Jacksonville Dollar General store shooting
Jacksonville, Florida8/26/23
Ryan Palmeter, 21, outfitted in body armor, fatally shot three Black victims in what authorities said was a racist hate crime. He then shot himself to death on the scene as police responded. Palmeter had first gone to Edward Waters University, a historically Black college, but was refused entry.
Palmeter was evaluated under Florida's Baker Act in 2017 (details unknown) and was the subject of a domestic disturbance call in 2016.
yeslocal gun stores
semiautomatic rifle, semiautomatic handgun
AR-15-style rifle; Glock pistol
Orange County biker bar shooting
Trabuco Canyon, California
John Snowling, 59, a retired sergeant from the Ventura Police Department, was targeting his estranged wife, and was killed by police responding to the scene.
semiautomatic handguns; shotgun
Philidelphia neighborhood shooting
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Kimbrady Carriker, 40, wearing a ski mask and body armor, allegedly opened fire randomly in the street in a southwestern neighborhood of Philadelphia. Carriker, who lived nearby, was cornered by police and apprehended. Early statements from local authorities were conflicting about Carriker's gender but later clarified is male.
The perpetrator reportedly posted disturbing content on social media
semiautomatic rifle, semiautomatic handgun
AR-15-style rifleBlackM;;;;
New Mexico neighborhood shooting
Farmington, New Mexico
Beau Wilson, 18, opened fire in a residential neighborhood around his home; he shot randomly at people, houses and cars, according to local authorities. A high school student, he wore body armor and used multiple guns, including an "AR-15-style rifle," and was shot dead by responding police.
semiautiomatic rifle; semiautomatic pistol
AR-15-style rifleWhiteM;;
Texas outlet mall shootingAllen, Texas5/6/23
Mauricio Garcia, 33, wore tactical gear and used an AR-15 to open fire outside a shopping mall in the city just north of Dallas; he was shot dead by a police officer who was nearby and responded to the attack. Investigators found evidence Garcia may have been motivated in part by far-right extremist ideology.
Reportedly had a history of mental health problems that led to the end of his military service
yes-semiautomatic rifleAR-15-style rifleLatinoM;;;;
Louisville bank shootingLouisville, Kentucky4/10/23
Connor Sturgeon, 25, opened fire inside Old National Bank, killing and injuring multiple victims, including responding police officers; he died in a shootout with police. He told at least one person before the attack that he was suicidal, and left a note that he intended to open fire at the bank, according to local authorities.
gun dealership in Louisville
semiautomatic rifleAR-15 rifleWhiteM;;
Nashville Christian school shootingNashville, Tennessee3/27/23
Audrey Hale, 28, who was a former student at the private Covenant School (pre-school; K-6), killed three adults and three 9-year-old children, before being shot dead by responding police.
semiautomatic rifle, semiautomatic handgun
F ("identifies as transgender" and "Audrey Hale is a biological woman who, on a social media profile, used male pronouns,” according to Nashville Metro PD officials);;;;;
Michigan State University shootingEast Lansing, Michigan2/13/23
Anthony D. McRae, 43, opened fire at Berkey Hall and the MSU union, according to local police. Following an intense manhunt in the area, he was found dead from a self-inflicted gunshot wound, police said.
semiautomatic handguns
Half Moon Bay spree shooting
Half Moon Bay, California
Chunli Zhao, 67, suspected of carrying out the attacks at a mushroom farm and near a trucking facility, was apprehended by police. Zhao reportedly worked at the mushroom farm.
semiautomatic handgun
LA dance studio mass shooting
Monterey Park, California
Huu Can Tran, 72, fled the scene in a white van and later shot himself to death as police closed in.
According to the LA Times, "Two law enforcement sources said the suspect recently showed up to the Hemet police station saying his family was trying to poison him."
semiautomatic assault weapon (Details pending)
Virginia Walmart shootingChesapeake, Virginia11/22/22
Andre Bing, 31, who worked as a supervisor at the store, opened fire on co-workers and then fatally shot himself, according to local authorities.
semiautomatic handgun
LGBTQ club shooting
Colorado Springs, Colorado
Anderson L. Aldrich, 22, wore body armor and opened fire upon entering the club as a dance party was underway; he was subdued by unarmed patrons who tackled him amid the carnage and held him down until police arrived.
Aldrich reportedly had a history of menacing behavior and violent threats.
semiautomatic rifle; semiautomatic handgun
University of Virginia shootingCharlottesville, Virginia11/13/22
Christopher Darnell Jones Jr., 22, allegedly opened fire after a charter bus returned to campus from a university field trip, killing three members of the UVA football team and injuring two other people. Jones Jr. reportedly was on the radar of the university's threat assessment team regarding talk of owning a gun and a prior 2021 incident involving a concealed weapon.
Dance's Sporting Goods; Colonial Heights, VA
semiautomatic pistol
Glock 45 9mm; Ruger AR-556 rifle (in his dorm room, with other weapons, gear, and ammo)
Raleigh spree shooting
Hedingham, North Carolina
Austin Thompson, 15, went on a rampage in the Hedingham neighborhood, where he lived; one of the fatalities included his 16-year-old brother, James. Thompson was critically wounded and apprehended by police after a long standoff, and was admitted to an area hospital in critical condition.
527Other15----shotgun, semiautomatic handgunWhiteM;;;
Greenwood Park Mall shootingGreenwood, Indiana7/17/22
Jonathan Sapirman, 20, opened fire in a mall food court and was soon shot dead by a 22-year-old armed civilian, whose response local authorities called "nothing short of heroic."
