_64d053e4-8a1a-5198-a1dd-498d386c933c.html"The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers evaluated the Bismarck route and concluded it was not a viable option for many reasons. One reason mentioned in the agency’s environmental assessment is the proximity to wellhead source water protection areas that are avoided to protect municipal water supply wells. In addition, the Bismarck route would have been 11 miles longer with more road crossings and waterbody and wetland crossings. It also would have been difficult to stay 500 or more feet away from homes, as required by the North Dakota Public Service Commission, the corps states. The Bismarck route also would have crossed an area considered by federal pipeline regulators as a “high consequence area,” which is an area determined to have the most significant adverse consequences in the event of a pipeline spill." To view the data on why the north route was considered more ecologically sensitive: https://www.sayanythingblog.com/entry/obama-dakota-access-going-let-play-im-not-president/ NOTE: the pipeline does cross the Missouri north/upstream of Bismarck, up by the Little Missouri west of Watford City. That is already in place. The plan has always called for two crossings, and the first was completed without protest a while ago. IT IS NOT TRUE THAT WHITE RESIDENTS DEMANDED THE PIPELINE BE MOVED: http://www.snopes.com/dapl-routed-through-standing-rock-after-bismarck-residents-said-no/
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6/19/2014SD tribes banned from meeting with President Obama. They wanted to "ask President Obama to publicly denounce the Keystone XL pipeline, continue to step up efforts to address suicide and language loss on reservations, and “most importantly” hear tribal perspectives about the Black Hills land claim." SRT Chairman Archambault informed the SD tribes they would not be allowed to participate in the meetings.http://www.indianz.com/News/2014/014106.asp
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7/29/2014Dakota Access meets with Iowa Utilities Boardhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bakken_pipeline
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9/17/2014Army Corps tries to set up meeting with Standing Rock Historic Officer without success.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdfCorps Tribal Liason Officer Joel Ames tries five times to setup a meeting with the tribal historic officer, but without any succes.
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9/30/2014Dakota Access meets with Standing Rock Sioux Tribal Council.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdfPipeline project is presented as a community outreach effort. Dakota Access also meets with the Tribal Historic Preservation Officer Waste' Win Young several times in the next months.
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9/30/2014Standing Rock Tribe expresses they do not want the pipeline routed as it is during a meeting.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XARJFdyyfachttps://www.facebook.com/scott.gates.750/posts/10154642366632457 regarding this: "This Sept 2014 meeting, which so many want to claim has ANY relevance, actually only goes to show the DUPLICITY and untruthfulness of the tribes claims. It shows the tribe DEMANDED a full Section 106 NHPA review in that meeting. The Army Corp did EXACTLY what the tribe demanded - and the tribe failed and refused to participate and respond. This recording clearly CONFIRMS the BAD FAITH on falsehoods on the part of the tribe in; (a.) demanding a Section 106 NHPA review, then (b.) failing/refusing to participate in it ... and then (c.) making the untruthful claim to the Court they had not been properly consulted. Those outright untruthful claims to the Court are exactly why the Court ruled the Army Corp HAD properly completed the Section 106 NHPA review the Standing Rock tribe demanded, and HAD fully complied with the Section 106 NHPA requirements, and DISMISSED the tribes claims." ADDITIONAL READING: This is a good take (https://theprairieblog.areavoices.com/2016/11/30/our-water-is-our-single-last-property/), and there is also this: https://www.sayanythingblog.com/entry/doesnt-matter-standing-rock-voiced-opposition-dapl-one-time-2014/
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10/2/2014Corps personnel tried to hold an arranged meeting with Dakota Access and Tribal Council on the Standing Rock Reservation.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdfTribal Chairman David Archambault told them the meeting had started earlier than planned and had already ended. Ames continued to try to schedule another meeting with the Historic Officer for the rest of October, but without luck.
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10/24/2014Corps sends out a letter to tribes, including Standing Rock, with information about the construction and maps of sites.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdfThe maps documented the known sites that the Corps had identified, including sites outside of the effected area. The Corps heard back from other tribes and the SHPO, but not Standing Rock. They provided an extra three weeks to respond.
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10/29/2014Dakota Access submits project to Iowa Utilities Boardhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bakken_pipeline
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11/6/2014New meeting with Tribal Council on Standing Rock Reservation, but DAPL removed from agenda because Standing Rock Historic Officer did not attend.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdf
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11/13/2014Dakota Access sends centerline files from their cultural survey to Standing Rock Tribe Historic Officer, but they hear no response back.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdf
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12/1/2014Informational meetings begin in Iowahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bakken_pipeline
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12/17/2014Dakota Access submits application for pipeline project to the ND PSC, describing project and route in detail.http://www.psc.nd.gov/database/documents/14-0842/001-030.pdfPage 20 of the application shows the two routes considered, including the longer route north of Bismarck. Included in the application are 13 pages of environmental studies of wetlands and various animal species, three pages listing the state and federal groups they consulted with (US Fish and Wildlife, USACE, Dept. of Interior, US Park Service, US Dept. of Ag., etc.), six pages on avoidance and exclusion areas, 13 pages on impact areas. Includes details on UDP (Unanticipated Discovery Plan) to use if previously unrecorded cultural sites are discovered. The contact listed on the UDP for an archaeological discovery does not include Standing Rock, but does include Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe (http://oilpatchdispatch.areavoices.com/2016/11/01/dakota-access-delayed-telling-regulators-about-artifacts-found-in-pipeline-route/)
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12/18/2014Corps makes determination of "No Historic Properties Affected" and gives the go ahead for soil bore testing, mailing this out in a letter to all tribes affected, and SHPO.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdf
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12/19/2014Corps emails Standing Rock Tribe Historic Officer requesting January meetings with the tribe to discuss Dakota Access.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdfThere was no respons from the Standing Rock Tribe Historic Officer.
