HASALL (1982-2016) Variables
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1
VARLABELTOPICS
TOPICS_ID
CATEGORYCATEGORY_ID19821983198419851986198719881989199019911992199319941995199619971998199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016
2
ANGDISCHow often are Anglos discriminated against in Houston? (02-04, 06, 09)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Direct Assessments of Discrimination40100000000000000000000111010010000000
3
ANGDISC5
How often are Anglos discriminated against in Houston workplace because of their ethnicity? (98)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Direct Assessments of Discrimination40100000000000000001000000000000000000
4
ANGLOS
Anglo Houstonians do not support aspirations of minority groups today as much as they did 10 years ago. (92)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Explanations for Intergroup Inequalities40300000000001000000000000000000000000
5
ARABDISCHow often are Arabs discriminated against in Houston? (02, 04, 06)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Direct Assessments of Discrimination40100000000000000000000101010000000000
6
ASIABIAS
In general, do you think that the criminal justice system in Houston is biased in favor of Asians, biased against Asians, or does it generally give Asians fair treatment? (11)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Additional Measures of Perceived Discrimination40200000000000000000000000000000100000
7
ASIADIS5
How often are Asians discriminated against in Houston workplace because of their ethnicity? (98)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Direct Assessments of Discrimination40100000000000000001000000000000000000
8
ASIADISCHow often are Asians discriminated against in Houston? (02, 03)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Direct Assessments of Discrimination40100000000000000000000110000000000000
9
ASIANS
Asian Houstonians tend to put too much pressure on their children to succeed in school. (92)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Explanations for Intergroup Inequalities40300000000001000000000000000000000000
10
BKHSDISC
How often are blacks [If R is black: "How often are Hispanics …"] discriminated against in Houston? (00, 01)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Direct Assessments of Discrimination40100000000000000000011000000000000000
11
BLACKS
Black Houstonians tend to blame problems on discrimination rather than accepting responsibility for them. (92)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Explanations for Intergroup Inequalities40300000000001000000000000000000000000
12
BLKADV
Does being African American help, hurt, or make no difference in getting a good job in Houston today? (99)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Additional Measures of Perceived Discrimination40200000000000000000100000000000000000
13
BLKANGERIt is easy to understand the anger of black people in America. (04)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Additional Measures of Perceived Discrimination40200000000000000000000001000000000000
14
BLKDISCHow often are blacks discriminated against in Houston? (02-04, 06, 09)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Direct Assessments of Discrimination40100000000000000000000111010010000000
15
BLKDISC5
How often are blacks discriminated against in the Houston workplace because of their ethnicity? (98)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Direct Assessments of Discrimination40100000000000000001000000000000000000
16
BLKPROBS
Are the problems facing black Americans due to the larger society, or to blacks themselves? (97, 00, 04, 06, 08, 10)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Explanations for Intergroup Inequalities40300000000000000010010001010101000000
17
CRIMBIAS
Is the criminal justice system biased in favor of blacks, against blacks, or gives blacks fair treatment? (96, 06, 12, 15)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Additional Measures of Perceived Discrimination40200000000000000100000000010000010010
18
DISCBLK1Is black inequality mainly due to discrimination? (82)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Explanations for Intergroup Inequalities40310000000000000000000000000000000000
19
DISCBLK2The main reason for black inequality is because of continuing discrimination. (84)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Explanations for Intergroup Inequalities40300100000000000000000000000000000000
20
DISCGRP1
Which group is most discriminated against, in terms of job opportunities, education, and city services? (93)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Direct Assessments of Discrimination40100000000000100000000000000000000000
21
DISCGRP2
Of the remaining three groups (DISCGRP1), which one is the most discriminated against? (93)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Direct Assessments of Discrimination40100000000000100000000000000000000000
22
DISCHISP
The main reason for Hispanic inequality is because of continuing discrimination. (85)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Explanations for Intergroup Inequalities40300010000000000000000000000000000000
23
DUMBBLKS
Is black inequality primarily because most blacks have less in-born ability to learn? (82)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Explanations for Intergroup Inequalities40310000000000000000000000000000000000
24
EDEQUAL
Black and Hispanic children have the same chance as Anglo children for a good public education. (91)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Additional Measures of Perceived Discrimination40200000000010000000000000000000000000
25
EDUCBLKS
Is black inequality because most blacks don't have a chance for education it takes to rise out of poverty? (82)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Explanations for Intergroup Inequalities40310000000000000000000000000000000000
