Merristem plants
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Common NameLatin NameTypeEdibilityEaseHarvestUses (please add more)Habit/FormNotesSourcePropagation MethodJFMAMJJASOND<< Months to propagate
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AchiraCanna edulis/indica ??Root355Cook well, possibly twice as long as potatoes.tall perennialCormsTake rhizomes with growing tips or small leaf, and roots.ddddddd
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Chinese artichokeStachis sieboldiiRoot533Eat raw, pickled or cook like potatoes.Tuber/Divisions/CuttingsPlant tubers or divide as per mintdddddddddddd
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ChufaCyperus esculentusRoot552Eat raw like water chestnuts or roasted. Blend to make a milky drink like horshata.TubersPlant small tubersddddd
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GroundnutApios americanaRoot553Cook as potatoes. Tastes a lot like peanuts!TubersHarvest biannually when dormantdddd
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HorseradishArmoracia rusticanaRoot454Use as hot condiment.vigorous running perennialRoot Division5cm or larger root pieces are best but smaller will work.ddddddd
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SunchokeHelianthus tuberosusRoot255Eat raw or cookedtall perennialTubersStores best in ground, all tubers reshoot in spring.ddd
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TaroColocasia esculentaRoot535Peel and cook as potato, or make into runny mashed "poi"medium perennialDivisionBreak off smaller corms.ddd
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YaconPolymnia sonchifoliaRoot454Eat raw as a sweet snack, or cooked.tall perennialDivisionTake stem tuber divisions, not edible root tubers! they wont grow.dddd
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Chinese YamDioscorea oppositaRoot533As potato.Bulbil/TuberVery slow growing from bulbilsdd
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OcaOxalis tuberosumRoot535As potato.Grow well in wet yearsTubersPretty feeble, not sure its worth it...ddd
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Sweet potato (leaf)Ipomoea batatasLeaf345Cooked leaf and stem used as spinach.twining climberTubersPlant tubers in sand bed, transplant individual shoots.ddd
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YamDioscorea ?Root533As potato.twining climberBulbil/TuberPlant whole tubers or divide eyes (risky)dd
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Cape gooseberryPhysalis peruvianaBerry353Eat fruit fresh or cooked.small perennialSeed/Cuttingssss
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AsparagusAsparagus officinalisShoot555Once establish (2nd/3rd year) Pick spears and eat raw or cooked. Leave some to grow!.medium perennialDivision/SeedPlant crowns bare rooted. Seeds need a year in greenhouse before planting.dd
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CardoonCynara cardunculusStem455winter time- side pick stems and cook. beautiful crunchy artichoke flavor. Plant in south/ winter shade so plant blanches itself and you can avoid the hassle of covering it up for a month before harvest. Otherwise unpalatable.medium/tall perennialDivision/SeedGrow easily from seed, move to tubes after 2-3 weekssssssssss
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ChivesAllium schoenoprasumHerb555Use as herb and garnish.low perennialDivision/Seeddivide clumps and cut back topssdsdsdsdsdsdsdsd
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ChokoSechium eduleVegetable445Use as a cooked vegetable and filler.twining climberWhole FruitPropagate the whole fruit (one seed is inside and cant be removed) half buried on side and kept shaded. Try fully buried too.sssss
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DandelionTaraxacum officinaleSalad Leaf454Use as a bitter lettuce in salads.low perennialSeedeasily from seed, self seeds readilysssssssss
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Devil plant/eggplantSolanum crinitumVegetable515Eggplants! yum.medium/large shrubSeed/Cutting15-20cm cuttings do wellccccccgcgcgcg
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Fools CressApium nodiflorumSalad Leaf353Use raw as salad green. Great orchard cover; grows vigorously then partially dies back in summer heat/ droughtsmall perennialDivisiongrows from any rooted runners, cut back leavesdddddddddddd
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Garlic ChivesAllium tuberosumVegetable555Use as herb or in larger quantities like spring onions.low perennialDivision/Seeddivide clumps and cut back topssdsdsdsdsdsdsdsdsdsdsdsd
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Globe ArtichokesCynara cardunculusVegetable555Eat whole flowerheads when young, or petal bases and heart when fully formed.medium/tall perennialDivision/SeedGrow easily from seed, move to tubes after 2-3 weeksssssssssssss
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Kale, perrennialBrasica oleracea AcephalaCooked Leaf555Cook as silverbeet.medium perennialSeed/CuttingAs any brassica. Good perennial plants can be propagated from leaf cuttings, shooting from basessssssssssss
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Nettle Urtica dioicaCooked Leaf352Cornucopiadddddddd
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PepinoSolanum muricatumVegetable434Eat green like raw capsicum or ripe like melons.sprawling groundcoverLayer/CuttingLayers easily. Cuttings 10cm stem taken leaving 4 or 5 leaves.cdcdcdcdcdcdcd
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Perrenial leekAllium ampeloprasum var. porrumVegetable555Use just like other leeks.small perennialDivisiondivide clumps and cut back topsdddddddddddd
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Prickly PearOpunitia ficus-indicaStem453Remove spines from pads and slice. Fry or grill trying to remove some mucalage.very large open shrubTakes a few years to yeild a lot.CuttingsPlant whole pads. Will burn in full sun until established, so shade requiredcccccccc
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SorrelRumex acetosaCooked Leaef345Use for soups and other dishes to add tang. Don't eat raw too often.small perennialDivision/Seedslow growing can hold in tubes for a long timesdsdsdsdsdsd
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Stem taroStem545Chop whole stem and leaf for stir fry or soup.medium perennialAmazing veg.Corms. CUt plant to induce side shoots and divide when warm.ddddddd
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Welsh Bunching OnionsAllium fistulosum Vegetable545Use as spring onions.small perennialDivision/SeedSow seeds or divide clumps, cutting back tops.ssssssss
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Perpetual SpinachBeta vulgarisVegetable555Cook as silverbeet.small perennialSeedAs any silverbeetssssssss
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Egyptian OnionsAllium proliferumVegetable545Use as normal onions.small perennialSetPropagate from topsets or bulb.
