My Own Edible Landscape: Plant Database
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More Plants Coming Soon!!! Trees help form the structure of your landscape. They can be a focal point, create shade, block views, and so much more. In an edible landscape design, trees can also produce a harvest. There are many fruit and nut trees to choose from for your design. Some trees also have medicinal qualities.
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Common NameLatin NameHeightWidthSunSoilUSDA ZoneNotes
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AlmondPrunus dulcis10-12'10-12'fullwell-drained7, 8, 9Pinkish-white fragrant flowers in spring. Nuts ripen in mid- to late-September. Partially self-fertile but planting two varieties will produce a larger harvest. 20+ lbs per mature tree.
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Apple, ColumnarMalus sp.6-8'2-3'full, partwell-drained4, 5, 6, 7Perfect for small or container gardens. Grow to be tall and narrow, like a column. Flowers in spring and fruit in late summer to fall. Needs another variety nearby for pollination.
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Apple, CombinationMalus sp.12-30'12-30'full, partwell-drained4, 5, 6, 7Multiple varieties grafted onto one tree. Flowers in spring and fruit in late summer to fall.
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Apple, DwarfMalus sp.8-12'8-12'full, partwell-drained4, 5, 6, 7Flowers in April. Fruit ripens July - October depending on variety. Can be affected by apple scab, except for disease-resistant varieties. Needs another variety nearby for pollination. 30-50 lbs per mature tree. Starts bearing 2-3 years after planting.
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Apple, Semi-dwarfMalus sp.12-16'12-16'full, partwell-drained4, 5, 6, 7Flowers in April. Fruit ripens July - October depending on variety. Can be affected by apple scab, except for disease-resistant varieties. Needs another variety nearby for pollination. 30-50 lbs per mature tree. Starts bearing 2-3 years after planting.
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Apple, StandardMalus sp.25-30'25-30'full, partwell-drained4, 5, 6, 7Flowers in April. Fruit ripens July - October depending on variety. Can be affected by apple scab, except for disease-resistant varieties. Needs another variety nearby for pollination. 30-50 lbs per mature tree. Starts bearing 2-3 years after planting.
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ApricotPrunus sp.10-15'10-15'full, partwell-drained5, 6, 7, 8Flowers in March. Orange-yellow fruit in August. Can be difficult to grow west of the Cascade Mountains due to wet winters. Does not need a pollinator. Starts bearing 2-3 years after planting.
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AvocadoPersea americana30-60'20-30'fullmedium moisture, well-drained10, 11, 12Multi-stemmed evergreen tree with glossy dark green leaves. Pear-shaped fruit that ripens off the tree. Rich in vitamins and monounsaturated fat. Eat fresh or use for guacamole, on salads, and much more.
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Bay Tree, Bay LaurelLaurus nobilis12'12'full, partwell-drained7, 8, 9, 10Small evergreen tree which produces bay leaves, as you use for soups and other dishes. Slow growing. In colder climates, move tree indoors during winter months.
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Cherry, CornelianCornus mas8-15'8-15'full, partwell-drained4, 5, 6, 7, 8Shrub or small tree. Yellow flowers in early spring. Yellow or red fruit that tastes like a cherry or wild plum. Eat fresh or make preserves, juice, or wine. High in Vitamin C. Plant two varieites for greater fruit production. 30-40 lbs per mature plant. Begins bearing 2-3 years after planting.
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Cherry, PiePrunus sp10-12'10-12'full, partwell-drained3, 4, 5, 6, 7Flowers in April. Fruit in July - August. Many require another variety for cross pollination. 50+ lbs per mature tree. Tart fruit for baking and juicing. Starts bearing 2-3 years after planting.
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Cherry, SweetPrunus sp.12-15'12-15'full, partwell-drained5, 6, 7Flowers in April. Fruit in July - August. Many require another variety for cross pollination. 50+ lbs per mature tree. Sweet fruit for eating fresh, dried, frozen, in baked goods, and juicing. Starts bearing 2-3 years after planting.
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ChestnutCastanea sp.40-60'40-60'fullwell-drained4, 5, 6, 7, 8Nut-bearing shade tree. Yellow catkins in mid-summer and nuts in the fall. Roast or boil before eating. Store nuts in plastic bags in the refrigerator. Plant two or more trees for pollination. Begins bearing 2-4 years after planting.
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Chinese HawCrataegus pinnatifidia20'10-12'fullwell-drained6, 7, 8Large red or golden fruit in September to October. Eat fresh, dried, stewed, or candied. Reddish fall foliage. Self-fertile. Begins bearing 2 years after planting.
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CitrusCitrus sp.3-10'3-10'full, partwell-drained, acidic, if growing indoors, use course potting soil9, 10, 11Lime, lemon, orange, grapfruit. Can be grown in containers and taken indoors in cold climates. Can be pruned smaller than 6-10'. Self-fertile, but you can encourage pollination manually. Starts bearing 1-2 years after planting.