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12/22/2014Application for Dakota Access pipeline is received by ND PSC.http://www.psc.nd.gov/public/consinfo/docs/SitingApplicationsOctober2015.pdfThe PSC did not evaluate the north-of-Bismarck route because Dakota Access had selected the current Missouri River crossing when it submitted its application in December 2014 (http://bismarcktribune.com/news/state-and-regional/pipeline-route-plan-first-called-for-crossing-north-of-bismarck/article_64d053e4-8a1a-5198-a1dd-498d386c933c.html)
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12/29/2014Dakota Access works to secure additional authorizations to continue pipeline construction.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdfThese applications contained water/wetland information, and cultural surveys. They also requested jurisdictional determination from the Corps for the proposed work.
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2/5/2015Corps informs Dakota Access they need more information than provided in their December 29, 2014 application.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdf
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2/12/2015Corps emails SRT Historic Officer to get comments.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdfThere was no respons from the Standing Rock Tribe Historic Officer regarding this, but she soon after contacted Ames at the Corps to let him know meetings weren't necessary because she was working directly with Dakota Access.
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2/17/2015Corps sends a letter to SRT Historic Officer regarding 55 PCN requests their office had for the pipeline.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdfThe letter explained most of the work would occur upland, in areas that weren't under the Corps control, though there were crossings of rivers (Missouri, James, Big Sioux, Des Moines, Mississippi, and Illinois) they'd have to permit. The letter noted Dakota Access was doing cultural surveys along the whole route. The Corps asked the Tribe if they had any concerns about such cultural issues, and if they wanted to consult on the project. The Corps asked for an answer by March 30, 2015. They also included Dakota Access proposal information as well as contact information for various Corps personnel.
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2/18/2015Corps grants limited exploratory soil bore testing to Dakota Access.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdf
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2/25/2015SRT Historic Officer sends a letter to Corps Regulatory Branch Chief, Martha Chieply.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdfThis letter is similar in content to what she sends to the Corps on March 2, 2015.
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3/2/2015SRT Historic Officer contacts Corps with concerns over locations of soil bore testing.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdfThis letter was dated the same day that the Corps had given the OK to start the work. The Tribal Historic Officer mentions the North Cannonball Village site, which is a half mile from the closest "area of potential affect" boundary. The letter also requests the tribe be involved in additional surveys, and in future testing and construction of the pipeline. This letter does not mention earlier Corps letters or invitations to get involved.
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3/25/2015Dakota Access provides a complete application to the Corps.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdf
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3/25/2015Dakota Access application to the ND PSC deemed complete.http://www.psc.nd.gov/public/consinfo/docs/SitingApplicationsOctober2015.pdfYou can find many documents from the PSC publicly available at http://www.psc.nd.gov/
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3/30/2015Corps sends letter regarding the environmental assessment to Standing Rock and other involved parties.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdfThis letter describes two possible crossing of Lake Sakakawea, and the Lake Oahe crossing (which would later be the target of protests). The Corps asked the tribe for comments.
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3/30/2015Corps (Ames) and SRT Historic Officer (Young) exchange emails.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdfNo record of these emails are available to provide information on what they contained.
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4/8/2015SRT Historic Officer responds to Corps (Ames), noting she had received the February 17 letter regarding the 55 PCNs.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdfThe bulk of the SRT Historic Officer letter, however, was focused on the lack of Corps response to her concerns about the soil bore testing. She wanted the Corps to clarify the "proper sequence of Section 106 National Historic Preservation Act process" (http://www.achp.gov/106summary.html) before continuing with the environmental assessment. She also claimed she hadn't been contacted by the Corps (Ames) and that the bore testing had been done on private land to avoid federal involvement. She ended by saying the Tribe opposed any pipeline drilling through their ancestral lands. She noted the tribe looked forward to full involvement in the tribal consultation process once it commenced.
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4/8/2015Corps talks on phone with SRT archaelogist Kelly Morgan to discuss additional pipeline realignments.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdfThe Corps (Ames) attempted to speak with SRT Historic Officer (Young) over the summer, but she informed him she was on extended leave until July 27, 2015. Ames was unable to determine if anyone was able to do her work in her absence.
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5/14/2015Iowa man says pipeline land agent offered him a prostitute for right-of-way land access.http://bismarcktribune.com/bakken/man-alleges-company-offered-prostitute-for-pipeline-right-of-way/article_3a0ccfeb-4388-53ec-915c-b88491eba789.html
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5/20/2015ND PSC announces public hearings for the proposed Dakota Access pipeline.http://www.psc.nd.gov/public/newsroom/2015/5-28-15DakotaAccessPipelineHearings.pdfThe meetings will be held in Mandan, Killdeer, and Williston. Detailed dates, times, and locations were provided. A map of the propsed route was provided.
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5/21/2015Public hearings for the Dakota Access pipeline project set.http://bismarcktribune.com/news/state-and-regional/public-hearing-on-dakota-access-pipeline-set/article_38d43fba-d108-5bf2-a61b-6651cdd9802e.html
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5/21/2015Iowa investigates claims that a prostitute was offered in return for a landowner to sign an easement for the pipeline.http://bismarcktribune.com/news/state-and-regional/iowa-investigators-looking-into-prostitutes-for-pipeline-claim/article_659ad95c-df68-54ff-b762-9e49384957a6.html
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5/24/2015Landowners affected by pipeline route form a group to create an easement that protects their interests.http://bismarcktribune.com/bakken/landowners-wary-of-huge-pipeline-project/article_4089f349-158d-51e5-bafa-2fd0adc6ebd1.html"About 60 individuals who own 40 tracts of land along the pipeline route have formed a landowner group to negotiate with the company, particularly on issues related to land reclamation.

