City Comparison of Building Code Parking Requirements - Public
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Land UseBSA Guide - 5% Mode Share Goal in 10 yearsBSA Guide - 10% Mode Share Goal in 10 yearsBSA Guide - 20% Mode Share Goal in 15 yearsAPBP Guide - Urban - For 5% Mode ShareBest CitySeattleSeattle Urban Centers & Station-Area Overlay ZonesDowntown SeattleCambridgeLos AngelesPittsburghOaklandPortland ORSan FranciscoVancouver BCVictoria BC
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Residential
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Single-Family Dwellings
Two-Family Dwellings
Rectories, parsonages
LT0 LT1 LT2 LTNo LT req.San FranNo LT req. for single-family dwellings, but for townhouses: 1.00 LT / unit for the first 20 units in a building, 1.05 LT / unit for additional units.No LT req.Dwelling Units (on lots with 3 units or less): Provide secure, weather protected space meeting dimensions set in Zoning Administrator Bulletin No. 9, one per unit, easily accessible to residents and not otherwise used for automobile parking or other purposesFor a principal dwelling unit with lock-off unit, depending on the neighborhood, a minimum of 1.25 or spaces for each principal dwelling unit and a minimum of 0.75 spaces for each lock-off unit.
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STNo ST req.No ST req.No ST req.No ST req.CambridgeNo ST req. for single-family dwllings, but for townhouses: 0.10 ST / unit on a lot (for lots with 4 or more units).No ST req.No ST req.No ST req.
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Multi-Unit Residential
(Cambridge: Townhouse & Multifamily Dwellings)
LT1.0 LT / unit1.25 LT / unit1.5 LT / unit0.50 LT / bedroomPortland0.25 LT / unit0.25 LT / unit0.50 LT / unit1.0 LT / unit for the first 20 units in a building, 1.05 LT / unit for additional units.1.0 LT / unit & guest room0.33 LT / unit for 12 or more units0.25 LT / unit1.5 LT / unit in Central City
1.0 LT / unit outside CC
1.0 LT / unit up to 100 units, afterwhich 0.50 LT / unit. For student housing, 1.5 LT / unit up to 100 units, afterwhich 0.75 LT / unit.Ranges from 0.75 to 2.25 / unit, depending on housing size and neighborhood.1.0 LT / unit
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ST0.20 ST / unit0.25 ST / unit0.30 ST / unit2 ST or 0.10 ST / bedroomVancouverNo ST req.No ST req.0.10 ST / unit on a lot (for lots with 4 or more units).2 ST or 0.10 ST / unit0.05 ST / unit0.05 ST / unit. For student housing, 0.10 / unit.Generally, 6 ST for any development with more than 20 units, and in some situations 0.20 ST / unit for smaller developments6 ST at every entrance
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Elderly oriented congregate housingLT0.50 LT / bed0.75 LT / bed1.0 LT / bed0.50 LT / bedroomCambridge0.50 LT / bed
No ST req.
0.50 LT / bed
No ST req.
0.50 LT / unit0.10 ST / bed or unit2 ST + 0.04 ST / bed or unit
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ST0.20 ST / bed0.25 ST / bed0.30 ST / bed2 ST or 0.10 ST / bedroomCambridgeNo ST req.No ST req.0.05 ST / unit0.04 ST / unitNo ST req.
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Group LivingLT0.50 LT / bed0.75 LT / bed1.0 LT / bedSeattle0.50 LT / bed0.50 LT / bed2 LT or 0.05 LT / bed0.25 LT / bed up to 100 beds, afterwhich 0.20 LT / bed
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ST0.20 ST / bed0.25 ST / bed0.30 ST / bedSan FranNo ST req.No ST req.No ST req.0.04 ST / unit.
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Lodging houses, convents, monasteries, dormitories, fraternities, sororitiesLT0.50 LT / bed0.75 LT / bed1.0 LT / bedSeattle, Cambridge, San Fran0.50 LT / bed0.50 LT / bed0.50 LT / bed0.125 LT / bed0.25 LT / bed up to 100 beds, afterwhich 0.20 LT / bed. For student housing, 1.5 LT / bed up to 100 beds, afterwhich 0.75 LT / unit.
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ST0.20 ST / bed0.25 ST / bed0.30 ST / bedCambridgeNo ST req.No ST req.0.05 ST/ bedNo ST req.0.04 ST / bed. For student housing, 0.08 / bed.
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Hotels, motels, Tourist housesLT0.05 LT / rentable room0.075 LT / rentable room0.10 LT / rentable roomSeattle0.05 LT / rentable room0.05 LT / rentable room0.05 LT / hotel room0.02 LT / sleeping room2 LT or 0.05 LT / guest room0-5 employees: 0
6-20 employees: 1
21-80 employees: 2
Over 80: 0.05/employee
2 LT or 0.05 LT / rentable room
2 ST or 0.05 ST / rentable room
0.0333 LT / rentable room0.0333 LT / dwelling, housekeeping & sleeping unit; No req. for a bed & breakfast.
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ST0.05 ST / rentable room , PLUS 0.20 ST / 1,000 sf for conference/meeting rooms0.10 ST / rentable room , PLUS 0.35 ST / 1,000 sf for conference/meeting rooms0.20 ST / rentable room , PLUS 0.50 ST / 1,000 sf for conference/meeting roomsVancouver2 ST2 ST0.05 ST / sleeping room2 ST or 0.05 ST / guest room2 ST or 0.0333 ST / rentable room, PLUS 0.20 ST / 1,000 sf for conference & meeting space.6 ST for any development containing a minimum of 75 dwelling, housekeeping or sleeping units, or any combination thereof.
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Vancouver: Communal Care Facilities: Group Residence and DetoxificationLTTreated as medical center or congregate housingTreated as medical center or congregate housingTreated as medical center or congregate housing0.01 LT / bed
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STNo ST req.
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Vancouver-only: Live-Work UnitsLT1 LT / unit1.5 LT / unit2 LT / unitVancouver1.25 LT / unit
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ST0.50 ST / unit0.75 ST / unit1.0 ST / unitVancouver6 ST for any development containing 20 or more units
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Office, Retail, & Restaurants
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General or professional officesLT0.50 LT / 1,000 sq.ft1.0 LT / 1,000 sq.ft2.0 LT / 1,000 sq.ft2 LT or 0.15 LT / 1,000 sfSeattle UC/SAOs0.25 LT / 1,000 sf0.50 LT / 1,000 sf0.20 LT / 1,000 sf0.30 LT / 1,000 sf
0.06 ST / 1,000 sf
2 LT or 0.10 LT / 1,000 sf1 LT for 6,001-20,000 sf
0.10 LT / 1,000 sf >20,000 sf
0.20 LT / 1,000 sf. For professional offices, 0.125 LT / 1,000 sf in downtown; 0.10 LT / 1,000 sf everywhere else.2 LT or 0.10 LT / 1,000 sf0.20 LT / 1,000 sf0.186 LT / 1,000 sf0.186 LT / 1,000 sf
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ST0.10 ST / 1,000 sf0.25 ST / 1,000 sf0.50 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST or 0.05 ST / 1,000 sfSeattle0.083 ST / 1,000 sf0.083 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST or 0.20 ST / 1,000 sfFor professional offices, 0.0667 ST / 1,000 sf in downtown; 0.05 ST / 1,000 sf everywehere else.2 ST or 0.025 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST for offices over 5,000 sf + 1 additonal ST for every 50,000 sf6 ST for any development containing > 64,582 sf0.186 ST / 1,000 sf
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Arts/crafts studiosLT0.25 LT / 1,000 sq.ft0.50 LT / 1,000 sq.ft1.0 LT / 1,000 sq.ftSeattle UC/SAOs0.25 LT / 1,000 sf0.50 LT / 1,000 sf0.20 LT / 1,000 sf0.30 LT / 1,000 sf1 LT for 6,001-20,000 sf
0.10 LT / 1,000 sf >20,000 sf
2 LT or 0.10 LT / 1,000 sf2 LT or 0.20 LT / 1,000 sfNo LT req.
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ST0.10 ST / 1,000 sf0.25 ST / 1,000 sf0.50 ST / 1,000 sfSan Fran0.083 ST / 1,000 sf0.083 ST / 1,000 sf0.06 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST or 0.025 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST or 0.40 ST / 1,000 sfNo ST req.
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Technical offices, research labsLT0.25 LT / 1,000 sq.ft0.50 LT / 1,000 sq.ft1.0 LT / 1,000 sq.ft2 LT or 0.15 LT / 1,000 sfSeattle UC/SAOs0.25 LT / 1,000 sf0.50 LT / 1,000 sf0.20 LT / 1,000 sf0.20 LT / 1,000 sf2 LT or 0.10 LT / 1,000 sf1 LT for 6,001-20,000 sf
0.10 LT / 1,000 sf >20,000 sf
0.10 LT / 1,000 sf2 LT or 0.10 LT / 1,000 sf2 LT for > 5,000 sf, or 0.0833 LT / 1,000 sf0.186 LT / 1,000 sf0.186 LT / 1,000 sf
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ST0.10 ST / 1,000 sf0.25 ST / 1,000 sf0.50 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST or 0.05 ST / 1,000 sfCambridge0.025 ST / 1,000 sf0.025 ST / 1,000 sf0.06 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST or 0.10 LT / 1,000 sf0.20 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST or 0.025 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST; 4 ST for > 50,000 sf6 ST for > 64,582 sf0.186 ST / 1,000 sf
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Banks, financial offices (ground floor)LT0.25 LT / 1,000 sq.ft0.50 LT / 1,000 sq.ft1.0 LT / 1,000 sq.ft2 LT or 0.15 LT / 1,000 sfSeattle UC/SAOs0.25 LT / 1,000 sf0.50 LT / 1,000 sf0.20 LT / 1,000 sf0.30 LT / 1,000 sf2 LT or 0.10 LT / 1,000 sf1 LT for 6,001-20,000 sf
0.10 LT / 1,000 sf >20,000 sf
0.125 LT / 1,000 sf in downtown; 0.10 LT / 1,000 sf everywhere else.2 LT or 0.10 LT / 1,000 sf0.133 LT / 1,000 sf0.186 LT / 1,000 sf0.186 LT / 1,000 sf
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ST0.10 ST / 1,000 sf0.25 ST / 1,000 sf0.50 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST or 0.05 ST / 1,000 sfSan Fran0.025 ST / 1,000 sf0.025 ST / 1,000 sf0.50 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST or 0.10 LT / 1,000 sf0.0667 ST / 1,000 sf in downtown; 0.05 ST / 1,000 sf everywehere else2 ST or 0.025 ST / 1,000 sf2.0 ST + 1.333 ST / 1,000 sf6 ST for any development containing > 64,582 sf0.186 ST / 1,000 sf
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Sales & services, heavyLT0.25 LT / 1,000 sf0.50 LT / 1,000 sf0.75 LT / 1,000 sfSeattle0.25 LT / 1,000 sf0.25 LT / 1,000 sf0.20 LT / 1,000 sf for retail over 10,000 sf)2 LT or 0.10 LT / 1,000 sf1 LT for 6,001-20,000 sf
0.10 LT / 1,000 sf >20,000 sf
2 LT or 0.083 LT / 1,000 sf2 LT or 0.0667 LT / 1,000 sf
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ST0.10 ST / 1,000 sf0.25 ST / 1,000 sf0.50 ST / 1,000 sfSan Fran0.025 ST / 1,000 sf0.025 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST or 0.10 LT / 1,000 sf2 ST or 0.05 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST or 0.20 ST / 1,000 sf
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Retail stores, consumer serviceLT0.25 LT / 1,000 sf0.50 LT / 1,000 sf1.0 LT / 1,000 sf2 LT or 0.10 LT / 1,000 sfSeattle Downtown0.083 LT / 1,000 sf0.083 LT / 1,000 sf
0.20 LT / 1,000 sf (for retail over 10,000 sf)0.10 LT / 1,000 sf2 LT or 0.50 LT / 1,000 sf1 LT for 6,001-20,000 sf
0.10 LT / 1,000 sf >20,000 sf
2 LT or: 0.125 LT / 1,000 sf in downtown; 0.0833 LT / 1,000 sf everywhere else.2 LT or 0.083 LT / 1,000 sf0.133 LT / 1,000 sf0.186 LT / 1,000 sfFor shopping centre: 0.111 LT / 1,000 sf for first 53,820 sf, thereafter 0.056 LT / 1,000 sf
