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Database of public sculptures in Florence 1400-1600 (not attached to churches or other eclesiastical buildings)
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Sculptor Name YearSubject MatterMaterialLocationPatron (if known)Additional Information
Stage of narrative depicted
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Donatello (L.1386-1466)1408-9 1416 (moved to palazzo vecchio)DavidMarblePalazzo della Signoria Orginally made as a prophet for the Duomo but in 1416 (appropriated to palazzo vecchio) Later inscribed "To those who fight bravely for the fatherland the gods lend aid even against the most terrible foes" It stood against a background of Florentine lilies [McHam, Social History of Florence, p.109]
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1419-20Il MarzoccoMarblePiazza della Signoria
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c.1428-30 DoviziaMarbleMercato VecchioOperai Sta. Maria del Fiore & Arte della Lana
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c.1430-50DavidBronzeMedici Courtyard (1469-1494) Cortile Palazzo della Signoria (1494- c.1555) Possibly moved to second Courtyard in the Palazzo della Signoria (1555+) Palazzo Pitti (17th century)Cosimo de MediciThe victor is whoever defends the fatherland. God crushes the wrath of an enormous foe. Behold! A boy overcame a great tyrant. Conquer, o citizens! [Undocumented Commission]
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1457–64Judith and HolofernesBronzeMedici Courtyard Ringhiera - Piazza della Signoria (1494 -1506) Loggia Dei Lanzi - 1506Cosimo de Medici“Kingdoms fall through luxury, cities rise through virtues. Behold the neck of pride severed by the hand of humility” When installed by the Republic to the Piazza della Signoria after the fall of the Medici it was inscribed 'An exemplar of the public good. The
citizens installed it here' 'Exemplum salutis publicae cives posuere' [The English translation of this inscription is taken from Sarah Blake McHam -' Donatello’s Judith as the Emblem of God’s Chosen People' pp.311-12.]
“The salvation of the state, Piero de’Medici son of Cosimo dedicated this statue of a woman both to liberty and to fortitude, whereby the citizens with unvanquished and constant heart might return to the republic.”(Randolph, 2002, p.252). Salus Publica. Petrus Medices Cos. Fi. libertad simul et fortitudini hanc
mulieris statuam quo cives invicto constantique animo ad rem pub.
redderent dedicavit (Safety of the Republic. Piero Son of Cosimo Medici
has dedicated the statue of this woman to that liberty and fortitude
bestowed on the republic by the invincible and constant spirit of the
citizens.)
The climax of the narrative, just before Holofernes head is cut off
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Verocchio (L.1435-1488)1467-83Christ and St ThomasBronzeOrsanmicheleTribunale di Mercanzia (merchants guild)
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1473-75DavidBronzePalazzo VecchioCosimo or possibly Lorenzo de Medici (& family)After the battle, Goliath's head cut off
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c.1470Putto con delfiinoBronzePalazzo VecchioSpindle for a fountain at the villa of Careggi Replaced Donatello's David in Palazzo Vecchio Cortile, by Cosimo I
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Michelangelo (L.1475-1564)1501-1504DavidMarblePiazza della SignoriaOpera del Duomo
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Baccio Bandinelli (L. 1493-1560)UnknownLaocoonMarbleUffiziPope Leo X as a gift to Francis I
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1515HerculesStuccoLoggia dei Lanzi (left-hand arch)For Pope Leo X's triumphal entry into Florence
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1516-17Orpheus MarbleMedici Courtyard (erected 1519)Pope Leo X
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1525-1534Hercules and CacusMarblePiazza della SignoriaPope Clement VII (Giulio de'Medici)
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1540-(1850 eventually completed)
Giovanni delle Bande NereMarblePalazzo Vecchio Piazza San Lorenzo from 1850
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1536–42Tombs of Pope Leo X & Clement VIII
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1542Female Chain-holder terminus - BaucisMarbleRinghieraCosimo I de Medici
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1548-58ApolloMarbleBoboli Gardens (
Buontalenti Grotto, facade)
Cosimo I de Medici
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1548-59CeresMarbleBoboli Gardens (
Buontalenti Grotto, facade)
Cosimo I de MediciVasari, decided to place the sculpture on the facade of the Buontalenti Grotto (still a nursery at the time) in 1560, in a pair with the Apollo. Ceres is sitting on a tree branch, holding a snake in her right hand; in the past, this symbol was wrongly mistaken for a reference to Cleopatra. In fact, the snake is one of the attributes of the goddess of the earth, as are the ears of wheat she holds in her left hand.