“We’re not against the line,” said attorney Matt Kelly, one of the lawyers representing the group. “Our big thing is we want to write the best easement that’s ever been written in North Dakota to protect the landowner.”"
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5/28/2015Public meeting regarding the pipeline held at Baymont Inn in Mandan. 80 people attend.http://bismarcktribune.com/bakken/company-landowners-testify-on-pipeline-proposal/article_348dc9a0-15ea-5610-8a62-49cacd0fbd47.htmlPrimary focus was Mercer, Morton, and Emmons counties (http://www.psc.nd.gov/public/newsroom/2015/5-28-15DakotaAccessPipelineHearings.pdf)
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5/28/2015Landowners meet with pipeline officials to voice concerns and discuss the project.http://bismarcktribune.com/bakken/company-landowners-testify-on-pipeline-proposal/article_348dc9a0-15ea-5610-8a62-49cacd0fbd47.html
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5/30/2015Landowners caught in the middle of lawsuits with liens placed on their properties. (This is not directly related to DAPL)http://bismarcktribune.com/bakken/landowners-face-new-pipeline-twist/article_da41d90a-ff09-5c06-8404-82daf556309f.html"Great Northern released Mountain Peak during construction and the two parties have filed suit and countersuit in court, says Darren Snow, Great Northern’s vice president of operations.

