IDLS 2300 - Disciplinary Perspectives - WQ19
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Disciplinary Peer-Reviewed Scholarly Journal ArticlesDisciplinary Sub-Topic/QuestionPhenomena ("subjects, objects, and behaviors that a discipline considers to fall within its research domain”)Concepts (how the phenomena are described or categorized; they tend to be more jargony or discipline-specific; ex: psychology - phenomenon: people between the ages of 18-30; concept: emerging adulthood)
Methods (the way it gathers, applies, and produces knowledge)
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(Ex: Communications)Article 1:Pilgeram, R., & Meeuf, R. (2015). Good food, good intentions: Where pro-sustainability arguments get stale in US food documentaries. Environmental Communication, 9(1), 100-117. Article 2: Servaes, J. (Ed.). (2013). Sustainability, Participation & Culture in Communication: Theory and Praxis (1). Bristol, GB: Intellect. Retrieved from http://www.ebrary.comhow do documentary films impact American audiences to invest in sustainable eating/consuming practices and ideologies?Storytelling, media, language = modes of human communication Article 1: Examples (quotations/ page numbers) Article 2: Examples (quotations/page numbers)Documentary film = visual and auditory storytellingExamining the commercial success of the films, a quantitative method, the communications lens is able to understand what creates a successful documentary. + The qualitative method of textual interpretation is crucial to this discipline.
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Education 1 Article 1: Harrison, L., & Murray, E. (2015). Stress, Coping and Wellbeing in Kindergarten: Children’s Perspectives on Personal, Interpersonal and Institutional Challenges of School. International Journal of Early Childhood, 47(1), 79–103. https://doi-org.proxy.seattleu.edu/10.1007/s13158-014-0127-4 Article 2: Sotardi, V. A. (2017). Exploring school stress in middle childhood: interpretations, experiences, and coping. Pastoral Care in Education, 35(1), 13–27. https://doi-org.proxy.seattleu.edu/10.1080/02643944.2016.1269360 Article 3: Martin, H., Farrell, A., Gray, J., & Clark, T. B. (2018). Perceptions of the Effect of Recess on Kindergartners. Physical Educator, 75(2), 245–254. https://doi-org.proxy.seattleu.edu/10.18666/TPE-2018-V75-I2-7740 The loss of a childhood through the education system. Extinction of childhood.Education system, stress in children, behavioral issues, mental health, communication skills in kids, educational success, standardized testing, performance tracking Article 3 School age children, symptoms of ADHD, child obesity, mental physical social and academic performance Article 2: Examples Article 1: ExamplesStress: experiencing a stressful environment has been linked to mental health outcomes school-related stress and its effects, concern with academic performance, how loss of play changes academic performance, not enough coping mechanisms for stress Article 3: Parents of kindergarteners, preschool/elementary school teachers, college students and young professionals who had recieved recess in their childhood So, remember that concepts are vocabulary that are discipline-specific and that require definition within the context of the discipline. How do educators, for example, define "academic performance?" or "play?" or "coping mechanisms?" Remember that other disciplines might define these differently and concepts are a place where you can really start to call out the epistemology of your discipline (as well as theories and assumptions.)Article 3: The three groups were given a survey asking about their opinions on the importance of recess, from that sample, 9 were chosen to interview and expand on their thoughts towards the importance of recess for children. "The investigators interviewed three groups of subjects: parents of kindergardeners, preschool and elementary school teachers, and college and young professionals who participated in recess in kindergarden" (246). Good detail here. Using surveys is an empirical method. Do they hypothesize a finding? If so, they are using a deductive reasoning method. If not, perhaps they are exercising inductive reasoning. Make sure you can understand this more specifically -- and refer back to Repko's description of different kinds of methods (in Chapter 5 and 7) to help you. Remember that for each one of these elements you need to take a metacognitive approach and explain (versus simply quoting) how the discipline is working (in this case, what kind of method they are employing).
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Education 2 Please update this table with your articlesHow does mental and physical health play a role in student’s success in elementary school? Who is at greatest risk of poor mental and physical health? Who/how can people improve their mental and physical health?Article 1: Phenomena:If mental health services are effective when given by school professionals, rathar than mental health professionals.
This is not exactly phenomena but, instead, seems to reflect the article's research question. The phenomena are the "things" that are studied.