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ST0.25 ST / 1,000 sf0.50 ST / 1,000 sf1.0 ST / 1,000 sf2 LT or 0.20 ST / 1,000 sfSan Fran0.25 ST / 1,000 sf0.50 ST / 1,000 sf0.60 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST or 0.50 LT / 1,000 sf0.33 or 0.20 ST / 1,000 sf, depending on business type.2 ST or 0.20 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST or 0.40 ST / 1,000 sf up to 50,000 sf, afterwhich 0.10 ST / 1,000 sf (consumer/personal service is treated the same as financial services and restaurants & bars).0.557 ST / 1,000 sfFor shopping centre: 0.260 ST / 1,000 sf for first 53,820 sf, thereafter 0.130 ST / 1,000 sf
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Food & convenience storesLT0.25 LT / 1,000 sf0.50 LT / 1,000 sf1.0 LT / 1,000 sf2 LT or 0.10 LT / 1,000 sfSeattle Downtown0.083 LT / 1,000 sf0.083 LT / 1,000 sf0.20 LT / 1,000 sf (for retail over 10,000 sf)0.10 LT / 1,000 sf2 LT or 0.10 LT / 1,000 sf1 LT for 6,001-20,000 sf
0.10 LT / 1,000 sf >20,000 sf
2 LT or: 0.125 LT / 1,000 sf in downtown; 0.0833 LT / 1,000 sf everywhere else.2 LT or 0.083 LT / 1,000 sf0.133 LT / 1,000 sf0.186 LT / 1,000 sf
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ST0.50 ST / 1,000 sf1.0 ST / 1,000 sf2.0 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST or 0.50 ST / 1,000 sfCambridge0.25 ST / 1,000 sf0.50 ST / 1,000 sf1.00 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST or 0.10 LT / 1,000 sf0.50 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST or 0.20 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST or 0.40 ST / 1,000 sf up to 50,000 sf, afterwhich 0.10 ST / 1,000 sf0.557 ST / 1,000 sf
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Restaurants, barsLT0.25 LT / 1,000 sf0.50 LT / 1,000 sf1.5 LT / 1,000 sf2 LT or 0.10 LT / 1,000 sfLA0.083 LT / 1,000 sf0.083 LT / 1,000 sf0.20 LT / 1,000 sf2 LT or 0.50 LT / 1,000 sf1 LT for 6,001-20,000 sf
0.10 LT / 1,000 sf >20,000 sf
2 LT or: 0.125 LT / 1,000 sf in downtown; 0.0833 LT / 1,000 sf everywhere else.0.133 LT / 1,000 sf
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ST0.50 ST / 1,000 sf1.0 ST / 1,000 sf2.0 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST or 0.50 ST / 1,000 sfSan Fran0.25 ST / 1,000 sf0.50 ST / 1,000 sq.ft in UC/SAO1.00 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST or 0.50 LT / 1,000 sf0.50 ST / 1,000 sf (for some businesses it's 0.33 or 0.20 ST / 1,000 sf)2.0 ST + 1.333 ST / 1,000 sf
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Industrial
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Manufacturing & ProductionLT0.25 LT / 1,000 sf0.5 LT / 1,000 sf1.0 LT / 1,000 sf2 LT or 0.083 LT / 1,000 sfSeattle0.25 LT / 1,000 sf0.25 LT / 1,000 sf0.08 LT / 1,000 sf2 LT or 0.10 LT / 1,000 sf1 LT for 6,001-20,000 sf
0.10 LT / 1,000 sf >20,000 sf
2 LT or 0.0667 LT / 1,000 sf2 LT or 0.067 LT / 1,000 sf2 LT for > 5,000 sf, or 0.0833 LT / 1,000 sf0.093 LT / 1,000 sf or 0.059 / employee, whichever is greater0.0782 LT / 1,000 sf
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ST0.10 ST / 1,000 sf0.25 ST / 1,000 sf0.50 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST at each entrance; or as prescribed by agency directorLANo ST req.No ST req.0.06 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST or 0.10 ST / 1,000 sfNo ST req.No ST req.2 ST; 4 ST for > 50,000 sfNo ST req.0.0196 ST / 1,000 sf
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Warehouse & Freight MovementLT0.25 LT / 1,000 sf0.50 LT / 1,000 sf0.75 LT / 1,000 sfSeattle0.25 LT / 1,000 sf0.25 LT / 1,000 sf0.08 LT / 1,000 sf2 LT or 0.10 LT / 1,000 sf1 LT for 6,001-20,000 sf
0.10 LT / 1,000 sf >20,000 sf
2 ST or 0.025 LT / 1,000 sf2 LT or 0.025 LT / 1,000 sf0.025 LT / 1,000 sf0.093 LT / 1,000 sf or 0.059 / employee, whichever is greater0.0782 LT / 1,000 sf
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ST0.05 ST / 1,000 sf0.10 ST / 1,000 sf0.20 ST / 1,000 sfCambridgeNo ST req.No ST req.0.06 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST or 0.10 ST / 1,000 sfNo ST req.No ST req.No ST req.No ST req.0.0196 ST / 1,000 sf
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Auto repair, auto salesLT0.25 LT / 1,000 sf0.50 LT / 1,000 sf0.75 LT / 1,000 sf2 LT or 0.10 LT / 1,000 sfLA0.08 LT / 1,000 sf2 LT or 0.10 LT / 1,000 sf1 LT for 6,001-20,000 sf
0.10 LT / 1,000 sf >20,000 sf
2 LT or 0.0833 LT / 1,000 sf; for auto repair, 0.05 LT / employee2 LT or 0.0667 LT / 1,000 sf0.0782 LT / 1,000 sf
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ST0.10 ST / 1,000 sf0.20 ST / 1,000 sf0.40 ST / 1,000 sf2 LT or 0.05 ST / 1,000 sfSan Fran0.06 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST or 0.10 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST or 0.05 ST / 1,000 sf; no req. for auto repair2 ST or 0.20 ST / 1,000 sf0.0196 ST / 1,000 sf
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Events, Gathering, & Recreation
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Entertainment / Major Event EntertainmentLT0.075 LT / employee for stadiums/areas with capacity > 2,000 attendees.0.15 LT / employee for stadiums/areas with capacity > 2,000 attendees.0.30 LT / employee for stadiums/areas with capacity > 2,000 attendees.2 LT or 0.075 LT / employeeSan Fran0.083 LT / 1,000 sf0.083 LT / 1,000 sf0.10 LT / 1,000 sf1 LT for 6,001-20,000 sf
0.10 LT / 1,000 sf >20,000 sf
10 LT or 0.025 LT / seat0.05 LT / employee for stadiums/areas with capacity > 2,000 attendees.No LT req.
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ST0.05 ST / attendee for stadiums/arenas with capacity > 2,000 attendees, 50% of which must have valet (an attendant watching over).0.10 ST / attendee for stadiums/arenas with capacity > 2,000 attendees, 75% of which must have valet (an attendant watching over).0.20 ST / attendee for stadiums/arenas with capacity > 2,000 attendees, 75% of which must have valet (an attendant watching over).5% of max daily attendanceSan Fran0.025 ST / seat & 1 ST / 1,000 non-seat sf0.05 ST / seat & 1 ST / 1,000 non-seat sq.ft1.00 ST / 1,000 sfNo ST req.0.05 ST / attendee for stadiums/arenas with capacity > 2,000 attendees, a portion of which must have valet (an attendant watching over).0.02 ST / seat
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Theaters, gathering hallsLT0.075 LT / employee0.15 LT / employee0.30 LT / employee2 LT or 0.075 LT / employeeLA0.083 LT / 1,000 sf0.083 LT / 1,000 sf0.08 LT / 1,000 sf2 LT; 2.857 LT / 1,000 sf; or 0.02 LT / seat1 LT for 6,001-20,000 sf
0.10 LT / 1,000 sf >20,000 sf
5 LT for venues with < 500 capacity; 10 LT for venues with > 500 capacity.No LT req.
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ST0.05 ST / seat + 5.0 ST / 1,000 non-seat sf0.10 ST / seat + 10.0 ST / 1,000 non-seat sf0.20 ST / seat + 20.0 ST / 1,000 non-seat sf5% of max daily attendanceLA0.025 ST / seat & 1.0 ST / 1,000 non-seat sf0.05 ST / seat & 1.0 ST / 1,000 non-seat sf1.00 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST; 1.429 ST / 1,000 sf; or 0.01 ST / seat0.02 ST / seat0.02 ST / seat
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Parks & Commercial Outdoor RecreationLT0.10 LT / employee0.25 LT / employee0.50 LT / employee2 LT or 0.075 LT / employeePortland0.10 LT / 1,000 sf1 LT for 6,001-20,000 sf
0.10 LT / 1,000 sf >20,000 sf
10 LT or 0.05 LT / car
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ST5% of max expected attendance; or 0.50 ST / car (including adjacent on-street car parking), whichever is greatest. 10% of max expected attendance; or 1.0 ST / car (including adjacent on-street car parking), whichever is greatest.
At least 50% of the bike parking must be covered unless the park is smaller than 2 acres.
20% of max expected attendance; or 2.0 ST / car (including adjacent on-street car parking), whichever is greatest.
100% of the bike parking must be covered unless the park is smaller than 2 acres.
5% of max daily attendanceCambridge1.00 ST / 1,000 sf5 ST or 0.10 ST / 1,000 sfNo ST req.
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Fitness Centers & Indoor Sports CentersLT0.10 LT / 1,000 sf0.25 LT / 1,000 sf0.50 LT / 1,000 sfLA2 LT or 0.50 LT / 1,000 sf1 LT for 6,001-20,000 sf
0.10 LT / 1,000 sf >20,000 sf
0.372 LT / 1,000 sf
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ST0.75 ST / 1,000 sf1.5 ST / 1,000 sf3.0 ST / 1,000 sfVancouver2 ST or 0.50 ST / 1,000 sf1.115 ST / 1,000 sf
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Bowling Alleys, Billiard Hall, Arcade, CurlingLT0.50 LT / 1,000 sf0.75 LT / 1,000 sf1.5 LT / 1,000 sf1 LT for 6,001-20,000 sf
0.10 LT / 1,000 sf >20,000 sf
5 LT for venues with < 500 capacity; 10 LT for venues with > 500 capacity.No LT req.
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ST0.75 ST / 1,000 sf1.5 ST / 1,000 sf3.0 ST / 1,000 sf1 ST for every 500 seats or for every portion of each 50 person capacity.6 ST / each 40 tables, games, alleys or ice sheets.
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Civic & Cultural
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Community Service & Civic Centers Not Described BelowLT0.05 LT / employee0.15 LT / employee0.25 LT / employee2 LT or 0.15 LT / employeePortland1 LT for 6,001-20,000 sf
0.10 LT / 1,000 sf >20,000 sf
2 LT or 0.05 LT / 1,000 sf2 LT or 0.10 LT / 1,000 sf
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ST0.25 ST / 1,000 sf0.50 ST / 1,000 sf1.0 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST or 0.125 ST / 1,000 sfPortland2% of max expected daily attendance2 ST or 0.10 ST / 1,000 sf
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Community Club/CenterLT0.25 LT / 1,000 sf0.50 LT / 1,000 sf1.0 LT / 1,000 sf2 LT or 0.075 LT / employeeSeattle0.25 LT / 1,000 sf0.25 LT / 1,000 sf1 LT for 6,001-20,000 sf
0.10 LT / 1,000 sf >20,000 sf
2 LT or 0.20 LT / 1,000 sf0.186 LT / 1,000 sf
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ST0.25 ST / 1,000 sf0.50 ST / 1,000 sf1.0 ST / 1,000 sf5% of max daily attendanceSan Fran0.25 ST / 1,000 sf0.25 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST or 0.40 ST / 1,000 sf0.372 ST / 1,000 sf
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LibrariesLT0.05 LT / employee0.15 LT / employee0.25 LT / employee2 LT or 0.15 LT / employeeSeattle0.25 LT / 1,000 sf0.25 LT / 1,000 sf1 LT for 6,001-20,000 sf
0.10 LT / 1,000 sf >20,000 sf
2 LT or 0.05 LT / 1,000 sf2 LT or 0.20 LT / 1,000 sf0.186 LT / 1,000 sf
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ST0.25 ST / 1,000 sf0.50 ST / 1,000 sf1.0 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST or 0.125 ST / 1,000 sfDowntown Seattle0.25 ST / 1,000 sf0.50 ST / 1,000 sf2% of max expected daily attendance2 ST or 0.40 ST / 1,000 sf0.372 ST / 1,000 sf
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MuseumsLT0.05 LT / employee0.15 LT / employee0.25 LT / employee2 LT or 0.15 LT / employeeSeattle0.25 LT / 1,000 sf0.25 LT / 1,000 sf1 LT for 6,001-20,000 sf
0.10 LT / 1,000 sf >20,000 sf
2 LT or 0.05 LT / 1,000 sf2 LT or 0.20 LT / 1,000 sf0.186 LT / 1,000 sf
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ST0.25 ST / 1,000 sf0.50 ST / 1,000 sf1.0 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST or 0.125 ST / 1,000 sfSan Fran0.25 ST / 1,000 sf0.25 ST / 1,000 sf2% of max expected daily attendance2 ST or 0.40 ST / 1,000 sf0.372 ST / 1,000 sf
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Churches & Places of WorshipLT0.25 LT / 1,000 sf0.50 LT / 1,000 sf0.75 LT / 1,000 sf2 LT or 0.075 LT / employeePortland0.083 LT / 1,000 sf0.083 LT / 1,000 sf0.08 LT / 1,000 sf1 LT for 6,001-20,000 sf
