Oil Spills in The United States of America
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SPILLLOCATIONDATEEST. METRIC TONSEST. BARRELSEST. GALLONSTYPECAUSE OF LEAKENVIRONMENTAL
IMPACT
PARTY
RESPONSIBLE
IMMEDIATE
RESPONSE
LONG-TERM
RESPONSE
EST.
COST (USD)
RESOURCES
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Lakeview GusherKern County, California3/14/19101,230,0008,791,440324,929,100DerrickMismanagementUNKNOWNUnion OilNoneAttempt to bock the source with timber.UNKNOWN1 2
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SS Frank H. Buck and SS President Coolidge CollisionSan Francisco, California12/14/19378,87063,3992,343,188ShipCollision22,000 Birds DiedAssociated Oil Company for Union Iron Works of San FranciscoUNKNOWNNoneUNKNOWN3 4 5
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Greenpoint SpillNewton Creek, Greenpoint, Brooklyn, New York195097,400696,16825,730,158PipelineUnderground ExplosionRendered Brooklyn-Queens Aquifer UndrinkableMobil (Exxon)UNKNOWNNoneUNKNOWN6 7
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Inferno at WhitingWhiting, Indiana8/27/1955UNKNOWNUNKNOWNUNKNOWNRefineryFaulty restart of fluid hydroformer47 acres of fire surrounding the site of detonation and large amounts burning fuels emitted into the atmosphereStandard Oil3,000 emergency workers built containment dikes and National Guardsmen fired machine guns into the storage tanks so oil would stream out of bullet holes before the tanks could explode.Buy surrounding properties effected by explosion$30,000,000123 124
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The African Queen ShipwreckOcean City, Maryland12/30/195821,000150,0985,547,570ShipRan AgroundUNKNOWNAfrican Enterprises Ltd.UNKNOWNNoneUNKNOWN8 9
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Mississippi River Pipeline SpillSavage and Makato, Minnesota196215,000107,2133,962,550PipelineNegligent Pipe BurstDucks, other birds, and fish were displaced and/or covered in oil. Highly polluted water.Richard's Oil PlantImmediate effort/aid from local citizens. Some of the earliest conservation laws, for Minnesota, followed in it's wakeNoneUNKNOWN10 11
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R.C. Stoner SpillWake Island6/9/196720,000142,9515,283,400ShipFoundered on a ReefLarge numbers of fish, turbinid snails, and sea urchins were displaced and/or covered in oil.US NavyAir Driven pumps and skimmers used to clean waht could be seen.NoneUNKNOWN12 13
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Ocean Eagle Oil SpillSan Juan, Puerto Rico3/3/196812,00085,7713,170,040ShipGrounded VesselCoastal Pollution, Devestating effects on fishTransocean tankers Corp.Physical support to aid stranded VesselIncrease traffic regulationsUNKNOWN14 15
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Santa Barbara Oil SpillSanta Barbara, California1/29/196915,000107,2133,962,550PlatformUncontrollable BlowoutCoastal damage, oil stained rocks, marine life polluted.Union OilDisperants National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) and the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA)UNKNOWN16
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San Francisco Tanker CollisionSan Francisco, California1/17/19712,70019,326713,259ShipCollisionStained Coasts, polluted marine lifeStandard OilPumper TrucksNoneUNKNOWN17 18
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SS Texaco Oklahoma Oil SpillCape Hatteras, North Carolina3/27/197131,500225,1478,321,355ShipStructural Collapse from Major Storm at SeaUNKNOWNTexacoDisperantsBetter procedures for collecting and analyzing inspection and repair records.UNKNOWN19 20
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Navy Tanker Towle Oil SpillGravesend Bay, New York7/14/197112388032,493ShipAccidental dumpsmall coastal residue, mostly polluted marine lifeUS NavyDisperantsUNKNOWNUNKNOWN21 22
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The Corinthos DisasterDeleware River, Marcus Hook, Pennsylvania1/31/197536,000257,3119,510,120ShipCollisionUNKNOWNBritish PetroleumThe Regional Response Team (RRT) was activated from January 31 through February 5Raise and Tow the CorinthosUNKNOWN23 24
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Nepco 140 Oil SpillWellesley Island, New York6/23/19761,1678,342308,286ShipRan Aground 226 waterfowl and ducks + 508 Birds, mammals, and amphibians killedSeaway Marine TransportPower washing shorelines via Hand LaborLeft to degrade naturally$8,000,00025 26
