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TimestampEmail AddressScoreName
What do you understand by the term 'Renaissance'?
Why lay historian emerged after 'Renaissance'?
What J.W Thompson has said about science of Archeology?
What is Humanistic view in Historiography?
What is philological criticism?
2
11/11/2020 15:34:42
nimra471999@gmail.com
7 / 10Nimra Asif
Renaissance is a French word meaning “rebirth.” It refers to a period in European civilization that was marked by a revival of Classical learning and wisdom.
Closely relative to revivel interest on man and the world was a swing away from the medieval Christmas tradition and gradually seclarization of life which effected to the writing of history.here is the survival of lay school right down from Roman times. The cities Lombardy, piedmont, and tuscany were independent.public office were elective and the very intensity of local issues and party strife made for an intense realistic history writing.
The new science of archeology writes J.W Thompson "not only furnished a valuable commentary to the classical revival it's contribute also to critical method and historical interpretation".
The renaissance orientation represented return to the humanistic view of life based on the ancient Greek and Roman.Historical thought once more came to be focused on men.
Philosophy criticism was to liberate the history writing from the grip of tradition and blinding forces of the authority Lorenzo calls was set to prove the donation of constantine had been a forgery. It was authority of an document was temporal power of paper had largely reposed the philosophy criticism had to be conclusion that the history setting which along with the document was a forgery.
3
11/11/2020 15:35:06
ayeshaejaz028@gmail.com
8 / 10Ayesha Ejaz
The term "Renaissance" means rebirth, in a narrow sense it is used to describe the revival of interest in the classical civilizations of Greece & Rome. Renaissance was marked by a series of new developments in the field of art, literature, religion, philosophy, science & politics. The period served as a bridge between medieval & modern western Europe.
The most significant changes that emerged as a result of the Renaissance can be seen in European architecture, art, literature, mathematics, music, philosophy, politics, religion and science. Historians have identified several causes for the emergence of the Renaissance following the Middle Ages, such as: increased interaction between different cultures, the rediscovery of ancient Greek and Roman texts, the emergence of humanism, different artistic and technological innovations, and the impacts of conflict and death.
The new science of archeology writes J.W Thompson "not only furnished a valuable commentary to the classical revival it's contribute also to critical method and historical interpretation.
Humanistic historiography is a method in historiography based on the principles of humanism. The new style of (humanistic) historiography was established by the Florentine History of Bruni (published from 1416 to 1449). The humanistic concentration on the history of the republic in the Roman manner entailed the break with the Christian view of history.
Philological criticism, method of biblical criticism consisting mainly in the study of the biblical languages in their widest scope, so that the vocabulary, grammar, and style of biblical writings can be understood as accurately as possible. It includes the study of writings, both scriptural and nonscriptural, in the languages in which the Bible was originally composed —— HERBEW, ARAMAIC, and KOINE and in cognate languages.
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11/11/2020 15:35:39
zainab.shabbir8650@gmail.com
7 / 10Zainab Shabbir
The Renaissance is a period in the history of Europe beginning in about 1400, and following the Medieval period. "Renaissance" is a French word meaning "rebirth". The Renaissance was seen as a "rebirth" of that learning. The Renaissance is often said to be the start of the "modern age". It refers to a period in European civilization that was marked by a revival of Classical learning and wisdom.
Closely relative to revival interest on man and the world was a swing away from the medieval Christmas tradition and gradually secularization of life which effected to the writing of history. here is the survival of lay school right down from Roman times. The cities Lombardy, piedmont, and tuscany were independent.public office were elective and the very intensity of local issues and party strife made for an intense realistic history writing.
The new science of archeology writes J.W Thompson "not only furnished a valuable commentary to the classical revival it's contribute also to critical method and historical interpretation.
The humanistic historiography was from the begging connected with the development of modern political consciousness. between 1450-55 the Italian served like court historiography in germany, France England, Poland and hungary. The identification of humanistic historiography was emerged and developed into modern nationalistic historiography. The renaissance orientation represented return to the humanistic view of life based on the ancient Greek and Roman.Historical thought once more came to be focused on men.
Philosophy criticism was to liberate the history writing from the grip of tradition and blinding forces of the authority Lorenzo calls was set to prove the donation of constantine had been a forgery. It was authority of an document was temporal power of paper had largely reposed the philosophy criticism had to be conclusion that the history setting which along with the document was a forgery.
