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NameCVETimelineAffected hardwareAffected softwareTargetsAttack vectorDescription and references (MITRE)Details and references to patches and security advisories (NVD)Microcode / SW PatchesPoCHow it worksNotes and additional links
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Spectre v1CVE-2017-5753Jan 3, 2018Intel, AMD, ARM CPUsCPU microcode, OS kernel, compilersIt breaks application isolation in memory. An attacker may access priviledged memoryLocalhttps://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2017-5753https://nvd.nist.gov/vuln/detail/CVE-2017-5753Spectre v1-3https://github.com/Eugnis/spectre-attackhttps://spectreattack.com/https://people.redhat.com/jcm/talks/FOSDEM_2018.pdf
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Branch Target Injection (Spectre v2)CVE-2017-5715Jan 3, 2018Intel, AMD, ARM CPUsCPU microcode, OS kernel, compilersIt breaks application isolation in memory. An attacker may access priviledged memoryLocalhttps://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2017-5715https://nvd.nist.gov/vuln/detail/CVE-2017-5715Spectre v1-3https://github.com/Eugnis/spectre-attackDetailed explanation
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Rogue Data Cache Load ('Spectre v3' or Meltdown)CVE-2017-5754Jan 3, 2018Intel CPUs, ARM Cortex-A75CPU microcode, OS kernel, compilersIt breaks application isolation in memory. An attacker may access priviledged memoryLocalhttps://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2017-5754https://nvd.nist.gov/vuln/detail/CVE-2017-5754Spectre v1-3https://github.com/IAIK/meltdownhttps://meltdownattack.com/
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Rogue System Register Read (Spectre v3a)CVE-2018-3640 May 21, 2018Out-of-order execution processor by Intel, AMD, ARM (A15, A57, A72), IBM's Power 8, Power 9, and System z CPUsCPU microcode, OS kernelAllows unpriviledged process to read hardware status flags and registers only the OS kernel should accessLocalhttps://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-3640https://nvd.nist.gov/vuln/detail/CVE-2018-3640Spectre v3a-4https://github.com/bi-zone/rdtsc-checkvirt-pocn/ahttps://sourceforge.net/p/cucumber-linux/blog/2018/05/here-we-go-again-spectre-v3a-cve-2018-3640-and-spectre-v4-cve-2018-3639/
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Speculative Store Bypass (Spectre v4, sometimes Spectre-NG)CVE-2018-3639May 21, 2018Out-of-order execution processor by Intel, AMD, ARM, IBM's Power 8, Power 9, and System z CPUsCPU microcode, OS kernelAllows unpriviledged process to read data in the L1 cache of the CPULocalhttps://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-3639https://nvd.nist.gov/vuln/detail/CVE-2018-3639Spectre v3a-4not yethttps://www.redhat.com/en/blog/speculative-store-bypass-explained-what-it-how-it-workshttps://blogs.technet.microsoft.com/srd/2018/05/21/analysis-and-mitigation-of-speculative-store-bypass-cve-2018-3639/
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L1 Terminal Fault (L1TF) (Foreshadow (SGX))CVE-2018-3615August 14, 2018Intel Core and Xeon CPUs with SGX instructionsCPU microcode, OS kernelSGX secure enclave of Intel chipsLocalhttps://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-3615https://nvd.nist.gov/vuln/detail/CVE-2018-3615Foreshadow-NGnot yethttps://blog.barkly.com/what-is-l1tf-foreshadow-intel-vulnerability-explained
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L1 Terminal Fault (L1TF) (Foreshadow-NG (OS))CVE-2018-3620August 14, 2018Intel Core and Xeon CPUsCPU microcode, OS kernelOS kernel memory and System Management Mode (SMM) memoryLocalhttps://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-3620https://nvd.nist.gov/vuln/detail/CVE-2018-3620Foreshadow-NGnot yet
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L1 Terminal Fault (L1TF) (Foreshadow-NG (VMM))CVE-2018-3646August 14, 2018Intel Core and Xeon CPUsCPU microcode, OS kernelVirtual Machines (VMs) and hypervisors (VMM)Localhttps://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-3646https://nvd.nist.gov/vuln/detail/CVE-2018-3646Foreshadow-NGnot yet
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MSBDS (aka 'Fallout') (MDS family)CVE-2018-12126May 14, 2019Intel CPUs since 2011 (ARM, AMD, nVidia not affected)CPU microcode, OS kernelarbitrary in-flight data from CPU-internal buffersLocalhttps://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-12126https://nvd.nist.gov/vuln/detail/CVE-2018-12126MDSnot yethttps://mdsattacks.comhttps://software.intel.com/security-software-guidance/insights/deep-dive-intel-analysis-microarchitectural-data-sampling