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Argo Merchant Oil SpillNantucket Shoals, Massachusetts12/15/197629,000207,2787,660,930ShipRan AgroundEvidence of oil contamination was observed in fish, shellfish and plankton collected in that area. Cod and pollack eggs were also contaminated. Seabirds were fouled with oil, mostly on the breasts and abdomens.HowaldtswerkeFailed Pumping, In-Situ burnsNone$5,200,00027 28 29
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Guadalupe Oil Field Pipeline SpillGuadalupe-Nipomo Dunes, California197734,200244,4459,034,614PipelineMismanagementEndangers and threatens 57 rare speciesChevronVeldt GrassContinued use of bioremediationUNKNOWN30 31
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Avila BeachAvila Beach, California19771,52010,865401,539PipelineCorrosionMass PollutionChevronAerating SoilUNKNOWNUNKNOWN32 33
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Hawaiian Patriot Oil Spill3,000 MIles West of Hawaii2/23/197795,000679,01425,096,150ShipCrack in HullUNKNOWNPanagopoulos Indo-Pacific CarriersNo response to the oil spill took place as the oil dissipated naturallyRefer to Immediate ResponseUNKNOWN34 35 36
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Trans-Alaska Pipeline SpillSteele Creek, Fairbanks, Alaska2/15/19782,54618,198672,577PipelineBombUNKNOWNUNKNOWNUNKNOWNUNKNOWNUNKNOWN37 38
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Burmah Agate Oil SpillGalveston Bay, Texas11/1/197915,200108,6434,015,384ShipCollisionUNKNOWNChinese OwnersExtinguish fires, manual removal of oiled sand, Vacuum trucksUNKNOWNUNKNOWN39 40
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SS Mobil Oil SpillWarrior Rock, Sauvie Island, Oregon3/19/19847605433200,770ShipRan Aground (Rudder Failure)UNKNOWNMobil (Exxon)UNKNOWNUNKNOWNUNKNOWN41
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MV Alvenus Oil SpillCameron, Louisiana7/30/198410,26073,3342,710,385ShipRan Aground (Structural Failure)Oiled beaches 100 miles away from the spill, Some oil which entered Galveston Channel did affect several small sand islands used as nesting sites for birds, although no affected birds or eggs were reportedBritish OwnersDissperants (Ineefective due to rough seas), manual removal at beachesNone$74,000,00042 43
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Grand Eagle Oil SpillDeleware River, Marcus Hook, Pennsylvania9/28/19851,65311,815436,674ShipRan AgroundUNKNOWNUNKNOWNUNKNOWNUNKNOWNUNKNOWN44
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Ashland Oil SpillFloreffe, Pennsylvania1/2/198810,00071,4762,641,700ShipNegligent Ship ReconstructionUNKNOWNAshland OilUNKNOWNUNKNOWNUNKNOWN45 46
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Exxon Valdez Oil SpillPrince William Sound, Alaska3/24/1989104,000743,34227,473,680ShipRan AgroundOver 1,000 miles of oiled beaches, immediate deaths of 250,000 birds, 2,800 sea otters, 300 harbor selas, 247 bald eagles, and 22 orcas. AS well as an unknown number of salmon and herring.ExxonInsufficent response, physical labor was undone after a storm followed shortly after the spillCorexit 9850 Disperant and displacement via high pressured hot water. $3,800,000,00047 48 49 50
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Presidente Rivera Oil SpillDeleware River, Marcus Hook, Pennsylvania6/24/19891,1638,313307,230ShipRan AgroundHeavily oiled areas of Delaware River, Uruguayan Shipping Co.Placement of sorbent boom around leaking tanker and across tributariesComb Shorelines with pitchforks and using snare techniques along beachesUNKNOWN51
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Arthur Kill Pipeline SpillSewaren, New Jersey1/1/19901,84013,152486,073PipelineRupture (Possibly earthquake related)Large numbers of marine life killed and effected long term. Oiled beaches on local islands that function as bird sanctuaries.ExxonLarge containment boomsPhysical labor to clear shorelines and vacuum boats to empty river bed.UNKNOWN52 53
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American Trader Oil SpillBolsa Chica State Beach, California2/7/19909817,012259,151ShipPunctured Hull (Ran over its own anchor)Birds (3,400 estimated killed); fish; recreational beach use.British Petroleum, Attransco, Golden West Refining Co.None, natural recoveryRecreating seabird nesting areas especially for the Brown Pelican, creating public awarness, and monitoring long term effects.$15,860,00054 55
