Open Education timeline
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The Oxford Extension Movement9/1/1878 Oxford University launches the Oxford Extension Movement signalling an educational responsibility to the general community by sending lecturers into towns and cities across Victorian England, bringing university culture to a diverse adult audience. The first lectures were delivered by the Reverend
Arthur Johnson, Lecturer in Modern History in Birmingham, in September 1878., openeducationBirmingham
Alan Turing born6/23/19127/6/1954Alan Mathison Turing, OBE, FRS was a British mathematician, logician, cryptanalyst, and computer scientist. He was highly influential in the development of computer science, giving a formalisation of the concepts of "algorithm" and "computation" with the Turing machine, which can be considered a model of a general purpose computer. TuringWikipediaopeneducation, open,UKWikipedia
MIT Model railroad club1/1/1946The Tech Model Railroad Club (TMRC) is a student organization at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), and one of the most celebrated model railroad clubs in the world, because of its historic role as a wellspring of hacker culture. Formed in 1946, its HO scale layout specializes in automated operation of model trains., open,42.37362, -71.10973
Syndicat - the thing1/1/1960openeducation, open,
King Mob1/1/1960openeducation, open,
Beginning of ARPANET1/1/19691/1/1990The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) was one of the world's first operational packet switching networks, the first network to implement TCP/IP, and the progenitor of what was to become the global Internet., open,US37.09024, -95.71289Wikipedia
Open University starts1/5/1969May 1969 Professor Walter Perry had been appointed as The Open University's first Vice-Chancellor and he and a dozen staff were in office using the house in Belgrave Square where the Planning Committee had been meeting., open,Milton Keynes, UK 52.04062, -0.75942Open University Website
Computer assisted instruction1/1/1970openeducation, open,
1st Students begin courses at the Open University1/1/1971The OU opened to its first students – 25,000 of them - in January 1971 with a choice of four multi-disciplinary foundation courses in the arts, social sciences, science or maths. Open UniversityThe Guardianopeneducation, open,Milton Keynes, UK 52.04062, -0.75942Open University Website
Apple Founded1/4/1976Apple Inc., formerly Apple Computer, Inc., is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Cupertino, California,[2] that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software and personal computers. Its best-known hardware products are the Mac line of computers, the iPod music player, the iPhone smartphone, and the iPad tablet computer. Its consumer software includes the OS X and iOS operating systems, the iTunes media browser, the Safari web browser, and the iLife and iWork creativity and productivity suites. Apple logoLogo picturesopeneducation, open, appleCupertino, California37.32300, -122.03218Wikipedia
Consumer microcomputer introduced1/1/1977The history of personal computer as mass-market consumer electronic devices effectively began in 1977 with the introduction of microcomputers, although some mainframe and maincomputers had been applied as single-user systems much earlier., open,
Free software movement founded by launch of GNU9/1/1983Free software movement is a movement with goal of obtaining and guaranteeing certain freedoms for software users, namely the freedom to run the software, to study and change the software, and to redistribute copies with or without changes., open,Wikipedia
Stallman founded the Free Software Foundation1/1/1985
The well1/1/1989openeducation, open,
FSF started1/1/1989openeducation, open,
IRC1/1/1989openeducation, open,
WWW Invented 1/3/1989WWW is a system of interlinked hypertext documents accessed via the Internet., open,
Nettime mailing list1/1/1990http://www.nettime.orgopeneducation, open,
Clubcard1/1/1990openeducation, open,
Iratinal pirate radio1/1/1990openeducation, open,
Backspace1/1/1990openeducation, open,
Fidonet1/1/1990openeducation, open,
Next 5 minutes tactical media1/1/1990openeducation, open,
medlamatic.nl1/1/1990openeducation, open,
Cybercafe BBS1/1/1992
openeducation, open,
Dorpa Project 1/1/1997openeducation, open,
Bodington VLE1/1/1997Bodington was originally developed at University of Leeds by Jon Maber and Andrew (Aggie) Booth in 1995. It was subsequently released as open source. The first scaled deployment of Bodington was in 1997, the same year WebCT 1.0 was released and Blackboard was founded. A year later Martin Dougiamas began preliminary work on Moodle. openeducation, open,opensourceLeeds
DIT Activism (anti roads)1/1/1998openeducation, open,
Introduction of tuition fees in UK1/1/1998openeducation, open,UK52.35552, -1.17432
Reclaim the streets1/1/1998openeducation, open,
Digital Millenium Copyright Act1/1/1998openeducation, open,
Linux released1/1/1998openeducation, open,
David Wiley developed Open Content Licences1/7/1998, open,
Copyright Term Extension Act (CTEA)7/10/1998The Copyright Term Extension Act (CTEA) of 1998 extended copyright terms in the United States. Since the Copyright Act of 1976, copyright would last for the life of the author plus 50 years, or 75 years for a work of corporate authorship. The Act extended these terms to life of the author plus 70 years and for works of corporate authorship to 120 years after creation or 95 years after publication, whichever endpoint is earlier, open,
Open Source definition1/1/1999openeducation, open,
Napster1/1/1999openeducation, open,
Apache Software Foundation Founded1/6/1999openeducation, open,
First Big brother awards4/7/1999The Big Brother Awards recognize "the government and private sector organizations ... which have done the most to threaten personal privacy". They are named after the George Orwell character Big Brother from the novel Nineteen Eighty-Four. They are awarded yearly to authorities, companies, organisations, and persons that have been acting particularly and consistently to threaten or violate people's privacy, or disclosed people's personal data to third parties.openeducation, open,Washington, D.C
