Open Education timeline
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TitleStartEndDescriptionWeb PageMediaMedia CaptionMedia CreditTagsPlaceLocationSourceSource URL
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The Oxford Extension Movement9/1/1878 Oxford University launches the Oxford Extension Movement signalling an educational responsibility to the general community by sending lecturers into towns and cities across Victorian England, bringing university culture to a diverse adult audience. The first lectures were delivered by the Reverend
Arthur Johnson, Lecturer in Modern History in Birmingham, in September 1878.
https://www.conted.ox.ac.uk/about/history/index.phpextension, openeducationBirmingham
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Alan Turing born6/23/19127/6/1954Alan Mathison Turing, OBE, FRS was a British mathematician, logician, cryptanalyst, and computer scientist. He was highly influential in the development of computer science, giving a formalisation of the concepts of "algorithm" and "computation" with the Turing machine, which can be considered a model of a general purpose computer.http://www.turing.org.ukhttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/c/c8/Alan_Turing_photo.jpg/200px-Alan_Turing_photo.jpgAlan TuringWikipediaopeneducation, open,UKWikipediahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alan_turing
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MIT Model railroad club1/1/1946The Tech Model Railroad Club (TMRC) is a student organization at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), and one of the most celebrated model railroad clubs in the world, because of its historic role as a wellspring of hacker culture. Formed in 1946, its HO scale layout specializes in automated operation of model trains.http://tmrc.mit.eduhttp://tmrc.mit.edu/images/logo-www.jpgopeneducation, open,42.37362, -71.10973
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Syndicat - the thing1/1/1960openeducation, open,
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Cybercafe BBS1/1/1992
openeducation, open,
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King Mob1/1/1960openeducation, open,
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Beginning of ARPANET1/1/19691/1/1990The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) was one of the world's first operational packet switching networks, the first network to implement TCP/IP, and the progenitor of what was to become the global Internet.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ARPANEThttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bf/Arpanet_logical_map%2C_march_1977.png/800px-Arpanet_logical_map%2C_march_1977.pngARPANETWikimediaopeneducation, open,US37.09024, -95.71289Wikipediahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ARPANET
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Open University starts1/5/1969May 1969 Professor Walter Perry had been appointed as The Open University's first Vice-Chancellor and he and a dozen staff were in office using the house in Belgrave Square where the Planning Committee had been meeting.http://www.open.ac.ukhttp://www8.open.ac.uk/about/main/files/aboutmain/imagecache/feature_block/The-Opening-222.jpgopeneducation, open,Milton Keynes, UK 52.04062, -0.75942Open University Websitehttp://www.open.ac.uk
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Computer assisted instruction1/1/1970openeducation, open,
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Free software movement founded by launch of GNU9/1/1983Free software movement is a movement with goal of obtaining and guaranteeing certain freedoms for software users, namely the freedom to run the software, to study and change the software, and to redistribute copies with or without changes.http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/2/22/Heckert_GNU_white.svg/300px-Heckert_GNU_white.svg.pngGNUWikipediaopeneducation, open,Wikipediahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Free_software_movement
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Stallman founded the Free Software Foundation1/1/1985
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1st Students begin courses at the Open University1/1/1971The OU opened to its first students – 25,000 of them - in January 1971 with a choice of four multi-disciplinary foundation courses in the arts, social sciences, science or maths.http://www.open.ac.ukhttp://static.guim.co.uk/sys-images/Education/Pix/university_guide/2010/05/06/Open-uni-460x276.gifThe Open UniversityThe Guardianopeneducation, open,Milton Keynes, UK 52.04062, -0.75942Open University Websitehttp://www.open.ac.uk
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Apple Founded1/4/1976Apple Inc., formerly Apple Computer, Inc., is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Cupertino, California,[2] that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software and personal computers. Its best-known hardware products are the Mac line of computers, the iPod music player, the iPhone smartphone, and the iPad tablet computer. Its consumer software includes the OS X and iOS operating systems, the iTunes media browser, the Safari web browser, and the iLife and iWork creativity and productivity suites.http://www.apple.comhttp://1.bp.blogspot.com/_LgF7ePXTRlA/TTXdqhZLHcI/AAAAAAAAAEg/M2ya6KBz61E/s1600/apple_logo_rainbow.gifOld Apple logoLogo picturesopeneducation, open, appleCupertino, California37.32300, -122.03218Wikipediahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apple_Inc.
