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DOIISSNTitleAuthor(s)OrganisationCountryRegionSource WebpageAbstractYear published
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(xxxx.x)(xxxx)DOIISSNArticle Title or xName(s) or xName(s)
NameNameAddress100-500 words
1001.11001xxBefesa, a new home for Waste Foundry SandNISPNISP West links with the Cast Metal Federation, numerous local foundries contacted NISP West Midlands for assistance in identifying alternative and sustainable ways to reuse spent foundry sand, a waste product of their process. Befesa Salt Slags operate a purpose built facility to treat waste streams produced by the primary, secondary and associated aluminium and iron industry sectors. Over the last few years as the capacity of the plant increased the decision was made to look at other waste streams that were being generated within the foundry industries on the basis of offering an alternative to landfill.2010
1002.11002xxA Solution For Treated TimberNISPNISP Yorkshire & HumberEnglandKingston upon treatment of timber was developed in the 1950s as a
very effective preservative for timbers where an exceptionally high resistance to insect and fungal attack was required, for example telegraph poles, motorway fencing, timber decking and cooling towers. At end of life, generally after at least 40 years in service, this material was historically landfilled. Following recent changes in the regulations it is now classified as hazardous waste, because of its high levels of residual arsenic and chromium, but cannot be disposed of in hazardous landfill because of its high carbon content. Hamon UK are one of the country’s leading dismantlers and refurbishers
of cooling towers, and following the introduction of these changes to the regulations approached NISP for assistance.
1003.11003xxAshes To AggregatesNISPNISP Yorkshire & HumberEnglandYorkshire & Bottom Ash (IBA) from municipal waste-to-energy facilities is recoverable as secondary aggregate, and this occurs routinely throughout Europe and Scandinavia. Incinerator Bottom Ash Aggregate (IBAA) derived from the cleaned clinker material has many applications in road construction, civil engineering and the building industry. In the UK, reprocessing of IBA is less common, and many incinerators find themselves without options and so the material is disposed of in landfill. One such incinerator in the Yorkshire & Humber region approached NISP to see if an outlet for their ash could be found.2010
1004.11004xxBeneficial use of secondary aggregatesNISPNISP North EastEngland
North East England + Southern England specialises in the provision of planning, design and management services for infrastructure development worldwide, with interests in transportation, water, maritime and property. Halcrow approached NISP at a networking event to assist in sourcing secondary aggregates. NISP member, Ballast Phoenix Limited is the UK’s leading recycler of Incinerator Bottom Ash (IBA) producing a sustainable recycled aggregate, Incinerator Bottom Ash Aggregate (IBAA). They operate an aggregate recovery processing plant at Billingham, Teesside which takes in bottom ash from both SITA’s Haverton Hill and Kirklees Waste from Energy facilities.2010
1005.11005xxGuided Busway never tyres of being greenNISPNISP East of County Council contracted BAM Nuttall to design and build the Cambridgeshire Guided Busway scheme, which oncecomplete is set to be the world’s longest busway covering a distanceof more than 25km. To provide the guideway with good drainage a suitable material had to be selected to fill the 40,000 cubic metres of space between the tracks. To meet the project’s original requirements more than 60,000 tonnes of virgin aggregate would have been required. Avariety of recycled materials that complied with highwaysregulations, including crushed glass, gravel, crushed concrete androck, were all explored by BAM Nuttall, before they contacted NISPand selected to use shredded tyres for the project.2010
1006.11006xxA New Industry In The LimeliteNISPNISP Yorkshire & a new industry based on innovation is something JCI Ltd knows well – John Carson has developed a suite of systems for thegeneration of innovation in businesses, used globally by major corporations. North Lincolnshire Council engaged JCI Ltd in 2005 tolead a project which ultimately resulted in the identification of 20 newbusinesses which had a particular relevance to the economy orenvironment of North Lincolnshire. With early input from NISP Yorkshire and Humber, it became clear that Category 3 food / animal wastes, lime dusts and other nutrients and binder materials were prevalent and problematic in Northern Lincolnshire and thus JCI Ltd set about developing a new industry which used such materials as feedstock.2010
