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yearnamecountrycategorynote
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1903Marie Skłodowska Curie
Poland and France
Physics
"in recognition of the extraordinary services they have rendered by their joint researches on the radiation phenomena discovered by Professor Henri Becquerel"[4]
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1905Bertha von Suttner
Austria–Hungary
Peace
Honorary President of Permanent International Peace Bureau, Bern, Switzerland; Author of Lay Down Your Arms.[5]
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1909Selma LagerlöfSwedenLiterature
"in appreciation of the lofty idealism, vivid imagination and spiritual perception that characterize her writings"[6]
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1911Marie Skłodowska Curie
Poland and France
Chemistry"for her discovery of radium and polonium"[7]
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1926Grazia DeleddaItalyLiterature
"for her idealistically inspired writings which with plastic clarity picture the life on her native island and with depth and sympathy deal with human problems in general"[8]
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1928Sigrid UndsetNorwayLiterature
"principally for her powerful descriptions of Northern life during the Middle Ages"[9]
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1931Jane AddamsUnited StatesPeace
Sociologist; International President, Women's International League for Peace and Freedom.[10]
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1935Irène Joliot-CurieFranceChemistry"for their synthesis of new radioactiveelements"[11]
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1938Pearl S. BuckUnited StatesLiterature
"for her rich and truly epic descriptions of peasant life in China and for her biographical masterpieces"[12]
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1945Gabriela MistralChileLiterature
"for her lyric poetry which, inspired by powerful emotions, has made her name a symbol of the idealistic aspirations of the entire Latin American world"[13]
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1946Emily Greene BalchUnited StatesPeace
Formerly Professor of History and Sociology; Honorary International President, Women's International League for Peace and Freedom.[14]
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1947Gerty Theresa CoriUnited States
Physiology or Medicine
"for their discovery of the course of the catalytic conversion of glycogen"[15]
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1963Maria Goeppert-MayerUnited StatesPhysics"for their discoveries concerning nuclear shell structure"[16]
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1964Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin
United Kingdom
Chemistry
"for her determinations by X-ray techniques of the structures of important biochemical substances"[17]
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1966Nelly Sachs
Sweden and Germany
Literature
"for her outstanding lyrical and dramatic writing, which interprets Israel's destiny with touching strength"[18]
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1976Betty Williams
United Kingdom
Peace
Founder of the Northern Ireland Peace Movement (later renamed Community of Peace People)[19]
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1976Mairead Maguire
United Kingdom
Peace
Founder of the Northern Ireland Peace Movement (later renamed Community of Peace People)[19]
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1977Rosalyn Sussman YalowUnited States
Physiology or Medicine
"for the development of radioimmunoassays of peptide hormones"[20]
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1979Mother Teresa
India and
Yugoslavia
PeaceLeader of Missionaries of Charity, Calcutta.[21]
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1982Alva MyrdalSwedenPeaceFormer Cabinet Minister; Diplomat; Writer.[22]
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1983Barbara McClintockUnited States
Physiology or Medicine
"for her discovery of mobile genetic elements"[23]
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1986Rita Levi-Montalcini
Italy and
United States
Physiology or Medicine
"for their discoveries of growth factors"[24]
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1988Gertrude B. ElionUnited States
Physiology or Medicine
"for their discoveries of important principles for drug treatment"[25]
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1991Nadine GordimerSouth AfricaLiterature
"who through her magnificent epic writing has - in the words of Alfred Nobel - been of very great benefit to humanity"[26]
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1991Aung San Suu KyiBurmaPeace"for her non-violent struggle for democracy and human rights"[27]
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1992Rigoberta MenchúGuatemalaPeace
"in recognition of her work for social justice and ethno-cultural reconciliation based on respect for the rights of indigenous peoples"[28]
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1993Toni MorrisonUnited StatesLiterature
"who in novels characterized by visionary force and poetic import, gives life to an essential aspect of American reality"[29]
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1995Christiane Nüsslein-VolhardGermany
Physiology or Medicine
"for their discoveries concerning the genetic control of early embryonic development"[30]
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1996Wisława SzymborskaPolandLiterature
"for poetry that with ironic precision allows the historical and biological context to come to light in fragments of human reality"[31]
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1997Jody WilliamsUnited StatesPeace"for their work for the banning and clearing of anti-personnel mines"[32]
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2003Shirin EbadiIranPeace
"for her efforts for democracy and human rights. She has focused especially on the struggle for the rights of women and children"[33]
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2004Elfriede JelinekAustriaLiterature
"for her musical flow of voices and counter-voices in novels and plays that with extraordinary linguistic zeal reveal the absurdity of society's clichés and their subjugating power"[34]
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2004Wangari MaathaiKenyaPeace"for her contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace"[35]
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2004Linda B. BuckUnited States
Physiology or Medicine
"for their discoveries of odorant receptors and the organization of the olfactory system"[36]
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2007Doris Lessing
United Kingdom
Literature
"that epicist of the female experience, who with scepticism, fire and visionary power has subjected a divided civilisation to scrutiny"[37]
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2008Françoise Barré-SinoussiFrance
Physiology or Medicine
"for their discovery of HIV, human immunodeficiency virus"[38]
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2009Elizabeth Blackburn
Australia and United States
Physiology or Medicine
"for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase"[39]
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2009Carol W. GreiderUnited States
Physiology or Medicine
for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase[39]
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2009Ada E. YonathIsraelChemistry"for studies of the structure and function of the ribosome"[40]
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2009Herta Müller
Germany and Romania
Literature
"who, with the concentration of poetry and the frankness of prose, depicts the landscape of the dispossessed"[41]
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2009Elinor OstromUnited StatesEconomics"for her analysis of economic governance, especially the commons"[42]
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2011Ellen Johnson SirleafLiberiaPeace
"For their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women's rights to full participation in peace-building work"[43]
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2011Leymah GboweeLiberiaPeace
For their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women's rights to full participation in peace-building work[43]
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2011Tawakel KarmanYemenPeace
For their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women's rights to full participation in peace-building work[43]
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2013Alice MunroCanadaLiterature"master of the contemporary short story"[44]
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2014May-Britt MoserNorway
Physiology or Medicine
"for their discoveries of cells that constitute a positioning system in the brain"[45]
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2014Malala Yousafzai
Pakistan and India
Peace
"for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education".[46]
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2015Tu YouyouChina
Physiology or Medicine
"for her discoveries concerning a novel therapy against Malaria"[47]
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2015Svetlana AlexievichBelarusLiterature
"for her polyphonic writings, a monument to suffering and courage in our time"[48]
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2018Donna StricklandCanadaPhysics"for their method of generating high-intensity, ultra-short optical pulses"[49]
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2018Frances ArnoldUnited StatesChemistry"for the directed evolution of enzymes"[50]
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2018Nadia MuradIraqPeace
"for their efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict"[51]
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