325workplace20--yesin Greenwood
semiautomatic rifles; semiautomatic handgun
Sig Sauer M400 rifle
Highland Park July 4 parade shootingHighland Park, Illinois7/4/22
Suspected gunman Robert "Bobby" Crimo, 21, allegedly opened fire with a rifle from a rooftop during an Independence Day parade, unleashing several bursts of rapid fire, and then escaped from the scene as police responded. He was taken into custody about eight hours later, a few miles from the scene of the attack, following a large-scale manhunt by law enforcement. (*Further details pending.)
legally purchased by the shooter in the "greater Chicago area" per authorities
semiautomatic rifle
AR-15 style rifle, possibly modified for rapid fire
Church potluck dinner shootingBirmingham, Alabama6/16/22
Robert Findlay Smith, 70, opened fire with a handgun at a potluck dinner and was subdued by a church member until police arrived to apprehend him.
semiautomatic handgun
Concrete company shootingSmithsburg, Maryland6/9/22
Joe Louis Esquivel, 23, shot four coworkers and was captured a short time later after a shootout with police.
semiautomatic handgun
Tulsa medical center shootingTulsa, Oklahoma6/1/22
Michael Louis, 45, killed four, including two doctors, and took his own life, according to authorities. "The gunman, who the chief said fatally shot himself, had been carrying a letter saying he blamed his surgeon for continuing back pain and intended to kill him and anyone who got in the way," according to the New York Times. Louis purchased the AR-15-style rifle he used the day of the attack, according to city Police Chief Wendell Franklin.
semiautomatic rifle; semiautomatic handgun
AR-15 style rifle; .40 caliber Smith & Wesson pistol
Robb Elementary School massacreUvalde, Texas5/24/22
Salvador Ramos, 18, was identified by authorities as the suicidal gunman who attacked at Robb Elementary school.
211738School18yes-yes-semiautomatic rifles-LatinoM;;
Buffalo supermarket massacreBuffalo, New York5/14/22
Payton S. Gendron, 18, committed a racially motivated mass murder, according to authorities. He livestreamed the attack and was apprehended by police.
previous threats and a mental health evaluation prompted by state police investigation in June 2021
yes-semiautomatic rifle
Bushmaster XM-15 semiautomatic rifle
Sacramento County church shootingSacramento, California2/28/22
"A man believed to be meeting his three children for a supervised visit at a church just outside Sacramento on Monday afternoon fatally shot the children and an adult accompanying them before killing himself, police officials said. Sheriff Scott Jones of Sacramento County told reporters at the scene that the gunman had a restraining order against him, and that he had to have supervised visits with his children, who were younger than 15." (NYTimes)
404Religious-----semiautomatic rifle
AR-15-style "ghost gun"
Oxford High School shootingOxford, Michigan11/30/21
Ethan Crumbley, a 15-year-old student at Oxford High School, opened fire with a Sig Sauer 9mm pistol purchased four days earlier by his father, and was apprehended by police shortly thereafter. Prosecutors filed charges against Crumbley for terrorism and first-degree murder.
semiautomatic handgun
Sig Sauer 9mm pistol
San Jose VTA shootingSan Jose, California5/26/21
Samuel Cassidy, 57, a Valley Transportation Authorty employee, opened fire at a union meeting at the light rail facility, soon also fatally shooting himself at the scene. Before the attack, Cassidy had set fire to his own house, where he also had firearms and a stockpile of ammunition. His legal history included his ex-wife filing a restraining order against him in 2009.
Perpetrator had a history of depression, angry behavior and making people around him fearful; former intimate partners decribed him as being mentally unstable
semiautomatic handguns
FedEx warehouse shootingIndianapolis, Indiana4/15/21
Brandon Scott Hole, 19, opened fire around 11 p.m. in the parking lot and inside the warehouse, and then shot himself fatally as police responded to the scene.
Perpetrator had been reported to police in 2020 by his mother as potentially suicidal; he was detained by authorities on a temporary mental health hold
yes-semiautomatic rifle-WhiteM;;;
Orange office complex shootingOrange, California3/31/21
Aminadab Gaxiola Gonzalez, 44, allegedly opened fire inside a small business at an office complex, killing at least four victims, including a nine-year-old boy, before being wounded in a confrontation with police and taken into custody. According to law enforcement officials, Gonzalez had chained the front and rear gates to the complex with bicycle cable locks to hinder police response.
semiautomatic handgun
Boulder supermarket shootingBoulder, Colorado3/22/21
Ahmad Al Aliwi Alissa, 21, carried out a mass shooting at a King Soopers that left 10 victims dead, including veteran police officer Eric Talley, who was the first officer to respond on the scene. Alissa was wounded by police and taken into custody.
Brother described him as paranoid; multiple accounts of anger issues from others who knew him. Misdemeanor criminal record for a violent assault during his senior year in high school.
semiautomatic rifle, semiautomatic handgun; tactical vest
Ruger AR-556; weapon was purchased six days before the attack
Atlanta massage parlor shootingsAtlanta, Georgia3/16/21
Robert Aaron Long, 21, killed eight people at three massage parlors. An additional victim was injured. Six of the deceased victims were women of Asian descent. According to law enforcement officials, Long, who is white, made claims in custody about having sexual addiction issues, and had frequented the massage parlors. He also spoke of intent to attack additional locations in Florida.
semiautomatic handgun
Springfield convenience store shooting
Springfield, Missouri3/16/20
Joaquin S. Roman, 31, went on a rampage culminating at a Kum & Go, killing four people, including a police officer, before fatally shooting himself on the scene.
semiautomatic rifle; semiautomatic handgun
SKS 7.62-caliber rifle; Glock 9mm
Molson Coors shootingMilwaukee, Wisconsin2/26/20
Anthony Ferrill, 51, an employee armed with two handguns, including one with a silencer, opened fire on the Milwaukee campus of the beer company, killing five people and then committing suicide. According to the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, Ferrill "had been involved in a long-running dispute with a co-worker that boiled over" in the run-up to the attack.
semiautomatic handgun
Jersey City kosher market shootingJersey City, New Jersey12/10/19
David N. Anderson, 47, and Francine Graham, 50, were heavily armed and traveling in a white van when they first killed a police officer in a cemetery, and then opened fire at a kosher market, “fueled both by anti-Semitism and anti-law enforcement beliefs,” according to New Jersey authorities. The pair, linked to the antisemitic ideology of the Black Hebrew Israelites extremist group, were killed after a lenghty gun battle with police at the market.
semiautomatic rifle; shotgun; semiautomatic handguns
AR-15-style rifle; Mossberg 12-gauge shotgun; 9mm Ruger pistol, 9mm Glock 17
BlackMale & Female;;;;
Pensacola Naval base shootingPensacola, Florida12/6/19
Ahmed Mohammed al-Shamrani, 21, a Saudi Arabian military pilot training in the United States, opened fire just before 7 a.m. in an air station classroom. He was soon shot and killed by responding Florida sheriff’s deputies.
semiautomatic handgun
Odessa-Midland shooting spreeOdessa, Texas8/31/19
Seth A. Ator, 36, fired at police officers who stopped him for a traffic violation, and then went on a driving rampage in the Odessa-Midland region, where he also shot a postal worker and stole her vehicle. He was shot dead by law enforcement responding to the rampage. Ator had been fired from a job just prior to the attack (though per the FBI he had shown up to that job "already enraged"). He had a criminal record and "a long history of mental problems and making racist comments," according to a family friend who spoke to the media.