5
11/11/2020 15:35:46
mahnoorkhawaja000@gmail.com
7 / 10Mahnoor sohail
The Renaissance was a fervent period of European cultural, artistic, political and economic “rebirth” following the Middle Ages. Generally described as taking place from the 14th century to the 17th century, the Renaissance promoted the rediscovery of classical philosophy, literature and art. Some of the greatest thinkers, authors, statesmen, scientists and artists in human history thrived during this era, while global exploration opened up new lands and cultures to European commerce.
The most significant changes that emerged as a result of the Renaissance can be seen in European architecture, art, literature, mathematics, music, philosophy, politics, religion and science. Historians have identified several causes for the emergence of the Renaissance following the Middle Ages, such as: increased interaction between different cultures, the rediscovery of ancient Greek and Roman texts, the emergence of humanism, different artistic and technological innovations, and the impacts of conflict and death.
The new science of archeology writes J.W Thompson "not only furnished a valuable commentary to the classical revival it's contribute also to critical method and historical interpretation.
Humanistic historiography is a method in historiography based on the principles of humanism. The new style of (humanistic) historiography was established by the Florentine History of Bruni (published from 1416 to 1449). The humanistic concentration on the history of the republic in the Roman manner entailed the break with the Christian view of history.
Philological criticism, method of biblical criticism consisting mainly in the study of the biblical languages in their widest scope, so that the vocabulary, grammar, and style of biblical writings can be understood as accurately as possible. It includes the study of writings, both scriptural and non-scriptural, in the languages in which the Bible was originally composed.
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11/11/2020 15:37:35
qammaraslam786@gmail.com
5 / 10Qammar Aslam
The renaissance was a cultural movement and a time of renewal. Renaissance mean rebirth of classical knowledge and birth of the modern world.
Closely relative to revivel interest on man and the world was a swing away from the medieval Christmas tradition and gradually seclarization of life which effected to the writing of history.here is the survival of lay school right down from Roman times. The cities Lombardy, piedmont, and tuscany were independent.public office were elective and the very intensity of local issues and party strife made for an intense realistic history writing.
Archaeology, is the science that studies human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains and environmental data, including architecture, artifacts, biofacts, human remains and landscapes.
The renaissance orientation represented return to the humanistic view of life based on the ancient Greek and Roman.Historical thought once more came to be focused on men. Humanists believed that a 'dark age' had set in after the collapse of the Roman Empire. Following them, later scholars assumed that a 'new age' had begun in Europe from the fourteenth century. The term 'Middle Ages/Medieval Period' was used for the millennium after the fall of Rome.
Philosophy criticism was to liberate the history writing from the grip of tradition and blinding forces of the authority Lorenzo calls was set to prove the donation of constantine had been a forgery. It was authority of an document was temporal power of paper had largely reposed the philosophy criticism had to be conclusion that the history setting which along with the document was a forgery.
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11/11/2020 15:38:34
Sanabashir824@gmail.com
5 / 10Hafiza Sana
1.An Important aspect of the New Learning as it was called, was the eager search for and an enthusiastic study of the work of the ancient Greeks and Roman. 2: This fundamental change in the thought and taste of the Western man is designated by the trrm humanisim. The humanist or those who took to the New learning rejected the supernatural and put human iterest and the mind of man paramount.
1: Theological interpretation of history and the supernatural element in historiography disappeared as men ceased to believe in the operation of a providential plan in their affairs. 2: Lay history was further promoted by the preavalence of political regimes in Lombardy, piedmont and tuscany which unlike naples and the papal states were comparatively free as well from papal as from feudal influence.
J. W. Themposon, "not only furnished a valuable commentey to the classical revival, it contribute also to critical method and historical interpretation. "
1:The new humanist historiography was from the beginning, connected with the development of modern political consciousness. 2: Celebrating the glories of Florence was a particular function of the historiography that ws developing in Florence under the stimulus of Bruni.
1: Philological criticism was to liberate history writing from the grip of tradition and the binding force of authority. 2: In AD 1440 Lorenzo Valla(1406-57) set out to prove that the donation of Constantine had been a forgery.