1007.11007xxWhisky WoodNISP
NISP Scotland are a global company and well known manufacturers of famous alcoholic drinks across the world. They have been a member and contact of NISP for a number of years. They receive the aromatics for their Gin in hessian sacks which were going to landfill after being emptied. Diageo were keen to find a greener and cheaper landfill alternative. Maltwood are a young company based in Fife who use the staves from old whisky barrels to make their “Dram fine firewood”. Maltwood were buying in hessian sacks to package the firewood they were selling. They have been NISP members since July 2008 when a mutual contact brought the organisations together.2010
1008.11008xxRecycling Railway Ballast WorksNISPNISP Yorkshire & HumberEnglandYorkshire & Rail runs, maintains and develops Britain’s track infrastructure as well as associated tunnels, bridges, level crossings,etc. Network Rail is committed to “reusing and recycling itemswhenever possible” and specifies that its contractors likewise seek the same aims. As one of Network Rail’s key contractors, Works Infrastructure is keen to find productive alternatives to landfill and is working with NISP Yorkshire and Humber on a variety of projects. The replacement of railway ballast is a regular task in order to maintain the displacement of the mass of the train and the surface profile of the track. Unfortunately, accumulated deposits of oil, diesel spills etc mean that recovered ballast is largely deemed to be hazardous waste.2010
1009.11009xxEggs-cellent SynergyNISPNISP Northern IrelandNorthen Egg products Ltd found that with an increased market share came associated higher quantities of production waste. In this case the major waste streams were egg shells and cardboard egg boxes contaminated with egg residues. Ready Egg had been pursuing the option of rendering and incinerating their egg shells on the UK mainland before engaging with NISP. Another major waste stream being generated was cardboard egg boxes with egg residues which was being generated in large quantities. This material cannot be co-recycled with ‘clean’ cardboard and was being collected intermittently by another local recycler.2010
1010.11010xxArgent Energy – Scotland’s biodiesel plantNISPNISP BirminghamUnited KingdomScotland and rest of participant Argent Energy started production at the UK’s first large scale biodiesel plant, in Motherwell in April 2005. The plant can generate 50 million litres of biodiesel each year, around 3 times the total production of biodiesel in the UK in 2004. The plant uses tallow and used cooking oil to produce this clean, green form of fuel which has significant benefits both for vehicle engines and the environment. When SISP first engaged with Argent Energy over a year ago, we passed on contact details of members producing used cooking oil (UCO). Argent Energy is now collecting UCO from producers around the UK to convert into biodiesel. Oil is received either directly from premises generating large quantities or through the use of oil collection and clearing services. Once the oil has been collected and reprocessed into biodiesel, it can be used either as a pure blend or mixed with fossil derived diesel. The majority of the biodiesel produced by Argent Energy will be used as a fuel mix of 5% biodiesel and 95% mineral fuel, such that it can be used in any diesel engine without modification2010
1011.11011xxBrownfield Biomass – Renewable Energy and Sustainable RemediationNISPNISP North East teamEnglandNorth East England is short for "Biomass, Remediation reGeneration: Re-using brownfield sites for renewable energy crops". It is a 4-5 year project funded by the Life III Environment Programme to investigate whether brownfield sites can be used to grow plants for fuel (energy crops). So called "brownfield" sites are those which are previously developed for non-agricultural land. If the previous use was industrial this often means that the soil is contaminated. Very often such sites lie vacant in a derelict state awaiting redevelopment. The project will hopefully produce land which can be of some use. Energy from burning crops specifically grown for fuel is "renewable", unlike that from burning finite resources of fossil fuels. When the "biomass" is burnt it releases carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. If the crops are grown again then the same amount of carbon dioxide is removed from the atmosphere. As a consequence biofuels are "carbon neutral", since they have no overall effect on the levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Rising levels of this "greenhouse gas" are linked to "global warming".2010
1012.11012xxA ‘new breed’ of construction materials
recycling business
