Snow trip or course RAMS
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TimestampRisksHazardsSignificantControls
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20/04/2012 21:39:05Unfit Students struggles on the tripThe student slows down or gets over tired and gets susceptible to a number of hazardsNoConfirm students fitness prior to going on trip and modifying the trip
Watch the students energy levels and adjust group speed as required
Have plenty of food stops to keep energy up
Carry some of the students gear
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20/04/2012 21:40:51Coming on trips without the basic gear neededThe student cant cover the normal conditions in the snow. In an extreme state may cause the trip to be cancelledYesMake sure the student is given a gear list prior to the trip
Talk to the students and parents about the gear
Use club gear if available
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20/04/2012 21:45:41Wet weatherStudents get wet then cold, their gear gets wet and they are cold until the trip ends.YesMake sure the student has water proof bags in their packs (take spares)
Make sure the students have a good rain coat
Make sure the students have over trousers
Make sure the student has gators
Make sure the students have try clothes to get into at the end of the day
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20/04/2012 21:50:47Cold weatherThe students get cold and need to be taken out or kept in a dry warm areaYesMake sure the students take gear for cold weather
If its cold, check that the students are not getting to cold
Get them to put more gear on, if needed
Get them to eat more and to have a hot drink if possible
cancel the trip if needbe
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20/04/2012 21:54:43Snow conditions is hardThe students may not be skilled to walk in snow and fallYesPrior to taking students on tramps where there is snow, provide snow 1 lesions in a safe environment (Tararua lodge)
Instructors talk amongst themselves on the risk of snow travel and the terrain
Turn back or cancel the trip
Take a different route
Make sure students have helmets
Keep an eye on the students
Cut steps for students
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20/04/2012 22:03:31Snow conditions are avalanche proneThe students are caught in an avalancheYesPrior to taking students on tramps where there is snow, provide snow 1 lesions in a safe environment (Tararua lodge)
Instructors talk amongst themselves on the risk of snow travel and the terrain
Turn back or cancel the trip
Take a different route (ridges)
Make sure students have helmets
Take avo gear, fit students with Avo transceivers, probes and spades. Then teach them how to use them.
Check Avo report each morning
Keep students in patrolled areas if the AVO risk is above Moderate
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20/04/2012 22:05:51Students get sun burntThe students get sun burnt and are in painNoGet students to bring suntan lotion
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20/04/2012 22:08:08Students get sun blindedThe student is in pain and can't see noGet the students to take sun glasses
Give the student pain killers
get the student into a dark area
Apply cold pads
Keep eyes clean
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23/04/2012Student is injured while in the snowStudent can't continue tramping at all or without assistanceYesTake first aid kit
One instructor goes for help while the other looks after the students.
Insulate the student from the ground and cover to keep warm
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23/04/2012Students get separated from group and lostStudent is lot for days or not found at allYesMake sure the party stay grouped
Stop the tramp, identify when the student was last with the group
Talk to the students about what to do if they get lost. STOP.
Get S&R involved
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29/04/2012The weather forces the trip to stay extra nights in the bushFood starts to run out and Parents become concernedNoTake extra food
Call parents as soon as back in cellphone range
Call chief guide as soon as back in cellphone range
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29/04/2012A student falls on an exposed areaStudent is badly injured or diesNoHelp students through exposed and dangerous areas that can't be avoided
Call S&R in
insulate the student from the ground and keep warm
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29/04/2012Students is frightened by the environmentStudent is discouraged from tramping in the futureNoTalk to the student often and help them where possible
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29/08/2012Student gets very cold/wetDidn't bring sufficient clothing on the day. Clothing brought but not worn.Yes1) Brief students/parents on clothing requirements,
2) Instructors to monitor student comfort levels,
3) Leader to curtail or cancel session if students are becoming cold and do not have sufficient clothing for the day.
4) Leader to organise warm drinks (flask or stove)?
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29/08/2012Student gets hypothermiaStudent dies or takes a long time to recoverYesAsk students if they are warm, if its cold,
Look for symptoms, get the student to put more cloths on, get them to eat something, get them to drink a warm (not hot) drink, get the student into a warm environment, get them out of wet clothes, etc
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18/08/2013Student gets hypoglycemiaStudent dies or takes a long time to recoverYesLook for symptoms, get the students to eat regularly to make sure they keep their sugar levels up
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29/08/2012The trip is late in getting outParents become concernedNoCall parents as soon as back in cellphone range
Call chief guide as soon as back in cellphone rang
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29/08/2012Gets burnt on by fire or potbellyStudent gets burns to their body and are in painNotake pain killers
put burnt area in cold water eg river or cold water in a pot
if real bad get S&R to take the student out
Make sure the students where boots around cooker
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29/08/2012Medical emergencyasthma attack, diabetic, etc.YesCheck for medical conditions in consent form. Ensure instructors are aware of medical conditions (circulate a student list on the day). Get them to carry medicine if required
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29/08/2012dehydration/low blood sugar no water or food source, exercise and heatNoensure students have adequate water and food, and drink regularly
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21/06/2013Students crampons come offStudents have incorrect boots crampon match
Crampons aren't attached to boots correctly
YesTeach student how to self arrest
Check boots, fit boots to crampons for student,
Check how the students have tide the crampons to boots
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21/06/2013Students drop ice axeHolding the ice axe incorrectlyYesShow students how to hold ice axe
Carry spare ice axe
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28/09/2013Student gets hypoglycemiaStudent dies or takes a long time to recoverYesmake sure the student eats regularly to keep sugar level up
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Nigel S doc framework
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