|Principle||Guideline||Checkpoint||Current Level of Support||Opportunity for Improvement|
|Providing multiple means of engagement||7: Provide options for recruiting interest||7.1||Optimize individual choice and autonomy|
Empower learners to take charge of their own learning.
|7.2||Optimize relevance, value, and authenticity|
Connect learning to experiences that are meaningful and valuable.
|7.3||Minimize threats and distractions|
Foster a safe space to learn and take risks.
|8: Provide options for sustaining effort and persistence||8.1||Heighten salience of goals and objectives|
Set a vision for the goal and why it matters.
|8.2||Vary demands and resources to optimize challenge|
Rise to high expectations using flexible tools and supports.
|8.3||Foster collaboration and community|
Cultivate a community of learners.
|8.4||Increase mastery-oriented feedback|
Guide learning by emphasizing the role of effort and process.
|9: Providing options for self-regulation||9.1||Promote expectations and beliefs that optimize motivation|
Set personal goals that inspire confidence and ownership of learning.
|9.2||Facilitate personal coping skills and strategies|
Develop and manage healthy emotional responses and interactions.
|9.3||Develop self-assessment and reflection|
Increase awareness around progress toward goals and how to learn from mistakes.
|Provide multiple means of representation||1: Provide options for perception||1.1||Offer ways of customizing the display of information|
Use flexible materials with settings that can be adjusted based on needs and preferences.
|1.2||Offer alternatives for auditory information|
Share information in more ways than sound and voice alone.
|1.3||Offer alternatives for visual information|
Share information in more ways than images and text alone.
|2: Provide options for language and symbols||2.1||Clarify vocabulary and symbols|
Construct meaning from words, symbols, and numbers using different representations.
|2.2||Clarify syntax and structure|
Make the patterns and properties of systems like grammar, musical notation, taxonomies, and equations explicit.
|2.3||Support decoding of text, mathematical notation, and symbols|
Make sure text and symbols don't get in the way of the learning goal.
|2.4||Promoting understanding across languages|
Use translations, descriptions, movement, and images to support learning in unfamiliar or complex languages.
|2.5||Illustrate through multiple media|
Make learning come alive with simulations, graphics, activities, and videos.
|3: Provide options for comprehension||3.1||Activate or supply background knowledge|
Build connections to prior understandings and experiences.
|3.2||Highlight patterns, critical features, big ideas, and relationships|
Accentuate important information and how it relates to the learning goal.
|3.3||Guide information processing and visualization|
Support the process of meaning-making through models, scaffolds, and feedback.
|3.4||Maximize transfer and generalization|
Apply learning to new contexts.
|Provide multiple means of action and expression||4: Provide options for physical action||4.1||Vary the methods for response and navigation|
Interact with tools and environments that make learning physically accessible to all.
|4.2||Optimize access to tools and assistive technologies|
Open doors to learning with accessible tools and devices.
|5: Provide options for expression and communication||5.1||Use multiple media for communication|
Express learning in flexible ways.
|5.2||Use multiple tools for construction and composition|
Share thoughts and ideas using tools that complement the learning goal.
|5.3||Build fluencies with graduated levels of support for practice and performance|
Apply and gradually release scaffolds to support independent learning.
|6: Provide options for executive functions||6.1||Guide appropriate goal setting|
Practice setting challenging and authentic goals.
|6.2||Support planning and strategy development|
Formulate reasonable plans for reaching goals.
|6.3||Facilitate managing information and resources|
Support organization and memory using flexible tools and processes.
|6.4||Enhance capacity for monitoring progress|
Analyze growth over time and how to build from it.