TEItextstructurecontains a single TEI-conformant document, combining a single TEI header with one or more members of the <ident type="class">model.resourceLike</ident> class. Multiple <gi>TEI</gi> elements may be combined to form a <gi>teiCorpus</gi> element.contiene un solo documento conforme a la norma TEI, combinando una sola cabecera TEI (teiHeader) con uno o más miembros de la clase <ident type="class">model.resourceLike</ident>. Múltiples elementos TEI se pueden combinar para formar un elemento <gi>teiCorpus</gi>.TEI documentdocumento TEIThis element is required. It is customary to specify the TEI namespace <code></code> on it, using the <att>xmlns</att> attribute.Este elemento/campo es requerido/obligatorio. Se acostumbra especificar el espacio del nombre/namespace TEI <code></code> usando el atributo <att>xmlns</att>.
TEI/versiontextstructurespecifies the version number of the TEI Guidelines against which this document is valid.Versión del esquema TEIMajor editions of the Guidelines have long been informally referred to by a name made up of the letter P (for Proposal) followed by a digit. The current release is one of the many releases of the fifth major edition of the Guidelines, known as P5. This attribute may be used to associate a TEI document with a specific release of the P5 Guidelines, in the absence of a more precise association provided by the <att>source</att> attribute on the associated <gi>schemaSpec</gi>.Las ediciones principales de las Guías Directrices vienen hace un tiempo siendo informalmente referenciadas por el nombre compuesto por la letra P (propuesta) seguida por un digito. La versión/lanzamiento/release actual, es una de las tantas versiones de la quinta edición principal de las Guías Directrices, conocida como P5. Este atributo puede ser utilizado para asociar un documento TEI con una versión especifíca de la Guía Directriz P5, en ausencia de asociaciones precisas al atributo <att>source</att> dentro de <gi>schemaSpec</gi>. / En ausencia de asociaciones precisas al atributo <att>source</att> dentro de <gi>schemaSpec</gi>, este atributo puede ser utilizado para asociar un documento TEI con una versión especifíca de la Guía Directriz P5.
ablinkingcontains any arbitrary component-level unit of text, acting as an anonymous container for phrase or inter level elements analogous to, but without the semantic baggage of, a paragraph.contiene cualquier unidad textual a nivel de componente que actua como un contenedor anónimo de sintagmas o de elementos de internivel similares al párrafo pero sin la carga semántica de este último.anonymous blockbloque anónimoThe <gi>ab</gi> element may be used at the encoder's discretion to mark any component-level elements in a text for which no other more specific appropriate markup is defined.
abbrcorecontains an abbreviation of any sort.contiene una abreviatura de cualquier clase.abbreviationabreviaturaIf abbreviations are expanded silently, this practice should be documented in the <gi>editorialDecl</gi>, either with a <gi>normalization</gi> element or a <gi>p</gi>.
abbr/typecoreallows the encoder to classify the abbreviation according to some convenient typology.permite al codificador clasificar la abreviatura según la tipología conveniente.The <att>type</att> attribute is provided for the sake of those who wish to classify abbreviations at their point of occurrence; this may be useful in some circumstances, though usually the same abbreviation will have the same type in all occurrences. As the sample values make clear, abbreviations may be classified by the method used to construct them, the method of writing them, or the referent of the term abbreviated; the typology used is up to the encoder and should be carefully planned to meet the needs of the expected use. For a typology of Middle English abbreviations, see <ptr target="#PETTY"></ptr>
abbr/type/suspensioncorethe abbreviation provides the first letter(s) of the word or phrase, omitting the abreviatura proporciona a las primeras letras de la palabra o de la frase, omitiendo el resto.
abbr/type/contractioncorethe abbreviation omits some letter(s) in the abreviatura omite algunas letras en el centro.
abbr/type/brevigraphcorethe abbreviation comprises a special symbol or abreviatura refiere un símbolo especial o una marca.
abbr/type/superscriptioncorethe abbreviation includes writing above the abreviatura incluye la escritura sobre la línea.
abbr/type/acronymcorethe abbreviation comprises the initial letters of the words of a abreviatura abarca las letras iniciales de las palabras de una frase.
abbr/type/titlecorethe abbreviation is for a title of address (Dr, Ms, Mr, …)la abreviatura se emplea para un tratamiento en la dirección (el Dr.,, Sr.,…)
abbr/type/organizationcorethe abbreviation is for the name of an abreviatura se emplea en el nombre de una organización.