0.10 LT / 1,000 sf >20,000 sf
2 LT; or 0.025 LT / seat; or 0.25 LT / 1,000 sf1 LT or 0.25 LT / 1,000 sf5 LT for venues with < 500 capacity; 10 LT for venues with > 500 capacity.No LT req.
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ST0.25 ST / 1,000 sf0.50 ST / 1,000 sf1.0 ST / 1,000 sf5% of max daily attendanceOakland0.083 ST / seat + 1 ST / 1,000 non-seat sf0.083 ST / seat + 1 ST / 1,000 non-seat sf0.50 ST / 1,000 sf2 LT; 0.025 ST / seat; or 0.50 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST or 0.50 ST / 1,000 sf0.02 ST / seat6 ST
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Medical
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Medical OfficesLT0.10 LT / 1,000 sf0.25 LT / 1,000 sf0.50 LT / 1,000 sf2 ST; 0.075 LT / employee; or 0.02 LT / 1,000 sfCambridge0.083 LT / 1,000 sf0.083 LT / 1,000 sf0.30 LT / 1,000 sf1 LT for 6,001-20,000 sf
0.10 LT / 1,000 sf >20,000 sf
2 LT, 0.0833 LT / 1,000 sf2 LT or 0.014 LT / 1,000 sf
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ST0.25 ST / 1,000 sf0.50 ST / 1,000 sf1.0 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST or 0.125 ST / 1,000 sfSeattle UC/SAOs & Cambridge0.25 ST / 1,000 sf0.50 ST / 1,000 sf0.50 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST or 0.20 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST or 0.025 ST / 1,000 sf
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Medical ClinicsLT0.10 LT / 1,000 sf0.25 LT / 1,000 sf0.50 LT / 1,000 sf2 ST; 0.075 LT / employee; or 0.02 LT / 1,000 sfCambridge & San Fran0.083 LT / 1,000 sf0.083 LT / 1,000 sf0.20 LT / 1,000 sf1 LT for 6,001-20,000 sf
0.10 LT / 1,000 sf >20,000 sf
2 LT, 0.0833 LT / 1,000 sf2 LT or 0.014 LT / 1,000 sf0.20 LT / 1,000 sf
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ST0.25 ST / 1,000 sf0.50 ST / 1,000 sf1.0 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST or 0.125 ST / 1,000 sfCambridge & Seattle UC/SAOs0.25 ST / 1,000 sf0.50 ST / 1,0000.50 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST or 0.20 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST or 0.025 ST / 1,000 sf4 ST at every entrance or 0.0667 ST / 1,000 sf
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HospitalsLT0.25 LT / 1,000 sf0.50 LT / 1,000 SF1.0 LT / 1,000 SF2 ST; 0.075 LT / employee; or 0.02 LT / 1,000 sfSeattle UC/SAO0.25 LT / 1,000 sf0.50 LT / 1,000 sf0.20 LT / 1,000 sf2 LT or 0.10 LT / 1,000 sf1 LT for 6,001-20,000 sf
0.10 LT / 1,000 sf >20,000 sf
2 LT, 0.05 LT / employee, or 0.014 LT / 1,000 sf2 LT or 0.014 LT / 1,000 sf0.0667 LT / 1,000 sf0.059 LT / employee on a maximum work shift. (this might work-out to 0.20 LT / 1,000 sf)
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ST4 ST at every entrance; 0.05 ST / 1,000 sf6 ST at every entrance; 0.10 ST / 1,000 sf8 ST at every entrance; 0.20 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST or 0.05 ST / 1,000 sfSan Fran0.025 ST / 1,000 sf0.025 ST / 1,000 sf0.10 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST or 0.20 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST or 0.025 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST or 0.025 ST / 1,000 sf4 ST at every entrance or 0.0333 ST / 1,000 sf
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Education
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College or university academic or administrative facilitiesLT0.15 LT / employee & max planned student capacity. If building new building on campus without adding employees/students, then 0.05 LT / 1,000 sf.0.25 LT / employee & max planned student capacity. If building new building on campus without adding employees/students, then 0.10 LT / 1,000 sf.0.35 LT / employee & max planned student capacity. If building new building on campus without adding employees/students, then 0.20 LT / 1,000 sf.0.15 LT / student; or 0.05 LT / 1,000 sf, whichever is greaterLA0.10 LT / student + 0.05 LT / employee0.10 LT / student + 0.05 LT / employee0.20 LT / 1,000 sf2 LT; 2.0 LT / 1,000 sf; or 0.02 LT / seat1 LT for 6,001-20,000 sf
0.10 LT / 1,000 sf >20,000 sf
2 LT or 0.05 LT / 1,000 sf0.05 LT / 1,000 sf0.059 LT / employee plus 0.04 LT / student during maximum attendance period.
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ST0.10 ST / max planned student capacity. If building new building on campus without adding employees/students, then 0.25 ST / 1,000 sf.0.20 ST / max planned student capacity. If building new building on campus without adding employees/students, then 0.50 ST / 1,000 sf.0.30 ST / max planned student capacity. If building new building on campus without adding employees/students, then 1.0 ST / 1,000 sf.2 ST or 0.10 ST / studentLANo ST req.No ST req.0.40 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST; 1.0 ST / 1,000 sf; or 0.01 ST / seat2 ST or 0.10 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST or 0.20 ST / 1,000 sf0.06 ST / student on a maximum attendance period.
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College or university student activity facilitiesLT0.15 LT / employee & max planned student capacity. If building new building on campus without adding employees/students, then 0.05 LT / 1,000 sf.0.25 LT / employee & max planned student capacity. If building new building on campus without adding employees/students, then 0.10 LT / 1,000 sf.0.35 LT / employee & max planned student capacity. If building new building on campus without adding employees/students, then 0.20 LT / 1,000 sf.0.15 LT / student; or 0.05 LT / 1,000 sf, whichever is greaterLA0.10 LT / student + 0.05 LT / employee0.10 LT / student + 0.05 LT / employee0.20 LT / 1,000 sf2 LT; 2.0 LT / 1,000 sf; or 0.02 LT / seat1 LT for 6,001-20,000 sf
0.10 LT / 1,000 sf >20,000 sf
2 LT or 0.05 LT / 1,000 sf0.05 LT / 1,000 sf0.059 LT / employee plus 0.04 LT / student during maximum attendance period.
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ST0.10 ST / max planned student capacity. If building new building on campus without adding employees/students, then 0.25 ST / 1,000 sf.0.20 ST / max planned student capacity. If building new building on campus without adding employees/students, then 0.50 ST / 1,000 sf.0.30 ST / max planned student capacity. If building new building on campus without adding employees/students, then 1.0 ST / 1,000 sf.2 ST or 0.10 ST / studentLANo ST req.No ST req.1.0 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST; 1.0 ST / 1,000 sf; or 0.01 ST / seat2 ST or 0.10 ST / 1,000 sf2 ST or 0.20 ST / 1,000 sf0.06 ST / student during maximum attendance period.
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K-12 Schools:
Grades: 9-12
LT2.5 LT / classroom5 LT / classroom10 LT / classroom2 LT or 0.15 LT / employee PLUS 0.075 LT / studentPortland & San Fran2.0 LT / classroom2.0 LT / classroomSee zoning2 LT or 4.0 LT / classroom1 LT for 6,001-20,000 sf
0.10 LT / 1,000 sf >20,000 sf
4.0 LT / classroom4.0 LT / classroom0.059 LT / employee plus 0.04 LT / student during maximum attendance period.0.10 LT / employee
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ST0.075 ST / student0.15 ST / student0.30 ST / student2 ST or 0.075 ST / studentVictoriaNo ST req.No ST req.2 ST or 1.0 ST / classroomNo ST req.1.0 ST / classroom0.06 ST / student during maximum attendance period.0.20 ST / student
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K-12 Schools:
Grades: 6-8
LT2.5 LT / classroom5 LT / classroom10 LT / classroom2 LT or 0.15 LT / employee PLUS 0.075 LT / studentPortland & San Fran2.0 LT / classroom2.0 LT / classroomSee zoning2 LT or 4.0 LT / classroom1 LT for 6,001-20,000 sf
0.10 LT / 1,000 sf >20,000 sf
4.0 LT / classroom4.0 LT / classroom0.059 LT / employee0.10 LT / employee
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ST0.075 ST / student0.15 ST / student0.30 ST / student2 ST or 0.075 ST / studentVictoriaNo ST req.No ST req.2 ST or 1.0 ST / classroomNo ST req.1.0 ST / classroom0.05 ST / student during maximum attendance period.0.20 ST / student
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K-12 Schools: Grades: K-5LT2.5 LT / classroom5 LT / classroom10 LT / classroom2 LT or 0.15 LT / employee; for grades 4-6, add 0.075 LT / student.Portland & San Fran1.0 LT / classroom1.0 LT / classroomSee zoning2 LT or 4.0 LT / classroom1 LT for 6,001-20,000 sf
0.10 LT / 1,000 sf >20,000 sf
2.0 LT / classroom2.0 LT / classroom0.059 LT / employee0.10 LT / employee
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ST0.075 ST / student0.15 ST / student0.30 ST / student2 ST or 0.075 ST / studentVictoriaNo ST req.No ST req.2 ST or 1.0 ST / classroomNo ST req.1.0 ST / classroom0.05 ST / student during maximum attendance period.0.10 / student
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DaycareLT0.075 LT / employee0.15 LT / employee0.30 LT / employee2 LT or 0.075 LT / employeeSeattle & Portland0.25 LT / 1,000 sf0.25 LT / 1,000 sf1 LT for 6,001-20,000 sf
0.10 LT / 1,000 sf >20,000 sf
2 LT or 0.25 / 1,000 sf2 LT or 0.05 ST / childNo LT req.
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ST0.05 ST / child0.10 ST / child0.20 ST / child2 ST or 0.075 ST / childSan Fran0.025 ST / 1,000 sf0.025 ST / 1,000 sfNo ST req.0.05 ST / childNo ST req.
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Transportation
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Light Rail Stations, Transit Centers, Park & Ride lots, & Ferry TerminalsLT7% of AM Peak ridership. Light rail stations within a mile of each other in dense urban environments may combine their long-term parking requirement at a single station.10% of AM Peak ridership. Light rail stations within a mile of each other in dense urban environments may combine their long-term parking requirement at a single station.15% of AM Peak ridership. Light rail stations within a mile of each other in dense urban environments may combine their long-term parking requirement at a single station.7% of projected AM peak period daily ridership.Seattle20 LT20 LT1 LT for 6,001-20,000 sf
0.10 LT / 1,000 sf >20,000 sf
8 LT
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ST6 ST or 2% of AM peak daily ridership.8 ST or 3.5% of AM peak daily ridership.10 ST or 5% of AM peak daily ridership.2% of AM peak period daily ridership.SeattleNo ST req.No ST req.No ST req.
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Commercial Parking & Parking StructuresLT0.05 LT / car parking spot. Unlike the other long-term parking requirements for other land uses, commercial parking structures may charge for secured long-term parking.0.10 LT / car parking spot. Unlike the other long-term parking requirements for other land uses, commercial parking structures may charge for secured long-term parking.0.20 LT / car parking spot. Unlike the other long-term parking requirements for other land uses, commercial parking structures may charge for secured long-term parking.2 ST or 0.05 LT / car; surface-only lots exceptedPortland0.05 LT / car0.05 LT / car0.10 LT / car, triggered at 5, 21, & 41 car stalls (no rounding up until 41)2 LT or 0.05 LT / car10 LT or 0.05 LT / car