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CrabappleMalus sp.12-16'10-15'full, partwell-drained4, 5, 6, 7, 8Profuse flowers in spring. Red fruit in late summer to early fall. Eat fresh, cider, jelly, baked goods. Hardy tree for cold climates.
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Elderberry, AmericanSambucus canadensis5-12'5-12'full, partwell-drained, grows near wet areas3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9White flowers in June to July are edible and medicinal. Use for elderberry fritters, in medicinal syrup or tea. Dark blue-black clusters of fruit in late summer. Fruit must be cooked before consuming. Use for medicinal syrup, jam, jelly, wine. Forms thickets by underground suckers. Note: There are mixed recommendations on whether or not red elderberries are edible. Please do your own research if you are growing red elderberrries.
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Elderberry, BlackSambucus nigra6'-10'4'-5'full, partmoist, fertile soil for fruiting, well-drained5, 6, 7Plant two for greater fruit production. Leaves: dark green in summer. Fruit: black, 1/4". Flowers: June, yellow-ish white, 5-8" diameter
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Elderberry, BlueSambucus caerulea10-12'10-12'full, partwell-drained4, 5, 6, 7, 8White flowers in June to July are edible and medicinal. Use for elderberry fritters, in medicinal syrup or tea. Dusty blue fruit in late summer. Fruit must be cooked before consuming. Use for medicinal syrup, jam, jelly, wine. Note: There are mixed recommendations on whether or not red elderberries are edible. Please do your own research if you are growing red elderberrries.
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FigFicus carica8’-12’8’-12’full, partwell-drained8, 9, 10Flowers are not easily visible. Fruit in July and possibly again in September. Leaves are large and lobed. Many varieties are self-fertile. Eat fruit fresh, dried, or in baked goods. 10-15 lbs per mature tree. Starts bearing 1-2 years after planting.
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FilbertCorylus avellana10-12'10-12'full, partwell-drained4, 5, 6, 7, 8Compact trees that produce edible nuts in September. Roast nuts. Plant compatible varieties for pollination. 10+ lbs per mature tree. Begins bearing 2-3 years after planting.
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GinkgoGinkgo biloba50-80'30-40'fullmedium moisture, well-drained4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9Deciduous tree. Bright golden yellow leaves in fall. Tolerates pollution, so good as a street tree. For fruit/nut production, plant a male and female for pollination. Fruit will have an unpleasant aroma if left to rot on the ground. Nuts are edible. Ginkgo stimulates memory.
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HawthornCrataegus douglassii10-25’10-25’fulldrought resistant, tolerates brief flooding3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9White flowers in spring. Red fruit that ripens to black in late summer. Fruits are edible. Hawthorn has medicinal properties.
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Indian PlumOemleria cerasiformis8-12'8-12'full, partmedium moisture, acidic, well-drained6, 7, 8, 9, 10White flowers early in spring. Clusters of small, sweet fruit. The birds love the fruit. Plant a male and female plant for fruit production.
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JujubeZiziphus jujuba10-20'10-20'full, partwell-drained6, 7, 8, 9Small tree or large shrub. Fragrant white flowers in mid-summer. Contorted branches, lacy foliage. Reddish brown fruit ripens in fall, and has an apple-like flavor. Many varieties are self-fertile but planting two varieties will produce a larger harvest.
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LoquatEriobotrya japonica12-20'12-20'full, partwell-drained8, 9, 10Evergreen tree with long, dark green toothed leaves. Light orange apricot-like fruit. Self-fertile. Begins bearing 3-5 years after planting.
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MayhawCragaegus opaca10'10'full, partwell-drained8, 9, 10Small tree or large shrub. Fragrant white flowers in spring. Red or yellow fruit in early summer, fruit is the size of a cranberry and tastes like a crabapple. Eat fresh or make preserves, condiments, or wine. Plant two varieties for a heavier crop. Up to 50 lbs per mature tree. Begins bearing 2 years after planting.
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MedlarMespilus germanica8-15'8-15'full, partwell-drained5, 6, 7, 8Small tree. White flowers in spring and chestnut brown fruit that ripens in fall. Tastes like spiced applesauce. 20 lbs per mature plant. Begins bearing 2 years after planting.
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MulberryMorus sp.15-20'15-20'full, partwell-drained4, 5, 6, 7, 8Blackberry-like fruit that can be eaten fresh or dried. Self-fertile. Begins bearing 2-3 years after planting.
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OliveOlea europaea20-30'15-25'full, partwell-drained8, 9, 10Slow growing evergreen tree. Can be grown in a container. Ripens in fall and can be processed into the olives you're used to from the store. Wind pollinated but can be helped along by hand pollination with a brush. Begin bearing 1-2 years after planting.
