4. Environment component 2017
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1
Environment2017
2
3
Global climateSustainable fisheriesBiodiversity and global ecosystemsEnvironment ScoreRank
4
Fossil fuel productionGreenhouse Gas emissionsChange in Greenhouse Gas emissionsGasoline taxesConsumption of selected Ozone-Depleting SubstancesParis Agreement ratificationFishing subsidiesRatification of Fish Stocks AgreementBiodiversity treaties participationTropical wood imports
5
Australia2.22.24.63.34.85.35.25.24.83.03.926
6
Austria5.45.34.84.65.35.35.65.25.15.35.115
7
Belgium5.45.04.95.15.35.35.45.26.35.35.39
8
Canada3.73.24.63.24.85.34.45.24.66.04.523
9
Czech Republic5.04.75.16.15.31.55.65.24.65.35.017
10
Denmark5.25.15.44.85.35.35.15.26.35.35.38
11
Finland5.65.95.15.15.35.31.45.25.75.35.214
12
France5.55.74.75.15.35.35.35.25.75.35.311
13
Germany5.34.84.55.35.35.35.05.26.35.35.312
14
Greece5.35.34.36.55.35.35.05.23.45.35.016
15
Hungary5.55.95.36.45.35.35.65.25.15.35.53
16
Ireland5.24.34.85.05.35.35.25.22.25.34.622
17
Italy5.55.74.86.05.35.35.25.25.15.35.37
18
Japan5.45.03.74.05.05.35.15.24.81.34.125
19
Luxembourg5.13.65.44.25.35.35.65.24.05.34.819
20
Netherlands5.14.64.45.75.35.35.55.25.75.35.213
21
New Zealand5.24.44.24.05.05.35.15.24.35.94.720
22
Norway1.45.84.74.74.95.35.15.24.85.34.8518
23
Poland5.25.15.36.15.35.35.65.25.75.35.55
24
Portugal5.65.85.16.45.35.35.55.25.15.35.54
25
Slovak Republic5.55.75.86.35.35.35.65.25.75.35.62
26
South Korea5.34.54.65.20.05.35.55.23.42.73.927
27
Spain5.55.75.15.05.35.35.45.26.35.35.46
28
Sweden5.86.99.64.85.35.32.15.24.35.35.71
29
Switzerland5.65.84.94.14.91.55.6-0.15.75.34.721
30
United Kingdom
5.35.54.75.35.35.35.45.25.75.35.310
31
United States4.33.44.42.74.75.34.25.24.05.54.224
32
33
Weight5%10%15%15%10%5%5%5%15%15%
34
35
36
Fossil fuel production
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Fuel production (million tons oil equivalent)Equivalent CO2 emissions (in thousand tons)
38
Oil productionGas productionCoal productionOIlGasCoalTotalPopulation 2015Emissions/
capita (tons CO2 equivalent)
GHG emissions and
fuel production per capita (in tons CO2 equivalent)
ScoreCO2 emission/energy conversion factors
39
Australia176530652,060144,9261,195,2971,392,28323,789,33858.52682.912.225Oil19.9Gas14.4Coal25.4
40
Austria00000008,633,1690.0008.575.436
41
Belgium000000011,274,1960.00010.255.364
42
Canada21613432659,941297,385124,6891,082,01635,848,61030.18349.383.673
43
Czech Republic00170065,66765,66710,546,0596.22717.655.044
44
Denmark84023,5809,086032,6665,683,4835.74715.065.156
45
Finland00000005,479,5310.0005.395.574
46
France000000066,624,0680.0006.425.529
47
Germany0717014,40465,66780,07181,686,6110.98011.845.295
48
Greece0060022,28022,28010,820,8832.05910.615.348
49
Hungary002005,8635,8639,843,0280.5966.145.541
50
Ireland00000004,676,8350.00013.735.214
51
Italy66016,84312,188029,03160,730,5820.4787.015.504
52
Japan001002,3452,345127,141,0000.0189.945.377
53
Luxembourg0000000569,6040.00017.325.058
54
Netherlands0390085,759085,75916,939,9235.06316.975.073
55
New Zealand002007,8187,8184,595,7001.70114.695.172
56
Norway881050269,489233,5650503,0545,188,60796.954102.661.372
57
Poland045308,199207,164215,36337,986,4125.66915.035.157
58
Portugal000000010,358,0760.0005.795.556
59
Slovak Republic00000005,423,8010.0006.425.529
60
South Korea001003,1273,12751,014,9470.06112.495.267
61
Spain001004,6914,69146,447,6970.1016.495.526
62
Sweden00000009,799,1860.0000.325.792
63
Switzerland00000008,282,3960.0005.695.561
64
United Kingdom
45365138,72579,11121,107238,94365,128,8613.66911.345.317
65
United States5677074491,736,9771,566,7031,756,2045,059,884320,896,61815.76833.934.341
66
67
average18.67
68
standard deviation
23.150
69
Conversion factors based on
http://www.ipcc-nggip.iges.or.jp/public/2006gl/pdf/2_Volume2/V2_2_Ch2_Stationary_Combustion.pdf
70
Source: fuel production figures from British Petroleum, BP Statistical Review of World Energy, Historical Data Series. Population data is from the World Bank.
