MCR Labs - History of Cannabis Use
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6000 B.C.ChinaIn China, cannabis seeds and oil were used in food.4,+they+put+cannabis+seeds+and+oil+in+their+food.&source=bl&ots=BngS-2gEqT&sig=EFISHXD2Mm-cQxaNtTOYIn-46ZQ&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiepLDD0N_VAhXIT7wKHXNjCSYQ6AEILzAB#v=onepage&q=China%206000%20B.C.In%20China%2C%20they%20put%20cannabis%20seeds%20and%20oil%20in%20their%20food.&f=falseLegend:
4000 B.C.ChinaIn China, textiles were made of hemp. (Pharmacotheon),+people+had+been+using+textiles+that+were+made+of+hemp.&source=bl&ots=il6U_UIiwL&sig=VMkBIqZly2U1p_4LcsLRkzMYCR8&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjA7726mOzVAhXGHJQKHTEpAR44ChDoAQgnMAE#v=onepage&q=4000%20B.C.%20In%20China%2C%20people%20had%20been%20using%20textiles%20that%20were%20made%20of%20hemp.&f=falseCHECKED
2737 B.C.ChinaAccording to a Chinese legend, the mystical Chinese Emperor Shen Neng used marijuana to treat illnesses including malaria, gout, poor memory, and rheumatism.,8599,1931247,00.html
2000 B.C.South KoreaCoastal farmers from China brought cannabis to Korea.
2000-1400 B.C.IndiaIn India, cannabis was mixed into special drinks that were used for recreational and medical purposes.
1500 B.C.
The healing purposes of Cannabis was recorded in history
1550 B.C.EgyptCannabis was noted to treat inflammation in the Ancient Egypt’s Ebers Papyrus.
1450 B.C.A Holy Anointing Oil made from Cannabis is referenced in the Book of Exodus.
1213 B.C.Cannabis pollen was found on the mummified body of Ramesses II, who died in 1213 BC. Cannabis had been prescribed in Ancient Egypt as a treatment for inflammation, enemas, and cooling of uterus.,+Inflammation,+and+Enemas&source=bl&ots=W_RZjyHyT6&sig=QmhIbmpftAGQWf1E029COfK2dM8&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjH95D419_VAhWEWrwKHfZVC6MQ6AEIVzAJ#v=onepage&q=1213%20BC&f=false
1000 B.C.ChinaChinese people used hemp fiber for fabrics, ropes, and fishing nets.,+ropes,+and+fishing+nets+made+of+hemp.&source=bl&ots=dSLpnkSsYU&sig=HWajPjt4-iRCVKxEsLinVIJmwAw&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiUgp2HpOzVAhVOv5QKHXuwBdMQ6AEIYDAN#v=onepage&q=The%20people%20in%20China%20used%20fabrics%2C%20ropes%2C%20and%20fishing%20nets%20made%20of%20hemp.&f=false
1000 B.C.IndiaBhang, a drink made of cannabis and milk became popular in India, and was used as an anesthetic and anti-phlegmatic.,+a+Drink+of+Cannabis+and+Milk,+Is+Used+in+India+as+an+Anesthetic.&source=bl&ots=W_RZjyJwS8&sig=12vzVs0_cjZEvw1BorwYZ2w5Qxk&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjiuKfO3t_VAhXGULwKHW4iAR0Q6AEIRTAF#v=onepage&q=1000%20B.C.%20India%20Bhang%2C%20a%20Drink%20of%20Cannabis%20and%20Milk%2C%20Is%20Used%20in%20India%20as%20an%20Anesthetic.&f=false
700 B.C.Middle EastCannabis was listed in the Venidad, claimed to be written by Zoroaster, the founder of Zoroastrianism, as the most important medicinal plant out of 10,000 others.,+one+of+the+volumes+of+the+Zend-Avesta,+the+ancient+Persian+religious+text+written+around+the+seventh+century+BC+purportedly+by+Zoroaster+(or+Zarathustra),+the+founder+of+Zoroastrianism,+and+heavily+influenced+by+the+Vedas,+mentions+bhang+and+lists+cannabis+as+the+most+important+of+10,000+medicinal+plants&source=bl&ots=ICFts6MMd5&sig=z5NOvW_nV2lfpNFSKpX_WFBEMas&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjHvbrAqezVAhUJkZQKHSbCAKwQ6AEILTAC#v=onepage&q=The%20Venidad%2C%20one%20of%20the%20volumes%20of%20the%20Zend-Avesta%2C%20the%20ancient%20Persian%20religious%20text%20written%20around%20the%20seventh%20century%20BC%20purportedly%20by%20Zoroaster%20(or%20Zarathustra)%2C%20the%20founder%20of%20Zoroastrianism%2C%20and%20heavily%20influenced%20by%20the%20Vedas%2C%20mentions%20bhang%20and%20lists%20cannabis%20as%20the%20most%20important%20of%2010%2C000%20medicinal%20plants&f=false
600 B.C.IndiaAccording to the Ayurvedic (Indian Medicine) treatise of Sushruta Samhita, cannabis can be a cure for leprosy.
