|Name||AA%||Primary Use||Yield||Storage (HSI%)*||Powdery mildew||Downy mildew & other Peronospora||Verticillium wilt||Aphids & other insects||Viral infections||Climate & Growing Conditions||Aroma & flavor notes||Other notes||Sustitution||Traditional |
|Brewer's Gold||6-10||Bittering||High||Poor |
|Unclear - See "Other notes"||Unclear - See "Other notes".|
|Unclear - See "Other notes". |
|Black currant, fruity, spicy.|
"Has a resiny, spicy aroma/flavor with hints of black currant. "
"Sharp bittering hop"
|"Highly susceptible to all hop diseases" (but that may apply only in Germany - unclear).||Northern Brewer, Galena, Chinook, Nugget, Bullion||English Ales, Golden Ale, Pale Ale, Bitter, German Lagers, Lambic, Pilsner. Biere de Guard, Saison|
|Canadian Redvine||5-6||Aroma||High||Good, Very Good||"Moderately resistant"||Does well in cooler climates. "Exceptionally vigorous"||"Moderate disease resistance"|
"Comparable to the highly popular Cascade."
|"Moderate disease resistance"|
"Comparable to the highly popular Cascade."
"Resistant in the crown, moderately susceptible in shoots and cones flowers"
|"Partly tolerant". "Moderately resistant "||"Highly susceptible to aphids", "Prone to insects"||Not seriously affected by prunus necrotic ring-spot virus||All climates. |
Very hardy, including in hot climates.
|Medium intensity aroma, floral, citrus and grapefruit tones. |
"Delightful spicy, flowery, citrus".
"Flowery and citrusy can have a grapefruit note"
|Provides a unique floral/spicy character to beer. An aroma variety with well balanced bittering potential. "Ratio of alpha/beta similar to European aroma hops."||Amarillo, Centennial, Summit, possibly Columbus||American-Style Ales, especially Pale Ale, IPA,|
Porter, Barley wines; Witbier.
|"Moderately resistant"||"Moderately resistant". "Susceptible"||"Moderately resistant", "Somewhat". "Susceptible"||Yes: "No visible reaction to viruses"||All climates||Bittering hop with some floral and citrus aroma qualities. Medium intensity. "Strong citrus aroma".|
"Floral, citrus aroma, spicy, clean bittering flavor"
|"Sometimes referred to as a super Cascade". A cross between a Brewer’s Gold and Fuggle.||Cascade, Columbus, Amarillo, Summit||Pale Ale, English Ales, American Ales, American Wheat|
"All ale styles, has been used with wheat beer also"
|"Reasonable resistance", vs."Susceptible"||"Reasonable",|
|Tolerant.||Yes, high tolerance. "some resistance to hop aphid and two-spotted spider mite."||Tolerant to infection with prunus necrotic ring-spot virus, susceptible to hop mosaic virus||Medium intensity aroma, spicy, piney, subtle grapefruit. "Slightly spicy and very piney."||"Highly acceptable beer aroma profile, smooth bitterness, full flavor."|
"Strong versitile bittering hop."