CFront.org1/1/2000openeducation, open,
David Wiley wrote 'The Instructional Use of Learning Objects'1/1/2000David Wiley wrote 'The Instructional Use of Learning Objects', a new book that tries to go beyond the technological hype and connect learning objects to instruction and learning. It is published online under the Open Publication License and for sale in print., open,
Consume-ner world sumit 4 tree info systems1/1/2000openeducation, open,
Indymedia1/1/2000openeducation, open,
Hacking at large1/1/2000openeducation, open,
Richard Stallman proposes concept of a free-as-in-freedom online encyclopedia1/12/2000, open,
Mozilla starts in AOL/Netscape11/14/2000openeducation, open,
Freedom of Information act11/30/2000The Freedom of Information Act 2000 (c.36) is an Act of Parliament of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that creates a public "right of access" to information held by public authorities.openeducation, open,
University of Openess1/1/2001The University of Openess is a self-institution for independent research, collaboration and learning.openeducation, open,
Telestreets IT1/1/2001openeducation, open,
Free art licence1/1/2001openeducation, open,
Wikipedia launched1/15/2001Wikipedia is a collaboratively edited, multilingual, free Internet encyclopedia supported by the non-profit Wikimedia Foundation. Wikipedia's 30 million articles in 287 languages, including over 4.3 million in the English Wikipedia, are written collaboratively by volunteers around the world.http://www.wikipedia.org, open, wikipediaWikipedia
California Open Source Textbook Project (COSTP)5/1/2001A public/private not-for-profit venture whose original emphasis was using open licensing to eliminate K12 textbook shortages in California - eventually eliminating the high cost of textbooks in the K20 sector. COSTP was a primary contributor and information agent for many organizations in the early stages of the OER movement. COSTP has since evolved to a K20 education consultancy focused on public/private efforts to use open licensing, digital innovation, and distributed Internet and cross-platform technologies to increase educational access, decrease educational cost, and vastly increase educational outcomes in the K20, worldwide.
Budapest Open Access initiative12/1/200112/1/2001http://www.budapestopenaccessinitiative.orgopeneducation, open,47.49791, 19.04023
MIT Courseware released1/1/2002openeducation, open,
Jorum began1/1/2002WIth Jisc funding, the Jorum+ project was launched in 2002 to be a repository of both hosted and third party content., open,Manchester, UK53.47932, -2.24849A History of Jorum 2002-2008
OECD Formulation1/1/2002openeducation, open,
MIT OpenCourseware pilot goes live1/1/200250 courses published. Pilot version goes live with 50 courses. Spanish and Portuguese translations added.
Creative Commons launched1/1/2002openeducation, open,
OSS Watch UK advisory service starts1/1/2003openeducation, open,
Lessig loses supreme court case1/1/2003openeducation, open,
Top Courses - Chinese Government1/1/2003openeducation, open,
Open Education Conference1/8/2003First annual Open Education Conference. Held at Utah State University.
China Open Resources for Education (CORE)1/11/2003The China Open Resources for Education (CORE) is a non-profit organization. Its mission is to promote closer interaction and open sharing of educational resources between Chinese and international universities, which CORE envisions as the future of world education., open,China35.86166, 04.19540
MIT OCW adopts CC licences1/1/2004openeducation, open,
Sakai project begins1/1/2004
Cartographic Congress1/1/2004openeducation, open,
Firefox 1.01/1/2004openeducation, open,
Creative Commons launch Science Commons1/1/2005openeducation, open,
Open Courseware Consortium1/1/2005openeducation, open,
UK FOI1/1/2005openeducation, open,
NIH OA Policy1/1/2005openeducation, open,
First OpenEd Conference1/1/2005openeducation, open,
Stalman lunch worned about open wireless1/1/2006openeducation, open,
Open definition1/1/2006openeducation, open,Dubrovnik
Open Education track iSummit 1/1/2006openeducation, open,
iSummit (Creative Commons and others)1/1/2006openeducation, open,Rio de Janiero-22.90354, -43.20959
Open University started Open Courseware1/1/2006openeducation, open,
Chan academy launches1/1/2006openeducation, open,
Pirate bay1/1/2006openeducation, open,
Node test1/1/2006openeducation, open,
WikiEducator launched1/5/2006WikiEducator is a community project working collaboratively with the Free Culture Movement towards a free version of the education curriculum by 2015., open,
First MOOC - connectivism1/1/2007openeducation, open,
Capetown OER Declaration1/9/2007The Cape Town Open Education Declaration arises from a small but lively meeting convened in Cape Town in September 2007. The aim of this meeting was to accelerate efforts to promote open resources, technology and teaching practices in education.http://www.capetowndeclaration.org, open,Cape Town-33.92487, 18.42406
Giving Knowledge for Free: The Emergence of Open Educational Resources5/22/2007Learning resources are often considered key intellectual property in a competitive higher education world. However, more and more institutions and individuals are sharing their digital learning resources over the Internet, openly and for free, as Open Educational Resources (OER). This study, building on previous OECD work on e-learning, asks why this is happening, who is involved and what the most important implications of this development are. The report offers a comprehensive overview of the rapidly changing phenomenon of Open Educational Resources and the challenges it poses for higher education. It examines reasons for individuals and institutions to share resources for free, and looks at copyright issues, sustainability and business models as well as policy implications. It will be of particular interest to those involved in e-learning or strategic decision making within higher education, to researchers and to students of new technologies.
