FY18 HISC Funding Priorities
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FY18 Funding PrioritySuggested Project Examples (Not Exclusive)Guiding Doc ReferencesGuiding document codes:Link
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1) Offshore compliance and intelligence gathering (Risk assessments): develop and utilize risk assessment for various taxa and pathways to guide decision making processes.a. Conduct risk analyses of terrestrial and aquatic plants, pests, diseases, commodities, and pathways to prioritize screening and inspections.(HIBP PrePro1.2, PrePro1.7; HISC pg1.2, pg1.5, pg2.1, pg2.2; RBP 3a, 3b, 3c)HIBP: Hawaii Interagency Biosecurity Plan; Pre: Preborder program area; Bor: Border program area; Pos: Postborder program area; Pws: Public awareness and support program area; Pol: Policy actions; Pro: Process actions; Tifs: Technology, infrastructure, funding, or staffing actions.http://dlnr.hawaii.gov/hisc/plans/hibp/
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b. Create a user-friendly risk assessment tool for vessel operators for biofouling management using the results of the SERC/DAR biofoul risk assessment report.(HIBP PwsTifs1.5; HISC og1.1, og1.2, 2.1, 2.2; RBP 3a, 3b, 3c)HISC SP: HISC Strategic Plan 2015-2020; pg: Prevention goal; cg: Control goal; og: Outreach goal; rtg: Research & Technology goal; rg: Resources goal; ohg: Overarching HISC goalhttp://dlnr.hawaii.gov/hisc/plans/
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2) Off-shore compliance and intelligence gathering (Harbors): Improve detection and management of aquatic invasive species at Hawaii's harbors, and develop processes that minimize the risk of arrivala. Develop best practices for ballast water and hull husbandry, and develop contingency plans for treating and disposing of ballast water and for cleaning vessels.(HIBP BorPro2.5, BorPro3.6, HISC rg3.6, RBP 1a, 3a, 3b, 3c)RBP: Regional Biosecurity Plan for Micronesia and Hawaii; numbering of specific recommendations follows HISC Resolution 14-1http://dlnr.hawaii.gov/hisc/plans/rbp/
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b. Implement a ballast water and hull fouling program and provide reporting, compliance, and data management that can be used to conduct risk analyses. Assess the efficacy of ballast water management (e.g., test for compliance and evaluate residual risk)(HIBP BorPro2.3, BorTifs3.2; HISC rtg1.4, rtg2.1; RBP 1a, 3a, 3b, 3c)HISC Reso: Resolutions of the HISC
http://dlnr.hawaii.gov/hisc/reports/resolutions/
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c. Use molecular techniques to identify organisms recruited onto settlement plates and build an eDNA database of aquatic species established in Hawaii(HIBP BorTifs3.4; HISC rtg1.1; RBP 1a, 3c)
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3) Early Detection and Rapid Response Capacity: conduct surveys for new and incipient infestations, and rapidly respond to new detections. Particular preference for plants with high Weed Risk Assessment scores, and animals or fungi presenting substantial risk to native forests, agriculture, human health or quality of life.a. Utilize partnerships to efficiently conduct early detection surveys for invasive plants, animals, and microorganisms on private and public lands and provide rapid response where necessary(HIBP PosPro3.3; HISC ohg4)
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b. Support the detection and response for Coconut Rhinoceros Beetle on Oahu, and implement early detection protocols for the beetle in areas where it is not yet known to occur(HIBP PosPro3.3; HISC ohg4)
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c. Work with the Rapid Ohia Death Advisory Group to develop and implement early detection protocols for rapid ohia death in areas where the disease is not yet known to occur(HIBP PosPro3.3; HISC ohg4; HISC Reso 17-3)
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d. Develop standard operating procedures for response to unexpected arrivals of aquatic invasive species (e.g., materials transported by a tsunami or floating debris)(HIBP PosPro4.1; RBP 2a, 2b)
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4) Renewed focus on human health: Assist DOH in identifying human health risks associated with invasive species and educating the public about risksa. Evaluate and implement technologies for landscape-scale control of mosquitoes, with a particular focus on complementing current Incompatible Insect Technique research for Culex spp with similar research focusing on Aedes spp(HISC Reso 17-2)
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b. Conduct island-wide surveys for mosquito species of unknown distribution, particularly Aedes spp(HISC Reso 17-2)
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c. Conduct surveys to delimit the distribution of the semi-slug Parmarion martensi and other primary vectors of rat lungworm disease(HIBP PwsPro1.7; HISC og2.2; RBP 5b)
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d. Engage educational partners and the medical community to increase public awareness about human health risks associated with invasive species and available mitigating actions, with a particular focus on mosquito-borne illness and rat lungworm disease(HIBP PwsPro1.7; HISC og2.2; RBP 5b)
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5)    Enhanced Control of Established Species (Chemical/Mechanical): For species that are established, identify and implement strategies for limiting spread, decreasing population size, and/or mitigating impacts. Particular preference for plants with high Weed Risk Assessment scores, and animals or fungi with substantial impacts on native forests, agriculture, human health or quality of life. All control programs strategically developed for reductions at the population level with preference for programs where island-wide eradication could eventually be possible.a. Utilize partnerships to effectively control and eradicate established invasive plants, animals, and microorganisms on private and public lands(PosPro3.3; HISC cg2; RBP 2a, 2b)