NISPNISP BirminghamEnglandCentral companies have traditionally recovered substantial quantities of materials from sites, but few to date have invested methodically in advanced methods to produce a range of processed secondary-use recycled products. McGrath Group, based in east London, is an exception. At the heart of McGrath’s recycled products offering is a range of grades of recycled aggregates from crushed concrete, brick and other materials. The company’s web site ( has useful illustrations of each product stream and guidance on conformance and appropriate uses.2010
1013.11013xxA right mix of benefits for housing
development project
NISPNISP BirminghamEnglandCentral Environmental were commissioned by St James homes to modify 30,000 tonnes of inert and non hazardous clay based material through their Keanemixer to create Trenchmod® which is being utilised as subbase for the overall site infrastructure works. By using Trenchmod, massive cost savings have been realised as well as the diversion of thousands of tonnes of waste from landfill. NISP London’s promotion of the Keanes technology has boosted both the company’s profile and led to a number of new business opportunities.2010
1014.11014xxAD Solution for Dairy WasteNISPNISP East MidlandsEnglandEast East Midlands assisted Arla Foods by fostering the concept of using anaerobic digestion (AD) with combined heat and power generation (CHP) as a cost effective, sustainable approach to treating milk by-products regulated under the Animal By-Products (ABP) Regulations. As a result, Arla Foods are now sending approximately 1,000 tonnes per annum of milk by-products to Biogen (UK) Ltd and approximately 240 tonnes per annum to an East Midlands based AD plant.2010
1015.11015xxRacing Ahead with New Use for Foundry
NISPNISP West MidlandsEnglandWest assistance from NISP West Midlands, AWM Group Limited, have been able to identify, and then introduce foundry sand into a new application as a surface material to be used in the horse racing sector.2010
1016.11016xxNew Ingredients for Fish FeedNISPNISP ScotlandScotlandScotland and rest of Ltd are using yeast extract from Kerry Bioscience in the production of their salmon feed. The yeast extract is produced at Kerry Biosciences plant in Menstrie while they are changing batches on their production line. The product therefore does not meet specification for their clients and is treated as a waste. EWOS Ltd can use this product in their as an additive to their feed.2010
1017.11017xxPig Wax – The Alternative FuelNISPNISP BirminghamEnglandNorth East England Teesside Plant processes crude oil delivered by pipeline from the Norway and UK sectors of the North Sea to produce stabilised crude oil and refrigerated natural gas liquids (NGLs). As part of this process the incoming pipeline to the plant has to be cleaned regularly. This is carried out using a PIG (see diagram), which removes the pipe residue. This residue was manually scraped off the PIG, placed in bin bags and sent to landfill.2010
1018.11018xxInnovative use of Princes Channel (Thames)
dredgings at the Rochester Riverside Development,
NISPNISP BirminghamEnglandCentral Rochester Riverside regeneration programme in North Kent, a significant part of the Medway Waterfront proposals, is a major development in the Thames Gateway. Rochester Riverside lies on the northeastern boundary of Rochester. It has a 2.5 kilometre long frontage to the river and is enclosed on its western and southern boundaries by the London-Dover railway line.2010
1019.11019xxRe-use of Scallop Shells in Forestry Road
NISPNISP BirminghamEnglandWest shellfish industry of Dumfries and Galloway generates in excess of 1,800 tonnes of scallop shells each year. The decorative quality of the larger shells means that some can be re-used in giftware, but the vast majority of shells have historically been an under-used resource. The involvement of SISP, together with SEPA and Scottish Enterprise Dumfries and Galloway, cemented the ongoing partnership between West Coast Sea Products and the Forestry Commission, securing the practice of crushing down clean scallop shells for use in the forests of South-West Scotland. The crushed scallop shells are incorporated into the sub-base aggregates used by the Forestry Commission for forestry road construction, and they have also proved to be an excellent top dressing on forest roads, not least because of the reduced tyre punctures noted in Forestry Commission vehicles!2010
1020.11020xxA fruitful collaborationNISPNISP BirminghamEnglandNorth East North East is working with members Terra Nitrogen (UK) Limited and
John Baarda Ltd in a fruitful collaboration which sees a record breaking 38
acre greenhouse in Billingham growing tomatoes all year round, creating 65 new jobs
and diverting 12,000 tonnes of Carbon dioxide emissions.