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PawpawAsimina triloba12-15'12-15'full, partwell-drained5, 6, 7, 8, 9Flowers in April. Greenish yellow banana-like fruit in September - October. Plant two varieties for pollination. 30+ lbs per mature tree. Grafted trees begin fruiting 2-3 years after planting. Seedlings begin bearing 5-6 years after planting.
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Peach & NectarinePrunus persica10-12'10-12'full, partwell-drained5, 6, 7, 8Flowers in early April. Orange-yellow large fruit in mid-late August for fresh eating, baking, and preserving. Some varieties are leaf-curl resistent. 50+ lbs per mature tree. Self-fertile.
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PearPyrus sp.10-12’10-12’full, partwell-drained4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10Flowers in spring. Fruit ripens in late summer to early fall. Requires another variety for pollination. 50+ lbs of fruit per mature tree. Asian pears often bear the year after planting. European pears begin bearing 2 years after planting.
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Persimmon, AmericanDiospyros virginiana35-60' unpruned or 10-12' pruned25-35' unpruned or 10-12' prunedfull, partmoist, sandy, well-drained4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9Light orange fruit that softens when ripe. Eat fresh or use for cakes, cookies, or desserts. Partially self-fertile but will produce more with a male tree for pollination. 30 lbs per fruit per mature female tree. Beings bearing 2-3 years after planting.
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Persimmon, AsianDiospyros kaki10-12’10-12’fullwell-drained7, 8, 9, 10, 11Flowers in June. Yellow-orange-red leaves in fall. Partially self-fertile but will produce more with another variety nearby. 30+ lbs of fruit per mature tree. Begins bearing 2-3 years after planting.
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Pineapple GuavaFeijoa sellowiana10-15'10-15'full, partwell-drained8, 9, 10Small tree or shrub with evergreen leaves. Flowers in July have red centers and pink petals and are edible. Apricot size fruit in November that tasts like pineapple-mint. Some are self-fertile. Check with your local nursery for cross-pollination recommendations.
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PistachioPistacia vera20-30'15-25'fullwell-drained, saline soil7, 8, 9, 10, 11Small tree or large shrub. Prune to a manageable size. Grayish-green foliage. Reddish husks protect the nuts inside. Plant a male and female for pollination. Trees bear hearvier crops every other year.
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PlumPrunus sp.6'-12'6'-12'fullwell-drained5, 6, 7, 8, 9Flowers in March. Large, sweet dark purple plums in August to September. Eat fresh or dry for a delicious snack. Japanese plums need another variety for pollination. Must European plums are partially self-fertile but will usually bear heavier crops if another variety is planted nearby. 50+ lbs of fruit per mature tree.
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Plum, JapanesePrunus sp.6'-12'6'-12'fullwell-drained5, 6, 7, 8, 9Large, round fruit that's red, purple, or yellow. Most need another variety of Japanese plum for pollination.
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Plum, Japanese FloweringPrunus mume10-20'10-20'full, partwell-drained6, 7, 8, 9Fragrant flowers in early spring. Orange-red tart fruit that is apricot size in late summer. Eat fresh, candied, or pickled. Self-fertile. 20-30 lbs per mature tree.
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Quince, FruitingCydonia oblonga10-12'10-12'full, partmost soil types, well-drained4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9Cup-shaped pink and white flowers in spring. Large, bright yellow aromatic fruit in late fall. High in Vitamin C and pectin. Use for preserves and baking. Up to 100 lbs per mature tree.
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Service TreeSorbus domestica20-30'20-30'full, partwell-drained6, 7, 8, 9, 10Reddish-yellow fruit that is either apple or pear shaped. Ripens in late summer to early fall. Self-fertile.
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Strawberry TreeArbutus unedo10-15'10-15'full, partmedium moisture, well-drained7, 8, 9, 10Broadleaf evergreen small tree or shrub that is typically multi-stemmed. Pinkish-white flowers in fall. Fruits take almost a year to ripen. Fruit is ripe when strawberry-red. Fruit is somewhat bland.
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WalnutJuglans sp.25-30' English, Buartnut, Heartnut. 50-60' Black25-30'full, partwell-drained3, 4, 5, 6, 7 (English). 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 (Buartnut). 5, 6, 7, 8 (Heartnut). 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 (Black)Medium to large shade tree. Plant two for better crops. 100+ lbs per mature tree. Edible nuts ripen in fall. Begins bearing a small crop in 4-6 years but expect large crops after 20 years. Wood is highly valuable for furniture and many other uses. Black walnuts produce a chemical called juglone which is in the soil to the drip line (and possibly beyond for mature trees). Juglone prevents certain plants from growing nearby. Research before planting if you plan to grow other plants in the same area.
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Witchhazel, CommonHamamelis virginiana15-20'15-20'full, partmoist, acidic, organically rich3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8Deciduous tree. Bright yellow flowers in fall.
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