The lien, in this case, was filed by a subcontractor, DRM Inc., a directional driller, hired by Mountain Peak.

Snow says DRM Inc. is not the only one and other subcontractors have placed liens on various parcels along the pipeline route. They’re doing so to protect their financial rights while Great Northern and Mountain Peak are in court, Snow said. Great Northern is trying get the landowners out of the middle, Snow said.

“We have asked our legal counsel to explain to us how we can get those liens removed. We don’t know if it will be to pay the subcontractor or post a bond or something else,” Snow said. “It’s very unfortunate that the landowners got drug into this. We don’t feel they should be in this.” DRM Inc.’s attorney, Quinn Fylling, of the Bismarck Pearce & Durick law firm, did not return a phone call or respond to an email message by Friday for this story. Fylling sent the notice to 17 landowners that read “… DRM Inc. intends to file a construction lien on real property titled in your name” within 10 days."
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6/5/2015Dakota Access pipeline is granted survey access for their project in North Dakota.http://bismarcktribune.com/bakken/dakota-access-pipeline-gains-survey-access-across-n-d/article_04cb2f02-8535-57a5-bc4e-0314c7e1ee77.html"Most North Dakota landowners who were sued for survey access by Dakota Access Pipeline reached agreements with the company and had their cases dismissed this week.