abbr/type/geographiccorethe abbreviation is for a geographic abreviatura se usa para un nombre geográfico.
abstractheadercontains a summary or formal abstract prefixed to an existing source document by the encoder.Contiene un resumen o abstract formal prefijado a una fuente documental por el codificador.This element is intended only for cases where no abstract is available in the original source. Any abstract already present in the source document should be encoded as a <gi>div</gi> within the <gi>front</gi>, as it should for a born-digital document.Este elemento debe utilizarse solo en casos en los que el abstract no se encuentra disponible en la fuente original. Cualquier abstract presente en el documento fuente debe ser codificado como un <gi>div</gi> dentro del <gi>front</gi>, como corresponde en los casos de documentos de origen digital.
accMatmsdescriptioncontains details of any significant additional material which may be closely associated with the manuscript being described, such as non-contemporaneous documents or fragments bound in with the manuscript at some earlier historical period.contiene eventuales detalles que conciernen a materiales añadidos estrechamente relacionados con el manuscrito examinado, p.ej. documentos no actuales o fragmentos cosidos junto al manuscrito en un período histórico precedente al actual.accompanying materialmaterial adicional
acquisitionmsdescriptioncontains any descriptive or other information concerning the process by which a manuscript or manuscript part entered the holding institution.contiene cualquier descripción u otra información concerniente al proceso de adquisición del manuscrito o de una de sus partes.
activitycorpuscontains a brief informal description of what a participant in a language interaction is doing other than speaking, if anything.contiene una breve descripción informal, si cabe, sobre qué está haciendo, además de hablar, un participante en una interacción lingüística.For more fine-grained description of participant activities during a spoken text, the <gi>event</gi> element should be used.Para una descripción más detallada de las acciones de los partiipantes durante los parlamentos, debe utilizarse el elemento <gi>event</gi>
actordramacontains the name of an actor appearing within a cast list.Nombre de un actor que aparece dentro de la lista del reparto.This element should be used only to mark the name of the actor as given in the source. Chapter <ptr target="#ND"></ptr> discusses ways of marking the components of names, and also of associating names with biographical information about a person.Este elemento debe ser usado solo para marcar el nombre del actor tal como aparece en la fuente. El capítulo <ptr target="#ND"></ptr> comenta/discute formas de marcar los componentes de los nombres, asi como también asociar nombre con información biográfica sobre una persona
addcorecontains letters, words, or phrases inserted in the source text by an author, scribe, or a previous annotator or corrector.contiene letras, palabras o frases introducidas en el texto por el autor, transcriptor, glosador o corrector.additionadiciónIn a diplomatic edition attempting to represent an original source, the <gi>add</gi> element should not be used for additions to the current TEI electronic edition made by editors or encoders. In these cases, either the <gi>corr</gi> or <gi>supplied</gi> element are recommended. In a TEI edition of a historical text with previous editorial emendations in which such additions or reconstructions are considered part of the source text, the use of <gi>add</gi> may be appropriate, dependent on the editorial philosophy of the project.El elemento <gi>addición</gi> no se debe utilizar para las adiciones hechas por los editores o los codificadores. En estos casos, cualquiera de los elementos <gi>corr</gi> o <gi>supplied</gi> son más convenientes.
addNamenamesdatescontains an additional name component, such as a nickname, epithet, or alias, or any other descriptive phrase used within a personal name.contiene un componente añadido al nombre, como un sobrenombre, un epíteto, alias u otras eventuales expresiones utilizadas al interno de un nombre propio de persona.additional namenombre adicional
addSpantranscrmarks the beginning of a longer sequence of text added by an author, scribe, annotator or corrector (see also <gi>add</gi>).señala el inicio de un fragmento largo de texto añadido por un autor, un transcriptor, un comentarista o un corrector (ver también <gi>add</gi>).added span of textfragmento de texto añadidoBoth the beginning and the end of the added material must be marked; the beginning by the <gi>addSpan</gi> element itself, the end by the <att>spanTo</att> attribute.Tanto el inicio como el final del material que se agrego debe ser marcado; el inicio con el mismo elemento <gi>addSpan</gi> y el final con el atributo <att>spanTo</att>.
