ICT Skills to Teach Incidentally
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Description
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LINKSHow to recognise a link (the mouse changes to a hand when hovered over, usually underlined and a different colour). How to “open the link in a new tab” for easier browsing of websites.
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SHORTCUTSShortcuts for copy, paste, cut, select all, undo, refresh etc.
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TROUBLESHOOTINGWhen a website isn’t working properly what can you do? Refresh (F5) and close other programs or tabs if they have too much open as a start. When the computer isn’t working what can you do? Check that the cords are plugged in, jiggle the mouse, check the monitor is on etc. When the computer freezes? Wait and then press control-alt-delete. When the sound isn't working? Check the volume and check speakers are plugged in.ggg
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TABUsing the tab key on the keyboard to move between cells or boxes on websites.
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THE BEST PROGRAM FOR THE TASKDevelop a feel for the “best program for the job” Eg. we want to type up a letter – what program should we open?
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GOOGLE SEARCHWhen searching on Google discuss what key words would be best to type in and how to choose which websites from the list might be the most reliable.
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CYBER SAFETY AND NETIQUETTEEg. If we’re writing a comment on a blog together we can talk about what name we should put and what information would be appropriate to post on the internet. This makes learning so much more authentic.
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HELPUsing the help feature of a program or website when you get stuck is a good habit for all computer users to develop. This can be modelled and investigated in an incidental way as the need arises.
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VOCABULARYWhat is URL, www, search engine etc? When these terms come up, it is a good chance to discuss their meaning.
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SHIFT V CAPS LOCKKnowing when it is best to use shift and when it is easier to use capslock.
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SPELLINGWhen students are typing in Word or leaving a blog comment and are unsure of how to spell a word, teaching them to use Word to determine the correct spelling is a useful strategy. Demonstrating how to right click on the underlined incorrect word and locating the correct spelling is an effective spelling technique for all students to learn.
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WORD DEFINITIONWhile it is important for students to be able to use dictionaries correctly, using Google to find word definitions is a skill that can easily be taught incidentally. Instructing students to type “define:” and then the word they are unsure of is a great way for them to improve their word knowledge.
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YELLOW PAGES OF EXPERTSI used to take it a bit further by having classroom “experts” and a class “yellow pages” – a directory of experts – stuck up on the classroom fridge. I would teach one little skill to one student – something like re-sizing a photo or making text wrap around an image. Then that student would be the designated “expert” and the other knew they called call upon them when they needed to know how to do a certain thing.
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LOGGING OUTHow to log out of a site quickly
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FORMATTING TEXTHow to change text size, colour, font etc
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FORMAT PAINTBRUSHHow to use the formatting paintbrush
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INSERTING IMAGESHow to insert in various programs, how to resize, flip etc
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SEARCHING FOR CC IMAGESUsing Creative Commons Searches for appropriate image searches
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SIMPLE EMAILhow to send simple email with attachment
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USING BLUETOOTHSending photos etc. from phone or iPod to computer wirelessly.
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BOOKMARKINGHow to use local favourites or on-line bookmarking sites such as Delicious or Diigo
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CREATING TABLESHow to make a table with a specific number of rows and columns and fill down or across.
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VIRTUAL BIBLIOGRAPHYHow to copy and paste reference sources into a document for producing a Bibliography later.
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FILE AND FOLDER ORGANISATIONDuring a task, organise files that you will be using into a folder, and work out the best location for the folder
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SAVE IN PDF FORMATUseful for saving on computer rather than printing out. How to save as a PDF via the print dialogue box.
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PICTURESHow to insert and format a picture .
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PICTURESHow to resize by dragging the corner so you don't make everyone really fat or really skinny!
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SCREENSHOTSHow to take a screenshot (full screen/partial) command/shift/3 or command/shift/4 (on a MAC)
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SPELLINGHow to correct spelling in the blog comment section on a MAC control/click on word
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PASSWORDSHow to be responsible for remembering usernames and passwords and keeping these secure
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Multiple Tab use in BrowsersUsing multiple tabs in your browser to effectively view/search a range of resources whilst viewing/visiting other sites.
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Google Search Part 2Being able to search using terms with " " and the use of + (and) and - (not) operators
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Cyber Awareness Pt 2Developing a critical eye to determine the validity of a website/organisation through the domain name - information presented on the page, when last updated, and referencing ideas/thoughts/concepts with others websites that have proven credibility.
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Spreadsheet TipUsing Control D to fill down cells or Control R to fill right - saves time making data to complete graphing activities
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Shift + click or Ctrl + clickBoth can be used in various applications for selecting multiple objects e.g. cells in a spreadsheet, rows in a table, drawing objects on a canvas. The former selects all objects between 1st and 2nd click. The latter selects several non-contiguous objects (e.g. non-adjacent cells). Get pupils to try this in different applications to begin to work out the difference for themselves (e.g. on text)
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File sizeNot exciting, but crucially important, especially where media files are concerned. Perhaps introduce in lessons discussing units - diff between cm & mm . . . diff between kb & Mb
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Using highlighter/comment toolsWord processing apps aren't just glorified typewriters. They can be used to show development of writing, whether prose or poetry, by adding annotations to explain why words or phrases were used . . . or in a peer review process to supportively critique each others work
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Email fundamentalsSubject lines are really important for the recipient. Encourage young 'senders' to think about the content of their message and summarise it adequately, but briefly . . . a bit like a news headline.
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Copyright / creative commonsThe need for students to understand copyright and the fact that just because it is on the www it is not free to use. By instructing students and teachers in the use of creative commons items the copyright issue can take care of itself.
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Full screenNeed to see more of the screen rather than scrolling? Task bar/Menus taking up valuable space? Especially when demonstrating to peers and the whole class by projector/IWB? The F11 key toggles between full screen view and normal in most applications.
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PRINT PREVIEW when printing from the InternetSave paper by using print preview when printing from the Internet to avoid printing too many pages and to print only what is necessary.
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COPY YOUR WORK WHEN TYPING BLOG COMMENTS ETCI teach the students to copy their blog comment by pressing Control A and then Control C before they press submit in case an error comes up and they lose their comment.
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Locating and controlling volume levelsStudents often think that a website sound is not working simply because the volume level is down or on mute.
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PICTURE SIZEShowing children the actual size of pictures uploaded from a digital camera. Most computers automatically resize to fit the screen. This gives users absolutely no idea about actual size.
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FINDING a key word in a document or web-pagePress CTRL+F or CMD+F to FIND a key word. This skill enables the person to know if the document contains that keyword without needing to skim reading.
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