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Consumer microcomputer introduced1/1/1977The history of personal computer as mass-market consumer electronic devices effectively began in 1977 with the introduction of microcomputers, although some mainframe and maincomputers had been applied as single-user systems much earlier.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_personal_computersopeneducation, open,
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The well1/1/1989openeducation, open,
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FSF started1/1/1989openeducation, open,
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IRC1/1/1989openeducation, open,
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WWW Invented 1/3/1989WWW is a system of interlinked hypertext documents accessed via the Internet.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Wide_Webhttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b2/WWW_logo_by_Robert_Cailliau.svg/200px-WWW_logo_by_Robert_Cailliau.svg.pngopeneducation, open,
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Mozilla starts in AOL/Netscape11/14/2000openeducation, open,
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Nettime mailing list1/1/1990http://www.nettime.orgopeneducation, open,
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Clubcard1/1/1990openeducation, open,
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Iratinal pirate radio1/1/1990openeducation, open,
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Backspace1/1/1990openeducation, open,
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First Big brother awards4/7/1999The Big Brother Awards recognize "the government and private sector organizations ... which have done the most to threaten personal privacy". They are named after the George Orwell character Big Brother from the novel Nineteen Eighty-Four. They are awarded yearly to authorities, companies, organisations, and persons that have been acting particularly and consistently to threaten or violate people's privacy, or disclosed people's personal data to third parties.openeducation, open,Washington, D.C
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Fidonet1/1/1990openeducation, open,
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Next 5 minutes tactical media1/1/1990openeducation, open,
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medlamatic.nl1/1/1990openeducation, open,
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Dorpa Project 1/1/1997openeducation, open,
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Bodington VLE1/1/1997Bodington was originally developed at University of Leeds by Jon Maber and Andrew (Aggie) Booth in 1995. It was subsequently released as open source. The first scaled deployment of Bodington was in 1997, the same year WebCT 1.0 was released and Blackboard was founded. A year later Martin Dougiamas began preliminary work on Moodle. openeducation, open,opensourceLeeds
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DIT Activism (anti roads)1/1/1998openeducation, open,
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David Wiley developed Open Content Licences1/7/1998http://opencontent.org/openeducation, open,
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Introduction of tuition fees in UK1/1/1998openeducation, open,UK52.35552, -1.17432
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Reclaim the streets1/1/1998openeducation, open,
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Digital Millenium Copyright Act1/1/1998openeducation, open,
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Linux released1/1/1998openeducation, open,
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Copyright Term Extension Act (CTEA)7/10/1998The Copyright Term Extension Act (CTEA) of 1998 extended copyright terms in the United States. Since the Copyright Act of 1976, copyright would last for the life of the author plus 50 years, or 75 years for a work of corporate authorship. The Act extended these terms to life of the author plus 70 years and for works of corporate authorship to 120 years after creation or 95 years after publication, whichever endpoint is earlierhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copyright_Term_Extension_Actopeneducation, open,
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Open Source definition1/1/1999openeducation, open,
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Napster1/1/1999openeducation, open,
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Apache Software Foundation Founded1/6/1999openeducation, open,
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CFront.org1/1/2000openeducation, open,
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David Wiley wrote 'The Instructional Use of Learning Objects'1/1/2000David Wiley wrote 'The Instructional Use of Learning Objects', a new book that tries to go beyond the technological hype and connect learning objects to instruction and learning. It is published online under the Open Publication License and for sale in print.http://www.reusability.org/read/openeducation, open,
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Consume-ner world sumit 4 tree info systems1/1/2000openeducation, open,
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Freedom of Information act11/30/2000The Freedom of Information Act 2000 (c.36) is an Act of Parliament of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that creates a public "right of access" to information held by public authorities.openeducation, open,
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Indymedia1/1/2000openeducation, open,
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Hacking at large1/1/2000openeducation, open,
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Richard Stallman proposes concept of a free-as-in-freedom online encyclopedia1/12/2000http://www.gnu.org/encyclopedia/anencyc.txtopeneducation, open,
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University of Openess1/1/2001The University of Openess is a self-institution for independent research, collaboration and learning.openeducation, open,
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Budapest Open Access initiative12/1/200112/1/2001http://www.budapestopenaccessinitiative.orgopeneducation, open,47.49791, 19.04023
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Telestreets IT1/1/2001openeducation, open,
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Free art licence1/1/2001openeducation, open,