additionalmsdescriptiongroups additional information, combining bibliographic information about a manuscript, or surrogate copies of it with curatorial or administrative information.agrupa información adicional, combinando informaciones bibliográficas relativas al manuscrito o a copias adicionales del mismo con informaciones de carácter conservacional o administrativo.
additionsmsdescriptioncontains a description of any significant additions found within a manuscript, such as marginalia or other annotations.contiene una descripción de cualquier adición significativa encontrada al interno de un manuscrito como notas al márgen u otras anotaciones.
addrLinecorecontains one line of a postal address.contiene una línea de la dirección postal.address linedirecciónAddresses may be encoded either as a sequence of lines, or using any sequence of component elements from the <ident type="class">model.addrPart</ident> class. Other non-postal forms of address, such as telephone numbers or email, should not be included within an <gi>address</gi> element directly but may be wrapped within an <gi>addrLine</gi> if they form part of the printed address in some source text.
addresscorecontains a postal address, for example of a publisher, an organization, or an individual.contiene una dirección postal, por ejemplo de un editor, una institución, etc.This element should be used for postal addresses only. Within it, the generic element <gi>addrLine</gi> may be used as an alternative to any of the more specialized elements available from the <ident type="class">model.addrPart</ident> class, such as <gi>street</gi>, <gi>postCode</gi> etc.
adminInfomsdescriptioncontains information about the present custody and availability of the manuscript, and also about the record description itself.contiene información relativa a la gestión y a la disponibilidad del manuscrito y a la descripción misma de la documentación.administrative informationinformación administrativa.
affiliationnamesdatescontains an informal description of a person's present or past affiliation with some organization, for example an employer or sponsor.contiene una descripción informal de la afiliación presente o pasada de una persona a una determinada organización, p.ej. un empleado o un patrocinador.If included, the name of an organization may be tagged using either the <gi>name</gi> element as above, or the more specific <gi>orgName</gi> element.
agenamesdatesspecifies the age of a person.especifica la edad de una persona.As with other culturally-constructed traits such as sex, the way in which this concept is described in different cultural contexts may vary. The normalizing attributes are provided as a means of simplifying that variety to Western European norms and should not be used where that is inappropriate. The content of the element may be used to describe the intended concept in more detail, using plain text.
age/type/inWorldnamesdatesage of a fictional character at the time the story takes place, rather than at the time the story is toldEdad de un personaje ficcional en el tiempo en el que la historia sucede (no en el tiempo en el cual es contada).in worlden el mundo
age/valuenamesdatessupplies a numeric code representing the age or age groupproporciona un código numérico que representa la edad o el intervalo de edad.This attribute may be used to complement a more detailed discussion of a person's age in the content of the elementEste atributo debería ser usado para complementar un debate más detallado sobre la edad de la persona en el contenido del elemento
altlinkingidentifies an alternation or a set of choices among elements or passages.identifica una alternancia o una serie de elecciones entre los elementos o los pasajes de texto.alternationalternancia
alt/modelinkingstates whether the alternations gathered in this collection are exclusive or inclusive.declara si las alternativas contenidas en el conjunto son exclusivas o inclusivas.
alt/mode/excllinkingindicates that the alternation is exclusive, i.e. that at most one of the alternatives occurs.indica que la alternancia es exclusiva, es decir, que como máximo una de las alternativas ocurre.exclusiveindica que la alternancia es exclusiva, es decir, que aparece sólo una de las posibles alternativas.
alt/mode/incllinkingindicates that the alternation is not exclusive, i.e. that one or more of the alternatives occur.indica que la alternancia no es exclusiva, es decir que ocurren una o más de las alternativas.inclusiveinclusivo
alt/weightslinkingIf <att>mode</att> is <val>excl</val>, each weight states the probability that the corresponding alternative occurs. If <att>mode</att> is <val>incl</val> each weight states the probability that the corresponding alternative occurs given that at least one of the other alternatives el atributo <att>mode</att> es <code>excl</code>, cada peso representa la probabilidad de que aparezca la alternativa correspondiente; si el atributo <att>mode</att> es <val>incl</val>, cada peso representa la probabilidad de que aparezca la alternativa correspondiente a condición que aparezca al menos otra de las posibles alternativas.If <att>mode</att> is <val>excl</val>, the sum of weights must be 1. If <att>mode</att> is <val>incl</val>, the sum of weights must be in the range from 0 to the number of alternants.
