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Source TitleCitation / QuotePage #DisciplinesMain ConceptAdditional
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https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nonprofit_organizationused full definition of non-profit organizationsBusiness / Economics
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Drucker, P. F. (1990). Managing the non-profit organization. New York: Harper Collins Publishers"with every second American adult serving as a volunteer in the non-profit sector and spending at least three hours a week in non-profit work, the non-profits are America's largest employer" "We now realize that it is central to the quality of life in America, central to citizenship, and indeed carries the values of American society and of the American tradition.”xiiiBusiness / Economics“The nonprofit sector still represents about the same proportion of America’s gross national product, 2-3%, as it did forty years ago. But it’s meaning has changed profoundly.
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Ott, S. (2001). The nature of the nonprofit sector. Boulder: Westview Press"non-profit organization management is derived quite centrally from the historical ethos of charity and philanthropy." "In these early societies, the welfare and preservation of individuals and families required the community to share in the tasks of food gathering, hunting, and providing shelter.” “The Western tradition of voluntarism has its roots in two diverse ideological streams: the Greco Roman heritage of emphasis on community, citizenry and social responsibility ... and the Judeo-Christian belief that relationships with higher power affect our choices and thus our decision-making.” 90, 98ReligionVolunteerism can be found before biblical times. It is a foundation in which giving and helping others is a part of community. “In early societies, the welfare and preservation of individuals and families required the community to share in the tasks of food gathering, hunting, and providing shelter.” Pg. 98
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http://nccs.urban.org/data-statistics/quick-facts-about-nonprofitsProvided all statistical data.Economics
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Silk, L. and Vogel, D. (1976). Ethics and profits, the crisis of confidence in American business. New York: Simon and Shuster“Americans still believe in the free enterprise system. They have no quarrel with profit making. But they do have a quarrel with unethical and questionable business practices conducted at the public expense.”219Sociology / EthicsDistrust in the government, such as Watergate, the energy crisis, corruption, and significant recessions has led to a lack of confidence and trust in both business, and government. (aka wall street, political contributions, lobbyist, etc.). Who has peoples interest in mind vs. profits?
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Gold, M. (2014, Jan 5)Koch-backed political network, built to shield donors, raised $400 million in 2012 elections. Retrieved April 2, 2018, fromhttps://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/koch-backed-political-network-built-to-shield-donors-raised-400-million-in-2012-elections/2014/01/05/9e7cfd9a-719b-11e3-9389-09ef9944065e_story.html?utm_term=.46121ebe9675provides reference into government elections belefiting by non profitshttps://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/koch-backed-political-network-built-to-shield-donors-raised-400-million-in-2012-elections/2014/01/05/9e7cfd9a-719b-11e3-9389-09ef9944065e_story.html?noredirect=on&utm_term=.d2d88050de4dGovernment
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Bermen, R. (2016, Mar 16) How can the U.S. shrink the influence of money in politics? Retrieved on April 14, 2017 from https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2016/03/fix-money-in-politics/473214/https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2016/03/fix-money-in-politics/473214/Government
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O’neill, M. (2002). Non profit nation. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass“Nonprofit organizations have annual revenue of $1trillion and assets of $2trillion, and account for 5 to 10% of the nations economy.” “American nonprofits employ 12 million people, more than the civilian workforce of the federal government and the fifty state governments combined. More than 100 million adults do volunteer work for nonprofits. In 2000, American households, foundations, and corporations gave $203 billion to charity.” (preface and pg 12)did not use this sourceAnthropology / Business / Economics/ SociologyNonprofits are a key part of our communities and nation. You can hardly look far to spot a nonprofit, from churches to private schools, hospitals, Goodwill Industries, sporting groups, Girl Scouts, etc. But the word nonprofit can be confusing, some of these organizations are quite profitable.Nonprofit revenue comes from three sources: payment for product / services, government, private giving. (pg 19)

Charitable giving in the U.S. by recipient, a statistical data chart. Pg. 27

Religious connection, and morale stance…. Social service. “Feed the hungry, clothe the naked, give shelter to the homeless, visit the imprisoned, comfort the afflicted.” Pg. 73
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Connors, T. D. (2001). The nonprofit handbook 3rd ed. New York: Wiley & Sons“Employee admits embezzlement of ten thousand dollars.” “Trusted clerk steals $50,000.”

Did not use this reference, however was inspired from it to connect that oversight and internal controls are critical to NPO. These are examples of behavior that tarnishes the reputation of NPO’s. (Go into Susan Koman, Goodwill, Red Cross, etc.)
480 (did not use this source)BusinessNonprofit management and leadership include areas in management, leadership, communication, public relations, financial management, administration and legal / regulatory fields.Technology and media relations are an important part of the success in a nonprofit of today.

Constituents and their interests: chart for stakeholders in Company and Nonprofit; page 449.
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LEE, S., BOLTON, L. E., & WINTERICH, K. P. (2017). To Profit or Not to Profit? The Role of Greed Perceptions in Consumer Support for Social Ventures. Journal Of Consumer Research, 44(4), 853-876. doi:10.1093/jcr/ucx071did not use the reference, but drew from the book to further explore areas.SociologyThat for profit companies represent greed, and are therefore less trusted by society.
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https://www.snopes.com/fact-check/salary-cap-2/
used for fact checking Susan G. Komen contraversy.
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Gonzalez R. (2017, Aug 30) Red Cross exec doesn't know what portion of donation will go directly to Harvey relief. Retrieved April 14, 2017 from: https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/08/30/547435136/red-cross-exec-doesn-t-know-what-portion-of-donations-will-go-directly-to-harveyprovided hot link for Red Cross controsersy reference
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https://www.huffingtonpost.com/john-hrabe/the-worst-corporation-in-_b_1876905.html
used to provide hot link for Goodwill's controversy
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https://blog.ted.com/how-to-pick-the-charity-thats-right-for-you/
Provided reference on how to find a non profit that is right for you.
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Politics and Partnerships : The Role of Voluntary
Guthrie, D. and Clemens, E. S. (2010). Politics and partnerships: the role of voluntary associations in America's political past and present. e-book
did not use the reference, but drew from the book to further explore areas.
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Ruswick, B. (2013). Almost worthy: the poor, paupers, and the science of charity in America, 1877-1917. E-book.did not use the reference, but drew from the book to further explore areas.
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Perkins, W. E. (2010). Nonprofit and charitable sectors : background and issues. E-book.did not use the reference, but drew from the book to further explore areas.
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Powell, W. W. and Steinberg, R. (2006). The nonprofit sector: a research handbook. E-book.did not use the reference, but drew from the book to further explore areas.
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