1021xxRemoving the OIL from sOILNISP
NISP West Midlands
EnglandWest MidlandsTreatchem Ltd has recently concluded beta trials that have demonstrated
a patented technology capable of treating ‘oily’ sludge. The process produces a
residue with dry solids content in excess of 70% and an oil content of less
than 3%, making the waste acceptable for disposal under the requirements of
Waste Acceptance Criteria (WAC). The trials were conducted at two UK
refineries. In addition, the process has been operating commercially for over a
year at a waste treatment site.
1022.11022xxWaste acid and alkali that reborn as copper
EIP Excellence Case BookMOTIE, KICOXSouth
Waste acid and alkali are the designated waste and most of them are occur at Banwol/Shihwa national industrial complex. The amount is about 143,000 tons a year. Most of them are treated with contract paying extra costs. 6 companies including Daeduck GDS and Hwabaek Engineering developed a method to recycle the waste acid that is produced during etching process of PCB electrically with the research institution of Hanyang University. It is proved that it greatly reduced the treatment cost and confirmed the possibility of recovery of copper. The degree of purity was 96% and it showed that about 800 ton/year could be recovered.2010
1023xxProduce the heat using waste waterEIP Excellence Case BookMOTIE, KICOXSouth
Dye waste water contains lots of dye that are not decolorized even though the organic concentration is low. Treating the pollutant causes high temperature heat and the purpose of this project is to collect the waste heat. In detail, they installed 5 heat exchangers (21.38Gcal/h and 3 1.20Gcal/h) and 1 heat pump and performed the heat supplying pipe work between Shihwa Dye Cooperative and KG Energy. Also they installed power distribution system, machinery room, automatic control program, and heat supply contorl facility like PLC panel.2010
xxChanging the waste gas comes from the ironing process to recycled oilEIP Excellence Case BookMOTIE, KICOXSouth
Banwol/Shihwa National Industrial Complex has 93 dye companies. During the 186 ironing processes of these companies generate hot wind of over 180 C and waste gas that contains oil removing the oil from white lead occuring in the ironing process. It could save about 700 million won of waste treatment cost a year and has promising future creating new profits with the recycled oil sales. 2010
xxCatch the condensateEIP Excellence Case BookMOTIE, KICOXSouth
The board manufacturing process results very hot temperature steam condensate higher than 175 C. It may cause bad smell and pollution because of the white lead when it is relesased. However, it could greatly save the energy and use of inustrial water by installing the pipe to collect hte steam condensate and a device that exchanges it to the heat.2010
xWaste of the power plant and crematorium is precious resource of paper
EIP Excellence Case BookMOTIE, KICOXSouth
Power Pack, Daeyang Cardboard, and 5 other companies used fly ash made at the thermoelectric power plant and waste incineration plant as the raw material for the functional paper box. They invested 500 million won to develop the atuomatic manufacturing device of the raw paper material and to produce manufacturing facility. In detail, Power Pack installed the automatic manufacturing facility raw paper material and binder device of using the fly ash. It reduced the waste treatment cost of fly ash and could produce light, strong raw paper material as well as new jobs.2011
xxNow, make quality building materials with by-products of incineration plantEIP Excellence Case BookMOTIE, KICOXSouth
NI Tech, Yangji Concrete, and STX Energy produced environmentally friendly quality building materials like binders and special blocks using fly ash occuring when burning. THey spent 100 million won for the environmentally friendly materials and construction facilities containing fly ash. They could save cost for the fly ash treatment and generate added value by producing building material. In detail, NI Tech produced environmentally friendly binders and floor blocks and Banwol power plant of STX Energy constructed floor blocks that contain fly ash.2011
xxGreat quality recycled compound without toxicityEIP Excellence Case BookMOTIE, KICOXSouth
Polyone Technology collected scraps of synthetic resins and produced great quality recycled compound without toxicity. The produced compound is used for product materials of wire coverings and black master batches.2012
1029.11029xxCreated profits as well as reduced waste acids and water by recycling waste batteriesEIP Excellence Case BookMOTIE, KICOXSouth
