Pump Comparision
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x`Installation Standards
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RequirementFM GlobalCEA 4001:2003
BS EN12845:2003
VdS CEA GuidelineAPSAD R1 2003Notes
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Water SupplyTank Size1 - 4 hrs. (based on occupancy) X total water demand. 100 - 1900 m30.5 - 1.5 Hours X sprinkler water demand. 9 - 200 m3 for LH - OH4 225 - 1090 m3 for HHP and HHS0.5 - 1.5 Hours X sprinkler water demand. 9 - 200 m3 for LH - OH4 225 - 1090 m3 for HHP and HHS0.5 - 1.5 Hours X sprinkler water demand. 9 - 200 m3 for LH - OH4 225 - 1090 m3 for HHP and HHS0.5 - 1.5 Hours x sprinkler water demand (At demand point S2). 2hrs for LDS and more (based on occupancy)
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Pump tanking suction under lift allowed?NoYesYesYesYes
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Booster pumps allowed?YesYesYesNo?Yes
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Booster pump low suction pressure valve or shut down allowed.Yes, if mandated by the Authorities Having Juridiction.No* No*No*No** An acceptable public supply must have sufficent volume and pressure to prevent low suction pressure conditions.
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Suction pipe size.Sized such that at 150% of pump rated flow, suction pressure is 0 bar or greater.Sized such that the minimum NPSH of the pump is exceeded by 1 m at the maximum demand flow. Sized such that the minimum NPSH of the pump is exceeded by 1 m at the maximum demand flow. Sized such that the minimum NPSH of the pump is exceeded by 1 m at the maximum demand flow. Sized at QS3 (130%) of pump rated flow.
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Max suction water velocity.4.57 m/s1.8 m/s1.8 m/s1.8 m/s for HHP and HHS only. 1.8 m/s (En charge) 1.5 m/s (En aspiration)
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Pressure tank allowed?NoYes, LH and OH1 only.Yes, LH and OH1 only.Yes, LH and OH1 only.For "Source A" only.Pressure tank may be suitable as a second or third suction source.
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PumpsInstall pump so it can be inspected or replaced without removal of other components.YesYesYesYesYes
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If multiple pumps are installed, only one can be electric motor driven. NoYes, but allows exception by country.YesNoNo
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Room Construction Fire Rating.1 Hour - Sprinklered 2 Hour - Unsprinklered 1 Hour1 Hour1 Hour2 Hours
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Pump room min. temperature.4oC4oC Electric 10oC Diesel4oC Electric 10oC Diesel4oC Electric 10oC Diesel4oC Electric 10oC Diesel
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Max water temp.Not Specified40oC (25oC for submersible pumps)40oC (25oC for submersible pumps)40oC (25oC for submersible pumps)40oC (Not Specified for submersible pumps)
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Pump casing circulation relief valve & air release valve.YesYesYesYesNot Specified
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Automatic prime required?Does Not ApplyYes, for pumps taking suction under lift.Yes, for pumps taking suction under lift.Yes, for pumps taking suction under lift.Yes, for pumps taking suction under lift.
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Submersible Pumps Allowed?NoYesYesYesYes
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Remote Pump Shutdown Allowed?NoNot SpecifiedNot SpecifiedNoNot Specified
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System DesignUp to 150% of pump capacity.Up to 125% of pump rated capacity.
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Pressure LimitationMin. system component pressure rating.12 BarMin. system component pressure rating.12 BarAt churn: 10 Bar (+ 5%) If >: Min. system component pressure rating.
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Driver SizingMax. power required by pump at any flow point.Max. power required by pump at any flow point.Max. power required by pump at any flow point.Max. power required by pump at any flow point.
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Required number of starting pressure switches.12222
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Remote mounting of pressure switch allowed?No, must be integral to controller.YesYesYesYes
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Main Relief ValveRequired for diesel fire pumps when a 20% increase in driver speed would develop pressure in excess of the minimum system component rating. Not SpecifiedNot SpecifiedNot SpecifiedNot Specified
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ElectricSeparate electric feed and disconnect for pump room loads.YesYesYesYesYes
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Dedicated electric feed connected ahead of main plant switch.YesPreferred, but main switch load side connection allowed.Preferred, but main switch load side connection allowed.Preferred, but main switch load side connection allowed.Preferred, but main switch load side connection allowed.