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Vincenzo de' Rossi 1542Male Chain-holder terminus - PhilemonMarbleRinghieraCosimo I de Medici
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Tribolo (Niccolò Pericoli)c.1539Giovanni delle Bande NereUnknownPiazza San Marco For the wedding ceremony of Cosimo I and Eleanora di Toledo
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Benvenuto Cellini (L.1500-1571)
1545-1547Bust of Cosimo I BronzePut in the niche by the entrance door in Forte Stella, Portoferraio (Elba) on November 15th 1557 where it remained until May 2nd 1781Cosimo I de Medici
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1545-1555Perseus with the Head of MedusaBronzeLoggia dei LanziCosimo I de MediciCellini intended 8 points of view
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Domenico Poggini 1559Cosimo as ApolloMarbleBoboli GardensCosimo I de MediciApollo stands next to a large capricorn wearing a ducal coronet - Apollo crowned with laurel
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Bartolomeo Ammannati (L.1511-1592)1560-74Fountain of NeptuneBronze and MarblePiazza della Signoria Cosimo I de Medici
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1565Justice - on top of column of Justice Terracotta or woodPiazza Santa Trinita The column was originally installed in the Baths of Caracalla in Rome and was given by Pope Pius IV to Cosimo I de Medici.The transportation of the 50-ton, 11 meter long granite column from Rome to Florence was an immense challenge.
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Francesco Ferruci del Tadda 1580Justice - on top of column of Justice Pink porphyry Piazza Santa Trinita Cosimo I de Medici
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Stoldo Lorenzi (L.1534 - 1583)1565–1568Neptune's FountainBronzeBoboli GardensCosimo I de Medici
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Vincenzo Danti (L.1530-1576)1568Cosimo I as Perseus (originally meant to be shown as victorious over the figure of deceit)- holds a sword aloft - a threatening figure Marble After completing Equity and Rigour for the entrance of Vasari's Uffizi, in 1568 Danti sculpted a Perseus which was to be placed at the centre of the two figures. It was left incomplete and finished by others, then transferred to the Boboli Gardens.Cosimo I de Medici
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1573 - 73Cosimo I as Augustus - with a lions head helmet - as a reference to Hercules' victory over the Nemean lion - Holding a lead rule - like the architects on the island of Lesbos Marble Uffizi Facade From 1573-1585 (then replaced by Giombologna's)Cosimo I de Medici
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Giambologna (L.1529-1608)c.1562Samson slaying a phillistineMarbleFrancesco de' Medici
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c.1565Florence triumphant over PisaMarbleSala del Cinquecento (the Great Council Hall) of the Palazzo Vecchio. Cosimo I de MediciFor the wedding of Francesco I de' Medici and Joanna of Austria, Cosimo I de' Medici intended for the Great Council Hall in the Palazzo Vecchio to be decorated with depictions of Florentine military triumphs.

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1576Perseus and PegasusBoboli Gardens
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Cosimo IMarble
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1579-83Abduction of the SabinesMarbleLoggia dei Lanzi
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1587-94Equestrian Monument of Cosimo IBronzePiazza della SignoriaFerdinando I (Cosimo I's son)
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1599Hercules and Nessus (the centaur)MarbleIn 1600 it was placed on its high pedestal in the Via Cerretani, between Piazza Santa Maria Novella and the church of Santa Maria Maggiore at the old Canto Camesecchi (now the confluence of Via de' Panzani, Via de' Banchi, and Via Rondinelli (Fader, p.8.)
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Flaminio Vacca & Giovanni Sciarano (sometimes Giovanni di Scherano Fancelli) 1594-8Medici Lions Marble Loggia dei Lanzi Ferdinando I de' MediciA pair of lions commisioned by Ferdinando I de' Medici, for the Villa Medici, to serve as majestic ornaments for the villa's garden staircase, the Loggia dei leoni. The first lion originates from a 2nd-century marble that was first mentioned in 1594, by the sculptor Flaminio Vacca, - Vacca reported that it had been found in the via Prenestina, outside Porta San Lorenzo. According to Vacca, the lion had been a relief, which was carved free of its background and reworked by "Giovanni Sciarano" or Giovanni di Scherano Fancelli, of whom little is now known. The second was made and signed by Vacca, also in marble, as a pendant to the ancient sculpture at a date variously reported as between 1594 and 1598 or between 1570 and 1590. The pair were in place at the Loggia dei Leoni in 1598
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