26
EQUALITY
Blacks and other minorities have same opportunities as whites in the U.S. today. (90, 92, 94, 96, 98, 00, 02, 04, 06, 08, 10, 12, 14, 16)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Additional Measures of Perceived Discrimination40200000000101010101010101010101010101
27
EQUALITY4
[Strongly disagree/slightly agree/slightly disagree/strongly disagree:] Blacks and other minorities have the same opportunities as whites in the U.S. today. (12, 14, 16)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Additional Measures of Perceived Discrimination40200000000000000000000000000000010101
28
HEROIMPT
How important do you think it is for the City of Houston to pass a local Equal Rights Ordinance that would protect people from discrimination? Would you say: very important, somewhat important, not very important, or not at all important? (16)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Direct Assessments of Discrimination40100000000000000000000000000000000001
29
HISPADV
Does being Hispanic help, hurt, or make no difference in getting a good job in Houston today? (99)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Additional Measures of Perceived Discrimination40200000000000000000100000000000000000
30
HISPANICHispanic Houstonians tend to have little motivation to better themselves. (92)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Explanations for Intergroup Inequalities40300000000001000000000000000000000000
31
HISPBIAS
In general, do you think that the criminal justice system in Houston is biased in favor of Hispanics, against Hispanics, or does it generally give Hispanics fair treatment? (09)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Additional Measures of Perceived Discrimination40200000000000000000000000000010000000
32
HISPDIS5
How often are Hispanics discriminated against in the Houston workplace because of their ethnicity? (98)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Direct Assessments of Discrimination40100000000000000001000000000000000000
33
HISPDISCHow often are Hispanics discriminated against in Houston? (02-04, 06, 09)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Direct Assessments of Discrimination40100000000000000000000111010010000000
34
LAZYBLKS
Black inequality because most don't have the motivation or will power to pull selves up from poverty? (82)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Explanations for Intergroup Inequalities40310000000000000000000000000000000000
35
MYETHDIS
How often are [R's ethnicity] discriminated against in Houston? (97, 99-04, 07, 11, 14)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Direct Assessments of Discrimination40100000000000000010111000001000100100
36
NODISCRIM
Agree/Disagree: Discrimination against ethnic minorities is no longer a serious problem in the United States today. (11, 15)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Direct Assessments of Discrimination40100000000000000000000000000000100010
37
NODISCRIM4
[Strongly agree/slightly agree/slightly disagree/strongly disagree:] Discrimination against ethnic minorities is no longer a serious problem in the U.S. today. (11, 15)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Additional Measures of Perceived Discrimination40200000000000000000000000000000000010
38
POLICEOK
Do the police generally treat minorities better, about the same, or worse than other Houstonians? (99)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Additional Measures of Perceived Discrimination40200000000000000000100000000000000000
39
PROFILES
Is it acceptable for the police to stop a car because people in the car fit the profile of likely criminals? (00)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Additional Measures of Perceived Discrimination40200000000000000000010000000000000000
40
RACEHURT
If most Katrina victims had been white, would government have responded more quickly, less quickly, or no difference? (06)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Additional Measures of Perceived Discrimination40200000000000000000000000010000000000
41
SELFDIS5
How often have you personally been discriminated against in the Houston workplace because of your ethnicity? (98)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Direct Assessments of Discrimination40100000000000000001000000000000000000
42
SELFDISC
How often have you personally felt discriminated against in Houston because of your ethnicity? (93-97, 99, 01-04, 06, 07, 09, 11, 14-16)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Direct Assessments of Discrimination40100000000000111110101111011010100111
43
TASERDSC
The police are more likely to use Taser devices than less aggressive methods when the suspect is Black or Hispanic. (07)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Additional Measures of Perceived Discrimination40200000000000000000000000001000000000
44
UNEQUAL
Black people in U.S. still far from having same chance in life that white people have. (89, 91, 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13, 15)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Additional Measures of Perceived Discrimination40200000001010101010101010101010101010
45
UNEQUAL4
[Strongly agree/slightly agree/slightly disagree/strongly disagree:] Black people in the U.S. are still a long way from having the same chance in life that white people have. (13, 15)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Additional Measures of Perceived Discrimination40200000000000000000000000000000001010
46
WHODISC
Which group of Houstonians the most discriminated against, in terms of jobs, education, and city services? (95)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Direct Assessments of Discrimination40100000000000001000000000000000000000