"One friend of the family said the gunman had a long history of mental problems, trouble with the law and making racist comments," according to a report in the New York Times.
--semiautomatic rifle-WhiteM;;;;
Dayton entertainment district shootingDayton, Ohio8/4/19
Connor Betts, 24, died during the attack, following a swift police response. He wore tactical gear including body armor and hearing protection, and had an ammunition device capable of holding 100 rounds. Betts had a history of threatening behavior dating back to high school, including reportedly having hit lists targeting classmates for rape and murder.
92736Other24--Yes-semiautomatic rifle
AR-15-style rifle, with a 100-round capacity ammunition drum
El Paso Walmart mass shootingEl Paso, Texas8/3/19
Patrick Crusius, 21, who was apprehended by police, posted a so-called manifesto online shortly before the attack espousing ideas of violent white nationalism and hatred of immigrants. "This attack is a response to the Hispanic invasion of Texas," he allegedly wrote in the document.
222648Workplace21--Yes-semiautomatic rifle
AK-47-style rifle, per authorities
Gilroy garlic festival shootingGilroy, California7/28/19
Santino William LeGan, 19, fired indiscriminately into the crowd near a concert stage at the festival. He used an AK-47-style rifle, purchased legally in Nevada three weeks earlier. After apparently pausing to reload, he fired additional multiple rounds before police shot him and then he killed himself. A witness described overhearing someone shout at LeGan, "Why are you doing this?" LeGan, who wore camouflage and tactical gear, replied: “Because I'm really angry." The murdered victims included a 13-year-old girl, a man in his 20s, and six-year-old Stephen Romero.
Nevada, on July 9
semiautomatic rifle
AK-47-style rifle, per authorities
Virginia Beach municipal building shooting
Virginia Beach, Virginia5/31/19
DeWayne Craddock, 40, a municipal city worker wielding handguns, a suppressor and high-capacity magazines, killed en masse inside a Virginia Beach muncipal building late in the day on a Friday, before dying in a prolonged gun battle with police. Craddock reportedly had submitted his resignation from his job that morning. He was a veteran of the Virginia Army National Guard, and "had a shaved head, bodybuilder’s physique and cameras in the windows of his house on a peaceful cul-de-sac," according to the Washington Post.
12416Workplace40TBD-Yes-2 handguns
.45-caliber handguns; noise suppressor (silencer); several high-capacity magazines
Harry Pratt Co. warehouse shootingAurora, Illinois2/15/19
Gary Martin, 45, went on a rampage inside the warehouse in response to being fired from his job and died soon thereafter in a shootout with police. Among his victims were five dead coworkers and five injured police officers. Martin had a felony record and lengthy history of domestic violence; he was able to obtain a gun despite having had his Illinois firearms ownership identification card revoked. According to a report from prosecutors, Martin told a co-worker the morning of the shooting that if he was fired he was going to kill employees and police.
Smith & Wesson handgun, with a green sighting laser
Pennsylvania hotel bar shooting
State College, Pennsylvania
Jordan Witmer, 21, shot three people at a Ramada Hotel bar near Penn State University, including a former girlfriend he was there with. He then fled the bar, crashed his car about a mile away, and stormed into a random house, fatally shooting an elderly resident and then himself. Witmer, who had a legal carry permit for his handgun, had just finished a three-year stint in the US Army; ten days prior to the attack he had been convicted on drunk driving-related charges in Kentucky, where he'd been stationed.
SunTrust bank shootingSebring, Florida1/23/19
Zephen A. Xaver, 21, fatally shot five women inside a bank and then called the police to confess. He was armed with a handgun and wore a bulletproof vest. He reportedly ordered the women to lie down on the floor and shot them execution-style. After a standoff with police, he surrendered and was taken into custody. A week prior, Xaver had quit a job as a prison guard trainee, and authorities said they believed the shooting was "a random act" and that roberry did not appear to be a motive. An ex-girlfriend in Indiana told local media she'd been “scared for years” by Xaver’s talk of violence and death, but that her warnings to others (who she did not identify) were not taken seriously. She said she’d first met Xaver in a psychiatric hospital in 2013. In March 2017, Michigan State Police documented an incident in which Xaver indicated he was “possibly thinking of suicide by cop and taking hostages."
Xaver was reported to have a lenghty history of expressing violent desires; an ex-girlfriend said she first met him at a psychiatric hospital in 2013.
Yes-handgun9 mm handgunWhiteM;;;;;;
Mercy Hospital shootingChicago, Illinois11/19/18
Juan Lopez, 32, confronted his former fiancé, ER doctor Tamara O'Neal, before shooting her and opening fire on others at the hospital, including a responding police officer, Samuel Jimenez, and a pharmacy employee, Dayna Less. Lopez was fatally shot by a responding SWAT officer. Lopez had a history of domestic abuse against an ex-wife, and was kicked out of a fire department training academy for misconduct against female cadets.
semiautomatic handgun
9mm handgunLatinoM;;;;;
Thousand Oaks nightclub shooting
Thousand Oaks, California
Ian David Long, 28, dressed in black and armed with a handgun and a “smoke device,” approached the Borderline Bar & Grill — a country music venue popular with college students — close to midnight and opened fire, killing a security guard and then others in the club, including a sheriff’s deputy responding to the attack. Long was found dead at the scene from apparent suicide. He was a former Marine and had a history of interactions with local law enforcement, including a mental health evaluation in which he’d been cleared.