Article 1: Effectiveness of mental health services integrated into ciriculum for elementary school aged children So, remember that concepts are vocabulary that are discipline-specific and that require definition within the context of the discipline. How do educators, for example, define "mental health services?" or "curriculum?" Remember that other disciplines might define these differently and concepts are a place where you can really start to call out the epistemology of your discipline (as well as theories and assumptions.)Article 1: Methods: subjects were kindergarten-5th grade, service implemented by school professionals, not outside help, did database searches with keywords, then experts in student mental health reviewed each article to make sure they were focused on the question. This is a bit vague. Make sure that you are updating this table; I notice that you described this in your one-pagers more specifically. Would you say that this article is reviewing programs and their outcomes? Are the researchers relying on positivism or interpretivism in terms of their epistemology and what does this mean in terms of describing their methods? (see repko, p. 148). Make sure you can understand this more specifically -- and refer back to Repko's description of different kinds of methods (in Chapter 5 and 7) to help you. Remember that for each one of these elements you need to take a metacognitive approach and explain (versus simply quoting) how the discipline is working (in this case, what kind of method they are employing).

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Psychology
Library Guide : JSTOR
Perspectives on Psychological Science Schizophrenia : (8 pages)
https://www-jstor-org.proxy.seattleu.edu/stable/pdf/40212225.pdf?ab_segments=0%252Ftbsub-1%252Frelevance_config_with_defaults&refreqid=excelsior%3A3b96b5ce9af1d129e920f0ee04bcd962
Library Guide: PsycArticles ->
“Neuropsychological functioning as a moderator of the relationship between psychosocial functioning and the subjective experience of self and life in schizophrenia.“ (12 pages)
http://content.ebscohost.com/ContentServer.asp?T=P&P=AN&K=2002-10453-014&S=L&D=pdh&EbscoContent=dGJyMNLr40SeqLQ4xNvgOLCmr1Gep7FSsKm4SbeWxWXS&ContentCustomer=dGJyMPHb343s3%2FRT69fnhrnb5ofx6gAA

How does the mind survive in the face of extinction?human behaviors, responses, illusion, compartmentalization, trauma, characteristics, symptoms Compartmentalization, trauma, illusionupdate your table
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SociologyArticle 1; "Does the Internet Stregnthen Community?" Article 2: Copresence as "Being-with": Analyzing Online Connectivity. Article 3: Gastrow, M., & Oppelt, T. (2018). Big science and human development - what is the connection? South African Journal of Science give the full APA citation for each of these. Are each of these articles from a discipline-specific journal (sociological)?Extinction of human connection and interaction (through technology?)addiction, media, innovation, mass media, communication, interaction These sound like concepts to me -- as they each probably have discipline-specific definitions. That is, addiction and media (and the other terms here) would most likely have different disciplinary definitions in other fields.media resisters, practice theory within media resisters You will need to define each of the concepts to which you refer. Remember that you are teaching your reader/audience about your discipline so you need to be able to provide definitions and translations.update your table
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Cultural AnthropologyArticle 1: Appell, G. N. (1978), HUMAN RIGHTS AND THE EXTINCTION OF CULTURES: A PROPOSAL FOR GOVERNMENT FINANCED SALVAGE ETHNOLOGY. Anthropology News, 19: 18-19. Is it possible to be multicultural, or is that an entirely new culture? Is culture necessary for human survival?how cultures emerged, how different cultures interact
multiculturalism, cultural evolution, cultural ecology (human adaptations to social and physical environments), social bereavement (cultural deprivation due to social change) be sure to define these concepts as the discipline defines...
qualitative research: in depth, interpretive analytical strategies (ex: interviews, focus groups, content analysis)
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Philosophy
Article 1: Sansom, D. (2018). The Opioid Epidemic, Deadly Sins and the Soul. Ethics and Medicine: An International Journal of Bioethics, 34(1), 37–48. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com.proxy.seattleu.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&db=pif&AN=PHL2366228&site=ehost-live&scope=site. Article 2: Leopold, David, "Alienation", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2018 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = <https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/fall2018/entries/alienation/>. Article 2: Leopold, D. (2018, August 30). Alienation. Retrieved from https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/alienation/
Extinction of the soulphilosophy of soul, doctrine of the soul, spirituality, identity, enlightenment, capitalism in it's effect (big pharma), of being, pursuit of knowledge, afterlife/death, justice system and 'justice', rejection of the soul (purposeful and not), sins and soul, immortal soul?, personal identity, going against societal norms (for or away from 'soul'), alienation (self and otherwise) Article 1: Article 2: psychological and social ills, separation between self and other, philisophical accounts of alienation
Article 1) Addicts (speicifically opiod, but can pertain to any other kind of addict as well) Article 2:"The concept of alienation identifies a distinct kind of psychological or social ill; namely, one involving a problematic separation between a self and other that properly belong together" (Pg 1). I think it is safe to say that there are no "phenomena" in Philosophy that are not also disciplinary concepts. Indeed, this entire project is, in a sense, doing a philosophy of disciplines. Thus, make sure that you call this out as you teach your audience about the role that "concepts" play in this discipline. Concepts and epistemology and methods and assumptions are all mutually constitutive. Remember that you need to take a very metacognitive approach to teach us this discipline (and to using these articles as examples).