altGrplinkinggroups a collection of <gi>alt</gi> elements and possibly pointers.agrupa un conjunto de elementos <gi>alt</gi> y de eventuales indicadores.alternation groupgrupo de alternanciaAny number of alternations, pointers or extended pointers.
altGrp/modelinkingstates whether the alternations gathered in this collection are exclusive or inclusive.declara si las alternativas contenidas en el conjunto son exclusivas o inclusivas.
altGrp/mode/excllinkingindicates that the alternation is exclusive, i.e. that at most one of the alternatives occurs.indica que la alternancia es exclusiva, es decir aquella en que como máximo unade las alternativas ocurre.exclusiveindica que la alternancia es exclusiva, es decir, que aparece sólo una de las posibles alternativas.
altGrp/mode/incllinkingindicates that the alternation is not exclusive, i.e. that one or more of the alternatives occur.indica que la alternancia no es exclusiva, es decir que ocurren una o más de las alternativas.inclusiveindica que la alternancia no es exclusiva, es decir, que pueden aparecer una o más de las posibles alternativas.
altIdenttagdocssupplies the recommended XML name for an element, class, attribute, etc. in some language.proporciona el nombre XML recomendado para un elemento, clase, atributo, etc. en alguna lengua.alternate identifieridentificador alternoAll documentation elements in ODD have a canonical name, supplied as the value for their <att>ident</att> attribute. The <gi>altIdent</gi> element is used to supply an alternative name for the corresponding XML object, perhaps in a different language.
altIdentifiermsdescriptioncontains an alternative or former structured identifier used for a manuscript, such as a former catalogue number.contiene un identificador estructurado, alternativo o precedente, utilizado para un manuscrito, p.ej. un número antiguo de catalogación.alternative identifieridentificador alternativoAn identifying number of some kind must be supplied if known; if it is not known, this should be stated.
alternatetagdocsindicates that the constructs referenced by its children form an alternation
amtranscrcontains a sequence of letters or signs present in an abbreviation which are omitted or replaced in the expanded form of the abbreviation.contiene una secuencia de letras o símbolos presentes en una abreviatura que han sido omitidos o substituidos en la forma extendida de la abreviatura.abbreviation markermarcador de la abreviatura
analyticcorecontains bibliographic elements describing an item (e.g. an article or poem) published within a monograph or journal and not as an independent publication.contiene los elementos bibliográficos que describen un ítem (p.ej. un artículo o un poema) publicado dentro de una monografía o revista y no como una publicación independiente.analytic levelnivel analítico.May contain titles and statements of responsibility (author, editor, or other), in any order. The <gi>analytic</gi> element may only occur within a <gi>biblStruct</gi>, where its use is mandatory for the description of an analytic level bibliographic item.
anchorlinkingattaches an identifier to a point within a text, whether or not it corresponds with a textual element.enlanza un indentificador con una posición al interno del texto, independientemente del hecho que esta sea o no a un elemento textual.anchor pointpunto de anclajeOn this element, the global <att>xml:id</att> attribute must be supplied to specify an identifier for the point at which this element occurs within a document. The value used may be chosen freely provided that it is unique within the document and is a syntactically valid name. There is no requirement for values containing numbers to be in sequence.
annotationBlockspokengroups together various annotations, e.g. for parallel interpretations of a spoken segment.
anyElementtagdocsindicates the presence of any elements in a content model
anyElement/requiretagdocssupplies a list of namespaces to one of which the permitted elements must belong.
anyElement/excepttagdocssupplies a list of namespaces or prefixed element names which are not permitted.When RELAX NG DTD Compatibility Mode is turned on, validation requires that any elements which may take an <att>xml:id</att> be excluded from the content of <ident>anyName</ident> name classes. For normal TEI purposes, this includes anything in the TEI namespace and the <gi>egXML</gi> element. Default elements and namespaces to be excluded are set on the <att>defaultExceptions</att> attribute of the <gi>schemaSpec</gi>. <att>except</att> may be used when the exceptions need to be locally specified. Element prefixes must be declared using a namespace declaration on the parent or an ancestor element.