8
11/11/2020 15:39:15
mahibeat10@gmail.com
8 / 10Mehwish Zahid
The Word Renaissance means 'rebirth', was a cultural movement. It spanned roughly between the fourteenth and the seventeenth centuries, beginning in Itlay in the late middle ages and later spreading to the rest Europe
It was an incredible time of beauty, blossoming with creativity and curiosity. The Renaissance era also witnessed the discovery and exploration of new continents, the growth of commerce, and the inventions of innovations such as paper, printing, the mariner's compass and gunpowder.
The new science of archeology writes J.W Thompson "not only furnished a valuable commentary to the classical revival it's contribute also to critical method and historical interpretation.
Humanistic historiography is a method in historiography based on the principles of humanism. ... The humanistic concentration on the history of the republic in the Roman manner entailed the break with the Christian view of history. Humanists believed that a 'dark age' had set in after the collapse of the Roman Empire. Following them, later scholars assumed that a 'new age' had begun in Europe from the fourteenth century. The term 'Middle Ages/Medieval Period' was used for the millennium after the fall of Rome.
A new form of criticism, philologcical criticism, was to liberate history writing from the grip of tradition and the binding force of authority . In AD 1440 Lorenzo Valla (1406-57) set out to prove chat the Donation of Constantine had been a forgery. It was on the authority of this document that the temporal power of the pap had largely reposed. Valla was at the time in the service of Alfonso, King of Aragon and Sicily. His criticism service a time when King Alfonso was at war with pope was infact part of a bitter publicity campaign
9
11/11/2020 15:39:32
ramlazubair00@gmail.com
7 / 10Ramla Zubair
The term "Renaissance" means rebirth, in a narrow sense it is used to describe the revival of interest in the classical civilizations of Greece & Rome. Renaissance was marked by a series of new developments in the field of art, literature, religion, philosophy, science & politics. The period served as a bridge between medieval & modern western Europe. Renaissance began with the rediscovery of Greco-Roman civilization which had been neglected during the middle ages. It emphasized reason, a questioning attitude, experimentation & free inquiry. This is contrasted with medieval concern with faith, authority & tradition. It glorified the individual & approved worldly pleasures, viewing life as worthwhile for its own sake, not chiefly as a preparation for the after-life. The era focused attention upon secular society rather than the medieval preoccupation with the church & religious affairs. In the 15th century, Renaissance ideas began to spread from Italy to France, the German states, Holland & England.
It was an incredible time of beauty, blossoming with creativity and curiosity. The Renaissance era also witnessed the discovery and exploration of new continents, the growth of commerce, and the inventions of innovations such as paper, printing, the mariner's compass and gunpowder.
The new science of archeology writes J.W Thompson "not only furnished a valuable commentary to the classical revival it's contribute also to critical method and historical interpretation.
Humanists believed that a ‘dark age’ had set in after the collapse of the Roman Empire. Following them, later scholars assumed that a ‘new age’ had begun in Europe from the fourteenth century. The term ‘Middle Ages/Medieval Period’ was used for the millennium after the fall of Rome. They argued that in the ‘Middle Ages’ the Church had had such complete control over men’s minds that all the learning of the Greeks and Romans had been blotted out. The humanists used the word ‘modern’ for the period from the fifteenth century.
Philological criticism, method of biblical criticism consisting mainly in the study of the biblical languages in their widest scope, so that the vocabulary, grammar, and style of biblical writings can be understood as accurately as possible. It includes the study of writings, both scriptural and nonscriptural, in the languages in which the Bible was originally composed—Hebrew, Aramaic, and Koine (“Hellenistic”) Greek—and in cognate languages.
10
11/11/2020 15:39:58
ghafforsamavia@gmail.com
7 / 10
Samavia Ghafoor
Renaissance is a French word meaning “rebirth.” It refers to a period in European civilization that was marked by a revival of Classical learning and wisdom.
Closely relative to revivel interest on man and the world was a swing away from the medieval Christmas tradition and gradually seclarization of life which effected to the writing of history.here is the survival of lay school right down from Roman times. The cities Lombardy, piedmont, and tuscany were independent.public office were elective and the very intensity of local issues and party strife made for an intense realistic history writing.
The new science of archeology writes J.W Thompson "not only furnished a valuable commentary to the classical revival it's contribute also to critical method and historical interpretation.
Humanists believed that a 'dark age' had set in after the collapse of the Roman Empire. Following them, later scholars assumed that a 'new age' had begun in Europe from the fourteenth century. The term 'Middle Ages/Medieval Period' was used for the millennium after the fall of Rome.
