Manifesto scoring
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PartyBrexitConservativeGreenLabourLib DemPlaid CymruSNP
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Score out of 20 0.687.4018.9317.4316.6013.2814.575
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Rounded score out of 20171917171315
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Score on investing, climate justice and just transition0.001.856.006.005.234.754.45
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Score on energy, transport and homes 0.302.255.754.655.054.503.90
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Score on nature, food & farming, supporting rural communities and cleaning up our waste0.381.904.434.333.652.033.23
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Score on global climate and nature leadership0.001.402.752.452.682.003.00
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Rounded scores in each section
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Investing, climate justice and just transition /60266554
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Energy, transport and homes /60.5265544
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Nature, food & farming, supporting rural communities and cleaning up our waste / 50.5244423
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Global climate and nature leadership / 30132323
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Key StrengthsAgainst HS2- Guarantee nearly all the extra nature money needed
- Committed to lead efforts to protect global oceans
- High ambition on offshore wind
- Committed to public money for public goods in agriculture
- Generally strong set of policies across the board
- Spending what is needed for a green and fair transition
- Strong commitment to climate justice and just transition
- Ambitious policy on aviation
- Policy to reduce meat and dairy consumption
- Great policies on rail, buses, walking and cycling
- Spending what is needed for a green and fair transition
- Strong commitment to climate justice and just transition
- Very strong policy to insulate homes and decarbonise heating
- Strong policies to boost and electrify public transport
- Visionary trade policy
- Very ambitious tree planting
- Good policy to protect international waters
- Policies to start substantively cleaning up our financial system
- Explicitly commits to more international climate funding from new and additional sources, rather than eating more into the aid budget
- Ban sale of new petrol and diesel cars and vans by 2030
- High ambition on renewables, home insulation and heating decarbonisation and public transport
- Strong policy on aviation
- Ambitious approach to the Environment Act
- Reduction targets for plastic
- Strong policies for domestic and international ocean protection
- Robust approach to trade protections
- Policies to start substantively cleaning up our financial system
- Ambitious carbon free date
- Intention to be 100% renewable dependent, without fossil fuels by 2030
- 2030 ban on sale of new petrol and diesel cars and vans
- Good public transport policies
- Good plastics, waste and circular economy policies
- Good policy to protect international waters
- Strong trade policy
- Climate justice and just transition
- Fracking ban
- Banning the sale of new petrol and diesel cars and vans by 2032
- Oppose new nuclear power
- Strong policies to protect UK and global oceans
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Key WeaknessesNo plan to deliver net zero or restore nature- policies in most areas go part of the way there (are half baked) but stop short of the ambition required
- Massive spending on new road-building
- No policy to tackle aviation emissions
- Limited protections against overfishing
- Weak trade policy - no guarantees for protecting environmental and human rights in trade deals
- renewed support for fossil fuels through North Sea oil and gas and gas for hydrogen
- No explicit commitment to legally binding short term targets to restore nature
- No explicit commitment on a fully indepedent new green watchdog
- No policies on product redesign or recycling
- No mention of the need for a strong Global Ocean Treaty
- Need a stronger commitment against further airport runway expansion
- Firmer policies needed to move away from fossil fuels in vehicles and North Sea oil and gas
- Policies to protect UK waters (domestic and overseas territories) need to be bolder
- Renewed support for nuclear power
- Not quite enough spending committed
- Appreciation of the importance of climate justice needs to be clearer and more tangible steps taken in this area
- No policy to address North Sea oil and gas
- No comitment on meat and dairy consumption, nor on pesticide reduction
- Weak approach to fishing sustainability and quota distribution
- Intend to eat more into the aid budget to support increased international climate spending
- No policy on decarbonising heat
- Weak policy on aviation, apart from opposition to Heathrow
- Limited vision/ ambition on nature restoration targets
- Renewed commitment to direct payment scheme for agriculture, which has been shown not to deliver good environmental outcomes
- Weak approach to fishing sustainability and quota
- No policies to protect UK waters (domestic and overseas territories)
- Need more spending on climate and nature
- Entrenched support for north sea oil and gas
- Weak on plans for sustainable farming and fishing
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Additional general reflections and analysis on main parties:
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1The Conservatives fall short not because they haven't started to take the climate and nature emergency seriously or bring forward a few significant policy propositions to help address the problem, but because the the full suite of necessary policies have not been developed taking a cross-economy transformational approach, as the Committee on Climate Change said is needed. Positive change being proposed is scattered across some but not all areas, and partial rather than comprehensive in terms of policy ambition and detail. This is compounded by the party remaining entrenched in its support for a number of polluting industries/infrastructure, with an indication of a boost in support, rather than recognising that a net zero economy means a gradual phasedown in these areas
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2In a lot of the policy areas where the Tories originally progressed a green narrative and led the way in developing the policy debate on key issues - e.g. plastics, agriculture public money for public goods, and an environment act to restore our natural world - their policies in these areas have been significantly outflanked by most of the other main parties, and the Tories no longer stand as a visionary or leader in these areas. Many loopholes exist in the Tory approach in these areas
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3Labour are starting to nail it in the categories of electricity, land based transport, home heating and efficiency, greening economic policy/ financial system, trade and industrial strategy. Their accompanying policy document for nature also contains some great things, especially on very large-scale tree planting, recognising the need for action on more controversial areas like meat and dairy, pesticide use, efficient product design, nature recovery networks and ocean protection. It would have been good to see this detail in the manifesto itself, but it is nonetheless an indication of the significant steps forward taken by the party. They need to start being more active and vocal in all these areas.
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4Lib Dems scored better than Labour on transport - both aviation (in relation to new runway expansion) and a firmer commitment to get rid of polluting petrol and diesel cars and vans from our roads. However, Labour's approach to tackling the climate and nature emergency embeds these issues more deeply in their economic strategy. First, Labour has committed to the full amount of government investment required to address these areas. Second, there is an explicit recognition of global justice and Labour's policies on trade, global footprint, and advocacy in international fora like the UN, G7 etc are more thoroughly worked through. Both parties need to wrestle themselves away from fossil fuel extraction, and Labour also needs to improve their approach to aviation - especially on firmly ruling out new runways - and nuclear.
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PartyBrexitConservativeGreenLabourLib DemPlaid CymruSNP
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Normalised scores out of 10
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Score on investing, climate justice and just transition031010987
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Score on energy, transport and homes 14108877
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Score on nature, food & farming, supporting rural communities and cleaning up our waste1499746
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Score on global climate and nature leadership04989710
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Overall score out of 100499877
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Summation score out of 402153835332630
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