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Feeder cable sizing.125% of motor full load current.150% of motor full load current + max. starting current for 10 sec. 150% of motor full load current.150% of motor full load current + max. starting current for 10 sec. Complying with NF C 15-100 (Mini AG2 Type)
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Feeder cable arrangement.Routed outside building, below ground, or encased in concrete.Routed outside building, below ground, or through areas of neglegable fire risk and provided with 1 hr. fire barrier. It is strongly recommended that cables are buried.Routed outside protected area, below ground, or through areas of neglegable fire risk and provided with 1 hr. fire barrier. Must meet cable test requirement DIN VDE 0276-603 + 0276-604 and protected by a fire rated barrier (buried 70cm, encased in 10cm of concrete); or meet DIN 4102-12 E30 (sprinklered areas) or E90 (for non-sprinklered areas); or E90 rated with additional VdS testing for mechanical integrity and water exposure (for installation under roof deck). It is strongly recommended that cables are buried.Routed outside building, below ground, through areas protected by sprinkler or other automatic extinguishing system in accordance with APSAD standard. It is strongly recommended that cables are buried. if not possible they shall be installed under protection or at the floor level with mechanical protection.
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Fuses allowed?NoYesYesYesYes
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Controller overload trip point8 to 20 sec. at motor locked rotor current.75% of the time required for the motor windings to fail at locked rotor current.No less than 20 sec. at motor locked rotor current.75% of the time required for the motor windings to fail at locked rotor current or no less than 20 sec. at motor locked rotor current.
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Required alarms.Power available, Phase reversal, Pump Running, Power Available, Pump Demand, Pump Running.Power Available, Pump Demand, Pump Running, Start Failure.Power Available, Pump Demand, Pump Running.Complete list of required alarms at level 1 (Local alarms) & 2 (Transmitted alarms) for "source A", "source B" and "jockey pump"
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Electrical Rating of Starting components.115% of motor full load current.AC-3 EN60947-1AC-4 EN60947-1AC-3 EN60947-1
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Emergency Manual Start Required?YesNoNoNoNot Specified
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Maximum allowable starting voltage drop.15%Not SpecifiedNot Specified5%Not Specified
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Ground fault protectionNoNot SpecifiedNot SpecifiedNo
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Diesel Time to rated speed20 sec. 15 sec.15 sec.15 sec.15 sec.
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Air Cooled Engines Allowed?No YesYesYesYes
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Fuel Tank Size8hrs +10%3 - 6 hours depending on hazard level.3 - 6 hours depending on hazard level.3 - 6 hours depending on hazard level.3 hours + Additionnal supply 3h .
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Automatic Start Attempts6 x 15 seconds each.6 x 5-10 seconds each.6 x 5-10 seconds each.6 x 5-10 seconds each.6 x 15 seconds each.
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Emergency Manual Start Required?YesYesYesYesYes
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Number of engine starter motors required.11111
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Engine Overspeed ShutdownYesNoNoNo
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Number of batteries22222
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Battery SelectionNot SpecifiedLead Acid or Nicad complying with IEC Lead Acid Std. or IEC 60623. Lead Acid or Nicad complying with EN 50342 or EN 60623Lead Acid or Nicad complying with IEC Lead Acid Std. or IEC 60623. Not Specified
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Battery sizing.Minimum to ensure 12 starting attempts, each 15 sec. in duration at 4.5oC.Not SpecifiedNot SpecifiedLarge enough to rotate the engine at 0oC at minimum of 120 rpm for a minimum of 10 starting attempts, each 15 sec. in duration. Minimum to ensure 6 starting attempts, each 15 sec.in duration per battery at mini 10oC.
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Starting Voltage DropNot SpecifiedNot SpecifiedNot Specified45% maximumNot Specified
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Number of battery chargers.22222
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Battery charger size.Large enough to ensure a full battery recharge in 24 hrs. (10 amps typical) Lead Acid - Between 3.5% and 7.5% of the 10 h capacity of the battery. NiCad - Between 25% and 167% of the 5 h capacity of the battery.Lead Acid - Between 3.5% and 7.5% of the 10 h capacity of the battery. NiCad - Between 25% and 167% of the 5 h capacity of the battery.Lead Acid - Between 3.5% and 7.5% of the 10 h capacity of the battery. NiCad - Between 25% and 167% of the 5 h capacity of the battery.Not Specified
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Required alarms.Not in Automatic Start, Low Oil Pressure, High Coolant Temp., Failure to Start, Overspeed Shutdown, Low Fuel Level.Not in Automatic Start, Failure to Start, Pump Running.Not in Automatic Start, Failure to Start, Pump Running, Controller Fault.Engine monitoring alarms per DIN ISO 8528-4 Cl. 7.3. Not in Automatic Start, Failure to Start, Pump Running.Complete list of required alarms at level 1 (Local alarms) & 2 (Transmitted alarms)
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Spare part requirements.NoYesYesYesYes
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