Philological criticism, method of biblical criticism consisting mainly in the study of the biblical languages in their widest scope, so that the vocabulary, grammar, and style of biblical writings can be understood as accurately as possible.
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11/11/2020 15:40:33
maliasifasif@gmail.com
7 / 10Menahil ali asif
The Renaissance was a fervent period of European cultural, artistic, political and economic “rebirth” following the Middle Ages. Generally described as taking place from the 14th century to the 17th century, the Renaissance promoted the rediscovery of classical philosophy, literature and art. Some of the greatest thinkers, authors, statesmen, scientists and artists in human history thrived during this era, while global exploration opened up new lands and cultures to European commerce.
The most significant changes that emerged as a result of the Renaissance can be seen in European architecture, art, literature, mathematics, music, philosophy, politics, religion and science. Historians have identified several causes for the emergence of the Renaissance following the Middle Ages, such as: increased interaction between different cultures, the rediscovery of ancient Greek and Roman texts, the emergence of humanism, different artistic and technological innovations, and the impacts of conflict and death.
The new science of archeology writes J.W Thompson "not only furnished a valuable commentary to the classical revival it's contribute also to critical method and historical interpretation.
Humanistic historiography is a method in historiography based on the principles of humanism. The new style of (humanistic) historiography was established by the Florentine History of Bruni (published from 1416 to 1449). The humanistic concentration on the history of the republic in the Roman manner entailed the break with the Christian view of history.
Philological criticism, method of biblical criticism consisting mainly in the study of the biblical languages in their widest scope, so that the vocabulary, grammar, and style of biblical writings can be understood as accurately as possible. It includes the study of writings, both scriptural and nonscriptural, in the languages in which the Bible was originally composed
12
11/11/2020 15:42:23
faryalsheik144@gmail.com
7 / 10Faryal
The term "Renaissance" means rebirth, in a narrow sense it is used to describe the revival of interest in the classical civilizations of Greece & Rome. Renaissance was marked by a series of new developments in the field of art, literature, religion, philosophy, science & politics. Renaissance began with the rediscovery of Greco-Roman civilization which had been neglected during the middle ages. It emphasized reason, a questioning attitude, experimentation & free inquiry. This is contrasted with medieval concern with faith, authority & tradition. It glorified the individual & approved worldly pleasures, viewing life as worthwhile for its own sake, not chiefly as a preparation for the after-life.
It was an incredible time of beauty, blossoming with creativity and curiosity. The Renaissance era also witnessed the discovery and exploration of new continents, the growth of commerce, and the inventions of innovations such as paper, printing, the mariner's compass and gunpowder.
The new science of archeology writes J.W Thompson "not only furnished a valuable commentary to the classical revival it's contribute also to critical method and historical interpretation.
Humanistic historiography is a method in historiography based on the principles of humanism. ... The humanistic concentration on the history of the republic in the Roman manner entailed the break with the Christian view of history. Humanists believed that a ‘dark age’ had set in after the collapse of the Roman Empire. Following them, later scholars assumed that a ‘new age’ had begun in Europe from the fourteenth century. The term ‘Middle Ages/Medieval Period’ was used for the millennium after the fall of Rome. They argued that in the ‘Middle Ages’ the Church had had such complete control over men’s minds that all the learning of the Greeks and Romans had been blotted out. The humanists used the word ‘modern’ for the period from the fifteenth century.
Philogical mean the study of literary texts and of written records, the establishment of their authenticity and their original form, and the determination of their meaning. Philological criticism, method of biblical criticism consisting mainly in the study of the biblical languages in their widest scope, so that the vocabulary, grammar, and style of biblical writings can be understood as accurately as possible. It includes the study of writings, both scriptural and nonscriptural, in the languages in which the Bible was originally composed—Hebrew, Aramaic, and Koine (“Hellenistic”) Greek—and in cognate languages.
13
11/11/2020 15:42:57
Musfirahkhawar7@gmail.com
8 / 10Musfirah khawar
The term "Renaissance" means rebirth, in a narrow sense it is used to describe the revival of interest in the classical civilizations of Greece & Rome. Renaissance was marked by a series of new developments in the field of art, literature, religion, philosophy, science & politics. Renaissance began with the rediscovery of Greco-Roman civilization which had been neglected during the middle ages. It emphasized reason, a questioning attitude, experimentation & free inquiry. This is contrasted with medieval concern with faith, authority & tradition. It glorified the individual & approved worldly pleasures, viewing life as worthwhile for its own sake, not chiefly as a preparation for the after-life.