The waste batteries are about 7000 tons a year, but most of them are thrown away. To solve this problem, Gwangjin Chemical manufactured recycled sulfuric acid for waste water treatment using waste acids occuring in the recycling process of waste batteries. They installed Zeolite filtering system and GL Effector (2m3/hr) to produce sulfuric acid and it is used to conrol pH at waste dye water disposal plants.2012
1030.11030xxCost saving and working condition improvement by recyling waste heat
EIP Excellence Case BookMOTIE, KICOXSouth
There are lots of plating companies at Shihwa Industrial Complex and their waste steam reaches to 33,000toe/year. Using the waste heat, Daeil Development produced steam and supplied to 26 companies in the surface treatment complex. By replacing the electrical coil heat source used for heating to the waste burning system, they could save energy cost and improve working conditions.2012
1031.11031xxSupplies to companies in need recycling the waste acidEIP Excellence Case BookMOTIE, KICOXSouth
A few companies in Cheongju Industrial Complex discharge lots of waste acid. Escpecially, they cause waste sulfuric acid because it is used as a detergent in the manufacturing process of electronic and semi-conduct. They used to treat it with contract paying extra money.2009
1032.11032xxAchieved 2.8 billion won/year of profit by heating of the wasteEIP Excellence Case BookMOTIE, KICOXSouth
Han safe built a network for supplying steam to companies in need by recycling waste heat in Cheongju Industrial Complex. At first, they researched the status of waste heat of furnace nad figured out the demand of LG Chemical which wanted the steam. Then, they designed a system to supply the steam between them. Han Safe invested about 2.25 billion won for the design and related facilities. At present, about 72000 ton/year is supplied.2010
1033.11033xxProduced aluminum oxide by recycling sludge which has burnt in allEIP Excellence Case BookMOTIE, KICOXSouth
Cheongju Industrial Complex of Cheongju and Buyong Industrial complex of Cheongwon-gun have artificial marble companies. Scraps and sludges of waste artificial marble are produced in the manufacturing process and they are burnt in all.2011
1034.11034xxProduced powders and silicon carbide using silicon by-productsEIP Excellence Case BookMOTIE, KICOXSouth
Semi-conductor process causes waste scraps and silicon sludges which are silicon by-products. SI Solid Tech produced semi-conductor silicon powders collecting these by-products. In addition, they produced silicon carbide which is the material for semi-conductor jig using own burning technology. They invested about 350 million won to install washer and etc. necessary for recycling.2011
xxExceedingly precious raw material found in silicon waste waterEIP Excellence Case BookMOTIE, KICOXSouth
The process of manufacturing silicons causes waste water. DMCS which is the raw material of silicon oil is contained in this waste water and mostly disposed. Silan Tech performed a project to collect and recycle the raw material of silicon oil instead of the waste treatment. In detail, they developed it as a substitute raw material through the polymerization with waste water. At present, they produce about 360 tons of substitute silicon raw materials.2012
1036.11036xxMade waste heat for the new heat source by compressingEIP Excellence Case BookMOTIE, KICOXSouth
Techwin produces the heat source using cooling waste heat of air compressor after collecting the waste heat occuring in the manufacturing process of compressed air at chemical factories. In detail, they supply the waste heat from LG Chem as the heat source of Medium Temperature Water Production Unit of LG Healthy&Beautiful using a heat pump. It costed about 1 billion won for the new facility.2012
1037.11037xxUsed the remains of iron as cement binder after selecting, seperating, and processing directlyEIP Excellence Case BookMOTIE, KICOXSouth
Molten desulfurization slag occurring in the steel manufacturing process at POSCO is mainly consisted with calcium and iron and most of them are disposed. Donga A&C developed cement mixing materials collecting iron instead of disposing molten desulfurization slag.2010
1038.11038xxChanged the scrap silver to valuable metal after refiningEIP Excellence Case BookMOTIE, KICOXSouth
Manufacturing process of electrical processes of electrical products like displays or mobile phones cause lots of silver sludges and scraps. ASEM recycles silver (Ag) sludges and scraps which are waste by-products occurring in the manufacturing process. In detail, they produce valuable metals using the dry refining technology after removing impurities.2011
1039.11039xxNow, waste calcium hydroxide is used as snow removing materialsEIP Excellence Case BookMOTIE, KICOXSouth