|Galena, Eroica, Brewer's Gold, Nugget, Columbus, Northern Brewer, Eroica||US Style Pale Ale, IPA, Stout, Porter, Barley Wine,|
|Cluster||5.5-8.5||Dual||Good to very good||Excellent, among the best|
|No - "Very susceptible"||Not seriously affected by Prunus necrotic ring-spot virus.||"Strong, floral and spicy".|
"An excellent general purpose hop with medium and well balanced bittering potential and no undesirable aroma properties." "floral bouquet… a nice mix between earthy flavors and sweet fuits." "Sharp aroma and sharp flavor"
|Oldest hop veriety grown in the US. "Once the dominant grown U.S. hop, now considered a minor hop." |
|Galena, Chinook, Eroica, Cascade||Ales (aroma), Lagers (bittering) and stout, often used in reproduction of historical US beer styles. "used in heavier beers, such as Porter, Stouts and Barley Wines"|
|"Susceptible"||Resistant.||No||Grows well in hot, dry climates.||Intense pungent aroma, used primarily as a bittering hop. Also great for dry hopping.||"Columbus has a very high amount of total oils, and can impart a 'resiny' quality to a beer." Trade name = Tomahawk, and very similar to Zeus. Together the three form "CTZ" group.||Centennial, Chinook, Galena, Nugget, Magnum, Northern Brewer, Warrior, Millenium, CTZ||US IPA, US Pale Ale, Stout, Barley Wine, Lager (Bittering)|
|Crystal||3-6||Aroma||Low to moderate||Fair.|
Fair to good
|Resistant.||"free of all major hop viruses at the time of its release"||Mild, floral and spicy aroma. "Spicier than Hallertau (cinnamon, black pepper, and nutmeg)"|
"Mild spicy and flowery"
|Similar oil profile as Hallertauer mittelfrueh; pleasant continental-type aroma; suitable for flavoring beers and ales when Hallertaur-type aroma is desired."||Hallertauer, Mount Hood, Liberty, Ultra, Tettnanger, Strisselspalt||Pilsner, Lager, Kölsch, ESB, Alt, Belgian-Style|
|Fuggle||4-5.5||Aroma||Low to moderate||Fair to good|
|No, Yes (very conflicting information!). "Susceptible", "Resistant"||Yes.|
|"not excessively sensitive to insects"||"Not seriously affected by prunus necrotic ring-spot virus"||Great in damp climates, suffers a little in hot climates||Mild and pleasant aroma. |
"Mild, woody and fruity."
"Mild, soft, grassy, floral aroma"
|Traditional aroma hop with mild, balanced bitterness. |
"Fuggle has slowly been replaced with Willamette".
|Willamette, Styrian Goldings, Tettnanger||all ales, dark lagers|
Any English-style beer or American ale, Lambic
|Galena||10-14.0||Bittering, Dual||High||Good, Very Good|
|No, "Very susceptible". Commercial acrage declining" "Slightly susceptible"||"Moderate tolerance", "Some resistance"||Resistant. vs|
|susceptible to aphids||Depends - there is a virus-free strain. Otherwise, no.||Hints of citrus. |
"Strong, clean, balanced bittering"
|"Galena is the most "mellow" hop of the high-alpha varieties". Balanced bittering properties, combined with an acceptable aroma profile. Medium but pleasant hoppiness.||Cluster, Northern Brewer, Nugget, Brewers Gold, Chinook, Eroica, Newport||Ale, porter, stout, ESB, bitter|
|"Needs plant protectants".|
|"Needs plant protectants". |
|Mild & pleasant, candy- like aroma, smooth hoppy". "Pleasant hoppiness mild"||"An excellent new variety with balanced bittering properties combined with a good aroma profile." "American Fuggle descendant."||Willamette, Fuggle, Tettnanger, Styrian Goldings||Pale Ale, ESB, Bitter, English-Style Pale Ale, Porter, Stout|
|4-6||Aroma||Moderate||Fair to good|
|No||No||"Sensitive to wilt"||"highly sensitive to Hop Mosaic Virus infection."||Mild, moist climates, does ok in hot climates.||Mild, delicate, classic English-type aroma. "Delicate, gentle, fragrant"||East Kent Goldings, Fuggles, Styrian Golding, Willamette||All English-style beers, esp. Bitters and Pale Ales, Belgian-Style Ales, Barley Wine|
|No? See notes.|
|No? See notes.|
|No||"Fairly sensitive to insects"||Can display reaction to Prunus necrotic ring-spot virus infection.||Slightly flowery and spicy very mild.|