500-100 B.C.Northern EuropeCannabis started to spread throughout Northern Europe.
200 B.C.Greece
Cannabis had been used as a remedy for earache, edema, and inflammation in ancient Greece.,+cannabis+is+used+as+a+remedy+for+earache,+edema,+and+inflammation.&source=bl&ots=W_RZjyMtVe&sig=Mqui86rzKxHKASGpycKFwk5_Q-Y&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjrhe7m6N_VAhXCS7wKHXFpDbAQ6AEIOjAD#v=onepage&q=200%20B.C.%20Greece%20In%20ancient%20Greece%2C%20cannabis%20is%20used%20as%20a%20remedy%20for%20earache%2C%20edema%2C%20and%20inflammation.&f=false
100 B.C.ChinaPaper was made of hemp in China.,+invented+in+China.&source=bl&ots=TscIq_IlFv&sig=YnwRuQgvAWlXXnRtcvwqarXsG70&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiPsbT-6d_VAhVHW7wKHRRPAzYQ6AEIYjAN#v=onepage&q=100%20B.C.%20China%20First%20evidence%20of%20hemp%20paper%2C%20invented%20in%20China.&f=false
1 A.D.ChinaAn ancient Chinese text, found in a collection of drug recipes, depicts a symbol recommending Marijuana as a treatment to more than 100 ailments including malaria, gout, and rheumatism.
30 A.D.Jesus allegedly had been annointed with chrism, an oil made with cannabis, causing his spiritual visions and had been using the oil to anoint others as well.
70 A.D.Roman EmpireAccording to De Materia Medica (On Medical Matters) written by Pedanius Dioscorides, a Greek physician who had been studying plants, cannabis can be used as a treatment for earache and be able to suppress sexual long.
79 A.D.RomePliny the Elder, an ancient Roman nobleman who's also a scientist and a historian, and known as an author of Naturalis Hisotria, wrote about the roots of the cannabis plant that can ease cramped joints and other similar violent pain.
200 A.D.ChinaA Chinese surgeon, Hua Tuo, is the first recorded physician to use cannabis as an anesthetic during surgery. During this time, other Chinese physicians also used cannabis to treat blood clots, tapeworms, constipation, and even hair loss.,+a+Chinese+surgeon,+is+the+first+recorded+physician+to+use+cannabis+as+an+anesthetic+during+surgery&source=bl&ots=daC0pwf7dW&sig=V7aieJdZrFbI5USAXeB3F-DdvVU&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj8pbqotuzVAhUJGZQKHU5UD4U4ChDoAQglMAA#v=onepage&q=Hua%20Tuo%2C%20a%20Chinese%20surgeon%2C%20is%20the%20first%20recorded%20physician%20to%20use%20cannabis%20as%20an%20anesthetic%20during%20surgery&f=false
100 - 1000s A.D.EuropePeople in Europe use cannabis to treat tumors, cough, and jaundice.