No bicycle parking is required for a Commercial Parking facility on a surface parking lot in the Central City plan district.
No LT req.As determined by the Director of Planning in consultation with the City Engineer.
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ST0.05 ST / car parking spot0.05 ST / car parking spot0.10 ST / car parking spot6 ST or 0.10 ST / car; surface-only lots exceptedSan Fran & OaklandNo ST req.No ST req.6 LT or 0.05 ST / carNo ST req.6 ST or 0.05 ST / carAs determined by the Director of Planning in consultation with the City Engineer.
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Additional NotesAny institution not specifically listed has bike parking requirements of:
0.25 LT / 1,000 sf
0.50 LT / 1,000 sf in UC/SAO
0.025 ST / 1,000 sf
Up to 4 required LT bicycle parking spaces (or up to 20% of the required number, whichever is greater) may be provided as short-term bicycle parking spaces.All Non-Residential Use, except as otherwise noted have the following requirements:
0 LT for 0-6,000 sf
1 LT for 6,001-20,000 sf
0.10 LT / 1,000 sf >20,000 sf
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All bike rack requirements only go up to 100 spaces, after which the rack requirements are 50%.“Low Occupancy Facilities” have the bike parking requirements of:
0-5 employees: 0
6-20 employees: 1
21-80 employees: 2
Over 80: 0.05/employee
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Other Code Requirements
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Zoning Incentives:
Reduced Car Parking Requirements
Portland & LAIn all land use zones except for Downtown & Major Institution Zones:
For every 4 covered bicycle parking spaces provided, the requirement shall be reduced by 1 space, up to a maximum of 5% of the parking requirement, provided that there is access to an arterial over improved streets.
New or existing automobile parking spaces required by the Code for all uses may be replaced by bicycle parking at a ratio of one automobile parking space for every four bicycle parking spaces provided. Notwithstanding the foregoing, no more than 20 percent of the required automobile parking spaces for nonresidential uses shall be replaced at a site. Automobile parking spaces for nonresidential projects or buildings located within 1,500 feet of a portal of a fixed rail transit station, bus station, or other similar transit facility, as defined by Section 12.24.Y, may replace up to 30 percent of the required automobile parking spaces with bicycle parking. For buildings with less than 20 required automobile parking spaces, up to 4 parking spaces may be replaced.