It was an incredible time of beauty, blossoming with creativity and curiosity. The Renaissance era also witnessed the discovery and exploration of new continents, the growth of commerce, and the inventions of innovations such as paper, printing, the mariner's compass and gunpowder.
The new science of archeology writes J.W Thompson "not only furnished a valuable commentary to the classical revival it's contribute also to critical method and historical interpretation.
Humanists believed that a ‘dark age’ had set in after the collapse of the Roman Empire. Following them, later scholars assumed that a ‘new age’ had begun in Europe from the fourteenth century. The term ‘Middle Ages/Medieval Period’ was used for the millennium after the fall of Rome. They argued that in the ‘Middle Ages’ the Church had had such complete control over men’s minds that all the learning of the Greeks and Romans had been blotted out. The humanists used the word ‘modern’ for the period from the fifteenth century.
Philogical mean the study of literary texts and of written records, the establishment of their authenticity and their original form, and the determination of their meaning. Philological criticism, method of biblical criticism consisting mainly in the study of the biblical languages in their widest scope, so that the vocabulary, grammar, and style of biblical writings can be understood as accurately as possible. It includes the study of writings, both scriptural and nonscriptural, in the languages in which the Bible was originally composed—Hebrew, Aramaic, and Koine (“Hellenistic”) Greek—and in cognate languages.
14
11/11/2020 15:44:24
bakhtaweraslam525@gmail.com
5 / 10
Bakhtawer Aslam
The term "Renaissance" means rebirth, in a narrow sense it is used to describe the revival of interest in the classical civilizations of Greece & Rome. Renaissance was marked by a series of new developments in the field of art, literature, religion, philosophy, science & politics. The period served as a bridge between medieval & modern western Europe.
a cultural movement, the Renaissance encompassed innovative flowering of Latin and vernacular literatures, beginning with the 14th-century resurgence of learning based on classical sources, which contemporaries credited to Petrarch; the development of linear perspective and other techniques of rendering a more natural reality in painting; and gradual but widespread educational reform.
Thompson written in association with the Bhaktivedanta Institute of ISKCON. Cremo states that the book has "over 900 pages of well-documented evidence suggesting that modern man did not evolve from ape man, but instead has co-existed with apes for millions of years!", and that the scientific establishment has suppressed the fossil evidence of extreme human antiquity.
Humanistic historiography is a method in historiography based on the principles of humanism.The new style of (humanistic) historiography was established by the Florentine History of Bruni (published from 1416 to 1449), and certain characteristics of the model still determined the treatment of political history in Machiavelli's Istorie Firoentine, as well as his delimitation of political subject matter at large.
Philological criticism, method of biblical criticism consisting mainly in the study of the biblical languages in their widest scope, so that the vocabulary, grammar, and style of biblical writings can be understood as accurately as possible. It includes the study of writings, both scriptural and nonscriptural, in the languages in which the Bible was originally composed—Hebrew, Aramaic, and Koine (“Hellenistic”) Greek—and in cognate languages.
15
11/11/2020 15:44:37
mu1946305@gmail.com
8 / 10Maryam Imtiaz
The Renaissance was a fervent period of European cultural, artistic, political and economic “rebirth” following the Middle Ages. Generally described as taking place from the 14th century to the 17th century
It was an incredible time of beauty, blossoming with creativity and curiosity. The Renaissance era also witnessed the discovery and exploration of new continents, the growth of commerce, and the inventions of innovations such as paper, printing, the mariner's compass and gunpowder.
The new science of archeology writes J.W thompson " not only furnished a valuable commentary to the classical revival. It contributed also the critical method and historical interpretation".
Humanistic historiography is a method in historiography based on the principles of humanism. ... The humanistic concentration on the history of the republic in the Roman manner entailed the break with the Christian view of history. Humanists believed that a 'dark age' had set in after the collapse of the Roman Empire. Following them, later scholars assumed that a 'new age' had begun in Europe from the fourteenth century. The term 'Middle Ages/Medieval Period' was used for the millennium after the fall of Rome.
Philological criticism, method of biblical criticism consisting mainly in the study of the biblical languages in their widest scope, so that the vocabulary, grammar, and style of biblical writings can be understood as accurately as possible.