One landowner did take the matter to court, but a judge ruled in the company’s favor.

Energy Transfer Partners proposes to build the 1,134-mile pipeline from Stanley to Patoka, Ill. to transport 450,000 barrels of Bakken crude a day.

Dakota Access LLC filed civil lawsuits against several landowners in Williams, McKenzie, Mountrail, Dunn and Morton counties to gain survey access.

Although most landowners granted the survey access, being served a court summons prompted some to join a landowner group that is working with attorneys to negotiate with the company.

“They’d been sued and they wanted to join up with a larger group for more negotiating leverage,” said Montana attorney Matt Kelly, who is representing 64 landowners with Bismarck attorney Derrick Braaten."
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6/15/2015Public meetings regarding the pipeline held in Killdeer.http://bismarcktribune.com/bakken/company-landowners-testify-on-pipeline-proposal/article_348dc9a0-15ea-5610-8a62-49cacd0fbd47.htmlPrimary focus was McKenzie, Dunn, and Mercer counties (http://www.psc.nd.gov/public/newsroom/2015/5-28-15DakotaAccessPipelineHearings.pdf)
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6/15/2015Killdeer public meeting regarding the pipeline reveal that landowners are leery of the project over property concerns.http://bismarcktribune.com/bakken/landowners-leery-of-dakota-access-pipeline/article_a5de5ba1-2828-5b86-8c4f-115b00801717.html"On the ground, though, Dan Neurohr, of rural Dodge, said he isn’t being offered enough money for the more than 1 mile of easement the company wants across his land. He’s among those who hired Bismarck attorney Derrick Braaten to represent him. Neurohr said reclamation of his native grass is the first priority, followed closely by responsibility. “I want someone when I get on the phone and call, they can’t pass the buck,” he said. “I’m not against it, I just want it done right.”