Residential buildings may replace 10 percent of the required automobile parking with bicycle parking. Automobile parking spaces for residential projects or buildings located within 1 ,500 feet of a portal of a fixed rail transit station, bus station, or other similar transit facility as defined by Section 12.24. Y may replace up to 15 percent of the required automobile parking spaces with bicycle parking. If a residential building has applied for and received a density bonus under Section 12.22.A.25, 30 percent of the required automobile parking may be replaced. In such cases, the replacement of automobile parking with bicycle parking shall be implemented in lieu of the parking options in Section 12.22.A.25(d).
Bicycle parking may substitute for up to 25 percent of required parking. For every five non-required bicycle parking spaces that meet the short or long-term bicycle parking standards, the motor vehicle parking requirement is reduced by one space. Existing parking may be converted to take advantage of this provision.Allows for a developer to reduce vehcile parking for complying with bike parking requirements. No ratio is described, so it's possibly a 1:1 ratio.For an office use, every 5 LT bike spaces can reduce the number of vehicle parking stalls by 1.

For a hospital, elementary school, secondary school, college, university, manufacturing use, transportation and storage use, utility & communication use, or wholesale use, every 5 LT bike spaces can reduce the number of vehicle parking stalls by 1, except the number of bike spaces which may count toward the calculation is not to exceed one space for every 10 employees.
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Zoning Incentives: FAR ExemptionsThe square footage of shower facilities is not included in FAR calculations for downtown development.For development projects in the CX & EX zones (outside the South Waterfront Subdistrict),locker room facilities and extra long-term bicycle parking receive a 40-1 sf FAR bonus, provided the locker room facility includes showers, a dressing area, and lockers; all tenants of the building are able to use the locker room; and >110% of the required long-term bike parking is provided. These amenities are required, without bonus, for South Waterfront.
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Design Standards for Long-Term Bike ParkingBicycle parking hardware shall be installed so that it can perform to its manufacturer's specifications and any design criteria promulgated by the Director of Transportation, allowing adequate clearance for bicycles and their riders.