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Wikipedia launched1/15/2001Wikipedia is a collaboratively edited, multilingual, free Internet encyclopedia supported by the non-profit Wikimedia Foundation. Wikipedia's 30 million articles in 287 languages, including over 4.3 million in the English Wikipedia, are written collaboratively by volunteers around the world.http://www.wikipedia.orghttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/63/Wikipedia-logo.pngWikipediaWikipediaopeneducation, open, wikipediaWikipediahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Wikipedia
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California Open Source Textbook Project (COSTP)5/1/2001A public/private not-for-profit venture whose original emphasis was using open licensing to eliminate K12 textbook shortages in California - eventually eliminating the high cost of textbooks in the K20 sector. COSTP was a primary contributor and information agent for many organizations in the early stages of the OER movement. COSTP has since evolved to a K20 education consultancy focused on public/private efforts to use open licensing, digital innovation, and distributed Internet and cross-platform technologies to increase educational access, decrease educational cost, and vastly increase educational outcomes in the K20, worldwide. http://www.opensourcetext.org
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MIT Courseware released1/1/2002openeducation, open,
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Jorum began1/1/2002WIth Jisc funding, the Jorum+ project was launched in 2002 to be a repository of both hosted and third party content.http://www.jorum.ac.ukopeneducation, open,Manchester, UK53.47932, -2.24849A History of Jorum 2002-2008http://www.jorum.ac.uk/about-us/publications
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OECD Formulation1/1/2002openeducation, open,
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MIT OpenCourseware pilot goes live1/1/200250 courses published. Pilot version goes live with 50 courses. Spanish and Portuguese translations added.http://ocw.mit.edu/about/our-history/
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Creative Commons launched1/1/2002openeducation, open,
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OSS Watch UK advisory service starts1/1/2003openeducation, open,
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Lessig loses supreme court case1/1/2003openeducation, open,
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Top Courses - Chinese Government1/1/2003openeducation, open,
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Open Education Conference1/8/2003First annual Open Education Conference. Held at Utah State University.
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China Open Resources for Education (CORE)1/11/2003The China Open Resources for Education (CORE) is a non-profit organization. Its mission is to promote closer interaction and open sharing of educational resources between Chinese and international universities, which CORE envisions as the future of world education.http://www.core.org.cn/cn/jpkc/index_en.htmlopeneducation, open,China35.86166, 04.19540
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Bethesda Statement on open access publishing06/20/2003The Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing is a 2003 statement which defines the concept of open access and then supports that concept.http://legacy.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/bethesda.htmopeneducation, open,Chevy Chase, Maryland38.99492, -77.07721-77.07721
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MIT OCW adopts CC licences1/1/2004openeducation, open,
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Sakai project begins1/1/2004
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Berlin declaration on open access10/22/2003The Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities is a major international statement on open access / access to knowledge. It emerged in 2003 from a conference on open access hosted in Berlin by the Max Planck Society. Organizations that commit to implementing this definition of open access can sign on to the declaration. As of October 2007, more than 240 scientific organizations had signed the declaration. By Open Access Week 2013, 451 organizations had signed the declarationhttp://openaccess.mpg.de/286432/Berlin-Declarationhttp://blog.uchceu.es/international-relations/wp-content/uploads/sites/26/2013/06/BerlinOpenAccessDeclaration.jpgBerlin DeclarationCEU Blogopeneducation, open,Berlin52.52001, 13.40495Wikipediahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berlin_Declaration_on_Open_Access_to_Knowledge_in_the_Sciences_and_Humanities
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Cartographic Congress1/1/2004openeducation, open,
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Firefox 1.01/1/2004openeducation, open,
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Open Knowledge Foundation began05/24/2004The Open Knowledge Foundation (OKF) is a nonprofit organization that promotes open knowledge, including open content and open data. It was founded 24 May 2004 in Cambridge, UKhttp://okfn.orghttp://assets.okfn.org/files/talks/media/logo-okfn-text.jpgopeneducation, open,Cambridge, UK52.20534, 0.12182
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Creative Commons launch Science Commons1/1/2005openeducation, open,
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Open Courseware Consortium1/1/2005openeducation, open,
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UK FOI1/1/2005openeducation, open,
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NIH OA Policy1/1/2005openeducation, open,
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First OpenEd Conference1/1/2005openeducation, open,
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Stalman lunch worned about open wireless1/1/2006openeducation, open,
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Open definition1/1/2006openeducation, open,Dubrovnik
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Open Education track iSummit 1/1/2006openeducation, open,
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iSummit (Creative Commons and others)1/1/2006openeducation, open,Rio de Janiero-22.90354, -43.20959
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Open University started Open Courseware1/1/2006openeducation, open,
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Chan academy launches1/1/2006openeducation, open,
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Pirate bay1/1/2006openeducation, open,
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Node test1/1/2006openeducation, open,
