|1957||James E. Corbin makes first professional excavations of the McGloin Bluff site||For six years Corbin sporadically surveyed the northshore of Corpus Christi Bay (Portland to Live Oak Point) and uncovered sixteen Native campsites. |
Corbin visited McGloin Bluff first in 1957 after being told "of an Indian mound in the area." He encountered numerous potsherds and flint flakes from the surface--no significant diggning necessary. After 150 collecting trips he gathered roughly 3500 artifacts. He also found European trade beads which is important for dating the site. Corbin also mentions that this was the only site in the region that did not have significant shell middens which either indicates, as Ricklis points out in later studies, that it was a likely established somewhat prior to European contact, but remained until the early 1700s. Or that, simply, there were fewer oyster reefs immediately nearby.
Corbin's collection is housed in the Texas Archaeological Research Lab at UT (TARL).
|J. E. Corbin, "Archaeological materials from the Northern Shore of Corpus Christi Bay, Texas," Bulletin of the Texas Archeological Society 34 (1963): 5-30.|
Archaeological Testing at the McGloin Bluff Site, 41SP11, San Patricio County, Texas. Prepared for the Port of Corpus Christi. On file, Texas Historical Commission, Austin. Coastal Environments, Inc. Corpus Christi.
|1980s||McGloin Bluff site is "revisted by personnel from Prewitt and Associates" as the Corpus Christi Port Authority requests a survey of their acreage for planned development.||These individuals found the McGloin Bluff site discussed by Corbin. No other information is provided on any of their other activities.||Robert Ricklis, "Identifying complexity in the Late Prehistoric Fishing Economy Along the Middle Texas Coast: Data Recovery Excavations at the McGloin Bluff Site 41SP11, San Patricio County, Texas" TRC Environmental Corporation, 2010: 1-187.|
|1987-1992||Ingleside Naval Base authorized and over a five year span, constructed.||Ingleside Naval Base, which came to house the Mine Warfare Force, was located directly next to the McGloin Bluff site. It almost assuredly built over part of the Karankawas' McGloin settlement.|
|2004||Archaeological testing on the western portion of the McGloin Bluff site by Coastal Environments Inc. (COE)||"Sponsored by the Corpus Christi Port Authority and was designed to test the site for eligibility for listing on the National Register for Historic Places." |
Tested primarily the eastern portion of the general site. Found roughly 2,277 artifacts (which include shells and faunal remains). For a breakdown, see page 39-40.
Ultimately, the study conclcuded that 41SP11, the McGloin Bluff site, "is significant and eligible for listing on the NRHP [National Registry of Historic Places] and as an SAL [Texas State Archaeological Landmark]. It is recommended that, if avoidance during future development of the property is not feasible, that formal data recovery be carried out at the site." i, 28.
That data recovery would begin in full in 2008, that is after determining if the eastern section of McGloin Bluff also needed data recovery.
|Archaeological Testing at the McGloin Bluff Site, 41SP11, San Patricio County, Texas. Prepared for the Port of Corpus Christi. On file, Texas Historical Commission, Austin. Coastal Environments, Inc. Corpus Christi. (see pages 27-59)|
Robert Ricklis, "Archaeological Testing at the McGloin Bluff Site, 41SP11, San Patricio County," Texas Historical Commission, Current Archaeology in Texas 8, no. 1 (April, 2006): 9-17.
|2005||Ingleside Naval Station, which sat directly next to the 41SP11, is ordered to be moved to San Diego.||All US Navy air and water assets are to be moved to San Diego to consolidate Naval forces. Estimated savings of nearly a billion dollars over a twenty-year span. Property will be returned to Corpus Christi Port Authority.||BRAC 2005 Justification Report Naval Station, Ingleside, Texas Naval Air Station, Corpus Christi, Texas|
"Texas lawmakers object: Clark defends plans to move mine warfare command to San Diego," Inside the Navy 18, no. 20 (May 23, 2005): 1, 8.
|2006||Archaeological testing on eastern portion of the McGloin Bluff site by COE||With the western portion of 41SP11 possessing a treasure trove of artifacts, Coastal Environments intended to test the eastern portion of McGloin bluff to see if it was similarly productive. It was not--but still more productive than other sites. It produced 185 artifacts in comparision to the western part which produced 1,538. The same is the case in regard to faunal remains.|
"The currently reported work was undertaken to determine if relatively high-denisty archaeological desposits, such as found in the 2004 testing, extended into the and through the eastern part of the site, in order to determine if any possible future data recover efforts should be conducted there." abstract
"Aboriginal artifact counts from the eastern test units total only 185 (potsherds, debitage and burned clay nodules, combined), whereas the parallel total from Units A and B in the western part of the site is 1538, almost an order of magnitude greater." 4
Great detailed map of the site digs.