42-127GreeceIt was mentioned by Plutarch that Thracians use cannabis as an intoxicant.
100UKImported hemp rope was found in England.
130-200GreeceGalen, a Greek Physician, started to prescribe medical cannabis.
800 - 900Medical cannabis has been used around Arabic World as an analgesic, anesthetic, and a treatment to vairous ailments, perscribed by Rhazès, an Islamic physician.,+applied+to+a+wide+variety+of+ailments+(from+migraines+to+syphilis)+and+as+an+analgesic+and+anaesthetic.+The+great+ninth-century+Islamic+physician+Rhaz%C3%A8s...+prescribed+it+widely;+a+contemporary,+the+Arab+physician+Ibn+Wahshiyah,+warned+of+the+potential+effects+of+hashish+which+he+wrote+was+a+lethal+poison.&source=bl&ots=ICFts6QLa7&sig=XHdGks3axSuCpZIyTdF2ZVB-YYg&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjXieH2t-zVAhUDFpQKHQJIAtwQ6AEIKzAB#v=onepage&q=Cannabis%20was%20used%20medicinally%20across%20the%20Arabic%20world%20in%20Roman%20times%2C%20applied%20to%20a%20wide%20variety%20of%20ailments%20(from%20migraines%20to%20syphilis)%20and%20as%20an%20analgesic%20and%20anaesthetic.%20The%20great%20ninth-century%20Islamic%20physician%20Rhaz%C3%A8s...%20prescribed%20it%20widely%3B%20a%20contemporary%2C%20the%20Arab%20physician%20Ibn%20Wahshiyah%2C%20warned%20of%20the%20potential%20effects%20of%20hashish%20which%20he%20wrote%20was%20a%20lethal%20poison.&f=false
850IcelandHemp rope and seeds were taken to Iceland by the Vikings.
1271-1295EUCannabis catches the attention of Europeans when Marco Polo brought back the story of Hasan ibn al-Sabbah and his assassins using hashish, a drug made from cannabis.
1500sAmericaThe Spanish brought hemp to America to make clothes, bagging, paper and ropes for the maritime industry.
Marijuana was used by Muslim Doctors to reduce sexuality.
1533EnglandKing Henry VIII requested farms to grow hemp for industrial use. Farmers who did not grow hemp were to be fined.
1538Hemp was a primary in any herbalist’s medicine cabinet during the Middle Ages. William Turner, the first English botanist commends the hemp in his New Herball.'s%20medicine%20cabinet.%20William%20Turner%2C%20the%20naturalist%20considered%20the%20first%20English%20botanist%2C%20praises%20it%20in%20his%20New%20Herball%2C%20published%20in%201538.&f=false
1545Spaniards introduced the cannabis to the New World.
Angolan slaves brought cannabis to the sugar plantation of northeastern Brazil and were permitted to plant their cannabis between rows of cane.
1578ChinaTreatment for vomiting, parasitc infections, and hemorrhage with the use of Marijuana was described in a Chinese Medical text, Bencao Gangmu Materia Medica by Li Shizhen.
1600sDuring 1600s, there was a report stating that William Shakespeare may have smoked cannabis since there were pipes found from his garden.
1600EnglandEngland starts to bring in hemp from Russia
1606-1632UKHemp was grown by the French and British in their colonies in Port Royal, Virginia, and Plymouth.,+Virginia+(1611),+and+Plymouth+(1632).&source=bl&ots=9nWlV1_CE4&sig=9dMqFlc8bFlOsLdRwT07fAAFuG4&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjqmdT3oODVAhUHXrwKHelnDgAQ6AEILjAC#v=onepage&q=French%20and%20British%20cultivate%20Cannabis%20for%20hemp%20at%20their%20colonies%20in%20Port%20Royal%20(1606)%2C%20Virginia%20(1611)%2C%20and%20Plymouth%20(1632).&f=false
In 1611, cannabis was introduced by the English in Jamestown, where it became a major commercial crop and as a source of fiber.