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data year: 2015
72
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Greenhouse Gas emissions
Change in Greenhouse Gas emissions
GHG emissions (thousand tons CO2 equivalent) per yearPPP GDP (constant $)
74
75
GHG emissions with LULUCF in kt CO2 equivalent, 2015
Population 2015
GHG emissions with LUCUCF/ capita 2015 (tons CO2 equivalent)ScoreAverage annual growth rate of GHG emissions/PPP GDP, 2005-2015Score2005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
76
Australia580,10023,789,33824.382.17Australia-4.34%4.59552,331526,018650,553520,582589,402587,798511,939558,809580,100580,100580,100617,218,000,000642,817,000,000663,302,000,000683,453,000,000709,297,000,000736,060,000,000746,116,000,000763,498,000,000778,047,000,0001,015,230,000,0001,037,980,000,000
77
Austria74,0278,633,1698.575.28Austria-5.08%4.8085,59788,60786,82587,44476,41681,49579,35076,22175,63771,49674,027263,366,000,000270,186,000,000276,672,000,000286,825,000,000297,455,000,000301,727,000,000290,314,000,000296,268,000,000304,257,000,000376,877,000,000380,506,000,000
78
Belgium115,53711,274,19610.254.95Belgium-5.39%4.90141,975137,250132,437135,421123,147130,425118,903115,139117,438112,149115,537320,985,000,000331,495,000,000337,300,000,000346,294,000,000356,278,000,000359,788,000,000349,800,000,000358,267,000,000364,658,000,000463,562,000,000470,516,000,000
79
Canada688,25835,848,61019.203.19Canada-4.42%4.61800,142799,922800,529719,854679,188804,044789,058739,487699,809694,232688,2581,065,580,000,0001,098,830,000,0001,132,000,000,0001,163,960,000,0001,189,560,000,0001,197,760,000,0001,164,580,000,0001,202,020,000,0001,231,590,000,0001,526,510,000,0001,540,880,000,000
80
Czech Republic120,48610,546,05911.424.72Czech Republic-6.12%5.11138,574143,573146,898137,374126,623131,934125,536124,214121,830118,038120,486194,659,000,000203,892,000,000217,659,000,000232,940,000,000246,299,000,000253,931,000,000242,486,000,000248,530,000,000253,220,000,000306,494,000,000320,396,000,000
81
Denmark52,9505,683,4839.325.14Denmark-6.94%5.3570,09278,92271,24963,93965,18562,30655,08452,28156,33350,23952,950171,653,000,000175,595,000,000179,888,000,000185,995,000,000188,940,000,000187,459,000,000176,837,000,000179,626,000,000181,610,000,000254,420,000,000258,506,000,000
82
Finland29,5165,479,5315.395.91Finland-6.17%5.1338,80946,15152,70440,57526,77649,91342,44135,11336,86030,73629,516150,331,000,000156,532,000,000161,097,000,000168,202,000,000177,176,000,000177,696,000,000162,523,000,000167,926,000,000172,529,000,000213,095,000,000213,667,000,000
83
France427,84066,624,0686.425.71France-4.73%4.70521,025504,539493,795488,633474,335485,308446,870452,142442,169420,217427,8401,781,980,000,0001,827,320,000,0001,860,700,000,0001,906,600,000,0001,950,180,000,0001,948,600,000,0001,887,280,000,0001,918,670,000,0001,951,240,000,0002,481,860,000,0002,513,490,000,000
84
Germany887,35281,686,61110.864.83Germany-4.21%4.551,005,3011,007,438983,492982,752919,818952,239925,830935,595930,851889,385887,3522,519,300,000,0002,548,550,000,0002,566,000,000,0002,660,940,000,0002,747,930,000,0002,777,690,000,0002,635,280,000,0002,744,850,000,0002,827,990,000,0003,516,080,000,0003,576,580,000,000
85
Greece92,57510,820,8838.565.29Greece-3.40%4.31132,149128,511132,431127,465121,020114,678112,505108,129100,57298,91092,575253,274,000,000264,336,000,000270,364,000,000285,263,000,000295,350,000,000294,718,000,000285,477,000,000271,365,000,000252,085,000,000261,300,000,000260,727,000,000
86
Hungary54,5809,843,0285.555.88Hungary-6.82%5.3274,31974,86872,45568,76463,39163,86162,36057,57453,52652,51854,580157,155,000,000164,694,000,000171,223,000,000177,896,000,000178,100,000,000179,693,000,000167,476,000,000169,583,000,000172,452,000,000236,956,000,000244,416,000,000
87
Ireland64,1924,676,83513.734.27Ireland-4.99%4.7866,87866,32165,04164,90058,82157,38053,81155,38662,26362,39864,192146,978,000,000153,604,000,000161,806,000,000170,400,000,000179,231,000,000173,904,000,000161,740,000,000161,046,000,000162,181,000,000225,716,000,000285,025,000,000
88