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Mega Borg Oil SpillGulf of Mexico, Galveston, Texas6/8/199041,800298,76711,042,306ShipAccidental ExplosionUNKNOWNDanish OwnersUNKNOWNUNKNOWNUNKNOWN56 57
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North Cape Oil SpillTrustom Pond, South KingstownRhode Island1/19/19963,11622,272823,154ShipTugboat FireUNKNOWNThe Eklof Marine CorporationUNKNOWNUNKNOWNUNKNOWN58 59
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Julie N Oil SpillPortland, Maine9/27/19965864,189154,804ShipPunctured Hull (Bridge Collision)UNKNOWNEnbridgeUNKNOWNUNKNOWN$443,000,00060 61
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New Carissa Oil SpillCoos Bay, Oregon2/4/19992661,90270,270ShipRan Aground (Storm) About 400 birds died, along with unknown numbers of marine creatures.Japanese OwnersUNKNOWNUNKNOWNUNKNOWN62
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Trans-Alaska Pipeline Spill IIFairbanks, Alaska10/4/20011,1408,149301,154PipelineGun Shotsignificantly harmed the tundra, streams and wildlife.Daniel Lewis (Hunter)Dug Ditches to capture the spill, then vacuumed into trucksPossibility of reinforcing the pipelines exterior$13,000,00037 38 63 64
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Bouchard No. 120 Oil SpillBuzzards Bay, Bourne, Massachusetts4/27/20033652,60996,423ShipPunctured Hull (Struck rocks on wrong side of navigation marker)oil continued to wash ashore for more than two weeks eventually landing on more than 90 miles of shoreline. The spill impacted a variety of natural resources, including wildlife (mostly birds, with 500 found dead), salt marshes, rocky shorelines, recreational beaches, and shellfish beds, which were closed for many months after the spill in some areas to protect human health.Bouchard Transport CompanyIdentify effected areasPhysical labor to clear shorelines$45,000,00065
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Chevron-Texaco Tank CollapseLouisiana9/16/20044233,024111,744TankHurricane IvanUNKNOWNChevron-TexacoUNKNOWNUNKNOWNUNKNOWN8
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Nakika 18" Pipeline SpillLouisiana9/16/20046184,418163,258PipelineHurricane IvanUNKNOWNUNKNOWNUNKNOWNUNKNOWNUNKNOWN8
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Athos 1 Oil SpillDeleware River, Paulsboro, New Jersey11/26/20041,80012,866475,506ShipPunctured HullWaterfowl have been killed by the spill, approximately 115 miles of shoreline along the tidal portion of the Delaware River, from the Tacony-Palmyra Bridge, which links northeast Philadelphia to Palmyra, New Jersey, south to the Smyrna River in DelawareCITGOUNKNOWNUNKNOWNUNKNOWN66
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Selendang Ayu Oil SpillUnalaska Island, Alaska11/26/20041,2779,128337,346ShipRan agroundUNKNOWNMalaysian OwnersUNKNOWNUNKNOWNUNKNOWN67 68
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Sundown Energy Oil SpillPort Sulphur, Louisiana8/30/20054935112,945TankHurricane KatrinaUNKNOWNSundown EnergyUNKNOWNUNKNOWNUNKNOWN69
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Shell Pipeline SpillNairn, Louisiana8/30/20055136513,473PipelineHurricane KatrinaUNKNOWNShellUNKNOWNUNKNOWNUNKNOWN70
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Venice Energy Service Company Oil SpillVenice, Louisiana8/30/20053,19222,815843,231TankHurricane KatrinaUNKNOWNVenice Energy Service CompanyUNKNOWNUNKNOWNUNKNOWN70
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Chevron Katrina Oil SpillPort Fourchon, Louisiana8/30/20052011,43753,099TankHurricane KatrinaUNKNOWNChevronUNKNOWNUNKNOWNUNKNOWN70
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Bass Enterprises Oil SpillPointe a la Hache, Louisiana8/30/20051,75212,523462,826TankHurricane KatrinaUNKNOWNBass EnterprisesUNKNOWNUNKNOWNUNKNOWN70
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Murphy Oil Corporation SpillMeraux, Louisiana8/30/20053,11222,244822,098TankHurricane KatrinaUNKNOWNMurphy Oil CorporationUNKNOWNUNKNOWNUNKNOWN70
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Chevron Katrina Oil Spill IIEmpire, Louisiana8/30/20053,76626,918994,865TankHurricane KatrinaUNKNOWNChevronUNKNOWNUNKNOWNUNKNOWN70