Article 1) Examining different philosophers and their viewpoints (incl. Camus, Aristotle, and Sartre, along with religious figure St. Thomas Aquinas) Article 2: consists of 7 subcategories that describe alienation in depth; 1. The basic Idea, 2. disclaimers, 3. adjacent concepts, 4. subjective and objective alienation, 5. what makes a separation problamatic, 6. alienation and value, and 7. some (unsresolved) empiracle issues And so are the methods primarily based on interpretation and logic? Is there any empirical methodology? Again, zoom out so you teach us what you see at work here in Repko-ian terms.
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BusinessArticle 1: Pezzoli, K. (1997). Sustainable development. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management., 40(5), 549-574. Article 2: Article 3: Houtbeckers, E. (2018). Framing Social Enterprise as Post-Growth Organising in the Diverse Economy. Management Revue, 29(3), 257–280. https://doi-org.proxy.seattleu.edu/10.5771/0935-9915-2018-3-257 How can we shift the framework of business towards being beneficial for the ecological survival of the planet? Excellent question and articles.Article 1: "We are confronted with a perpetuation of disparities between and within nations, a worsening of poverty, hunger, ill health, and illiteracy, and the continuing deterioration of the ecosystems on which we depend for our well-being. However, integration of environment and development concerns, and greater attention to them will lead to the fullfilment of basic needs, improved living standards for all, better protected and managed ecosystems and a safer, more prosperous future." (pg. 5). Political ecology, holism & co-evolution, Environmental History and Human geography/ecology, Environemtal Science, Joining the sociological & biogeophysical imagination, strategies for empowerment and community building: the legal insitutional terrain, Deepening Social Justice & Equity: The role of culture and Civil Society.
Article 1: Sustainabillity, ecology, economics, history, political science, equitable development. Article 3:
Article 1: 10 categories of literature to address the questions of sustainabillity: Managerialsim, Policy, and Planning, Social Conditions, Environemntal Law, Environmental Science, Eco - design and the built environemnt, Ecological Economics, Eco Philosophy, Environmnetal Values and ethics, Environmental History and Human geography/ecology, Utopianism, anarchism, and bioregionalism, and Political ecology.Again, here you will need to describe the methods at work to your audience. Don't simply list them -- go back to Repko to find some language to help categorize the kinds of methods that this discipline employs.
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Earth SciencesUpdate this table by listing your discipline-specific articles here.Cause/effect of civilization (past, present, future) and how it has changed EarthArticle 1: "So, we are beginning with a very fragmentary field on the border of the earth sciences, social sciences and humanities with inputs from all these branches of knowledge that should be integrated in a comprehensive system on the base of new concepts and empiric historical geographical investigations". (pg1) Article 2: "As of 1995, 22% of recognized marine fisheries were overexploited or already depleted, and 44% more were at their limit of exploitation". (pg2) fossil fuels, toxicity, sustainability, w Article1: Different sciences use various methods for distingushing natural and anthropogenic trends in the evolution of environment. Avoid simply quoting from the articles. Pull out specifically what you see as the phenomena within this disciplinary perspective. And remember that most phenomena (especially when discussed in a scholarly article) are probably more appropriately concepts.Article 1: History of civilzation, environmental situations, landscape and biospheric processes, paleogeography (pg. 101) Article 2: Marine fisheries exploitation evolution, adaptation, ecosystem, layers, biological processes, ecological resources, integration and ecological modification, growth in resource, biogeochemical cycles, growth of human population, man-dominated ecosystems, global carbon cycle (pg. 494) Good! So, remember that concepts are vocabulary that are discipline-specific and that require definition within the context of the discipline. You will have to teach your audience the disciplinary definitions of (some of) these. Remember that other disciplines might define these differently and concepts are a place where you can really start to call out the epistemology of your discipline (as well as theories and assumptions.)Article 1: They distinguished 5 stages of ecosystems evolution. Then they assessed the extent of each type-stage among others in various periods and zones. (pg 2) "Climatologists interpret as anthropogenic the rise of CO2 concentrations in atmosphere perhaps due to fuel burning." (pg. 102) Article 2: "Remote sensing is a most useful technique, but only recently has there been a serious scientific effort to use high-resolution civilian satellite imagery to evaluate even the more visable forms of land transformation, such as deforestation, on continental to global scales". (pg 1) Article 1: Analysis of the structural model of spacial organizations in the contemorary world permits to reveal the important shift in the economy, social, cultural conditios of human impact on environment; formation of spacial communities, rural ecological complexes on the base of agriculture, urban ecology, expansion of spatial division, industrial revolution pg. (103-4) good. Again, boil this down also so that you can translate this to your audience -- you might use Repko in chapter 5 to help you identify most fundamentally what kind of methods these comprise. I am assuming these employ the scientific method of empirical study (are they based on deductive or inductive reasoning?)
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