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ToonToona sinensisLeaf444Eat young leaves cooked. Taste la bit ike onions.medium deciduous tree with suckerspretty low yield...Suckercold stratiy seed three months. cuttings difficult.ssdddd
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Potato OnionsAllium cepaVegetable555Use as normal onions.small perennialBulbbreak onion bulbs apart and store or replantddddd
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Wild RocketDiplotaxis eruicoidesLeaf554sprawling perrenialSeedSow as any brassica. Very easy to grow.ssssssssssss
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ChicoryChicorium intybusVegetableUse as a bitter lettuce in salads or cooked. roots roasted for coffeesmall perennialSeedsss
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Duck PotatoSagittaria latifoliaWater44Cook as potatoes.Cormdddddddddddd
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Water ChestnutEleocharis dulcisWater54Eat corms raw or cooked.low subsurface cormCormddd
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Dragon Fruit RedHylocereus undatus VineEat fruit fresh.clinging cactusCuttingStem cuttings take very easilycccccc
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Dragon Fruit YellowSelenicereus megalanthusVineEat fruit fresh.clinging cactusCuttingStem cuttings take very easilycccccc
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Fruit salad plantMonstera deliciosaVineWait until fully ripe and scales start falling off.clinging climber/groundcoverCuttingLay large chunk with at least 2 buds horizontal pressed into soil surfaceccccccc
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Ballhead onionAllium senescensVegetable545As onion.small perennialVigorous bulbous perennial to 60 cm (2 ft) high with purplish-pink flowers in summer. Edible bulbs, leaves, young shoots. Likes sun and a well-drained site; hardy to -20°CAgroforestry Research Trust UKSpring. no stratification.
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JicamaPachirizus erosusRootCornucopia
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Malabar spinachBasella albaVegetable424Use raw or cooked as english spinach.twining climberToo cold in melbourneSeedUp in 2-3 weeks. Needs warm conditions.ss
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MurnongMicroseris scapigeraRootlow perennialPlants
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QuamashCamassia quamashRootNorth American bulbous perennial growing to 80 cm (32”) high. The bulbs are edible, usually cooked, with a chestnut flavour. Likes a sunny or part shady site which is moist and well drained; hardy to -20°C.Agroforestry Research Trust UKno stratification, spring
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Marsh MallowAlthea officinalisVegetableTradewinds Fruit
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Turkish RocketLeaf51Difficult to get growing...
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MitsubaCryptotaenia japonicaVegetableUse as parsley or celery.small perennialSeed
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Musk mallowMalva moschataVegetableAgroforestry Research Trust UKStratification: CS4
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Mouse MelonMelothria scabraVegetablesmall twining climberSeedSeeds. Plant early spring as is slow to get started.sss
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MoringaMoringa oleiferaVegetableHerbalistics
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Brazilian spinachAlternanthera sissooVegetableUse as english spinachToo cold in melbourneCuttingSpring cuttings take easilycccccc
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Blood dockRumex sangineus Leaf3Perennial from Europe and Asia, growing to .1 m (3 ft) high, with red-veined leaves. The young leaves make a good cooked vegetable and can be added raw to salads. The roots are used medicinally. A good mineral accumulator. Any soil in sun or part shade; hardy to -20°C. May self-seed.Agroforestry Research Trust UKno stratification, spring
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Broccoli, PerrenialBrasica oleraceaVegetableUse as brocolli or cauliflower.Flowers in spring. grows huge if you plant in spring as it takes a year to flower.SeedAs any brassicasss
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Society GarlicTulbaghia violaceaLeaf2worth it? not much taste or usefullnessDivision
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Sea kaleLeaf3small perennial
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Cranberry hibiscusAcetosellsVegetableSeed/Cutting
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