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Shell Katrina Oil SpillPilot Town, Louisiana8/30/20053,99028,5191,054,039TankHurricane KatrinaUNKNOWNShellUNKNOWNUNKNOWNUNKNOWN70
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Bass Enterprises Oil Spill IIPointe a la Hache, Louisiana8/30/200514,364102,6673,794,538TankHurricane KatrinaUNKNOWNBass EnterprisesUNKNOWNUNKNOWNUNKNOWN70
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Prudhoe Bay PipelineAlaska North Slope, Alaska3/2/20061,0157,255268,133PipelineInternal CorrosionUNKNOWNBritish PetroleumUNKNOWNdevelop a system-wide program to manage pipeline integrity for the company$25,000,00071 72
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Citgo Refinery Oil SpillLake Charles, Louisiana6/19/200615,960114,0754,216,154TankOverflowUNKNOWNCITGOUNKNOWNUNKNOWNUNKNOWN73
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Cosco Busan Oil SpillSan Francisco, California11/7/20072041,45953,891ShipVessel Puncture Birds, marine mammals, fish, habitat, and human uses.Regal Stone LTD.UNKNOWNMarsh, beach and mudflat habitat improvements; Creation and improvement of bird roosting and nesting habitat; Eelgrass, and native oyster bed and rockweed restoration$32,300,00074 75
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2008 New Orleans Oil SpillNew Orleans, Louisiana7/28/20081,59211,379420,559ShipVessel Collision Oil stuck to rocks, trees and wildlifeDRD Towing CompanyBooms were deployed to contain the oil, and skimmers are being used to suck it off the surfaceContinue to clean residual spillUNKNOWN76 77
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Port Arthur Oil SpillPort Arthur, Texas1/23/20101,71012,223451,731ShipVessel CollisionUNKNOWNExxonUNKNOWNUNKNOWNUNKNOWN78
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Deepwater Horizon Oil SpillGulf of Mexico4/20/2010865,1776,183,864228,553,809PlatformAccidental Well Eruption Birds, marine mammals, fish, habitat, and human uses.British PetroleumChemically Dispersed, Burned, and skimmedDisperants and Inland Recovery processes$61,600,000,00079 80 81
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Trans-Alaska Pipeline Spill IIIAnchorage, Alaska5/25/20101,2008,578317,004PipelinePressure FractureNoneBritish PetroleumCleaned up the facility Gravel it spilled onNoneUNKNOWN82
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Red Butte Creek Pipeline SpillSalt Lake City, Utah6/11/20107654420,077PipelinePressure Fractureclinging to rocks, soil and any fish and birdsChevronConcentrated effort of physical laborConcious removal process via organic compounds$4,500,00083 84
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Kalamazoo River Pipeline SpillKalamazoo River, Calhoun County, Marshall, Michigan7/26/20104,56032,5931,204,616PipelinePressure FractureUNKNOWNEnbridge Inc.UNKNOWNUNKNOWN$177,000,00085 86 87
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Barataria Bay Oil SpillBarataria Bay, Gulf of Mexico, Louisiana7/27/20103912,795103,291Offshore WellTowboat Collision with wellheadUNKNOWNCedyco Corp.UNKNOWNUNKNOWNUNKNOWN88 89
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Yellowstone River Pipeline SpillBillings, Montana7/1/20111601,14442,268PipelineFracture (River current)Fish and marinelife will be effected by any oil they digest.ExxonMobilAbsorbent pads and boomsOrganic oil consuming compunds$135,000,00090 91
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Arthur Kill Storage Oil SpillSewaren, New Jersey 10/29/20121,2779,128337,346TankStorage Tank Rupture (Hurricane Sandy)UNKNOWNMotiva Enterprises (SHell)200 responders worked to contain physicallyUNKNOWNUNKNOWN92 93
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Magnolia Refinery Pipeline SpillMagnolia, Arkansas3/9/2013171224,491PipelinePressure FractureUNKNOWNExxonMobilNone, took one month for the community to meetOrganic oil consuming compunds$75,000,00094
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Mayflower Pipeline SpillMayflower, Arkansas3/30/20131,1177,984295,078PipelinePressure FracturePolluted undersoilExxonMobil15 Vacuum trucks with 33 storage tanks were deployedUNKNOWN$2,600,00095 96
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Willard Bay Pipeline SpillWillard Bay State Park, Utah3/--/201310575127,738PipelinePressure FracturePolluted topsoil, Covered beavers in oil (rescued), Sediment affected crappie, walleye, wiper and catfish.ChevronUNKNOWNUNKNOWN$43,000,00097