Italy396,80660,730,5826.535.68Italy-5.14%4.82536,162524,501537,766504,507450,860456,973458,202442,635406,622388,987396,8061,614,170,000,0001,642,110,000,0001,657,400,000,0001,693,840,000,0001,722,350,000,0001,702,440,000,0001,608,900,000,0001,638,040,000,0001,645,180,000,0002,063,090,000,0002,078,190,000,000
89
Japan1,261,628127,141,0009.925.02Japan-1.43%3.731,262,5791,250,3861,282,9311,203,8271,132,7591,181,6091,232,2941,268,0711,339,3781,296,8151,261,6283,751,010,000,0003,839,560,000,0003,889,580,000,0003,955,430,000,0004,042,140,000,0004,000,040,000,0003,778,950,000,0003,946,560,000,0003,918,930,000,0004,750,300,000,0004,808,230,000,000
90
Luxembourg9,864569,60417.323.56Luxembourg-7.11%5.4012,71112,67212,08611,91511,39411,95711,80411,40010,67810,3009,86428,916,574,20830,180,405,24831,765,782,52833,333,739,52035,529,781,24835,268,788,22433,830,645,76034,816,798,72035,393,564,67251,660,776,67953,485,619,939
91
Netherlands201,75016,939,92311.914.63Netherlands-3.65%4.38212,489208,560207,064206,339200,708212,169197,645195,205202,059194,048201,750549,130,000,000561,412,000,000572,901,000,000592,346,000,000615,570,000,000626,675,000,000603,691,000,000613,526,000,000619,616,000,000770,199,000,000785,231,000,000
92
New Zealand59,6914,595,70012.994.41New Zealand-3.08%4.2254,99656,83756,52550,50249,62554,03359,29549,45059,69159,69159,69197,596,227,584101,264,000,000104,608,000,000105,414,000,000108,555,000,000106,882,000,000106,379,000,000106,576,000,000107,615,000,000156,276,000,000161,579,000,000
93
Norway29,5895,188,6075.705.85Norway-4.75%4.7127,47032,41134,32429,85029,55430,73925,79126,08027,90028,58229,589206,456,000,000214,633,000,000220,190,000,000225,589,000,000231,574,000,000231,655,000,000227,793,000,000229,334,000,000232,653,000,000325,118,000,000330,356,000,000
94
Poland355,62737,986,4129.365.13Poland-6.91%5.34368,595380,976386,028375,913355,487376,648377,477367,413353,065348,519355,627481,955,000,000507,714,000,000526,079,000,000558,840,000,000596,759,000,000627,352,000,000637,563,000,000662,416,000,000691,230,000,000925,442,000,000961,912,000,000
95
Portugal59,96510,358,0765.795.83Portugal-6.21%5.1492,55980,44576,22272,22168,98967,89764,66758,20655,80454,22459,965220,260,000,000223,696,000,000225,430,000,000228,695,000,000234,105,000,000234,084,000,000227,277,000,000230,460,000,000226,614,000,000270,674,000,000274,993,000,000
96
Slovak Republic34,8415,423,8016.425.71Slovak Republic-8.37%5.7744,49342,04540,42241,89536,51938,98137,83035,01634,81434,55634,84177,763,584,00081,696,710,65687,133,806,59294,405,476,352104,312,000,000110,311,000,000104,871,000,000109,257,000,000112,917,000,000147,591,000,000153,245,000,000
97
South Korea633,94351,014,94712.434.52South Korea-4.49%4.63608,299622,614639,066651,478658,267702,803719,939719,939633,943633,943633,9431,008,410,000,0001,054,990,000,0001,096,740,000,0001,153,540,000,0001,212,440,000,0001,240,300,000,0001,244,260,000,0001,322,910,000,0001,370,980,000,0001,696,240,000,0001,740,550,000,000
98
Spain296,89046,447,6976.395.71Spain-6.06%5.09408,289396,824402,358369,789334,205319,746321,412307,280286,432284,839296,8901,111,410,000,0001,147,640,000,0001,188,760,000,0001,237,220,000,0001,280,270,000,0001,291,680,000,0001,243,310,000,0001,239,330,000,0001,244,510,000,0001,449,890,000,0001,496,360,000,000
99
Sweden3,1779,799,1860.326.91Sweden-21.43%9.6240,17832,82734,25030,58126,44634,78726,21722,19210,8298,6603,177274,617,000,000286,246,000,000295,294,000,000307,983,000,000318,191,000,000316,239,000,000300,339,000,000320,032,000,000332,463,000,000428,254,000,000445,748,000,000
100
Switzerland47,1448,282,3965.695.85Switzerland-5.48%4.9250,03050,98949,16452,06750,25751,68346,59950,36451,45047,78447,144261,361,000,000267,688,000,000274,902,000,000285,216,000,000296,184,000,000302,594,000,000296,734,000,000305,736,000,000311,627,000,000464,136,000,000468,045,000,000
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OECD Fishing subsidies
OECD Fishing production NLDP
OECD Fishing production NLFP
Paris Agreement
Kyoto Protocol
UN Fish Stocks Agreement
Biodiversity treaties
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fish subs method change
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