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b. Implement strategies to reduce population sizes, limit spread, and minimize impacts of little fire ant(HIBP PosPro3.3; HISC cg2; RBP 2a, 2b)
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c. Implement approaches to control invasive algae and other AIS using mechanical removal, native urchins, or other technologies.(HIBP PosPro4.2, PosPro4.3; HISC cg2; RBP 2a, 2b)
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6) Enhanced Control of Established Species (Biocontrol): Advance the use of biocontrol agents in Hawaiia. Advance development of biocontrol agents currently being evaluated for release in Hawaii, including biocontrols for miconia, albizia, christmasberry, and Himalyan ginger(HIBP PosTifs1.4; HISC cg4.3, cg4.4; HISC Reso 08-02)
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b. For biocontrol agents that have been proven effective elsewhere, conduct host range testing to evaluate potential use in Hawaii. Examples include agents for Chromolaena odorata, Coccinia grandis, Salvinia molesta(HIBP PosTifs1.4; HISC cg4.3, cg4.4; HISC Reso 08-02)
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c. Conduct foreign exploration for new biocontrol agents(HIBP PosTifs1.4; HISC cg4.3, cg4.4; HISC Reso 08-02)
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7) Enhanced control of pests (Research): Conduct research on new detection and control technologies, and on information needed to develop detection and control strategies (e.g., distribution, life history traits, etc)a. Conduct research on new detection and control technologies for Rapid Ohia Death, and/or research that illuminates pathways for introduction and spread of the disease(HISC Reso 17-3)
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b. Develop new control technologies that increase project effectiveness and reduce costs. Examples include remote sensing, unmanned aerial vehicles, genetic techniques, and new chemical treatments and deployment systems.(HIBP PosTifs2.3; HISC rtg1.1, rtg1.4)
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8) Engaged and supportive community (Statewide): Collect and synthesize information relevant to all stakeholders in the state of Hawaii and disseminate this information in ways that are accessible to all residents.a. Analyze the costs of inaction for high-profile biosecurity threats, as well as the costs to take mitigating actions.(HIBP PwsTifs1.2; HISC og1.3, 2.2; RBP 5h)
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b. Collect pertinent examples and publish stories highlighting biosecurity successes (e.g., notable pest interceptions, capture of illegal animals, biocontrol releases, weed control programs) to distribute through social media and outreach products. Assess and evaluate public awareness and support for biosecurity efforts.(HIBP PwsPro1.1; HISC og1.1, 1.2; RBP 5b)
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c. Develop a proposal in partnership with HDOA, DOT, and HTA to substantially improve the presentation of biosecurity information at airports(HIBP PwsTifs1.4; HISC og1.1, og1.2; RBP 5b)
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d. Develop and implement high-quality materials, distributed statewide, about invasive species threats and mitigating actions the public can take. (HIBP PwsPro3.2, PwsPro3.7, PwsTifs1.6; HISC og1.1, og1.2, og1.3, og2.1, og2.2; RBP 5b)
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e. Develop outreach materials encouraging residents to buy local products to reduce imports. Publicize and promote the HDOA certified nurseries program and Plant Pono(HIBP PwsPro1.2, PwsPro1.5; HISC og1.1, og1.2, og2.1; RBP 5b)
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f. Engage native Hawaiian groups to develop strategies to protect natural and cultural resources, and traditional practices, from the impacts of invasive species.(HIBP PwsPro2.1; HISC og2.2; RBP 5b)
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9) Engaged and supportive community (Local): share invasive species information with local communities, encourage the development of local action teams and citizen science, and provide technical assistance to farmers and other stakeholdersa. Develop networks of citizen scientists to assist agencies with detection of invasive species(HIBP PwsPro1.4; HISC og1.1, og1.2; RBP 5b)
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b. Provide technical assistance to community volunteer groups working to control invasive species(HIBP PwsPro3.6 PosPro4.7; HISC og1.3; RBP 5b)
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10) Policy analysis: identify challenges and opportunities at the policy level for the prevention and control of invasive species, with a particular emphasis on the nexus of state, federal, and international policies.a. Conduct an analysis of international and federal laws and regulations that preclude the State from taking effective actions to prevent and control invasive species, and provide recommendations for policy amendments to mitigate these issues. Consult with the California and Florida Departments of Agriculture regarding what state and federal laws, regulations, and policies have been enacted to give them special protection at the state level, and produce recommendations to enact comparable protection for Hawaii. Key Issues include working with APHIS on solutions to state quarantine needs relative to the Plant Protection Act, determining whether insular areas can get special recognition in the United States from a biosecurity perspective, and strengthening federal quarantine laws dealing with nonagricultural products.(HIBP PrePol3.1, Prepol3.2, PreTifs2.1; HISC pg1.1, pg1.3; HISC Reso 13-1)
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b. Consult with other states and countries on best policies for management of aquatic invasive species(HIBP PosPro4.5; HISC pg2.1, 2.2, rtg2.1)
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