Pleaseant, mild spicy flavor, clean, neutral flavor
|"Rapidly disappearing due to disease susceptibility". "Gradually being replaced by Liberty & Mt. Hood."||Mt. Hood, Liberty, Crystal, Ultra, Tettnanger, Vangaurd, Tradition||German style lager, Pilsner, Bock, Wheat, Kölsch, Munich|
Helles, Belgian-Style Ales
|"Moderately resistant"||Floral, spicy.|
|Provides excellent sensory bitterness and hoppy aroma in beer; considered a multipurpose hop.||Magnum||All purpose for Ales, Lagers|
|Liberty||3-6.5||Aroma||Low to moderate||Fair, "Average-to-good"|
|no||"Moderate tolerance", "Moderate resistance"||"Unknown, probably tolerant".|
|"free of major hop viruses"||Mild climates, but can grow in hot climates. "Adapted to OR and WA,|
poorly adapted in southern Idaho"
|Mild, slightly spicy aroma. "Spicy (cinnamon), resiny, and slightly sweet."||"Pleasant floral character." Hallertauer descendant, so shares similarities.||Hallertauer, Mt. Hood, Crystal, Ultra, Tettnanger||German style lagers|
"Lager, pilsner, bock, wheat"
|Yes||All climates||"No distinct aroma characters – considered a clean bittering hop". "Some spice and citrus aroma"||Hallertauer hybrid.||Horizon, Newport, Northern Brewer, CTZ, Nugget||All beers, particularly lager, pilsner, stout. "German ales and lagers"|
|Mt. Hood||4-8||Aroma||Moderate to high||Poor |
|"Unknown, probably tolerant "|
|"free of major hop viruses"||"Does not grow well in hot dry areas." "All climates". "Adapted to OR and WA, not adapted to southern ID"||Hallertauer-like aroma: mild, pleasant, herbal and clean. Somewhat pungent.||Hallertauer hybrid that is more disease resistant. Frequently used in styles that require only a subtle hop aroma (German/American lagers).||Hallertauer, Liberty, Tettnang, Ultra, Crystal, Strisselspalt||German style lagers.|
"Lager, Pilsner, Bock, US Wheat, Alt, Munich Helles"
|Yes||Yes||Yes? "multi-disease resistant"||Mild aroma, primarily a strong bittering hop.|
"Mild, fairly pungent"
|Bred to replace Galena with better resistance to mildews.||Galena, Nugget, Fuggle, Magnum||Ales, Stout, Barley Wine|
|Northern Brewer||7-10||Dual||Low to moderate||Good, Very Good|
|"Has resistance to aphids and mites."||No||Can be difficult to establish and maintain in marginal growing sites. "Adequate in temperate climates but has difficulty|
growing when under heat stress."
|Medium intensity aroma: Evergreen, wood and mint overtones, "Woody/earthy/fruity aroma and flavor." |
"Fine, dry, clean bittering hop. Unique flavor."
|True dual purpose hop. "Not grown commercially in the U.S. because of low yields." |
Also called Hallertauer Northern Brewers.
|Perle, Nugget, Chinook, Columbus, Bullion, Styrian Aurora, Galena, Magnum||ESB, bitter, English pale ale, porter, California (steam) beer.|
"All English-styles especially Porter, American Ales, Kölsch, Munich Helles"
|Yes, "Somewhat"||Yes, |
"Moderate to good
|Yes. "Sensitive"||susceptible to|
|Tolerant to prunus necrotic ring-spot virus||All climates.|
"Adapted to WA, OR and ID."
|Good aroma profile: herbal and pleasant.|
"Floral, resiny aroma".
|Galena, Chinook, Cluster, Brewers Gold, Warrior, Eroica, Target, Millenium||Light lager.|
|"Fairly resistant". "Moderately susceptible"||"Moderate tolerance", "Fairly resistant".|
|Tolerant to prunus necrotic ring-spot virus||"Does not like hot weather".||A hop with ‘German type’ aroma properties: clean, slightly spicy with floral tones. Medium intensity.|
"slightly spicy, pleasant aroma, minty"
|Moderate bittering potential. Good dual-purpose. Descendent of Northern Brewer.||Northern Brewer, Cluster, Tettnanger, Challenger||Pale Ale, Porter, Stout, Lager, Weizen, Alt, Barley|
"Fair to good".
|"Susceptible".||moderately resistant. "Susceptible".|
|Sensitive.||Prone to virus|
symptoms under certain conditions
|"High ambient temp = lower yield".|
Difficult hop to grow. Yields can vary greatly from
year to year.
|Mild, spicy and earthy.|
Spicy and earthy mild, pleasant hoppy notes.