Another Dunn County landowner, Robert Ferebee, said he wants Dakota Access to follow some other pipeline route already in existence in Dunn County. He said landowners don’t just have pipeline fatigue. “We have everything fatigue. Will I sign the easement? Eventually, I’ll have no choice," he said."
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6/25/2015Laborers International Union of America says it supports the pipeline project.http://bismarcktribune.com/bakken/laborers-union-showing-support-for-pipeline/article_1aba1792-41ba-5484-accc-8fa29a4f37c7.html
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6/26/2015Public meetings regarding the pipeline held in Williston.http://bismarcktribune.com/bakken/company-landowners-testify-on-pipeline-proposal/article_348dc9a0-15ea-5610-8a62-49cacd0fbd47.htmlPrimary focus was Mountrail, Williams, and McKenzie counties (http://www.psc.nd.gov/public/newsroom/2015/5-28-15DakotaAccessPipelineHearings.pdf)
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7/22/2015Corps Operations Manager Eric Stasch sends letter to Standing Rock describing the planned use of HDD for the Lake Oahe crossing.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdfStasch explained the Corps would consider the work a federal undertaking despite it taking place on private land. He noted Dakota Access' cultural surveys had identified an additional site in the proposed prep and staging area. He asked for a response in 30 days if the Tribe wanted to consult on the Oahe crossing.
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8/19/2015SRT Chairman Archambault sends letter to Colonel Cross, the Corps Commander and District Engineer for the Omaha District.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdfArchambault said he was frustrated that he hadn't been contacted about DAPL earlier. He invited Cross to Standing Rock to talk about it.
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8/19/2015Corps (Ames) emails Archambault's assistant attempting to schedule a meeting, but without success.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdf
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8/21/2015SRT Historic Officer (Young) sends letter to Corps (Stasch) regarding the Corps offer to the tribe in consulting on the Oahe crossing.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdfSRT Historic Officer (Young) again reiterates her stance regarding the soil bore testing, Section 106 NHPA, and her frustration that the Corps didn't respond to those specific issues. She also expressed frustration at being excluded from the Dakota Access surveys. She noted the Tribe wanted to be consulted prior to any work being completed, and to play a primary work in all survey work and monitoring.
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8/27/2015Corps staff archaeologist starts planning on site visit for Corps, Tribe, and ND SHPO to Lake Oahe.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdf
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9/3/2015Corps District Commander, Colonel Henderson, responds to Tribal Chariman Archambaulthttp://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdfAcknowledges receipts of Tribe's letters, as well as provides information on the requested PCN locations.
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9/15/2015ND landowner threatened with legal action and eminent domain for pipeline project access.http://bismarcktribune.com/company-advises-landowner-of-court-action-for-dakota-access-pipeline/article_d3276200-9588-57b7-a515-64ec2e997c90.html
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9/16/2015Corps (Stasch) sends letter to Tribe acknowledging willingness to work with Tribe and address concerns during upcoming visit to Lake Oahe.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdf
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9/16/2015Corps (Harnois) emails SRT archaelogist, inviting to participate in Lake Oahe visit.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdfThe two began emailing back and forth about logistics and dates.
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9/17/2015SRT archaeologist emails Corps (Harnois) to back out of Lake Oahe visit.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdfShe explained that the Tribe Historic Office decided it wasn't in their best interest to participate in the on site visits of Oahe and the corridor "at this time until government-to-government consultation has occurred for this project per Section 106 requirements as requested by the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe." The Corps did have the onsite meeting with the ND SHPO.
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9/28/2015SR Historic Officer (Young) sends letter to Corps (Henderson) noting her concern about the lack of consultation prior to start of archaeological surveys.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdfYoung again reiterates that the Tribe didn't receive correspondence before the soil bore testing. She complained of the exclusion of tribal participation up to this point. She said that she believed the entire length of the DAPL was under various federal considerations, and that the Corps was trying to avoid "federalization."
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9/29/2015Corps (Ames) calls SRT Chairman Archambault to set up a meeting between the Corps and the Tribe's Vice Chair for Oct. 28.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdf
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10/26/2015Standing Rock Tribe cancels the Corps meeting, saying no one could attend.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdfThe Tribe also cancels, on the same day, a future meeting with Colonel Henderson, promising to meet with him in a "few months." The Corps documented ten different attempts to contact the Tribe to talk about the pipeline over the month of October. In November, the Corps twice invites the Tribe to attend a general tribal meeting in Sioux Falls, SD. The invitation contained links to Dakota Access cultural surveys.
63
11/12/2015Iowa Utility Board hears testimony, with 275 people opposing the pipeline.http://iowapublicradio.org/post/public-voices-support-and-oppose-bakken-pipeline-across-iowa#stream/0
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11/30/2015SD approves DAPL, but also calls out the company for abusive practices on obtaining easments via lawsuits.http://bismarcktribune.com/news/state-and-regional/s-d-approves-major-pipeline-but-official-calls-company-abusive/article_d2e9215d-66f2-5f3d-8ef5-52a2bd90654b.html
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12/2/2015The Three Affiliated Tribes, situated in the heart of the Bakken, approve the Dakota Access pipeline with a 5-0 vote with two abstentions. They are paid an easement by Dakota Access.https://www.sayanythingblog.com/entry/fort-laramie-treaty-actually-requires-standing-rock-accept-pipeline/The minutes from that meeting have since been removed from the Three Affiliated Tribes website with all links from the December 2 meeting noticeably dead, but a screenshot of the minutes indicate that the ayes were: Chairman Mark Fox, Randy Phelan, L. Kenneth Hall, Fred Fox, and Cory Spotted Bear. The abstentions were: Mervin Packineau, Frank Grady.
66
12/8/2015Five tribes attend general tribal meeting in Sioux Falls, SD. Standing Rock does not attend.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdfCorps makes sure the tribes have copies of the cultural surveys. The group agrees to another meeting in January.
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12/8/2015Corps releases a draft of the environmental assessment of the pipeline project.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdfThe portion of the draft letter regarding Section 106 explains that consultations began in November 2014 which then closed in January 2015. It described the ongoing process, starting in July 2015, for the consultation of actual pipeline construction. The Corps acknowledged a a failure to secure onsite visits and government-to-government meetings. It also noted that SRT Historic Officer (Young) had said in October 2014 meeting with Dakota Access that the Lake Oahe HDD process seemed to avoid impacts to sites of known tribal significance. The Corps requests comments by January 8, 2016. http://cdm16021.contentdm.oclc.org/cdm/ref/collection/p16021coll7/id/2426
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12/17/2015Illinois approves DAPL.http://bismarcktribune.com/news/state-and-regional/illinois-becomes-second-state-to-approve-major-pipeline/article_87355b21-c771-524d-8115-4c7ef1ffa12a.html
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1/1/2016Dakota Access files condemnation lawsuits to gain access to land in ND.http://bismarcktribune.com/bakken/dakota-access-pipeline-files-condemnation-lawsuits/article_e4473aea-3b7b-534c-9110-7555ae86b6e6.html"Dakota Access LLC pipeline has filed 23 condemnation suits against 140 individuals, banks and a coal mine to gain easements through North Dakota.

