Cognitive Biases
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1We notice things that are already primed in memory or repeated often.availability heuristichttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Availability_heuristic
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Attentional biashttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attentional_bias
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Illusory truth effecthttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Illusory_truth_effect
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Mere exposure effecthttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mere-exposure_effect
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Context effect, Cue-dependent forgetting, Mood-congruent memory biashttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cue-dependent_forgetting
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Baader-Meinhof phenomenonhttp://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Frequency_illusion
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Empathy gaphttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Empathy_gap
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Omission biashttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Omission_bias
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Base rate fallacyhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Base_rate_fallacy
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Bizarre/funny/visually-striking/anthropomorphic things stick out more than non-bizarre/unfunny things.Bizarreness effect, Humor effecthttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bizarreness_effect
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Von Restorff effecthttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Von_Restorff_effect
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Picture superiority effecthttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Picture_superiority_effect
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Self-relevance effecthttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Self-reference_effect
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Negativity biashttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Negativity_bias
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We notice when something has changed.Anchoring, Contrast effect, Focusing effecthttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anchoring
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Money illusionhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Money_illusion
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Framing effecthttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Framing_effect_%28psychology%29
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Weber–Fechner lawhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Weber%E2%80%93Fechner_law
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Conservatismhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conservatism_%28belief_revision%29
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Distinction biashttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Distinction_bias
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We are drawn to details that confirm our own existing beliefs.confirmation biashttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confirmation_bias
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Congruence biashttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Congruence_bias
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Post-purchase rationalization, Choice-supportive biashttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choice-supportive_bias
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Selective perceptionhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Selective_perception
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Observer-expectancy effect, Experimenter’s bias, Observer effect, Expectation bias
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Observer-expectancy_effect
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Ostrich effecthttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ostrich_effect
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Subjective validationhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Subjective_validation
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Continued influence effecthttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confirmation_bias#continued_influence_effect
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Semmelweis reflexhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Semmelweis_reflex
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We notice flaws in others more easily than flaws in ourselves.bias blind spothttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bias_blind_spot
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Naïve cynicismhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Na%C3%AFve_cynicism
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naïve realismhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Na%C3%AFve_realism_%28psychology%29
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2We find stories and patterns even in sparse data.False memoryhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confabulation
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Clustering illusionhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clustering_illusion
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Insensitivity to sample sizehttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Insensitivity_to_sample_size
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Neglect of probabilityhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neglect_of_probability
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Anecdotal fallacyhttps://yourlogicalfallacyis.com/anecdotal
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Illusion of validityhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Illusion_of_validity
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Masked man fallacyhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Masked-man_fallacy
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Recency illusionhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Recency_illusion
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Gambler’s fallacyhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gambler%27s_fallacy
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Hot-hand fallacyhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hot-hand_fallacy
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Illusory correlationhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Illusory_correlation
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Pareidoliahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pareidolia
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Anthropomorphism
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anthropomorphism#Psychology_of_anthropomorphism
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We fill in characteristics from stereotypes, generalities, and prior histories whenever there are new specific instances or gaps in information.Group attribution errorhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Group_attribution_error
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Ultimate attribution errorhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ultimate_attribution_error
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Stereotypinghttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stereotype
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Essentialismhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Essentialism
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Functional fixednesshttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Functional_fixedness
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Moral credential effecthttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moral_credential_effect
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Just-world hypothesishttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Just-world_hypothesis
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Argument from fallacyhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Argument_from_fallacy
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Authority biashttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Authority_bias
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Automation biashttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Automation_bias
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Bandwagon effecthttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bandwagon_effect
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Placebo effecthttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Placebo
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We imagine things and people we’re familiar with or fond of as better than things and people we aren’t familiar with or fond of. Halo effecthttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halo_effect
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In-group biashttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/In-group_favoritism
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Out-group homogeneity biashttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Out-group_homogeneity
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Cross-race effecthttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cross-race_effect
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Cheerleader effecthttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cheerleader_effect
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Well-traveled road effecthttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Well_travelled_road_effect
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Not invented herehttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Not_invented_here
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Reactive devaluationhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reactive_devaluation
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Positivity effecthttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Positivity_effect
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We simplify probabilities and numbers to make them easier to think about.Mental accountinghttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mental_accounting
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Normalcy biashttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Normalcy_bias
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Appeal to probability fallacyhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Appeal_to_probability
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Murphy’s Lawhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murphy%27s_law
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Subadditivity effecthttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Subadditivity_effect
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Survivorship biashttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Survivorship_bias
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Zero sum biashttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3153800/
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Denomination effecthttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Denomination_effect
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Plus_or_Minus_Two, Magic number 7+-2https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Magical_Number_Seven
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We think we know what others are thinking.Curse of knowledgehttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Curse_of_knowledge
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Illusion of transparencyhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Illusion_of_transparency
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Spotlight effecthttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spotlight_effect
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Illusion of external agencyhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Illusion_of_external_agency
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Illusion of asymmetric insighthttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Illusion_of_asymmetric_insight
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Extrinsic incentive errorhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extrinsic_incentives_bias
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We project our current mindset and assumptions onto the past and future.Hindsight biashttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hindsight_bias
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Outcome biashttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Outcome_bias
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Moral luckhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moral_luck
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Declinismhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Declinism
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Telescoping effecthttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Telescoping_effect
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Rosy retrospectionhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosy_retrospection
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Impact biashttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Impact_bias
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Pessimism biashttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Optimism_bias#Pessimism_bias
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Planning fallacyhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Planning_fallacy
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Time-saving biashttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Time-saving_bias
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Pro-innovation biashttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pro-innovation_bias
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Projection biashttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Affective_forecasting#Projection_bias
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Restraint biashttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Restraint_bias
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Self-consistency biashttps://psychlopedia.wikispaces.com/self-consistency+bias
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In order to act, we need to be confident in our ability to make an impact and to feel like what we do is important.Overconfidence effecthttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overconfidence_effect
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Egocentric biashttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Egocentric_bias
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Optimism biashttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Optimism_bias
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Social desirability biashttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_desirability_bias
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