Bicycle rack designs shall accommodate locking of the bicycle frame and both wheels with chains, cables, or U-shaped bicycle locks to an immovable rack or stall.

When any covered automobile parking is provided, all required long-term bicycle parking shall be covered.
Long-term Bicycle Parking may be provided in the following types of facilities:
• Enclosed spaces in a building, such as bicycle rooms or garages.
• Bicycle sheds, covered bicycle cages, or other fully covered and enclosed structures within 200 feet of the main building entrance.
• Bicycle lockers, or fixed-in-place containers wherein single bicycles may be securely stored and protected.
• Weather-protected bicycle parking spaces that are monitored at all times by an attendant or other security system.
Features of an acceptable bicycle rack:
• Installed on a permanent foundation (e.g., concrete pad) to ensure stability.
• Securely anchored into or on the foundation with tamper-proof nuts if surface mounted.
• Support for an upright bicycle by its frame horizontally in 2 or more places.
• Keeps both bike wheels on the ground.
• Design that prevents the bicycle from tipping over.
• Ability to support a variety of bicycle sizes and frame shapes.
• Space to secure the frame and one or both wheels to the rack with a cable, chain, or u-lock.
• Diameter of locking pole is no more than 1.5 inches.
• Galvanized or stainless steel racks are recommended (and required for racks on public property) because they hold up best.

Acceptable racks, like the “Inverted U,” “Swerve,” and “Post and Ring” racks, have two-point support and fit a variety of bicycle types. Custom designs and “artistic” racks can also be used, provided they meet the performance criteria for bicycle racks.

Unacceptable Bicycle Racks:
• Support the bicycle at only one point.
• Allow the bicycle to fall, which can damage the bike and block pedestrian right-of-way.
• Have sharp edges, that can be hazardous to the visually impaired.
• Support the bicycle by one wheel.
• Connect to each other with a bar on top (that can block handlebars and baskets.
• Suspend any part of the bike in the air or require that the bicycle be lifted to get it into position.

Enclosed rack area with 20 or more racks, with pedestrian aisle and at least 5% of spaces providing an additional 2 feet of space for tandems and trailers.
Bicycle racks. The Office of Transportation maintains a handbook of racks and siting guidelines that meet the standards of this paragraph. Required bicycle parking may be provided in floor, wall, or ceiling racks. Where required bicycle parking is provided in racks, the racks must meet the following standards:
a. The bicycle frame and one wheel can be locked to the rack with a high-security, U-shaped shackle lock if both wheels are left on the bicycle.
b. A space 2 feet by 6 feet must be provided for each required bicycle parking space, so that a bicycle six feet long can be securely held with its frame supported so that the bicycle cannot be pushed or fall in a manner that will damage the wheels or components.
c. The rack must be securely anchored.

Bicycle lockers. Where required bicycle parking is provided in lockers, the lockers must be securely anchored.