Cannabis as treatment for depression was recommended by a Popular English Mental Health Book.
1652The book entitled English Physician, written by Nicholas Culpeper a British herbalist, stated the medical uses of hemp.
1839William O’Shaughnessy, an Irish doctor, and some of American medical journals recommended medical marijuana’s benefits for rheumatism, nausea and other various health problems in England and America.
1745 - 1775George Washington mentioned in his diary that he grew hemp at Mount Vernon because of the interest he had in the medicinal use of Cannabis.,+his+plantation,+for+about+30+years&source=bl&ots=8FnIvh7nZG&sig=NY5YSVJhFNYpppuKC6a3E3p20q0&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj-xZCgq-DVAhWCbbwKHU1QBmUQ6AEIMjAC#v=onepage&q=Washington's%20diary%20entries%20indicate%20that%20he%20grew%20hemp%20at%20Mount%20Vernon%2C%20his%20plantation%2C%20for%20about%2030%20years&f=false
1774 - 1824Thomas Jefferson’s farming diaries noted that he grew hemp. However, there was no evidence of him being a smoker of hemp, tobacco, or any other substance.
1762Virginia rewards those who produce and manufacture hemp, and penalizes those who don't.

EuropeNapoleon brought cannabis from Egypt to France. The cannabis was investigated and its medical effects were discovered, leading to it being a widely accepted medicine.
1830sIndiaWilliam Brooke O’Shaughnessy, as Irish doctor studying in India, discovered the medical use of cannabis extracts. It helps lessen stomach pain and vomiting especially to those who suffers from cholera.
1840UKWilliam O'Shaughnessy brought medical cannabis to the United Kingdom which was used by Queen Victoria for Menstrual Cramps.
1840sA French doctor, Jacques Joseph Moreau, found out that cannabis suppressed headaches, increased appetites, and aided people to sleep, which helped to establish cannabis as a popular medicine in the West.
1850 - 1942USCannabis was listed in the United States Pharmacopeia and was prescribed for various conditions including labor pains, nausea, and rheumatism.,+nausea,+and+rheumatism.&source=bl&ots=QDeVleSNIy&sig=0607JX-kUffJfCApSVsWtn8e1kQ&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjEx4W5seDVAhUCV7wKHbYYBHEQ6AEIMTAC#v=onepage&q=Marijuana%20was%20listed%20in%20the%20United%20States%20Pharmacopeia%20and%20was%20prescribed%20for%20various%20conditions%20including%20labor%20pains%2C%20nausea%2C%20and%20rheumatism.&f=false
1850s - 1930sCannabis is commonly used as an intoxicant.
1889An article by Dr. E. A. Birch in The Lancet, one of the world’s leading medical journals, identified cannabis as an effective treatment for opium and choral hydrate withdrawal.,+an+article+by+Dr.+E.+A.+Birch+in+The+Lancet,+then+as+now+one+of+the+world%27s+leading+medical+journals,+outlined+the+application+of+cannabis+for+the+treatment+of+opium+and+chloral+hydrate+withdrawal+symptoms:+the+mixture+reduced+the+opium+craving+and+acted+as+an+anti-emetic+.&source=bl&ots=ICFto5NF97&sig=eTK0-FRSQSln4CsahEqQZy7PEhI&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwi1uOWNs-DVAhVDvLwKHUPOCD0Q6AEIOjAA#v=onepage&q=In%201889%2C%20an%20article%20by%20Dr.%20E.%20A.%20Birch%20in%20The%20Lancet%2C%20then%20as%20now%20one%20of%20the%20world's%20leading%20medical%20journals%2C%20outlined%20the%20application%20of%20cannabis%20for%20the%20treatment%20of%20opium%20and%20chloral%20hydrate%20withdrawal%20symptoms%3A%20the%20mixture%20reduced%20the%20opium%20craving%20and%20acted%20as%20an%20anti-emetic%20.&f=false
1890USIn Southern states, hemp was replaced by cotton as a cash crop.