https://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/architecture-and-technology/mds.html
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MFBDS (aka 'ZombieLoad') (MDS family)
CVE-2018-12130
May 14, 2019Intel CPUs since 2011 (ARM, AMD, nVidia not affected)CPU microcode, OS kernelarbitrary in-flight data from CPU-internal buffersLocalhttps://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-12130https://nvd.nist.gov/vuln/detail/CVE-2018-12130MDShttps://github.com/IAIK/ZombieLoadhttps://mdsattacks.com
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MLPDS (aka 'RIDL') (MDS family)
CVE-2018-12127
May 14, 2019Intel CPUs since 2011 (ARM, AMD, nVidia not affected)CPU microcode, OS kernelarbitrary in-flight data from CPU-internal buffersLocalhttps://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-12127https://nvd.nist.gov/vuln/detail/CVE-2018-12127MDShttps://github.com/IAIK/ZombieLoadhttps://mdsattacks.com
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MDSUM (aka 'RIDL') (MDS family)
CVE-2019-11091
May 14, 2019Intel CPUs since 2011 (ARM, AMD, nVidia not affected)CPU microcode, OS kernelarbitrary in-flight data from CPU-internal buffersLocalhttps://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-11091https://nvd.nist.gov/vuln/detail/CVE-2019-11091MDShttps://github.com/IAIK/ZombieLoadhttps://mdsattacks.com
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SWAPGS (Spectre v1 Variant)CVE-2019-1125Aug 6, 2019https://software.intel.com/security-software-guidance/insights/processors-affected-speculative-behavior-swapgs-and-segment-registersCPU microcode, OS kernel, compilersIt breaks application isolation in memory. An attacker may access priviledged memoryLocalhttps://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-1125https://nvd.nist.gov/vuln/detail/CVE-2019-1125Spectre v1-3https://www.swapgs.com/https://software.intel.com/security-software-guidance/insights/deep-dive-intel-analysis-speculative-behavior-swapgs-and-segment-registers
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TAA (aka 'ZombieLoad V2')CVE-2019-11135Nov 12, 2019https://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/security-center/advisory/intel-sa-00270.htmlCPU microcode, OS kernel, Intel SGX, Intel SMM, hypervisors and guest VMsarbitrary in-flight data from CPU-internal buffersLocalhttps://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-11135https://nvd.nist.gov/vuln/detail/CVE-2019-11135MDShttps://mdsattacks.comhttps://software.intel.com/security-software-guidance/insights/deep-dive-intel-transactional-synchronization-extensions-intel-tsx-asynchronous-abort
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MCEPSC (aka 'No eXcuses' or 'iTLB Multihit')CVE-2018-12207Nov 12, 2019https://software.intel.com/security-software-guidance/insights/processors-affected-machine-check-error-avoidance-page-size-changeCPU microcode, OS kernelarbitrary in-flight data from CPU-internal buffersLocalhttps://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2018-12207https://nvd.nist.gov/vuln/detail/CVE-2018-12207MDShttps://mdsattacks.comhttps://software.intel.com/security-software-guidance/insights/deep-dive-machine-check-error-avoidance-page-size-change
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L1D Eviction Sampling (L1DES)CVE-2020-0549Jan 27, 2020https://software.intel.com/security-software-guidance/insights/processors-affected-l1d-eviction-samplingCPU microcode, OS kernelarbitrary in-flight data from CPU-internal buffersLocalhttps://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-0549https://nvd.nist.gov/vuln/detail/CVE-2020-0549MDShttps://mdsattacks.comhttps://www.engadget.com/2020/01/27/intel-third-mds-patch/?guccounter=1
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Vector Register Sampling (VRS)CVE-2020-0548Jan 27, 2020https://software.intel.com/security-software-guidance/insights/processors-affected-vector-register-samplingCPU microcode, OS kernelarbitrary in-flight data from CPU-internal buffersLocalhttps://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-0548https://nvd.nist.gov/vuln/detail/CVE-2020-0548MDShttps://mdsattacks.com
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