Per the LATimes: "Sheriff Geoff Dean said his department had had several interactions with Long, including a call to his home in April for a complaint of disturbing the peace. Deputies at the time said Long was irate and acting irrationally, Dean said. They called in mental health professionals to evaluate him, and they concluded he did not need to be taken into custody."
A gun store in Simi Valley
semiautomatic handgun
Glock 21, .45 caliber; high-capacity magazine
Tree of Life synagogue shooting
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Robert D. Bowers, 46, shouted anti-Semitic slurs as he opened fire inside the Tree of Life synagogue during Saturday morning worship. He was armed with an assault rifle and multiple handguns and was apprehended after a standoff with police. His social media accounts contained virulent anti-Semitic content, and references to migrant caravan "invaders" hyped by President Trump and the Republican party ahead of the 2018 midterms elections.
(Unclear; investigators confirmed he owned 10 guns in total, all purchased and possessed legally, and had a handgun license)
semiautomatic rifle; semiautomatic handguns
AR-15; Glock .357 (3)
Rite Aid warehouse shootingPerryman, Maryland9/20/18
Snochia Moseley, 26, reportedly a disgruntled employee, shot her victims outside the building and on the warehouse floor; she later died from a self-inflicted gunshot at a nearby hospital. (No law enforcement officers responding to her attack fired shots.)
semiautomatic handgun
Glock 9 mmBlackF;;;
T&T Trucking shootingBakersfield, California9/12/18
Javier Casarez, 54, who was going through a bitter divorce, went on a shooting spree targeting his ex-wife and former coworkers at the trucking company. His attack included fatally shooting one victim who he pursued to a nearby sporting goods retailer, and two others at a private residence. After then carjacking a woman who was driving with a child (and letting the two go), Casarez fatally shot himself as law enforcement officials closed in on him.
Smith & Wesson Model 500 (.50-caliber revolver)
Fifth Third Center shootingCincinnati, Ohio9/6/18
Omar Enrique Santa Perez, 29, walked into the ground-floor lobby of a building in downtown Cincinnati shortly after 9 a.m. and opened fire. Within minutes, Perez was fatally wounded in a shootout with law enforcement officers responding to the scene.
Perez filed a "delusional" lawsuit in 2017 against CNBC and TD Ameritrade; the federal judge who threw out the case said Perez's allegations were "rambling, difficult to decpipher and borders on delusional."
YesA local gun store
semiautomatic handgun
9mm handgunLatinoM;;;;
Capital Gazette shootingAnnapolis, Maryland6/28/18
Jarrod W. Ramos, 38, shot through the glass doors of the paper’s newsroom around 3pm to carry out his attack; police quickly responding to the scene found him hiding under a desk and apprehended him. Ramos had harbored a longstanding grudge against the paper over a 2011 column that had detailed his guilty plea for the harassment of a former female classmate. Ramos had sued the paper for defamation and lost.
12-gauge pump-action shotgun
Santa Fe High School shootingSanta Fe, Texas5/18/18
Dimitrios Pagourtzis, a 17-year-old student, opened fire at Santa Fe High School with a shotgun and .38 revolver owned by his father; Pagourtzis killed 10 and injured at least 13 others before surrendering to authorities after a standoff and additional gunfire inside the school. (Pagourtzis reportedly had intended to commit suicide.) Investigators also found undetonated explosive devices in the vicinity. (FURTHER DETAILS PENDING.)
Father's weapons
shotgun; .38 revolver-WhiteM;;
Waffle House shootingNashville, Tennessee4/22/18
Travis Reinking, 29, opened fire around 3:30 a.m. in the parking lot of a Waffle House in Antioch, and continued shooting as he entered the restaurant. As he attempted to reload his AR-15, a bystander heroically wrestled the rifle away from Reinking, who then fled; he was captured by authorities the following day. Reinking had a history of erratic behavior and run-ins with law enforcement in his home state of Illinois, including claims that he was being stalked and harassed by pop star Taylor Swift. In July 2017, he was arrested at the White House after breaching security in an effort to speak with President Trump, reportedly claiming his right to do so as “a sovereign citizen.”
Reinking had a history of erratic behavior and run-ins with law enforcement in his home state of Illinois, including claims that he was being stalked and harassed by pop star Taylor Swift. In July 2017, he was arrested at the White House after breaching security in an effort to speak with President Trump, reportedly claiming his right to do so as “a sovereign citizen.”
YesFamily membersemiautomatic rifleAR-15WhiteM;;;;;;;;
Yountville veterans home shootingYountville, California3/9/18
Army veteran Albert Cheung Wong, 36, stormed a veterans home where he was previously under care, exchanging gunfire with a sheriff’s deputy and taking three women hostage, one of whom he’d previously threatened. After a standoff with law enforcement, he killed the three women and himself.
Wong had served in Afghanistan and had a history of PTSD.
semiautomatic rifle; shotgun
Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School shooting
Parkland, Florida2/14/18
Nikolas J. Cruz, 19, heavily armed with an AR-15, tactical gear, and “countless magazines” of ammo, according to the Broward County Sheriff, attacked the high school as classes were ending for the day, killing at least 17 people and injuring many others. He was apprehended by authorities shortly after fleeing the campus.
Cruz had a long history of behavioral problems and had spent time in mental health clinics.
A Florida pawn shop
semiautomatic rifleAR-15WhiteM;;;
Pennsylvania carwash shootingMelcroft, Pennsylvania1/28/18
Timothy O'Brien Smith, 28, wearing body armor and well-stocked with ammo, opened fire at a carwash early in the morning in this rural community, killing four people. A fifth victim, though not shot, suffered minor injuries. One of the deceased victims, 25-year-old Chelsie Cline, had been romantically involved with Smith and had broken off the relationship recently, according to her sister. Smith shot himself in the head and died later that night at the hospital.
semiautomatic rifle and semiautomatic handgun
Rancho Tehama shooting spree
Rancho Tehama, California
Kevin Janson Neal, 44, went on an approximately 45-minute shooting spree in the rural community of Rancho Tehama Reserve in Northern California, including shooting up an elementary school, before being killed by law enforcement officers. Neal had also killed his wife at home.