1893 - 1894Medical uses of Cannabis were mentioned by the Indian Hemp Commission.
1900South AsiaIn rural areas of the Indian subcontinent, South Asia, used Cannabis for asthma, bronchitis and loss of appetite.
1906USIn 1906, many people were becoming addicted to heroin, opium, and morphine, which weren’t properly regulated. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) managed opium and morphine, but its creation turned a big shift in drug policy in America.
1906USMexican immigrants introduced marijuana in U.S, popularizing the recreational use of the drug more. But many Americans visualized weed smoker as troublesome, associating cannabis with “lower class” criminality.
1911MA, USAMassachusetts becomes First State to prohibit the use of Cannabis.
1914USUnder the Harrison Act, drug use was officially announced as a crime.,+under+the+Harrison+Act,+is+officially+declared+a+crime&source=bl&ots=apjUtXy-9r&sig=-jZVCZu0iQTLn4VaVN2U_BOSmSs&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjRqszYueDVAhUDjLwKHVzFBC4Q6AEIXjAJ#v=onepage&q=1914%20Drug%20use%2C%20under%20the%20Harrison%20Act%2C%20is%20officially%20declared%20a%20crime&f=false
Jan. 1915USPresident Wilson signed the Harrison Act which required every physician who prescribe opium or any of its derivatives to use a serial number.
1915 - 1927US
10 States pass a law that prohibited the use of marijuana."Why Is Marijuana Illegal?," Drug War (accessed July 14, 2010)
60,000 pounds of Cannabis is grown on US Pharmaceutical farms.,000+Pounds+of+Cannabis+Annually+1918&source=bl&ots=6dYWaAvIMy&sig=vL5URtzqautMtSd0lDGA8KnEQGI&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjgv6jyvODVAhXG2LwKHRWaCI0Q6AEIQzAF#v=onepage&q=US%20Pharmaceutical%20Farms%20Grow%2060%2C000%20Pounds%20of%20Cannabis%20Annually%201918&f=false
1920'sEgyptHashish was illegally imported to Egypt from Greece, Syria, Lebanon, Turkey, and Central Asia.,+Syria,+Lebanon,+Turkey,+and+Central+Asia.&source=bl&ots=il6UWTQjxK&sig=ZKPRFnAIvyVMIN06aluULMPX6Kc&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjG0Oqlv-DVAhVRNbwKHWfYAdoQ6AEIMTAC#v=onepage&q=Hashish%20smuggled%20into%20Egypt%20from%20Greece%2C%20Syria%2C%20Lebanon%2C%20Turkey%2C%20and%20Central%20Asia.&f=false
1920sUSIts recreational use was restricted to jazz musicians and people in show business. “Reefer songs” became the rage of the jazz world. Marijuana clubs, called tea pads, sprang up in every major city. These marijuana establishments were tolerated by the authorities because marijuana was not illegal and patrons showed no evidence of making a nuisance of themselves or disturbing the community. Marijuana was not considered a social threat.
1924Central AsiaThe Cannabis indica was identify by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck a French naturalist, while the Cannabis ruderalis was named by Russian Botanist D.E, Janischevisky."Marihuana: The First Twelve Thousand Years" (Springer, 1980).
Feb. 19, 1925USMultilateral Treaty Restricting Cannabis Use just for scientific and medical only was signed by League of Nations."The Cannabis Problem: A Note on the Problem and the History of International Action," UNODC website, Jan. 1, 1962
1930sUSU.S. Federal Bureau of Narcotics (now the Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs) conducted a campaign to present cannabis as an addicting substance that would lead users into narcotics addiction.