apptextcritcontains one entry in a critical apparatus, with an optional lemma and usually one or more readings or notes on the relevant passage.contiene una entrada en el aparato crítico, con un lema opcional y, al menos, una lectura.apparatus entryentrada de aparato crítico
app/typetextcritclassifies the variation contained in this element according to some convenient typology.clasifica la variación contenida en tal elemento según una tipología funcional
app/fromtextcritidentifies the beginning of the lemma in the base text.identifica, si es necesario, el inicio del lema en el texto baseThis attribute should be used when either the double-end point method of apparatus markup, or the location-referenced method with a URL rather than canonical reference, are used.
app/totextcritidentifies the endpoint of the lemma in the base text.identifica, si es necesario, el final del lema en el texto baseThis attribute is only used when the double-end point method of apparatus markup is used, when the encoded apparatus is not embedded <term>in-line</term> in the base-text.
app/loctextcritindicates the location of the variation, when the location-referenced method of apparatus markup is used.indica la posición de la variante en caso de usar el método de señalización de la posición de la variante en la codificación del aparato.locationlocalizaciónThis attribute is used only when the location-referenced encoding method is used. It supplies a string containing a canonical reference for the passage to which the variation applies.
appInfoheaderrecords information about an application which has edited the TEI file.recoge información sobre la aplicación que ha editado el fichero de TEI.application informationinformación de la aplicación
applicationheaderprovides information about an application which has acted upon the document.proporciona información sobre la aplicación que ha actuado sobre el documento.
application/identheadersupplies an identifier for the application, independent of its version number or display name.proporciona un identificador para la aplicación, independientemente de su número de versión o el nombre de la visualización.
application/versionheadersupplies a version number for the application, independent of its identifier or display name.Suministra un número de versión para la aplicación, independientemente de su identificador o el nombre de la visualización.
arcnetsencodes an arc, the connection from one node to another in a graph.codifica un arco, es decir, la conexión entre un nodo y otro al interno de un gráficoThe <gi>arc</gi> element must be used if the arcs are labeled. Otherwise, arcs can be encoded using the <att>adj</att>, <att>adjTo</att> and <att>adjFrom</att> attributes on the <gi>node</gi> tags in the graph. Both <gi>arc</gi> tags and adjacency attributes can be used, but the resulting encoding would be highly redundant. Zero, one, or two children <gi>label</gi> elements may be present. The first occurence of <gi>label</gi> provides a label for the arc; the second provides a second label for the arc, and should be used if a transducer is being encoded.
arc/fromnetsgives the identifier of the node which is adjacent from this arc.proporciona el identificador al nodo adyacente al nodo corriente.
arc/tonetsgives the identifier of the node which is adjacent to this arc.proporciona el identificador al nodo adyacente al nodo corriente.
argumenttextstructurecontains a formal list or prose description of the topics addressed by a subdivision of a text.lista formal o descripción de los argumentos contenidos en una sección de texto.
atttagdocscontains the name of an attribute appearing within running text.contiene el nombre de un atributo que aparece en el interior de un texto.attributeatributoAs an alternative to using scheme attribute a namespace prefix may be used. Where both <att>scheme</att> and a prefix are used, the prefix takes precedence.
att/schemetagdocssupplies an identifier for the scheme in which this name is defined.proporciona un identificador al esquema en el cual se define tal nombre.
att/scheme/TEItagdocsthis attribute is part of the TEI scheme.este atributo es parte del esquema de TEI.text encoding initiativeeste atributo es parte del esquema TEI.
att/scheme/DBKtagdocsthis attribute is part of the Docbook scheme.este atributo es parte del esquema de Docbook.docbookeste atributo es parte del esquema Docbook.
att/scheme/XXtagdocsthis attribute is part of an unknown scheme.este atributo es parte de un esquema desconocido.unknowneste atributo es parte de un esquema desconocido.
att/scheme/imaginarytagdocsthe attribute is from a non-existent scheme, for illustrative purposes only
att/scheme/XHTMLtagdocsthe attribute is part of the XHTML language
att/scheme/XMLtagdocsthe attribute is part of the XML language
att/scheme/XItagdocsthe attribute is defined in the xInclude schema
att.ascribedteiprovides attributes for elements representing speech or action that can be ascribed to a specific individual.proporciona atributos para los elementos que representan palabras o acciones atribuibles a individuos determinados.