51015Other44TBD-NoTBDsemiautomatic rifles
Two illegally modified rifles
Texas First Baptist Church massacre
Sutherland Springs, Texas
Devin Patrick Kelley, a 26-year-old ex-US Air Force airman, opened fire at the First Baptist Church in Sutherland Springs during Sunday morning services, killing at least 26 people and wounding and injuring 20 others. He left the church and fled in his vehicle after engaging in a gunfight with a local citizen; he soon crashed his vehicle and died from a self-inflicted gunshot wound.
Kelley had a history of domestic violence, including a court martial and conviction stemming from assaulting his wife and child; he also had a history of cruelty to animals and of stalking and harassing ex-girlfriends, including an underage girl. He reportedly briefly escaped from a mental health facility in 2012.
Kelley passed federal criminal background checks; the US Air Force failed to provide information on his criminal history to the FBI
Purchased in April 2016 from an Academy Sports & Outdoors store in San Antonio
semiautomatic rifle
Ruger AR-556; Kelley also possessed semiautomatic handguns
Walmart shooting in suburban DenverThornton, Colorado11/1/17
Scott Allen Ostrem, 47, walked into a Walmart in a suburb north of Denver and fatally shot two men and a woman, then left the store and drove away. After an all-night manhunt, Ostrem, who had financial problems but no serious criminal history, was captured by police after being spotted near his apartment in Denver.
semiautomatic handgun
Edgewood businees park shootingEdgewood, Maryland10/18/17
Radee Labeeb Prince, 37, fatally shot three people and wounded two others around 9am at Advance Granite Solutions, a home remodeling business where he worked near Baltimore. Hours later he shot and wounded a sixth person at a car dealership in Wilmington, Delaware. He was apprehended that evening following a manhunt by authorities.
.380-caliber; make unclear
Las Vegas Strip massacreLas Vegas, Nevada10/1/17
Stephen Craig Paddock, 64, fired a barrage of rapid gunfire—using semiautomatic rifles modified with "bump stocks"—at thousands of concertgoers on the Las Vegas Strip late on a Sunday night; Paddock had positioned himself in a corner suite on the 32nd floor of the Mandalay Bay Resort and Casino, where he took aim from windows he'd smashed open. Police responding to the attack found Paddock inside the hotel suite, deceased from a self-inflicted gunshot.
Perpetrator's history unclear. In 1969 Paddock's father was classified by the FBI as a dangerous psychopath with suicidal tendencies; psychopathy can be heritable (see Mother Jones sourcing).
Two gun shops in Nevada
23 firearms, mostly rifles; including scopes, and two modified for "fully automatic" firing; two were mounted on tripods
AR-15-style and AK-47-style rifles and "a large cache of ammunition"; four Daniel Defense DDM4 rifles, three FN-15s and other rifles made by Sig Sauer.
WhiteM;;;;;;;;; *Note: casualty count from LVMPD report 1-18-18: "deaths of 58 innocent concert goers and injuring more than
700";;;;;;;;;; *Note: casualty count from LVMPD report 1-18-18: "deaths of 58 innocent concert goers and injuring more than
San Francisco UPS shooting
San Francisco, California
Jimmy Lam, 38, fatally shot three coworkers and wounded two others inside a UPS facility in San Francisco. Lam killed himself as law enforcement officers responded to the scene.
Lam had a history of domestic, work conflict
Unclear; the firearm was stolen in Utah. A second handgun Lam had (also stolen) was unused in the attack.
two handguns
MAC-10-style “assault pistol”; 30-round magazine. An additional box of ammunition.
Pennsylvania supermarket shooting
Tunkhannock, Pennsylvania
Randy Stair, a 24-year-old worker at Weis grocery fatally shot three of his fellow employees. He reportedly fired 59 rounds with a pair of shotguns before turning the gun on himself as another co-worker fled the scene for help and law enforcement responded.
Florida awning manufacturer shootingOrlando, Florida6/5/2017
John Robert Neumann, Jr., 45, a former employee of manufacturer Fiamma Inc. fatally shot five workers at the company, and then killed himself on the scene. He'd been fired from the company in April. The attack took place a week before the one-year anniversary of the Orlando nightclub massacre.
semiautomatic handgun
Rural Ohio nursing home shootingKirkersville, Ohio5/12/2017
Thomas Hartless, 43, shot and killed a former girlfriend and another employee of a nursing home, and fatally shot the Kirkersville police chief responding to the scene. Hartless' former girlfriend had recently obtained a court protection order against Hartless. Investigators later found more than 60 firearms in the home of Hartless, who was found dead at the scene of the attack, having turned his gun on himself, according to local authorities.
Hartless had a violent criminal history; his former girlfriend had submitted a letter in court recently stating that he had "a severe mental disorder."
TBD-handgun, shotgun-WhiteM;;;
Fresno downtown shootingFresno, California4/18/2017
Kori Ali Muhammad, 39, opened fire along a street in downtown Fresno, killing three people randomly in an alleged hate crime prior to being apprehended by police. Muhammad, who is black, killed three white victims and later described his attack as being racially motivated; he also reportedly yelled 'Allahu Akbar' at the time he was arrested, but authorities indicated they found no links to Islamist terrorism.
303Other39Unclear-Unknown-handgun.357 revolverBlackM;
Fort Lauderdale airport shootingFort Lauderdale, Florida1/6/2017
Esteban Santiago, 26, flew from Alaska to Fort Lauderdale, where he opened fire in the baggage claim area of the airport, killing five and wounding six before police aprehended him. (Numerous other people were reportedly injured while fleeing during the panic.)
Among other signs, Santiago had gone to a FBI office in Anchorage and complained that his mind was being controlled by the CIA.
semiautomatic handgun
Walther 9mm semi-automatic pistol[
Cascade Mall shootingBurlington, Washington9/23/2016
Arcan Cetin, 20, killed a teen girl and three women in the cosmetics section of a Macy’s department store at the Cascade Mall. A man was critically wounded in the shooting and taken to Harborview Medical Center in Seattle, where he died. Cetin was apprehended by police a few hours after the shooting while driving a car near his residence.
According to the Cetin's stepfather he had "mental health issues"; court records showed that he suffered from anxiety and depression.