1930sUSThe word usage of the term Marijuana has increased tremendously in the US. DIctionary - "Marijuana" (accessed Dec. 16, 2011)
1930sUSParke-Davis, Eli Lily, Grimault and other American pharmaceutical firms started selling standardized extracts of marijuana to use as an analgesic, an antispasmodic, sedative and remedy for asthma. as Medicine: Beyond the Controversy, 2001
1930USIn 1930, Harry J. Anslinger was appointed to be a Commissioner of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics."The Federal Marijuana Ban Is Rooted in Myth and Xenophobia," New York Times, July 29, 2014
1936Bureau of Narcotics Urges Federal Action to Control Marijuana
"It is difficuly to know precisely the extent of marihuana use in the 1930s. The Narcotics Bureau itself never provided any official estimate. The Bureau spoke only of 'widespread use...'

[Commissioner Harry] Anslinger maintained that all drug use was a plot of 'civic corruption,' a public enemy seeking to destroy the community...

During 1936 the Bureau headlined the marihuana danger in its report ["Traffic in Opium and Other Dangerous Drugs," 1936]. For the first time it urged federal controls and presented a description of the vice, describing dire mental and moral changes among users.""The Federal Prohibition of Marihuana," Journal of Social History, Autumn 1970
1936New Medications Supplant Marijuana as Treatment for Pain
"By the end of 1936... all 48 states had enacted laws to regulate marijuana. Its decline in medicine was hastened by the development of aspirin, morphine, and then other opium-derived drugs, all of which helped to replace marijuana in the treatment of pain and other medical conditions in Western medicine."
1937US23 states prohibited marijuana. The government enacts the Marijuana Tax Act, making the non-medical weed illegal.
May 4, 1937American Medical Association was against with the proposed Marihuana Tax Act and supports research on Medical Cannabis.
Oct. 1937US"Marihuana Tax Act" Leads to Decline in Marijuana Prescriptions
Oct. 2, 1937The first marijuana seller, Samuel Caldwell, was imprisoned under the US Federal Law."The First Pot POW," (accessed Feb. 21, 2012)
1938Cannabis Cultivation was banned in Canada. A History, 2005
1938 - 1944USLaGuardia Report Concludes Marijuana Less Dangerous Than Commonly Thought
1945IndiaIn India, using of legal hasnish continues.
1950sIt was an accessory of the beat generation
1960sCollege students and “hippies” used Marijuana. Marijuana was also used as a symbol of rebellion against authority.
1964The first identified and synthesized cannabis is THC. It is the main psychoactive component of cannabis."GW to Develop New Cannabinoid Opportunities with Professor Raphael Mechoulam," GW Pharmaceuticals website, Jan. 21, 2003
1968USUniversity of Mississippi Becomes Official Grower of Marijuana for Federal Government
April 8, 1968USPresident Johnson Creates Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs (BNDD),+President+Johnson+offered+Reorganization+Plan+No.+1+of+1968.+This+reorganization+was+effective+on+April+8,+1968+and+placed+the+Federal+Bureau+of+Narcotics+(of+Treasury)+and+the+Bureau+of+Drug+Abuse+Control+(of+FDA)+in+the+Department+of+Justice+and+designated+it+the+Bureau+of+Narcotics+and+Dangerous+Drugs&source=bl&ots=FePUMNBeZ4&sig=VH26Gw10veae7f4L5F0xmXILwzA&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjLm4z9tunVAhWBebwKHXkiAKUQ6AEILDAB#v=onepage&q&f=false
Nov. 1, 1968UKAccording to UK Wootton report, Cannabis is less dangerous than alcohol and other drugs."Soma, the Wootton Report and Cannabis Law Reform in Britain During the 1960s and 1970s," A Cannabis Reader: Global Issues and Local Experiences,, 2008
1970USMarijuana was classified as a Schedule I drug which was listed as not being acknowledge for its medical use.
1970In 1970, a nonprofit public-interest advocacy group was founded. This group was NORML, the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws, whose mission was to end marijuana prohibition.