Covered bicycle parking. Covered bicycle parking, as required by this section, can be provided inside buildings, under roof overhangs or awnings, in bicycle lockers, or within or under other structures. Where required covered bicycle parking is not within a building or locker, the cover must be: Permanent; Designed to protect the bicycle from rainfall; and At least 7 feet above the floor or ground.
LT spaces shall protect the entire bicycle, its components and accessories against theft and inclement weather, including wind-driven rain. Acceptable forms of LT spaces include (A) individual Lockers, (B) Attended Facilities, (C) Monitored Parking, (D) Restricted Access Parking, and (E) Stacked Parking, as defined in Section 155.1 and further detailed in Zoning Administrator Bulletin No. 9. When LT spaces are provided as Restricted Access Parking, bicycle racks shall follow the specifications in subsection 2 below (for ST parking). Stacked Parking spaces may be used to satisfy any Class 1 required space. However, Class 1 spaces shall not require manually lifting the entire bicycle more than three inches to be placed in the space, except as provided in subsection (3) below for Vertical Bicycle Parking. Vancouver has detailed requirements for Long-Term Bike Parking in its "Parking Bylaw" section 6.3, available http://bylaws.vancouver.ca/parking/sec06.pdf. These requirements include requiring:
• The space be enclosed;
• A locked door entry;
• The entirety of the room/cage be visible from the door;
• Specific clearance and spacing requirements for each rack;
• At least 50% of the racks be horizontal, not vertical;
• At least 20% of the bike spaces must be lockers;
• Every two LT racks require 1 electric outlet;
• Each bike rack space should be numbered; the compound/cage cannot hold more than 40 bikes;
• The room/cage must be visible from a security guard, elevator, or entryway;
• Must be lit by a motion-activated light;
• For a non-dwelling use, a minimum number of clothing lockers equal to 0.7 times the minimum number of required LT spaces shall be provided for each sex.
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Short-Term Rack Design StandardsBicycle parking hardware shall be installed so that it can perform to its manufacturer's specifications and any design criteria promulgated by the Director of Transportation, allowing adequate clearance for bicycles and their riders.

Bicycle rack designs shall accommodate locking of the bicycle frame and both wheels with chains, cables, or U-shaped bicycle locks to an immovable rack or stall.
Same as Long-Term Rack Design Standards.The Office of Transportation maintains a handbook of racks and siting guidelines that meet the standards of this paragraph. The racks must meet the following standards:
a. The bicycle frame and one wheel can be locked to the rack with a high security, U-shaped shackle lock if both wheels are left on the bicycle;
b. A space 2 feet by 6 feet must be provided for each required bicycle parking space, so that a bicycle six feet long can be securely held with its frame supported so that the bicycle cannot be pushed or fall in a manner that will damage the wheels or components.
c. The rack must be securely anchored.
(2) ST spaces shall meet the following design standards:
(A) Bicycle racks shall permit the locking of the bicycle frame and one wheel to the rack with a U-lock without removal of the wheel, and shall support the bicycle in a stable, upright position without damage to wheels, frame or components. ST spaces are encouraged, but not required, to include weather protection, as feasible and appropriate. (B) The surface of bicycle parking spaces need not be paved but shall be finished to avoid mud and dust.
(C) All bicycle racks shall be securely anchored to the ground or building structure, with tamperresistant hardware.
(D) Bicycle parking spaces may not interfere with pedestrian circulation.
- All required ST bicycle spaces shall be provided in racks which provide a minimum width of 0.3 metre for each bicycle.
- All required ST bicycle spaces shall be independently accessible by means of an aisle with a minimum width of 1.2 metres which is separate from pedestrian access. There shall be unrestricted access behind the space of a minimum length of 0.5 metre.
- ST bicycle space racks shall be constructed of sturdy theft-resistant material and shall have secure theft-resistant anchoring to the floor or ground. The bicycle rack shall support the bicycle frame above the centre of gravity and shall enable the bicycle frame and front wheel to be locked to the rack with a U-style lock.
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Location Standards for Long-Term Bike ParkingRequired bicycle parking shall be provided in a safe, accessible and convenient location.

Bicycle parking required for residential uses must be located on-site.

Bicycle parking facilities required for nonresidential uses shall be located on the lot or in a shared bicycle parking facility within 100 feet of the lot.

Directional signage shall be installed when bike parking facilities are not clearly visible from the street or sidewalk.

When located off-street, bicycle and automobile parking areas must be separated by a barrier or painted lines.
Long-term Bicycle Parking must be located in an enclosed, limited-access area designed to protect bicycles from precipitation and from theft.

Long-term Bicycle Parking may be provided in the following types of facilities:
• Enclosed spaces in a building, such as bicycle rooms or garages.
• Bicycle sheds, covered bicycle cages, or other fully covered and enclosed structures within 200 feet of the main building entrance.
• Bicycle lockers, or fixed-in-place containers wherein single bicycles may be securely stored and protected.
• Weather-protected bicycle parking spaces that are monitored at all times by an attendant or other security system.

Bicycle parking in parking garages must be either on the same level as the entrance to the garage from the street or accessible via automobile ramps designed to serve bicyclists (with slope of less than 5% or less than 8% with a landing every 30 feet), or near an elevator that is sufficiently large to accommodate bicycles.

Where long-term bicycle parking [in a parking garage] is next to automobile parking or loading, a physical barrier, such as bollards, must be provided.
Distance to other Racks:
• Rack units aligned parallel to each other (side by side) must be at least 3 feet apart. This includes racks that are sold as multiple rack units attached together.
• Rack units aligned end to end must be at least 8 feet apart.
Distance from Wall:
• Rack units placed perpendicular to a wall must be at least 4 feet from the wall to the center of the rack.
• Rack units parallel to a wall must be at least 3 feet from the rack to the wall.

Where 20 or more bicycle parking spaces are required, at least 5% of the spaces must be 10 feet long instead of 8 feet to allow space for tandems and trailers.
Long-term bicycle parking must be located on the site or in an area where the closest point is within 300 feet of the site.

To provide security, long-term bicycle parking must be in at least one of the following locations:
(1) In a locked room;
(2) In an area that is enclosed by a fence with a locked gate. The fence must be either 8 feet high, or be floor-to-ceiling;
(3) Within view of an attendant or security guard;
(4) Within 100 feet of an attendant or security guard;
(5) In an area that is monitored by a security camera; or
(6) In an area that is visible from employee work areas.

At least 50 percent of required long-term bicycle parking must be covered.

Required long-term bicycle parking spaces must be available for employees, students, residents, commuters, and others who stay at the site for several hours.

Parking & Maneuvering Areas:
a. Each required bicycle parking space must be accessible without moving another bicycle.
b. There must be an aisle at least 5 feet wide behind all required bicycle parking to allow room for bicycle maneuvering.
c. The area devoted to bicycle parking must be hard surfaced.
(1) LT spaces shall be located with direct access for bicycles without requiring use of stairs. The location of such spaces shall allow bicycle users to ride to the entrance of the space or the entrance of the lobby leading to the space. The design shall provide safe and convenient access to and from bicycle parking facilities. Safe and convenient means include, but are not limited to, ramps and wide hallways as described below. Escalators and stairs are not considered safe and convenient means of ingress and egress and shall not be used. Use of elevators to access bicycle parking spaces shall be minimized for all uses and if necessary shall follow the requirements below. Bicycle parking shall be at least as conveniently located as the most convenient nondisabled car parking provided for the subject use. Residential buildings shall not use space in dwelling units, balconies or required private open space for required LT bicycle parking. LT bicycle parking can be stored within the allowable 100 square feet yard obstruction described in Section 136(c)(23) of this Code. LT bicycle parking spaces shall be located:
(A) On the ground floor within 100 feet of the major entrance to the lobby. There shall be either:
(i) convenient access to and from the street to the bicycle parking space and another entrance from the bicycle parking space to the lobby area, or
(ii) a minimum five foot wide hallway or lobby space that leads to the bicycle parking major entrance, where direct access to bicycle parking space from the street does not exist. Such access route may include up to two limited constriction points, such as doorways, provided that these constrictions are no narrower than three feet wide and extend for no more than one foot of distance.
(B) In the off-street automobile parking area, where lot configurations or other limitations do not allow bicycle parking spaces to be located near the lobby as described in subsection (A) above. Bicycle parking spaces shall be located on the first level of automobile parking either above or below grade and still be located near elevators or other pedestrian entrances to the building.
(C) One level above or below grade, where the two options above will not be possible due to an absence of automobile parking, small or unusual lot configurations, or other unique limitations. In such cases, ramps or elevators shall be provided to access the bicycle parking space and the bicycle parking spaces shall be near the elevators or other entrance to that story. At least one designated access route meeting the dimensional requirements described in (A) above shall connect a primary building entrance to the bicycle parking facility. For non-residential uses, any elevator necessary to access bicycle parking facilities larger than 50 spaces shall have clear passenger cab dimensions of at least 70 square feet and shall not be less than seven feet in any dimension.
....
(3) Vertical Bicycle Parking. Vertical Bicycle Parking shall enable the bicycle to be locked to a rack or other object permanently affixed to a wall. Vertical Bicycle Parking may satisfy required bicycle parking pursuant to Section 155.2 and 155.3 where:
(A) Such parking is primarily an Attended Facility where facility staff parks the bicycles or such racks provide mechanical assistance for lifting the bicycle; or ...
(B) No more than one-third of the required LT bicycle parking is provided as Vertical Bicycle Parking; or
(C) ST ... .
• The room/cage must be visible from a security guard, elevator, or entryway;
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Location Standards for Short-Term Bike ParkingRequired bicycle parking shall be provided in a safe, accessible and convenient location.