The process of etching silicon wafer creates lots of waste KOH (Potassium hydroxide). Sebit Chem produced raw materials for environmentally friendly snow removing materials by recycling waste KOH. At present, potassium acetate is mainly used for snow removing materials and its use is expanded to airport runaways and roads with the superb snow removing effect as environmentally friendly materials. But it is more expensive than the existing chlorine materials.2011
1040.11040xxChanged waste by-products of electrical furnace to compost raw materialEIP Excellence Case BookMOTIE, KICOXSouth
Companies that manufacture electrical furnaces in steel related industrial complex do the maintenance work every year and it causes about 30,000 ton/year of wastes. 10,000 tons are recycled as fire resistance coating materials, but the rest is just filled up.2011
1041.11041xxCarrier fusion technology that increased waste treatment rate more than 90%EIP Excellence Case BookMOTIE, KICOXSouth
The worling life of catalyst used in a petrochemical factory is from 1 to 10 years according to the catalyst. When the catalyst is used up, it becomes the waste catalyst and about 320ton/year are produced at Yeosu Petrochemical Complex. Among them, about 317 tons which is 99% are exported directly or indirectly and the rate of recycling is less than 1%.2010
1042.11042xxEngineering a new life for Hoo IslandNISPNISP South Island covers an area of 160 acres and lies in the River Medway in Kent. Its owners, Peel Ports, recently began works to transform the area and upgrade their deposition site facilities. The company turned to NISP South East to help source a sustainable supply of aggregate materials to rebuild the infrastructure on the island.2010
1043.11043xxKey Stage For School DinnersNISPNISP Yorkshire & introduction of Animal By Product Regulations in 2003 were an inevitable reaction to the BSE and Foot & Mouth incidents, but the regulations also meant that canteen leftovers could no longer be given to local pig famers as feed. As a result, thousands of tonnes of food waste has gone to landfill since then, rotting down and releasing methane, which is 25 times more potent a greenhouse gas than CO2. Scolarest provide a range of services to nearly 2,500 state schools, colleges and universities, and were keen to explore any solution that helped them capture and divert food waste.2010
1044.11044xxEnergy from pastry wasteNISPNISP West MidlandsEnglandSouth West Ltd, based in Trowbridge, is a leading supplier of frozen food and catering solutions all over Europe. In a drive to improve waste management on site, Apetito contacted the NISP South West team to help them identify an alternative disposal route for pastry waste that was being sent to landfill.2010
1045.11045xxSolution for troublesome packaging componentsNISPNISP South EastEnglandSouth East DADC UK Ltd provides optical media replication services. The company contacted NISP to discuss cost-effective options for recycling thousands of surplus digipak cd cases. They were unable to find a viable recycler as the cases comprise both card and plastic parts, glued together. Sony DADC UK Ltd already have an impressive track record in achieving challenging waste minimisation targets and were keen to find a solution for this stream.2010
1046.11046xxRecycling Oily Waste Is A Piece Of CakeNISPNISP Yorkshire & HumberEnglandYorkshire & grinding “cake” is produced from a South Yorkshire band saw manufacturer. The cake consists of coolant (containing mineral oil),metals and grinding dust. When the blades are manufactured, a highspeed steel blade is fused to a bimetal strip. The teeth are then cutand ground into the high speed steel and the waste is the “grindings”mixed with coolant (cutting oils). The grade and density depends onhow coarse or fine the teeth need to be for certain cuttingapplications.2010
1047.11047xxCrab Shells to Clean Mine WaterThe Blue economy100 innovations by The Blue economyhttp://www.blueeconomy.euThe capital cost required to remediate closed mining operations worldwide is estimated to be in excess of one trillion dollars. The remediation of one single mine in California closed in the 1960s required $200 million in tax payers money just to contain the problems of leaching, groundwater contamination and erosion. While all mining companies that are publicly quoted have made provisions for stabilizing and restoring the environment, the amount of cash needed to redress mine dumps, acidic water contamination, heavy metal pollution has increased ten-fold over the past few years as new standards of mining are imposed. If some mining companies were to provide for the full costs according to the latest standards, then these firms could suffer a major drop in their stock market quotations, some would even have to declare for bankruptcy.2012