16
11/11/2020 15:45:16
kashaffatima149@gmail.com
10 / 10
Syeda kashaf fatima
Renaissance, (French: “Rebirth”) period in European civilization immediately following the Middle Ages and conventionally held to have been characterized by a surge of interest in Classical scholarship and values. The Renaissance also witnessed the discovery and exploration of new continents, the substitution of the Copernican for the Ptolemaic system of astronomy, the decline of the feudal system and the growth of commerce, and the invention or application of such potentially powerful innovations as paper, printing, the mariner’s compass, and gunpowder. To the scholars and thinkers of the day, however, it was primarily a time of the revival of Classical learning and wisdom after a long period of cultural decline and stagnation.
Closely related to the revival of interest in man and the world was a swing away from the medival christain tradition and gradually secularization of life and thought which was reflected in the lighting of history .theorilogical interpretations of history and the supernatural element in historiography dispeared as men cease to beleive in the operation of the providentail plan in their affair.history become purely mundane.monastic annales and chronicle universal histories ,lives of saint,bishops all went out fashion with emerged of lay historian.
J.W NOT ONLY furnished a valuable commentary to the classical revival it contributed also to critical method and historical interpretation.
Humanistic historiography is a method in historiography based on the principles of humanism. The humanistic concentration on the history of the republic in the Roman manner entailed the break with the Christian view of history.Humanists believe that human experience and rational thinking provide the only source of both knowledge and a moral code to live by. They reject the idea of knowledge 'revealed' to human beings by gods, or in special books.humanism sought its own philosophical bases in far earlier times and, moreover, continued to exert some of its power long after the end of the Renaissance.
Philosophy criticism was to liberate the history writing from the grip of tradition and blinding forces of the authority Lorenzo calls was set to prove the donation of constantine had been a forgery. It was authority of an document was temporal power of paper had largely reposed the philosophy criticism had to be conclusion that the history setting which along with the document was a forgery.
17
11/11/2020 15:47:45
mohainabbas904@gmail.com
7 / 10Anmol Abbas Ali
"Renaissance" is a French word meaning "rebirth".The term Renaissance literally means to be born again, which is the reason why it is referred to as a rebirth. The word rebirth regarding the Renaissance can mean two different things: one refers to the rediscovery of ancient classics and its applications in art and science, and another could simply mean the revitalization of European culture.
Closely relative to revival interest on man and the world was a swing away from the medieval Christmas tradition and gradually seclarization of life which effected to the writing of history.here is the survival of lay school right down from Roman times. The cities Lombardy, piedmont, and tuscany were independent.public office were elective and the very intensity of local issues and party strife made for an intense realistic history writing.
Archaeology is fundamentally the study of humanity and its past. Archaeologists study things that were created, used or changed by humans. ... In doing so, archaeologists find evidence that sheds light on what our future may bring.The new science of archeology writes J.W Thompson "not only furnished a valuable commentary to the classical revival it's contribute also to critical method and historical interpretation.
Recent debate about the history of historiography and the nature of history has tended to polarise between the postmodernist view and various more ‘conservative’ positions. This article critically examines a recent contribution to the debate, Ann Curthoys’ and John Docker’s Is History Fiction?, and proposes an alternative way of understanding the history of historiography that reveals the nature of history in a very different light.
Philological criticism, method of biblical criticism consisting mainly in the study of the biblical languages in their widest scope, so that the vocabulary, grammar, and style of biblical writings can be understood as accurately as possible.Philological and textual criticism: the study of literature as an aid to tracing the origins of words, the evolution of languages, and the establishment of accurate texts of authors' works, rather than reading the literature as a subject of study which had its own, non-linguistic interests.
18
11/11/2020 16:11:12
maryamgondal05@gmail.com
9 / 10Maryam Fatima
Renaissance, (French: “Rebirth”) period in European civilization immediately following the Middle Ages and conventionally held to have been characterized by a surge of interest in Classical scholarship and values. The Renaissance also witnessed the discovery and exploration of new continents, the substitution of the Copernican for the Ptolemaic system of astronomy, the decline of the feudal system and the growth of commerce, and the invention or application of such potentially powerful innovations as paper, printing, the mariner’s compass, and gunpowder. To the scholars and thinkers of the day, however, it was primarily a time of the revival of Classical learning and wisdom after a long period of cultural decline and stagnation.