47
WHYINEQ
Is black inequality primarily because of continuing discrimination; or because blacks don't try hard enough? (94, 96)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Explanations for Intergroup Inequalities40300000000000010100000000000000000000
48
WHYNOHIS
There are very few Hispanics among the most important business and political leaders in Houston today. Inyour opinion, is that mainly (SCRAMBLE:) because of continuing discrimination; because very few Hispanics are motivated to seek such positions; or: because most Hispanics don’t have access to the education they need? (15)
Beliefs about Discrimination
400Additional Measures of Perceived Discrimination40200000000000000000000000000000000010
49
ALTSENT
Which would be best way of dealing with people convicted of non-violent criminal offenses? (99, 05)
Crime and Public Safety800Incarceration80500000000000000000100000100000010000
50
ASSAULTWhat about a federal law banning assault weapons? (05, 13)Crime and Public Safety800Gun Control80300000000000000000000000100000001000
51
ASSAULT4
[Strongly favor/slightly favor/slightly oppose/strongly oppose:] What about a federal law banning assault weapons? (13)
Crime and Public Safety800Gun Control80300000000000000000000000000000001000
52
ATTACK
How likely do you think it is that there will be a major terrorist attack on Houston in the next 10 years? (05, 07)
Crime and Public Safety800Fear of Crime80100000000000000000000000101000000000
53
BADCRIME
Which has most serious consequences for society - white-collar crime or street crime? (91)
Crime and Public Safety800Fear of Crime80100000000010000000000000000000000000
54
BEARGUN1What about a law that would allow private citizens to carry handguns? (93, 95)Crime and Public Safety800Gun Control80300000000000101000000000000000000000
55
BEARGUN2What about the law allowing private citizens to carry handguns? (96)Crime and Public Safety800Gun Control80300000000000000100000000000000000000
56
CHLDOUT
If R has a child under age six: about how much time does your child spend playing outside in a typical day during the week? (11)
Crime and Public Safety800Fear of Crime80100000000000000000000000000000100000
57
CHLDSAFE
If R has a child under age six and if the child spends some time playing outside on a typical weekday: how much do you worry about safety when your child plays outside? (11)
Crime and Public Safety800Fear of Crime80100000000000000000000000000000100000
58
CRIMFEAR
How worried that you or family member will become the victim of a crime? (95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05-16)
Crime and Public Safety800Fear of Crime80100000000000001010101010111111111111
59
DEATH1What about the reinstatement of the death penalty? (82)Crime and Public Safety800Death Penalty80210000000000000000000000000000000000
60
DEATH2What about the increased use of the death penalty? (84, 86, 88, 90)Crime and Public Safety800Death Penalty80200101010100000000000000000000000000
61
DEATH3
What about expanding the number of crimes that are punishable by the death penalty? (95)
Crime and Public Safety800Death Penalty80200000000000001000000000000000000000
62
DEATH4
What about the death penalty for persons convicted of murder? (93, 98, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13, 15)
Crime and Public Safety800Death Penalty80200000000000100001101010101010101010
63
DEATH44
[Strongly favor/slightly favor/slightly oppose/strongly oppose:] What about the death penalty for persons convicted of murder? (13, 15)
Crime and Public Safety800Death Penalty80200000000000000000000000000000001010
64
DEATHCHG
During the last ten years, has your support for the death penalty increased, decreased, or has it stayed about the same? (07)
Crime and Public Safety800Death Penalty80200000000000000000000000001000000000
65
DRINKINGWhat about raising the drinking age to 21 throughout the United States? (85)Crime and Public Safety800Drugs and Alcohol80400010000000000000000000000000000000
66
DRUGTESTWhat about random drug testing in the workplace? (87)Crime and Public Safety800Drugs and Alcohol80400000100000000000000000000000000000
67
DRUNKS
What about a law that would take away the driver's license of anyone convicted of drunk driving? (86)
Crime and Public Safety800Drugs and Alcohol80400001000000000000000000000000000000
68
DTHWHYDEC
(If support decreased) What was the main reason for the change in your support for the death penalty? (07)
Crime and Public Safety800Death Penalty80200000000000000000000000001000000000
69
DTHWHYINC
(If support increased) What was the main reason for the change in your support for the death penalty? (07)
Crime and Public Safety800Death Penalty80200000000000000000000000001000000000
70
FINEDRUG
Do you agree or disagree that individuals in possession of small amounts of illegal drugs should be fined rather than sent to jail? (10, 12, 14)
Crime and Public Safety800Drugs and Alcohol80400000000000000000000000000001010100
71
FINEDRUG4
[Strongly agree/slightly agree/slightly disagree/strongly disagree:] People in possession of small amounts of illegal drugs should be fined rather than sent to jail. (12, 14)
Crime and Public Safety800Drugs and Alcohol80400000000000000000000000000000010100
72
FINEPOT
People in possession of small amounts of marijuana should be fined rather than sent to jail. (05)
Crime and Public Safety800Drugs and Alcohol80400000000000000000000000100000000000
73
FIREARM1Do you own a firearm of any kind? (82, 93, 96)Crime and Public Safety800Gun Control80310000000000100100000000000000000000
74
FIREARM2Do you, or anyone in the household, own a firearm of any kind? (00)Crime and Public Safety800Gun Control80300000000000000000010000000000000000
75
GUNCHECK4
[Strongly favor/slightly favor/slightly oppose/strongly oppose:] What about requiring universal criminal background checks for all gun sales?