TBD-RifleRuger .22-caliber-M;;
Baton Rouge police shootingBaton Rouge, Lousiana7/17/2016
Gavin Long, 29, a former Marine who served in Iraq, killed three police offers responding to a 911 call, and wounded three others. He was killed in a shoot-out with other officers responding to the scene. Prior to the attack, Long posted prolifically on social media, where he expressed admiration for the cop killer in Dallas 10 days prior.
Two semiautomatic rifles; one semiautomatic handgun
IWI Tavor SAR 5.56 caliber rifle, Springfield XD 9, 9mm
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Dallas police shootingDallas, Texas7/7/2016
Micah Xavier Johnson, a 25-year-old Army veteran, targeted police at a peaceful Black Lives Matter protest, killing five officers and injuring nine others as well as two civilians. After a prolonged standoff in a downtown building, law enforcement killed Johnson using a robot-delivered bomb.
online and or gun show
Semiautomatic rifle, semiautomatic handguns
Izhmash-Saiga 5.45mm (AK-style) semiautomatic rifle with large capacity magazines; Glock 9mm handgun, .25-caliber semiautomatic handgun
Orlando nightclub massacreOrlando, Florida6/12/2016
Omar Mateen, 29, attacked the Pulse nighclub in Orlando in the early morning hours of June 12. He was killed by law enforcement who raided the club after a prolonged standoff.
Shooting center in Port St. Lucie, Florida
Semiautomatic rifle, semiautomatic handgun
Sig Sauer MCX rifle, Glock 17 9mm; high-capacity magazines (30 rounds)
Excel Industries mass shootingHesston, Kansas2/25/2016
Cedric L. Ford, who worked as a painter at a manufacturing company, shot victims from his car and at his workplace before being killed by police at the scene. Shortly before the rampage he had been served with a restraining order.
Semiautomatic rifle, semiautomatic handgun
Zastava Serbia AK-47-style rifle, Glock Model 22 .40-caliber handgun; high-capacity magazines (30 rounds)
Kalamazoo shooting spree
Kalamazoo County, Michigan
Jason B. Dalton, a driver for Uber, apparently selected his victims randomly as he went on a rampage over several hours in three different locations, including five people he shot in the parking lot of a Cracker Barrel restaurant. He was "arrested without incident" at a downtown Kalamazoo bar about six hours after the rampage began.
Semiautomatic handgun
9 mm handgun (ammo used unclear)
San Bernardino mass shooting
San Bernardino, California
Syed Rizwan Farook left a Christmas party held at Inland Regional Center, later returning with Tashfeen Malik and the two opened fire, killing 14 and wounding 21, ten critically. The two were later killed by police as they fled in an SUV.
The suspects purchased their handguns in the United States; the assault rifles were purchased by a third party.
Two assault rifles and two semi-automatic pistols were used in the attack. Police found a remote controlled explosive device at the scene of the crime. At the home were 12 pipe bombs, 2,500 rounds for the AR-15 variants, 2,000 rounds for the pistols, and several hundred for a .22 calibre rifle. In the suspects' car were an additional 1,400 rounds for the rifles and 200 for the handguns.
Two semiautomatic AR-15-style rifles—one a DPMS A-15, the other a Smith & Wesson M&P15, both with .223 calibre ammunition. Two 9mm semiautomatic handguns. High capacity magazines.
OtherMale & Female and and and
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Planned Parenthood clinic
Colorado Springs, Colorado
Robert Lewis Dear, 57, shot and killed a police officer and two citizens when he opened fire at a Planned Parenthood health clinic in Colorado Springs, Colorado. Nine others were wounded. Dear was arrested after an hours-long standoff with police.
The judge in the case has not publicly released Dear's medical and mental health records. As of April 5, 2016, Dear was undergoing a competency evaluation. Dear had a history of disputes with his relatives and neighbors. At a hearing in December 2015, he said, "I am a warrior for the babies."
UnknownUnclearsemiautomatic rifle-WhiteM and and and and and;;
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Colorado Springs shooting rampage
Colorado Springs, Colorado
Noah Harpham, 33, shot three people before dead in Colorado Springs before police killed him in a shootout.
Prior to the rampage, Harpham wrote an "incoherent" blog and rambled "nonsensically" in a YouTube video about mind control techniques and God, according to the Denver Post. He had a history of drug and alcohol abuse.
Two handguns and a rifle
AR-15 rifle, a 9 mm pistol, and a .357 revolver
White M and and
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Umpqua Community College shootingRoseburg, Oregon10/1/2015
26-year-old Chris Harper Mercer opened fire at Umpqua Community College in southwest Oregon. The gunman shot himself to death after being wounded in a shootout with police.
Harper-Mercer's mother said in multiple online postings that he had Asperger's syndrome. Harper-Mercer graduated from the Switzer Learning Center, a school for students with special needs, emotional difficulties, autism and Asperger's syndrome.
From the home he shared with his mother. All were legally obtained by either Harper/Mercer or family members.
Five pistols, one rifle, five magazines of ammunition
9 mm Glock pistol, .40 caliber Smith & Wesson, .40 caliber Taurus pistol, .556 caliber Del-Ton; (ammo details unclear)
Chattanooga military recruitment center
Chattanooga, Tennessee
Kuwaiti-born Mohammod Youssuf Abdulazeez, 24, a naturalized US citizen, opened fire at a Naval reserve center, and then drove to a military recruitment office where he shot and killed four Marines and a Navy service member, and wounded a police officer and another military service member. He was then fatally shot in an exchange of gunfire with law enforcement officers responding to the attack.
Abdulazeez "had suffered for years from depression and possibly from bipolar disorder," according to a representative of the family. (NYT, July 20 2015)
Yes ("some of the weapons were purchased legally and some of them may not have been")
On the internet, via
2 assault rifles; semiautomatic handgun
AK-47, AR-15, and 30-round magazines; 9mm handgun
Charleston Church Shooting
Charleston, South Carolina
Dylann Storm Roof, 21, shot and killed 9 people after opening fire at the Emanuel AME Church in Charleston, South Carolina. According to a roommate, he had allegedly been “planning something like that for six months."
Shooter's Choice gun store in West Columbia, South Carolina
.45-caliber Glock (model 41, with 13-round capacity magazine)
Trestle Trail bridge shootingMenasha, Wisconsin6/11/2015
Sergio Valencia del Toro, 27, in what officials say was a random act, shot and killed three people including an 11-year-old girl before turning the gun on himself.