Bicycle parking required for residential uses must be located on-site.

Bicycle parking facilities required for nonresidential uses shall be located on the lot or in a shared bicycle parking facility within one hundred (100) feet of the lot.

Bicycle parking facilities shared by more than one use are encouraged.
Short-term bicycle parking must be located in a publicly accessible space within 50 feet of pedestrian entrances. Short-term bicycle parking is intended primarily to serve visitors, such as retail patrons making trips of up to a few hours; however, it may serve other bicycle users as needed.

Bicycle racks inside parking garages must still meet the security standards of short-term racks or lockers.
Distance to other Racks:
• Rack units aligned parallel to each other (side by side) must be at least 3 feet apart. This includes racks that are sold as multiple rack units attached together.
• Rack units aligned end to end must be at least 8 feet apart.

Distance from a Curb:
• Rack units placed perpendicular to the curb must be at least 4 feet from the curb to the center of the rack.
• Rack units placed parallel to the curb must be at least 2 feet from the curb to the rack.

Racks should be at least 14 feet from curbside fire hydrants and 6 feet from wall fire hydrants.

Rack units perpendicular to a pedestrian aisle must be at least 4 feet from the center of the rack to the edge of the aisle, and have at least a 5 feet wide aisle.
Required short-term bicycle parking spaces must be available for shoppers, customers, messengers, and other visitors to the site.

Parking & Maneuvering Areas:
a. Each required bicycle parking space must be accessible without moving another bicycle;
b. There must be an aisle at least 5 feet wide behind all required bicycle parking to allow room for bicycle maneuvering. Where the bicycle parking is adjacent to a sidewalk, the maneuvering area may extend into the right-of-way; and
c. The area devoted to bicycle parking must be hard surfaced.
(2) ST spaces shall be located, as feasible, near all main pedestrian entries to the uses to which they are accessory, and should not be located in or immediately adjacent to service, trash or loading areas. Further standards for specific uses include:
(A) All uses, except non-accessory garages and parking lots, may locate ST bicycle parking in a public right-of-way, such as on a sidewalk or in place of an on-street auto parking space, within 100 feet of a main entry to the subject building, subject to demonstration of preliminary approval by the necessary City agencies. If existing ST bicycle parking in the required quantities already exists in a public right-of-way immediately fronting the subject lot, and such
spaces are not satisfying bicycle parking requirements for another use, such parking shall be deemed to meet the ST requirement for that use. Parking meters, poles, signs, or other street furniture shall not be used to satisfy ST bicycle parking requirements, unless other
public agencies have specifically designed and designated these structures for the parking of a bicycle.
(B) Non-residential uses other than non-accessory garages and parking lots, may locate ST spaces in required non-residential open space (such as open space required by Sections 135.3 and 138 of this Code), provided that such bicycle parking does not occupy more than five percent of the open space area or 120 square feet, whichever is greater, and does not affect pedestrian circulation in the open space.
(C) Non-Accessory Garages and Parking Lots shall place ST spaces within the garage in a location that will protect them from wind-driven rain near a primary entrance.
....
(3) Vertical Bicycle Parking. Vertical Bicycle Parking shall enable the bicycle to be locked to a rack or other object permanently affixed to a wall. Vertical Bicycle Parking may satisfy required bicycle parking pursuant to Section 155.2 and 155.3 where:
(A) Such parking is primarily an Attended Facility where facility staff parks the bicycles or such racks provide mechanical assistance for lifting the bicycle; ...
(B) ...
(C) ST spaces for Personal Services, Restaurants, Limited Restaurants, and Bars, as defined in Table 155.2(16) are provided either indoors or outdoors. In such cases, no more than one-third of all required ST bicycle parking shall be provided as Vertical Bicycle Parking. ST bicycle parking for uses other than those defined in Table 155.2(16) shall not provide any of the required spaces as Vertical Bicycle Parking.
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Signage Requirements for Bicycle Parking. Where ST bicycle parking areas are not located in an outdoor location clearly visible to bicyclists approaching from adjacent public roadways or paths, signs shall indicate the locations of the facilities on the exterior of the building at each major entrance and in other appropriate locations. Such signs shall be not less than 12 inches square and shall use the template provided in Zoning Administrator Bulletin No. 9. Where necessary, additional directional signage to the bicycle parking area shall be provided.
- ST bicycle space racks shall be provided in a convenient, well-lit location that provides visual surveillance by occupants of the building the racks are intended to serve. If the racks are not readily visible to visitors to a site, directional signage to the racks shall be provided.
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Charging for Bike ParkingExcept for non-accessory parking garages, bicycle parking required by Section 155.2 shall be provided at no cost or fee to building occupants, tenants and visitors.
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In Lieu ProgramsFor Downtown Bike Parking: [T]he applicant may make a payment to the city to fund public bicycle parking in lieu of providing required on-site bicycle parking, if the Director determines that:
a. Safe, accessible and convenient bicycle parking accessory to a nonresidential use cannot be provided on-site or in a shared bicycle parking facility within one-hundred (100) feet of the lot, without extraordinary physical or financial difficulty.
b. The payment is comparable to the cost of providing the equivalent bicycle parking on-site, and takes into consideration the cost of materials, equipment and labor for installation.
c. The bicycle parking funded by the payment is located within sufficient proximity to serve the bicycle parking demand generated by the project.
d. Construction of the bicycle parking funded by the payment is assured before issuance of a certificate of occupancy for the development.
Bicycle Parking Fund.
(1) This option may be used only if it is not possible to provide all of the required short-term bicycle parking on site in a way that complies with all of the standards in A.2.b. This option may not be used if:
* There are surface parking areas, plazas, exterior courtyards, or other open areas on the site, other than required landscaping;
* Those open areas are large enough, separately or in combination, to accommodate all required short-term bicycle parking; and
* The open areas meet the locational requirements of A.2.b.
(2) Fund use and administration. The Bicycle Parking Fund is collected and administered by the Office of Transportation. The funds collected will be used to install bicycle parking and associated improvements in the right-of-way.
(3) This option may not be used if any required short-term bicycle parking is provided on site.
SF has an in-leiu fee program.
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