1971In 1971, a drug classification system and sentencing guidelines were presented by the UK Misuse of Drugs Act. The Cannabis was in Class B.
1972USNORML Petitions DEA to Reschedule Marijuana
files an administrative petition with the DEA. "NORML's petition called on the federal government to reclassify marijuana under the Controlled Substances Act as a Schedule II drug so that physicians could legally prescribe it. Federal authorities initially refused to accept the petition until mandated to do so by the US Court of Appeals in 1974, and then refused to properly process it until again ordered by the Court in 1982...

Fourteen years after NORML's initial petition, in 1986, the DEA finally held public hearings on the issue before an administrative law judge. Two years later [on Sep. 6, 1998], Judge Francis Young ruled [in the matter of Marijuana Rescheduling Petition, Docket No. 86-22] that the therapeutic use of marijuana was recognized by a respected minority of the medical community, and that it met the standards of other legal medications."

The final ruling in the case was made Feb. 18, 1994."Medical Use: Introduction," (accessed May 23, 2011)
1973USThe Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs (BNND) and the Office of Drug Abuse Law Enforcement (ODALE) were combined to established the US Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA).
1974USThe NIDA, National Institute on Drug Abuse, was established to charge contracts to grow marijuana for research purposes.
1974USHigh Time, founded by Tom Forcade, was a popular magazine during 1974.
1975Colombia became the main supplier when the Mexican government eradicated the crop with the use of herbicide paraquat.
Nov. 24, 1976USFederal Court Rules Robert Randall's Use of Marijuana a "Medical Necessity"
Robert Randall afflicted by glaucoma employed the little-used Common Law Doctrine of Necessity to defend himself against criminal charges of marijuana cultivation (US v. Randall). On November 24, 1976, federal Judge James Washington ruled Randall's use of marijuana constituted a 'medical necessity...'

Judge Washington dismissed criminal charges against Randall. Concurrent with this judicial determination, federal agencies responding to a May, 1976 petition filed by Randall, began providing this patient with licit, FDA-approved access to government supplies of medical marijuana. Randall was the first American to receive marijuana for the treatment of a medical disorder."Significant Legal Cases," (accessed July 15, 2010)
1978USPatients would receive supplies of cannabis from NIDA if their physicians applied and received an USID from the FDA.
1978USFirst State Law for Marijuana was passed in New Mexico after recognizing its medical value.
1980USThe National Cancer Institute (NCDI) discovered new drug called Marinol, a Synthetic Version of THC, for cancer patients in San Francisco."Marinol vs. Marijuana: Politics, Science, and Popular Culture,", 1997
1980sMoroccoMorroco is one of the nations that produces and exports hasnish.,+if+not+the+largest,+hashish+producing+and+exporting+nations.+%22Border+hashish%22+is+produced+in+northwestern+Pakistan+along+the+Afghan+border+to+avoid+Soviet-Afghan+war.&source=bl&ots=qSDaZp8yHZ&sig=b3Oolv-ak_JzNMZtdtzbrNHx_A4&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjUpsTMyOnVAhXEwLwKHcaJCfAQ6AEINTAD#v=onepage&q=Morocco%20becomes%20one%20of%2C%20if%20not%20the%20largest%2C%20hashish%20producing%20and%20exporting%20nations.%20%22Border%20hashish%22%20is%20produced%20in%20northwestern%20Pakistan%20along%20the%20Afghan%20border%20to%20avoid%20Soviet-Afghan%20war.&f=false
1981USLegal Medical Marijuana Patients Form Organization to Help Others Obtain Access.
Bob [Randall, the first legal medical marijuana patient under the IND program] and Alice [O'Leary, his wife] formed an organization called the Alliance for Cannabis Therapeutics or ACT, of which I was a charter member. Our goal was to help other patients and their doctors file Compassionate Care Protocols, and to guide them through the government maze. Medicine: How I Convinced the US Government to Provide My Marijuana and Helped Launch a National Movement, 2010
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