Most of the suits were filed in December against landowners in Williams, Mountrail, McKenzie, Dunn, Mercer and Morton counties, mostly counties where people are feeling pipeline fatigue from numerous oil and gas pipeline projects. No suits were filed in Emmons County, which is far from the oil patch and where the pipeline would exit into South Dakota. Bismarck attorney Derrick Braaten said his firm represents about one-third of the individuals who are still holding out for better terms before they’ll sign, equivalent to about 10 percent of the pipeline’s 358 miles through the state.

Braaten said besides fair compensation, landowners want best-possible reclamation standards, including correct soil stripping, suitable revegetation and noxious weed control.

“Reclamation is the main issue for landowners,” Braaten said, adding that he believes an agreement is at hand and actual trials won’t be necessary."
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1/8/2016SRT Chairman Archambault responds to Corps.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdfArchambault says the Corps failed to consult the Tribe on cultural sites. He referenced the soil bore testing issue. He said the draft EA misrepresented the October 2014 position of the Tribe, because of a false impression provided by Dakota Access. He also said the 400-ft corridor Dakota Access surveyed was too narrow.
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1/20/2016ND Public Service Commission issues permit for pipeline.http://bismarcktribune.com/bakken/psc-issues-permit-for-dakota-access-pipeline/article_1019aaf0-f52f-50e3-9ea9-2087adf5daed.html
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1/22/2016Corps (Harnois) meets with SRT Chairman Archambault at Standing Rock.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdf
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1/25/2016Meeting held with tribes who attended general meeting in Sioux Falls. Standing Rock does attend.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdfCorps reviews cultural surveys and routes to consider if other DAPL crossings would affect historic areas.
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1/25/2016SRT archaeologist sends letter to Corps saying the Tribe was still interested in involvement in formal consultation in the pipeline project.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdfShe raised again that the Corps hadn't responded to their concerns regarding the soil bore testing. She said that testing should not go ahead, despite having acknowledged earlier Corps correspondance months earlier in which it was clear the soil bore testing was completed. She said the Tribe wanted a primary role in surveying and monitoring, and that the Tribe would refuse to participate in tribal meetings until Colonel Henderson came to Standing Rock to meet with them first. Corps responds by attempting to set up meetings, but calls were not returned. SRT Historic Officer Young leaves her job on Standing Rock.
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1/31/2016Dakota Access deadline to file briefs in court.https://www.facebook.com/DigitalSmokeSignals/videos/10155533234664746/After Dakota Access files their briefs, SRT has ten days afterwards to file their replies.
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2/18/2016Corps (Henderson) officiates at tribal summit. Standing Rock participates.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdf
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2/26/2016Corps (Henderson) meets with Standing Rock Tribe.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdfCorps committs to imposing additional conditions on DAPL, including double-walled piping.
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2/26/2016Youth and tribal members protest the Dakota Access Pipeline.http://bismarcktribune.com/bakken/tribal-members-protest-dakota-access-pipeline/article_7c26cc47-9e1e-554e-863c-5770f25566ef.html"A grassroots group of Standing Rock Sioux Tribe members protested the Dakota Access Pipeline in front of the tribal administration office Friday. Organizer Dustin Thompson said the group is opposed to the pipeline and feels administration has been close-lipped about the project, not taking into account the concerns of tribal members. Joye Braun, of Eagle Butte and the Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe of South Dakota, made the trip to Fort Yates with her daughter and members of the One Mind Youth Movement youth group. She said a group of tribal members from Cannon Ball was also expected to join the protest. Braun was active in opposition to the Keystone XL pipeline project proposed by TransCanada Corp. and is joining the fight against Dakota Access. “I have been fighting from where it starts near the Fort Berthold Reservation,” she said, and she has been meeting with landowners all along the route. [...] “I think the people on Standing Rock are just now learning what is going to happen,” said Braun, adding the tribe did speak against the project in South Dakota."
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3/3/2016Corps staff meets with Tribe at Corps headquarters.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdfMorgan expresses concern about cultural sites at James River crossing. Corps verifies sites based on that information, and informs Dakota Access to move pipeline to avoid them. Dakota Access complies.
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3/8/2016The tribe identifies areas of cultural significance in a meeting with the Corps.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdf"Several of the sites they identified were in areas that the Corps had determined were well outside the area of potential impact for the project, such as a cemetery approximately 1.2 miles from the nearest bore pit and .6 miles from the HDD preparation and construction area. Id. The group also toured the Cannonball Village site. Id. At this site, Morgan and Eagle pointed out places in the mole dirt where “pottery shards, pieces of bone, flint and tools used for scraping hides and cutting” were visible. Eagle, in addition, pointed out a sacred stone in the area that is still used for prayer. During the visit, Corps staff acknowledged that they had been previously unaware of some of these cultural resources and committed to further study of them." The Corps later determines that the Cannonball village site was far enough from the construction work and that these areas would not be affected.
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3/10/2016State of Iowa Department of Commerce Utilities Board grants hazardous liquid pipeline permit to Dakota Access.https://iub.iowa.gov/sites/default/files/files/board_activity/board-meetings/2016/Dakota-Access/20160408-order-accepting-compliance-filings-issuing-permit.pdf
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3/10/2016Iowa approves DAPL.http://bismarcktribune.com/news/state-and-regional/dakota-access-pipeline/collection_3ece8508-fce0-5f0f-a2b3-7092134bee07.html
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3/24/2016SRT Chairman Archambault responds to Corps.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdfArchambault says the Corps failed to consult the Tribe on cultural sites. Two other tribes indicated they thought they hadn't been fully consulted on the pipeline.
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4/1/2016Sacred Stone Camp (the first of the protest camps) is set up.
85
4/1/2016SRST members hold a ceremonial ride in protest of the pipeline.http://bismarcktribune.com/news/state-and-regional/spiritual-political-ride-protests-pipeline/article_e9038f1b-e6d4-5d77-9203-f9a3234af3e6.htmlAbsent is any discussion of treaty lands in the reasons for starting the ride.
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4/5/2016Standing Rock Tribe accepts two donations of $125,000 from green energy companies.http://freebeacon.com/issues/green-energy-companies-gave-250000-anti-pipeline-tribe/"On April 5, the Standing Rock Sioux’s tribal council unanimously voted to accept two $125,000 donations from ConEdison Development and Fagen Inc., a green energy design and construction company, according to council meeting minutes.
ConEdison Development, an unregulated subsidiary of utility company Consolidated Edison, acquired and began construction on a wind power facility near the Standing Rock reservation last year. Fagenwas a contractor on the project.
ConEdison’s chief executive told a North Dakota news station in April that its donation to the tribe was meant as a show of appreciation for the Standing Rock’s cooperation in building the Campbell County Wind Farm.
However, the timing coincides with intense tribal opposition to the planned Dakota Access Pipeline. The donations from ConEdison and Fagen came a year after the construction of the Campbell County Wind project, but just four days after the tribe’s pipeline protests began."
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4/14/2016Spirit Camp protest camp is two weeks old.http://bismarcktribune.com/news/state-and-regional/spirit-camp-prayers-oppose-pipeline/article_595fcaca-7db5-5c8f-8aae-a3545e115026.html
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4/15/2016Linton community welcomes Dakota Access pipeline in a public meeting.http://bismarcktribune.com/dakota-access-pipeline-reception-strong-in-linton/article_1c83338e-9a0a-5a90-be38-893b78ff3382.htmlProtesters were allowed at this public meeting where town residents were positive about the business the construction would bring. A description of the safety of the pipeline was presented: "Chuck Frey, a vice president, said Dakota Access Pipeline, built by Energy Transfer, will be as spill proof as is possible to build and the 7,300-foot section where the pipeline will cross the river just north of the reservation across toward Linton will be thicker than other pipe, backed up by remote-operated shutoff valves on either side of the river and subject to intense pressure testing before it’s put into use.