iCommons Summit Dubrovnik6/15/20076/17/20073rd isummit focused in differnt tracks, the educational one was quite important PõldojaFlickropen, creative commonsDubrovnik. Croatia42.65066, 18.09442iCommons
iCommons Summit Dubrovnik - Education Track6/15/20076/17/2007Conducted by Mark Surman and Allen Gunn. One of the conclusions was to have a Declaration as the Open Access ones that later became teh Cape Town Declaration, creative commonsDubrovnik. Croatia42.65066, 18.09442
Floss manuals booksprint for OLPC1/8/2008openeducation, open,
Opening Up Education3/3/2008The Collective Avancement of Education through Open Technology, Open Content and Open Knowledge' book is published by MIT.
Crowdsourcing for the Great War Archive begins in Oxford5/1/2008Members of the public were first invited to contribute digital artefacts to the Great War Archive at University of Oxford in May 2008. The collection has subsequently grown via the Europeana 1914-1918 project to gather further stories and memorabilia from the First World War. The Archive includes items from all across the world and offers a unique open resource to learners, teachers and researchers. Anyone who wants to share their stories or images can do so via the multi-lingual website at Public open days are being held across Europe in 2013-14., openOxford51.75961, -1.25346
OER Handbook for Educators published8/18/2008The OER Handbook is an introductory guide for educators to the Open Education movement. The handbook is arranged along the "OER Lifecycle:" Find, Compose, Adapt, Use and Share. Handbook CoverSunshineconnelly on Wikieducatoropeneducation, oer, handbookLogan, Utah41.447, 111.503W 111° 50' 3''
University of Oxford joins itunesU10/7/2008The University of Oxford begins to publish thousands of audio and video lectures in itunesU. The lectures are offered for free download and under open licences for re-use. The Creative Commons logo is prominently displayed on the University of Oxford album covers., openOxford51.75961, -1.25346
P2PU launches1/1/2009openeducation, open,
XMOOC stanford (artificail intelligence course)1/1/2009openeducation, open,
School of Everything1/1/2009http://schoolofeverything.comopeneducation, open,
Wikileak launch1/1/2009WikiLeaks is a not-for-profit media organisation. Our goal is to bring important news and information to the public. We provide an innovative, secure and anonymous way for sources to leak information to our journalists (our electronic drop box). http://wikileaks.orgopeneducation, open,
Open wireless network1/1/2009openeducation, open,London51.51121, -0.11982
Elinor Ostrom wins nobel prize1/1/2009In 2009, Ostrom became the first woman to receive the prestigious Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, commonly known as the Nobel Prize in Economics. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences cited Ostrom "for her analysis of economic governance," saying her work had demonstrated how common property could be successfully managed by groups using it. Ostrom and Oliver E. Williamson shared the 10-million Swedish kronor (£910,000; $1.44 m) prize for their separate work in economic governance. OstromWikipediaopeneducation, open,
JISC launches major funding for OER projects in the UK.4/1/2009Between April 2009 and September 2012, JISC and the Higher Education Academy supported pilot projects and activities around the open release of learning resources; for free use and repurposing worldwide. Projects were asked to make a significant amount of existing learning resources freely available online, licensed in such away to enable them to be used and repurposed worldwide.It was expected that funded projects would demonstrate a long term commitment to the release of open educational resources (OER). Projects worked towards the sustainability of long term open resources release via the adoption of appropriate business models to support this. Supporting actions included modifications to institutional policies and processes, with the aim of making open resources release an expected part of the educational resources creation cycle. As a part of this programme, support and advice on all aspects of open educational resource release were offered. This included guidance and advice from existing JISC services and other organisations and covered issues around licensing, intellectual property rights, technical aspects such as the use of standards and metadata, and resource discovery., openUK
99 launched5/25/ is a U.S. government website launched in late May 2009 by the then Federal Chief Information Officer (CIO) of the United States, Vivek Kundra., open,US
JorumOpen launched1/1/2010