Crime and Public Safety800Gun Control80300000000000000000000000000000001000
76
HANDGUNIf "yes" (FIREARM2): Does that include a handgun? (00)Crime and Public Safety800Gun Control80300000000000000000010000000000000000
77
LEGALPOT
The possession of small amounts of marijuana should not be treated as a criminal offense. (95, 03)
Crime and Public Safety800Drugs and Alcohol80400000000000001000000010000000000000
78
LESSCRIM
Which more effective crime policy: longer prison terms, or reducing poverty and improving schools? (91, 94, 96, 99, 10)
Crime and Public Safety800Incarceration80500000000010010100100000000001000000
79
LESSJAIL
Is it a good or bad idea to move away from mandatory prison sentences for nonviolent drug offenders? (02, 11, 16)
Crime and Public Safety800Incarceration80500000000000000000000100000000100001
80
LIFESENT
What about a true life sentence without the possibility of parole, as an alternative to the death penalty? (99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13)
Crime and Public Safety800Death Penalty80200000000000000000101010101010101000
81
LIFESENT4
[Strongly favor/slightly favor/slightly oppose/strongly oppose:] What about a true life sentence without the possibility of parole, as an alternative to the death penalty? (13)
Crime and Public Safety800Death Penalty80200000000000000000000000000000001000
82
MEDIPOT
What about making marijuana legally available for medical purposes? (97, 03, 10, 14)
Crime and Public Safety800Drugs and Alcohol80400000000000000010000010000001000100
83
MEDIPOT4
[Strongly favor/slightly favor/slightly oppose/strongly oppose:] What about making marijuana legally available for medical purposes? (14)
Crime and Public Safety800Drugs and Alcohol80400000000000000000000000000000000100
84
MYPOLICE
How would you rate the adequacy of police protection in your own neighborhood? (93)
Crime and Public Safety800Fear of Crime80100000000000100000000000000000000000
85
NEEDLES
What about providing sterile needles to intravenous drug users, if that can be shown to reduce disease? (03)
Crime and Public Safety800Drugs and Alcohol80400000000000000000000010000000000000
86
NOGUNS1What about the movement for the control of handguns? (82, 84)Crime and Public Safety800Gun Control80310100000000000000000000000000000000
87
NOGUNS2
What about a federal law requiring the registration of all handguns? (85, 88, 90, 92, 94, 96, 98, 00)
Crime and Public Safety800Gun Control80300010010101010101010000000000000000
88
POLICE
How would you rate police protection, in terms of living in the Houston area? (82-05, 07, 11)
Crime and Public Safety800Fear of Crime80111111111111111111111111101000100000
89
PRISONS1
What about the building of more prisons in order to reduce the early parole of prisoners? (84)
Crime and Public Safety800Incarceration80500100000000000000000000000000000000
90
PRISONS2
Which more effective in reducing crime: longer sentences, or better education and treatment programs? (89, 97, 00)
Crime and Public Safety800Incarceration80500000001000000010010000000000000000
91
PRISONS3
Solve prison overcrowding by alternatives for nonviolent offenders, or more prisons requiring higher taxes? (94)
Crime and Public Safety800Incarceration80500000000000010000000000000000000000
92
SAFEHERE
How safe would you feel walking in your neighborhood after dark? (94, 96, 98, 02, 04)
Crime and Public Safety800Fear of Crime80100000000000010101000101000000000000
93
TASERSOKThe use of Taser devices by the police makes deadly force less likely. (07)Crime and Public Safety800Fear of Crime80100000000000000000000000001000000000
94
UNEASY
Compared to year ago, personally feel more uneasy about crime, less uneasy, or not much different? (94, 96, 98, 00)
Crime and Public Safety800Fear of Crime80100000000000010101010000000000000000
95
WHICHPEN
What should generally be the penalty for persons convicted of first-degree murder? (00, 04, 06, 08, 10, 12, 14, 16)
Crime and Public Safety800Death Penalty80200000000000000000010001010101010101
96
BIGPROB1
What would you say is the biggest problem facing people in the Houston area today? 9 categories (84-16)
Economic Assessments100Evaluatoin of Local Conditions10100111111111111111111111111111111111
97
BIGPROB2
What would you say is the biggest problem facing people in the Houston area today? 18 categories (03-16)
Economic Assessments100Evaluatoin of Local Conditions10100000000000000000000011111111111111
98
CHIPBAD1
The computer revolution will ultimately bring more harm than good to the quality of life in America. (83)
Economic Assessments100Future Prospects10301000000000000000000000000000000000
99
CHIPBAD2
The computer revolution will ultimately destroy more jobs than it creates. (84, 86, 88, 97)
Economic Assessments100Future Prospects10300101010000000010000000000000000000
100
COSTS
How would you rate the cost of food and other necessities, in terms of living in the Houston area? (82)
Economic Assessments100Evaluatoin of Local Conditions10110000000000000000000000000000000000
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