In addition, it will be directionally drilled at least 50 feet below the bed of the river and the entrance and exit bore holes will be well back from the river bank, Frey said.

“We can assure them (Standing Rock) we are in full compliance with all regulations,” Frey said."
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4/19/2016A bald eagle that had been injured but nursed back to health is released at the Spirit Camp.http://bismarcktribune.com/eagle-to-be-released-at-reservation-protest-camp/article_77b86b0d-1db1-572d-9316-3b5b11332578.html"A bald eagle, found gravely ill from a gunshot wound to its wing last fall, will be set free at 5 p.m. Thursday at the Spirit Camp north of the Cannon Ball community on the Standing Rock Sioux Reservation.

The Spirit Camp is in its third week of occupation in protest of the Dakota Access Pipeline, a Bakken crude transport line, scheduled to cross near the confluence of the Cannonball and Missouri rivers just north of the reservation boundary.

Both the Standing Rock Game and Fish Department and Dakota Zoo participated in the eagle’s recovery. Game and Fish director Jeff Kelly said the release at the camp is intended to raise awareness of the birds’ significance. He said his department is assisting an investigation into the recent discovery of six eagles, dead from ingesting poisoned pairie dogs." (NOTE: By late 2016-early 2017, it is revealed that a landowner had incorrectly used Rozol to kill prairie dogs.
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4/22/2016The USACE determines no historical sites would be affected.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdfFour days later, the NDHPO agrees. Standing Rock formally disagrees.
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4/27/2016NA youth participate in a 500-mile relay to protest the pipeline, from Cannon Ball to USACE in Omaha.http://bismarcktribune.com/news/state-and-regional/spiritual-relay-protests-dakota-access-pipeline/article_90f22a4f-52b7-5f37-91b4-f4ba9df87704.html"In solidarity with the ongoing fight against the Dakota Access Pipeline, young Plains Indians and other youthful supporters are participating in a 500-mile spiritual relay from Cannon Ball to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineer’s Omaha District office.

The “Run for Your Life: No DAPL” event left Cannon Ball Sunday and is expected to reach Omaha on Tuesday.

The runners will deliver a petition asking the corps to conduct a complete environmental impact statement before issuing a pipeline easement to cross near the confluence of the Cannonball and Missouri rivers just north of the Standing Rock Sioux Reservation boundary."
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4/29/2016Corps (Henderson) meets with Standing Rock Tribe.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdfArchambault says Corps is righting Section 106 issues by their actions. He noted that onsite visits were productive.
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5/3/2016Iowa regulators say DAPL started construction too early, but do not fine them.http://bismarcktribune.com/bakken/iowa-utilities-board-finds-dakota-access-committed-violations-it-considers/article_c55dc7c9-6377-59e6-ab15-4d10d48eb82a.html"The Iowa Utilities Board determined the early construction occurred but was only on property where developer Dakota Access LLC had obtained voluntary easements; had permission of the landowners; and done work that consisted only of staking for the pipeline and clearing trees using hand tools.

“In this situation, the board determines that Dakota Access should not be assessed civil penalties,” the utilities board stated in the order. “However, Dakota Access is put on notice that any future violations of the board’s orders, especially the requirement for notice to county inspectors, may result in action by the board, including civil penalties.”"
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5/10/2016Dakota Access has 95% of easements for the total pipeline, with 100% of easements in North Dakota.https://mwalliancenow.org/blog/dakota-access-easements-95-percent/All land traversed by the pipeline is private, except for Army Corps land. None of it crosses a Native American reservation.
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5/14/2016Corps (Henderson) meets with Standing Rock Tribe.http://earthjustice.org/sites/default/files/files/order-denying-PI.pdf(there's more -- I haven't finished going through the court document. I'd encourage you to read the court docs to get the rest of it. SRT did sign.)
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5/21/2016Two Iowa landowners sue DAPL over eminent domain concerns.http://bismarcktribune.com/news/state-and-regional/iowa-landowners-sue-bakken-pipeline-developers/article_3b62d84e-a010-5de3-9b2b-744e722dbdb7.html
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5/23/2016The town of Linton welcomes more than 500 pipeline workers.http://www.kfyrtv.com/home/headlines/Linton-NDs-Newest-Boom-Town-due-to-Dakota-Access-Pipeline-Construction-380587021.html"But an Emmons County town of about 1,100 people has quickly taken in more than 500 workers to construct the Dakota Access Pipeline.

Michels Corporation has set up shop one mile south of town. Pipeliners are flowing into the area to work on the Dakota Access Pipeline. The workers have almost double the population and local businesses are working hard to keep up with all their new customers.

"It's really wonderful, there just really nice to get to know and just really warm and welcoming people," says Tiffany Heer, Bayside Resort."
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5/23/2016Possible archaeological site in Iowa halts construction.http://bismarcktribune.com/news/state-and-regional/historic-iowa-site-may-be-in-path-of-bakken-pipeline/article_d74789bc-0982-5b69-9818-596f91346e8f.html"The Iowa Office of the State Archaeologist has received a claim that a historically significant site falls along the proposed path of the Dakota Access pipeline.

Iowa State Archaeologist John Doershuk said the call indicated that the site is in Lyon County, the state’s northwesternmost county and one of 18 the Bakken pipeline is slated to pass through. Details on location or what the site entails are vague, he said." http://bismarcktribune.com/news/state-and-regional/bakken-pipeline-permit-yanked-over-possible-sacred-burial-grounds/article_f6a14095-bf09-5694-9e70-1380a6122360.html
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5/24/2016Construction begins on Dakota Access in ND.http://www.wrongkindofgreen.org/tag/fort-berthold-indian-reservation/
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6/1/2016Sierra Club sues to stop DAPL in Iowahttp://bismarcktribune.com/bakken/sierra-club-sues-to-block-bakken-pipeline/article_73b57d02-9cbe-5778-bdbb-aa25d63daf66.html
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