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Cushing Storage Terminal Pipeline SpillCushing, Oklahoma5/18/20133992,852105,404PipelinePressure FractureUNKNOWNEnbridge Energy PartnersUNKNOWNUNKNOWNUNKNOWN98
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North Dakota Pipeline SpillTioga, North Dakota9/29/20133,28823,502868,591PipelineFracture (Corrosion)Contaminated 15 acres of farmland, Tesoro Logisitics (BP)physical containmentBaked the soil to release the hydro carbons.$42,000,00099 100
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North Dakota Train CollisionCasselton, North Dakota12/30/20131,52010,865401,539RailcarTrain CollisionUNKNOWNBNSF Railway Co.UNKNOWNUNKNOWN$6,100,000101 102
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North Dakota Pipeline Spill IIAlexander, North Dakota3/20/201412992334,078PipelineGasket Fracture (Pressure)UNKNOWNHiland Crude LLCdiked contained, and boomed the spill in the drainage it ran intoUNKNOWNUNKNOWN103
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MV Miss Susan & MV Summer Wind CollisionGalveston, Texas3/22/20146384,561168,541ShipVessel Collision10 dead birds, 8 oiled birds. Shrimp, blue crab, menhaden and other marine life effected by sediments.Cleopatra ShippingUNKNOWNUNKNOWN$10,000,000104 105 106
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Lake Michigan Oil SpillWhiting, Indiana3/24/20146431,586RefineryRefinery MalfunctionUNKNOWNBritish Petroleumboom containment, physical extraction, vacuum extractionfurther assesment annually for 5 years$275,000107 108
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Mid-Valley Pipeline SpillLake Caddo, Louisiana10/13/20146384,561168,541PipelinePressure Fracture139 dead animals, primarily fish, amphibians, reptiles, and crawfishMid-Valley Pipeline Co.Evacuation around the spilland shutdown of pipelineContracted 250 companies to come clean up$44,000,000109 110
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Yellowstone River Pipeline Spill IIGlendive, Montana1/17/20151921,37350,721PipelinePressure FractureContaminated water supplies.Bridger Pipeline Co.Chopped Ice to try and find the spilled Oil. Constructed containment structuresRemove via manual labor after the winterUNKNOWN111 112 113
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Illinois Train Derailment SpillGalena, Illinois3/5/20158295,926218,997RailcarTrain derailmentRuined immediate topsoil associated with the derailment and spill.Burlington Norther Santa Fe Railroad Co.Contractors constructed containment barriersSoil samples will continue to be taken in order to accurately determine an environmental remidioation plan.UNKNOWN114 115
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Refugio Pipeline SpillSanta Barbara,California5/19/20155433,882143,445PipelinePressure Fracture80 tonnes leaked into the ocean and oil may have harmed wildlife including birds and whales.Plains All American Pipeline LPVessells designed to contain and gather oil from spills were deployedTest the water and examine the water for any hidden or long term effects$74,000,000116 117
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Brutus Offshore Pipeline SpillGulf of Mexico5/12/20163352,39588,497PipelineUNKNOWN2 mile by 13 mile sheen of oil across the water top.Royal Dutch ShellSkimming boiats used to contain and clean the waterUNKNOWNUNKNOWN118 119 120
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Barataria Bay Pipeline SpillGulf of Mexico, Louisiana7/26/2016231656,076PipelineUNKNOWNApproximately 200 birds oiled.Hillcorp Energy155 personnel, 25 boats, 7 skimmers, and more than 12,000 feet of hard-boom have been deployed to contain and recover the productUNKNOWNUNKNOWN121
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North Dakota Pipeline Spill IIIAsh Coulee Creek, North Dakota12/5/20166694,782176,730PipelineHillside sloughFouled an unknown amount of private and U.S. Forest Service land along the waterway spanning 6 milesBelle Fourche Pipeline CoBoom containment & physical extractionUNKNOWNUNKNOWN122
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Magellan Pipeline SpillWorth County, Iowa1/25/20174713,367124,425PipelineUNKNOWNDisturbed Acres of tilled top soil.Magellan Midstream PartnersCollect contaminated and send it to Minnesota to be treatedUNKNOWNUNKNOWN125
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