While serving in the Air Force, he went to an emergency walk-in clinic because of concerns over his mood swings, and had either sought or been ordered to behavioral health interventions, according to Fox 6 Now. In a 2014 risk assessment with a psychologist at an outpatient clinic in Appleton, Valencia del Toro recalled thinking previously: "If I'm gonna take myself out, I might as well take other people with me." The police report obtained by Fox 6 says that Valencia del Toro had a history of depression, suicidal and occassionally homicidal thoughts, and alcoholism. He was intoxicated on the day of the shooting.
YesUnclearTwo handguns
Details unclear, but after the shooting, police found eight guns in total in Valencia del Toro's home, including handguns, shotguns, and rifles, plus and more than 1,000 rounds of ammunition. He took two weapons and ammunition to the bridge.
LatinoM and and
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Marysville-Pilchuck High School shooting
Marysville, Washington10/24/2014
Jaylen Fryberg, 15, using a .40-caliber Berretta, shot five
students at Marysville High School, including two of his cousins and three friends, killing all but one. Fryberg arranged to meet them for lunch in the school cafeteria by text. Fryberg was reportedly well-liked at the school and there was not believed to be any ill-will between him and his victims. He committed suicide at the scene.
Fryberg was well-liked and allegedly happy, but was also upset about a girl and had posted emotional social media messages. No definitive signs of mental health problems.
Gun was his father's.
Beretta .40-caliber handgun
Native AmericanMale
Isla Vista mass murder
Santa Barbara, California
Elliot Rodger, 22, shot three people to death in the college town of Isla Vista near the University of California, Santa Barbara. He also shot others as he drove around town, and injured others by striking them with is vehicle. He committed suicide by shooting himself in his car as police closed in. Prior to the rampage, Rodger stabbed three people to death at his apartment.
Rodger was never hospitalized due to mental illness, but had a long history of mental health issues dating back to his childhood, and received treatment from multiple counselors leading up to his rampage. According to The Independent, Rodger had considered suicide but had no history of violence. Just before his rampage, he sent a 137-page manifesto to multiple people.
Three semi-automatic handguns and two hunting knives
Two Sig Sauer P226 semiautomatic pistols and Glock 34 pistol, and hundreds of rounds of ammo. A 6- inchand 8-inch “SRK” and “Boar Hunter” hunting knives.
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Fort Hood shooting 2Fort Hood, Texas4/3/2014
Army Specialist Ivan Lopez, 34, opened fire at the Fort Hood Army Post in Texas, killing three and wounding at least 12 others before shooting himself in the head after engaging with military police. Lt. Gen. Mark A. Milley told reporters that Lopez "had behavioral health and mental health" issues.
Lopez "had a long history of troubling behavior," according to the Washington Post, including a history of decieving others, problems in his personal life, and financial difficulties. However, officials found that Lopez exhibited no signals that he could be violent. In the year leading up to the attack, he sought treatment for medical and behavioral health ailments.

Local gun store in Killeen, Guns Galore
.45-caliber Smith & Wesson handgun
LatinoM and and
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Alturas tribal shootingAlturas, California2/20/2014
Cherie Lash Rhoades, 44, opened fire at the Cedarville Rancheria Tribal Office and Community Center, killing four and wounding two. After running out of ammunition, Rhoades grabbed a butcher knife and stabbed another person.
Two handguns and a butcher knife
9mm semi-automatic handgun
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Washington Navy Yard shootingWashington, D.C.9/16/2013
Aaron Alexis, 34, a military veteran and contractor from Texas, opened fire in the Navy installation, killing 12 people and wounding 8 before being shot dead by police.
Had told Rhode Island police the prior month that he'd "heard voices"; had been undergoing mental health treatment with Veterans Affairs since August 2013.
Sharpshooters Small Arms Range
Sawed-off shotgun, 2 boxes of shells; also a .45-caliber handgun taken from a security guard he shot at the scene.
Remington 870 Express 12-gauge shotgun; Beretta handgun
Hialeah apartment shootingHialeah, Florida7/26/2013
Pedro Vargas, 42, set fire to his apartment, killed six people in the complex, and held another two hostages at gunpoint before a SWAT team stormed the building and fatally shot him.
His mother told authorities her son had been acting strangely and needed a psychiatric evaluation.
Florida Gun Center
9mm semi-automatic handgun
Glock 17LatinoMale
Santa Monica rampageSanta Monica, California6/7/2013
John Zawahri, 23, armed with a homemade assault rifle and high-capacity magazines, killed his brother and father at home and then headed to Santa Monica College, where he was eventually killed by police.
He was known as a solitary teen who regularly ditched class and had an interest in assault weapons; he had been admitted to UCLA's psychiatric ward for a brief period.
Assembled a rifle out of component parts.
Assault rifle, high capacity magazines, antique handgun
.223-caliber semi-automatic assault rifle, about 40 high capacity magazines, "black powder" handgun (likely antique)
Pinewood Village Apartment shooting
Federal Way, Washington
Dennis Clark III, 27, shot and killed his girlfriend in their shared apartment, and then shot two witnesses in the building's parking lot and a third victim in another apartment, before being killed by police.
Semiautomatic handgun, shotgun
.40 caliber semi-automatic handgun, pistol grip shotgun
Mohawk Valley shootings
Herkimer County, New York
Kurt Myers, 64, shot six people in neighboring towns, killing two in a barbershop and two at a car care business, before being killed by officers in a shootout after a nearly 19-hour standoff.
Frank's Guns in Marcy, NY
Sandy Hook Elementary massacreNewtown, Connecticut12/14/2012
Adam Lanza, 20, shot his mother dead at their home then drove to Sandy Hook Elementary school. He forced his way inside and opened fire, killing 20 children and six adults before committing suicide.
Lanza had a history of serious mental health problems that were known to his family and others, as detailed in a post-massacre investigation by Connecticut authorities.