Closely relative to revivel interest on man and the world was a swing away from the medieval Christmas tradition and gradually seclarization of life which effected to the writing of history here is the survival of lay school right down from Roman times. The cities Lombardy, piedmont, and tuscany were independent.public office were elective and the very intensity of local issues and party strife made for an intense realistic history writing.
According to J.W "the new science of archaeology not only furnished a valuable commentary to the classical revival,it contributed also to critical method and historical interpretation.
Humanists believe that human experience and rational thinking provide the only source of both knowledge and a moral code to live by. They reject the idea of knowledge 'revealed' to human beings by gods, or in special books.
Philosophy criticism was to liberate the history writing from the grip of tradition and blinding forces of the authority Lorenzo calls was set to prove the donation of constantine had been a forgery. It was authority of an document was temporal power of paper had largely reposed the philosophy criticism had to be conclusion that the history setting which along with the document was a forgery.
19
11/11/2020 17:18:45
khadijaalikhan3@gmail.com
6 / 10Khadija Ali Khan
The term "Renaissance" means rebirth, in a narrow sense it is used to describe the revival of interest in the classical civilizations of Greece & Rome. Renaissance was marked by a series of new developments in the field of art, literature, religion, philosophy, science & politics. Renaissance began with the rediscovery of Greco-Roman civilization which had been neglected during the middle ages. It emphasized reason, a questioning attitude, experimentation & free inquiry. This is contrasted with medieval concern with faith, authority & tradition. It glorified the individual & approved worldly pleasures, viewing life as worthwhile for its own sake, not chiefly as a preparation for the after-life.
It was an incredible time of beauty, blossoming with creativity and curiosity. The Renaissance era also witnessed the discovery and exploration of new continents, the growth of commerce, and the inventions of innovations such as paper, printing, the mariner's compass and gunpowder.
The new science of archeology writes J.W Thompson "not only furnished a valuable commentary to the classical revival it's contribute also to critical method and historical interpretation.
Humanists believed that a ‘dark age’ had set in after the collapse of the Roman Empire. Following them, later scholars assumed that a ‘new age’ had begun in Europe from the fourteenth century. The term ‘Middle Ages/Medieval Period’ was used for the millennium after the fall of Rome. They argued that in the ‘Middle Ages’ the Church had had such complete control over men’s minds that all the learning of the Greeks and Romans had been blotted out. The humanists used the word ‘modern’ for the period from the fifteenth century.
Philogical mean the study of literary texts and of written records, the establishment of their authenticity and their original form, and the determination of their meaning. Philological criticism, method of biblical criticism consisting mainly in the study of the biblical languages in their widest scope, so that the vocabulary, grammar, and style of biblical writings can be understood as accurately as possible. It includes the study of writings, both scriptural and nonscriptural, in the languages in which the Bible was originally composed—Hebrew, Aramaic, and Koine (“Hellenistic”) Greek—and in cognate languages.
20
11/11/2020 18:40:31
malihadogar123@gmail.com
9 / 10Maliha
Renaissance, (French: “Rebirth”) period in European civilization immediately following the Middle Ages and conventionally held to have been characterized by a surge of interest in Classical scholarship and values. The Renaissance also witnessed the discovery and exploration of new continents, the substitution of the Copernican for the Ptolemaic system of astronomy, the decline of the feudal system and the growth of commerce, and the invention or application of such potentially powerful innovations as paper, printing, the mariner’s compass, and gunpowder. To the scholars and thinkers of the day, however, it was primarily a time of the revival of Classical learning and wisdom after a long period of cultural decline and stagnation.
Closely relative to revivel interest on man and the world was a swing away from the medieval Christmas tradition and gradually seclarization of life which effected to the writing of history.here is the survival of lay school right down from Roman times. The cities Lombardy, piedmont, and tuscany were independent.public office were elective and the very intensity of local issues and party strife made for an intense realistic history writing.
J.W not only furnished a valuable commentary to the classical revival,it contributed also to critical method and historical interpretation.
Humanists believe that human experience and rational thinking provide the only source of both knowledge and a moral code to live by. They reject the idea of knowledge 'revealed' to human beings by gods, or in special books.
Philosophy criticism was to liberate the history writing from the grip of tradition and blinding forces of the authority Lorenzo calls was set to prove the donation of constantine had been a forgery. It was authority of an document was temporal power of paper had largely reposed the philosophy criticism had to be conclusion that the history setting which along with the document was a forgery.
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