"Delicate, mild, clean, somewhat floral -- Noble hops"
|"Recent hybridization has attempted to improve its disease resistance". "Being replaced by Sterling."||Tettnang, Spalt, Ultra "(some would claim there is no substitute)", Sterling, Ultra, Vanguard||Bohemian style lagers.|
"Pilsner, Lager, US Wheat, Belgian Ales, Bitter"
|Santiam||5-8||Aroma||Moderate, Good||Fair. |
Poor to fair. Average.
|"Tolerant to resistant"||"Moderately resistant". |
|"Moderately susceptible", "tolerant"||All climates||Excellent herbal, noble hop notes. |
"Santiam has noble aroma hop characteristics most similar to Tettnanger"
|"Santiam was bred from Tettnang, Hallertau, and a cultivar derived from Cascade." Being used as a replacement for imported Tettnanger.||Tettnanger, Spalt, Liberty, Hallertau, Spalt Select||Lager, US Ales, Pilsner, Tripel and other Belgians, Kölsch, Bock, Munich Helles|
|Spalt Select||3.5-6||Aroma||Low to Moderate||Good|
|"Moderately resistant"||Yes||Yes. "Tolerant"||Yes||Floral and spicy, fine aroma.|
"Very fine, spalt aroma"
|Similar to Tettnanger and Saaz. "Imported as a replacement of Spalter and Tettnanger"||Saaz, Tettnang, Ultra, Santiam, Liberty, Hallertau||German lagers, Pilsner|
|"Moderately resistant"||"no symptoms observed in OR test plots"||Yes||Herbal and spicy with a hint of floral and citrus. "Excellent noble hop aroma and smooth bitterness." "Flavor is a cross between Saaz and Mt Hood"||A Saaz hybrid, generally considered a favorable Saaz replacement. "A cross between Saaz and Mount Hood in character but easier to grow."||Saaz, Lublin||Pilsner and other Lagers, Ales and Belgian-Style|
|Summit||16-18||Bittering||Very good||Excellent |
|Yes||"strong aroma profile that includes citrus and grapefruit notes."|
"a superior bittering hop with earth aromatic notes and a subtle hint of citrus."
|Summit is a high alpha variety of recent origin that was bred by the American Dwarf Hop Association … first U.S. high alpha variety that can be grown commercially on low and high trellis.||CTZ, Warrior, Millennium, Simcoe|
|Sunbeam||4-5||Aroma||Low to Good||Fair||Yes. |
|Yes||Prefers filtered sun/partial shade||Saaz hybrid. Also a nice ornamental. "Sensitive to direct sunlight in midsummer… this variety is best grown in semi-shaded areas"|
|3-6||Aroma||Low to Moderate||Good|
|Moderately resistant. "Susceptible."||"Moderate tolerance", "Moderately resistant".|
|Yes||"sensitive to insects and mites"||Somewhat susceptible. Can have "reaction to Prunus necrotic ring-spot virus"||Mild and slightly spicy aroma. |
"Slightly spicy mild and pleasant".
"Noble, mild, fine, slightly spicy"
|A true noble hop. Strains grown in the US often closer to Fuggle than German Tettnanger.||Saaz, Spalt, Ultra. Hallertau, Liberty, Fuggle||German ales and lagers, American lagers, wheat|
|Ultra||3-5||Aroma||High||Good. "Good to Very Good"|
|Moderately resistant||Moderately resistant||Yes||"Very good yields in cooler growing areas." "Good in OR and WA; not adapted to southern Idaho.||"It has a peppery, spicy aroma similar to Saaz." |
"Similar to Hallertau."
"Good to outstanding aroma - some Saaz like qualities"
|"Prized by craft brewers because of its Hallertauer -like aroma and pleasant bitterness."|
It is a half-sister to Mt. Hood, Liberty, and Crystal.
|Any Noble hop (Hallertau, Saaz, etc), Crystal, Liberty, Mt. Hood||Pilsner and German style lagers. "Lager, Pilsner, Wheat, Finish hops in ales"|
|Vanguard||5-6||Aroma||Moderate to high||Good|
|"Yes". "Moderate to good resistance". "Moderately susceptible"||Resistant||Provides excellent "noble" aromatic notes. |
"Strong aromatic notes"
|Descendent of Hallertau.||Saaz, Hallertauer||European lagers, ales|
|Vojvodina||6.1-10.5%||Dual||Very good||Very good||Yes||"unknown but probably tolerant"||"A higher AA noble hop". |
"Noble hop tones more pronounced than Northern Brewer"
|Descendent of Northern Brewer and Golding, but "more hardy than Goldings". "Reddish coloration on the main stem". "Hard to pronounce"||None currently, but "Potential for a wide range of beers and styles"|
|Willamette||4-7||Aroma||Moderate. Good.||Fair, "Average-to-good"|
"Fair resistance". "Some susceptibility"
|"Susceptible" "Moderately susceptible to tolerant"||Yes.|
"No visible reaction to Prunus necrotic ring-spot virus."