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WikiEducator launched1/5/2006WikiEducator is a community project working collaboratively with the Free Culture Movement towards a free version of the education curriculum by 2015. http://wikieducator.org/http://www.col.org/SiteCollectionImages/Corner_wikiEducator_logo.jpgWikiEducatorCOLopeneducation, open,
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First MOOC - connectivism1/1/2007openeducation, open,
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Giving Knowledge for Free: The Emergence of Open Educational Resources5/22/2007Learning resources are often considered key intellectual property in a competitive higher education world. However, more and more institutions and individuals are sharing their digital learning resources over the Internet, openly and for free, as Open Educational Resources (OER). This study, building on previous OECD work on e-learning, asks why this is happening, who is involved and what the most important implications of this development are. The report offers a comprehensive overview of the rapidly changing phenomenon of Open Educational Resources and the challenges it poses for higher education. It examines reasons for individuals and institutions to share resources for free, and looks at copyright issues, sustainability and business models as well as policy implications. It will be of particular interest to those involved in e-learning or strategic decision making within higher education, to researchers and to students of new technologies.http://www.oecd.org/edu/ceri/givingknowledgeforfreetheemergenceofopeneducationalresources.htmhttp://www.oecd.org/edu/ceri/38654317.pdf
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Capetown OER Declaration1/9/2007The Cape Town Open Education Declaration arises from a small but lively meeting convened in Cape Town in September 2007. The aim of this meeting was to accelerate efforts to promote open resources, technology and teaching practices in education.http://www.capetowndeclaration.orghttp://www.col.org/SiteCollectionImages/corner_capetowndeclaration.jpgopeneducation, open,Cape Town-33.92487, 18.42406
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Opening Up Education3/3/2008The Collective Avancement of Education through Open Technology, Open Content and Open Knowledge' book is published by MIT.http://mitpress.mit.edu/books/opening-educationhttp://mitpress.mit.edu/covers/9780262515016.jpgBoston
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Floss manuals booksprint for OLPC1/8/2008openeducation, open,
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Crowdsourcing for the Great War Archive begins in Oxford5/1/2008Members of the public were first invited to contribute digital artefacts to the Great War Archive at University of Oxford in May 2008. The collection has subsequently grown via the Europeana 1914-1918 project to gather further stories and memorabilia from the First World War. The Archive includes items from all across the world and offers a unique open resource to learners, teachers and researchers. Anyone who wants to share their stories or images can do so via the multi-lingual website at
http://europeana1914-1918.eu. Public open days are being held across Europe in 2013-14.
http://www.oucs.ox.ac.uk/ww1lit/gwaopeneducation, openOxford51.75961, -1.25346
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University of Oxford joins itunesU10/7/2008The University of Oxford begins to publish thousands of audio and video lectures in itunesU. The lectures are offered for free download and under open licences for re-use. The Creative Commons logo is prominently displayed on the University of Oxford album covers.http://www.campaign.ox.ac.uk/news/itunes_u.htmlopeneducation, openOxford51.75961, -1.25346
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P2PU launches1/1/2009openeducation, open,
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XMOOC stanford (artificail intelligence course)1/1/2009openeducation, open,
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School of Everything1/1/2009http://schoolofeverything.comopeneducation, open,
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JISC launches major funding for OER projects in the UK.4/1/2009Between April 2009 and September 2012, JISC and the Higher Education Academy supported pilot projects and activities around the open release of learning resources; for free use and repurposing worldwide. Projects were asked to make a significant amount of existing learning resources freely available online, licensed in such away to enable them to be used and repurposed worldwide.It was expected that funded projects would demonstrate a long term commitment to the release of open educational resources (OER). Projects worked towards the sustainability of long term open resources release via the adoption of appropriate business models to support this. Supporting actions included modifications to institutional policies and processes, with the aim of making open resources release an expected part of the educational resources creation cycle. As a part of this programme, support and advice on all aspects of open educational resource release were offered. This included guidance and advice from existing JISC services and other organisations and covered issues around licensing, intellectual property rights, technical aspects such as the use of standards and metadata, and resource discovery.http://www.jisc.ac.uk/whatwedo/programmes/elearning/oer.aspxopeneducation, openUK
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data.gov launched5/25/2009Data.gov is a U.S. government website launched in late May 2009 by the then Federal Chief Information Officer (CIO) of the United States, Vivek Kundra.http://www.data.govopeneducation, open,US
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Wikileak launch1/1/2009WikiLeaks is a not-for-profit media organisation. Our goal is to bring important news and information to the public. We provide an innovative, secure and anonymous way for sources to leak information to our journalists (our electronic drop box). http://wikileaks.orgopeneducation, open,
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Open wireless network1/1/2009openeducation, open,London51.51121, -0.11982
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data.gov.uk launched1/19/2010Website for UK government datahttp://data.gov.ukhttp://labs.nationalarchives.gov.uk/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2010/06/dataGov-banner.pngNational Archivesopeneducation, open,data.gov.uk sitehttp://data.gov.uk/blog/public-site-launch
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JorumOpen launched1/1/2010
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