Wood density list
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1
Common nameBotanical nameDensity, lbs/cu.ft.Modulus of rupture, air drykg/sq.mm.Modulus of elasticity, air dry,kg/sq.mm.
2
Lignum Vitae
Guaiacum officinale and Guaiacum sanctum
82
3
Ironwood, black
Rhamnidium ferreum
8018.12100
4
Mpingo (Grenadilla)
Dalbergia melanoxylon
77
5
Grenadilla (Mpingo)
Dalbergia melanoxylon
76
6
Greenheart (British Guiana)Nectandra rodioei70
7
CocoboloDalbergia retusa68.6
8
CoralwoodGuilbourtia spp.68.6
9
Eucalyptus, Mahogany (New South Wales)
Eucalyptushemilampra
66.0511.51608
10
Satinwood (Ceylon)
Chloroxylon swietenia
64.379.681101
11
Boxwood/BuisBuxus sempervirens62
12
Ebony, Andaman marble-wood (India)Diospyros kursii61.067.81270
13
Oak, liveQuercus virginiana60.9912.951381
14
Concalco Alves60
15
Jacarandá, Brazilian rosewoodDalbergia nigra53.07
16
Oak, canyon liveQuercus chrysolepis52.329.261149
17
Hickory, shagbarkHicoria ovata52.1714.391525
18
Eucalyptus, Karri (W. Australia)
Eucalyptus diversicolor
51.7512.161885
19
Hickory, mockernutHicoria alba51.2113.561570
20
Hickory, pignutHicoria glabra51.2114 251603
21
Hickory, bigleaf shagbarkHicoria laciniosa50.5312.911335
22
Dogwood (flowering)Cornus florida49.6910.721085
23
Gum, blueEucalyptus globulus49.6911.751683
24
Oak swamp white
Quercus bicolor or Quercus platanoides
49.4412.361446
25
Eucalyptus, West Australian mahogany
Eucalyptus marginata
49.1310.541462
26
Rosewood, E. Indian48.7
27
PersimmonDiospyros virginiana48.4512.721443
28
Ebony, Ebène marbre (Maritius, E. Africa)Diospyros melanida47.955.551007
29
HornbeamOstrya virginiana47.5710.221199
30
Oak, swamp chestnut
Quercus montana (Quercus prinus)
47.29.731247
31
Applewood or wild applePyrus malus46.518.96894
32
Oak, post
Quercus stellata or Quercus minor
46.079.31063
33
Beech, blueCarpinus caroliniana44.768.48752
34
Birch, sweetBetula lenta44.5811.811520
35
Oak, whiteQuercus alba44.3310.681251
36
Rosewood, Bolivian44.3
37
Oak, scarletcoccinea44.26
38
Locust, black or yellowRobinia pseudacacia44.213.631448
39
Oak, pinQuercus pallustris42.27
40
Maple, sugarAcer saccharum42.210.971290
41
Oak, laurelQuercus montana42.089.451114
42
Oak, bur
Quercus macrocarpa
41.897.21723
43
Oak, blackQuercus velutina41.779.661153
44
Birch, yellowBetula lutea41.711.88
45
Mahogany (W. Africa)Khaya ivorensis41.7<12.381079
46
Locust honeyGleditsia triacanthos41.5810.591165
47
Elm, rock
Ulmus racemosa or Ulmus thomasi
41.0810.551086
48
Oak, redQuercus borealis41.0210.021274
49
Beech
Fagus grandifolia or Fagus americana
40.8910.251180
50
Pine, longleafPinus palustris39.8310.91445
51
Maple, blackAcer nigrum38.719 371141
52
Ash, whiteFraxinus americana38.511.011249
53
Ash, green
Fraxinus pennsylvanica lanceolata
38.0810.041170
54
Ash, bluequadrangulata37.659.82984
55
Birch, paperBetula papyrifera37.468.791119
56
Pine, loblollyPinus taeda37.029.091354
57
Sourwood
Oxydendrum arboreum
37.028.241083
58
Larch, westernLarix occidentalis36.658.241188
59
Pine, shortleafPinus echinata36.459.341345
60
Teak (India)Tectona grandis36.339.041195
61
Elm, slippery
Ulmus fulva or pubescens
35.469.291050
62
Walnut, blackJuglans nigra35.0910.421185
63
Tamarack
Larix laricina or Larix americana
34.848.231154
64
Elm, AmericanUlmus americana34.598.44948
65
Birch, grayBetula populifolia34.466.88797
66
Gum, blackNyssa sylvatica34.466.82839
67
Maple, redAcer rubrum34.099.351155
68
Pine, pitchPinus rigida33.847.4965
69
Mahogany (E. India)
Swietenia macrophylla
33.716.73817
70
Mahogany (E. India)Swietenia mahogani33.717.1890
71
Sycamore
Platanus occidentalis
33.657.121002
72
Cherry, blackPrunus serotina33.348.811046
73
Gum, red
Liquidambar styraciflua
33.098.41045
74
Ash, blackFraxinus nigra32.848.971126
75
Gum, tupeloNyssa aquatica32.716.85889
76
Magnolia, cucumberMagnolia acuminata32.218.911276
77
Douglas fir (coast type)
Pseudotsuga taxifolia
31.968.441357
78
Pine, redPinus resinosa31.658.811264
79
Maple, silverAcer saccharinum31.596.34805
80
Cedar, eastern redJuniperus virginiana30.726.07612
81
Cypress, southernTaxodium distichum30.097.441010
82
Cedar, (Tropical American)Cedrela odorata30
83
Hemlock, mountainTsuga martensiana29.976.95797
84
Sassafras
Sassafras uariafolium
29.536.43790
85
Pine, jack
Pinus banksiana or Pinus divericata
28.785.7868
86
ChestnutCastanea dentata28.346.16870
87
Douglas fir (mountain type)
Pseudotsuga taxifolia
27.846.72981
88
Redwood
Sequoia sempervirens
27.227.56958
89
Cottonwood, easternPopulus deltoides27.036.14972
90
Hemlock, westernTsuga heterophylla26.976.511015
91
Hemlock easternTsuga canadensis26.916.06846
92
Spruce, whitePicea glauca26.916.381001
93
Spruce, blackPicea mariana26.727.241069
94
Poplar, yellow
Liriodendron tulipifera
26.666.521058
95
Cherry, wild red
Prunus pennsylvanica
26.536.1892
96
Fir, silverAbies amabilis25.916.691076
97
Fir, balsamAbies balsamea25.855.42879
98
Spruce, red
Picea rubra or Picea rubens
25.787.151071
99
Aspen, large tooth
PopuIus grandidentata
25.726.38996
100
Willow, blackSalix nigra25.474.42513
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