att.ascribed/whoteiindicates the person, or group of people, to whom the element content is ascribed.indica la persona o grupo de personas a las que se refiere el contenido del elemento.For transcribed speech, this will typically identify a participant or participant group; in other contexts, it will point to any identified <gi>person</gi> element.
att.ascribed.directedteiprovides attributes for elements representing speech or action that can be directed at a group or individual.
att.ascribed.directed/toWhomteiindicates the person, or group of people, to whom a speech act or action is directed.To indicate the recipient of written correspondence, use the elements used in section <ptr target="#HD44CD"></ptr>, rather than a <att>toWhom</att> attribute.
att.breakingteiprovides an attribute to indicate whether or not the element concerned is considered to mark the end of an orthographic token in the same way as whitespace.
att.breaking/breakteiindicates whether or not the element bearing this attribute should be considered to mark the end of an orthographic token in the same way as whitespace.
att.breaking/break/yesteithe element bearing this attribute is considered to mark the end of any adjacent orthographic token irrespective of the presence of any adjacent whitespace
att.breaking/break/noteithe element bearing this attribute is considered not to mark the end of any adjacent orthographic token irrespective of the presence of any adjacent whitespace
att.breaking/break/maybeteithe encoding does not take any position on this issue.
att.cReferencingteiprovides an attribute which may be used to supply a <term>canonical reference</term> as a means of identifying the target of a pointer.
att.cReferencing/cRefteispecifies the destination of the pointer by supplying a canonical reference expressed using the scheme defined in a <gi>refsDecl</gi> element in the TEI headerespecifica la destinación de un señalizador proporcionando una referencia canónica de un esquema definido en un elemento <gi>refsDecl</gi> en el encabezado TEI.canonical referencereferencia canónicaThe value of <att>cRef</att> should be constructed so that when the algorithm for the resolution of canonical references (described in section <ptr target="#SACR"></ptr>) is applied to it the result is a valid URI reference to the intended target The <gi>refsDecl</gi> to use may be indicated with the <att>decls</att> attribute. Currently these Guidelines only provide for a single canonical reference to be encoded on any given <gi>ptr</gi> element.
att.canonicalteiprovides attributes which can be used to associate a representation such as a name or title with canonical information about the object being named or referenced.
att.canonical/keyteiprovides an externally-defined means of identifying the entity (or entities) being named, using a coded value of some kind.The value may be a unique identifier from a database, or any other externally-defined string identifying the referent. No particular syntax is proposed for the values of the <att>key</att> attribute, since its form will depend entirely on practice within a given project. For the same reason, this attribute is not recommended in data interchange, since there is no way of ensuring that the values used by one project are distinct from those used by another. In such a situation, a preferable approach for magic tokens which follows standard practice on the Web is to use a <att>ref</att> attribute whose value is a tag URI as defined in <ref target="#RFC4151">RFC 4151</ref>.
att.canonical/refteiprovides an explicit means of locating a full definition or identity for the entity being named by means of one or more URIs.referenceThe value must point directly to one or more XML elements or other resources by means of one or more URIs, separated by whitespace. If more than one is supplied the implication is that the name identifies several distinct entities.
att.citingteiprovides attributes for specifying the specific part of a bibliographic item being cited.
att.citing/unitteiidentifies the unit of information conveyed by the element, e.g. <val>columns</val>, <val>pages</val>, <val>volume</val>, <val>entry</val>.
att.citing/unit/volumeteithe element contains a volume number.el elemento contiene el número de volumen.el elemento contiene el número de un volumen.
att.citing/unit/issueteithe element contains an issue number, or volume and issue numbers.el elemento contiene el número de la edición, o los números del volumen y de la edición.
att.citing/unit/pageteithe element contains a page number or page range.el elemento contiene una página o un intervalo de páginas.el elemento contiene un número de página o el intervalo de páginas.
att.citing/unit/lineteithe element contains a line number or line range.
att.citing/unit/chapterteithe element contains a chapter indication (number and/or title)el elemento contiene la indicación del capítulo (número y/o el título)capítulo
att.citing/unit/partteithe element identifies a part of a book or collection.el elemento identifica una parte de un libro o de una colección.
att.citing/unit/columnteithe element identifies a column.
att.citing/unit/entryteithe element identifies an entry number or label in a list of entries.
att.citing/fromteispecifies the starting point of the range of units indicated by the <att>unit</att> attribute.