1048.11048xxBillingsgate Fish MarketMcGrathMcGrath Case studyEnglandLondon Fish Market is the United Kingdom's largest inland fish market. It takes its name from a ward in the south-east of the City of London, where the riverside market was originally established. In its original location in the 19th century, Billingsgate was the largest fish market in the world. In 1982 it relocated from Billingsgate Wharf in Lower Thames Street to a purpose-built 13-acre building complex close to Canary Wharf in Docklands. McGrath’s zero-to-landfill solution was a key factor in the City of London Corporation's decision to select us to provide the Market with twice weekly collections of compacted general waste on a tip and return arrangement.2012
1049.11049xxRabbits and FuelThe Blue economy100 innovations by The Blue economyNew Zeelandhttp://www.blueeconomy.euThe world’s biofuels market was valued at $82.7 billion in 2011 and is expected to double to $185.3 billion in 2021. In 2012 the world production of biofuels will reach 118 billion liters growing to 155 billion in 2015 coming from a baseline of 49 billion in 2006. By 2021 the total output is expected to have ballooned to 250 billion liters. This represents a compounded annual growth rate of 15 to 20 percent increasing market share in transport fuels from 3 to 8.5 percent representing approximately 40 percent of the global growth in output for the sector. Estimates indicate that by 2030 up to 30 percent of transport fuel blend will be biofuels. Ethanol is expected to maintain its dominance in the sector. In 2007 twenty oil producing nations supplied fuel to over 200 countries. By 2020 it is expected that 200 nations will have one or the other program to produce biofuels. It could be considered the largest conversion of a global industry in a local platform for business and development.2012
1050.11050xxAdding Value to Wooden WasteECOREGECOREG Project financed through LIFE+ ProgrammeRomaniaCampulung-Moldovenesc LIAMOLD SRL is a SME located in Campulung-Moldovenesc, some 80 km West from Suceava. The organization processes wood which mainly involves the first stage in timber processing thereby producing large quantities of sawdust and wooden waste. The company was looking for a low cost and environmentally friendly outlet for their waste.2007
1051.11051xxFrom Demolition to RestorationECOREGECOREG Project financed through LIFE+ ProgrammeRomaniaSuceava operate a power plant that produces power for Suceava city. During operations upto 25,000 tonnes of pulverized fly ash are generated per year. The ash was placed in three cells for disposal. These cells are now full and require a cap that would allow the surface to be restored.2007
1052.11052xx21 Synergies – One Objective: A New Chance For Wooden
Waste (1)
ECOREGECOREG Project financed through LIFE+ ProgrammeRomaniaRadauti is a major international wood processor, present in several European countries. A very large factory, wirh a capacity of 600000 ton/year wooden chip boards is operational in Radauti. The Radauti facility is a state-of-the-art, fully automated production line. It complies to strictest EU regulations in the field of technologies implemented and product quality. Apart of the well-known ISO 9001 (Quality Management System) and ISO 14001 (Environmental Management System) certifications, EGGER has voluntarily applied and was subsequently awarded a FSC Certification. FSC stands for “Forest Stewardship Council”. The Certification is an initiative issued by the FSC to companies that implements not only environmentally friendly technologies but also process timber and wood that comes from sustainably managed forests.2011
1053.11053xxEnvironmentally Safe
Management of Food Waste(1)
ECOREGECOREG Project financed through LIFE+ ProgrammeRomaniaSuceava FACOS SRL is a SME based in Suceava, dealing with meat processing and producing canned meat, salami, other meat products. The technology generates large amounts of solid waste (bones, meat debris, returned/expired products, blood contaminated plastic bags/sheets, cardboard wrapping, etc.) as well as wastewater with high COD/BOD load (from the technology, from cleaning and maintaining equipments, working spaces, depositing areas, refrigerating spaces, etc.).2010
1054.11054xxIncreased the recovery rate of ammonia up to 99%EIP Excellence Case BookMOTIE, KICOXSouth
Including Ulsan Industrial Complex, the nearby complexes produce lots of waste water while recovering molybdenum and vanadium which are noble metals from the desulfur catalyst. The waste water causes environmental pollution because it contains highly concentrated ammonium ions.2009
1055.11055xxReduced wastes using alternative neutralization reagent without additional investmentEIP Excellence Case BookMOTIE, KICOXSouth