Stolen from mother
Two semiautomatic handguns, one rifle (assault), one shotgun (assault)
10mm Glock, 9mm SIG Sauer P226 semiautomatic handguns; .223 Bushmaster XM15-E2S semiautomatic rifle; Izhmash Saiga-12 12-gauge semiautomatic shotgun
Accent Signage Systems shootingMinneapolis, Minnesota9/27/2012
Andrew Engeldinger, 36, upon learning he was being fired, went on a shooting rampage, killing the business owner, three fellow employees, and a UPS driver. He then killed himself.
His family worried about his "paranoia and delusions" for at least two years prior, and tried to get him to seek treatment.
One semiautomatic handgun
9mm Glock semiautomatic handgun
Sikh temple shootingOak Creek, Wisconsin8/5/2012
U.S. Army veteran Wade Michael Page, 40, opened fire in a Sikh gurdwara before he died from a self-inflicted gunshot would during a shootout with police.
His Army friends once broke into his apartment, fearing he'd commit suicide in the '90s. A psychiatric nurse who lived downstairs from Page said it was "obvious" he had a mental illness.
One semiautomatic handgun
9mm Springfield Armory XDM semiautomatic handgun
Aurora theater shootingAurora, Colorado7/20/2012
James Holmes, 24, opened fire in a movie theater during the opening night of "The Dark Night Rises" and was later arrested outside.
He saw at least three mental health professionals before dropping out of his university.
Gander Mountain stores in Thornton and Aurora, Colo.; Bass Pro Shop in Denver, Colo.;
Two semiautomatic handguns, one rifle (assault), one shotgun
Two .40-caliber Glock semiautomatic handguns; .223-caliber Smith & Wesson M&P15 semiautomatic rifle; 12-gauge Remington 870 pump-action shotgun
Seattle cafe shootingSeattle, Washington5/20/2012
Ian Stawicki, 40, gunned down four patrons at a cafe, and another person during a carjacking nearby, then shot himself as police closed in. (He died later that day in a Seattle hospital.)
His family said he was mentally ill
Bull's Eye Shooter Supply in Tacoma, Wash.
Two semiautomatic handguns
Two .45-caliber semiautomatic handguns
Oikos University killingsOakland, California4/2/2012
One L. Goh, 43, a former student, opened fire in a nursing classroom. He fled the scene by car and was arrested nearby a few hours later.
A former instructor at Oikos described him as "mentally unstable" and "paranoid."
Bullseye in Castro Valley, Calif.
One semiautomatic handgun
.45-caliber semiautomatic handgun
Su Jung Health Sauna shootingNorcross, Georgia2/21/2012
Jeong Soo Paek, 59, returned to a Korean spa from which he'd been kicked out after an altercation. He gunned down two of his sisters and their husbands before committing suicide.
His sister worried about his homicidal tendencies; she said his mental health had been deteriorating and that he had threatened to commit suicide with his gun.
One semiautomatic handgun
.45-caliber semiautomatic handgun
Seal Beach shootingSeal Beach, California10/12/2011
Scott Evans Dekraai, 42, opened fire inside a hair salon and was later arrested. Victims killed in the attack included his ex-wife, who Dekraai had a history of violently abusing, according to court records. The two had also been involved in a bitter custody battle.
He suffered from bipolar disorder, mood swings, and PTSD. After an assault on his elderly stepfather, he was sentenced in 2008 to a year of anger management therapy.
Two semiautomatic handguns, one revolver
.45-caliber Heckler & Koch, 9mm Springfield semiautomatic handguns; .44 Magnum Smith & Wesson revolver
IHOP shootingCarson City, Nevada9/6/2011
Eduardo Sencion, 32, opened fire at an International House of Pancakes restaurant and later died from a self-inflicted gunshot wound.
He was diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia as a teenager and feared demons were out to get him.
Purchased from an individual
Two rifles (both assault), one revolver
AK-47 Norinco Arms variant, AK-47 Romarm Cugir variant rifles; .38-caliber Colt revolver
Tucson shootingTucson, Arizona1/8/2011
Jared Loughner, 22, opened fire outside a Safeway during a constituent meeting with Congresswoman Gabrielle Giffords (D-Ariz.) before he was subdued by bystanders and arrested.
His symptoms pointed to various possible mental illness diagnoses, such as schizophrenia and delusional disorder. He also experimented with pot and hallucinogens.
Sportsmen's Warehouse in Tucson, Ariz.
One semiautomatic handgun
9mm Glock 19 semiautomatic handgun
Hartford Beer Distributor shooting
Manchester, Connecticut
Omar S. Thornton, 34, shot up his Hartford Beer Distributor workplace after facing disciplinary issues, then committed suicide.
He apparently was driven over the edge by unaddressed, ongoing racism against him at work
Gun dealer in East Windsor, Conn.
Two semiautomatic handguns
Two 9mm Ruger SR9 semiautomatic handguns
Coffee shop police killingsParkland, Washington11/29/2009
Maurice Clemmons, 37, a felon who was out on bail for child-rape charges, entered a coffee shop on a Sunday morning and shot four police officers who had gone there to use their laptops before their shifts. Clemmons, who was wounded fleeing the scene, was later shot dead by a police officer in Seattle after a two-day manhunt.
He had a history of erratic, bizarre behavior. He once asked his family to get naked for 5 minutes on Sunday; he said he thought the world would end and that he was Jesus.
Stolen from an individual in Seattle.
One semiautomatic handgun
9mm Glock 17 semiautomatic handgun; .38-caliber Smith & Wesson revolver
Fort Hood massacreFort Hood, Texas11/5/2009
Army psychiatrist Nidal Malik Hasan, 39, opened fire on an Army base in an attack linked to Islamist extremism. Hasan was injured during the attack and later arrested.
Medical officials at Walter Reed Army Medical Center and the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences raised concerns prior to the shooting regarding Hasan's aloof and erratic behavior and extremist Islamic views.
Guns Galore in Kileen, Texas
One semiautomatic handgun
FN Five-seven semiautomatic handgun
Binghamton shootingsBinghamton, New York4/3/2009
Jiverly Wong, 41, opened fire at an American Civic Association center for immigrants before committing suicide.
He apparently harbored growing paranoia toward cops. He also sent a delusional letter to a local TV station right before the shooting.
Gander Mountain in Johnson City, N.Y.
Two semiautomatic handguns
9mm Beretta, .45-caliber Springfield semiautomatic handguns