|All climates||"Mild and pleasant aroma, slightly spicy." More fruity than Fuggle and has some floral notes... similar to Ahtanum||"Willamette is a good disease resistant variety". Based on English Fuggle. "Used as Fuggle replacement by a major U.S. brewer."||Fuggle, Styrian Golding, Target, Tettnanger, Glacier||American & British style ales.|
Pale ale, ESB, bitter, English-style ale, porter, stout.
|No: "Moderately susceptible"||No: "Moderately susceptible"||Aromatic, pleasant, and intense aroma.||"A high powered hop on steroids!". Similar or identical to Columbus, Tomahawk. Together form "CTZ".||Other high alpha hops||(See Columbus)|
|*HSI = Hop Stability Index: amount of alpha acid potential lost in 6 months when the hops are stored at a constant 60*F). Lower = better. Source: BeerSmith & "HGA Variety Manual - English (updated March 2011).pdf"|
|http://www.hopsteiner.com/varieties/unitedstates.html (other regions available also)||http://brewerssupplygroup.com/FileCabinet/TheBreeding_Varieties%5B1%5D.pdf|
|* = Recommended for more detailed info (beta acids, cohumulone, oils, etc)|
|I put together a spreadsheet to help me choose which hops I should start growing. The idea was to create a central repository for my hops research. I was tired of joumping around from website to website and not being able to compare their info. I hope you find this useful.|
|Please contact me (email@example.com) if you have any suggestions, edits, comments, critiques, praise, etc.|
|A few notes:|
|Why isn't every hop known to humankind included in this list?|
I concentrated my efforts on hops that can be bought, and grown, in North America. I ignored European varieties, and proprietary (registered) plants that are not currently available to the public. Please let me know if I've missed any that fit the above criteria.
|Wait, there are two values/answers in one cell! And they don't agree with each other!|
This simply indicated that there isn't a consensus in the literature. Essentially, two authors disagree. Since I'm not an expert I thought it best to include both points of view. I've tried to separate information from different sources by putting them on different lines (soft breaks).
|Why are your AA% ranges bigger than what that I've seen elsewhere?|
My numbers represent the widest range I came across. For example, if one source said 7-10%, and another said 9-12%, I would put down 7-12 (lowest and highest of both). Chances are good that any hops you grow will fall within that range.
|What's the deal with the "Yes" and "No" in the Resistance section?|
"Yes" means that the variety has resistance, "no" means that it is susceptible to that disease. Yes = good, no = potentially bad.
|Why do some entries have question marks after them?|
A question mark indicated that the information is implied, but not explicit. For example, a variety might have "good disease resistance" - this implies that it is likely resistant to powdery mildew, but there is no guarantee that it is. Consider a questions mark as a "probably".
|Why are some cells blank?|
Because I couldn't find any information on that topic, for that variety.
|Shouldn't you be working?|
Shouldn't you be picking out which hops to grow, instead of asking me awkward questions?
|This spreadsheet shouldn't be your only source of information during the hops selection process. Even more valuable are the insights of those who have grown hops, especially in your region. There are plenty of online forums where you can ask for suggestions like HomeBrewTalk (http://www.homebrewtalk.com/f92/).|
|Happy growing, and may it lead to happy brewing!|
|20120122: Original version|
|20120123: Added some details to hops and stopped using the term "varietal".|
|20120124: Added Santiam. Moved aroma notes into its own column. Added "Climate" column. Added a lot of information from Freshop's USDA description page.|
|20120207: removed palisade and athanum (both are proprietary), added Vojvodina. Added "Sustitution" and "Traditional beer styles" (I don't personally find these very useful, but they were requested). Filled in various bits of information on disease resistance and storability as I came across it.|
|20120302: added Cluster (per 4x4jeep74's request) and Summit (previously proprietary, now available to the public! - thanks MarkT). Added HSI% to storage column. Added various aroma and beer style notes.|