The washing process of refining gas causes sulfuric acid. Some are collected through the process of several stages. However, the waste sulfuric acid which is remained until the last creates lots of plasters in the neutralization process using Ca(OH)2. All of these plasters are filled up by a contract company.2009
1056.11056xxUsed by-products of resins that are exported to China as raw materials of synthetic rubberEIP Excellence Case BookMOTIE, KICOXSouth
By-products occuring at manufacturing factories of ABS (Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-styrene Copolymer) resins contain substances that can be renewable like buadiene and styrene. But, they are not recycled because of their high water containing rate and mostly exported to China cheaply.2012
1057.11057xxThe silicon sludge recycling technology developed for the first time lit upEIP Excellence Case BookMOTIE, KICOXSouth
The poly silicon business is increasing quickly, but there is not enough technical development for recycling sludges occurring in manufacturing processes. Actually, there is little studies on the recycling of the poly silicon sludge.2011
1058.11058xxMade probiotics full of lactobacilli and yeast from by-productsEIP Excellence Case BookMOTIE, KICOXSouth
Kamsung Commerce developed probiotics using by-products occurring manufacturing process of bakery and noodle companies. They registered 3 patents for lactobacilli, basillus, and yeast in hte process. At present, they supply the manufactured lactobacilli as the raw material of feed companies. They invested 1.2 billion won to purchase 250 pyeong of factory land and 260 million won for the facility.
1059.11059xxWaste catalyst that is thrown away is resource, too
EIP Excellence Case BookMOTIE, KICOXSouth
The manufacturing process of petrochemical products uses various catalysts. It becomes waste catalyst and is disused when the activation is reduced after a certain period of time. Yeosu petrochemical Complex produces it about 12,810 ton/year which is 41% of the whole amount in Korea.2010
1060.11060xxWaste batteries became batteries through the pulse recycling process of storage battery without disassemblyEIP Excellence Case BookMOTIE, KICOXSouth
About 7 million lead acid batteries are produced by the overall industries including cars. Mostly they are disposed once used because of the corrosive of lead and sulfatation. Sungho Greentech and Shingi Greentech made batteries again by recycling waste batteries through the pulse recycling process of storage battery without disassembly.2012
1061.1, 1061.2, 1061.3, 1061.4, 1061.5, 1061.6, 1061.7, 1061.8, 1061.9, 1061.10, 1061.11, 1061.12, 1061.13, 1061.14106110.1039/c2ee23440h1754-5692Food waste as a valuable resource for the production of chemicals, materials and fuels. Current situation and global perspectiveLin, Carol Sze Ki Pfaltzgraff, Lucie a. Herrero-Davila, Lorenzo Mubofu, Egid B. Abderrahim, Solhy Clark, James H. Koutinas, Apostolis a. Kopsahelis, Nikolaos Stamatelatou, Katerina Dickson, Fiona Thankappan, Samarthia Mohamed, Zahouily Brocklesby, Robert Luque, RafaelEnergy & Environmental Science demand for fuels and chemicals, driven by factors including over-population, the threat of global warming and the scarcity of fossil resources, strains our resource system and necessitates the development of sustainable and innovative strategies for the chemical industry. Our society is currently experiencing constraints imposed by our resource system, which drives industry to increase its overall efficiency by improving existing processes or finding new uses for waste. Food supply chain waste emerged as a resource with a significant potential to be employed as a raw material for the production of fuels and chemicals given the abundant volumes globally generated, its contained diversity of functionalised chemical components and the opportunity to be utilised for higher value applications. The present manuscript is aimed to provide a general overview of the current and most innovative uses of food supply chain waste, providing a range of worldwide case-studies from around the globe. These studies will focus on examples illustrating the use of citrus peel, waste cooking oil and cashew shell nut liquid in countries such as China, the UK, Tanzania, Spain, Greece or Morocco. This work emphasises 2nd generation food waste valorisation and re-use strategies for the production of higher value and marketable products rather than conventional food waste processing (incineration for energy recovery, feed or composting) while highlighting issues linked to the use of food waste as a sustainable raw material. The influence of food regulations on food supply chain waste valorisation will also be addressed as well as our society's behavior towards food supply chain waste.2013
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