|Robert A. Ricklis and Jennifer A. Kelly, "Archaeological Testing of the Eastern Portion of the McGloin Bluff Site (41SP11), San Patricio County, Texas," Coastal Environments, Inc. (August, 2007): 1-9.|
|2006||Texas Historical Commission states that the western portion of 41SP11 is the "only elgible historic propert[y] on the remainder of the 432 acres surveyed." Construction on all other areas near McGloin Bluff are given the go-ahead to proceed from THC.||Significant because after the data recovery of 41SP11 West, all of the property will be considered free game, despite their still being numerous artifacts.||Lawerence Oaks to Paul D. Carangelo, "Project Review under the Antiqueities Code of Texas Draft Reports...," Feb 27, 2005.|
|2008-2009||Data recovery at McGloin Bluff site during fall and winter|
The purpose of data recovery is to gather as many artifacts as possible in order to research the site in the future but to allow possible construction in the area proceed.
|Archaeologists from TRC Environmental Corporation carry out data recovery. This is done to try to acquire all possible information on the site before possible future construction. Western section focus only.|
Uncovered roughly 40,000 artifacts, more than a 100 arrowheads, "thousands" of animal bones/otoliths, and a handful of material of European origin. All of these items are inventoried at TRC's archaeology lab in Austin and at the Center for Archaeological Research at UTSA. Because of all the artifacts recovered, the archaeologists involved stated that "further archaeological work there would be essentially redundant."
|Robert Ricklis, "Identifying complexity in the Late Prehistoric Fishing Economy Along the Middle Texas Coast: Data Recovery Excavations at the McGloin Bluff Site 41SP11, San Patricio County, Texas" TRC Environmental Corporation, 2010: 1-187.|
|2008||Sixpence Tudor coin found at McGloin Bluff site||An English coin of this period being uncovered at this site is highly unusual. Seemingly uncovered by the data recovery team in 2008/2009 and sent to Dr. Donny Hamilton at Texas A&M. Professor Hamilton seems to have sent the coin to Clinton McKenzie of University of Texas at San Antonio for cleaning. McKenzie's theory is that the coin is from an unfortunate crewmember of English pirate John Hawkins, who Hawkins abandoned on the Gulf Coast.||Tim Delaney, "Bayside Historical Society learns about historic archaeology," Refugio County Press, February 25, 2019, https://www.mysoutex.com/refugio_county_press/news/bayside-historical-society-learns-about-historic-archaeology/article_df300f80-3626-11e9-b16b-d753c126d851.html|
|2010||THC tells Corpus Christi Port Authority that data recovery of 41SP11 East is completed and that "all of the 423 acre property inclusive of 41SP11 has been cleared by THC for construction."||Property still owned by the CCPA is cleared for construction projects. If any oppurtunity exists to protect the site, we would need the CCPA's involvement. Their land ownership extends to most of the eastern (less productive but likely more artifact heavy atm) portion. Moda's planned pier expansion will undoubtedly disrupt part of the eastern portion as the facilities, once the former naval base, are already built atop Karankawa settlements.||Paul D. Carangelo to Mark Wolfe, "Project Review under the Antiqueities Code of Texas Completion of work at site 41SP11," March 2, 2010.|
|2010||Ingleside Naval Station officially closes and the property is returned to Corpus Christi Port Authority||The Naval Station was considered the life-blood of Ingleside and the city was expected to waste away. CCPA looks for potential buyers.||Chris Ramirez, "Ingleside reborn after 2010 base closure," Caller Times, November 14, 2015.|
Steven Alford, "Naval Station Ingleside's last sailor deployed overseas returns," Corpus Christi Caller, March 3, 2010.
Mike D. Smith, "Port of Corpus Christi Leaders accept bid for 100-acre piece of former NS Ingleside," Corpus Christi Caller, July 31, 2012.
|2010||Occidental Petroleum (Flint Hills Resources) purchases part of the Naval Station property||Maintains employment stability in Ingleside. Sold for roughly 100 million. Purchased as Corpus gears up for harbor and channel improvements to allow for supertankers. Crude oil ban expected to be lifted--it was in 2015.||Chris Ramirez, "Ingleside reborn after 2010 base closure," Caller Times, November 14, 2015.|
|August, 2018||Moda Midstream acquires Occidental Petroleum facilities||"History," Moda Midstream, accessed June 4, 2021.|
|January, 2019||Moda Midstream is upgrading their coastal oil terminal to support super tankers of the VLCC class "Very Large Crude Carriers"||Moda Midstream invests hundreds of millions (somewhere between 300-500mil) to complete this project and to update its facilities. Docks and terminals for VLCCs.||Sergio Chapa, “Supersize Me: Moda Midstream has VLCC-sized plans for exports,” Houston Chronicle, February 1, 2019, https://www.houstonchronicle.com/business/energy/article/Supersize-Me-Moda-Midstream-has-VLCC-sized-plans-13579984.php.|